North Carolina. Dept. of Social Services.

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unselfish labors in behalf of the unfortunates of the State.
To the Governor and officials for aid and sympathy in the
work. To the Board for leave of absence in July for the
purpose of attending the Summer School of Philanthropy
of New York (visiting model institutions with experts in
the work, etc.), and to the Charity Organization Society of
New York for a free scholarship at the school.
Very respectfully,

Daisy Denson^


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16 Annual Report of the

P. L. Murphy, M. D., Superintendent. Morganton, N. C.

A second colony building with a capacity of 25 has been completed
without expense to the State, being built by the labor of the patients

and out of the proceeds of the farm. Three new boilers have been

The following is a table of the movement of population:

Males. Females. Total.

Remaining November 30, 1904 387 615 1,002

Admitted during the year ending Novem-
ber 30, 1905 ', 90 120 210

Whole number treated during the year. . 477 735 1,212

Discharged recovered 20 34 54

Discharged improved 11 25 36

Discharged not improved 6 10 16

Died 30 31 61

Total removed 69 100 169

Remaining November 30, 1905 408 635 1,043

Percentage of mortality upon the whole number treated was .049.
The percentage of recovery upon admissions was .25. There were 53
patients from the Eastern District. On probation, 47. Pay patients,

17 in full and 15 in part. Applications refused for want of room, 40 to
50. Whole number refused, 75.

Of the whole number of patients now in charge 97 per cent, are chronic
cases. It is estimated that there are 400 insane in the Western District
needing hospital care, but unable to get it for want of room.

There was one suicide. An epidemic of grip. General health at pres-
ent good. An infirmary for the tuberculous patients is very much needed.

About 75 per cent, of the inmates are employed daily. Facilities for
industrial work for the women are greatly needed, such as basket-mak-
ing, car pet- weaving, etc. The institution should have additional land
for the employment of the male population. There should be an acre
to each patient. Estimated cost of the land now required, $10,000.

The annual appropriation for maintenance is $145,000. Special,
$5,000 for an assembly hall, and $6,000 for new boilers.

Receipts $145,002.21

Expenditures 144,945.40

Balance $ 56.81

Per capita cost per annum for maintenance, $145.
Pay-roll furnished herewith.

Estimated gross receipts farm and dairy products, $19,410.93.
There is a small library much in need; no circulating library or
periodicals. P. L. Murphy,


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Board of Public Charities. 17


(Inspected June 13, 1905: Commissioner Carey J. Hunter and the Sec-
retary. Found in excellent condition).

James McKee, M. D., Superintendent. Raleigh, N. C.

Work on the new building has been completed to the fourth story.
This addition will have one dining-room, nurse's room, toilet and bath-
room to each floor, and 68 rooms for patients. These will accommodate
by crowding, 100. Forty thousand dollars was appropriated for the new
building, $20,000 to be available in 1905 and $20,000 in 1906. No appro-
priation for the heating, lighting, or equipment of the building. No
appropriation for maintenance of any new patients.

The annual appropriation for maintenance is $75,000, and for light
and water, $3,000; for procuring and installing boilers, $6,000; for re-
pairing (reflooring, repainting, and fencing), $6,000; special appropria-
tion, $1,835.45, indebtedness for light.

Table of the movement of population for the year ending November
30, 1905:

Males. Females. TotaL
Number of patients remaining November

30,1904 178 202 380

Admitted during the year ending No-
vember 30, 1905 72 79 151

Whole number treated during the year. . 250 281 531

Discharged recovered 11 4 15

Discharged improved 2 2

Discharged not improved 1 1

Died 12 4 16

Total removed 29 48 77

Remaining November 30, 1905 200 208 408

Percentage of mortality upon the whole number treated was .03. The
percentage of recovery upon admissions was .51. There were 17 patients
from the Western District. Pay patients average 12i/^ in full, 3 in part.
Applications refused for want of room, 60. Refused in all, 91, and 8
failed to come. Of the whole number of patients now in charge, about
two-thirds are chronic cases. There are approximately 350 mental defect-
ives needing hospital care in the Eastern District. No, accurate method
has ever been employed to ascertain. There has been no epidemic or
serious accident. The general health of the patients has been very good.

About 75 per cent, of the inmates are employed daily. There should be
industrial work for the women. Need facilities for such employment.
The Hospital should have one acre of land to a patient. Land is now
being rented. Need 400 acres; estimated cost, $25,000. Another great
need is an infirmary for the tuberculous.

