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xxxv-xxxvi, xliv, 30, 57, 118, 142,
185-6, 257-9, 291, 391-2, 393, 400-1,
41 1 ; the faculties in which it originates,
xliii-xlv, 1-lii, 1-2, 50-1, 237-8, 263 ff. ,
391-2, 393, 398, 563-5 ; semi-Critical
view of the, 188-9, 2 3 2 > 263-4. See
Understanding, Reason

Aquinas, 73

Architectonic, xxii, 100, 184, 332-6,
340-1, 342, 343, 345, 347, 390, 392,
394, 419 ff., 434, 437, 440, 439-40,
454, 463, 464, 474, 479-80, 496,
498, 542, 563, 579

Aristotle, xlv, 196, 198, 390. See Logic

Arithmetic, 32, 40-1, 65-6, 128 ff. ,
337-8, 347, 566

Association, and judgment, xxxiv-xxxv,
xlviii-1 ; and consciousness, xli-xlii ;
rests on objective affinity, 253-7, 266-7

Attributive judgment, Kant's exclusive
emphasis upon, 37-8, 180-1, 197

Augustine, St., 73, no, 565

Avenarius, 587 n.

Axioms, Kant's view of, 50, 127, 348,
565-7

Bacon, Francis, 4-5, 74
Bain, A., 86 n.
Balfour, A. J., 314
Baumgarten, 192-3, 441, 522
Beantwortung der Frage : Was heisst

Aufkldrung? Kant's, 15
Beattie, James, xxviii-xxix, xxxi n. , 207,

582, 595, 600 n.



607



6o8



INDEX



Beck, 80

Belief, Kant's view of, Iv ff. , 576-7
Beloselsky, Furst von, xlix
Bergson, 86, 142, 359-60 ., 587 n.
Berkeley, xxxii, xl, xlvi, 112, i53'4.
155 ff. , 272, 298 ff. , 587-8, 592, 595, 596
Borowski, 63, 156
Bosanquet, B., 36, 181, 197
Bradley, F. G., 36, 181, 197
Bruno, Giordano, 74
Biilffinger, 155

Caird, E., xx, 1 ., 23, 51, 102 ., 114,

117, 183, 194- i9S 262, 2 96, 3*4.

328, 340, 357 ., 359 ! 373. 378,

399, 462, 468
Campanella, 74
Canon, 72, 169-70, 174, 332-3. 43 8 '

569 ff.

Cassirer, E. , 132
Categorical imperative, xxxvi, Ivi-lviii,

57 1 ff -

Categories, distinction from generic
concept, 178 ff. ; de facto nature of
the, xxxv-xxxvi, xxxviii, xliv, 30, 57,
185-6, 257-8, 291, 391-2, 398, 400-1,
411 ; definition of the, 195-6, 198,
339-42, 404-5 ; semi-Critical view of
the, 188-9, 217-18, 232, 263-4; merely
logical forms, xxxv-xxxvi, xxxviii, 30 n. ,
32, 39, 108, 176 ff., 185-6, 191, 195-
196, 257-8, 290-1, 325 ff. , 339-40,
398, 404-5, 409-10, 4i3- x 4. 467 1
valid only for appearances, 259-60 ;
and schemata, 195-6, 311, 333, 339-
342, 467 n. ; metaphysical deduction
of the, 183 ff. , 192 ff., 287-8; tran-
scendental deduction of the, 234 ff. ,
287-8 ; all categories involved in every
act of consciousness, xli-xlv, liii-liv,
199-200, 356, 368, 370, 377, 387-91 ;
have wider scope than the forms of
sense, Iv-lvi, 20, 25, 290-1, 331, 404 ff. ;
restricted by time and space, 342, 357 ;
in relation to outer and inner ex-
perience, 311-12; how far predicable
of the 'I think,' 325 ff . ; how far
applicable to sensations, desires, etc.,
xlvi n. , 275-6, 279 ff. , 312 ff. , 384-5,
476 ; proof of specific, 242-3, 252-3,
258-9, 287-8, 333, 343-4 ; determinate .,
and indeterminate application of the,
325 ff., 405 ff. ; may be intrinsically
inapplicable to things in themselves,
290, 409-10, 413-14 ; category of
existence, 322, 415 n. ; category of
totality and Idea of the unconditioned,
199-200, 433, 451, 480, 529 ; mathe-
matical and dynamical, 198, 345-7,
510-11. See A priori, Understanding

