Nicola Gigliotti.

Cor mundi: The heart of the world; online

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— as I had occasion to demonstrate a number of years ago,
while running for a legislative office— are the very rich and
the very poor, the men who have become conscienceless
through great accumulation of wealth, and who believe every-
thing is for sale ; and the very poor, who have lost every
sense of pride and honor, and, like brutes, know no other
moral than the satisfaction of the stomach and the sexual
instinct. Both extremes are very dangerous to the security
of the state, and they should be eliminated; but, before they
are eliminated, the very rich and the very poor should be de-
prived of the rights of citizenship. Anti-trust laws are a
ridiculous joke, when the ones who enforce them are the ser-
vants of the kings of wealth.

But, as this great country of ours produced Washing-
ton, who smashed the British yoke, and Lincoln, who abol-
ished slavery, she will certainly, sooner or later, give us the
new liberator, who surely shall accomplish the wonderful
task of making the United States the ideal government of
the world, the new Eden. God bless President Wilson, if he
is the one !

Bad is Germany. Horrible is the condition which would
be our lot were the central empires of Europe victorious.
But our lot would not be very much better if tiie ascendancy
of the enormously rich has to go on at the same pace as be-
fore. The war will make them much richer, far more power-
ful; and, if we will not be free from them after we have



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Gigliotti — Cor Mundi 41

humiliated and crushed the arrogance of Germany, we will
only have avoided Scillae to go into Caribdi.

Over sixty years ago America refused to concede Canada
reciprocity, and Mr. McKenzie, in the Dominion Parliament,
amid the deafening applause of his colleagues and of the pub-
lic assembled in the galleries, declared that the United States
acted so because they wanted to annex British North Amer-
ica. A few years ago, President Taft made an effort to get
reciprocity with Canada, and the Conservatives, who were
fighting Canada's greatest statesman — ^Wilfred Laurier — de-
clared that America wanted reciprocity as the first step to
annex t^e Dominion ; and they won on that issue . The truth
is that the detentors of wealth of over sixty years ago did
not want reciprocity, because it was not to their interests,
and for the very same reason the detentors of wealth in our
time have repeated the unconfessable scheme. The first
time the American Government was democratic; the sec-
ond was democratic the government of Canada.

We are and must be very patriotic. But real patriotism
must convince us that our country is not only our territory,
our history, and our flag; but that she is, above all, human
flesh and human blood ; and that the happiness of the people
must be placed above the power of the state. Justice is
greater than glory, and righteousness is immensely better
than success.

VIII.

Of late, all belligerents have tried to enlist the sympathy
of the United States, publishing books, not always impartial,
buying the press, sending lecturers and missionaries all over
the country. The Germans, who have spent more money than
anybody else, gained the favor of big newspapers and maga-
zines all over the country, and poisoned the minds of unsus-
pecting people through persistent propaganda, headed by insti-
tutions of learning and university professors, engaged in the
most abominable panderage which dishonor men. Hugo Mun-
sterberg, professor of Psychology in Harvard University, was
the head and front of pro-German propaganda among intel-
lectuals. Suspected, denounced, practically caught in the
nefarious work, he offered his resignation to the trustees
of the institution. But dignified Harvard, where the spirit
of the supreme pacifist Channing still gently floats, and
where the teachings of Professor Harnack of Berlin are con-
sidered as the gospel of the generations to come, reaffirmed
its deep confidence in Munsterberg, and asked of him to re-
main in his chair. That strange individual, George Sinister
Viereck, who in that ultra German Fatherland abused every-
thing American, and after war was declared went to the Roy-
crofters in East Aurora to make profession of American-
ism, and to insult with his venomous hypocrisy the very mem-



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42 Gigliotti — Cor Mundi

ory of my friend Elbert Hubbard, murdered in the Lusitania,
needs no special mention here. A spiritual son of J. K.
Stieber, he is the worthy co-worker of that poisonous group
of false Americans, who, in order to cover their past infam-
ous activities, claim patriotic distinction, because they bought
with ill-gotten money hundreds of thousands of dollars of
Liberty Bonds. Eternal confusion to the insidious asps of
a pandering press, and praise and honor to that noble part
of the American press which spumed all efforts of the enemy
of mankind! And glory to the magnificent Providence Jour-
nal, and to its heroic editor Rathom, who unmasked Teuton
insidiousness, and pointed out to perplexed Washington the
pending danger and the way of salvation ! Unicuique auum.