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18 Annual Report of the

The farm is being brought up to the highest producing condition possi-
ble. Estimated value of farm and dairy products, $16,562.23. Swine
have had swine plague and fresh stock has been purchased; at present
doing better. There are 18 attendants of each sex employed.

As a means of protection from fire, there is hose over the entire house,
with hose carriage and hose for the outside. Hydrants at near intervals
around the building. Buildings insured.

There is no library for the use of the patients, or for the circulation of
books or periodicals. No fund for this purpose.

Receipts $85,198.20

Expenditures 82,612.73

Balance $ 2,585.47

Per capita cost per annum, $171 for patients and $143 for patients
and population.

Pay-roll furnished herewith. James McKee,



J. F. Miller, M. D., Superintendent. Goldsbobo, N. C.

The new building is in course of construction and it is hoped that
it will be completed by the first of June. It will accommodate 120.
There is no fund for the maintenance of any new patients. The appro-
priations were $58,000 for the support, $25,000 for the new building,
and $4,200 for improvement (boiler and spur railroad track).

The following is a table of the movement of population for the year

Males. Females. Total
Number of patients remaining Novem-
ber 30, 1904 220 309 529

Admitted during the year ending Novem-
ber 30, 1905 47 71 118

Total under treatment 267 380 647

Discharged recovered 27 31 58

Discharged much improved 4 5 9

Discharged improved 1 2 3

Died 22 24 46

Total removed 54 64 118

Remaining November 30, 1905 213 316 529

Percentage of mortality upon the whole number in charge, .07. Per-
centage of cures upon admissions, .49. Of the 46 deaths, 16 were from

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BoAED OF Public Chaeities. 19

There has never been a pay patient. On probation, 10. Applications
refused during the year for want of room, 64. We have a large number
of applications of last year and previous years. Nearly all appli-
cants for admission have been worthy cases; only six or eight refused
because they were not proper cases for admission.

No accident of serious character or epidemic; general health good.
An infirmary or ward for male tuberculous patients is much needed.
No separate provision for the male consumptives. About 57 per cent, of
the patients are employed. The grounds of the Hospital in fairly good
condition. Farm and garden lands in good state of cultivation. The
Hospital owns 528 acres, about one-half in cultivation, the other in
woods, and much of it subject to overflow by the Little and Neuse rivers.

There are 16 male and 18 female attendants, exclusive of supervisors
and night attendants, one to each sex. We have four young white women
of large experience in ward work, one of whom is a trained nurse. This
is an innovation here, and I am greatly pleased.

The total value of farm and garden products was $7,499.21. Deduct-
ing the expense of the farm and garden (including half the salary of
the steward, wages and board of two farm hands), the net value was

Receipts — ^Appropriation, $58,000 for support; no indebtedness.

Per capita cost per annum, $112.46. Pay-roll furnished herewith.




(Inspected June 12 by Commissioner Carey J. Hunter, and found in
excellent condition).

James R. Rogers, Medical Superintendent. Raleigh, N. C.

There have been no alterations or improvements in this department
during the year.

The following is the table of movement of population for the year

Males. Females. Total.
Number remaining November 30, 1904. ... 42 12 54
Admitted during the year ending Novem-
ber 30, 1905 4 2 6

Whole number under treatment 46 14 60

Discharged recovered . . 4

Discharged improved

Died 7

Total removed . . 11

Remaining November 30, 1905 36 13 49

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Annual Repoet of the

being urgent, two new boilers were put in. These were paid for out of

money borrowed, with the consent of the Council of State. No other
changes or improvements.

The movement of population was as follows for the year ending
November 30, 1905:

The Colored Blind,

Boys. Girls. TotaL
Number of children on the roll November

30, 1904 27 54 81

Admitted during the year. 7 10 17

Finished the course

Discharged, voluntarily stayed away. ... 4 12 16

Died 1 1

Whole number on the roll during the year 34 64 98

Remaining on the roll November 30, 1905 30 52 82

Daily average attendance 28 50 78

Colored Deaf.

