Officer in the late army.

A complete history of the Marquis de Lafayette, major general in the army of ... online

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festoons. Flowers, plants, and rich and beautiful paintings,
were distributed in various places. The whole arrangement
discovered great taste and elegance.

Among the invited guests, were the son and suite of our illus-
trious guest. General Dearborn, his Excellency the Colombian
Minister, Colonel Pickering and Colonel Lee, of the revokn
tionary army, Colonel Harris and Everett, aids of his excellen-
cy the Governor, General H. A. S. Dearborn, General Win*
gate, of Portland, and the ordained clergy of the town.

About half past 5 o*ck>ck General Lafayette took leave of
the company at the Hall, attended by a deputatbn fiom the
Committee of Arrangements, who were instructed to accooH
pany him to Ipswich, but the General entreated the committee
to dispense with this attention, on account of the mclemency of
ibe weather, and he was escorted out of town by the battalioa
of cavalry.

At Beverly and Ipswich he received from the assembled in-
babitants, the same ciN'dial welcome with which he had been
greeted in other towns, through which he passed. The seleol-
men of these places waited on him, and offered him the con-
gratulations of their feUow citizens ; the people ereeted him
with repeated cheers of "vfekame^ welcome^ Lcffoyette ;^* wnA
arches were erected at several public places, containing a}q[Nro-
priate mottos. The houses ot the viUages through which he
passed, after the evening set in, were brilliantly illuminated*



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890 THIS TdtJB OF

' The ibilowing address was delivered at Beverty, bjr the
Honourable Robert Ratitoul : —

" General — ^The inhabitants of Beverly bid you welcome.
We welcome you to our country — that country which owes so
much to your aid in the acquisition of her independence. We
receive you not merely as the friend of our beloved country, but
as the friend of roan. Your labours, your sacrifices, your suf-
ferings m the cause of liberty, demand our gratitude. Tyrants
receive the commanded adulation of their slaves, but to the
benefactors of our race belong the spontaneous effusions of our
hearts. Accept our sincere congratulations that you live to
witness the order, the prosperity, the happiness that results
from our free institutions ; and may the evening of your days
be solaced with the reflection that those principles of govern-
ment, to the support of which your life has been devoted, and
which alone can secure the enjoyment of rational liber^, are
fast spreading their influence through the whole family of man.
Wishing you bng life and uninterrupted happiness, we bid yoo
farewell."

It was evening when he arrived at Ipswicli, and the weather
was very inclement. The inhabitants had, therefore, assem«
bled in the meeting-house to receive him. Thither he was
conducted by a committee of the town ; and on his entrance,
be was greeted with great exultation and joy. One of the
committee addressed him as follows >—

" General Lafayette— Accept from the peofde of Ipswich^
their cordial congratulations on your arrival in their countiji
and within their own borders. To this ancient town. Sir, we
bid you a joyful welcome.

** Having devoted to our beloved country, in her weak and
critical situation, the vigour of your youth and the resources of
a mind intent on the cause of freedom and humanity, and com-
mitted to a common lot with her, your own destinies, that
country can never forget the services you rendered, and the
sacrifices you incurred, for her defence and protection, whea
assafled by overbearing power.

*^ We rejoice in having an opportunity of presenting ourselves
in this house, consecrated to the worship of the God of oiv
fetfaers, who has kindly raised up friends and patrons of the
cause of our country and of liberty, to pay to you our grateful
respect for your eminent labours.

^' Most of those who acted in, or witnessed the great i



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OXNEIUL LAFAH^TTX. 391

m whicli you bore so con^icuous a part, bavB now descended
to the tombs of their fadiers. The present generation can re-
hearse only what they have heard with their ears, and their
fathers have told them. But the name of Lafayette is not .
confined to any eeneration. While the liberties of America
shall endure, it will descend from father to son, associated with
those of the immortal Washington, and other heroes and sages
of our revolution, as the friend of our country, of liberty, and
of man.

" Illustrious benefactor — may the blessings of heaven ever
attend you, and may your remaining days be as happy, as your
past have been perilous, useful, and honourable.*'

To which the General made the following reply >—

" Sir — ^The attentions paid me by my Ainerican friends, 1
receive with inexpressible gratitude. I regret that so many of
my friends here, should be exposed on my accoimt to this storm.
I have ever considered it my pride and my honour, that I em-
barked in the cause of Independence in this country ; and I
rejoiced when I found myself again landed on the American
shores. You, kind Sir, the people of this town, and all who
are assembled in this solemn place, will please to accept my
thanks for this expression of your attachment, and receive my
best wishes for your individual prosperity and happiness."

