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North Georgia College Undergraduate Bulletin 1895 online

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north georgia
Agricultural College,






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OT tne


His Excellency, Governor W. Y. ATKINSON, Ex officio.

Kev. W. H. FELTON Cartersville.

State at large. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1899.

Hon. N. J. HAMMOND Atlanta.

State at Large. Term expires Sept 1st, 1901.

Hon. H. D. McDANIEL Monroe.

State at Large. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1895.

Hon. A. R. LAWTON Savannah

State at Large. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1897.

Hon. JOHN SCREVEN Savannah.

First Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1897.

Hon. a. T. MclNTYRE Thomasville.

Second Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1897.

Hon. W. H. FISH Americus.

Third Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1897.

Hon. W. a. LITTLE Columbus.

Fourth Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1895.

Hon. H. V. M. MILLER Atlanta.

Fifth Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1895.

Hon. a. O. BACON Macon.

Sixth Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1901.

Hon. D. B. HAMILTON Rome.

Seventh Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1893.

Hon. J. A. BILLUFS Madison.

Eighth Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1895.

Hon. N. L. HUTCHINS Lawrenceville.

Ninth Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1899.

Hon. J. B. CUMMING Augusta.

Tenth Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1899.

Hon. S. R. ATKINSON Brunswick.

Eleventh Congressional District. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1899.

Hon. a. L. HULL Athens.

Resident Trustee. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1899.

Hon. a. J. COBB Athens.

Resident Trustee. Term expires Sept. 1st, 1901.

Hon. N. E. HARRIS Macon.

President Technological Board. Ex officio.

Hon. W, Y. ATKINSON Newnan.

President Board Commissioners Girls' Ind. College. Ex officio.

Hon. p. W. MELDRIM Savannah.

President Board Commissioners Colored Ind. College. Ex offlcio.

officers of the board.

Hon. N. J. HAMMOND President.

Hon. a. L. HULL Secretary and Treasurer.




Wm. p. Price, President Dahlonega.

Dr. N. ¥. Howard, Vice-President ... . Dahlonega.

Frank W. Hall, Treasurer Dahlonega.

W. J. WoRLEY, Secretary Dahlonega.

R. R. Asbury Cleveland.

C. A. Besser Dahlonega.

R. H. Baker Dahlonega.

Joseph M. Brown Atlanta.

Dr. B. F. Chapman Dahlonega.

W. F. Crusselle Atlanta.

Wm. A. Charters Dahlonega.

W. E. Candler Blairsville.

E. E. Crisson Dahlonega.

H. D. Gurley Dahlonega.

F. L. Haralson .Atlanta.

B. R. Headers Dahlonega.

G. McGuire Dahlonega.

J. F. Moore Dahlonega.

Henry H. Perr\' Gainesville.

A. Rudolph Gainesville.

Frank P. Rice Atlanta.

J. E. Redwinc Gainesville.

Dr. H. C. Whelchcl Dahlonega.

J. W. Woodward Dahlonega.

C. J. Wellborn Blairsville.


Rev. Wm. E. BOGGS, D D., L. L. D.,

Chancellor of University.

Rev. I. W. WADDELL, D. D.,



Professor of Natural Seie//ee.


Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy.

Lieut. R. L. BULLARD,

1st Lieutenant lotli Regiiiu^nt United States Infantry ; Professor

of Military Science and Frotch ; Com/uanda/it

of Cadets.


Professor A/icient Laiiguagcs ami Literature.


Principal Female Department and Instructress in English.

Prof. F. P. HARRIS,

Principal Departnw/it of Business, a/nl I/istructor of Stenography,
Typewriti//g and Telegraphy.

I/istructress in Music and Elocution.


Instructress in Art.



General Information.

Origin and Purposes of the College.

This College owes its origin to the Act of Congress of
July 2, 1862, entitled "An Act donating public lands to the
several States and Territories which may provide colleges for
the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts." The
Act contemplates the "endowment, support and maintenance
of at least one college, where the leading object shall be, with-
out excluding other scientific and classical studies, and in-
cluding military tactics, to teach such branches of learning
as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts in such
manner as the legislatures of the States may respectively pre-
scribe, in order to promote the liberal and practical education
of the industrial classes."

