North Carolina. Dept. of Social Services.

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insane (periodically), 1 ; in confinement. Food — 1 pint flour
at a meal ; meat twice a day ; molasses at each meal ; coflFee
twice a day. No report of cosf. M. D. Brown, Mocksville, is
overseer, at $125 per year ; tills the farm ; county furnishes
all supplies for paupers ; he is a satisfactory cfficer. Dr. James
McGuire, Mocksville, is physician, at $1 .50 per visit. Decem-
ber 1, 1890, there were 9 inmates; admitted, 4; died, 4;



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BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITI^S. 53

discharged, none; 1 inmate assists in work slightly; the

premises have good buildings, with good drainage; in fair

condition; has 150 acres laad; very poor; keeper has stock

to run the farm. Crops — wheat, corn and tobacco; one-third

belongs to the county ; two-thirds to the keeper ; grounds

shaded; ashes and manures not treated advantageously.

No religious services. One child at Home ; 7 years old ;

run away and can't be kept; 2 inmate^ whipped by keeper

for insubordiuation. By outdoor relief, about 25 cared for,

at $21 per year each, having some means.

W. O. SPENCER, M. D.

LEON CASH.

EDGECOMBE.

The Home is five miles and three-quarters southwest of
Tarboro; has three double rooms, 18x36; 11 single rooms,
16 X 32 ; 10 single rooms, 18 x 24 ; 1 of 35 x CO, divided into
14 small rooms, 2 dining-rooms and 2 passages; all of wood ;
ventilation by doors and windows; ladders and well as fire
protection^ water supply from wells; heated by open fires;
60 can be accommodated, besides keeper; 29 now in charge ;
6 able to work in good weather ; 5 helpless ; 6 imbeciles who
have to be watched closely. Food — 3 pounds meat, 8 pounds
meal, or its value in beef or other meats; rice or flour, 1 gill
coffee, 1 pound sugar weekly, for each. Cost, $1.73 per capita,
weekly ; this includes every expense. T. S. Sugg, Tarboro, is
keeper (at $25 per month, with board for himself and family),
and he is a satisfactory officer. Dr. Dan. Williams, Tarboro, is
physician, at $37.50 per quarter. On December 1, 1890, there
were 29 inmates; admitted to Sept. 1, 189,1, 6; died, 5; dis-
charged, 6 ; can assist in farm, 6 ; could do light work, about
one-half. The premises are pleasantly situated, well arranged
and in good repair; has 450 acres; 100 cleared ; 350 in tim-
ber—good ; 60 acres in cultivation ; 3 mules, 3 cows, 1 bull,
40 hogs; crops raised are corn, oats, peas and potatces; used



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54 BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE

for the benefit of the Institution ; well shaded ; manures
saved; green crops turned under. There is a school-room
20 X 30 ; religious services are held there occasionally. Chil-
dren in Home—1 colored orphan, 5 years; 2 illegitimate
children, under 2 years; 5 children of inmate (veteran sol-
dier) — not possible to make other provision for them. Pun-
ishment by solitary confinement, of three inmates, for diso-
bedience. By the system of outdoor relief, 147 persons are
partly supported at an average cost of 65 cents each per
month.

Remarks. — About two-thirds of the inmates at the Home
are colored ; five-sixths of the persons receiving outdoor
relief are colored.

T. H. GATLIN, Chairman.
^ M. J. BATTLE, Secretary.

Note. — Col. Elias Carr acted in concert with us, though it
is not convenient to get his signature.

GRAHAM.

We have only 6 paupers in Graham County, and have no
Home. The County Commissioners pay some relative or
friend, in all such cases, to take care of them, at a very small
cost. The 6 indigents cost the sum of $256 per year. The
County Commissioners have always considered it cheaper to
support them in that way than to have a Home.
Very respectfully,

W. F. MAUNEY.

GRANVILLE.

The Home is one mile and a half west of Oxford, with 4
buildings and 2 rooms 16 x 16, of brick ; ventilation by win-
dows and fireplaces; no fire protection; water supply from
well ; heated by open fires ; 30 can be accommodated ; 23
now in charge; 8 able to work; 3 helpless; 2 imbecile, in
confinement. Food — one-half pound meat, 1 pound meal.



