Nicola Gigliotti.

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of white slavery, burglary, blackmail, counterfeiting, gamb-
ling, conspiracies, plotting, spying. I know of an owner
of a little jewelry store, which does not give him twenty dol-
lars a week at the best, who has saved in less than two years
seventeen thousand dollars in cold cash. Somebody, who is
in a position to know, tells me that a man from Canada brings
him every week large quantities of silver dust, for which he
pays little and sells to a big Buffalo firm, realizing large pro-
fits. A certain business man came a few years ago from Italy,
starving and in rags. He has made a fortune. I know that
he is not only the confidential agent of counterfeiters and
black banders, in whose interest he has enlisted the services
of certain misfit representatives of the law; but he has been
and is a notorious scamp in the service of the German spy sys-
tem. His chief occupation has been that of plotting against
the men who have spent noble and useful lives, preaching the
gospel of freedom. And yet, men like these are very popular
among the great and boisterous patriots, who worship no
other flag than the American banknote. I have a list of them,
properly indexed, for future reference. For patriotic reasons
of the highest order, I have warned men in responsible posi-
tions to keep away from them : but I have been looked upon
as a crank. My insanity is my love for America, my firm and
radiant belief in the wonderful mission of the United States
in the history of the world. I sincerely love the poor creatures
I am describing as they are. I have been among them, divid-
ing with them my bread, and trying to show them the right
path to follow. But the masses are often carried astray by
false gods. If I desire with all my heart to see them good, in-
telligent, bona fide citizens of this country, it is for their own
welfare. This is the land promised by God : why should peo-
ple try to go back into bondage and affliction?

Somebody has suggested to me that people coming from
other nations cannot live forever. Their children, being most^
ly born in America, will be — ^he insists — ^good citizens. And
this is a delusion and a blunder, a calamitous delusion, and
the worst of all blunders. American schools — no matter what
the pretenses of American educators — exercise the mind and
develop the body; but unfortunately are no builders of char-
acter. Children become very efficient in mental arithmetic,
enjoy calisthenics, and learn to play football and basket-ball.

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66 Gigliotti — Cor Mundi

But they are not taught discipline, politeness, kindness, regard
for others, respect for older people. In order to build charac-
ter, the primary school and home must proceed hand in hand.
No teacher — ^no matter how good and well-meaning and pains-
taking—can accomplish much in this direction, if his or her
efforts are not encouraged by a hearty cooperation of parents,
and especially of mothers, who are the first and most useful
builders of character. The first impressions are never for-
gotten. My modest, but careful, impartial, and persistent ob-
servations, have shown with mathematical certainty that the
children of the immigrants mentioned seldom become useful
citizens; with very few exceptions, they add to the vices of
their parents, and of their environment, the vices of the na-
tives of the country. The good qualities of both do not seem
to impress them at all. A blending of stupendous vices, they
grow into lives of mere bestiality, when they do not become a
menace to society, and the object of public charge. The gun-
ners, who left their exuberant youth in the electric chair for
the murder of Rosenthal, the gambler, were an illustration
of the children of foreign settlements ; and the law, instead of
punishing itself, because it had been incapable of preventing
their crimes, executed them.

Schools, as they are conducted, do not improve things.
The children of the Russians, the Germans, the Italians, the
Hebrews, the Austrians, the Polish, the Greeks, etc., unless
their parents are people of refinement or naturally and excep-
tionally virtuous, become monstrous blendings of the bad traits
of the different races among which they grow. I have observed,
in a certain section of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, inhabited
mostly by Hebrews and Italians, Hebrew children with the
worst characteristics of the Italian slums, and Italian children
with the worst traits of the Jewish rabble. When, referring
to a boy of a foreign settlement who has made good, news-
papers and educators extol the race they came from and the
environments where they grew, they utter one of the most
typical conventional lies so genially illustrated by Max