The donation was made upon certain conditions, the chief of
which is that the annual interest arising from the fund derived
from the sale of the lands shall be applied to the purpose
mentioned above; that if any portion of the principal or inter-
est shall be lost by any contingency whatever, it shall be
replaced by the State; that no part of the principal or interest
shall be applied to the purchase, erection, preservation or
repair of any building, it being the duty of the State, upon
accepting the donation, to provide the necessary buildings;
that if the State should fail to provide, within a time specified,
at least one college for the purpose of the Act, the grant
shall cease and the State should be bound to repay the fund
to the United States; that the State should express its accept-
ance of the donation, with the conditions, through its legisla-
ture. By Act of ]\Iarch 10, 1S66, the General AsscmbU' of
Georgia accepted the donation "upon the terms and conditions
prescribed" in the Act of Congress.

Note. — Colonel Price is now eng-ag-edin preparinj,^ a "History of the
N. G. A. College for twenty-five years," which will be published in a
few months.

The fund havin;^ been received, the interest of it was placed
under the control of the Trustees of the University for the
purpose of the Act. The North Georgia Agricultural College,
having been incorporated in i^i, received from the United
States government, in pursuance of an Act of Congress passed
in that year, a donation of a building at Dahlonega, thereto-
fore known as the United States Branch mint, with ten acres
of land connected therewith.*

^#- . \^.\

Chapel North Georgia Agricultural College.

A contract was then made with the Trustees of the Univer-
sity by w^hich the North Georgia Agricultural College became
a department of the University, the title of the above property
being conveyed to the Trustees of the University on the con-
ditions specified in the donation, and the Trustees of the

*Tlie Act above alluded to was introduced by Hon. W. P. Price, then
a member of Congress from Georgia, and who, for twenty-five j-ears,
has filled the office of President of the Board of Trustees.

University appointing the President of the College, making a
certain allowance for its support, to wit, $2,000 annually, and
exercising over it a general supervision.

It will thus be apparent that the office of the College is to
effect the purposes expressed in the Act of Congress of 1862,
and the State's acceptance of that Act, in conformity with the
system of the University itself; and the courses of study and
exercises are arranged with that view.

The General Assembly of Georgia appropriated $3,000 per
annum to the College for the years 1895 ^^^ 1896, which shall
be used only for its support, maintenance and repairs. It is to
be hoped that this appropriation will be increased.

Since the College has become one of the leading educa-
tional institutions of the State, and occupies such a broad field
of usefulness with its growing popularity and consequently
increased attendance, would seem to demand that the State
should make more liberal provisions for its maintenance.

Under Legislative authority a joint committee from Senate
and House of Representatives is annually appointed to visit
the Institution during the Commencement exercises, said com-
mittee making report of the workings of the Institution to the
General Assembly.


Dahlonega, the home of the North Georgia Agricultural
College, is a town of one thousand inhabitants, of fine moral
tone and culture, and is the county site of Lumpkin county,
and away from the allurements 01 a great city. The altitude
of the town is 2,240 feet above the level of the sea. It nestles
under the lofty peaks of the far-famed Blue Ridge. Pure
freestone water and refreshing and invigorating mountain air
have long rendered this place celebrated as a health resort.

The College is non-sectarian, but decidedly Christian in
tone and character. The town possesses ample church facili-
ties, and students are required to attend some church at least
once every Sunday, unless excused. The sale of spirituous
liquors is forbidden by law in Lumpkin count)', wherein the
College is situated, and in addition to this, all the surrounding
counties are dr}', and the law is \igorousiy enforced. The
officers of the College pride thenisehes upon the fact that the

College is so well protected and free from anything that would
have a demoralizing influence upon the student.

The nearest railway point is Gainesville, on the Air Line
Railroad, twenty-five miles distant, with which place there is
daily communication by means of mail hacks. Fare from one
to two dollars.

Special arrangements are usually made at the opening of the
session, good for ten days from September ist, at greatly

Dahlonega from Colli


reduced rates. On arrival at Gainesville, students will find it
to their interest to inquire for special College hacks.
3uilding and Grounds.

The College has forty acres of beautifully situated and
valuable land — ten acres originally granted by the United
States government, to which thirty acres have since been
added — affording ample space for all military exercises and
agricultural experiments.