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BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. 55

1 pound flour, with milk, butter and coflfee, daily; cost 60
cents j9er capitaj weekly. The keeper is Z. W. Allen, Oxford,
at $100 per year, without perquisites. Dr. Pat. Booth,
Oxford, physician; receives $200 per annum. December
1, 1890, there were 22 inmates; admitted to December
1, 1891, 9; died, 8; discharged, 3; inmates able to help on
farm, 8; in light work, 14 or 15. Premises fairly well
arranged and in fair condition of repair. A commendable
effort seems to be made to keep them neat dnd clean ; has
400 acres; good for tobacco and grain; about 50 to 60 in
cultivation ; 3 horses, 7 cows, 30 hogs. Corn, wheat, tobacco,
potatoes and garden vegetables are raised on the land; used
for the Home. Grounds shaded; manures saved. No reli-
gious services; 4 cfiildren; no effort to provide for children.
Only punishment inflicted is that of locking up for a few
hours an offender guilty of unruly conduct. There is a sys-
tem of outdoor relief, and $1 per month is the usual amount
paid. The inmates, in a reasonable sense, seem to be com-
fortably cared for. "

Rev. R. H. MARSH,

• W. T. LYON.

GREENE.

The Home is on an elevated place two miles from
Snow Hill; has 3 houses; 1 for Superintendent, 2 for inmates;
1 for white, 1 for colored; houses for inmates 100x16, with
6 rooms each, of wood; neat cottage for keeper, of 4 rooms;
ventilation by doors and windows; no fire protection; water
supply from well and mineral spring ; heated by open fire-
places; 361nmates can be accommodated; 9 now in charge;
6 able to work; 3 helpless; 2 imbecile, confined; well fed
and cared for as they desire; cost $1.50 per capita, weekly;
keeper's address. Snow Hill; receives $6 per capita^ monthly,
for food and care of inmates, and is a satisfactory officer.
Dr. E. H. Sugg, Snow Hill, is attending physician, at $12.50
per month. December 1, 1890, there were 10 inmates;



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56 BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE

admitted to September 1, 1 ; died, 2; discharged, none; can
assist on farm, 2; could do light work, 4; premises in excel-
lent condition— almost new; no crops cultivated except
garden, potato-patch and 5 acres in corn-patch. Crops made
go to keeper. Partly shaded; manures saved. Religious
services on 4th Sunday, by Free-Will Baptists; sometimes by
Methodists and Missionary Baptists. No outdoor relief.

LUBY HARPER, Chairman.

W. H. DAIL, Secretary,

GUILFORD.

Tbe Home is on the North Carolina Railroad, three miles
east of Greensboro; main building of two stories, 8 rooms
16 X 17; w4th 2 wings of 4 rooms each, 12 x 14; has an asy-
lum 24x32, with 6 rooms (new), each 8x 10, with 4 double
cotages for colored inmates; main building brick, others
wood ; ventilation by windows and doors; no fire protection ;
water supply from wells; heated by fireplaces, except asylum,
and that by furnace; 50 inmates can be accommodated; 30
now in charge; very few able to work; 1 helpless; 1 (colored,
insane) in confinement. Food of meat, bread and vegeta-
bles, with coffee for breakfast and milk for dinner and sup-
per; quantity ample; cost, $1 per capita^ weekly. Keeper's
address, Greensboro, at pay of $300 and board of himself and
wife; is a satisfactory ofScer. Dr. E. R. Michaux, Greens-
boro, is physician, at $200 per annum for Home and jail.
On December 1, 1890, there were 36 inmates; admitted to
December 1, 1891, 3; died, 4; discharged, none; can assist
in farm or garden, 6 or 8; nearly all could be employed in
some light work. The premises are nicely located on a knoll
in plain view of the North Carolina Railroad; neat and in
good condition; has 300 acres of thin, grav soil; 50 to 75
acres in cultivation; 2 mules, 8 cows, 19 hogs; general
crops are raised, such as grain and vegetables adapted to
this climate; shaded by fine growth of large oaks; ashes



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BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. 57

and manures saved and green crops turned under. No regu-
lar religious services, but occasional services. One child in
Home (colored orphan), not capable of taking care of herself
(5 years old); no steps taken to place her in asylum or
family. Punishment inflicted occasionally, by Superintend-
ent, for bad conduct. There 'is also a system of outdoor
relief, by which 113 persons receive $9 50 each.

