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Caldwell E. F. Allen Lenoir

Caldwell James Farthing Lenoir

Iredell J. G. Lewis Statesville

Iredell D. E. Turner Mooresville

Rowan W. D. Kiziah Salisbury

Rowan Paul V. Phillips Salisbui-y

Stanly R. L. Brown, Jr Albemarle

Stanly J. B. Little Albemarle

Watauga Kidd Brewer Boone

Watauga Gorden Winkler Boone

Tenth District

Avery R. W. Wall Newland

Avery Mrs. Zelzah McCoury Senia

Burke T. Earl Franklin Morganton

Rurke A. P. Causby Morganton

Catawba E. T. Harrill Newton

Catawba E. C. Willis Hickory

Lincoln R. B. Nixon Lincolnton

Lincoln Bruce F. Heafner Lincolnton

Mecklenburg James Armstrong Charlotte

Mecklenburg Robert Lassiter Charlotte

Mitchell Edward Fortner Spruce Pine

Mitchell John B. Peterson Poplar

Eleventh District

Cleveland Mrs. Geo. Ray Shelby

Cleveland Max Dixon Shelby

Gaston F. H. Cunningham Gastonia

Gaston Miss Maida Adams Gastonia

Madison Judson Edwards Rt. 2, Mars Hill

Madison E. Y. Ponder Rt. 1, Marshall



1()2 North Carolina Manual



McDowell Grayson Neal Marion

McDowell J. C. Bowman Marion

Polk W. H. McDonald Tryon

Po!k Oliver Taylor Mill Spring

Rutherford Myles Haynes Cliffside

Rutherford Chas. Flack Forest City

Yancey Frank Howell Burnsville

Yancey W. E. Anslin Burnsville

Twelfth District

Buncombe C. W. Dermid Asheville

Buncombe Colvin G. White Asheville

Cherokee Frank Forsyth Murphy

Cherokee Frank Mehaffey Andrews

Clay T. C. Gray Hayesville

Clay Aubrey B> ers Hayesville

Graham L. W. Wilson Robbinsville

Graham F. S. Griffin Robbinsville

Haywood J. M. Queen Waynesville

Haywood Wayne McCracken Waynesville

Henderson Everett Moore Hendersonville

Henderson Dr. T. W. Sumner Hendersonville

Jackson Raljih Sutton Sylva

Jackson John Shepard Sylva

Macon J. J. Mann Franklin

Macon Jerry Franklin Franklin

Swain R. C. Wiggins Bryson City

Swain R. E. Breedlove Bryson City

Transylvania J. O. Wells Brevard

Transylvania Miss Thelma Galloway Brevard



State Committees, Democratic 163

State Democratic Judicial District Executive

Committees
1948

eastern division

First District

Beaufort J. B. Grimes Washington

Beaufort John Rodman Washington

Camden R. L. Whaley Camden

Camden R. L. Bray Belcross

Chowan R. C. Holland Edenton

Chowan John W. Graham Edenton

Currituck S. A. Walker Snowden

Currituck T. G. Griggs Point Harbor

Dare Martin Kellog Manteo .