The College building has a commanding situation, and the
views from its porches are unquestionably the finest in the


State; surrounded by towering- mountains and beautiful val-
leys with varied and romantic scenery, well calculated to
kindle in the mind of the beholder a love for nature's God and
inspire the soul with a loftier conception of life's aim and


Persons intending to enter the College must see the Presi-
dent and make application for admission within twent}'-four
hours after their arrival.

The applicant must be prepared to furnish testimonials of
good moral character, and if he has been a member of an in-
corporated institution of learning, he must produce a certifi-
cate of honorable withdrawal. He must pass an examination
in each department, which examination will determine which
class he is to enter, and whether he can enter at all.

He must sign a pledge that he will, upon his honor, faith-
fully abide by the rules and regulations of the College, a copy
of which will be furnished him, and that whenever he is called
upon by a member of the Faculty with questions concerning
his deportment, or that of others, he must answer truthfully to
the best of his abilit}^ that he will be honest with himself and
the teachers at all recitations and examinations, and that he
will not enter into any combination whatsoever against fellow-
students or any of the workings of the institution, and that he
will deport himself in a gentlemanly manner at all times.

No tuition is charged. This institution was founded and is
supported by the State and National governments, and
students are encouraged to attend and receive the benefits.
An admission fee of five dollars on entering and at the begin-
ning of each term thereafter is required of every one excej)t
those holding legislative appointments.

This is for the purpose of forming a librar\- fund, and defra) -
ing incidental expenses of the scientific department.


Each senator and representative of the General AssembI}- is
authorized and requested to appoint one student to this insti-
tution from his senatorial district or county only, as the case
may be. tluring his term as such senator or representative,
who shall be received without the entrance fee these ajjpoint-

merits to hold good for the scholastic term for which they are
made, but may be renewed from term to term. Blank appoint-
ments can be obtained from the Secretary of the Board of
Trustees at Dahlonega.

The Library.

When the original college building was destroyed by fire a
few years ago, the entire library of the institution was lost in
the conflagration. Another is being gradually accumulated,
by donations and otherwise, but it will be a work of some time
to replace it fully.

The Societies.

Three flourishing Literary Societies, the Phi Mu, Decora
Plgestra, and Corona Hederae (the latter for young ladies),
have comfortable and well furnished rooms in the College
building, in which weekly meetings are held. Each Society is
already equipped with a good library and additions are con-
tinually being made.

The interest in these Societies is increasing from year to
year, and they prove an invaluable factor in training our
students in oratory, debate and parliamentary rules.

1. The F. P. Rice Latin Medal. — This is a large and beautiful
gold medal, given to the College by the Hon. F. P. Rice, of
Atlanta, to be awarded at each annual Commencement to the
student making the best record in Latin, with a mark of not
less than 66 2-3 in every other study, and in deportment during
the }'car.

2. The Clark Mathematics Medal. — This is an equally beauti-
ful gold medal, given to the College by Harlow Clark, Esq., of
Dodge county, Georgia, to be awarded annually at Commence-
ment to the student making the best record in mathematics,
with a mark of not less than 66 2-3 in every other study, and
in deportment during the year.

3. The Compaiiy Drill Medal. — This is a handsome gold
medal, given by Lieutenant W. C. Rafferty, First United
States Artillery, formerly detailed at the College, to be
awarded at each Commencement to the best drilled company
in the battalion of cadets, to be worn by the First Sergeant
during the year.


Monthly "Reports.

At the end of every month reports are issued of the pro-
gress, standing and deportment of the students. In these
reports lOO represents the maximum of excellence.

Under a college rule these reports are mailed to the parent
or guardian on the sixth day of each month for the previous
month, unless the student is 21 years of age and defraying his
own expenses, or the Secretary of the Faculty has a written
request from the parent or guardian to deliver the report to
the student in person.

The Collegiate

The collegiate year comprises two terms, the first commenc-
ing on the first Monday in September and continuing until the
first Monday in February, when the second commences, which
continues until Commencement.

