highway safety are particularly praiseworthy. We promise to press
the fight to make our highways safe for travel, not by penal
methods but by careful supervision of the traveling public and
by education in the methods of safe driving.
A prosperous agriculture is essential to a prosperous economy
in North Carolina. More than a third of our people look directly
to farming for their livelihoods. The state's gross farm income
last year was approximately $900,000,000 which bore its just share
of the cost of local and state government.
The attitude of the Democratic state government toward agricul-
ture has been enlightened and its services have been of incalculable
136 North Carolina Manual
value. The State Department of Agriculture is one of the most
efficient and progressive in the nation. Other state agencies con-
cerned with agricultural progress in its many aspects are render-
ing the most beneficial service.
While much has been accomplished, more remains to be done
to increase the farm income of the state and to bring added con-
veniences to the rural population. Better schools, the extension
of rural electrification, better secondary roads, an expansion of
agricultural research, no state tax on land вАФ all these are essential
parts of a program looking to continued agricultural advance in
North Carolina. To such a program the Democratic party pledges
its earnest and ett'ective support.
North Carolina has been a leader in the field of public welfare
since the inclusion in its Constitution 80 years ago of a mandate
for "beneficient provision for the poor, the unfortunate and the
orphan." Through years of economic uncertainty and of interna-
tional stress the state has made steady progress toward meeting
this fundamental obligation.
We commend the record of the Democratic party in this respect
and urge that adequate provision be made for the needy aged, for
dependent and neglected children and for citizens dependent upon
public concern for financial assistance. We recognize that eco-
nomic needs is not limited to any special age groups and that the
state's responsibility covers all of its disadvantaged citizens.
Important as are the provisions for the necessities of everyday
living, North Carolina has also recognized the state's obligation
to provide a broad program of social services to alleviate in-
dividual and family problems. Even more important are those
measures designed to prevent social and economic problems.
For its work in helping to attain these goals we commend the
Commission to Study Domestic Relations Laws and urge the en-
actment of the legislative changes shown by its study to be neces-
sary to modernize and improve the state's statutes dealing with
family relationships and the protection of children.
North Carolina has one of the most efficent and progressive
state boards of health in the nation. Its achievements have at-
Democratic Platform 137
tracted nationwide attention and approval. There is no more im-
portant agency of the state government. We applaud its accom-
plishments and promise our fullest support of its objectives.
The Hospital and Medical Care Program gives promise of
achieving much in making hospital and medical care available to
peoples in all sections and all classes. We approve the appropria-
tions already made by the General Assembly and pledge our sup-
port to such additional appropriations as may be necessary to in-
sure the most complete functioning of this program.
The health of the children of North Carolina is the immediate
and inescapable concern of the state government. The place to
begin with any program designed to safeguard and to promote
the health of the state's children is in the public school. We
urge upon the 1949 General Assembly the wisdom of making such
appropriations as may be necessary to institute a broad school
The 1947 General Assembly authorized substantially increased
appropriations for the operation of the state's mental institutions
and for the enlargement of their facilities. The professional per-
sonnel at these hospitals has been increased. Accommodations for
850 additional patients have already been provided. Further ex-
pansion in facilities are planned. We commend the actions of
the General Assembly and the helpful interest of Governor Cherry.
We pledge our continued concern for the welfare of the mentally
ill and our increased support of our mental institutions.
During the past year North Carolina had few strikes and only
four of these work stoppages involved serious loss of production.
This record of industrial peace is all the more notable because
North Carolina ranks 12th among the states of the union in in-
dustrial development. It was made possible by the excellent rela-
tions between labor and management which prevail in North
Carolina and by the effective services rendered by the State De-
partment of Labor in settling industrial disputes through concilia-
tion, mediation and other amicable methods. The Democratic party
pledges its full support to its legitimate aspirations of labor,
138 North Carolina Manual
Conservation and Development
The successful efforts of the State Board of Conservation and
Development to attract new industries to North Carolina and to
encouia^e the establishment of locally owned and managed in-
dustries are especially deserving of commendation. This important
activity of the state government merits enlarged support.
We strongly endorse the department's publicity program. It is
being conducted with uncommon effectiveness. Money spent for
this purpose is yielding rich dividends in an expanding tourist
industry and in the attraction of new residents to the state.
Our forest resources are of inestimable value. They should be
conserved for productive uses. Present appropriations do not
enable the State Board of Conservation and Development to
provide the most inclusive and efficient forest fire protection. This
inadequacy should be corrected.
We commend the 1947 General Assembly for the statesmanship
which it displayed in making a substantial appropriation for the
development of the state park system. We pledge our continued
support of state parks as facilities which a truly enlightened
state should provide for its citizens.
