N.Y.) Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission (New York.

The Hudson-Fulton celebration, 1909, the fourth annual report of the Hudson-Fulton celebration commission to the Legislature of the state of New York. Transmitted to the Legislature, May twentieth, nineteen ten (Volume 2) online

. (page 1 of 49)
Online LibraryN.Y.) Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission (New YorkThe Hudson-Fulton celebration, 1909, the fourth annual report of the Hudson-Fulton celebration commission to the Legislature of the state of New York. Transmitted to the Legislature, May twentieth, nineteen ten (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 49)
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The Fourth Annual Report of the Hudson-
Fulton Celebration Commission to the Legis-
lature of the State of New York • Transmitted
to the Legislature May twentieth, nineteen ten

Prepared by Edward Hagaman Hall. L. H. M., L. H. I).

VOLUME II . PAGES 715 to 1421

Printed for the State of New York by
J. B. Lyon Company. State Printers, at Albany, 1910




R 19!2 L

**It is as pleasant a land as one need tread upon . . . The land it; the finest for culti-
TatioD that I ever in mj life set foot upon." — Henry Hudson.

*'Industry will give abundance to a virtuous world and call mankind to unbounded
feats of harmony and friendship. The liberty of the seas will be the happiness of the
earth." — Robert Fulton.

"We are not celebrating'ourselves . . . We celebrate the immense significance of
America to all mankind. May the harmony and fraternity of this festival be an augury
for the future. May the blending of races which has made possible all that wc now cele-
brate never be made naught by the conflict of races upon the battlefield. May the spirit
of this day persist, grow ever more effective in the minds of men, and this occasion be the
precursor of many a festival in the years to come, marking the steady progress of all
peoples of the earth who have united to make America what it is, upwards and onward,
along the path that leads to perfect peace and justice and Hberty." — Elihu Root, Sept.
29, 1909.

"The money that has been spent on this Celebration has not been wasted. We have too
few opportunities in this country to come together when there are no partisan questions to
be discussed, when there are no individual prejudices to be incurred, when there are no
candidacies to be fostered; but we are all united, emphasizing our unity and sinking our
differences, in order that America may be great because the people are inspired to justice
and to appreciation of the ideals of the great Republic ... I say to you, my friends,
it has been worth while, and we are altogether in this great State of New York better
equipped for our duties as citizens, knowing more of our glorious past, more confident of the
future, than we would have been if we had not worked so hard to give an adequate repre-
sentation of our joy in our progress." — Charles E. Hughes, Oct. 7, 1910.



EARLY in the deliberations of the Commission, the attention
of the Trustees was directed toward the remarkable free
-lecture system of the Board of Education of New York
City as a means for increasing the educational value of the
Celebration. This free lecture system was organized 21 years
ago by Henry M. Leipziger, Ph.D., LL.D., whose work in
connection with library foundations and in the field of ethical
and educational lecturing and writing is well known through-
out the United States and Europe. Under Dr. Leipziger's people's

direction as Supervisor of Lectures of the Board of Educa- ^°''

. vereity

tion, this system of free education for adults whose circum-
stances prevent their enjoying such advantages otherwise — a
sort of University of .the People — has been developed to such
a degree that at the present time lectures by a corps of over
600 selected lecturers are delivered at 170 "centers" in dif-
ferent parts of the city to an aggregate attendance of over
1,250,000 persons annually.

With a view to utilizing this system in reaching the people
with the lessons of the Celebration, a Committee on Public
Lectures was appointed, with Dr. Leipziger as Chairman; but
owing to the fact that Dr. Leipziger's health required his
absence abroad during the summer of 1909, the duties of this
committee were very willingly assumed by the Children's
Festivals Committee, of which the Hon. Samuel Parsons is
Chairman; and the details were arranged by the Board of Edu-
cation under the immediate direction of William H. Maxwell,
Ph.D., LL.D., City Superintendent of Schools.