The entrance of the United States into the war has proved
the truth of my contention. Make careful researches in the
settlements typically German. You find that the ones who
have more bitterly denounced the American government and
the more enthusiastically upheld the kaiser and his allies are
not the old German residents, but their children, mostly bom
and grown up in the United States. I have investigated and
studied the phenomenon directly, persistently, and patiently.
Pointing out facts of this nature, I have not the slightest inten-
tion to denounce, belittle, or offend anybody: my only aim is
to show the right path out of wilderness and danger. First of
all, no foreign settlements should be allowed ; second, the im-
migrants should be rescued in spite of themselves ; third, the

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work of Americanization should be carefully planned and sys-
tematically and skilfully carried out by men of great experi-
ence and knowledge, who are, more than schoolmasters, psy-
chologists, sociologists^ philanthropists, absolutely familiar
with the needs, the conditions, and the peculiarities of the
races they have to reach. Incompetent men, ward heelers,
unprincipled speculators of patriotism, ignoramuses full of
false pretenses, do often irremediable harm. The late Jacob
Riis, one of the purest souls God ever created, often, on his
way to the New York Evening Sun, stopped to see me at the
editorial rooms of "/i Progresso I talo- Americano," to talk over
some of the splendid things he intended to do among the people
of the settlements. Once I said to him that the most important
and useful work would have been the destruction of the slums
and the abolishment of the settlements, a real ''sventramento/*
as they used to say in my native Naples. Richard Harding
Davis, who happened to hear my remark, said that I was the
most radical of all anarchists. And the nickname stuck for
some time, and was perhaps the origin of a famous and
very inaccurate article in the New York Herald, where I was
described as the pontiff of anarchism. I was at the time sec-
retary of "Federation of Thought and Action," which was
working incessantly for an Italian Republic, and for a Repub-
lican Federation of European States. As my colleagues in the
stupendous task, the New York Herald was kind enough to
give me, among others, Alexander Berkman, whom I had never
seen, and Emma Goldman, who was once introduced to me by
a New York civil engineer. Signer Caggiano. I kneeled before
the pictures of Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, Henry
George, Mazzini, and Garibaldi, asking of them if they had
ever heard of myself betraying their immortal teachings.

Every immigrant should be granted a temporary permit
of residence, as it is customary in Switzerland, where laborers
go during certain seasons to return to their homes as soon as
their work is done. The ones who intend to settle in the coun-
try and express an intention to become citizens, should be by
the government judiciously and fatherly distributed in the
various agricultural and industrial centers. I do not like to
be misunderstood. I had and have no sympathy for the alien
and sedition laws, which were adopted in America during the
presidency of John Adams. Jeffersonian Republicanism, as
typified by Abraham Lincoln, should be restored as the perma-
nent policy of the country, and as a model to all nations lean-
ing toward democracy.

Give a family of peasants an extension of good, tillable
land, irrigated, fertile, attractive ; make them cultivate it ; ex-
tend them the blessings of appropriate rural schools ; free them
from the parasitism and crookedness of their countrymen;
give them the benefit of rural credit, so useful and wonderful
in results in farming centers ; be their friends instead of their

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68 Gigliotti — Car Mundi

aggravators ; and you will make of them good neighbors, good
citizens, and good Americans. Doing so, you will build up the
character of their children, who will be the citizens of to-mor-
row; and awake in their hearts the love for the farm, deserted
and even cursed, on account of the exactions, aggravations,
spoliations of fiscality, which seems to begin to Russianize even
the free soil of America. Legislators, who are paying more
attention to industrial than to rural centers, are blindly pre-
paring the ruin of the country ! The greatness of a nation de-
pends more on the austere virtue of the farmer than on the
brilliant frivolity of the city dweller. Culture and agriculture
are the pillars of a sound state. Rome prospered beyond the
fondest hopes of her citizens, and produced Cincinnatus, while
she remained a community of farmers. When she was lured
by the artificial life and magnificently empty splendor of
decadent Greek civilization and perversion, her ruin started.
Julius Caesar paved the way for Romulus Augustulus. How
true is the observation of Horace that enslaved Greece con-
quered Rome! Semiramis and Cleopatra survived their and
their country's ruin. Aspasia and Phryne, from prostrated
Greece, passed into Rome. Lewdness and greed, which de-
stroyed Hebrew civilization, will destroy any nation, no matter
how powerful, if not banished.