The Wildlife Commission, created by the 1947 General Assembly,
in seeking to preserve the game and fish of our state, is making
splendid progress in that direction and should be commended for
the constructive program.
It is impossible in a relatively brief platform to rehearse all
of the accomplishments of the state government or to mention
the names of all of the state officials who are serving the state's
interests capably and honestly. The State of North Carolina is
a huge business with thousands of employees. Working together,
they are making a record in efficient government which calls for
the utmost praise.
For nearly a half century the Democratic party has been in
control of the state government of North Carolina. During that
long period of power and of responsibility, it has given to the
people of this state intelligent and honest government. Upon the
record which it has made and which is a part of the proud history
of the state, it invites the allegiance and the votes of the people
of North Carolina,
PLAN OF ORGANIZATION OF DEMOCRATIC PARTY
OF NORTH CAROLINA
State and District Committees
Section 1. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall con-
sist of nine men and nine women from each congressional district
in the State, who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of
delegates from the congressional districts, held on the morning of
the State Convention as provided in Section 29 hereof; provided,
however, that every county shall have at least one member on the
Sec. 2. As early as is practicable after each State convention,
the Chairman shall call the State Democratic Executive Committee
to meet for the purpose of electing a chairman and a vice chair-
man, one of whom shall be a woman, and each of whom shall serve
for a term of two years, and until his or her successor shall be
Sec. 3. The Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Com-
mittee, as early as practicable after his election shall appoint his
advisory or campaign committee, consisting of not less than five
nor more than twenty, and a secretary of the State Democratic
Sec. 4. The Congressional Democratic Executive Committee for
each congressional district in the State shall consist of two mem-
bers from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the
preliminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec-
tion 29 hereof; provided, however, that in any congressional dis-
trict embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist
of three members from each county in the district.
Sec. 5. The Judicial Democratic Executive Cominittee for each
judicial district in the State shall consist of two members from
each county in said district, who shall be elected at the preliminary
meetings of delegates from the congressional districts held on
the morning of the State Convention as provided by Section 29
hereof; provided, however that in any judicial district embracing
less than five counties, the committee shall consist of three mem-
bers from each county in the district.
140 North Carolina Manual
Sec. 5-A. The Solicitorial Democratic Executive Committee for
each solicitorial district in the State shall consist of two members
from each county in said district, who shall be elected at the pre-
liminary meetings of delegates from the congressional districts
held on the morning of the State Convention as provided by Sec-
tion 29 hereof; provided, however that in any solicitorial district
embracing less than five counties, the committee shall consist of
three members from each county in the district.
Sec. 6. The State Senatorial Executive Committee for each sena-
torial district in the State which comprises more than one county
shall consist of one member from each county in said district,
who shall be elected at the preliminary meetings of delegates from
the congressional districts held on the morning of the State Con-
vention as provided by Section 29 hereof. In districts composed of
only one county, the county democratic executive committee of
said county shall have jurisdiction as in the matter of county
Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the Chairman of the State Demo-
cratic Executive Committee, as soon as practicable after the State
Convention, to designate one member as chairman and one member
as secretary of each of the executive committees provided for in
each of the foregoing four sections. The State Chairman shall
notify the members so selected of their appointment, and in case
any member shall fail or decline to accept such appointment, he
shall appoint some other member in his stead.
Sec. 8. All democratic executive committees shall meet at such
times and places as the chairman of the respective committees may
appoint and designate in the call. If for any reason there should
occur a vacancy in the chairmanship of any executive committee,
or if such chairman should be incapacitated or should fail or refuse
to act, the secretary shall call a meeting of said executive com-
mittee for the purpose of electing a successor to the said chairman.
If no meeting shall be called within five days after such vacancy
occurs, then any other officer of said executive committee, or any
three members thereof, may call a meeting to fill said vacancy;
provided, however, if such vacancy shall be in a state senatorial
executive committee, in that event, any member thereof, after said
vacancy shall have existed for five days, may call a meeting to fill
Plan of Organization 141
Sec. 9. The State Democratic Executive Committee shall have
the powei- to fill all vacancies occurring in said committee; vacan-
cies occurring in congressional, judicial, and senatorial commit-
tees shall be filled by the executive committee of the county in
which such vacancies occur; precinct committees shall fill all va-
cancies occurring in their respective committee.
Sec. 10. All officers of the State Executive Committee and the
National Committeeman and the National Committeewoman from
the State and the President of the Young Democratic Clubs of the
State shall be ex-ofiicio members of the Committee with the power
Sec. 11. All executive committees shall have the power to ap-
point subcommittees or special committees for such purposes and
with such powers, in their respective jurisdictions, as may be
deemed necessary or desirable.