In accordance with these arrangements, free public lectures,



The Hudson-Fulton Celebration


illustrated with stereopticon views, were given on Wednesday
evening, September 29, 1909, in the 70 centers named in the
following list:

Mfinhatian Borough, Public School I, Henry and Catharine sts.; Public School 21, Mott St.,
between Spring and Prince sts.; Public School 65, Eldridge St., near Hester St.; Public School 62,
Hester, Essex and Norfolk sts.; Public School 147, Henry and Gouverneur sts.; Public School 4,
Rivington, Ridge and Pitt sts.; Public School 160, Suffolk and Rivington sts.; Public School 63,
4th St., east of First ave.; Public School 64, loth St., east of Ave. B; Stuyvesant High School, i6th
St., near First ave.; Public School 14, 225 East 27th st.; Public School 38, DominicU, Clarke and
Broome sts.; Public School 33, 418 West 28th St.; Public School 51, 523 West 44th St.; Pubhc School

27, 41st and 42d sts., east of Third ave.; Public School 82, 70th st. and First ave.; De Witt Clinton
High School, Tenth ave., 58th and 59th sts.; Public School 158, Ave. A, between 77th and 78th
sts.; Public School 150, 95th and 96th sts., east of Second ave.; Public School 16S, 104th and 105th
sts., east of Second ave. ; Public School 1 65, 108th St., near .^msterdam ave. ; Wadleigh High School,
115th St., between Seventh and Eighth aves.; Public School 43, 129th st. and Amsterdam ave.;
Public School 159, 241 East 119th st.; Public School 119, 133d st., near Eighth ave.; Public School
169, .Aubudon ave., l68th and 169th sts.

Bronx Borough, Public School 27, St. Ann's ave., between 147th and 148th sts.; Public School
37, 145th St., east of Willis ave.; Morris High School, i66th st. and Boston Road; Public School

28, Anthony and Trcmont aves.; Public School 33, Jerome ave., north of 184th St.; Public School
5, 2436 Webster ave., Fordham; PuWic School 12, Frisby ave., Westchester; Public School 32,
183d St., Beaumont and Cambreling aves.; Public School 34, Amethyst ave., near Morris Park
ave.. Van Nest.

Brookh'ti Borough. Public School 5, Tillary, Bridge and Lawrence sts.; Public School 6, Baltic
and Warren sts., near Smith St.; Commercial High School, Albany ave.. Dean and Bergen sts.; Girls'
High School, Nostrand ave., Halsey and Macon sts.; Public School 42, St. Mark's ave., corner
Classon ave.; Manual Training High School, Seventh ave., between 4th and 5th sts.; Public School
146, 19th St., between Sixth and Seventh aves.; Eastern District High School, Marcy ave., Rodney
and Keap sts.; Public School 148, Hopkins St., near Delmonico place; Public School 147, Siegel
St., corner of Bushwick ave.; Public School 126, Meserole ave. and Guernsey st.; Public School
132, Manhattan ave. and Conselyea st.; Public School 123, Irving ave. and Suydam st.; Public
School 116, Knickerbocker ave. and Grove st.; Public School 137, Saratoga ave. and Bainbridge
St.; Public School 118, Fourth ave., 59th and 60th sts.; Public School 131, Fort Hamilton ave,
and 43d St.; Erasmus Hall High School, Flatbush ave., near Church ave.; Public School 130,
Ocean Parkway and Fort Hamilton ave.; Public School 1 14, Remsen ave., near Avenue F, Canarsie;
Public School 150, Christopher ave., south of Belmont ave.; Public School 149, Sutter ave., Vermont
and Wyona sts.; Public School 108, Linwood st. and Arlington ave.

Queens Borough. Bryant High School, Wilbur ave.. Academy and Radde sts., Long Island
City; Newtown High School, Chicago ave. and Grove st., Elmhurst: Public School 6, Steinway ave.,
between Broadway and Jamaica ave.. Long Island City; Public School II, Woodside ave., between
2d and 3d sts., Woodside; Flushing High School, Sanford ave. and Union st., Flushing; Public
School 27, 13th St. and First ave., College Point; Jam.iica Training School for Teachers, Flushing
and Hillside aves., J.imaica; Far Rockaway High School, Roanoke ave. and State st.. Far Kockaway;
Richmond Hill High School, Elm and Stewart sts., Richmond Hill.

Richmond Borough. Public School 20, Hcbcrton ave.. Port Richmond; Public School I, Garrison
ave., south of Amboy Road, Tottenville; Public School 14, Broad and Brook sts., Stapleton.