You may find sporadic vice in farming communities. Per-
version is the rule in cities. New York is almost on the same
level with Vienna — ^the most corrupted city in the world — Ber-
lin, Petrograd, Brussels, London, and Paris, before the war.
France has been purified since the war gave her such a bath
of red blood of heroes. Sodom and Gomorrah have disap-
peared. Sappho has returned to Greece. De Sade and Masoch
have gone to Austria. Joan of Are is the pride of the country.

Farms in many of the European countries have become
a burden to the tillers of the soil. Taxations, government
spoliations of all kinds, usury, calamities, poor years, have
disgusted the farmers, who have emigrated to the cities or to
foreign lands, in quest of better returns and more human
treatment. What has happened in other countries will hap-
pen to America, if our blind politicians do not open their eyes,
and come to better counsel. In many farming communities
the exodus has started already. Unless you make the soil at-
tractive and productive and farming prosperous, famine and
moral decay will be the result.

By diverting foreign immigration to farms, you will ben-
efit immensely the immigrant, and render a great service to
the country. But you cannot dp it, unless you use wisdom, and
you have the courage, the determination and the patriotism to
destroy the infamous monopolies, which are dishonoring the
commonwealth. The^ system of lordism Without coronets
should come to an end. No man should be allowed to own
more than a moderate extension of land. And all land which

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Gigliotti — Cor Mundi 69

is not improved and is kept just for parasitical speculation
should be expropriated without any regard and witiiout com-
pensation. Remember the deep philosophy of the parable of
Jesus, and of the punishment of the servant, who buried the
money, and left it unproductive. All immense tracts of land,
acquired for little or nothing, or obtained through robbery
encouraged by political looseness and corruption, should be
unmercifully expropriated, and given to the willing and to the
industrious. Single tax will be the great remedy. By adopt-
ing single tax — ^which must be modified in industrial and com-
mercial centers in order to properly solve new problems which
escaped the great mind of Henry George — the legislator
will secure a great and glorious era of farming prosperity.
Unless big industrial and commercial enterprises are nation-
alized they must pay a convenient and proportionate share
of government expenses in taxation, without enslaving the
wage earners, or they will become worse monopolies than they
have been and that the large and unscrupulous profits of war
have a natural tendency to make. In a free, modern, progres-
sive country, no man should be allowed to concentrate in his
hands too much wealth and too much power. Accumulation
of wealth in a few hands is worse than czarism. Big inter-
ests are as dangerous to the security of nations as Prussian
militarism and British control of the seas are to the peace of
mankind. Socialism, as it is generally understood, is far from
our minds, because we do not like to see civil life transformed
into a machine, and we absolutely agree with many of the ar-
guments of Yves Guyot used in his old but golden book, ''So-
cialistic Tyranny." One of the most disheartening spectacles
in history is the communism of Sparta. Individualism, prop-
erly understood and developed, shorn of selfishness and
spurred by noble ambitions and emulations, is a blessing to
mankind, because it is the motive power of progress. When
man becomes an automaton, life will be no more worth living.
Heart's bravery, which gives so magnificent examples to ad-
mire and emulate, disappears. And heart's bravery does not
reason, does not waver, but goes straight, blindly, as swiftly
as lightning, where the cry of the dying comes from. Indi-
vidualism has moved the generous people of the United States
to send immediate help to conununities visited by public ca-
lamities. Collectivism has made Russia the horrible Bolsheviki
marsh it is now. Individualism had sent our relief to Belgium
and Serbia and ambulances and nurses and physicians galore
to bleeding Europe long before we had any idea Teutonic in-
famy would compel our peaceful nation to enter the war.

