Orville J. (Orville James) Victor.

Gettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1977/78-1981/82) online

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Gettysburg in-residence academic credit for a
full term, concentrating on Indian language,
history, culture, and sociology. Independent
study and course work with professors at the
University of Mysore may also be arranged. Stu-
dents will be in India from mid-July to mid-
December, studying at the University of Mysore
and taking field trips throughout India. Credit
earned will fall within the Gettysburg College 35
course requirement; every effort will be made to
keep total fees, including travel, comparable to
Gettysburg's own charges. The on-campus
coordinators are Dr. Harold A. Dunkelberger,
Professor of Religion, and Dr. Janet P. Gemmill,
Adjunct Assistant Professor in Interdepartmental


Academic Policies and Programs

Additional Off-Campus Programs

Washington Semester Gettysburg College
participates with American University in Wash-
ington in a cooperative arrangement known as
the Washington Semester. This enables a lim-
ited number of superior students in the social
sciences to engage in a first-hand study of the
federal government in action.

Students in the Washington Semester program
participate in seminars (two course credits),
undertake a major research project (one course
credit) and serve an internship (one course
credit) in a Congressional, executive or politi-
cal office. The seminars, research project, and
internship provide students with several oppor-
tunities for discussion with members of Con-
gress and their staff, Supreme Court Justices,
executive officials, and lobbyists. Residence in
Washington provides a unique setting for the
conduct of political research.

The Washington Semester may be taken during
either term of the junior year or the fall term of
the senior year. To qualify, a student must have
completed at least one course in political sci-
ence, have a minimum accumulative average of
2.50, and 3.00 in the major, and clearly demon-
strate ability to work on his or her own initiative.
Most participants major in political science,
history, sociology, and economics, but appli-
cants from other areas are welcomed. In addi-
tion to the regular Washington Semester pro-
gram, related programs include the Foreign
Policy Semester, the International Development
Semester, and the Washington Urban Semester.
Further information may be obtained from the
Department of Political Science.

The Washington Economic Policy Semes-
ter Gettysburg College participates in this
cooperative, intercollegiate honors program
with The American University in Washington,
D.C. The seminar is designed for students with
an interest in economics. It examines inten-
sively economic policy-making from both the
theoretical and practical, domestic and interna-
tional points of view. During the semester, stu-
dents are brought into direct contact with peo-
ple who are involved in the formulation of
economy policy.

The program of study includes ( 1 ) the
Economic Policy Seminar (two course credits),
which encompasses a theoretical analysis of
economic policy problems; extensive reading;
on site discussions with economic policy
decision-makers; preparation of papers; and
the presentation of alternative paradigms that
may be used to understand economic policy;

(2) the choice of an internship (one course cred-
it) in a private or governmental agency involved
with economic policy, or an intensive indepen-
dent research project (one course credit); and

(3) an elective chosen from the courses offered
by The American University. It should be noted
that the grades received in these courses, as
well as the credit for four courses, will appear
on the student's Gettysburg College transcript.

Academic Policies and Programs


This program can be helpful to students in sev-
eral ways. For all students, it provides an oppor-
tunity to dispel the mystery surrounding the pol-
icy making process, to make them better in-
formed citizens, and thus to improve their under-
standing of the complex interaction between the
government and the economy. For those persons
who plan to be professional economists, it will
provide a practical introduction to learning
about the nation's important economic institu-
tions as well as the political considerations that
influence the translation of economic theory into
government policy. The program will allow stu-
dents to become familiar with the basic
economic issues of the times and with the differ-
ent approaches for solving those problems. For
the person who is interested in becoming a busi-
ness economist, lawyer, or community organ-
izer, the knowledge gained about the bureau-
cracy in Washington and how the federal gov-
ernment operates will be invaluable in his or her