Public Lectures


To illustrate the lectures, the Hudson-Fulton Celebration Stereop-
Commission provided 5,110 stereopticon views, divided into^?^'*
70 sets of 73 views each, representing the following named
subjects selected by the Board of Education:

Amsterdam Harbor.

Schreyerstoren^ .Amsterdam.

Map of Hudson's Four Recorded Voyages.

The Half Moon Westward Bound in Search

of the "Far East."
The Half Moon at Anchor in New York Bay.
The Hudson Tablet.

Greater New York and its Surroundings.
Hudson's Welcome by the Indians to Man-
The Half Moon at Anchor ofi the Palisades.
Hudson and the Indians.
Replica of the Half Moon.
Replica of the Half Moon Fully Rigged.
The Proposed Hudson Memorial Bridge at

Spuyten Duyvil.
Hudson's Last Voyage.
Indian Chief.
Indian Messenger.
Three Types of War Clubs Common among

the Iroquois and other Indians of the East.
Primitive Stone Implements, all found within

the Territory of Greater New York.
Wampum Belt^ Two Strings of Wampum

Ceremonial Head Dress Worn at Religious and

other Ceremonies.
Another Type of Ceremonial Head Dress.
Indian Woman Pounding Com in a Wooden

Mortar with a Dumb-Bell-Shaped Wooden

India Pot In Situ.
Household Implements. '

Pump Fire Drill Used by the Iroquois Indians

for Making Fire.
Form of House as Constructed by the Shinne-

cock Indians of Long Island.
Shinnecock Indians' House, Covered.
Indian Rock Shelter Found near Armonk,

Westchester County, N. Y.
Indian Burying Ground, Tottenville, S. I.
Robert Fulton.

Plan of Steamboat Drawn by Fulton and
Submitted to Napoleon in 1803.

"Fulton and Napoleon."

Drawings by Fulton of Paris of a Steam En-

The Blowing up of the Dorothea by Fulton's
Torpedo in October, 1805, near Deal, Eng.

The Clermont off the Battery.

Replica of the Clermont.

The Fulton Memorial.

Monument to Robert Fulton in Washington,
D. C.

The "Paquebot Transatlantic," from a Paint-
ing in the Collection of Hon. John D. Crim-

"The Robert Fulton," 1909.

The Half Moon, the Clermont and the Maurc-
tania Compared.

Minuit Purchasing Manhattan Island from
the Indians in 1626.

Peter Sluyvcsant Treating with the Indians in

The Surrender of the Dutch to the English ia

Dutch School.

The First Free School of New York.

The Fort at the Battery in 1740.

Patriots and Soldiers Tearing Down the Leaden
Statue of George III, July 9, 1776.

Cortelyou Tablet, Prospect Park, Brooklyn.

The Maryland Shaft, Prospect Park, Brook-

Statue of Nathan Hale, City Hall Park.

Prison Ship " Jersey."

Martyrs' Monument, Fort Greene Park,

Billopp House, Tottenville, S. I.

Old Garrison Well at Fort Tryon.

The Capture of Andre.

The Hudson River from West Point.

The Revolutionary Chain at West Point.

Washington's Headquarters at Newburgh.

7i8 The Hudson-Fulton Celebration

Federal House, on the Site of the Present Sub- Looking North up Second Avenue at the Corner

treasury. of Forty-Second Street, in i860, from the

Government House in 1790, from the Crimmins Crimmins Collection.

Collection. Palisades and Steamboat.

St. PauPs Church About 1820, from the Grim- The Highlands of the Hudson.

mins Collection. Storm King on the Hudson.

View from the Steeple of St. PauPs Church Old Senate House — Kingston.

Prior to 1850, from the Crimmins Collection. Panorama of the City of Albany in 1909.

Castle Garden — "In Ye Olden Days." The State Capitol, Albany, 1909.

The Old Madison Cottage, from the Crim- Liberty at Night.

mins Collection.

Distribu- After the Celebration, the Commission presented 35 sets of
hon o jj^g stereopticon views to the Board of Education of the City

of New Yorlc and sent one set to each of the following named


Albany Albany Institute of Arts and Sciences.

Albany State Board of Education.