Remarks. — The appearance of the place and rooms show
it to be well kept. We think our paupers are well fed with
such provisions as are furnished, but we think that for old
and infirm people, such as these, there should be more palat-
able diet. They get wheat-bread twice a week; we think
they ought to have it every day if the Commissioners are able
to furnish it, and with other things that they would relish.

D. W. C. BENBOW,
JOHN L. KING.

NoTiij. — Pfof.Chas. D. Mclverhas been prevented from serv-
ing as yet on account of his duties as Institute Lecturer for
the State; but will shortly remove permanently to Guilford.

HALIFAX.

The Home is about two miles and a half from the county
seat, with 10 buildings, 8 of these 16x32; 1 of 32x32, and
1 of 16x18, 2 rooms each except one, which has 4 rooms
and 2 passages; ventilation by windows — two to each room;
no fire protection ; water supply from well ; heated by two
open fireplaces; 50 can be comfoitably accommodated; 46
adults and 7 children now in charge; none are able to work ;
none helpless; several very infirm; 1 with mind a little
unbalanced. Diet allowed each, weekly — 2J pounds meat,
1 peck meal, sugar, coSee, flour, rice, fish, etc. The keeper
is L. D. Browning, Halifax (at $15 per month), and is satis-
factery in his discharge of duty. Dr. A. B. Pierce is attend-
ing physician at $250 per year. On December 1, 1890,
there were 57 inmates; admitted to September 1, 1891,7;



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58 BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE

died, 11, mostly of old age; discharged, 3; assisting in farm
and garden, 6; no more additional can do light work; prem-
ises a little out of repair, but are now being put in thorough
condition; has 600 acres, 30 in cultivation; 1 pair mules,
1 yoke oxen. Corn, potatoes and vegetables are raised — used
by the inmates. Grounds shaded; manures saved. Reli-
gious services once a month ; expect to have service oftener.
No system of outdoor relief.

Remarks. — As Chairman of the Board of County Com-
missioners of Halifax, I have charge of the Home, and am
doing all in my power to make the inmates comfortable, and
have made arrangements for them to have preaching oftener.
They are well fed and clothed, and are now well cared for.

R. W. BROWN.

HARNETT.

The Home is situated in a healthy part of the county,
about ten miles from the county seat. Has 3 log buildings,
16x20 feet, 1 room in each building; ventilated by doors
and windows; no fire protection; water supply from wells;
heated by open fires; 12 can be accommodated; 1 now in
charge, an idiot. Food : meat and bread, as required, at cost
of $1.25 weekly. A. L. Baucom, May, is keeper, at $4.50 for
each inmate and clothing furnished, and is satisfactory; no
physician. December 1, 1890, there were 2 inmates; admit-
ted, 1; died, 1. Premises are well-arranged, neat, and in
good repair. Has 50 acres of land, not very good; none
cultivated ; no stock ; no crops. Grounds partly shaded. No
religious services.

Remarks. — The poor in our county are cared for by rela-
tives, receiving $1.50 to $2.00 per month from the Commis-
sioners, as the Home is not large enough. They intend to
enlarge the Home soon. The county is badly in debt.

N. A. SMITH.



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BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. 59

HAYWOOD.

The Home is ten iniles from Ihe Court-house, on Jona-
than's Creek. Has 1 house, 2 stories, framed, and 2 or 3
cabins, the private property of the keeper, with 5 rooms in
the frame building and 1 room in each cabin. Ventilation
by doors and windows; no fire protection ; water supply by
well; heated by open wood fires; 12 to 15 can be accommo-
dated ; 9 now cared for; 1 able to work; 1 helpless; food in
usual variety of country diet, and sufficient; cost, $1.25 per
week. Thos. W. Mitchell, Plott,^ P. O., is keeper, at $2 per
month each, and is a satisfactory officer. Dr. Rufus Allen is
physician ; receives less than $10 per annum. On December
1, 1890, there were 7 inmates; 2 admitted to December 1,
1891 ; died, 1, adult, of old age,, and 1 infant; discharged, 1;
can assist in work, 1 ; could be employed in light work, 1.
Premises, a small country farm; the county owns none.
Grounds shaded ; manures saved. Occasional services by
circuit preachers. There are in the Home 4 children with
their mothers ; no steps taken for their benefit. No outdoor
relief.