The student should take the Washington
Economic Policy Semester in the fall or spring
term of the junior year or the fal I term of the senior
year. To qualify, a student must have a minimum
accumulative grade point average of 2.50, a
grade point average of 3.00 in the major, and
have demonstrated the ability to work on his or
her own initiative. In addition, students wishing
to apply forthis program should have completed
Economics 101-102, 153, 241, 243, and 245.
Most participants major in economics and busi-
ness administration; however, interested
applicants from other areas are encouraged to
apply. Further information, including the appli-
cation procedure for this program, can be ob-
tained from Dr. William F. Railing, Chairman of
the Department of Economics and Business

The United Nations Semester Students qual-
ifying for this program spend a term at Drew
University in Madison, New Jersey. On Tuesdays
and Thursdays these students commute to the
United Nations for a survey course in interna-
tional organization which consists in part of
briefings and addresses by individuals involved
in United Nations activities. A research seminar
also uses the facilities of the United Nations
Headquarters. Other courses to complete a full
term's work are taken at the Drew Campus.

Students from any academic concentration who
have taken an introductory course in political
science and who maintain a respectable grade
point average are eligible for nomination.
Further information may be obtained from the
Department of Political Science.

The Merrill-Palmer Institute The Merrill-
Palmer Institute in Detroit, Michigan sponsors a
junior year program in human development and
family life. It offers flexible, intense, and spe-
cialized programs for students interested in an-
thropology, psychology, sociology, child de-
velopment and education, urban and commu-
nity studies, and other fields related to human
services. Admission is based on the student's
maturity and readiness to make use of the style
and varieties of learning opportunity provided.
Students may attend a full year, one semester, or
for a specified course during the January Term.
Interested students should consult the Dean of
Student Life and Educational Services or chair-
man of the Psychology Department for further

Junior Year Abroad Qualified students may
apply for permission to spend either their entire
junior year or one term of their junior year abroad.
The Office of the Dean of Student Life and Edu-
cational Services maintains a file of information
on programs of study in Europe, Latin America,
and elsewhere. During the first term of the
sophomore year, students who plan to study
abroad should discuss with their advisers the
relationship of their proposed course of study to
their total academic program. An outline of
courses with appropriate departmental ap-
proval must be submitted to the Academic
Standing Committee, which gives final approval
on all requests to study abroad. To qualify a stu-
dent normally must have a minimum accumula-
tive grade point average of 2.50 and a grade
point average of 3.00 in the major. Junior year
abroad programs are not limited to language
majors; students in any major field may apply.
Further information may be obtained from the
Office of the Dean of Student Life and Educa-
tional Services.


Academic Policies and Programs


Prelaw Preparation A student planning a ca-
reer in law should develop the ability to think
logically and to express thoughts clearly. In
addition, the prospective law student needs a
wide range of critical understanding of human
institutions. These qualities are not found ex-
clusively in any one field of study. They can be
developed in a broad variety of academic
majors. It should be noted that a strong
academic record is required for admission to
law school.

The College has a prelaw committee of faculty
and administrators each of whose members is
available to assist and advise students in their
consideration of the legal profession and to aid
them in gaining admission to law school. The
committee has prepared a statement, available
through the Admissions and Career Services Of-
fices, describing prelaw preparation at Gettys-
burg. Students planning a career in law should
consult as early as possible with a member of
the committee; a list of the members is available
through the Dean of the College Office.

Premedical Preparation The Gettysburg Col-
lege curriculum provides the opportunity, within
a liberal arts framework, for a student to com-
plete the requirements for admission to profes-
sional schools of medicine, dentistry, and veter-
inary medicine, as well as several allied health
schools. Students considering a career in one
of these fields are advised to schedule their
courses carefully, not only to meet the admis-
sion requirements for the professional schools,
but also to provide for other career options in
the event that their original choices are altered.
The following courses will meet the minimal en-
trance requirements for most medical, dental,
or veterinary schools: Biology 111, 112;
Chemistry 111, 112; Chemistry 203, 204; Math
1 07, 1 08 or Math 111, 112; Physics 1 03, 1 04 or
Physics 111, 112; two or three courses in Eng-
lish; and a foreign language through the inter-
mediate level. Since completion of these
courses will also give the student minimum
preparation for taking the national admissions
examinations for entrance to medical, dental, or
veterinary school, it is advisable to have com-
pleted or be enrolled in these courses by the