Sec. 12. In each election year the Chairman of the State Demo-
cratic Executive Committee shall convene said Committee in the
City of Raleigh on or before the 10th day of March, and at said
meeting the following business shall be transacted:
(a) The time and place of holding the State Convention shall be
determined and duly published.
(b) A common day shall be fixed, on which all precinct meet-
ings shall be held for the election of delegates to the county con-
(c) A common day shall be fixed for the holding of a county
convention in each county in the State for the purpose of electing
delegates to the State Convention.
Sec. 13. Immediately after the adjournment of the aforesaid
meeting of the State Democratic Executive Committee, it shall be
the duty of the chairman to publish the proceedings of the same,
and it shall be the duty of the secretax-y of the committee to notify,
in writing, the several chairmen of the county democratic execu-
tive committees in the State of the respective dates so fixed for
the holding of precinct meetings and county conventions. Directly
after receipt of such notice, it shall be the duty of each chairman
of a county democratic executive committee in the State to fix
the hour and places for holding the precinct meeting in his county,
the hour and places for holding the precinct meetings in his county,
hour and place for holding the meeting of the county democratic
142 North Carolina Manual
executive committee required by the provisions of Section 20 to
be held on the day of the county convention; and tliereupon the
said chairman shall issue a call for the precinct meetings, the
county convention, and the meeting of the county democratic
executive committee. The call shall be in w^riting and, at least ten
days before the day set for the precinct meetings, it shall be
posted at the courthouse door of the county and copies thereof
shall be sent to the chairman of all precinct committees in the
county; a copy of the call also shall be sent as a news item to
each newspaper published in the county.
County and Precinct Organization
Sec. 14. The unit of county organization shall be the voting
precinct. In each precinct there shall be an executive committee
consisting of five active Democrats, at least two of whom shall be
women, who shall be elected by the Democratic voters at the pre-
cinct meeting called by the chairman of the county democratic
executive committee as provided in this plan of organization. The
precinct committee so elected shall elect from its membership a
chairman and a vice chairman, one of whom shall be a woman.
Sec. 15. The precinct meetings shall be presided over by the
chairman of the precinct committee, but in his absence, the vice
chairman of the committee shall preside, and in the absence of
both the chairman and the vice chairman, any member of the com-
mittee may preside.
Sec. 16. At the said precinct meeting, the Democratic voters in
attendance shall elect delegates and alternates to represent the
precinct in the county convention ; and said delegates or alternates,
or such of them as shall attend the county convention, shall be
entitled to vote the full democratic strength of their precinct upon
all questions, nominations, or elections which may come before the
county convention. The chairman, or presiding officer, and the sec-
retary of the precinct meeting shall certify to the county conven-
tion the names of the delegates and alternates selected at the
Sec. 17. Each precinct shall be entitled to cast in the county
convention one vote for every 25 Democratic votes, and one vote
for fractions over 12 Democratic votes cast by the precinct for
Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election : provided
Plan of Organization 143
that every precinct shall be entitled to cast at least one vote in
the county convention, and each precinct may appoint as many
deleg-ates to said convention as it may see fit, not exceeding: three
delegates and three alternates for each vote to which said precinct
may be entitled in the county convention.
Sec. 18. At every precinct meeting, if requested, a vote shall be
taken on the different questions, nominations, and elections antici-
pated to come before the county convention, and in that event, the
chairman or presiding officer and the secretary of the precinct
meeting shall certify to the county convention the vote so cast,
and the relative vote as fixed in the precinct meeting shall not be
changed in the county convention, except by tw^o-thirds vote of the
entire unit of delegates desiring to change its vote.
Sec. 19. In case there shall be a failure to hold a precinct meet-
ing in pursuance of the call of the chairman of the county demo-
cratic executive committee, or if at any meeting thei'e shall be a
failure to elect delegates to the county convention, in either event,
the precinct democratic executive committee shall appoint the dele-
gates and alternates from the Democratic voters of the precinct.
Sec. 20. The chairman of the several precinct committees shall
compose the County Democratic Executive Committee, w^hich shall
meet on the same day as the county convention first held in each
election year, the meeting to be held either before or after the
convention at an hour and place to be designated in the call issued
in pursuance of Section 13 hereof. At said meeting a chairman
of said county executive committee shall be elected. Immediately
after the election of the chairman, the committee shall elect one or
more, but not exceeding three, vice chairmen, and also a secretary.