Dare I. P. Davis Manteo

Gates '*"■ H. Rountree Sunbury

Gates Hubert Esson Gatesville

Hyde J. H. Jarvis Englehard

Hyde J. L. Simmons Fairfield

Pasquotank F. T. Horner Elizabeth City

Pasquotank J. K. Wilson, Jr Elizabeth City

Perquimans Walter Oakley, Jr Hertford

Perquimans Charles Johnson Hertford

Tyrrell C. R. Chaplin Columbia

Tyrrell George M. Kelly Columbia

Second District

Edgecombe Eugene Simmons Tarboro

Edgecombe Cameron Weeks Tarboro

Martin H. G. Horton Williamston

Martin Charles H. Manning Williamston

Nash J. N. Sills Nashville

Nash I. D. Thorp Rocky Mount

Washington Blount Rodman Plymouth

Washington E. L. Owens Plymouth

Wilson Walter Pittman Wilson

Wilson Mrs. Elizabeth Swindell Wilson

Third District

Bertie E. R. Tyler Roxobel

Bertie Mrs. Clara Maddrey Catling Windsor

Halifax W. B. Allsbrook, Jr Roanoke Rapids

Halifax Mrs. Charles R. Daniels Weldon

Hertford J. B. Burden Ahoskie

Hertford J. W. Copeland Ahoskie

Northampton W. H. S. Burgwyn Woodland

Northampton Buxton Midgett Jackson

Vance Irvin R. Watkins Henderson

Vance A. Waddell Gholson Henderson

Warren John M. Picot Littleton

Warren R. H. Bright Warrenton

Fourth District

Chatham Wade Paschal Silor City

Chatham Mrs. Ada Diggs Chapel Hill

Harnett F. H. Taylor Buie's Creek

Harnett M. O. Lee Lillington

Johnston Albert A. Corbett Wilson Mills

Johnston W. J. Hooks Kenly

Lee D. B. Teague Sanford

Lee Gabe Holmes Sanford

Wayne W. R. Allen Goldsboro



164 North Carolina Manual

Fifth District

Carteret A. L. Hamilton Morehead City

Craven John A. Simpson Vanceboro

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill

Greene P. B. Holden Snow Hill

Jones George R. Hughes Trenton

Pamlico E. C. Miller Bayboro

Pitt John B. Lewis Farmville

Pitt Frank Wooten, Jr Greenville

Sixth District

Duplin Grady Mercer Beulaville

Lenoir Eli J. Perry Kinston

Lenoir B. Cameron Langston Kinston

Onslow Carl V. Venters Jacksonville

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton

Seventh District

Franklin H. H. Hobgood Louisburg

Franklin W. L. Lumpkin Louisburg

Wake Mrs. Barber Towler Raleigh

Wake Mrs. J. M. Newsom Raleigh

Eighth District

Brunswick W. J. McLamb Shallotte

Brunswick Mrs. Riley Usher Shallotte

Columbus J- K. Powell Whiteville

Columbus J- W. Brown Whiteville

New Hanover Allan Marshall Wilmington

New Hanover Murray G. James Wilmington

Pender Leon Corbett Burgaw

Ninth District

Bladen H. J. White Bladenboro

Bladen Edward B. Clark Elizabethtown

Cumberland Lacy S. Collier Fayetteville

Cumberland V. C. Bullard, Jr Fayetteville

Hoke N. A. McDonald Raeford

Hoke W. D. McLeod Raeford

Robeson Frank McNeill Lumberton

Robeson Mrs. Butler Thompson Lumberton

Tenth District

Alamance John H. Vernon Burlington

Alamance R. T. Hawkins Mebane

Alamance Cooper Hall Burlington

Durham Austin Stubbs Durham

Durham M. T. Spears Durham

Durham Dan K. Edwards Durham

Granville A. W. Graham, Jr Oxford

Granville Edward F. Taylor Oxford

Orange C. C. Carter Chapel Hill

Orange James Webb Hillsboro

Orange Paul Robertson Chapel Hill

Person Robert P. Burns Roxboro

Person R- B. Dawes Roxboro

WESTERN DIVISION

Eleventh District

Alleghany J- K- Doughton Sparta

Alleghany Ross Richardson Sparta

Ashe R- L. Ballou Jefferson



State Committees, Democratic



165



Ashe R. W. Barr W. Jefferson

Forsyth J. Earle McMichael Winston-Salem

Forsyth Fred M. Parrish, Jr Winston-Salem

Twelfth District

Davidson Roy Hughes Thomasville

Davidson J. S. Spruill Lexington

Guilford Eugene Shaw Greensboro

Guilford D. M. Davidson Gibsonville

Guilford Dr. E. G. Purdom Guilford College



Thirteenth District

Anson
Anson
Moore . . .
Moore . . .
Richmond
Richmond
Scotland
Scotland
Stanly . .
Stanly . .
Union
Union