spring of the junior year, when the tests are tak-
en. While most students who seek recommen-
dation for admission to professional school
major in either biology or chemistry, the re-
quirements can be met by majors in most other
subjects with careful planning of a student's
program. Premedical students are encouraged
to choose electives in the humanities and social
sciences and to plan their programs in consulta-
tion with their major adviser or a member of the
premedical committee.

All recommendations for admission to medical
or dental or veterinary schools are made by the
premedical committee, normally at the end of
the junior year. Students seeking admission to
these professional schools must also take one
of the following examinations: MCAT (medical),
DAT (dental), VAT (veterinary). The Premedical
Committee is composed of members from the
Departments of Biology, Chemistry, Physics,
and Sociology, with the Associate Dean of the
College acting as chairman. Because of the
competition for admission to medical school,
the premedical committee recommends that a
student maintain a high accumulative average
(near 3.50) overall and in medical school re-
quired courses. Generally, students with a com-
petitive accumulative average and a competi-
tive score on the MCAT gain an interview at one
or more medical schools.
With interested members of each entering
class, the premedical committee chairman and
members of the premedical committee discuss
the requirements for admission to medical, den-
tal, and veterinary schools and also alternatives
to these careers. During the students' four years
at Gettysburg, periodic meetings are held ex-
plaining the procedures which must be fol-
lowed when seeking admission to the profes-
sional schools.

In the office of the Dean of the College a student
may consult catalogues for various professional
schools, as well as a collection of materials on
allied health professions. Reference materials
are available explaining programs in op-
tometry, pharmacy, podiatry, physical therapy,
public health, and health care administration.
Also available are the medical and dental
school admission requirements, and informa-
tion on graduate programs in health sciences.

Academic Policies and Programs

Certified Public Accounting Prepa-
ration Gettysburg College offers, to the best
of its knowledge, the courses which are neces-
sary to satisfy the Certified Public Accounting
requirements in all the states. A student in-
terested in a public accounting career should
see page and contact Dr. William F. Railing,
Chairman of the Department of Economics and
Business Administration, as early as possible in
his or her college career.


Engineering This program is offered jointly
with Renssalaer Polytechnic Institute and also,
with Pennsylvania State University. Students
spend three years at Gettysburg College fol-
lowed by two years at one of these universities.
Upon successful completion of this 3-2 program
the student is awarded the Bachelor of Arts de-
gree from Gettysburg and the Bachelor of Sci-
ence degree from RPI or Pennsylvania State in
one of the engineering disciplines. A student at-
tending RPI under this program has the addi-
tional option of a 3-3 or a 4-2 program. These six
year programs culminate in a bachelor's degree
from Gettysburg and a master's degree from

Candidates for this program will have an adviser
in the Physics Department. Normally a student
will be recommended to RPI or Pennsylvania
State during the fall term of the student's junior
year. A student who receives a recommendation
from the Physics Department is guaranteed ad-
mission into the engineering program at one or
both of these universities.

In addition to fulfilling all of the college distribu-
tion requirements in three years, students in the
cooperative engineering program must take
Physics 111, 112, 211, J 33, 216; Mathematics
111, 112, 211, 212, 363; and Chemistry 111, 112.
Students desiring to attend Pennsylvania State
must also take English 101 and 201 , Speech 101 ,
Economics 101-102 and a two course sequence
in one of the humanities. Pennsylvania State also
requires two one-quarter courses in Engineering
Graphics which may be taken by correspon-
dence or by attending a Pennsylvania State
campus in the summer. Because of the limited

flexibility of the cooperative engineering cur-
riculum at Gettysburg, students are urged to
identify their interests in this program at the ear-
liest possible time in their college careers.