There is no interruption of either term except for an inter-
mission of three days at Christmas, beginning the day before
Christmas, and such days as are appointed for legal holidays
by the State or United States. (See calendar inside front
cover. )

On the second Sunday in June the Commencement sermon
is preached, and the next three days are devoted to the usual
Commencement exercises, closing on Wednesda\', which is the
end of the collegiate year,


The College is authorized by its charter to confer degrees.
The degree usually conferred is that of B. A. But a course of
study leading to the B. S. degree has been arranged.

Degrees are conferred and the corresponding diplomas
given only to students who creditably complete the entire
course prescribed with at least the minimum record allowed
in every branch.

Those who pursue partial courses of study receive, but

upon a like average onh% certificates of proficiency in the

courses pursued.


Board, including fuel, lights, etc., can be had in good fami-
lies at from Sio to S12..50 per month. Many of the very best
young men bu\- provisions and rent rooms, where they hire

their cooking done, and in this way do very well at from $6
to ^8 per month. These expenses are still further reduced
by some who bring supplies from home.

The annual cost of books is from $io to $15, and this may
be reduced by purchasing second-hand books. No tuition is
required. For admission tickets, appointments and distribu-
tion of Brown Fund, see under their respective headings.
The Charles McDonald 3ro\A/n Fund.

From the Charles McDonald Brown Scholarship Fund the
institution gets $1,000 annually. This is to aid worthy young
men who are unable to pay their way through college. The
applicant must be at least eighteen years of age, in good
health and reside in one of the following counties: Rabun,
Habersham, Towns, Union, Fannin, Dawson, Murray, White,
Lumpkin, Gilmer, Pickens, Cherokee and Forsyth in Georgia,
and Oconee, Anderson, and Pickens in South Carolina. On
entering school he gives his promise on honor in writing that
he will pay back the money he receives with 4 per cent, inter-
est as soon after he completes his course as he is able. Appli-
cations or appointments to the Brown Fund must be made in
writing to the Secretary of the Board of Trustees and be
accompanied by a certificate from his parent or guardian cer-
tifying to his age, and setting forth their inability to provide
the applicant the means of higher education; and that the
amount thus to be received (viz., S6.25 each month) for the
collegiate year, will enable the applicant to continue in College
after once entering, without interruption till the end of the
collegiate year for which the appointment is made.

Every county of the thirteen in Georgia and the three in
South Carolina which receive the benefit of said fund at this
College shall be given full opportunity and notice by adver-
tisement or otherwise to furnish one student each as a bene-
ficiary of said fund before any of said counties shall be allowed
more than one such beneficiary.

If, after such notice, any of said counties shall fail to furnish
a beneficiary of said fund, then the Board of Trustees shall
select from said territory at large a suitable person to fill the

In case of two applicants from one county, or appointments
from the territory at large, preference will be given to those


who can show evidence of their ability to complete the entire


The government of the College is in the hands of the Presi-
dent and the Faculty. A copy of the rules governing the
institution may be had by any student on application.

The grades of punishment are as follows:

1. Reprimand, deprivation of recreation, extra guard duty.

2. Confinement to room, arrest, reduction to ranks of of^cers
and non-commissioned ofificers.

3. Suspension, dismission.

4. Expulsion.

The system of discipline has for its object to secure with as
much mildness as possible, prompt and cheerful obedience,
and quiet, respectful demeanor to the College authorities, and
orderly conduct everywhere.

Attention is directed to the following regulations governing

1. After once entering, no student can go home or else-
where, except for good cause shown, unless the parent or
guardian expressly asks the privilege.

2. All applications for leave of absence must be for a speci-
fied time.

3. A student absent with leave, who cannot return at the
expiration of his leave, must notif}^ the President of the reason
and ask for an extension, otherwise his name may be dropped
from the roll.

4. A student who has been absent four consecutive weeks
cannot resume his place in his class without permission from
the Faculty

Parents and guardians are earnestly requested not to permit
their sons and wards to be absent more than is absolutely
necessary, as it is very detrimental to the student himself and
very discouraging to the instructor.

Parents and guardians are also earnestly requested not to
give their sons and wards permission to leave College on the
approach of the Christmas vacation and of the Coninicnce-
ment earlier than the time designated. This practice virtually
takes out of the hands of the P'^aculty that control of the oper-
ations of the College which it is necessary for them to retain,


and tends to produce dissatisfaction among other students. It
is, moreover, liable to be greatly abused. The Faculty may
be expected to take very stringent measures to put a stop to it.