Fourteenth District

Gaston

Gaston

Mecklenburg

Mecklenburg



. . F. J. Coxe Wadesboro

. . P. J. Kiker Wadesboro

. . U. L. Spence Carthage

. . Lament Brown Pine Bluff

. . Thomas Leath Rockingham

. . Nash LeGrand Rockingham

. . Joe Cox , Laurinburg

. . Tom Gill " Laurinburg

. . R. R. Ingram Albemarle

. . Vance Honeycutt Albemarle

. . H. B. Smith Monroe

. . W. C. Massey Monroe



. L. B. Hollowell Gastonia

. Mack Holland Gastonia

. David McConnell Charlotte

. Erwin Boyle Charlotte



Fifteenth District

Alexander Frank Johnson Stony Point

Alexander Mrs. Anna B. Allen Taylorsville

Cabarrus H. I. Alexander Kannapolis

Cabarrus H. W. Calloway Concord

Iredell D. P. Nantz Statesville

Iredell W. W. Smoot Statesville

Montgomery W. L. Curry Troy

Montgomery Everett Freeman Mt. Gilead

Rowan C. L. Coggins Salisbury

Rowan Kerr Craig Ramsay Salisbury

Randolph Lawrence Hammond Randleman

Randolph Alton Craven Randleman

Sixteenth District

Burke C. E. Cowan Morganton

Burke O. L. Horton Morganton

Caldwell F. L. German Lenoir

Caldwell D. H. Thorne Lenoir

Catawba John C. Stroupe Hickory

Catawba Edward Houpt Newton

Cleveland C. C. Horn Shelby

Cleveland A. A. Powell Shelby

Lincoln W. H. Childs Lincolnton

Lincoln Joseph Ross Lincolnton

Watauga Wade E. Brown Boone

Watauga A. E. South Boone

Seventfienth District

Avery Fred Coffey Banner Elk

Avery Mrs. Lucille Winters Elk Park

Davie Dr. M. H. Hogle Mocksville



166 North Carolina Manual



Davie Mrs. O. C. McQuage Mocksville

Mitchell George Bartlett Spruce Pine

Miti hell Mrs. E. G. Miller Bakersville

Wilkes J. R. Rousseau N. Wilkesboro

Wilkes Larry S. Moore N. Wilkesboro

Yadkin H. A. Logan Boonesville

Yadkin J. W. Shore Boonesville

Eighteenth District

Henderson J. E. Shipman Hendersonville

McDowell W. D. Lonan Marion

McDowell E. P. Dameron Marion

Polk E. B. Cloud Columbus

Rutherford Chas. Dalton Spindale

Rutherford Lee Powers Lake Lure

Transylvania Cecil J. Hill Brevard

Transylvania Mrs. C. H. Lyday Brevard

Yancey Bill Atkins Burnsville

Yancey Frank Huskin Burnsville

Nineteenth District

Buncombe Floyd Padgett Asheville

Buncombe R. R. Wiliams, Jr Asheville

Buncombe George Craig Asheville

Madison George Martin Spring Creek

Twentieth District

Cherokee J. B. Gray Murphy

Cherokee W. D. Whitaker Andrews

Clay H. M. Moore Hayesville

Clay Fred O. Scroggs Hayesville

Graham R. B. Morphew Robbinsville

Graham C. P. Sawyer Robbinsville

Haywood R. E. Sentelle Waynesville

Haywood Larry Cagle Clyde

Jackson Frank Hall Sylva

Jackson John W. McDevitt Sylva

Macon R. S. Jones Franklin

Macon Mrs. Virginia Merrill Franklin

Swain W. T. Jenkins Bryson City

Swain Will Cooper Bryson City

Caswell W. B. Horton Yanceyville

Caswell Robert F. Wilson Yanceyville

Rockingham C. S. Scurry Reidsville

Rockingham B. A. Young Madison

Stokes L. H. Van Noppen Danbury

Stokes A. S. Ellington Walnut Cove

Surry Frank E. Freeman Dobson

Surry Wilson Barber Mount Airy



State Committees, Democratic



167



State Democratic Senatorial Executive Committees

1948

First District

Bertie Charles H Jenkins Aulander

Camden George W. Johnson Camden

Chowan Walter Holton Edenton

Currituck R. P. Midgette Currituck

Gates Martin Kellog Sunbury

Hertford A. J. Eley Ahoskie

Pasquotank N. E. Aydlett Elizabeth City

Perquimans B. C. Berry Hertford

Second District

Beaufort D. E. Redditt Washington

Dare John P. Hooker Manteo

Hyde E. A. Williams Swan Quarter

Martin J. C. Smith Robersonville

Pamlico L. F. McCabe Oriental

Tyrrell E. R. Davenport Columbia

Washington W. T. Freeman Plymouth

Third District

Northampton H. R. Harris Seaboard

Vance W. R. Vaughan Henderson

Warren Amos L. Capps Aixola

Fourth District

Edgecombe Frank E. Winslow Rocky Mount

Halifax Paul Johnson Littleton



Fifth District

Pitt



, Walter Jones Farmville



Sixth District

Franklin J. K. Tarrington Youngsville

Nash M. F. Morgan Bailey

Wilson George W. Tomlinson Wilson

Seventh District

Carteret C. G. Holland Beaufort

Craven John F. Rhodes. Jr New Bern

Greene J. H. Whitaker Snow Hill

Jones Rudolph Pelletier Trenton

Lenoir Albert W. Cowper Kinston

Onslow Marion A. Cowell Jacksonville



Eighth District

Johnston J.

Wayne C.



