Orville J. (Orville James) Victor.

Gettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1977/78-1981/82) online

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end or Commencement, you may find former
students as guests.

Faculty can be serious, comical, and social as shown in
these pictures: Al Concentrating in a class discussion; Bl
Providing laughs at a student-faculty variety show; CI
Having a coffee break with students in the "Bullet Hole."

Gettysburg College — The Community


A recently televised motion picture, "Journey
From Darkness," concerns a Gettysburg stu-
dent who was the first blind person admitted to
medical school in this century. Most students
do not require the special attention from faculty
and other students that was needed to prepare
a blind student for medical school, but when an
individual student needs such attention, Get-
tysburg tries to provide it.

While emphasizing the teaching of undergrad-
uates, the faculty is also concerned with schol-
arly achievement. More than two-thirds hold the
doctoral degree, and many publish books and
articles in scholarly journals. These scholarly
activities assure that faculty members keep up
with — and contribute to — the latest devel-
opments in their fields. These scholarly
achievements thus help to make the faculty bet-
ter teachers.

The faculty at Gettysburg is a group of trained
scholars and skilled teachers with a warm, per-
sonal interest in you, the student.

Al Professors become students in the popular
team-teaching programs of the January Term.
Bl U.N. Ambassador Andrew Young was among
the speakers invited to campus. CI An informal
discussion in a residence cottage. Dl An
academic dean aids student during course reg-
istration day.


Gettysburg College — The Community

Al A 16-inch Cassegrain telescope with cameras is among the equipment
available for physics majors. Bl Hauser Fieldhouse provides space for
indoor varsity sports and student recreation. CI An electron microscope is
used by advanced biology majors. Dl A modern computer center is avail-
able for student use in various disciplines.

Gettysburg College — The Community


Gettysburg's 200-acre campus and 43 build-
ings provide you with excellent facilities for all
aspects of college life.

The center of the academic facilities is
Schmucker Memorial Library. Total library col-
lections include approximately 236,000 vol-
umes, 28,000 microforms, 11,000 government
publications 6,300 records, and subscriptions to
1,100 journals.

Today a college needs more than an excellent
library. New instructional techniques must be
available. Gettysburg's computer center has a
sophisticated Burroughs 6700 computer which
permits use in every major computer language
to serve your educational needs. The College
has a modern language laboratory, a theatre
laboratory studio, a greenhouse, an observatory
with a 1 6-inch telescope, and a planetarium with
a 30-foot dome on which paths of planets and
stars are projected.

Gettysburg is fortunate to have a powerful RCA
EMU4 electron microscope so that students in
the sciences can do any advanced work for
which an electron microscope is a necessity.

Ten residence halls, 12 fraternity houses, and 4
cottages provide you with variety in your hous-
ing choices. Eighty percent of the students live
in College residences or fraternity houses. The
College dining hall provides meals on either a
contract or occasional basis.
The College Union Building with its many
features — including bowling alleys and an
Olympic-size swimming pool — is a center of
student life on the campus.

Other recreational and athletic facilities include
two gymnasiums, a recently constructed field-
house, a stadium with a football field and
quarter-mile cinder track, and five additional
outdoor athletic fields. Both indoor and outdoor
tennis courts are available.

The well-equipped College Infirmary has 12
double rooms for in-patients, a two-bed isola-
tion room, a kitchen, nurses' quarters, and
treatment, examining, and consulting rooms.

Although most major buildings on campus have
been built in the last 25 years, the original cam-
pus building — Pennsylvania Hall, built in
1837 — has been renovated and serves as the
center for administrative personnel. Many other
older buildings on campus have been reno-
vated so that their exteriors retain the architec-
tural charm of their period of construction while
the interiors contain modern facilities.

i 5 «HF-^' ^^ | jj0m

Al A greenhouse allows biology students to experiment
with rare and exotic plants. Bl The "Bullet Hole," located
in the College Union, offers an opportunity for a socializ-
ing break from studies. CI In constant use by students and
faculty is the library, which contains over 236,000 vol-


Gettysburg College — The Community

A/ Students experience the lifeof rural Blacks in
the south on a Sociology Department field trip.
Bl Fraternities and sororities compete in
friendly competition including a tug-of-war
match. CI "Night in the Woods" program spon-
sored by the Student Personnel-Chapel staffs is
a means of getting new students acquainted
with campus life and each other.