Teachers' Licenses.

By an Act of the General Assembly of Georgia, approved
February 23, 1877, the Faculty is authorized to grant certifi-
cates or licenses to students intending to teach. These licenses
are graded in conformity with the provisions of Section 1261
of the Code of 1882, and enable the recipients to be employed
as teachers in the primary common schools of the State with-
out examination by or license from any board of education or
county school commissioner. They are issued usually at
Commencement, and only upon special examinations held to
test the qualifications of the applicants. These examinations
have not been held at the time this catalogue is prepared for
the press.

The following licenses were issued at Commencement, June
14, 1895.

Bryson, R. M. ^

Kytle, J. W. I

Meadery, F. M. \ ^ ,

Nix, R. C. I Graduates.

Palmour, Oscar,

Sinquefield, W. R. J

Adams, G. A. Chandler, G. M.

Echols, G. L. Dinsmore, R. E.

Hamrick, J. M. Green, E. P.

Hopkins, R. O. Higgins, Lula.

Rogers, Hester. Jones, Ethel.

Smith, Barilla. Seabolt, M. L.

Wilson, T. W. White, W. A.


Sub-Freshman 3 Class.

Geography, English Grammar, Orthography, etc.; Penman-
ship, Grammar School Arithmetic, Introductory Science, First
Book in Latin.


Sub-Freshman A Class.

Physical Geography, Practical Arithmetic, P^nglish Gram-
mar, Orthography, Penmanship, etc.; Physiology, Introductory
Science, Latin Grammar and Reader, and Cornelius Nepos;
First Book in Greek, Algebra and Geometry begun; United
States History.

Freshman Class.

One recitation dail\' in Orthograph}' and Penmanship.
Science. — Chemistry.

Mathematics. — Algebra to quadratics. Plane Geometry.
English. — Rhetoric, General Histor)-.

Latin. — Grammar continued; Ovid, Virgil, .Scanning;

Greek. — Greek Testament; Xenophon.

Sophomore Class.

Science. — Chemistry continued. Agriculture. Ph\'sics (Kim-
ball's Olmstead).

Mathematics. — Higher Algebra, Solid Geometr>-, Plane
and Spherical Trigonometr\', Chain, Compass. Transit .Surve\-
ing and Leveling.

P^NGLisH. — Mental Sciences. Logic, Composition and

Latin. — Livy, Horace.

Greek. — Homer, Herodotus.

French. P^lementar}- (irammar and Reader.

J u nior Class.

Science. — Physics, continued. (Kimball's Olmstead.)

Mathematics. — Analytical Geometry. Differential Calculus,
Higher .Surve}-ing.

English. - Moral Science, Political ICconomy, l^nglish
Literature, Composition, etc.

Latin. — Cicero, Plin\-'s Letters, Tacitus, Comi)osition.

Greek. Thucydides, Aristophanes, Demosthenes, Compo-

French, .\nal\tical (Grammar and Reader, l^nglish tran-
slated into French.


Senior Class.

Science. — Zoology, Botany, Mineralogy, Geology.

Mathematics. — Integral Calculus, Descriptive Geometry,
Analytic Mechanics, Astronomy.

English. — English Literature, Elements of Criticism, Com-
position, Constitutional History.

Latin. — Juvenal, Terence, Literature.

Greek. — Selections from Tragedies, and Plato, Greek Litera-
ture, Exercises, etc.

French. — Analytical Grammar, Plays, Translation of En-
glish into French, Idioms and Conversation.

N. B. — The Sub-Freshman A and B classes and the Fresh-
man class are instructed one period daily by the professor of
the Business Department in Penmanship and Orthography.
This very important feature of the Curriculum has been insti-
tuted to overcome the difficulty which beset this and other
institutions where poorly prepared students enter upon a
college course. Students are required to show evidence of
their ability in these branches before they can enter the higher

A student may, with the consent of parent or guardian,
substitute French for Greek. The course in French begins
with the Sophomore year.

With like consent of parent or guardian, a student may pursue
an irregular or incomplete course of study, provided he has not

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