North Carolina. Property Tax System Study Committe.

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ment of Spokane from a population of one or two hundred to the
leading city of the Inland Empire and one of the most prominent
cities of the Pacific coast. Many of the imposing buildings which
were destroyed by the fire of 1889 were designed by him and erected
under his supervision. Since this he has made plans and specifica-
tions for a large number of the finest business blocks and residences
and other buildings in this city and eastern Washington. In 1893
he admitted J. A. Zittel to a partnership and they also employed
an assistant. Mr. Preusse has devoted the efforts of a lifetime to
the study and practice of his chosen jjrofession and as a natural re-
sult of such concentration he is in the front rank among the architects
of the state. Economy, practicability, utility and beauty all enter
into his work and whether following a unique style or building ac-
cording to modern construction, comfort and convenience are al-
ways matters of consideration in his plans. As he has prospered in
his undertakings he has made judicious investment in farm property,
for agriculture and horticulture have always been matters of in-
terest to him. He has owned four farms, each of which contained
one hundred and sixty acres, and under his supervision these have
been highly improved. This, however, has been but a side issue or
interest in his life, for he has devoted himself almost entirely to the
practice of his profession. Among some of the best known buildings
which he has designed are the Auditorium block, the Jamieson block,
Blalock building, Fernwell block, Granite building, Ziegler building,
Victoria Hotel, Hotel Pacific and many other structures. He de-
signed the first permanent buildings of Gonzaga College and the
School of Science of Pullman. In fact, the starting of the latter in-
stitution was due entirely to his efforts.

Mr. Preusse has been twice married. While a resident of Ster-
ling, Kansas, he wedded Miss Rosa Cole, a native of Pennsylvania,
who died in Spokane, April 17, 1897. leaving four children, namely:
Olga May and Florence Augusta who were educated in an eastern
university; Carl Victor; and Arnold Bismarck. Mr. Preusse believes
in educating Ms children well and expects to give them every pos-
sible advantage in that direction. On the 3d of October, 1910, he was
married to Mrs. Emma (Keller) Wilke, a daughter of Dr. S. and
Marie (Wingender) Keller, who came from Germany at an early
age and settled in Wisconsin. Her father, however, is now a re-

fttcman $vtuite > 6i

tired physician of Spokane and her mother died nearly thirty years
ago. Mrs. Preusse has two brothers, and one sister, who are num-
bered among the pioneers of this region. Socially Mr. Preusse is
affiliated with the Knights of Pythias and the Elks and he is a pub-
lic-spirited citizen who takes a commendable interest in every enter-
prise for the promotion of the general welfare but is especially in-
terested in educational matters.



3 ultus; a. Htttel

ULIUS A. ZITTEL, a Spokane architect, whose
developing powers have brought him to a position
where recognized skill and ability place him with the
foremost representatives of his profession in the
Inland Empire, is now a member of the firm of Zit-
tel & Rigg and has followed his chosen calling in this
city since 1887. The name indicates his German birth and nativity,
his natal year being 1869. He was thirteen years of age when he
crossed the Atlantic to America, residing for a time in Chicago, where
he studied architecture in a large office of that city until he came to
Spokane. He was about eighteen years of age when, in 1887, he
arrived in Washington and secured employment with H. Preusse,
who was already established as a leading architect of this city. For
six years he continued in the office and the recognition of his con-
stantly increasing ability led to his admission to a partnership in 1893,
and they continued in business under the firm style of Preusse &
Zittel until 1910. In the intervening period of eighteen years they
designed and superintended the construction of many of the fin-
est buildings in Spokane, including the Gonzaga College and the
Victor block. They were also the architects who designed the new
city hall, St. Aloysius Catholic church and the Carnegie Library build-
ing. Mr. Zittel, moreover, is connected with the building interests of
the city as vice president of the Citizens Building & Loan Association.
He has been a close student of his profession and is thoroughly famil-
iar with the great scientific principles which underlie his work, while
in design and execution the work embodies many of the most artistic-