Marvin Johnson Smithfield

C. Flowers Goldsboro



Ninth District

Duplin W. D. Herring Kenansville

New Hanover A. A. Lenon Wilmington

Pender Robert Grady Johnson Burgaw

Sampson Peter McQueen. Jr Clinton



168 North Carolina Manual

Tenth District

Bladen M. L. Fisher Elizabethtown

Bladen Homer Tatum White Oak

Brunswick Walter M. Stanaland Shallotte

Brunswick Mrs. John Chadwick Shallotte

Columbus Hugh Nance Cerro Gordo

Columbus Richard Stone Lake Waccamaw

Cumberland Mrs. James Pringle Fayetteville

Eleventh District

Robeson County Democratic Executive Committee

Twelfth District

Harnett W. A. Johnson Lillington

Harnett Jesse Capps Dunn

Hoke Archie Watson Red Springs

Moore W. P. Saunders Robbins

Randolph Clyde Avers Asheboro

Thirteenth District

Chatham J. B. Ingle Siler City

Lee W. W. Seymour Sanford

Wake Vaughan Winborne Raleigh

Fourteenth District

Durham C. C. Edwards Durham

Granville Claude E. Lyon Creedmoor

Person J. W. Green Roxboro

Fifteenth District

Caswell George L. Seat Semora

Rockingham C. S. Burton Reidsville

Sixteenth District

Alamance Mrs. Ava Faulkener Burlington

Orange L. J. Phipps Chapel Hill

Seventeenth District

Guilford Julius C. Smith Greensboro

Eighteenth District

Davidson Ford Myers Thomasville

Montgomery J. S. Edwards Troy

Richmond Lacy Speight Rockingham

Scotland J. Nelson Gibson, Jr Gibson

Nineteenth District

Anson B. T. Hill Wadesboro

Stanly John B. Boyette Albemarle

Union Page Price Monroe

Twentieth District

Mecklenburg County Democratic Executive Committee

Twenty-first District

Cabarrus J. S. Hartsell Concord

Rowan J. D. Carter Spencer

Twenty-second District

Forsyth County Democratic Executive Committee



" " State Committees, Democratic 169

Twenty-third District

Stokes Marshall Watts Walnut Cove

Surry Fred Folger Mount Airy

TVenty-fourth District

Davie J. B. Cain Cana

Wilkes J. Gordon Hackett N. Wilkesboro

Yadkin Grover S. Williams Booneville

Twenty-fifth District

Catawba John W. Aiken Hickory

Iredell Sam G. Hall Statesville

Lincoln Jack Schrum Lincolnton

Twenty-sixth District

Gaston County Democratic Executive Committee

Twenty-seventh District

Cleveland D. W. Royster Shelby