While the rural immigrant must be directed to the farms,
the industrial part of immigration should be distributed ju-
diciously among manufacturing centers. The blind, selfish,
and often ignorant exponents of a certain kind of organized
labor — ^who are responsible for many blunders in immigration

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70 Crigliotti — Cor Mundi

legislation, like the stupid Burnett law — do not seem to real-
ize that the unmerciful competition does not come from skilled
labor, but from peasant invasion of factories and industrial
plants. With the prevailing American industrial system, a
man, who has only been familiar with pick, shovel, spade, fork,
and plow, can become a machine operator in a very short

Only a slow, intelligent, and persistent process of assimi-
lation can make of the average foreign immigrant a good,
faithful, useful citizen. Some of the most typical American
families were, only one or two generations ago, British, Ger-
man, Italian, Swede, French, Russian, or Austrian. But they
went upon their arrival to live in strictly American communi-
ties, where they acquired the habits, the manners, the tastes,
the ways of thinking of the new environment. Many inter-
married with Americans. Would you imagine that such a
splendid example of American womanhood, Ida M. Tarbell,
comes from Italian stock? Her ancestors were Italian, and
settled on a farm in Erie County, and among their new rela-
tions are people by name of McCullough. Tarabelli was their
original name. I could mention names galore. The process
of assimilation is an easy one, if properly understood and
applied. Theodore Roosevelt, the greatest living exponent of
Americanism, the man who symbolizes the race and its
achievements, comes from genuine and typical Dutch and Ger-
man ancestry, thoroughly Americanized. But General Sigel
remained German, in spite of his gallant participation in the
Civil War, as Italian through and through remained till he
breathed his last that other famous Civil War veteran, General
Luigi Pahna di Cesnola, director of the Metropolitan Museum
of Art in New York. William Waldorf Astor, in spite of the
immense obligations his ancestors owed to the United States,
had in his blood a pronounced dislike for America and Amer-
icanism, which had been very often shown by other members
of his family, especially a departed lady, who introduced into
a certain artificial set the exaggerated exclusivism of British
nobility and the strange snobbism of the upstart. In years
gone by, when I had time to indulge in studies on American
society, I had many moments of real merriment at the expense
of some of the so-called four hundred, and some of the people
who had been entertained at Newport, and who had come
from Europe on matrimonial expeditions, were among the
more active in caricaturing them. Richard Croker, the former
czar of Tammany Hall, remained Irish to the core, as British
remained, in spite of the vastness of the fortune acquired in
the United States, Andrew Carnegie. Why? Because they
lived, no matter how active their participation in American
life, as strangers among strangers.

If assimilation is impossible in countries governed by
tyrannical monarchies and empires, it is easy in free nations.

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Gigliotti — Cor Mundi 71

I don't know of better Britishers than the Rossettis of Eng-
land. French, Germans, and Italians live happily together in
Switzerland. Malta has been easily assimilated by the British
government. Nice, Savoy, Corsica have cheerfully become
French. But Alsace-Lorraine has never been satisfied under
German rule, and the Italians of Trento, Trieste, Istria, Dal-
mazia, will never rest while they remain under Austrian rule.
Races and nationalities can be blended and transformed in
America, because the pursuit of happiness is a task common
to all in our country. But, of course, no assimilation is pos-
sible, when the nuisance of foreign settlements is maintained.
Take the Hebrews. Those among them who live scattered,
away from their typical settlements, have become sincerely
American, and no restoration of the Jewish nation in Pales-
tine could induce them to leave the United States. The mis-
sionary and prophetic activities of that modem Moses of Zion-
ism, the late Theodore Herzl, author of ''Der Jvdenstaat,"
will never impress or attract them. But those who remain in
their own typical settlements, and speak, pray, and think in
their own language, will never become good Americans, no
matter how many representatives they may be able to send to
city halls, county courts, legislatures, and Congress. Even a
lofty man, like Judge Brandeis, becomes unconsciously par-
tial, when he has to decide about that typical pair of anar-
chistic disturbers, Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman,
who are Hebrews and Russians.