In 1889 occurred the marriage of Mr. Zittel and Miss Alice
Shanks, a daughter of Robert and Marion Shanks, both pioneers of
the county. They have one child. Eunice I. M., born in 1893, who is
attending school. Their acquaintance in Spokane is a wide one and
their circle of friends is almost coextensive therewith. Mr. Zittel pos-
sesses many of the sterling characteristics of the German race, includ-
ing the thoroughness and perseverance as well as artistic temperament
which have made the Teutonic people an important element of
progress in various parts of the world.

iWajor fames iffl. Armstrong

^^POKANE is a monument to the business ability and
enterprise of such men as Major James M. Arm-
strong, who came to this city in 1883 when its pro-
portions were those of a village. He recognized,
however, the possibilities for growth and develop-
ment here and became a prominent factor in business
circles, active in the management of business affairs which have con-
stituted important elements in public progress.

He was born in Washington, Washington county, Pennsylvania,
April 23, 1844, a son of David and Letitia Armstrong, who were
also natives of that place. When a little lad of six years he accom-
panied his parents on their removal to Louisville, Kentucky, and six
years later the family went to Washington, Iowa. It is a notable
fact that much of Major Armstrong's life was spent in communities
named in honor of the "father of his country," for he was born in
Washington, Pennsylvania, lived for a time in Washington, Iowa,
and Washington, D. C, and afterward became a resident of the state
of Washington.

Following the outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted on the 28th
of July, 1861, as a private of Company K, Thirteenth Iowa Volunteer
Infantry, and served in the Army of the Tennessee for three years,
participating in many hard fought campaigns and engagements, in-
cluding the battle of Shiloh, the siege and battle of Corinth and the
siege of Vicksburg. He also took part in the battles of Marietta,
Peach Tree Creek and Atlanta, and in the last named sustained a
gun-shot wound in the left leg, which necessitated the amputation of
that member, so that he was honorably discharged for disability on
the 21st of July, 1864. He left Iowa in 1867. going to Washington,
D. C, where he occupied a clerical position in the census office of the
department of the interior and also acted as chief clerk in the land
office. While thus engaged he entered upon the study of law in the
Columbia Law School and was graduated with the class of 1871.

The year 1880 witnessed the arrival of Major Armstrong in this
state. On the 20th of April he was appointed by President Hayes

272 jflajot %amt6 ill. 'Mtmattong

to the position of register of the laud office at Colfax and came to
Spokane on the transference of the office to this city in September,
1883. He held that position until 188.5, after which he engaged in
the general practice of law for four years, but was again called to
public office in October, 1889, when elected county clerk. He ably
discharged the duties of that position for four years and then served
as deputy until 1895, when he resigned to become treasurer of the
LeRoi Mining Company, which he had aided in incorporating in
1890. At the time the mine was sold in 1898 he was treasurer of the
company and a heavy stockholder. He was also interested in the
Sullivan group and was president of the Wonderful and other min-
ing properties and vice president of the Miller Creek group and of
the Gem. His investments in mining property brought him splendid
returns and he also became interested in city property in Spokane,
being half owner of the Hyde block and owner of a fine residence
on the north side. He became one of the most prominent residents
of tliis city and took high rank among the men whose enterprise and
business ability developed and built up Spokane and the surrounding
mining region — the great source of its wealth and prosperity.

On the 11th of June. 1873, in Washington, D. C, Major Arm-
strong was united in marriage to Miss Lida B. Murphy, a native of
Philadelphia and a daughter of Charles and Margaret E. Murphy,
the former a descendant of one of the prominent early English fam-
ilies of this country. Her father was at one time a resident of New
Jersey and afterward of Philadelphia, becoming an editor of that
city and later a prominent lawyer. Unto Major and Mrs. Armstrong
was born a daughter. May Edith, who was born April 17. 1880, and
is now the wife of Donald Kizer, a practicing attorney of Spokane.
They have one daughter, Edith Lida Kizer.