Catharticon, 169, 174



Causality, Kant influenced by Hume's
teaching regarding, xxv ff. , 61-4,
364 ff. , 593-600 ; Kant's treatment of
the principle of, 363 ff. ; Kant's sub-
jectivist and phenomenalist views of,
216, 217-18, 318-21, 351, 373-4; sensa-
tions, feelings, etc. subject to principle
of, xlviw., 275, 279-82, 312, 384-5;
category of, involved in consciousness
of time, liii-liv, 365 ff. , 377 ff. , 387 ;
and freedom, 492 ff. See Hume

Clarke, 140, 539, 594

Cohen, H., 51, 102 n. , 195, 262, 340

Coherence theory of truth, xxxvi-xxxix,
36 ff. , 173 n. ; criterion of truth
bound up with the Ideas of Reason,
217-18, 326 ., 331, 390-1, 414-17,
426-31, 473-7, 511-12, 519-21, 541-2,
S58-6i

Concept, Kant's generic or class view
of the, 99-100, 105-7, 118-19, I2 6,
132-3. 177-84. 338-9. 370-1, 377-84,
390-1 ; intuition and conception, 38-
42, 93-4, 105-9, 118-20, 126, 128-
134, 165-6, 167-8, 194, 370, 390-1,
564-6 ; construction of concepts, 41,
I 3 I "3> 338-9, 418 ff. , 564-6 ; concepts
and images, 337-9 ; Kant's doctrine
of the pure concept, xxxix, 394-400,
418 ff. See Understanding

Concerning the Advances, made, etc.
See Fortschritte

Consciousness, Kant's views regarding,
xxxiv-xxxv, xxxix-xlv, xliii-xlvii, 1-lii ;
and the animal mind, xlvii-1 ; may be
a resultant, xxxiv, xliii-xlv, 1-lii, 261-3,
277-9. 3 2 7. 4J9-62, 473-7 1 no im-
mediate consciousness of mind's own
activities, xliii-xlv, 1-lii, 263 ff., 273 ff.,
2 93> 2 95 ff-> 322 ff . ; consciousness of
time Kant's datum, xxxiv, 120, 241
ff. , 365 ff. , 381 ff. ; absolutist aspect
of, xxx-xxxiii, liii, Ivi-lvii, 270-1, 274,
282, 285-7, 331 n. See Apperception,
Judgment

Contingency, assertion of, 39 ff. , 55,
286-9

Continuity, Kant's views regarding, 352-
355, 488 ff. , 509 ; principle of, 380-1 ;
transcendental principle of, 551

Copernicus, 18-19, 22-5

Cosmological Argument, 531 ff.

Criterion of truth. See Coherence
theory of truth

Criticism, Kant's use of term, i, 9, 13-
14, 21 ; Age of, 15

Critique of Practical Reason, Ivi, Ivii,
Ix, 77-8, 569 ff., 572

Critique of Judgment, Ixi, 77, 83, 97-8,
191. 265, 537, 539, 561, 569 n.,
574. 575 ., 576, 577



INDEX



609



Crusius, xxviii, xxxii, 47
Curtius, E., 336

Deduction of categories, distinction^
between subjective and objective,
xliv n. , 235 ff. ; subjective, 245 ff. ,
263 ff. ; objective, 248 ff. ; meta-
physical, 175 ff. , 192 ff. ; stages in
Kant's development of metaphysical,
1 86 ff. See Transcendental method
of proof

Deduction of Ideas, metaphysical, 426,
433 ff., 450-4, 478-80, 522-3; tran-
scendental, 426, 430, 436, 454, 552-4,
572 ff. See Ideas of Reason

Definition, Kant's view of, 564-5

Deist, as contrasted with Theist, 541 ;
Kant's deistic interpretation of the
Ideas of Reason, 418, 436, 439-40,
454- 473-7- 5 20 ' 1 ' 537. 542, 575.
See Idealist view of Reason.