Auburn Cayuga County Historical Society.

Aurora Wells College.

Buffalo Buffalo Historical Society.

Clinton Hamilton College.

Elmira Elmira College.

Geneva Hobart College.

Hamilton Colgate University.

Ithaca Cornell University.

Niagara Falls Niagara University.

Poughkeepsie Vassar College.

Schenectady Union University.

Syracuse Syracuse University-
Troy Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Rochester Rochester University.

New York City Adelphi College, Brooklyn.

New York City American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society.

New York City American Museum of Natural History.

New York City Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences.

New York City Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute.

New York City Children's Playground Association.

New York City City History Club.

New York City College of the City of New York.

New York City Columbia University.

Public Lectures 719

New York City Fordham University.

New York City Manhattan College.

New York City New York Botanical Garden.

New York City New York Historical Society.

New York City New York University.

New York City New York Zoological Garden.

New York City Pratt Institute, Brooklyn.

New York Citf St. Francis Xavier College.




'HE Brooklyn program for the Hudson-Fulton Celebration
was in the hands of a Citizens' Committee consisting of
500 representative citizens who organized with the fol-
lowing officers: Col. Willis L. Ogden, Chairman; Col. William
Hester, Vice-Chairman; and Mr. John B. Creighton, Secretary.
Permanent offices were established at No. 180 Montague
street, which also became the headquarters of the School
Festivals Committee for the entire city.
Naval The opening event for Brooklyn was on September 25

Parade when the Naval Parade, headed by the Half Moon and Cler-
mont, occurred off Bay Ridge. The shore road was beauti-
fully decorated and the weather was ideal. The crowds were
very large and over 1,000 boats were in line. (For further
particulars, see chapter on Inaugural Naval Parade.) In the
evening an electrical illumination of the Shore Drive occurred.
Band concerts were furnished at four points and seats for
15,000 people were provided by the Park Department.
Religious O" Sunday, September 26, religious services were held in
Services all the churches under the direction of a special committee.
Concerts ^" Monday evening, September 27, two notable concerts
were given in Brooklyn, one at the 13th Regiment Armory
where 8,000 people were present and listened to an
elaborate program by the United German Singing Societies,
and the other at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, where a
concert with special soloists was given by the Apollo Club.
These concerts are more fully described in the chapter on
Music Festivals.
Literary On Tuesday evening, September 28, official literary exercises
Exercises were held in the Brooklyn Academy of Music. These are fully

reported in the following chapter.


Brooklyn Borough Celebration 721

On Thursday evening, September 30, an official reception Recep-

and ball were held in the Brooklyn Academy of Music. This

was the only official ball of the Celebration. Over the seats on
the sloping floor of the great auditorium a level dancing floor
was laid, thus making the stage and ball room nearly on the
same level. The academy was elaborately and beautifully
decorated for the occasion. Upon the stage, a crown of smilax
and roses draped from a canopy of yellow satin accentuated
the place where the receiving line stood.

The academy was thrown open to the guests at g o'clock, and
a few minutes later it was necessary for the police to establish
lines outside, so great was the gathering of spectators to see
the arrival of the distinguished guests. Shortly after the
opening the receiving line formed. It was headed by Gov.
and Mrs. Charles E. Hughes. In the line also were Col. and
Mrs. Willis L. Odgen and Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Lee Pratt.
Gen. and Mrs. Stewart L. Woodford arrived later. It was
originally planned to have Vice-President and Mrs. James S.
Sherman in the party to receive, but Mrs. Sherman's illness
prevented their attendance.

After the hosts had taken their positions, the guests, to the
number of about 1,500, formed in line on the dancing floor and
slowly approached and passed the receiving party, each guest
being presented and paying his or her respects to the receiving
couples. About 10.30, the dancing began.