A full and diverse program of cultural, extra-
curricular, and religious activities is provided to
enrich your personal and academic growth as
well as to provide enjoyment and relaxation.

Student responsibility is promoted through stu-
dent participation in a number of committees
and organizations. Because Gettysburg is a
residential College, the Residential Life Com-
mission is particularly important. Students play
a vital role in the work of this Commission,
which reviews the College's policies for resi-
dential life and student conduct. An elected
Student Senate is the main organization of stu-
dent government. Students also run the Honor
Commission, which administers the student
Honor Code, and the Student Conduct Review
Board, which handles disciplinary cases within
the student body.

A full calendar of cultural activities serves the
campus. Concerts, plays, and lectures occur
frequently. Student performing groups include
the Gettysburg College Choir, which has re-
ceived international recognition, the Chapel
Choir, the College Marching and Symphonic
Bands, the Gettysburg College Orchestra, the
Owl and Nightingale Players, who present four
major theatrical productions each year, the Lab-
oratory Theatre, which performs a dozen shorter
works, and the Modern Dance Group.

The College Union is the center of student ac-
tivities on campus. Many events such as con-
certs, lectures, films, and dances are held in the
ballroom of the Union. The Bullet Hole, also in
the Union, is a snack bar that serves as an in-
formal meeting place for the campus.

Social events are also provided by fraternities
and sororities. Gettysburg has 13 fraternities
and six sororities, all but one of which are na-
tionally affiliated.

In addition to the social fraternities and sorori-
ties, the College has many departmental, pro-
fessional, and honorary societies. There are
honorary fraternities or clubs for students in 13
different academic areas. Gettysburg also has
a chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, the national
academic honorary fraternity.

Gettysburg College — The Community


Br — _ uiiM HPfp^ - • ^


Al The College Choir has brought recognition to Gettysburg Col-
lege throughout the United States and abroad. Other tour groups
include the Chapel Choir and Symphonic Band. Bl A quiet stroll is
a good break from academic pursuits. CI Special interest housing
is a popular on-campus resident program. Dl The student musicals
are a highlight of the spring activities.


Gettysburg College — The Community


Al An artist-m-residence often
works with the Modern Dance
Group which performs during the
school year. Bl The Faculty String
Trio concert is but one of a variety of
cultural events scheduled on cam-
pus. Personal recitals are also
presented by members of the fac-
ulty and students. CI Over 1,000
high school musicians participate
in Band Day.

To keep you informed about happenings on
campus, there is the student newspaper, The
Gettysburgian, the student-run FM radio station,
WZBT, and a daily announcement sheet called
"Potpourri." The newspaper and radio station
offer you opportunities to learn about all as-
pects of journalism and radio broadcasting.

Other Gettysburg communications media in-
clude The Spectrum, the College yearbook; The
Mercury, a selection of student poems, short
stories, and illustrations; and Rhombus, a stu-
dent literary magazine for all the Central Penn-
sylvania Consortium colleges.
At Gettysburg all students can participate in
some supervised sport. Depending upon your
athletic ability, you may choose to be part of the
extensive intramural program for men and
women or on one of 18 varsity teams. The inter-
collegiate program for men includes football,
soccer, basketball, swimming, wrestling, la-
crosse, tennis, crosscountry, rifle, baseball, golf,
and track and field. The teams in cross country,
rifle, baseball, golf, and track and field are
open to both men and women. In addition, there
are separate women's teams in field hockey,
volleyball, basketball, swimming, lacrosse, and

The College is a member of the College Divi-
sion of the Middle Atlantic States Athletic Con-
ference and enjoys well balanced athletic rival-
ries with other teams in that division.