Remarks. — The poor are well taken care of and humanely
treated by the county authorities; several of these should be
properly cared for by their own kindred, as we think, but the
county will not cavil over it, at present. The County Com-
missioners are all clever gentlemen, and disposed to do right.

W. W. SPRINGFIELD,

Chairman.

HENDERSON.

The Home is three and one-fourth miles from the county
seat; has 2 frame buildings; 2 rooms 15x16; 4 rooms
14 X 16 ; walls plastered and ceiled overhead ; 2 rooms in one
building, 6 in the other. Ventilation by windows ; no fire
protection ; water supply from spring ; heated by open fire-
places; 12 to 16 can be accommodated; 3 now cared for;



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60 BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE

able to work, none; helpless, 2. Food, plenty of bread and
meat, at cost of $1.25 per capita for food ; clothing extra. The
keeper isDrury Conn, Hendersonville, at $5 each per month
and he is a satisfactory oflBcer. No regular attending phy-
sician ; fees for physician when needed. On December 1,
1890, ther^were 7 inmates; admitted to December 1, 1891,
4 ; died, 1 ; under care at present, 2 ; 1 assists in work a little.
Premises new and in good condition ; has 100 acre?, mostly
tillable; poor. The keeper has a yoke of oxen and hogs;
crops raised belong to keeper. Not well shaded. Manures
saved. No religious services. Outdoor relief for two per-
sons, at $4 and $5 per month.

Remarks. — You will note the small amount paid to keeper
of Home — $5 each per month. Of course, the keeper has a
house, rent free, but the land tilled is small in amount and
poor, and the pay is inadequate. The clothing is furnished by
the county, and is comfortable.

J. G. WALDROP, M. D.

HYDE.

The Home is s tuated one mile f;om the county seat (Swan
Quarter); and to the south and east of a heavy forest. It has
3 buildings; 2 about 28x 18 feet, and one 40x40, 2 stories
high, built of heart pine, roofed with cypress shingles. Two
of the buildings contain 2 rooms each ; the third, G. They
are well ventilated. The chimneys are of brick and the
keeper is very cautious in reg-^rd to fire. The water supply
for cooking, drinking and bathing purposes is bad in the
extreme. The buildings are heated by brick fireplaces, and
accommodate comfortably 25 or 30 inmates; but only 6 are
in charge at present. Of the-e, none are able to work ; 2
are helpless. One is insane, who, for very many years, was an
inmate of the North Carolina Insane Asylum, sent there
from Tyrrell county; by all meai)s he should be returned to
the Insane Asylum. The inmates are allowed as much good,
wholesome food as they will eat, including coffee and sugar.



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BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. 61

The overseer is E. D. English, Swan Quarter, who receives

$12.50 per month, and is a satisfactory officer. Dr. O. S.

Credle, Swan Quarter, is physician, and is paid $2 per visit.

Since December 1, 1890, 6 inmates have been admitted, with

no discharges for any reason. One assists in farm work ; 2

could do light work, such as knitting socks, for which little

capital would be required. The premises are walled in, with

small yard, and the buildings are in fair condition. Fifty

acres of land belong to the. Home, 6f good quality, of which

only one is in cultivation, and no stock is kept. No crops

raised but garden vegetables, potatoes, e(c., fed to inmates.

Collards, turnips and potatoes raised. No shade trees. No

manures saved. Preaching is occasionally held. There is a

system of outdoor relief, and at present 6 persons receive

about $2 each per month.

I. M. WATSON,

L. S. ROSS,

0. S. CREDLE.

IREDELL.