Boys. Girls. TotaL
Number on the roll November 30, 1904.. 55 40 95
Admitted during the year ending Novem-
ber 30, 1905 9 9 18

Finished the course

Discharged, mostly voluntarily 16 16 32


Whole number on the roll during the year 64 49 113

Number on the roll November 30, 1905.. 48 33 81

Average daily attendance 50 35 85

There was an epidemic of smallpox of mild type last spring; cases
treated at the county pest-house. Health very good at present.

No changes in the courses taught. The literary course extends from
primary to grammar grade. In industrial work the pupils learn car-
pentry, broom and mattress making, cane-seating, shoemaking, farm-
ing, dairying, gardening; and the girls cooking, sewing, fancy-work, and

There is no infirmary for infectious or contagious diseases. Sepa-
rate rooms for ordinary cases of sickness.

No applications refused for want of room. Those refused were under
age or feeble-minded. There is less need of a compulsory attendance
law for the colored than the whites; the colored are more easily reached.
There are not more than 25 or 30 of school age who are not in school.
Have never had a pay pupil in this department. For recreation there
are walks for the blind and games for the deaf. Daily chapel exercises
are held and Sunday lecture and Sunday-school for the deaf. The
library has 1,000 books for the blind and 500 for the deaf. The pupils
return to their homes during the summer, traveling expenses being
defrayed by parents or counties.

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Board of Public Charities. 23

The accounts of the two departments are not kept entirely separate.
No indebtedness. Per capita cost of maintenance, as nearly as can be
estimated, about $175.

Fire-extinguishers in the building. Fire protection and fire-escapes
are necessary. The buildings of this department are in serious need of
new roofs, and general repairs should be made. Means of isolation in
sickness urgent.

Of the admissions, the tables of cause and ages are as follows:

Deaf: Congenital, 6; became deaf at 7 months, 2; at one year, 3;
three years, 2. Causes: Scarlet fever, 1; pneumonia, 1; rising in the
head, 2; fall, 1; malarial fever, 1; meningitis, 1; typhoid fever, 1. Age
of admission: At 7 years, 6; 8 years, 3; 9 years, 2; at 11 years, 1;
at 13 years, 1; at 16 years, 1.

Blind: Congenital, 1; became blind at 5 years, 2; 8 years, 1; 9
years, 2; 10 years, 2; 14 years, 2; 15 years, 1; 16 years, 1; 11 months,
1. Causes: Scrofula, 5; measles, 1; specific iritis, 1; cataract, 1. Ad-
mitted at 9 years, 1; at 10 years, 1; 11 years, 2; 12 years, 1; 14 years,
3; 16 years, 1; 17 years, 1; 18 years, 1; 19 years, 1; 20 years, 1.

Pay-roll herewith furnished. , ^ ,>

^ John E. Ray,

' Superintendent,


Pbof. E. McK. Goodwin, Principal. Morganton, N. C.

During the last year we have built macadam roads and walks and
made general repairs. Special appropriation, $5,000.
The movement of population has been as follows:

Boys. Girls. Total.
Number of children on the roll November

30,1904 127 114 241

Admitted during the year ending Novem-
ber 30, 1905 11 10 21

Finished the course 1 1

Otherwise discharged 5 2 7

Died . .

Number on the roll November 30, 1905.. 117 111 228*

Whole number on the roll during the year 140 124 264

There has been no serious accident. One case of scarlet fever. The
general health of the children excellent.

No children have been refused for lack of room. A number of feeble-
minded have been refused. There are probably 500 feeble-minded in the
State. About 175 deaf children in the State of school age who ought to
be in the institution, but are not present: some have refused to come
and others have not applied. Primary handicraft has been added for
small boys. No other change in the courses taught. In industrial work

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Annuai. Report of the

the following trades are taught: Carpentry, shoemakin^, printii|,l
farming and gardening for the boys; sewing, dressmaking, cooking, aK|
general housework for the girls.

Of the 21 children received, 7 were congenital cases; other case«
caused by brain fever, 3; rising in the ear, 3; typhoid fever, 1; menin
gitis, 1 ; la grippe, 1 ; unknown, 5.

For recreation, outdoor games for the boys and numerous indoor
games for the girls and boys. A party once a month under the supervi-
sion of the teacher. Sunday-school International Lessons, and lecture
every Sunday by Superintendent and gentlemen teachers. Ministers
preach occasionally.