Gettysburg College — The Community


After you take advantage of all that Gettysburg
has to offer you, you may wish to pursue further
graduate study or to enter your career field im-
mediately. You may be undecided. The career
counseling office will help you to clarify your
goals and interests so you can make a wise
career choice. This office maintains a library
that includes vocational information, graduate
school catalogues, and information about fe
lowships for graduate studies. Employment in-
terviews with companies are offered on cam-
pus; more important, however, our career coun-
seling office gives training in how to find out
about and apply for jobs wherever you may
wish to work.

Student life at Gettysburg is lively and diverse.
There is one simple goal for all the organized
activities on campus — to enhance the full range
of your liberal education.


- K i


A! Field Hockey is one of six intercol-
legiate sports for women. Five other
intercollegiate sports are open to
both men and women. Bl Gettysburg
College has produced Ail-Americans
in five varsity sports including cross
country. CI The varsity basketball
team is one of seven men's teams that
compete in the Middle Atlantic Con-
ference. Dl Many students participate
in the College's intramural program.


Gettysburg College — The Community

Admission to Gettysburg is on the basis of high
academic attainment, evidence of ability to do
good college work as indicated by aptitude
tests, and personal qualities. The College wel-
comes applications from students of differing
ethnic, religious, racial, economic, and geo-
graphic settings. Applications for admission
are due no later than February 1 5 of your senior
year. Offers of acceptance are usually sent by
April 1. If you apply under the Early Decision
Plan, you submit your application before
November 15 of your senior year, and you will
be notified of acceptance in early December.

Total expenses covering comprehensive
academic fee, room, board, and books and
supplies are estimated at $5490 for the 1978-
79 academic year. Additional costs include
personal expenses such as laundry and cloth-
ing, transportation, etc. A generous program of
financial aid is available for students who are
unable to finance their entire education from
family and/or personal resources.

The College catalogue can not give the full
flavor of Gettysburg. When we ask our students
"Why did you choose to come to Gettysburg?"
most of them mention the College's academic
programs, but they also talk about the friendli-
ness that is Gettysburg. One student said it this
way: "I felt so at home when I visited Gettysburg
that I knew I wanted to go there. It seemed the
people cared more and noticed me more. When
you don't know anyone, simple but meaningful
gestures of kindness are never forgotten."

Only by visiting Gettysburg can you gain a full-
er understanding of what a Gettysburg educa-
tion can mean to you. As you sit in on a class,
talk to a professor, or chat with students at the
Bullet Hole, you will begin to appreciate all the
ways that you can benefit from attending Get-
tysburg. The admissions staff can answer any
specific questions you have about the College,
but you also will learn much from the many in-
formal conversations you have during your visit.

If you want to visit Gettysburg or find out any-
thing about the College, please write — or call—
Delwin K. Gustafson, Director of Admissions,
Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
17325, telephone (717) 334-3131.

Al Graduation day, a time for smiles. Bl A day
perhaps not for smiling but certainly a day for per-
sonal satisfaction is when students give blood for the
APO Red Cross program. CI For those looking beyond
college, the Career Counseling Office provides up-
to-date periodicals on employment opportunities.

Gettysburg College — The Community







f«y ■ vSpaJHaS|





/A/ Stewart L. Udall, former United
States Congressman and Secretary
of the Interior, was one of ten re-
source persons who participated in
the Senior Scholars' Seminar. Bl
Throughout the day music flows
from Brua Hall where musical
groups practice for concerts and
individual students for recitals. CI
Artistry in ice adds to the pictur-
esque campus. Dl Two weeks be-
fore school opens student coun-
selors arrive to prepare for the
orientation of new students. El The
annual skateboard contest attracts
the daring students.


Gettysburg College — The Community

Type of College: Four-year, coeducational,
liberal arts college founded in 1832 and affil-
iated with the Lutheran Church in America.
Location: In the town of Gettysburg, in South
Central Pennsylvania. Only 80 miles from
Washington, D.C., 55 miles from Baltimore,
and 36 miles from Harrisburg, the capital of

Enrollment: The College seeks to limit its en-
rollment to 1850 students — approximately
one-half are men and one-half are women.