Democritus, 354 n.

Demonstration, Kant's view of, 566-7

Descartes, xxxi, xxxix-xliii, xlvi, 155,
157, 272-3, 279 ff., 298 ff., 354 n.,
421, 449, 583-7, 589-90, 597

Desires, Kant's view of the, xlvi n.,
276, 279-82, 312, 384-5

Dewey, J. , 36

Dialectic, distinguished from the Ana-
lytic, 172-4, 438-42 ; the problems of
the, 425 ff. ; development of Kant's
views regarding the, 431 ff.

Dilucidatio Principiorum primorum,
etc., Kant's, 155, 299

Discipline, 170, 174, 438, 563 ff.

Dissertation, Kant's Inaugural, xx, 26,
40, 46, 81, 86, 87, 89 ff., 96, 99, loi,
117, 123, 128, 131, 135, 137, 140-1,
144-5, *47. i59-6o, 163-5, l8 5.
186-9, 208, 260, 263, 299, 382, 419,
427, 432, 482, 486, 489 n. , 548

Divine Existence, in relation to space
and time, 159-61 ; and intuitive under-
standing, 1 60 ; Idea of, 434-7 ; how
far can be concretely pictured, 536-7,
541-2, 556 ff. See God

Dogmatism, as distinguished from Criti-
cism, 9, 13-14, 21

Dreams of a Visionseer, Kant's, 155 n. ,
299

Duns Scotus, 73-4

Eberhard, Kant's reply to, 90 ff. , 143 n.

Ego, transcendental. See Apperception

Eleatics, the, 159

Emotions, Kant's view of the, xlvi n.,
276, 279-82, 312, 384-5.

Empirical, relation to the a priori, 36 ff. ; j
problem of empirical knowledge, 39-
40, 53 ; empirical object intermediate



between subjective representations and
thing in itself, 206 ff. , 223, 270 ff. ,
308 ff. See Experience

Enquiry into the Clearness of the Prin-
ciples of Natural Theologv and Morals,
Kant's, 15, 40, 563 ff.

Ens realissimum, 522 ff. , 529-30, 532,
534, 541-2, 556

Epicurus, lix, 436, 499, 582

Erdmann, B. , xx, xxviii n., 46, 142 .,
158, 161, 163, 200-1, 208 n., 294 .,
3 I 4. 373' 3 82 . 412, 431-2, 471,
601 n.

Erhardt, F. , 484 n. , 494

Error. See Appearance, Illusion

Euler, 162

Existence, and the "I think," 322 ff. ;
judgment of, always synthetic, 527 ff. ;
necessary existence/ 533-7

Experience, proof by reference to the
possibility of, xxxvi, xxxvii-xxxviii, 45,
238-9, 241-3, 259-60, 344, 426, 430,
454, 552-4, 572 ff. ; meaning of
term, 52 ; problem of, 57-8 ; as datum
is equivalent to consciousness of time,
xxxiv, 120, 241 ff. , 365 ff., 381 ff.

Exposition, Kant's use of term, 109-10

Faith, Kant's view of, Iv-lvi, Ixi, 571 ff. ,
575-6

Feeling, Kant's use of term, 82-3 ;
Kant's view of, xlvi n. , 276, 279-82,
312, 384-5

Fichte, 1

Fischer, K., 46, 75, 113-14, 140, 601 n.

Form and matter, importance of distinc-
tion between, xxxiii- xxxiv, xxxvi, 85 ff.

Forms of the understanding. See Cate-
gories

Fortschritte, Welches sind die wirk-
lichen, etc., Kant's, li ., 59, 60, 84,
578 n. , 580 n.

Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals,
Kant's, Iviii, lix, 569, 572

Fragmente aus dem Nachlasse, Kant's,
Ivii, 578

Freedom of the will, problem of, 20-1,
435. 5 12 ff., 569-70; and causality,
492 ff. ; transcendental and practical
freedom, 497, 512-13, 517-18, 569-70,
573-4

Galileo, 18, 583-4, 586

Garve, xix, 150 ; Garve-Feder review,

158
Gedanken von der wahren Schdtzung

der lebendigen Krdfte, Kant's, 117,

161-2
Geometry, the fundamental mathematical

science, 96 n. ; pure and applied,

2 R



6io



INDEX



iu-12, 147, 349, 565-6; Kant's

attitude to modern, 117 ff.
Geulincx, 596, 598
God, ontological proof of existence of,

527 ff. ; cosmological proof, 531 ff. ;

physico - theological proof, 538 ff. ;

problem of God's existence, 569 ff. ;

how far an indispensable Idea of

Reason, 439-40, 536-7, 541-2, 556 ff.
Green, T. H. , In., 23, 36
Groos, K. ( xxviii .

Hamann, 157, 539 - 40 n. ; describes

Kant as " a Prussian Hume," 305
Hegel, xxxvii, xlv, 1, 36, 190, 194, 274,

554

Herbart, 86 ., 124

Herz, Marcus, xxii-xxiii, xxix, xlix, 6,
26, 28, 46, 51, 114 n., 138, 187, 189,
198, 206-7, 219-22, 432

Hicks, G. Dawes, 415 n.

Hobbes, 593

Hoffding, H., 23

Home, Henry, i

Homogeneity, transcendental principle
of, 550-1

Hume, date of first influence on Kant,
xx, xxviii ; Kant's relation to, xxv-
xxxiii, xxxv, xxxvii, xlvi ; his view of con-
sciousness, xl-xliii; anticipates Kant's
phenomenalism, 21-2 ; maintains that
experience cannot prove universality
or necessity, 27, 57-8 ; shows causal
axiom to be synthetic, 30-1 ; Hume's
problem a deepening of Kant's earlier
problem, 46 ; Kant's relation to, 61-4 ;
on the self, 207 n. ; his subjectivism,
272-3, ^284, 300 ; Kant- ' ' a Prussian
Hume," 305 ; much of Hume's teach-
ing in regard to causality accepted by
Kant, 364 ; Kant's reply to Hume,
369-71 ; Hume's philosophy the per-
fected expression of the empirical and
sceptical position, 421 ; influence on
Kant, 432 ; on existential judgment,
528 ; influence on Kant of Hume's
Dialogues on Natural Religion, 539-
54. 557. 567 n. ; influence on Kant,
583 ; the philosophical teaching of,
588-601 ; influence on Kant, 606

Humility, Ivi, Iviii-lix, 554 n.

Hypotheses, and postulates, xxxvii-
xxxviii, 541, 543 ff., S7I ff. ; how far
valid in metaphysics, Ixi, 9-12, 543 ff.

Hypothetical employment of Reason,
549-50

Idealism, objective or Critical, 274 ;
Kant's refutations of subjective ideal-
ism, 298 ff., 462-3; transcendental



idealism as key to solution of the
antinomies, 503 ff. See Phenomenal-
ism and subjectivism

Ideal of Reason, 522 ff . , 536-7, 541-2,
554 ., 556-61

Idealist view of Reason, xxxviii-xxxix,
xliv, liii, 97-8, 102, 331-2, 390-1, 414-
417, 426 ff., 433 ff., 447 ff., 473-7,
478 ff., 500-6, 511-12, 519-21, 547 ff. ,
552 ff., 558-61

Ideality, of space and time, 76, in,

116-17, 138, 147. 154. 308
v Ideas of Reason, Kant's sceptical and
Idealist views of the, xxxviii-xxxix,
xliii, xliv, lii-lv, Ivi ff., 330-1, 390-1,
414-17, 426 ff., 433 ff., 446 ff., 473-7,
478 ff., 500-6, 511-12, 520-1, 547 ff.,
558-61 ; involved in consciousness of
space and time, liii-liv, 96-8, 102 n. ,
l6 5-6, 39- J 1 Kant's deistic interpreta-
tion of the, 418, 436, 439-40, 454, 473-
477, 520-1, 537, 575 ; as limiting con-
cepts, 408, 413-17, 426 ff. ; as regula-
tive, xxxviii-xxxix, xliii, liii, 473-7,
500 ff. , 547 ff. ; and categories of rela-
tion, 451-2, distinction between mathe-
matical and dynamical, 510-11 ; Kant's
criticism' of Idea of unconditioned
necessity, 527 ff., 533-7, 54I - 2 ; meta-
physical and practical validity of the
Ideas, 570-6 ; concluding comments
on Kant's views of the, 558-61 ; con-
dition distinction between appearance
and reality, liii-liv, 217-18, 326 n.,
33 1 - 391, 414-17, 426-31, 473-7, 511-
512, 519-21, 541-2, 558-61. See
Deduction of Ideas