The receipts have been $56,053.97

Disbursements 56,053.97

Outstanding indebtedness $4,410.34. The actual per capita cost is
$155 for maintenance, not including fixtures and improvements. Xon-
indigent furnish railroad fare, clothes, and books. Counties pay for
these for the indigent. Four pay scholars. For fire protection we
carry one-eighth million gallons of water in the reservoir; fire-pump
and standard hydrants; extinguishers. We carried $62,000 insurance
previous to this year. About $100,000 now. Pupils return to their
homes during the summer. We need a gymnasium and improvements
for the industrial department.

Pay-roll furnished herewith. E. McK. Goodwix,



Col. W. J. Hicks, Superintendent. Oxford, N. C.

The fiscal year closes October 31. The following is a table of the
movement of population from October 31, 1904, to October 31, 1905:

Boys. Girls. Total.

Children on the roll November 1, 1904.. 140 126 266

Admitted during the year 30 37 67

, Readmitted 2 3 5

From the roll during the year 37 35 72

On the roll November 1, 1905 135 131 226

Boys. Girls. Total.

Went to own people 21 14 35

To other approved homes 13 16 29

To positions on salary 2 . . 2

To school (past age of discharge) 1 1

Kan away 2 2

Died 1 2 3


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BoAifcD OF Public Charities. 25

One hundred and fifty of each sex can now be comfortably cared for;
more could be provided for, but we become more convinced that great
caution should be exercised not to overcrowd the institution. No appli-
cations for admission have been declined for lack of room, but eleven
found ineligible. Eleven applications now on file and referred to the
Executive Committee of the Board of Directors. In July and August
there was an epidemic of measles brought in by a boy received on June
24th. No child died of measles, but two little boys died of dysentery
following measles, and one little girl succumbed to paralysis following
the only case of diphtheria in the institution. Apart from the epidemic
of measles, the general health of the children has been remarkably good
and the physical growth of many children marked.

The school has eight grades. The curriculum is on a par with the
public schools in the larger towns. The three primary grades are in
school morning and afternoon sessions. The grades above the primary
are in school half a day and the other half is occupied in some one of
the industrial departments.

The kitchen, dining-room, laundry, sewing-rooms, hospital, and the
cottages afford the largest opportunity for the industrial training of
the girls. The farm, dairy, shoe-shop, wood-working shop, printing
office, and the Oxford Furniture Factory are brought into requisition in
the industrial training of the boys. Regular sloyd is not taught, but a
course in manual work in connection with the school is in charge of
our lady supervisor. There is no regular system of paying the children
for services rendered above the usual work required. Some receive
small amounts for work done and as rewards for faithful service. The
cottage teachers are the trustees of any funds the boys and girls may

The institution has two fire hydrants near the main buildings and 400
feet of ho«e. Wlater is pumped from the deep well to a tank on the top
of the building *and to a tank near the kitchen. Arrangements are
being made to connect with the Oxford water system, and this will add
greatly to the water pressure. Reducers have been ordered which will
enable the Oxford Fire Department to connect its hose with the hose
at the institution or the hydrants. The cottage homes are only two
stories and of easy exit. The property is insured. There is a very good
system of sewerage.

Our former children are now in school as follows: Three girls at
the State Normal; three at the Oxford Seminary; one at the Chowan
Female Institute; one boy at each of the following institutions: Trin-
ity Park School, Trinity College, Cary High School, Agricultural and
Mechanical College, Wake Forest College. The Orphanage is only respon-
sible for the clothing and books of the five girls away from us who are
under the age of discharge; for the clothing and laundry of one girl
under eighteen; three girls remain in our care at the Orphanage and
are day pupils at the Oxford Seminary. The girls at the Normal,
Oxford Seminary, etc., are aided by the Mocksville picnic fund, and

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26 Annual Ejepoet of the

the Royal Arch Masons. The majority of the boys and girls are par-
tially defraying their expenses by their work. First of all, the insti-
tution is a home for the homeless, though we try to make the school and
industrial training thorough. Our Board of Directors has authorized
the employment of a field worker, a part of whose duty will be in con-
nection with placing and supervising children in homes. Fully 90 per
cent, of the applications for children last year were not accepted. We
try to make our system more thorough, and we do not place children
until we have the strongest assurance that we are thereby acting for
the interest of the child. We exercise a supervision of the children in
homes by correspondence, reports from asylum committees, and some-
times personal visits.