McDowell P. J. Story Marion

Rutherford Wade Matheny Forest City

Twenty-eighth District

Alexander J. A. Alexander Stony Point

Burke E. M. Hairfield, Sr Morganton

Caldwell L. A. Dysart Lenoir

Twenty-ninth District

Alleghany D. M. Edwards Sparta

Ashe W. B. Austin West Jefferson

Watauga Council Cooke Boone

Thirtieth District

Avery Earleen G. Pritchett Banner Elk

Madison James Holcombe Marshall

Mitchell E. H. Poteat Bakersville

Yancey Wm. B. Huskins Burnsville

Thirty-first District

Buncombe County Democratic Executive Committee

Thirty-second District

Haywood R- D. Coleman Canton

Henderson W. W. Walker Hendersonville

Jackson E. L. McKee Sylva

Polk G. H. Bridgeman Tryon

Transylvania T. J. Wilson Brevard

Thirty-third District

Cherokee Walter Mauney Murphy

Clay Andrew Aubrey Hayesville

Graham Ed Ingram Robbinsville

Macon Fred Edwards Franklm

Swain T. D. Bryson, Jr Bryson City



170 North Carolina Manual

CHAIRMEN DEMOCRATIC COUNTY EXECUTIVE

COMMITTEES

1948

County Name Address

Alamance D. K. Muse Mebane

Alexander T. Elisha Bebber Taylorsville

AlleRhany R. F. Crouse Rt. 2, Sparta

Anson James A. Hardison Wadesboro

Ashe Todd Gentry West Jefferson

Avery R. T. Lewis Minneapolis

Beaufort Malcolm C. Paul Washington

Bertie J. B. Davenport Windsor

Bladen C. L. Braddy Council

Brunswick D. Bert Frink Shallotte

Buncombe R. R. Williams Asheville

Burke Col. Charles Walton Morganton

Cabarrus J. Lee White Concord

Caldwell V. D. Guire Lenoir

Judge A. R. CrisD Lenoir

Camden W. W. Forehand Shiloh

Carteret Irvin W. Davis Beaufort

Caswell Joseph H. Warren Prospect Hill

Catawba Ralph Sm\ re Hickory

Chatham Wilkins P. Horton Pittsboro

Cherokee H. A. Mattox Murphy

Chowan Lloyd E. Griffin Edenton

Clay Allen J. Bell Haynesville

Cleveland Clyde Nolan Shelby

Columbus W. Avery Thompson Hallsboro

Craven William F. Ward New Bern

Cumberland H. R. Clark Fayetteville

Currituck S. A. Walker Snowden

Dare M. L. Daniels Manteo

Davidson Charles W. Mauze Lexington

Davie J. H. Thompson Mocksville

Duplin F. W. McGowen Kenansville

Durham J. Leslie Atkins, Jr Durham

Edgecombe Haywood P. Foxhall Tarboro

Forsyth Calvin Graves 707 Wachovia Bk. Bldg.