Illusion, and appearance, 148 ff. ;
Berkeley regards objects of outer sense
as - !57- 307-8 ; inner experience not
illusory, 323-4; transcendental, 13,
427-9, 437, 456 ff., 480, 552, 555

Imagination, may be the common root
of sensibility and understanding, 77,
225, 265 ; 'productive, 224 ff, 264 ff.,
337, 348, 375-6

Immanent and transcendent metaphysics.
See Metaphysics

Immortality, problem of, 569 ff.

Incongruous counterparts, 161 ff.

Infinitude, of space, 105 ff. ; of time,
124 ff. ; Kant's view of, 483 ff. ; dis-
tinction between in infinitum and in
indefinitum, 507 ff.

Inner Sense, xliii n., 148, 291 ff., 360,
464, 468-9 ; and apperception, 321 ff.
\Intuition, Kant's doctrine of pure, 40 ff,
79-80, 118-20, 128 ff, 167-8, 468-9;
intuition and conception, 38-42, 93-
98, 105-9, 118-20, 126, 128-34, 165-
166, 167-8, 194, 390-1, 564-6 ; formal



INDEX



611



intuition and form of intuition, 109,
114-16

Intuitive understanding, Kant's view of,
160, 291, 408 ff. , 468 n. 542

Jacobi, 300

Jakob, xxviii n.

James, W., 86, 277-8, 459 n., 461 n.

Janitsdh, 155, 156

Jones, Sir Henry, 36
Judgment, Kant's doctrine of the, xxxiv-
xxxv, xxxviii, xli-xliv, xlviii-1,. 177 ff.,
192 ff. , 286 ff. ; the fundamental
activity of the understanding, xxxiv-
xxxv, xxxviii, xli-xlii, 133, 181-2, 288,
332, 370 ; a priori and empirical, 27-8 ;
analytic and synthetic, xxv ff. , 28 ff. ,
37 ff. , 59-60; judgment 7 + 5 = 12,
65 ; relational types ignored by Kant,
37 ff. ; Kant's attributive view of, 37-
38, 180-1, 197 ; as assertion of con-
tingency, 39 ff., 55, 286-9 ; Kant's
distinction between judgments of per-
ception and judgments of experience,
288-9 I existential, 527-31

Knowing and thinking, distinction be-
tween, Iv-lvi, 20, 25, 290-1, 331,
404 ff. See Categories

Knowledge, the narrow meaning as-
signed to term by Kant, Iv-lvi, Ixi, 25

Kniitzen, 161

Lambert, xx, xxviii, xxxii, 74, 138, 150,

193

Lange, F., 23

Lectures on Metaphysics, Kant's, 261,
275 ., 299, 448-9, 475 n.

Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion,
Kant's, 261

Leibniz, Kant's relation to, xxx-xxxiii,
xxxv, xxxvii, xlvi, 1, Ivii ; his absolutist
view of thought, xxx-xxxii ; anticipates
Kant's phenomenalism, 21-2 ; his
rejection of empiricism, 27, 58 ; his
pre-established harmony, 28 ; regards
synthetic judgments as always em-
pirical, 30 ; his conceptual atomism,
38 ; Kant probably influenced by the
Nouveaux Essais of, 92, 186 ; referred
to by Kant, 112 ; Kant's relation to,
140-1 ; Kant's criticism of his in-
terpretation of sensibility and appear-
ance, 143-6 ; his view of space, 161 ff . ;
Kant influenced by the spiritualism of,
208-9, 243, 260-1, 263 ; his sub-
jectivism and doctrine of petites per-
ceptions, 272-3, 298-9, 306 ; his
alternative views of the reality of the
material world, 298-9 : continuing
influence of his rationalism on Kant,