The scene, during the reception and the succeeding ball, was
a brilliant one. The naval and official guest party made up
about 400 persons. The principal powers of Europe, including
England, Germany, France, Italy and the Netherlands, were
among those best represented, while Cuba, Brazil, Costa Rica,
Panama, Argentine, Nicaragua and others were represented by
one or more delegates each. Many were in their uniforms of
state, which, with the beautiful gowns of the women of the

722 The Hudson-Fulton Celebration

Recep- borough, gave a brilliancy to the event seldom equalled in New
tion and t/ , ^-.-
BaU ^ °^^ C'^y-

Among the special guests of the occasion were the members

of the Netherlands Commission, with their wives and daughters;
Sir Edward Seymour, G. C. B., Admiral of the English navy;
Gross-admiral von Koester, of the German fleet; Contre
Admiral Le Pord and his staff, from the French battleship
Justice; Conte Michael Angelo Leonardi di Casalino of Italy;
Capt. C. P. van Hecking Colenbrander of the Utrecht; His
Imperial Highness, Prince Kuni, of Japan; Princess Kuni;
His Excellency, Youssouf Zia Pasha of Turkey; Col. Aziz Bey
and A. Rustem Bey, also of Turkey; Commander Julio Morales
Coello of Cuba; Brig. -Gen. Gerardo Machado of Cuba; Capt.
Manuel Izaguirre of Mexico; Senor C. C. Arosemena, Minister
from Panama; Alberto Frias, Charge d' Affaires, Uruguay;
Marques de Azevedo, Minister from Brazil; Senor Dr. Don
Louis Toledo Herrarte, Minister from Guatemala; Hon. Allen
O. Clephane, Honduras; Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Medina, Joaquin
Pasos, Frederico Kejia, Special Delegate and Minister Plenipo-
tentiary of San Salvador; Dr. Loudon, Minister from the
Netherlands, and Mrs. Loudon; Senor Don Ramon Valdez, of
Panama, and others.

The officers from the United States battleships were all
accompanied by their wives.

Supper was served at 11.30 o'clock, after which the ball

continued until after 2 a. m.

Histor- On Friday, October i, occurred the Brooklyn Historical

C rniv 1 P^^^de which is described in a following chapter.

Parades The Brooklyn Celebration came to an end on October 9

when the Carnival Parade was repeated on the Eastern Parkway.

This celebration was a great success as all the floats which had

been shown in Manhattan came to Brooklyn and fully

5,000 persons were marching or in costume on the floats.

The organization of this parade was substantially the same as

Brooklyn Borough Celebration 723

that of the Carnival Parade in Manhattan, except that the
Grand Marshal and stafF were as follows:

Grand Marshal, John G. Eddy.

Chief of StafF, Major Walter F. Barnes.

Aides, Majors Robert G. Moran, John B. ChristofFel, Almet R.
Latson, Alfred E. Steers, John William Tumbridge, Elliot Bigelow,
Jr., and Clarence W^ Smith, Lieutenant Walter J. Carlin , Lieuten-
ant Francis J. McCann, Captain Albert H. Stoddard, Captain of
Pageantry, Mr. David T. Wells and Mr. John B. Creighton.

The parade started at 8.15 p. m. The line of march was from
the Plaza of Prospect Park on the Eastern Parkway to Ralph
avenue and return to point of starting. The Reviewing Stand
was on the south side of Eastern Parkway, between Franklin
and Bedford avenues. The description given in the chapter
on the Carnival Parade in Manhattan applies in all general
particulars to the parade in Brooklyn.

The Committee on Illuminations dealt generously with the inumi-
Borough of Brooklyn. Among the most striking electrical nati""s
displays were those seen on the bridges, on the Brooklyn Insti-
tute building, the Soldiers and Sailors' Arch and along the line
of march on the Eastern Parkway in the vicinity of the grand

The competitive medals won by essayists in the academies Essays
and high schools, the celebrations by the children, and the
public lectures in Brooklyn, are referred to in the chapters on
General Commemorative Exercises, Children's Festivals and
Public Lectures.



THE Borough of Brooklyn had the honor of holding the
official literary exercises of the Celebration in the
Brooklyn Academy of Music on Tuesday evening, Sep"
tember 28, 1909.