He reached Newburyport a little past 10 o'clock, where he
passed the night His lodgings were the same which Wash-
mgton occupied, when he made his tour through the northern
states, in 1789, the first year of his presidency. The follow^
ing address was made to him, by the chairman of a committee
oithat town : —

" General Lafayette — ^The citizens of Newburyport are
happy in this opportunity of greeting, with the warmest wel-
come, a distinguished benefactor of dbeir country.

" The important services which you rendered this people
in the day of their distress ; the devotedness which you mani-
fested in their perilous cause, and the dangers which you sought
for their relief, are incorporated in our history, and firmly en-
graven upon our hearts.

" We would lead you to our institutions of learning, charity,
and religion ; we would point you to our hills and valleys co-
vered with flocks, and smiling in abundance, that you may
behold the happy effects of those principles of liberty, which
jou was so instrumental in establishing.



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•392 TBE TOOB or

<< Our children cluster about you to recave a patFioc's b]e»
ing. Our citizens press forward to show their gratitude. Ouv
nation pays you a tribute, which must renx>v:e the reproach
that republics are ungratefuL

'^ As the zealous advocate for civil liberty, we bid you wet*
come ; as the brave defender of an oppressed people, we tnake
YOU welcome ; as the friend and associate of our immortal
Washington, we bid you welcome.''

General Lafayette replied in his usually courteous and am-
■mated manner, and evinced bis great sensibility to the kind and
friendly greetings with which he had been received. He here
also met several veterans of the revolutionary army; a grati&*
cation which he enjoyed in almost every place be visited.
Though the number is rapidly lessening, a few remain in most
of the populous towns of die Commonwealth.

One of those presented to General Lafayette at this place,
was Mr. Daniel Foster, one of the non-coromissi(xied officers
of the Light Infantry corps, commanded by " the Marquis'' ia
1780, and who brought with him the cutlats which be theo
eave to the aon-commissioned officers of the select corps.
\Ht alio made a vreaent of a handsome cut-atid-iknut sword
to each Officer of the Light Infantry^ his favourite corpsJ*^
The General greeted the old soldier with cordiality, and oq
seeing his own mark on the blade, assured him he looked upoa
.him as " one of his own family."

He left Newburyport Wednesday mornmg for the capital of
New-Hampshire. The escort contemplated to have attended
him on his way to the bounds of the state, was prevented by
the heavy rain. It was at his urgent request that it was dispensed
with. The committee of the town, however, acconotpanied him
to Hampton, where he was met by a deputation from Ports-
mouth, and conducted on his intended route. When passbg
through Greenland, a procession of the citizens was formed, by
, which he was attended through the village. Here he was wel-
comed also by salutes from an artillery company, by civic
arches, and repeated acclamations of the assembled peoplp*
One of the arches was supported by two young ladies, repre-
senting Liberty and Peace. One presented him vrith a wreath,
adorned with flowers, and said, " Venerable sire^ condescend to
receive this emblem of tlie heroes glory ^ as the token of a nation^M

fratitude and love.^^ The other presented him the olive
ranch, saying, " Good and peaceful servant j peace and iappir



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omnntAL Lirxrvm. 098

nuf oiotwf yott«" He received these with compkcenof, took
each young lady by the hand, and made an afTecticMiate reply.

He then proceeded to Portsmouth, where he arrived about
noon. He was conducted into this town by an escort on horses-
back, and a procession of carriages, composed of the civil, ju-
dicial, and legislative authorities; officers of the United Statesi
and of New-Hamp^ire, be. &£c« The mar^n of die avenue
leading to the centre of the town, was lined with children, with
idle inhabitants of both sexes in the rear ; who greeted him with
their cordial welcomes and repeated acclamations. Salutes
were fired, and the streets through which the procession
passed, were crowned with arches, decorated witn wreaths
of ever-green and garlands of flowers. The procession moved
through several streets to Franklin Hall: and here when
Greneral Lafayette alighted, the chairman of the Selectmen
addressed him thus : —

** Sir — ^The Selectmen of Portsmouth, in behalf of their
fellow citizens, most respectfully and hearuly bid you wel-
come.