Winston-Salem

Franklin E. F. Griffin Louisburg

Gaston L. B. Hollowell Gastonia

Gates C. P. Hathaway Sunbury

Graham Ed Tubeville 'Robbinsville

Granville Edward F Taylor Oxford

Greene K. A. Pittman Snow Hill

Guilford Frank R. Hutton 118 S. Greene St., Greensboro

Halifax Henry T. Clark Scotland Neck

Hartnett I. R. Williams Dunn

Haywood W. G. Byers Waynesville

Henderson L. B. Prince Hendersonville

Hertford D. C. Barnes Murfreesboro

Hoke Dr. W. P. Baker Raeford

Hyde C. L. Bell Swan Quarter

Iredell John F. Long Rt. 1, Statesville

Jackson Dan M. Allison Sylva

Johnston Alvin Narron Rt. 1, Middlesex

Jones John D. Larkins, Jr Trenton

Lee W. E. Horner Sanford

Lenoir Meriwether Lewis 114 Caswell St., Kinston

Lincoln Thomas E. Rhodes Lincolnton



State Committees, Democratic 171

County Name Address

Macon T. H. Johnson Franklin

Madison F. E. Freeman Marshall

Martin Elbert S. Peel Williamston

McDowell S. J. Westmoreland Marion

Mecklenburg Louis G. Ratcliffe. . . 126 Brevard Court, Charlotte

Mitchell Rex O. Wilson Spruce Pine

Montgomery David H. Harris Troy

Moore M. G. Boyette Carthage

Nash M. P. Dawson Rocky Mount

New Hanover David Sinclair Wilmington

Northampton W. J. Long Garysburg

Onslow Thomas R. Marshall Jacksonville

Orange R. O. Forrest Hillsboro

Pamlico J. C. Wiley Grantsboro

Pasquotank N. Elton Aydlett Elizabeth City

Pender John T. Wells Burgaw

Perquimans C. P. Morris Hertford

Person R. B. Dawes Roxboro

Pitt John G. Clark Greenville

Polk C. P. Rogers Tryon

Randolph Waldo C. Cheek Asheboro

Richmond Clyde H. Causey Rockingham

Robeson E. M. Johnson Lumberton

Rockingham Dr. G. P. Dillard Draper

Rowan Walter H. Woodson, Jr Salisbury

Rutherford A. Myles Haynes Forest City

Sampson Stewart B. Warren Clinton

Scotland Dr. J. G. Pate Gibson

Stanly Crayon C. Efird Albemarle

Stokes R. J. Scott Danbury

Surry John Lewellyn Dobson

Swain I. B. Jenkins Bryson City

Transylvania W. A. Wilson Brevard

Tyrrell A. L. Walker Columbia

Union J. Emmett Griffin Monroe

Vance Irvine B. Watkins Henderson

Wake J. W. Bunn Lawyers Bldg., Raleigh

Warren John Kerr, Jr Warrenton

Washington H. H. Allen ...» Plymouth

Watauga W. R. Winkler Boone

Wayne J. T. Flythe Mt. Olive

Wilkes C. Watson Brame North Wilkesboro

Wilson R. B. Tapp Stantonsburg

Yadkin C. E. Hartman Yadkinville

Yancey C. P. Randolph Burnsville



NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE
PLATFORM 1948



Issued by

NORTH CAROLINA REPUBLICAN STATE COMMITTEE
Lexington, North Carolina

Tlie Republicans of North Carolina, in Convention assembled,
reaiRrm our allegiance to the principles of our party and rededi-
cate it to the service of our State and our Nation. We submit to
the people the following declaration of its principles and objectives.

National Affairs

America stands at the threshold of Peace. We have conquered
a powerful combination of enemies that challenged the principles
upon which this Republic was founded. We have engaged in a
great struggle to preserve our liberty and independence, our right
of representative self-government, and our American way of life.
We have tested and proved our right to enjoy the heritage of
freedom that our forefathers won for us.

For three and one-half long, fearful and weary years all our
efforts were set on victory. Now, victory has come! Does it mark
the end of a war that ends all wars, or a few years hence will
fighting once more stop and victory come to us — or to others?
The answer depends on what we do with our victory. The war
settled nothing, except our present superiority in men, morale, and
material. The war did not destroy the greed, remove the misun-
derstandings and right the wrongs which helped to bring on the
war. Our military victory and the unconditional surrender of our
enemies have given us the opportunity and responsibility to make
the peace, that is, the chance to remove the causes of war, which
unless corrected will undoubtedly produce other wars in the years
to come — whenever the Nations have caught their breath, replen-
ished their arms, and marshalled their youth for the slaughter.

