Orville J. (Orville James) Victor.

Gettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1977/78-1981/82) online

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opportunities for specialized interdepartmental
programs that coordinate courses available in a
variety of academic areas. The Committee on
Interdepartmental Studies bears responsibilityfor
identifying and encouraging interest in Interde-
partmental Studies courses and programs, such
as Asian Studies, American Studies, and Medie-
val and Renaissance Studies. (See pages 82-83)

Among the opportunities for Interdepartmental
Studies is the Special Major: a student, with the
consent of two supervising faculty members from
different departments, may design a coherent
program of at least eight courses focusing on a
particular issue or area not adequately included
within a single department. It may be based on
any grouping of courses drawn from any part of
the curriculum so long as the proposed major is
coherent, serves a carefully defined purpose, and
includes a substantial number of advanced
courses. The Committee on Interdepartmental
Studies has final responsibility for approving
Special Majors. (See page 28)

By nature of their objectives and content, Inter-
departmental Studies courses cross the lines of
departments and specialized disciplines. For
example, some of these courses attempt to
provide the common body of knowledge tra-
ditionally associated with a liberal education;
others attempt to integrate the understanding of
different kinds of subject matter; and still others
use methodologies from diverse departments
and disciplines.

101, 102 Ideas and Institutions of Western Man
Introduces the student to an interdisciplinary study of the
problems of contemporary Western civilization through the
study of documents illustrating the ideas and institutions of
Western man since the Medieval period, with some attention
to the Classic-Judaic beginnings. Students study character-
istic ideas and institutions affecting economic, political, and
religious developments from the Middle Ages and Renais-
sance through the twentieth century. Fulfills distribution
requirement in history, philosophy, or religion.


103, 104 Literary Foundations of Western Culture

A study of selected major literary achievements of Western
culture regarded as philosophical, historical, and aesthetic
documents including authors ranging from Homer and Plato
through St. Augustine and Dante to Shakespeare, Milton, and
Goethe. By means of reading and discussing complete works
of literature the student is introduced to those humanistic
skills that have traditionally distinguished the liberally edu-
cated person. Fulfills distribution requirement in literature


111, 112 Ideas and Events Behind the Arts

An introductory study of the visual arts from prehistoric times
to the twentieth century An attempt will be made to investi-
gate change in the arts as social, political, and even natural
events have stimulated response in the style and function of
painting, sculpture, and architecture. While an understanding
of the contextual role of art is considered important, there
will also be emphasis upon an understanding of the individual
work of art in terms of aesthetic analysis of form and content.
Fulfills distribution requirement in art, music, creative writing,
or theatre arts.

Mrs. Small

192 Seminar: The Implications of Reproductive and
Genetic Engineering

Seminar designed to examine the biological, medical, legal,
social, psychological, aesthetic, and ethical implications of
genetic and reproductive manipulation in man. Work require-
ments include readings, discussions, oral presentations, and
the production of research-position paper to be defended
before the group Limited to freshmen

Messrs Loose and Schroeder

206: Byzantine Civilization

An introduction to the civilization which radiated from Con-
stantinople, the capital of the Roman Empire from 330-1453
and a major link between eastern and western civilizations
for 1 ,000 years. Its legacies include Roman Law. a controlled
economy, the icon, church councils, military science, the
bureaucracy, and classical learning. A movie, slides, and a
field trip enhance class discussions and lectures. Fulfills a
distribution requirement in history, philosophy, and religion
Can be counted toward a religion major.

Mr. Trone

Course Descriptions I Interdepartmental Studies




211 Perspectives on Death and Dying

A study of death and dying from a variety of perspectives:
psychological, medical, economic, legal, and theological
Dignity in dying, what happens after death, euthanasia, body
disposal, and other such problems are examined Fulfills
distribution requirement in history, philosophy, or religion.
May be counted toward a religion major.

Mr. Moore

240 Energy Production and Use

Presents physical laws and concepts related to energy pro-
duction and use. Both renewable and non renewable energy
sources are studied Topics include fossil fuels, nuclear
power, solar energy and other alternative energy technolo-
gies Emphasis is also placed on the environmental and eco-
nomic implications of energy use

Mr. Cowan

213 Woman in the Ancient World

An investigation of the role/s of woman as reflected in the
myths, legends, epics, law codes, customs, and historical
records of the Sumenans, Babylonians, Egyptians, Hebrews,
Greeks, and Romans. The relevance of some of this for con-
temporary roles and problems is also examined. Alternate
years. Offered 1981-82.