Where enemies could not penetrate through American
publications, they enlisted the cheap services of a foreign
press, chiefly owned and edited by men absolutely ignorant
acd cynical, who are unable to read anything but a check-
book. Bolo Pasha made his biggest inroads through such
an element. A number of years ago, I pointed out news-
papers which were the official organs of criminal organiza*
tions. They protested against me, frightened the American
dailies who were publishing my articles, informed me that
my life was not worth ten cents, took away business from me
and bread from my children, and enlisted the sympathy and
the services of big politicians. I preferred to lose the money
I was making through my publications, and refused to retract
one single word of what I had written. Later on, what I had
predicted became true. Blackmail ran amuck. Black-hand-
ers operated on a large scale from one end of the country to
the other.

Three years ago, at Washington, on Easter day, I read
the ill-famed appeal to the American people, which was a
German-Austrian ruse to paralyze all activities and enlist
the sympathy of the world in the iniquitous cause of the Cen-
tral Empires. When I perused the signatures of certain for-
eign editors, who pretended to have contributed to the fund
for the publication and diffusion of the appeal, I knew at
once that something was wrong somewhere, because they
were not the kind of people to give a penny for any honest
cause, and that they were always ready to bargain anything
for a consideration. The money for the nefarious under-
taking had been furnished by Teutonic sources. It was the
work typical of Stieber and his successors. I raised the cry
of alarm. It required courage and disposition to' suffer cal-
umny, starvation, and moral and material murder. But I
performed a duty. Many Italian editors published my de-
nunciations, and, admitting I was absolutely right, protested
that they had been in good faith. They contended that they
had to accept anything a certain individual was bringing to
them, because their newspapers would be compelled to cease



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Gigliotti—Cor Mundi 43

publication if the advertisements coming from that source
should cease. I said to them: "If you are honest, if you
have a remnant of self-respect and human dignity, leave the
pen and take the shovel.*' I am not personally acquainted
wiUi the publicity agent of the Central Empires, who has
been the protegee of r^ublican politicians and organiza-
tions. I have never been and never had any intention to be*
come a speculator in publicity. But I blamed and blame sin-
cerely and unreservedly organizations, firms, and individuals
who, in order to serve the enemies of this country, have made
of men, who are as brazen as tliey are ignorant, the Judas
Iscariot of the noble nation which gave them what they
could never have had anywhere else. In Europe nerve alone
will never make a man important: he must have manners,
gentlemanship, ability, intelligence, education. In Europe, a
good barber and a good shoemaker will be respected in their
trade; but they cannot write editorials or preach from the
pulpit or from the platform, unless they are men of excep-
tional good sense and intellect. Oamblers, pimps, and saloon
ke^ers may sometimes help an unscrupoloos but capable
candidate for public ofike to win here and there; but they
will never run for office or attempt to control political par-
ties. America should learn the lesson. Democracy means
honor, justice, and efficiency. Prostitution of public office
is negation of the very essence of democracy, which is order
and not perversion of the most elementary rules of decent
government.

After my discovery and denunciations, the most relent-
less persecution against me started. Even travelling sales-
men of Socialism, paid by the secret funds of Berlin and Vi-
enna, thought it was expedient to take a hand in the new cru-
sade of vituperation, which pleased very much some of my
fellow citizens, who could not forget some political differ-
ences we had had. German gold found its way even into
unworthy representatives of the Italian Government, who
were and are very frantic against me, because I unmasked
them and condemned them to infamy in a poem which will
not die, in spite of the efforts of the smooth crooks who enjoy
the special protection of contemptible speculators of patriot-
ism. Whatever I did, I did for a principle. Everything 1
have gained for years I have sacrificed to the cause of real
democracy. I am perhaps dying now, but the light of the
ideal makes happy even my last moments. And dictating
this essay, or whatever the reader may call it, from my bed,
I am positive I am performing a last duty. I know that the
conditions of my health prevent me from ordering, group-
ing properly, giving system and touch to my information.
But I have no intention to publish a scholarly book. The way
it has come to my mind and heart, I have dictated. The read-
er will certainly excuse the shortcomings, and accept the in-



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44 GigliotH—Car Mundi

formation, which is correct and conscientious, even if con-
fused and clumsy.