Of all influences, which keep foreign to our institutions
even naturalized inhabitants of foreign settlements, and make
of them, if the occasion arises, alien enemies, the Church is
not the least ; the Church naturally which holds services in the
language of the particular communities. Strange as it may
seem to the simple minded American reader, foreign govern-
ments consider churches, where the teaching and the preach-
ing is done in their own languages, as a part of their ''sphere
of influence," which in diplomatic parlance means nationalistic
propaganda, control, and benevolent, but not less dangerous,
espionage. Everybody knows that missionaries were always
employed by governments to prepare the way for peaceful or
violent invasion of other people's lands. But how many know
that foreign governments give financial help to churches, in
order to maintain schools and services in their own languages?
And yet, priests and ministers of religion, who more persist-
ently carry on this work of undermining our institutions, are
loved, welcomed, honored by selfish politicians and blind public

Men should not be kept down on account of race or color ;
but race or color should not entitle anybody to special treat-
ment and privileges. Let all cults and schools and meetings
employ the language of the country. A common language is
the foundation of nationality. Quebec will never be an in-

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72 Gigliotti—Car Mundi

tegral part of Canada while language and traditions keep alive
the old conflict between French and British habits, interests,
longings, and incompatibilities. Assimilation of the different
races and peoples, which form the American Conunonwealth,
is a necessity, if our country has to live, lead the world, and
shine in a firmament of glory. The conflicting nationalities
must be blended in a very harmonious body, social and politic,
which will be our own blessing, and the admiration and in-
spiration of mankind. Education is necessary. Schools are
indispensable. But education and schools will make things
worse, if character is not properly built. A criminal, able to
read and write, is much more dangerous than an illiterate one.
The criminal of finished education is the most dangerous crea-
ture in God's world. An illiterate Stieber would have been
useless to Pangermanism and its prophets, Friedrich Wilhelm
and Bismarck. Hindenburg, Mackensen, Ludendorf , Von Tir-
pitz, Conrad, Enver Bey are brigands of education and refine-
ment. If Pancho Villa had received half of their education and
opportunities, he would have conquered the world. But I real-
ize that by having called them brigands, I have offended the
memory of Fra Diavolo. I apologize.

Take good care of the immigrants. They may carry in
their bosom the best hopes of the country. The most unfor-
tunate of them all can become the father of a future President.
Mr. Nannetti, son of Italian immigrants, was one of the best
lord mayors the city of Dublin ever had. Benjamin Disraeli,
the famous British statesman, was the son of Venetian Jews,
who would never had dreamed that their child was going to
be Lord Beaconsfield. Signor Pellegrini, former president of
the Argentine Republic, was the son of a poor Italian cobbler.
The ancestry of the Vanderbilts, the Astors, and many of the
foremost American families, was extremely humble. The
New York City Directory for 1786 shows that Oliver Vander-
Oilt had a shoe repairing shop at No. 4 Water Street, and that
John Jacob Astor kept a second hand store close by. Who were
the parents of Abraham Lincoln? By solving properly the
problem of immigration, and by creating a citizenship loyal,
honest, patriotic, unselfish, we only insure the success of our
mission In the world.


Some of the men, who have become all of a sudden patri-
otic for business reasons, were and perhaps still are members
of the German-American Alliance, of the Patriotic League of
America, another German organization formed to oppose
Theodore Roosevelt and to prevent the re-election of President
Wilson, and a purely advertising association, pompously styled
"Foreign Newspaper Association." Recent disclosures have
more than proved the truth of assertions I have been making
for the last three years ; and are more than a vindication for
the attitude I took in the last national campaign. I am out of

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Gigliotti — Car Mundi 73

politics now, and if I shall live, I may never enter it again.

Will the lesson teach anything to politicians? Will they
be fooled again by the enemies of the country? Many of them
are in perfect good faith ; and their only fault is that in their
craving for victory at any cost, they become extremely gullible,
and take for granted the claims of any devotee of that model of
candor, sincerity, and unselfishness— Stieber. The revelations
of the president of the Toledo Chamber of Commerce are a
matter of old knowledge to me, as old knowledge are the truths
I have revealed in the preceding pages. Not all truth can be
proved in America, where a legislation, strange and often con-
trary to reason, calls evidence what is stup^idously deceitful,
and rejects as non-admissible induction facts, which leap from
the sifting of the most stringent logic, as virgin mountain
streams spring from rocks. And for this reason, unworthy of
the most specious cavils of the lowest sophistries, men caught

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