Forestry The College offers a cooperative
program with Duke University leading to
graduate study in natural resources and the en-
vironment. The student will earn the bachelor's
and master's degree in five years, spending
three years at Gettysburg College and two years
at Duke University's School of Forestry and En-
vironmental Studies. The student must fulfill all
the distribution requirements by the end of the
junior year. The first year's work at Duke will
complete the undergraduate degree require-
ments and the B.A. will be awarded by Gettys-
burg College at the end of the first year at Duke.
Duke will award the professional degree of Mas-
ter of Forestry or Master of Environmental Man-
agement to qualified candidates at the end of
the second year.

Candidates for the program should indicate to
our Admissions Office that they wish to apply for
the Forestry curriculum. At the end of the first
term of the third year, the College will recom-
mend qualified students for admission to the
Duke School of Forestry. No application need be
made to the School of Forestry before that time.
During the first term of the junior year at Gettys-
burg the student must file with the Office of the
Dean of Student Life and Educational Services a
petition for off-campus study during the senior
year. All applicants are urged to take the verbal
and quantitative aptitude tests of the Graduate
Record Examination in October or December of
their junior year.

The major program emphases at Duke are Natu-
ral Resources Science/Ecology; Natural Re-
sources Systems Science; and Natural Re-
sources/Economic Policy; however, programs
can be tailored with other individual emphases.
An undergraduate major in natural sciences,
social sciences, business administration, or
pre-engineering is good preparation for the pro-
grams at Duke, but a student with other under-
graduate concentration will be considered for
admission. All students contemplating this
cooperative program should take at least one
year each in biology, mathematics, economics,
and physics.


Academic Policies and Programs

Students begin the program at Duke with a
one-month session of field work in natural re-
source measurements in August. The student
must complete a total of 60 units, which gener-
ally takes four semesters.
Some students may prefer to complete the
bachelor's degree before undertaking graduate
study at Duke. The master's degree require-
ments for these students are the same as those
for students entering after the junior year, but the
60-unit requirement may be reduced for relevant
undergraduate work of satisfactory quality al-
ready completed. All credit reductions are de-
termined individually and consider both the stu-
dent's educational background and objectives.

Army Reserve Officers Training Pro-
gram The ROTC program conducted by the
Department of Military Science allows a student
to earn a commission as a Second Lieutenant in
the US Army concurrent with academic degree
conferral. The training received in leadership,
management and human relations provides an
excellent, highly valued foundation for sub-
sequent civilian careers.

The Basic Course covers the first two years of
the ROTC Program. Instruction includes man-
agement principles, the national defense struc-
ture, military history and leadership instruction.
The fall term of both years involves one hour of
classroom instruction and one hour of profes-
sional development lab per week. The spring
term of each year is similarly organized except
that a regularly scheduled college course is
substituted for the weekly classroom hour for the
purpose of academic enrichment. There is no
military obligation involved with enrollment in the
Basic Course.

The Advanced Course covers the third and
fourth years of the ROTC program. Instruction
includes advanced leadership development,
group dynamics, organization and manage-
ment, small unit tactics and administration. Each
term entails three classroom hours and one pro-
fessional development lab hour per week. In ad-
dition, Advanced Course cadets are paid
$100.00 per month. Army ROTC also offers
scholarships on a competitive basis. Eligible
students may apply for one, two or three-year

scholarships which pay full tuition and book ex-
penses plus $100.00 per month.

The Military Science Department offers both a
4-year and a 2-year program towards commis-
sioning. Interested students should contact a
member of the Department of Military Science
for details on both these programs. It should be
remembered that a student must have two full
academic years remaining to participate in the
Advanced Course and must have completed
the Basic Course or received credit for the Basic
Course prior to being enrolled in the Advanced


The College awards the following honors to
members of the graduating class. These senior
honors are intended for students with four years
residence at Gettysburg College, and computa-
tions for them are based on four years' perform-

1. Valedictorian, to the senior with the highest
accumulative average.

2. Salutatorian, to the senior with the second
highest accumulative average.

3. Summa Cum Laude, to those seniors who
have an accumulative average of 3.75 or

4. Magna Cum Laude, to those seniors who
have an accumulative average of 3.50
through 3.74.

5. Cum Laude, to those seniors who have an
accumulative average of 3.30 through

The Academic Standing Committee may
grant the above honors to students with transfer
credit if they have satisfied the conditions of the
honor during at least two years in residence at
Gettysburg College and have presented excel-
lent transfer grades.