" Enjoying, as we do, the happiness of a firee government^
we cannot but feel grateful to all, by whose exertions it was
obtained. Those intrepid men among ourselves, who in the
hour of danger stood forth in defence of their country's rightSi
have a lasting claim upon our regard* But in contending for
the liberty of th^ir country, they were striving to secure tbeijr
own happiness, and the prosperity of their children. T^^y
found a motive for exerdon in their own mterest ; which, while
it derogates nothing from the value of their services, places in
light, the pure zeal and contempt of private advantage, which
led you to our aid, from the shores ol a foreign land. Their
love of liberty was necessarily the sentiment of patriotism }
yours was an ardent desure for the general welfare of man-
kind.

^^ After an absence of forty years from our countxy, most of
which have been passed m scenes of unexampled excitement
axid perplexi^, it gives us peculiar pleasure to find you still the
firm and consistent friend of liberal principles. We have
watched the progress of your eventful life with unaffected sym-
pathy ; whether at the .head of the Nadonal Guards, in the
dungeons of Magdeburg and Olmutz, in the Chamber of De*
puties, we have found nothing to lessen our esteem for the
early friend of America.



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•94 THX Tomi or

** Pemiit us then to receive you as our guest; and to pay'
you such honours as are in our power to bestow. They are
the voluntary tribute of warm and grateful hearts. We wish
CMir children to learn, that eminent virtue affords the highest
claim to honourable distinction ; and that among a free peoplCi
merit will not fail of its appropriate reward.

" We beg you to accept our sincere wishes for your health
and happiness, and our prayers will be offered, that your ex-
ample may animate the wise and good in every nation, to con-
tend manfully and perseveringly for the freedom and happiness
of the world.'*

To which the General made the foUowing reply : —

" Gentlemen — ^It would have been to me an inexpressible
gratification on this first visit to the eastern parts of the Union,
after so long an absence, to have been able to present the se-
veral towns of New-Hampshire with my personal respect, and
to have witnessed the great improvement of a State, to which
I am bound by early sentiments of attachment and gratitude.

" Obliged, as I find myself, to take a southern course to-
wards the seat of government^ at Washington, I am happy to
revisit, at least, the town of Portsmouth, \Vhere the remem-
brance of past favours mingles with most grateful feelings for
your present afifectionate and flattering reception.

'* I thank you, gentlemen, for your constant concern in my
behalf, during the vicissitudes to which you are pleased to allude.
The approbation of a free, virtuous, and enhghtened people^
would be the highest reward for any one who knows how to
value true glory; still more so, when it is bestowed on aa
adopted son.

" To the citizens of Portsmouth and thehr worthy Select-
men, I ofier my most respectful and afifectionate aclmowledg-
ments."

Governor Morril gave him the hear^ welcome of the State,
in the following address : —

" General — Forty years have rolled away since you left tUs
asylum of liberty, for your country. During this eventful pe-
riod our cities have advanced, and villages have been reared;
but our Langdon, our Chilley, our Poor, our Sullivan, and our
Washington, have passed from the stage of human action, and
are gone to the land of th^ fathers. Although they are gone,
their sons survive, and the patriotism and love of liberty which
animated their breasts, and excited them to those glorious acts,



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GENERAL LArATETTi:. 99S

during our revolution, in vAidi you, Sir, shone so conspicu^i
ously, are now cfaerisbed in the bosoms of their posterit}* ; — ^and
we rejoice to be numbered among them ; — and m the name of
the patriotic citizens of New-Hampshire generafly, allow me to
sajy that it is with no ordinary emotions we receive and wel
tx»ne you to our State.

'^ We receive you, Sir, as the friend of our nation, of liberty,
tnd the ri^ts of man.

^* We welcome you as the magnanimous hero, who in early
fife, from the most pure and disinterested motives, quitted your
native country, and repabed to these Colonies, then the seat of
war, (contending fer independence,) to embark in the struggle
for the preservation of those rights, and the achievement of those
privileges, which are more precious to the patriot than life
Itself. And, Sir, it is our ardent desire, that the gratitude of
republics, but more especiaUy of the Rqpublio of the United
States, and the smiles of Heaven, may rest upon you to the last
period of your life."

The General, in his characteristic refrfy, alluded very affec-
tionately to his departed associates ; and the interesting changes
which had taken place since he left the country. It is not ne-
cessary to add, that he expressed with emotion his acknow«
ledgments for die cordiality of his welcome.