Execu- The Brooklyn Executive Committee was composed of Col.

live Com- Willis L. Ogden, Chairman; Col. William Hester, Vice-Chair-
man; Mr. John B. Creighton, Secretary; Mr. Abraham Abra-
ham, Hon. Theodore M. Banta, Capt. Wm. J. Baxter, U. S. N.,
Mr. James D. Bell, Mr. Russell Benedict, Mr. Tunis G. Bergen,
Hon. William Berri, Hon. David A. Boody, Hon. Alfred ].
Boulton, Mr. Nehemiah Boynton, Com. Herbert L. Bridgman,
Mr. George V. Brower, Mr. Frederick B. Dalzell, Hon. John
Diemer, Hon. Robert F. Downing, Mr. John G. Eddy, Mr.
Gilbert Elliott, Mr. Adam Fehmel, Com. Robert P. Forshew,
Mr. Henry Fuehrer, Mr. Walter Gibb, Mr. Wallace P. Groom,
Hon. Edward M. Grout, Mr. Herbert F. Gunnison, Mr. Abner
S. Haight, Hon. John D. Gunther, Mr. Walter Hammitt, Mr.
Frank J. Helmle, Mr. James P. Holland, Prof. Franklin W.
Hooper, Hon. Francis P. Kenney, Gen. Horatio C. King, Mr.
Albert E. Kleinert, Mr. Nathaniel H. Levi, Mr. Robert J.
MacFarland, Hon. William McCarroll, Hon. St. Clair Mc-
Kelway, Mr. Andrew McLean, Mr. Nathan Newman, Mr.
Ludwig Nissen, Mr. Bayard L. Peck, Mr. Thomas P. Peters,
Mr. Frederic B. Pratt, Mr. James W. Redmond, Mr. Carl J.
Roehr, Mr. Clinton L. Rossiter, Mr. S. F. Rothschild, Hon.
Charles A. Schieren, Hon. Edward M. Shepard, Mr. Arthur S.
Somers, Mr. James A. Sperry, Mr. Seth Thayer Stewart, Hon.
Jacob J. Velten, Mr. T. S. Williams, Hon. Timothy L. Woodruff,

and Hon. Richard Young.


Official Literary Exercises in Brooklyn


The Committee on Official Literary Exercises was composed Literary
of Mr. Russell Benedict, Chairman; Col. James D. Bell, Hon. ^°^'^^"^
William Berri, Dr. St. Clair McKelway, Col. Willis L. Ogden
and Hon. Charles A. Schieren.

The order of speaking was as follows:

Introduction of the Hon. M. Linn Bruce as Chairman of the Meet-
ing, by Mr. Russell Benedict.

Oration, " Hudson and Fulton," by Dr. St. Clair McKelway, Vice-
Chancellor of the Board of Regents of the State of New York.

Poem, "Hudson's Last Voyage," by Rev. Henry Van Dyke, D. D.

Address, ''The Hudson Valley in American History," by the
Rev. N. McGee Waters, D. D., Pastor of the Tompkins Avenue
Congregational Church.

Address, " The Higher Meaning of the Hudson-Fulton Celebra-
tion," by Dr. Stephen S. Wise, Rabbi of the Free Synagogue of New

Address, by the Rev. William T. McCjuirl, Rector of St. Michael's
R. C. Church.

The 23d Regiment Band rendered music at intervals during
the exercises and accompanied the singing of America and the
Star Spangled Banner.

Following is a report of the addresses:

CHAIRMAN BENEDICT: "Ladies and Gentlemen: The duty Chair-
which devolves upon me as Chairman of this meeting this evening'"*"
is twofold. In the first place, I desire to voice the regret of the Gen- ■a.„ j-.j
eral Committee that General Woodford, the President of the Com-
mission, is unable to be with us this evening. As you all know,
these are strenuous times, and especially for the President of the
Commission, and the condition of his health and the further duties
which will rest upon him during the ensuing days of the Celebration
have made it impossible for him to be here with us this evening.

"In his name, and in the name of the Commission, therefore, it
falls to my lot to bid you welcome this evening. I have the further
very pleasant duty of introducing to you as Chairman of this meeting,
a gentlemen who is well known to Brooklyn audiences, the former
Lieutenant-Governor of this State, Matthew Linn Bruce."


The Hudson-Fulton Celebration


Online LibraryN.Y.) Hudson-Fulton Celebration Commission (New YorkThe Hudson-Fulton celebration, 1909, the fourth annual report of the Hudson-Fulton celebration commission to the Legislature of the state of New York. Transmitted to the Legislature, May twentieth, nineteen ten (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 49)