If more than one vice chairman shall be elected, the order of then-
succession shall be designated by title, e.g., first vice chairman,
second vice chairman, third vice chairman. Either the chairman
or the first vice chairman shall be a woman. The chairman, vice
chairman or vice chairmen, or secretary need not be members of
the County Democratic Executive Committee, but all of the said
officers shall be ex -officio members of the committee, with the power
to vote. If for any reason there should occur any vacancy in the
chairmanship of a county executive committee, by death, resigna-
tion, or removal, or if such chairman should be incapacitated or
should fail or refuse to act, then the vice chainnan or vice chair-
146 North Carolina Manual
men, in their order of succession, and thereafter the secretary,
shall, in such order of succession, be vested with the full authority
and power of the chairman until such time as said county executive
committee has met and duly elected a successor to such chairman.
A majority of said precinct chairmen, in person or by proxy in the
person of some active Democrat of the precinct in which an absent
chairman resides, shall constitute a quorum. The county executive
committee may appoint a central committee of five who shall act
in its stead when the county executive committee is not in session.
Sec. 21. In case there shall be a failure to elect any precinct
executive committee prior to the day of the county convention,
the county democratic executive committee at its meeting held on
the day of the said convention shall appoint the committee for such
Sec. 22. The county executive committee shall have power to
make any rules with regard to holding precinct meetings which it
may deem proper, not inconsistent with the rules prescribed in this
plan ; it shall be the duty of said committee to prepare and furnish
all forms and blanks needed in making the returns from said pre-
cinct meetings, and any reported challenges and appeals there-
from ; and it shall have the power to raise the funds necessary to
pay the expenses thereof.
Sec. 2.3. All county conventions shall be called to order by the
chairman of the executive committee of such county, and in his
absence, by the vice chairman or by one of the vice chairmen in
the order of succession set out in Section 20 hereof, and in his or
their absence, by any member of the county executive committee
who may be present at the convention, and in case none of the fore-
going persons shall be present then by any delegate to the conven-
tion, and he shall preside until a permanent chairman is elected
by the convention.
Sec. 24. The chairman shall provide the convention with a suf-
ficient number of secretaries or ready accountants, who shall re-
duce the votes to decimals and tabulate the same, disregarding all
fractions after the second or hundredth column.
Sec. 25. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the convention
from making nomination by viva voce or acclamation where a
vote by township or precinct is not demanded by any Democratic
Plan of Organization 147
Sec. 26. The county democratic executive committee shall have
the power to make such other rules and regulations for the holding
of county conventions not inconsistent herewith, as may be deemed
necessary or expedient.
Sec. 27. Any chairman of a county executive committee who
announces his candidacy for an elective office in the primary shall
resign immediately as such chairman and the vacancy shall be
filled as heretofore provided; but any chairman who shall so resign
may be reelected to such chairmanship if and when a vacancy
occurs after the primary.
State Convention Rules
Sec. 28. The state convention shall be composed of delegates ap-
pointed by the several county conventions. Each county in the
State shall be entitled to elect to the State convention one delegate
and one alternate for every 150 Democratic votes and one delegate
and one alternate for fractions over 75 Democratic votes cast
therein for Governor at the last preceding gubernatorial election.
Sec. 29. A preliminary meeting of the delegates shall be held
by each congressional district on the morning of the state conven-
tion, at rooms to be designated by the State Executive Committee,
for the purpose of selecting the following committees and ofiicers
of the convention:
1. One member of the committee on Resolutions and Platform.
2. One member of the committee on Permanent Organization,
Rules, and Order of Business, which committee will nominate a
permanent president and secretary of the convention.
3. One vice president of the convention.
4. One district assistant secretary.
5. One member of the committee on Credentials and Appeals.
6. Nine men and nine women as members of the State Demo-
cratic Executive Committee, with at least one member being se-
lected from each county.
7. Two members from each county for the congressional, judi-
cial, and solicitorial district democratic executive committees; pro-
vided, however, in districts embracing less than five counties, three
members of each said committee shall be elected from each county
in said district.
148 North Carolina Manual
8. One member for each county of the State Senatorial Execu-
tive Committee where the district embraces more than one county.
Sec. 30. Such delegates (or alternates of absent delegates) as
may be present at any democratic convention shall be allowed to
cast the whole vote to which their precinct or county may be
Sec. 31. In all conventions provided for by this plan, after a
vote is cast, there shall be no change in such vote until the final
lesult of the ballot shall be announced by the chairman of said
Sec. 32. The chairman of the different county conventions shall
certify the list of delegates and alternates to the State Conven-
tion, and a certified list of said delegates and alternates to the sec-
reary of the State Executive Committee.
Sec. 33. The secretary of the State Democratic Executive Com-
mittee shall make up a roll of all delegates and alternates from