Numerous presentations took place;— of which were at
least thirty old soldiers. These scenes are alvirays in the
highest degree interesting tmd affecting. They are all kearL
He recognised General Smith, of Portland, who sewed as
Captain m his favourite Light Infantry for three years. On
daspbg the hands of these associates m perib and adversity, he
-continually repeats, "i am very happy J^ The dmner was
sumptuous. — ^Tlie Hon. Mr. Parrott presided, asristed bv N. A.
Haven, E. Cutts, jun. E. G. Parrott, L. Boardman, 0. Pen«
hallaw, E. Roberts, W. M. Sbackford, and S. Larkin, Esq'rs.

The President associated ^^€reneral Lafayette and the
Rights of Man."

General Lafayette responded— r^* the town of Portsmouth-^
May the blessings of the republican institutions ever give the lie
to the narrow, selfish sophistry of European Aristocracy and
D^potism."

There was a very splendid ball in the evenbg, in honour
of Lafayette, which he attended and where a great numbv



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8M THE TouB or

of hdies nvere presented to him. He left Portsmootfa, II
o'clock at night, to return to Boston, having engaged to be
there on Thursday morning. While at Portsmoath he received
fresflbg invitatiooa to visit £xeter and Dover, but was obliged
to dedme them.

He reached Boston about 7 o'clock, Thursday morning;
md after taking some necessary repose, he received a number
of revolutionary officers and soldiers ; and deputations from
teveral towns in the interior, lying on his route t9 Connecticut
He then repaired to the Council Chamber, and took leave of
the Governor and other members of the Supreme Executive:
and afterwards set off far Lexington and Concord, and thence
to Bolton, on his way to Worcester. He left Bos^ at about
two o'clock, in a carriage provided by the State for his ae-
eooKiiodation, and attended by the Committee of Arrangements
of the city, and by the Governor's aids, who waited on him to
the bounds of Connecticut* When he left the city, he express-
ed the gratification and delight he bad experienced ftom the
interesting recoHections which had occurred to lus mind, and
from the great cordiality and affection with whk^h be had been
received. The Mayor assured him, that he and others were
happy in the opportunity they bad to manifest their attachment
and respect to the eariy and fiuthftil ftiend of the nation, and the
firm and ubiibmi friend of civil liberty.

When he passed through West Cambridge^ die whole popu*
lati<m of the town were assembled to h(xiour the friend and
guest of the nation, and to gratify their patriodc feelings by be*
holdmg this justly celebrated personage*

The civic arch which extended across die road near dio
meeting-house, fai West Cambridge, bore this bscripdon >—
" Wekome ! Friend of Washington !
Fayette ! Fair Freedom's champon !"

Artfflery corps stationed on the eminences adjoining the
public road saluted him as he passed ; and the cotmtry rung
with loud huKzas and joyful acclamations. At dae line m
Lexington, he was received by a troop of bm^, and cavakado
of citizens, who conducted him into that ancient town. On
lus way, he passed under an arch, bearing this inscription :^-*
** Welcome^ friend of America^ to the birthrplace of AmericM
i&rQr»" Salutes were again fired, and he was then conduct-
ed to the moniment erected in memory of the attack of tho



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BritUi teoo|K upon die militia of tkat pkcfl, April Idth^ 1775*
He was here wdcomed and addressed by £. Phinnqr, Esq*
ID behalf of the town, as follows >-^

<• Greneral— In behatf of die Ck>namittee of Amo^enwota^
and the inhabitants of Leoungtoii, aUow me, Sir, to tender jov
the assurance of their most reqiectful and cordial welcome ta
this town. Impressed with a sense of the important aenriees
j'Xm have rendered to this eoontry, thejr meet you on this oo«
caskm, and upon this memorable spot, with hearts swdfiag with
erery emotion which a generous love for your exalted character^
and a grateful remembrance of the distinguished lustre of you
deedS) can inspire.

^ On this hallowed ground, consecrated by the blood of tha
first martyrs to liber^, was kindled that flame which roused •
nation to arms, and conducted them through peril and blood»
to a glorious independence* Here a small band of petriots»
hurled the first signal of defiance to a host in arms, and tau^
the enemies of their country, the a|^Iing trutbi that Ameri^
cans dared to die in defence of their rights.