394-5, 398-9, 418 ff. ; his view of the
possible as wider than the actual,
401-2 ; antinomies formulated by
Kant from the standpoint of the
Leibnizian rationalism, 481 ff. ; Kant's
formulation of the ontological argu-
ment Leibnizian, 522 ff. , 556; con-
trast between Locke and, 146-7, 421,
582 ; on mathematical method, 592 ;
the philosophical teaching of, 601-6 ;
on the nature of sense-experience,
604-5 I influence on Kant, 605-6
Limiting concepts, Ideas as, 408, 413-17,

426 ff. See Ideas of Reason
Locke, xxxii, xl, xlvi, 15 ; Kant's criti-
cism of his view of appearance, 146-7 ;
Kant's restatement of his distinction
between primary and secondary quali-
ties, 120-2, 146, 149 ff. , 306 ; sub-
jectivism of, 272, 306 ; on inner sense,
148, 292-3 ; contrast between Leibniz
and, 146-7, 421, 582; his use of term
idea rejected by Kant, 449 ; on
primary and secondary qualities, 586 n. ;
rationalism of, 591-2 ; his proof of
causal axiom, 594 ; on the causal rela-
tion, 596, 598

Logic, Kant's contribution to the science
of, xxxvi-xxxix ; Kant's view of the
traditional, 10, 21, 33-6, 100, 181,
183, 184-6, 259, 332 ; the various
kinds of, 167 ff. ; distinction between
general and transcendental, xxxix,
170 ff.. 176 ff., 178 n., 181, 183, 184-5,
194-5, 196, 335
Logic, Kant's, i, no, 170 ff., 180-1,

576 n., 577 n., 580 n. , 581 n., 582
Lose Blatter aus Kanfs Nachlass, xx-
xxi, 112 ., 202-3, 209, 2ii ., 232-4,
261
Lotze, 1 n. , 36, 181

Mach, E., 596

Mairan, J. J. Dortous de, 496

Malebranche, xxxi, xxxii, xliii n., 15, 28,
47 ; Kant's phenomenalism anticipated
by, 21-2 ; rationalism of, 590-1 ; on
the causal relation, 596-8

Manifolds, of appearance, 84-5 ; em-
pirical, 267, 274 ff. ; pure a priori,
88-90, 92 ff., 95, 96-7, 134, 142 .,
148 n. , 171, 194-5, 226, 228-9, 267,
269-70, 289, 337, 344, 375- 385

Mathematics, methods of, 17-18 ; judg-
ments in, not all synthetic, 64 ; prin-
ciple of contradiction in mathematical
reasoning, 60, 64-5, 344 ; Kant's
intuitional view of, 40-1, 65-6 ; dis-
tinction between mathematical and
philosophical knowledge, 15, 563 ff. ;
pure and applied, 68, 111-12, 114-15,



6l2



INDEX



140, 166, 566 ; use of schemata in,
337-9. See Arithmetic, Geometry
Matter, Kant's dynamical theory of,
354-5 : principle of conservation of,
361-2
Meier, 441

Mendelssohn, Moses, xix, xxxii, 6, n,
58, 138 n., 139 n., 150, 153- l6 - 1 '
458-9 ., 467, 470-1

Metaphysical First Principles of Natural
Science, Kant's, 56 n., 66, 97, 127-8,
164-5 n - 3 12 n - 354 n - < S^ 1 n " 3 80 ' 1 -
384 n., 491, 579 n.

Metaphysics, distinction between im-
manent and transcendent, liv-lv, 15,
19, 22, 26-7, 33, 50, 52, 53, 55-6,
58-9, 66-70, 244-5, 257-8, 545- 58o-i ;
in disrepute, 8-9 ; Kant professes to
establish a quite final, 10, 35, 543 ff. ;
" Copernican hypothesis " and, 18 ff. ;
as natural disposition, 12-13, 68 ff. ; as
science, 68 ff. ; hypotheses not valid
in, 543 ff. ; the problems of, 569-76,
579-81

Method, the sceptical, 545-6 ; mathe-
matical, 563-7. See Analytic and
Synthetic Methods

Mill, J. S., 86, 364-5, 377, 596

Mind, Kant's use of term, 81

Mistaken Subtlety of the Four Syllogistic
Figures, Kant's, 181-2

Modality, 391 ff.