During the last five years of his life Major Armstrong was an
invalid, compelled to spend much of his time within doors, but he
was a great reader and his books and the companionship of his wife
and daughter made the hours pass pleasantly. His political alle-
giance was given to the republican party and he was always regarded
as a public-spirited man for it was known that his aid was never with-
held from all practical public projects and movements. He died
September 10, 1909, after a residence of twenty-six years in the
northwest. He was determined and energetic and his resolute spirit
enabled him to cany forward to successful completion whatever lie
undertook. Socially he was known as a prominent member of the
Grand Army of the Republic, becoming a charter member of John

jffajor 3&mts jtl. Armstrong


L. Reno Post, of this city, and he was also
lowed the accumulation of wealth to in any
toward those less fortunate and was always wi

Elk. He never al-
way affect his relations
llingto extend a helping
hand where aid was needed. In the years of his active career he was
a strong man in his ability to plan and perform and always equally
so in his honor and good name.





fton. J ante* Allien ^erfetng

JIGH political honors might have been won by James

Hgs-i Allen Perkins had his ambition centered along that
r£j line, but he has preferred to utilize the opportunities
w% offered in business and gain his success in the de-
velopment and conduct of projects which have con-
tributed to general prosperity as well as to individ-
ual success. The consensus of public opinion names him as one of the
most useful, representative and honored residents of Colfax and
Whitman county and because of this his life history cannot fail to
prove of interest to many of the readers of this volume.

Illinois claims Mr. Perkins as a native son, his birth having oc-
curred in Belle Plaine, Marshall county, September 7, 1841. His
parents were Joel B. and Margaret (Burt) Perkins, who were among
the earliest settlers on the Pacific coast, having crossed the plains
with an ox team in 1832. They settled in the vicinity of Oregon
City in the Willamette valley and subsequently became residents of
Benton comity, Oregon, where they remained until 1861. That
year witnessed their arrival in Washington, taking up their abode
in Walla Walla county, where the father purchased a tract of land
adjoining the present town of Waitsburg. His energies were there
devoted to the development and improvement of a good farm and
the work of reclaiming the wild land was further advanced through
the efforts of James Allen Perkins, who took up a preemption claim
adjoining his father's place. However, he afterward sold his right
to that property and purchased the tract upon which the town of
Huntsville now stands. In July, 1870, Mr. Perkins and Thomas J.
Smith, who was elected state senator from Whitman county upon
the admission of the state, settled on the land at the junction of the
north and south branches of the Palouse river, agreeing between
themselves as to boundaries, for the United States survey had not
then been made. After they had together put up thirty tons of
wild hay and had taken to their land the materials necessary for
building their houses, Mr. Smith withdrew, leaving Mr. Perkins with
no other company than his employes. However, the warm personal
friendship formed between the two men years ago has always been


278 %on. Sfameg gUen igerfetng

maintained and Mr. Perkins afterward secured a neighbor in H. S.
Hollingsworth, who in the spring located on the land vacated by Mr.
Smith. The two soon afterward began the erection of the first saw-
mill in the region north of the Snake river, east of the Columbia and
west of the Rocky mountains, and in various other ways took active
part in the development of the district, both along material and po-
litical lines.

When an act of the territorial legislature organized Whitman
county during the winter of 1871-2, Mr. Perkins was appointed one
of the commissioners to locate the county seat. Colfax, for the town
had even then been platted and named, was the location chosen, and
the decision of the commissioners was sustained by the voters at the
next regular election. Mr. Perkins had for some time been recog-
nized as a leading and forceful factor in community affairs and in
1870 had received an offer from Superintendent Ross, at Fort Sim-
coe, to look after Indian matters in the Yakima country. He had
declined the position, however, preferring to cast in his lot with the
town which was just springing into existence on his land. His de-
cision was fortunate for the little city as well as for himself, as since
that date he has proven a most active and prominent factor in the
work of general progress and improvement. His capital has been
given freely toward its upbuilding and all of his activities have proven
elements in its growth and advancement. Specific proof of the
value of his labors is found in the fact that he was one of the incor-
porators of the Washington & Idaho Railroad, which has had an im-
measurable effect upon the development of the agricultural and
mineral resources of the two states whose names it bears. He turned
his attention to the field of banking when in 1881 he purchased from
C. C. Linnington the Bank of Colfax, remaining sole proprietor
thereof until 1886, in which year A. L. Mills was admitted to part-
nership. Four years passed and O. E. Williams then became the
partner of Mr. Perkins and the successor of Mr. Mills. The bank
has always been conducted on safe, conservative lines and has consti-
tuted a potent force in the financial stability of this section. Mr.
Perkins has also operated quite extensively in real estate as local
agent for the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company and the
Northern Pacific Railway Company, representing the latter since it
has placed its land on the market.