Of all foreign enemies of the United States, Germany
is certainly the worst. But other nations, who are now
friendly, because they need our help, have been jealous, too.
This country is too prosperous. In this vast continent, we
have every climate, every product, every blessing. No mat-
ter what people of the United States, who know well other
countries, and who are extremely ignorant of their own, may
say, we have everything except ancient history and the mon-
uments and ruins of glorious countries gone by long since.
If you want the Coliseum and the Pyramids, the walls of
Nineveh and the Parthenon, Palmira and Persepolis, Pesto
and Pompeii, you have to be satisfied with seeing them on the
screen or depicting them in your imagination, if you don't
like to undertake a very long journey. But if you love to
admire the wonders of nature, you find Europe, Asia, and
Africa right in this immense continent. Colorado is as beau-
tiful as Switzerland. The snow-capped mountains of the
West are as interesting and as imposing as the Alps, the Ap-
ennines, and the Himalayas. If you like a sand-storm, you
don't need to go to Sahara: in Arizona you can satisfy your
curiosity to your heart's content. The bay of New York and
the Golden Gate of San Francisco can save you the trouble
of a visit to Naples, Constantinople, or Athens. Every na-
tion in the world has certain things, and is dependent upon
foreign importations for others. We have everything: wool
and cotton, coal and iron, lead and copper, silver and gold,
granite and marble, wheat and corn, cement and lumber,
vegetables and fruits of all climates, immense prairies and
magnificent forests, superb internal waterways and two
oceans. Every nation in the world envies our wealth, our
inexhaustible resources. Foreign nations have apparently
let us alone; but they have been the parasites thriving on
our very blood and flesh. We have fed them. Opening our
shores to the over-population of other countries, we have
saved them from revolutions. The money accumulated here
and sent everywhere by immigrants has made poor nations
rich, has saved from bankruptcy entire municipalities and
provinces. We have generously helped other nations on earth
with food, money, clothing, goods of all kinds, every time a
public calamity has visited them. In our misfortunes we
have done without foreign help. San Francisco, devastated
by a frightful earthquake, by her own virtue, in a short time
is rebuilt, and becomes more beautiful than before.

Naturally, other nations would gladly rob us of our re-
sources and wealth. Scions of impoverished noble families
have flocked here to marry the daughters of merchants,
traders, and miners made vain by showers of gold. Adven-
turers have brought here all kinds of schemes in order to de-



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Gigliotti — Cor Mundi 45

part from the American shores with sacks of dollars. Un-
scrupulous rascals have been and are harvesting wealth, rob-
bing the unfortunate foreigners of their hard gained money,
selling them watered stocks, worthless sick, accident and life
insurance, and real estate at prices not only extortionate, but
at conditions which mean that the poor buyer, sooner or
later, will lose everything. Labor agents, generally of the
nationality of the poor devils sacrificed, have, when supply
was inferior to the demand, done things which should have
brought them to the penitentiary several times and for long
terms. Instead, they found the protection of very influential
politicians ; and some of them were also appointed or elected
to offices of honor and responsibility, in the municipalities,
in the state, and in the nation. Very few foreigners, who be-
came rich, got their money honestly. The labor agents took
money from the unfortunate victims for brokerage, charged
them with the price of transportation, which was offered in
many instances free, took a percentage of their wages later
on, and compelled them to buy from them food unfit for hu-
man consumption. Some of the most unscrupulous of them
were men employed by railroad companies.