Campus: 200 acres with 43 buildings.

Library: Total collections of 236,000 volumes,
28,000 microforms, 11,000 government pub-
lications, 6,300 records, and subscriptions to
1,100 journals.

Faculty: 138 full time with over two-thirds hav-
ing an earned doctorate or the highest earned
degree in their field. Faculty are involved in
many scholarly and professional activities,
but high quality of teaching is the prime goal
of the faculty.

Degree Programs: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor
of Science in Music Education.

Majors: Art, biology, business administration,
chemistry, economics, English, French, Ger-
man, Greek, health and physical education,
history, Latin, mathematics, music, philoso-
phy, physics, political science, psychology,
religion, sociology and anthropology, and
Spanish. Students may develop their own in-
terdepartmental or interdisciplinary majors.

Special Programs: Junior Year Abroad,
Washington Semester in government, Wash-
ington Economic Policy Semester, United Na-
tions Semester, Merrill-Palmer Institute pro-
gram in human development and family life,
Harrisburg Urban Semester, cooperative pro-
grams in engineering or forestry, certification
in elementary and secondary education, and
complete exchange of courses with the other
three colleges of the Central Pennsylvania

National Honor Societies: Phi Beta Kappa
(one of only 1 7 chapters in Pennsylvania) and
honorary or professional societies in 13
academic areas.

Social Life: 13 men's social fraternities and
six women's sororities; College Union which
sponsors a diverse schedule of social events.

Student Activities: Student-run FM radio sta-
tion; student newspaper; full range of musical
groups including two choirs, two bands, and
orchestra; dramatics; modern dance group;
numerous student special interest groups.

Cultural Activities: Full schedule of lectures
and concerts bringing to campus nationally-
known speakers and performers; film series
at College Union; trips to Washington and
Baltimore to events of special interest.

Sports: Extensive intercollegiate and in-
tramural programs with 12 intercollegiate
sports for men, 11 intercollegiate sports for
women, 16 intramural sports for men, and 12
intramural sports for women.

Student Services: Faculty advisers,
academic and personal counseling, career
counseling, financial aid counseling.

Residence Halls: Ten residence halls and
four cottages. All residence halls except two
erected since 1950. Some student residence
areas assigned to special interest student
housing groups.

Religious Life: Programs for students of all
faiths coordinated through the College
Chapel. The Chapel Council, composed
primarily of students, has major responsibility
for planning chapel programs which range
from traditional religious services to seminars
on love, sex, and marriage, to social action
programs in the community.

Student Government: Students assume the
major role in planning student activities and
in enforcing rules of responsible citizenship.
Student Honor Code gives students respon-
sibility for maintaining high standards of
academic integrity.







Academic Policies and Programs

The Academic Policies and Programs of the
College have a primary goal: to assist the stu-
dent to obtain an excellent liberal arts educa-
tion. The liberally educated student will be ca-
pable of exercising mature, rational judgments
based upon information carefully gathered and
analyzed. Such a student will be motivated to
continue independently the quest for knowl-
edge after completion of formal studies. The
liberal education should foster and reinforce in
students a high sense of intellectual, social,
and ethical values.


A liberal arts program has as a basic premise
the ideal of academic integrity. Gettysburg stu-
dents live and work in a college community
which emphasizes their responsibility for help-
ing to determine and enforce appropriately high
standards of academic conduct.

An academic honor system was instituted at
Gettysburg College in 1957 and was strongly
reaffirmed in 1976. It is based upon the belief
that undergraduates are mature enough to act
honorably in academic matters without faculty
surveillance and that they should be en-
couraged to conduct themselves accordingly.
At the same time, the College clearly recog-
nizes the obligation placed upon each student
to assist in maintaining the atmosphere without
which no honor system can succeed.

The Honor Pledge, reaffirmed on all academic
work submitted for grading, states that the stu-
dent has neither given nor received unautho-
rized aid and that he or she has witnessed no
such violation. The preservation of the atmos-
phere of independence permitted by the
Honor Code is the responsibility of the com-
munity as a whole. Students must comply with
the Honor Code both in presenting their own
work and in reporting violations by others. No
student is admitted to Gettysburg College with-
out first having signed the pledge. A person
who would sign the pledge with reservation
should not apply for admission.