Mr. Perkins was married in Whitman county, in 1873, to Miss
Jennie Ewart, daughter of Captain James Ewart. Mr. and Mrs.
Perkins are parents of four children, namely: Minnie B., who in

%on. 3Tameg &Qen $erfetn*


November, 1899, married L. L. Tower, a mining engineer, residing
at Northport, Washington; Myrtle M., who in June, 1896, became
the wife of Charles E. Scriber, cashier of the Second National Bank
of Colfax; Stella, who is the wife of N. B. McDowell and lives in
Spokane; and Sumner E. The three daughters were all educated
at Mills Seminary in Oakland, California.

Mr. Perkins delivered the first Fourth of July address which was
ever held in Spokane, in 1874, to an audience which was composed
of people living within a radius of fifty to sixty miles from Spokane,
which at that time numbered only seven families as its inhabitants.
After the address a prominent lady stepped up to him and remarked :
"Mr. Perkins, I wish I had tbe faith that you must have to enable
you to paint so vivid a word picture of the great future that lays be-
fore Spokane." Mr. Perkins now tells his friends that the predic-
tions he made in 1874 have been realized in the Spokane of today.
Even two years before this event, in 1872, Mr. Perkins was called
upon to address an audience on the same day in Colfax.

With all of the varied activities of home and business life, Mr.
Perkins has never been neglectful of his duties and obligations of
citizenship and has been a close and thorough student of the political
signs of the times. His influence and efforts have extended beyond
city and county into state politics and his opinions have long carried
weight in republican councils. In the session of 1879 he represented
Whitman county in the territorial legislature, and public approval
of his course would undoubtedly have been given him in a reelection
had he not declined to again stand for office. He has been a delegate
to territorial conventions, chairman of the republican county central
committee, a member of the territorial committee and was one of the
members of the first town council of Colfax. The appreciation of
his fellow townsmen for his worth, ability and progressive citizen-
ship is indicated by tbe fact that he has four times been chosen for
mayor of Colfax and once without an opposing vote. He was an
alternate delegate to the national convention which nominated James
A. Garfield for the presidency and in 1892 was a delegate at large
to the national republican convention which met at Minneapolis. In
August of that year Mr. Perkins was strongly urged by many to
allow his name to be used in connection with the candidacy for gov-
ernor but he steadily refused. Many believe that he would have re-
ceived the nomination had he cared for it, and a nomination at that
time would have been equivalent to an election. Again his friends
urged him to become a candidate for the position of United States


5?on. James 3Uen -Perkins*

senator in 1893, but he would not consent as long as Hon. J. B. Allen
was before the legislature as a candidate. His ambition has not been
in the line of office seeking and yet no man is more mindful of his
duties of citizenship nor labors more earnestly and effectively to
promote public progress. Every phase of his public as well as of
his private life is above reproach and even those who hold adverse
political opinions have naught to say against the man. He is natu-
rally courteous and cordial and these qualities have won him friends
wherever he is known, and the fact that those who have known him
longest are his warmest friends is an indication of an honorable and
well spent life.


jf rank HL. JttcCollougf)

[HE part which Frank T. McCollough has taken in
the upbuilding of Spokane deserves mention in the
history of this city, for he was prominently con-
nected with James Hill, the railroad magnate, and
his interests, having charge of the donations and
money which secured the right-of-way for the Great
Northern Railroad through the city. In the real-estate field his
operations have also been notable for he has platted and put upon
the market some valuable additions and has also taken an active part
in the social life of the city. Mr. McCollough was born August 30,
1868, in Flora, Illinois, and was one of the six children of W. G.
and Orinda J. (Notestine) McCollough. The former was born in
Mansfield, Ohio, and is of Scotch descent, his ancestors having been
numbered among the early New England settlers whose arrival in
America antedated the Revolutionary war. W. G. McCollough
became a soldier of the Mexican war and during his business life
was largely connected with railroad interests. His wife, who was
born in Pennsylvania, was the daughter of a Civil war veteran who
served as captain of an Ohio company. She, too, belongs to a
family that was represented in the war for independence and she
comes of German lineage. She is now living in Illinois but her hus-
band passed away in 1896. The two daughters of the family are:
Ella, the wife of W. S. Glover, in railroad service in Illinois; and
Tinnie, who is the widow of J. C. Condit, and resides in Beardstown,