The Home is situated six miles south of Statesville, near
Barium Springs, on the A., T. & 0. R. R. Has 5 double
buildings, made of logs, besides the superintendent's house,
barn and other outhouses ; 2 rooms in each ; ventilation only
by doors and windows ; no fire protection ; water supply from
good spring, with branch near ; heated by open fires ; accom-
modates 40; has now 23 in charge; 10 able for light work;
1 helpless. Diet of meat, bread and vegetables, as 'desired.
Cost per capita, %l weekly. M. W. Howard, Barium Springs,
is keeper of the Home, at $200 per year, for himself and
wife, and board for self and family, and is of excellent char-
acter. Dr. M. W. Hill, Statesville, is physician, at $2 50 per
visit of six miles. On December 1, 1890, about 25 inmates
were in the Home; admitted (to September 1, 1891,) 2;
deaths, 4; able to assist in farm or garden, about 10; can be
employ(;,d for light work, 10. Premises well arranged, and



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62 BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE

in fair condition, on nice elevated location, near a fine spring
of excellent water, with clear, running branch near. Oae
new house, in good condition; superintendent's house good
and comfortable. Has 227 acres, rolling upland, well tim-
bered ; soil well adapted to grain crops and tobacco ; 50 acres
in cultivation ; 2 mules, 2 cows. Corn, wheat, oats, potatoes,
cotton and vegetables raised. Grounds shaded; manures
saved. No religious services. Slight punishment of one
inmate for use of improper language before inmates and
continued disobedience^ Eight persons are supplied by out-
door relief, at $13.50, average, per year.

J. B. HOLMAN,

L. HARRILL, M. D.,

A. D. COWLES.

The Presbyterian Orphanage. — The Presbyterian
Orphanage is situated at Barium Springs, 5 miles from
Statesville. Buildings, 1, 120x50, of wood; ventilation by
doors and windows; no fire protection; water supply from
well; heated by open fires; 30 can be comfortably accommo-
dated ; 30 now in its care. Rev. R. W. Boyd, Barium
Springs, is Superintendent. The institution was opened
Februory 2, 1891. Deaths, none. Premises neat and clean,
with 35 acres of land ; grounds shaded. Regular religious
services. A. D. COWLES.

JACKSON.

The Home is situated in a remote place, on a tract of poor
land, four and one-half mil^s from the Court-house. Has 4
buildings, 20x38, of 1| stories, with 4 rooms, of logs; 1
small log cabin, 12x14; 1 cabin, 10x12, framed; and 1
framed building, 12 x 2G,'^in process of construction ; the first
has 4 rooms, the second has 1, the third has l,and the fourth
has 2 rooms. Ventilation by plenty of cracks; n ) fire pro-
tection ; water supply from branch and S|)ring; heated by
wood fires; no inmates can be accommodated very comforta-



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BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. G3

bly by the present arrangements ; (^low cared for ; 1 eloped :
none able to work; all old and infirm, except one lunatic,
who is confined at times. Diet of moat, bread and vegeta-
bles. The average weekly cost pec capita is $2.00 to $2.50.
The post-ofiice of keeper is Dillsboro, Jackson county ; keeper
receives $5 per cajnta per mouth and clothing, and resides in
main building with his family. No regular physician pro-
vided. December 1, 1890, there were 4 inmates; admitted,
2 ; deaths, none ; discharged, 1 ; eloped, 1 ; able to work, none.
Premises not well arranged; dilapidated and uncomfortable,
and condemned by the Grand Jury at the last term of Court;
has about 70 acres of poor land, 20 acres in cultivation;
keeper has 1 horse, 1 mule, 8 cattle, and 4 hogs; a little corn
and a few garden vegetables laised; grounds faiily well
shaded ; ashes and manures saved ; no green crops turned
under. No religious services. A few infirm people are taken
care of outside tlie Home.

Remauks. — The keeper is, perhaps, doing the be^t he can
for the price paid and the place in which he has to keep
them Some of the inmatos comj)lain that they are not suf-
ficiently fed. The place has the appearance of being kept
reasonably neat and clean.

Respectfully submitted, -E. R. HAMPTON.

JOHNSTON.