*^ These hardy and virtuous yeom'anry of our countiy, ofo
you the sincere tribute of their warmest afiections* Among
them, your presence has awakened emotions too powerful ior
•Iterance* With the name of Lafavette, is associatecf every
comfort which sweetens the fruit of their toil, every chamoi
which crowns the altar of domestic happiness* Under die
shadow of that glorious fabric, which ^our hand assisted m
t^eaxing, they repose in peace and security*

** Permit us. Sir, in common with gratefiil miHioosy to ex*
press our earnest solicitations, that a ufe which has, for so
«iany years, been steadily devoted to the cause of rational
KberQr ; which has so long encoimtered without dismay die
firowQs of arbitrary power, may be preserved for many yeaxa
to come, a blessing and an honour to mankind ; and \ffkea
)rou, Sir, and your brave associates in the war of the revohi*
don, shall have ceased from your earthly labours, instead of the
Fathers, may their children rise up to bless your memoiyi
and emulate your virtues."

The General in his reply, aHuded with sensibility to lh»
fdeasure he felt in being able ao early to visit scenes so
memorable*

Near die moaumeot, he was introduced to fourteeti otibtk
inilida company, which bad assembled atdiatdme, andc»



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not T0139ICV

whom the xegular Iroops fired, when ei^ of die wiaiber wett*
dain.

After thb verjr interesting scene, General Lafajette pio*
ceeded to Concord, and was met at the line, b^een thai
place and Lexington, by a committee of the town, and a re*
mectahle cavalcade of the intelligent yeomanry of the vicioitv}
there was abo an escort composed of several companies of the
militia. The procession thus formed, moved towards the vil»
kge, and the disinterested visiter was conducted to a spacious
bower, prepared for his reception, and tastefully decorated with
ever-greens and flowers, by the ladies of Ckmcord. Ashe
entered the village, he received a salute firom die artiBety
eorps, and the vocal salutations of the inhabitants of both sexes,
who had assembled to present him their grateful o&rines.
The peals of the village bell probnged the acclamatbns of me
admiring throng. The following inscription was to be seen m
a conspicuous place in the arbour — '* In 1775, the people of
Concord met the enemie$ if liberty; In 1824, tkefwekametM
bold auerter of the rights of man^ L^faybttb.'' A sumptu*
ous repast was provided for the occasion ; and the tables were
covered with all the delicacies the season and country could
afi>rd..

When General Lafayette had entered the arbour, one of
the citizens addressed hint in the folbwing speech :—

*^ The inhabitants of Concord, by this delegation, welcome
you, General, to their village. We thank you for affi>rding m
an opportunity here to offer our humble, tribute of gratitude^
for services long since rendered, but still held in lively recol*
lection. You, Sir, now behold the spot on which the first
forcible resistance was made to a system of measures caicubted
to deprive the whole people of diese States of the privileges
of freemen. You approved diis resistance. A just estimate
of the value of rational liberty led you disinterestedly, to paiw
ticipate witii strangers in the toils, the privations, and the dan*
gers of an arduous contest. 'From the 1 9th day of April, 1775,
here noted in blood, to the memorable day in Yorktown, your
heart and your sword were with us. Ten millions of gratefiil
people now enjoy the fruits of this struggle. We can but re*
ptoat to you, Sir, the cordial, affectionate, respectful wefeome
ofiered you at your first arrival on our shores, and wbbh w9
tate assured will be reiterated wherever you move on AnMicaa
ground.''



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OSlQBiUX* LAVARTnU 4B9

Tbd Oeoend waSf m usual, extreme^ hq^y in his refrif «
and alluded with aenaibility to the memorable scenes of April
19th, 1776.

The ladies of Concord and vicim^, were present at this
.civic and patriotic repast } and it added much to the interest
and splendour of the scene. Coffee was served up, as a
.eounter-part of the entertainment ; and Lafayette appeared to
be highly pleased with the hearty reception which he met in
this hospitable town. Some revolutionary characters called^
upon him here, who had not before seeo him nnce be arrived^
and were received with great cordiality. He spoke of the gun
which had been shown him in Boston, by an inhabitant of
Concord or vicinity, and which was first fired against the minis-
terial troops of Britain. He said *' it was the alarm gun to all
Europe and to the world ; for it was the signal, which summon*
ed the civilized world to assert their rights, and to becomo
free.''

The visit at Concord was necessarily short, as be had en-
eaged to pass the night at Bolton, about twenty miles distant*
He left Concord at sun-set ; and was escorted on hb route to
Bolton, by a company of cavalry, and several centlemen of
distinction belonging to that place and vicinity. He was every



Online LibraryOfficer in the late armyA complete history of the Marquis de Lafayette, major general in the army of ... → online text (page 35 of 45)