The permanent improvements have been the fitting up of apartments
for about thirty children in the main building; the construction of a
two-story porch around both ends of this building; equipping it with a
much-needed elevator to the fourth floor where the clothing storage-
rooms are located; the inclosure of the property on the farm and the
wood- working shop by a high wire fence; the instalment of electric
lights, which will lessen the fire hazard. Total cost of these and minor
improvements, $4,400. Net maintenance and school accounts, $19,900.96.
It is a Masonic institution, but receives $10,000 from the State annually,
and the State is represented on the Board of Directors.

Accounts of the various departments and the pay-roll furnished here-

Taking into the estimate the annual inventories, which in the nature
of the case are not very accurate, the per capita cost of maintenance
and schooling above the earnings of the institution, and the donations in
kind, is approximately $67.70. ^ , HirKS


Rev. R. Shepard, Superintendent. Raleigh, N. C.

Improvements have been the purchase of 15 acres of woodland adjoin-
ing the Orphanage, a steam-engine for wood-sawing, primary school room
enlarged, with clothes and bathroom added, greatly increasing the com-
fort of the children.

The following is a table of the movement of population:

Boys. Girls. TotoL
Number of children in charge November

30,1904 51 61 112

Admitted during the year ending Novem-
ber 30, 1905 27

Become self-supporting 6 3 9

Partially self-supporting . . 11

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BoAitD OF Public Charities. 27

Whole number in charge durmg the year

1905 121

Number on the roll November 30, 1905.. .. .. 110

The buildings will accommodate 66 boys and 76 girls. Twenty-five
applications declined for want of means of support, over age of admis-
sion, or feeble-minded, or not sound in body.
No deaths. Slight epidemic of chicken-pox.

The work of the farm, laundry, kitchen, sewing-room, and general
housework is done by the children.

Primary, intermediate, and grammar departments. Six of the chil-
dren are in higher schools, as follows: One at Shaw. University,
Raleigh; two at the Henderson Normal Institute; one at Scotia Semi-
nary, Concord; one at St. Augustine School, Raleigh, and one at Lin-
coln Academy, Kings Mountain.

There is a system of paying the children for overwork in order to
teach them the use and responsibility of money. No sewerage. Excreta
composted. One fire-extinguisher on the premises; no fire-escapes.
Buildings are insured.

Receipts $9,-545.73

Disbursements 9,288.82

Balance $ 256.91

Self-support made by the institution, about 12^ per cent. Per capita
cost per annum, $60. Pay-roll furnished herewith.

There is a system of placing out children and supervising them.

The needs of the institution are: Brick buildings to replace the
frame ones now in use and more funds for general support.

The present officers of the Board of Directors are: Rev. R. Shepard,
president and treasurer; Rev. M. C Ransom, secretary.

We have asked the Governor to appoint three white directors on the
part of the State. r, Shepard,



(Inspected by Commissioner Carey J. Hunter and the Secretary. Found
in excellent condition).

Oapt. R. H. Brooks, Superintendent. Ratj:igh, N. C.

During 1905 twenty new rooms have been added to the dormitory, new
roof to four of the cottages, and otherwise improving them, at a cost of
about $1,500. This will increase the accommodation to 25 or 30 more
than are now present. Quite a number have been refused for want of
room. Thirty-five applications now on file.

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28 Annual. Eepoet of the

There have been no changes in the government or domestic arrange-
ments during the year.

The following is a table of the movement of population for the year
ending November 30, 1905:

Number of inmates on the roll November 30, 1904 110

Admitted during the year ending November 30, 1905 44

Whole number on the roll 165

Discharged i 20

Died 20

Absent on furlough 22

Number on the roll November 30, 1905 126

Percentage of mortality upon the number in charge was 12 per cent.

The average number of patients in the Hospital is 30. Now present,
27. Three nurses in attendance. In the cottage for tuberculous patients,
6. The general health of the inmates has been a little above the average.

The annual appropriation is $15,000 for maintenance and a special
appropriation of $5,000 for increased accommodations, $3,000 to be
available in 1905 and $2,000 in 1906.

Two hundred dollars has been received from the Daughters of the
Confederacy during the year.

Five hydrants in the yard of the Home for fire protection, and a fire-
escape from the second story of the new dormitory. The library has
600 volumes. Newspapers and periodicals are received. No fund for
this purpose. No regular chaplain, but the different ministers of the

Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Dept. of Social ServicesBiennial report → online text (page 2 of 29)