Monadologia physica, Kant's, 354

Moral attitude, the, xxxvi, xlv, Iv ff. ,
515-16, 571 ff.

Moral belief, Ivi ff. , 577

Moral law, consciousness of the, de facto,
xxxvi, xlv, 572-3

Motion, doctrine of, 127-9, X 33 I Gali-
leo's revolutionary doctrine of, 583-4

Miiller, Max, 75

Natural Science, pure, 66-8 ; and im-
manent metaphysics, 70. See Meta-
physics

Nature, means "all that is," 16
. Necessity, and universality, 56-7 ; defini-
tion of, 391 ff. ; of thought and of
existence, 402-3, 527, 533, 536 ;
limited being may exist by uncondi-
tioned, 527, 533, 536 ; absolute
necessity not purely logical, 528 ;
unconditioned, Idea of, 527 ff. , 533-7,
541-2, 555, 558-61 ; and contingency,
concepts of, not applicable to things
in themselves, 535 ; relative, 541,
555. 57i ff.

Negative Quantity, Kant's essay on, 381,
403 n.

New Doctrine of Motion and Rest,
Kant's, 354, 381 n.



Newton, his influence on Kant, Iv-lvi,
96 n. , 140-2, 161 ff . , 354 n. ; Kant
modifies Newton's cosmology, 539

Noumenon, positive and negative con-
ception of, 408 ff. , 413. See Appear-
ance

Number, schema of, 347-8. See Arith-
metic

Object, Kant's use of term, 79-81, 167 n.,
174; transcendental, 203 ff. ; empirical,
206 ff. , 223, 270 ff. , 308 ff.
yObjective, not the opposite of the sub-
jective, 279 ff. , 313-14; validity of
Ideas, 558-61

Occasionalism, 465, 596-7, 598

On the Radical Evil in Human Nature,

Kant's treatise, Iviii, lix
^Ontological argument, 527 ff.

Opinion, Kant's use of term, 543, 576-7

Organon, 71-2, 169-70, 174

Oswald, xxviii n.

Outer Sense, 147, 276, 293 ff. , 360

Paralogisms, 455 ff. ; nature of fallacy
of the, 466, 470

Paulsen, 46-7, 64, 373, 601 n.

Pearson, K., 596

Perpetual Peace, Kant's treatise on, Ivii n.

Phenomenalism and subjectivism, xxxix
ff. , xlv-xlvii, 82-4, 120-2, 136-8, 138-9,
140, 150-4, 155-9, 223, 227, 270 ff. ,
312 ff., 349-5 1 - 357-8, 373'4, 407
414-17

Phenomenon, distinction between appear-
ance and, 83. See Appearance

Philosophy, causes of failure of, 59 ;
Kant reinterprets its function and aims,
Ivi, 571-6, 577-8 ; the domains of,
579-81 ; Kant's view of history of,
582
V Physico-theological argument, 538 ff.

Physics, method of, 17-18; Kant's views
regarding, 354-5, 361-2, 379-81

Pistorius, 305, 307-8, 323, 467

Plato, xlv, 47, 158, 301, 390, 436, 496,
582

Pope, 156

Possibility, Kant's definition of, 391 ff.

Postulates. See Hypotheses

Practical employment of Reason, Ivi-lix,

569 ff-

Pragmatic belief, Ivi, 577
Prantl, 73
Pre-established harmony, 28, 47, 114

141-2, 267-8, 290, 465, 590
Priestley, J. , xxviii n. , 1 1 , 567 n.
Primary and secondary qualities, 82,

120-2, 146, 149 ff. , 306
Principles never self-evident, xxvi-xxviii,



INDEX



613



xxxv-xxxviii, 36 ff. , 53, 185-6, 340.
See A priori

Probabilities, inference from. See Hy-
potheses

^-Prolegomena to Every Future Meta-
physics, Kant's, xxv, xxviii n. , xxix.,
12, 13, 46, 47, 49, 59-60, 61-4, 65,
66-7, 68 ff. , 80, 84, 91, 106, 109-11,
116, 121, 129, 146, 149, 152, 153,
155, 156, 158, 159, 161, 163, 165,
178-9, 184, 188, 234, 28879, 299,
300-1, 305-8, 346, 361 n., 376-7