This generation has expended in this war national resources to
which our descendants were justly entitled. Our generation has
incurred a national debt that will require the labor and substance

172



Republican Platform 173

of many succeeding generations to pay. If we wage war for which
our children must pay, then we must see to it that foundations are
built upon which they may live in peace. They must not fall heir
to both our debts and our feuds.

In this time of world crises America is without a foreign policy.
Yet America stands today as the most powerful and potentially
influential Nation in the world. We must rise to our responsibility
as a world leader. We must fulfill our promises of freedom to the
liberated Nations of the world. We must assert our belief in de-
mocracy and the freedom and dignity of the individual. We must
exert the moral forces of this Nation to create conditions in the
world which will breed goodwill and peace, not hatred and war.
We must accord the small and weak Nations the same measure of
justice which we seek for ourselves. We must merit by our actions
the respect of the world instead of attempting to buy good-will
with our goods and our money.

We demand a firm and positive foreign policy based upon justice,
morality and freedom for all the world. We demand a unified
foreign policy so that our efforts may be as united in the pursuit
of peace as they are in the prosecution of war. We demand that
the American people be given full information concerning our
treaties and commitments to all Nations.

And finally, we endorse the principles of the United Nations
Organization. We urge that it develop effective means to prevent
war by formulating just international laws, mobilizing world
opinion, and exerting moral pressure, and that it repel all military
aggressions by the use of force if necessary, in order that the
Nations of the world may learn to live under law as do the peoples
of those Nations.

In order that this war may not have been in vain, America
must secure and preserve the fruits of victory at home as well
as abroad.

We urge the following reforms to the end that democracy, free
enterprise, and the rights of men may be re-established in America.

We urge speedy reconversion and full production of consumer
goods as the greatest need of our national Economy. Only by all-
out production can America expect to furnish full employment,
increase our wages and standard of living, retire our national debt,



174 North Carolina Manual

support the social services, and maintain the machinery of gov-
ernment. Adequate production will eliminate all necessity for price
controls and the threat of greater inflation.

We deplore the open warfare existing between labor and indus-
try in America. Since the war has ended great strikes have caused
incalculable loss of wages and profits and deprived the people of
needed goods and essential services. We demand equal protection
under law for both labor and industry and special privileges to
neither. We demand that the government, representing all the
people, enforce the law with equal justice to all. We hold that
both labor and industry have basic rights which are secure only
in a system of free men and free enterprise. We favor labor's
rights of free organization, collective bargaining, and fair stand-
ards of employment. We favor the rights of industry to a fair
profit conductive to risk and expansion. We demand that labor and
industry accept responsibility to the people commensurate with
these rights.

A free, prosperous and bountiful agriculture is essential to na-
tional well being. Agriculture must be freed of confusing regu-
lations and impracticable controls that restrict production. The
farmer should receive for his products a price that includes a
profit. We condemn the present policy of this administration which
holds down the price of all the farmer sells and increases the cost
of all he buys, thus crushing the farmer between the upper and
lower mill stones.

We demand that the administration immediately abolish all
Federal Departments created for the war emergency, and curtail
the vast system of peace time bureaus and commissions whose
functions are no longer necessary or desirable, and the mainte-
nance of which imposese tremendous expense upon the people.

There are now SVz million civilian employees of the Federal
Government. They represent one job-holder for every 40 persons
in America, and the number is being increased daily since the
war ended. This condition was never necessary; it is now intol-
erable. We demand that the number of civilian employees be
greatly reduced.

America has the greatest national debt of any country in his-
tory. In order to maintain our national solvency we must immedi-



Republican Platform 175

ately balance the budget by the drastic reduction of government
expenditures.

We are opposed to giving help in money or goods to any Nation
which fails to show a consistent desire to cooperate in building and
maintaining world peace.

For the past 14 years the New Deal has steadily undermined
American traditions and institutions. It has fostered the alien
doctrine that government must be the master of the people. It has
created a vast system of bureaus and commissions as new instru-
ments of public power which have provided shackles for the liber-
ties of the people. It has taken from the people the right of local
self-government and concentrated power in the hands of political



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