The Home is five miles west of Smithfield ; has 5 build-
ings; 1 dwelling for keeper, 28 x 38, with an ell, 17 x 24, and
porches; 1 smoke-house, 12 x 14; 1 dwelling for colored in-
mates, 16x32; 1 log crib; 1 house for white inmates, 30x 36;

I house for white inmates, 32x36; all shingled roo.^s; keep-
er's house has 4 rooms; houses for white inmates 4 rooms
each; colored inmates' house, 2 rooms; ventilation by doors
and windows; no fire protection; water supply by well
heattd by open fireplaces ; 30 inmates can be accommodated

II cared for now ; 2 able to work ; 9 helpless ; 3, white, insane



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ij



64 BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE

1, white, idiot; 3, whit^ imbecile; 2, colored, paralyzed; 3,
white, helpless from rheumatism. Food abundant and of
good quality; average cost $1.22J per capita weekly. The
keeper is Geo. S. Wilson (Smithfield), at 17 J cents per inmate
daily, and use of farm, and is ,a satisfactory oflBcer. Dr. L.
L. Sasser, Smithfield, is physician, at $175 per year. Decem-
1, 1890, there were in the Home 11 inmates; to September 1,
1891, there were admitted 7; died, 3; discharged, 4; 2 inmates
can assist on farm. The keeper's house, smoke-house, and
house for white inmates are in good repair; one for whites
and one for colored in bad condition ; about 100 acres belong
to the Home ; 40 in cultivation ; 1 horse, 7 cattle, 75 hogs, all
the property of the keeper; crops raised, 150 bushels of corn,
250 bushels of potatoes, and 40 of peas; all used for the
inmates ; grounds nof shaded ; manures saved. No religious
services. Fifty-three persons receive outdoor relief, at $2.00
per month. R. J. NOBLE, M. D.,

J. H. PARKER.

. JONES.

The Home is situated in the pine woods, in a healthy place,
two miles and a half from county seat; has 2 double log
houses, with chimney in the middle; rooms 16x18, and 2
to each. Ventilation by doors and windows; no fire pro-
tection; water supply from well and spring near by; heated
by open fireplaces; 8 inmates can be accommodated; 4 now
cared for; 2 are able to work; none helpless. Monthly
allowance of food to each — one-half bushel meal, 10 pounds
meat, 7 pounds flour, IJ pounds lard, 1 pound coffee. The
keeper is J. 0. Burgaw, Trenton, and is satisfactory.
Dr. R. A. Whitaker is the physician. December 1, 1890,
there were 4 inmates; admitted to December 1,1891, 4;
died, 2 ; discharged, 1 ; can be employed in light work, 4.
Premises are in bad repair ; our authorities are considering
the removal of the Home. Has 20 acres; would be fairly



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BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES. 65

productive if reclaimed ; none in cultivation ; no garden
even; no stock; no vegetables raised. Grounds shaded ; no
ashes or manures saved. No regular religious services —
occasionally some preacher holds a service. Outdoor relief

for one person, at J 1.50.

L. E. KOONCE,
P. M. PEARSALL.

LINCOLN.

The Home is five miles west of Lincolnton, with 5 wooden
frame buildings; 4 of them 40x18 feet, with one story;
chimney in centre; 3 houses each have 2 rooms, and 2 have
3 rooms each ; ventilated by 2 windows and 1 door to each
room; no special protection from fire; water supply from
two good wells, conveniently situated ; all the rooms have
fireplaces for heating, except one for the insane, heated by
stove; about 20 can be comfortably accommodated; the
present number is 24; of these 12 are able to work; none
bedridden, but some verv old and feeble; in Cv>nfinement
none, but 2 have to be watched ; one white woman, insane,
has to be attended. Substantial food, according to appetite, is
allowed. With 20 inmates, the per capita cost, annually, is
$60. The overseer, P. F. Baxter, Lincolnton, receives $3.50
per capita, monthly, and house; he is a worthy oflBcer. The
attending physician is Dr. W. F. Grouse, Lincolnton, who
receives $2 a visit for his services. December 1, 1890, there
were 27 imnates; admitted, 4; deaths, 4; can assist in farm
work, 4. Premises convenient enough; not neat, but not
dilapidated ; has 100 acres good land, 30 in cultivation, with



Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Social ServicesBiennial report → online text (page 14 of 29)