Psychology, Kant's views regarding,
xliii-xlvii, 50-1, 235 ff., 263 ff. , 269-
270, 311 n., 312 n., 384-5, 455 ff . ,
473-7. 580-1

Pure, Kant's use of term, 1-2, 54-6, 64

Quality, and intensive magnitude, 352.
See Primary and secondary qualities

Rationalism, Kant's type of, xxxv-xxxvi,
257-8 ; relation to the rationalism of
Leibniz, 418 ff. See A priori

Reason, meanings of the term, liii-lv,
Ivi, 2-3, 71, 426 ff. , 520-1, 558-61 ;
ineradicably metaphysical, liii-lv, Ivi,
8 ; condition of free actions, 515-16 ;
as practical, Ivi ff., 515-17 ; as causing
antinomy, liii, 519 ff . ; hypothetical
employment of, 549-50 ; Ideal of,
556 ff. See Idealist and sceptical
views of Reason, Ideas of Reason

Rechtslehre, Kant's, 190

Reciprocity, category of, 197, 381 ff. ,
434-5. 439-40, 45i-4

Reflexionen Kants zur Kritik der
reinen Vernunft, xx, xxiii, xlix, Iv,
85, 86, 106, 127, 182, 188 ff. , 196,
197, 198, 200-1, 202-3, 2 8 . 231-2,
261, 334 ., 399, 433-40, 448-9, 543

Regulative. See Ideas of Reason

Reicke, xx. See Lose Blatter

Reimarus, 193

Representation, Kant's use of term, 81,
104 ; distinction between representa-
tion and its object, 135, 136-7, 272 ff.,
308 ff. ,317-18,365. See Phenomenal-
ism and subjectivism

Representative perception, doctrine of,
xxxix-xliii, xlvi, 272 ff. , 298 ff. , 585-8

Riehl, A., xliv . , 46, 51, 88, 102 n. ,
195- 303-4, 3I7-I8, 340-1, 342,357-8,
372 n., 373, 601 n., 605

Rousseau, Ivii, Iviii-lix, 436, 567 n.,
578

Rule, two kinds of, 372

Russell, B. , 491-2, 568 n.

Sceptical method, Kant's, 481, 545-6
Sceptical view of Reason, 481, 500-3,



511-12, 519-21, 528-9, 533-7, 541-2,
547 ff., 558-61

Scepticism, 9, 13-15, 545-6, 567
I Schematism, 195-6, 265-7, 289, 311,
333- 334 ff-. 467 : and images,
337-9

Schopenhauer, 75, 197, 315-16, 365-7,
377-9.387-9. 407 n., 482-3 ., 493 .,
495 *

Schulze, Johann, 129-31, 138, 198-9,
480 n.

Schiitz, 153

Segner, 66

Self, Kant's semi - Critical, spiritualist
view of the, 1, 207-9, 212, 243, 260-3,
327-8, 473-7, 515 ; may not be an
ultimate form of existence, 1-lii, 260-3,
277-9. 327. 459-62, 473-7 I Idea of
the, 439-40, 455- 6 2. 47L 472-7.
554 ; Kant's view of nature and
destiny of, 472-7. See Apperception,
Soul

Self -consciousness. See Apperception,
Consciousness

Self - evidence, Kant's rejection of,

. xxvi-xxviii, xxxv-xxxviii, 36, 53, 118,
142, 185-6, 563-4, 565-6. See A
priori

Sensation, Kant's views of, 81-2, 84-8,
274-7, 349-52; non - spatial, 85-8,
100-1, 105 ; required for determining
actuality, 391 ff. ; sensations, feelings,
etc. , subject to law of causality, xlvi n. ,
275. 279-82, 311-12, 313-14. 384-5



Online LibraryNorman Kemp SmithA commentary to Kant's 'Critique of pure reason,' → online text (page 71 of 72)