Frank T. McCollough was educated in the public schools of his
native state and at a very early age started out in life, becoming tele-
graph operator when a boy of twelve years. He served at different
places between Vincennes, Indiana, and St. Louis, Missouri, and
worked his way upward through various promotions until at the
age of eighteen years he was filling the responsible position of train
dispatcher. In 1889 he came to Spokane to enter the Washington
Savings Bank but about that time the memorable fire occurred and
destroyed the plans of the institution. He then entered the Spokane
National Bank but in 1890 withdrew to form a partnership with L.

284 jfranfe ®. jffiltCoOough

C. Dillman, in the real-estate business under the firm name of L. C.
Dillman & Company, which connection was continued until 1897.
At all times he watched with interest the progress of events and the
trend of the times, having faith in the future of this section and sup-
porting its interests with enthusiasm. In the meantime the Hill roads
were being instituted in this district and Mr. Hill came to Spokane,
the city giving him the right-of-way for five miles through its ter-
ritory, the property being valued at that time from a half to three-
quarters of a million dollars. A citizens' committee made Mr. Mc-
Collough its secretary and as such he had charge of the money and
donations and also of securing the right-of-way through the city.
At that time the overland train tonnage was four hundred and eighty-
three and Mr. Hill stated that he would have engines to haul twelve
hundred tons or more. This seemed an increditable statement at
the time but with his characteristic foresight the railroad magnate
saw far into the future and now has engines hauling trains of eight-
een hundred tons. It was in 1896 that Mr. Hill was in Spokane,
at which time he made his headquarters at Mr. McCollough's office.
The latter continued in the real-estate business until 1898 and his
efforts proved an important factor in the development of this city.
He put upon the market the River Front addition and Cliff Park
addition, and in the former sold in eight months property to the
value of seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars. He then pur-
chased from the Northern Pacific Railroad the Cliff Park addition
and began its development. His firm paid a subscription of fifty-
five thousand dollars for the cable railroad to that addition. It was
a part of the Spokane street railway system and is now owned by the
Washington Water Power Company. Henry L. Wilson, now
United States Ambassador to Mexico, was chairman and Mr. Mc-
Collough a member of the committee which secured one thousand
acres for a post site, and Daniel Lamont, then secretary of war, de-
clared when he came to Spokane that it was the most beautiful site
for an army post in the United States, outside of West Point. In
1898 Mr. McCollough turned his attention to the laundry business
in which he has since been engaged, organizing the Crystal Laundry
Company of which he is the secretary and treasurer. They conduct
the largest laundry business in this city and have in connection there-
with a dry-cleaning plant. Their business is located on the Spokane
river and their plant represents an outlay of over one hundred and
fifty thousand dollars, comparing most favorably with many of the
best laundries of the larger cities. D. R. McClure is the president

Jfranfe H. iflcCotlougf)


of the firm but Mr. McCollough as secretary and treasurer is in a
large measure managing the business. For many years he has been
affiliated with the Old National Bank as a stockholder and is one of
the owners of the Old National Bank building and a stockholder in
the Union Trust Company and the Union Surety Company.

Mr. McCollough's activity in club and social circles has made
him very widely known and has been the means of winning for him
a very large circle of warm friends. He is a charter member of the
Country Club which was organized with a small membership and held
its meetings in a club house at Liberty Park. He was serving as
president of the club when the traction company opened its addition

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Online LibraryNorth Carolina. Property Tax System Study CommitteSpokane and the Spokane country : pictorial and biographical : deluxe supplement (Volume 1) → online text (page 14 of 16)