In addition to the above, departments may
award Departmental Honors for graduating sen-
iors based upon their academic performance in
a major field of study. Departmental Honors are
awarded to transfer students on the same terms
as to other students since the computation for
this award is not necessarily based on four
years in residence at Gettysburg College.

Academic Policies and Programs



The names of those students who attain an ac-
cumulative average of 3.60 or higher in the
combined fall and January terms, or in the
spring term, are placed on the Deans' Honor
List in recognition of their academic attain-
ments. To be eligible for this honor a student
must take a full course load of four courses in
the long term, with no more than one course
taken under the S/U grading option during that
term (except for students taking the Education
Term, who may take two courses S/U).


The following prizes recognize outstanding
scholarship and achievement. They are
awarded at a Fall Honors Program in October or
a Spring Honors Convocation held in April or
May. Grades earned in required courses in
physical education are not considered in com-
putations for prizes or awards. Transfer stu-
dents are eligible for prizes and awards.

Endowed Funds

Baum Mathematical Prize The income from a
fund contributed by Dr. Charles Baum (1874), is
given to the sophomore showing the greatest
proficiency in Mathematics.
Anna Marie Budde Award The income from a
bequest from Anna Marie Budde', Instructor and
Assistant Professor of Voice 1953-1972 is given
to the outstanding sophomore voice student.

John M. Colestock Award The award, contrib-
uted by family and friends, is given to a senior
male student whose optimism, enthusiasm, and
strength of character have provided excep-
tional leadership in student affairs.

Malcolm R. Dougherty Mathematical
Award The income from a fund contributed by
the Columbian Cutlery Company, Reading, Pa.,
in memory of Malcolm R. Dougherty (1942), is
awarded to a freshman showing proficiency in
mathematics and working to earn part of his or
her college expenses.

Margaret E. Fisher Memorial Scholarship
Award The income from a fund contributed by
Dr. Nelson F. Fisher (1918) in memory of his
mother, is awarded to a male student who ex-
cels in one or more major sports and who
achieves the highest academic average among
winners of varsity letters.

Samuel Garver Greek Prize The income from a
fund, contributed by the Rev. Austin S. Garver
(1 869) in memory of his father, is awarded to the
student who has made the greatest progress in
Greek during the freshman year.

Samuel Garver Latin Prize The income from a
fund, contributed by the Rev. Austin S. Garver
(1 869) in memory of his father, is awarded to the
student who has made the greatest progress in
Latin during the freshman year.

Graeff English Prize The income from a fund
established in 1866 is awarded to a senior
selected by the English Department on the
basis of outstanding achievement in the work of
that Department.

David H. Greenlaw Memorial Prize The in-
come from a fund contributed by Mr. and Mrs.
Ralph W. Greenlaw in memory of their son,
David H. Greenlaw (1966), is awarded to the
student who has contributed most to the techni-
cal aspects of the College's drama productions.

John Alfred Hamme Awards Two awards, es-
tablished by John Alfred Hamme (1918), are
given to the two juniors who have demonstrated
in the highest degree the qualities of loyalty,
kindness, courtesy, true democracy, and lead-

Henry W. A. Hanson Scholarship Founda-
tion Award The income from a fund contrib-
uted by College alumni in honor of Henry W. A.
Hanson and in recognition of his leadership of
and distinguished service to Gettysburg Col-
lege and to the cause of education in the Lu-

Online LibraryOrville J. (Orville James) VictorGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1977/78-1981/82) → online text (page 67 of 108)