Many of the unfortunate victims of such a system of
extortion and slavery have an idea the government is re-
sponsible for the frightful treatment they receive; and if
they go back to Europe before they become thoroughly ac-
quainted with the real United States, they will inflame the
souls of everybody they are able to approach against the
savagery of a country of hypocrites and bandits, which has
the effrontery to pose as the home of the brave and the land
of the free. It is to a certain extent the case of Trotzky
and of many of the Bolsheviki, who are denouncing in Rus-
sia the United States just because, having been here in
America, they met with frightful experiences. Every wrong
done in this country through the perfidy of unscrupulous
politicians or the rapacity of bandits is a liability for Amer-
ica. In Germany, in Austria, and in Bulgaria unfriendly
newspapers are illustrating as an answer to President Wil-
son the horrible facts I have mentioned. And to the gener-
ous words of ex-President Roosevelt and others, after the
infamies perpetrated in Belgium, German newspapers were
opposing the horrors of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Com-
pany, the outrages of bossism and the padrone system, the
lynchings, and other similar pleasantries. A foreign news-
paper, bringing to light the fact that President Roosevelt
had appointed, while governor of New York, Mr. James E.
March as port warden, admonished : "Medice, cura te ipsum"
Foreign governments, responsible for the very conditions
mentioned above, speculate on the ignorance and resentments
of their subjects residing in America, doing everything in
their power to keep them away from real American spirit



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46 Gigliotti-^Car Mundi

and institutions, and inflaming them in every possible way
against the generous and hospitable country which gave them
freedom, bread and opportunity.

The conditions I observed in the beginning in New York,
exist all over the United States, somewhere more, somewhere
less, but everywhere a menace to our institutions and to the fu-
ture of our country.

Foreigners, living in settlements of their own, keep their
customs, their prejudices, their language, their hatred for
their neighbors and for the country which gave them food,
shelter, and protection. They have their own societies, genu-
ine nests of disloyalty to America; their own language, which
makes them strangers to everything we stand for; their own
newspapers ; their own habits, often unclean and bothersome
to the limit of endurance; their own churches, and their own
flags. They worship their own patron saints or gods, and
have praise only for their own governments. The pictures
of kings, emperors, statesmen, and generals, who made of
them castaways, hang from their walls, and are worshipped
by them. Once in a while you find among them revolution-
ary groups — anarchistic or socialistic — ^but instead of im-
proving conditions, they make them worse, because they de-
nounce and curse the United States much more than they do
the sinister rulers of the nations they came from. Had
they, in their native countries, uttered some of the expres-
sions they were allowed to shout at the top of their voices
here, they would have been arrested, prosecuted, and sent to
the penitentiary for high treason. Take Goldman, Berkman,
and many others; they have had the impudence to preach
publicly that the United States is a worse country than Rus-
sia under the czars. Fools, demagogues or agents of foreign
enemies, they have been preparing the ruin of our country.
If it is true that many of the revolutionary energumens are
types of the most abominable parasitism; being enemies of
work and virtue and honor, they tramp around, uttering
abuse against law and order, inflaming ignorant and peace-
ful workingmen against their toil, their employers, and our
government, in order to extort from them shelter, food, cloth-
ing, and money for their vices and dissipations. The state
of moral perversion of some of the preachers of socialism
and anarchism in the country is such that the government
could prosecute them and send them justly to penitentiary,
without making political martyrs of pimps, white slavers,
blackmailers, and crooks.

These strange states within the state— these little Italy,
Russia, Poland, Hungary, Greece, etc. — are matters of great
concern for whoever has eyes and ears, and thinks continu-
ally of the safety and greatness of the country. The paid
agents of foreign governments are busy among such settle-
ments, encouraging them to do all they can to oppose every-