Alleged violations of the honor code are han-
dled by an Honor Commission elected by the
students. Decisions of the Commission may be
appealed to a student-faculty-administrative
board of review.


The major goals of the curriculum are to provide
the student with: the ability to think logically and
precisely and to use language clearly; exposure
to broad, diverse, subject matter in order to give
acquaintance with the range and diversity of
human customs, ideas, and values; and a rigor-
ous introduction to the assumptions and
methods of a representative variety of academic
disciplines in the sciences, the social sciences,
and the humanities.

Gettysburg College's "Distribution Require-
ments" assure the student an introduction to the
variety of opportunities offered by a liberal arts
education. In the freshman year the Gettysburg
student normally takes courses in a variety of
fields and begins to fulfill distribution require-
ments, such as those in foreign languages, labo-
ratory sciences, social sciences, or literature. In
the sophomore year the student usually selects a
major and, in consultation with a major adviser,
plans a college program which will allow both
completion of graduation requirements and
substantial opportunity to choose electives. In
the last two years most students concentrate on
courses in their major fields or a Special Major
and supplement their programs with elective
courses. Students are expected to complete the
two year physical education requirement by the
end of the sophomore year.
Students majoring in the natural sciences
usually begin their specialization in the fresh-
man year and follow a closely prescribed se-
quence of courses. Premedical, predental, or
preveterinary students must begin fulfilling pre-
professional requirements in the freshman year.

Academic Policies and Programs


January Term

Unlike the fall and spring terms, students take
only one course during the January Term. The
January Term, while complementing the other
terms, provides unique opportunities for ex-
perimentation by students and faculty. In
January the faculty is encouraged to introduce
courses with variety and innovation in teaching
methods, and the students are offered the
chance to concentrate on a single intensive
academic experience.

The January Term is designed to provide the
student with opportunities to take greater re-
sponsibility for his or her learning, and to aid in
this goal several options are available. In addi-
tion to approximately one hundred courses
taught on campus each January, there are Get-
tysburg courses taught abroad, student ex-
changes with other 4-1-4 colleges, oppor-
tunities for individualized study, and off-
campus internships. Individualized study op-
portunities which have been incorporated into
departmental offerings in the form of internships
are conducted by the Departments of Biology,
Economics and Business Administration, Edu-
cation, Political Science, Psychology, and So-
ciology. Some recent internships have included
biology students working with local veterina-
rians, political science majors interning in
Washington, D.C., and psychology students
engaging in research at a sleep disorders clinic
and at a juvenile corrections center.

Among the courses offered by Gettysburg Col-
lege in January of 1978 were the following:

Drawing the Human Form

Ethology: The Biology of Animal Behavior

The World of Chemistry Around Us

The Economic Analysis of Urban Problems

Elementary School Science: Purposes,

Methods, and Instructional Media
Seminar in the Writing of Short Fiction and

World Crisis of the 1930's
The Liturgy of the Western Church and its

Individual Research in Philosophy
Watergate, The Presidency and American

Cognitive Approaches in Psychology
The Religion of Present-Day Outcasts
Interaction in Public Places
Greek Composition
Modern Trends in Sports and Physical

Energy Research Seminar
A January Term Catalogue is issued every Sep-
tember; a copy of the most recent issue can be
obtained from the Assistant Dean of the College
who serves as January Term Director.


The College believes that one of the most valu-
able services which it can render to its students
is careful counseling. Accordingly, even before
he or she arrives on campus, each freshman is
assigned a faculty adviser to assist in dealing
with academic questions and in explaining col-
lege regulations.

During the first week of the fall term, all new
students participate in an orientation program
designed to help them become acquainted with
the College. All entering freshmen receive in
advance a detailed schedule of events of this
program. During orientation, students have in-

Online LibraryOrville J. (Orville James) VictorGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1977/78-1981/82) → online text (page 22 of 108)