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Gigliotti — Cor Mundi 47

thing American. In order to carry on their nefarious work,
they incite foreigners to apply for citizenship. American
citizenship, they contend, does not signify that they have to
renounce allegiance to the country of their birth, but is just
a scheme to advance her interests. As American citizens,
they enjoy all the rights of natives, can help to make laws
favorable to their interests, remaining all the while in good
standing of their mother countries. The doctrine of double
citizenship, in the sinister light of fooling America in the
interests of foreign countries, has been csmically and openly
discussed in the newspapers printed in foreign languages I
have mentioned, and in conventions held in European capi-
tals. It has been done with the knowledge and consent of
federal authorities, before Mr. Wilson became President of
the United States. Adventurers and crooks have used to
advantage the traitors invested with the sacred rights of cit-
izenship. Men elected to municipal, judicial, and legislative
offices have taken orders from foreign governments. In some
cities every elementary law of common decency has been
violated by mayors, who have appointed to the bench men who
had been busy preaching the doctrine of double citizenship,
or who were the consular agents of foreign governments.
And that they were able to serve those foreign governments
much better than the United States is amply proved by the
fact that they were knighted by kings and emperors. Do you
suppose for a single instant that a foreign government would
give a coronet to one of its former subjects who has be-
come a faithful, conscientious, patriotic citizen of the United
States? Generosity, gratefulness, homage to merit are
qualities extraneous to the hearts of kings, who decorate
only slaves or knaves or people willing to pay the price. Some-
times, for political reasons, they decorate men of note or for-
eign representativs who are part of special missions; but
the men I refer to are not in this class. Now, such men could
not be fair to both parties. They are betraying one or the
other. I know positively of foreign consular agents closely
allied to notorious agents of the Central Empires. They have
betrayed not only the United States of America, but their own
governments. And this is the best proof that a man, who is
low enough to become a spy, is low enough to stop at nothing
for money: a man who prostitutes his own conscience will
prostitute his wife, his sisters, his daughters, his mother, his
own country! Beware, free men of America! Beware of
them! Beware of traitors, who go around displaying Amer-
ican flags and delivering speeches on Americanization, in
order to keep suspicion away from the very nature of their
secret work, and to prevent the real, unselfish patriot from
performing his duty! I can spot many of them. But it is
Stieber, Stieber, Stieber that I am exposing. It is the sys-
tem which endangers the dear country of my adoption (the



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48 Gigliotti—Cor Mundi

country where my children and my children's children live,
and where I hope to have rest, when my eyes shaU see no
more the beneficent lisrht of the sun) that I wish to see under-
stood by everybody, and destroyed so that it cannot come to
life any more. My own brother is a good, upright American,
and a professional man of courage and merit; and yet I did
not stop an instant to denounce him, when he wrote and pub-
lished things which seemed to me blasphemous. He wrote
an ill-advised book against woman suffrage, and I was in-
dignant, because you cannot be a firm believer in freedom,
if you want that freedom only enjoyed by a part of mankind
and denied to the other. At Sparta, Lycurgus gave women
the very same education men were receiving; and Plato in
his Ideal City advocated absolute equality between the two
sexes. I have been for equal suffrage since I was 19 years
of age, since I studied in the original Greek the works of the
greatest seer of antiquity, who took pride in the fact that he
had been a pupil of Socrates. To fight what we sincerely
consider error is a duty, if we have character and deep con-
victions. If we wish to have some day peace, we must wish
peace among all people, among all our fellow beings

The kind of peace the Germans and their allies are ad-
vocating is not and cannot be of our liking; because we love
mankind and want the greatest good for the greatest number
in real Jeffersonian spirit. To the enemies of real democracy
who misuse the word peace, we can apply the expression of
Tacitus: *'Ubi aolitudinem faciunt, pacem appellant."

Only the other day I learned from a newspaper a friend
was reading to me that one of the most abominable types of
spies — a monster of ignorance and perversity — ^had been ap-
pointed by the mayor of a certain city to a position of honor
and responsibility ! There are in that city Italians well read,
well bred, able, sincere, honorable to a fault. But men of
honor cannot be blindly used by politicians. Unscrupulous
politicians, who climb high not by merit, but by the mal-
odorous schemings of rascality and graft, need as tools the
worse flowers of evil which bloom in the garden of human
degradation. Men with brains and with conscience are a con-
tinuous reproach and menace to them. Did not rightly ob-
serve Victor Hugo that the highest peaks are reached only
by the eagles or by the worms? Until civil service becomes
a reality in the uncertainties of our political system, it is im-


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