Mr. Moore

227, 228 Civilization of India

First course: cultural developments from Indus Valley Civiliza-
tion to coming of Muslims, with emphasis on Buddhism,
evolution of Hinduism, and their representation in art and
literature; second course: historical factors underlying Hindu-
Muslim antagonism as well as contemporary political and
economic problems. Fulfills distribution requirement in his-
tory, philosophy, or religion and the distribution requirement in
Non-Western culture. Alternate years. Offered 1982-83.

Mrs. Gemmill

244 Introduction to American Folklore

An introduction to folkloric theory and method, followed by a
survey of the various types of folklore in America: myths, tales,
ballads, music, art, games, et cetera. The course evolves
through lectures, discussion of readings, and student reports,
culminating in each student investigating in some depth one
aspect of American folklore. Alternate years. Offered

Mr. Locher

246 American Humor

A tracing of the American comic spirit from its purely literary
and imported beginnings to its multi-media manifestations
today, attempting to isolate its distinctively American charac-
teristics. Its ties to society and politics will be stressed. In
addition to reading and discussing assigned texts, each
student will be asked to research, analyze, and report on one
American creator of humor. Alternate years.

Mr. Locher

235 Introduction to African Literature

A survey in English of modern sub-Saharan African literature.
After an introductory section on background and the oral
tradition, the course will treat the primary themes of this writ-
ing, many of which bear the stamp of the colonial experience
and its aftermath. Representative novels, plays and poetry
will be read and discussed for their artistic value and cul-
tural insights. Short papers, mid-term and final examinations
are required. Fulfills distribution requirement in literature and
the distribution requirement in Non-Western culture. Alter-
nate years. Offered 1982-83.

Mr. Michelman

237, 238 Literature of India

Study of major literary works of Indian culture from the stand-
point of religion, history, and aesthetics. First course includes:
Vedic hymns, major epics, Sanskrit drama, literature of the
Gupta period. Second course includes: epics and lyrics of the
Tamil culture, bhakti poetry, Persian literary tradition, the
Western-inspired modern novel. Complete works read and
discussed using criticism from Western and Indian sources.
Fulfills distribution requirement in literature and the distribu-
tion requirement in Non-Western culture. Alternate years.
Offered 1983-84.

Mrs Gemmill

250 Criminal Justice

Overview of the criminal justice system in the United States
and role in that system of features such as police, attorneys,
trials and prisons. Major United States Supreme Court cases
are read to illustrate the nature of legal reasoning and crim-
inal justice problems.

Mr, Nordvall

301, 302 Literature of Modern Western Culture

Continues the study of major literary documents into the nine-
teenth and twentieth centuries. Novels, dramas, and short
stories are discussed as artistic structures and are seen in
their relationship to modern culture. Representative writers
include the French and Russian realists. James, Joyce,
Kafka, Mann, Camus, Albee, and Dickey. Fulfills distribution
requirement in literature.

Messrs. Lindeman and Loose

312 Theology and Literature

Critical reading of representative theological writings and of
the Modern Period to bring into focus dominant religious ideas
influencing Western culture since 1800 and to attempt to
discern the form and content given to those ideas by men of
letters. Fulfills distribution requirement in history, philosophy,
and religion; or in literature; may count toward religion major.

Mr. Loose

82 0>

— H

1904-1910 Samuel G. Hefelbower is President

320 Human Sexual Behavior

Discussion of biosexual, sociosexual and psychosexual
development in a cultural-behavioral setting. Resourcesfrom
a variety of disciplines will be discussed as they relate to the
present day social-sexual milieu. Seminar format In-depth
research investigation required

Mr. Jones

350 History of Modern Western Thought
Covers the major ideas and intellectual movements of the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries in the natural sciences;
economic, social, and political thought; philosophy, religion,
and the arts. The chronological approach to the material
emphasizes historical relationships between ideas yet gives
attention to general historical context. The course seeks
primarily to understand our recent intellectual heritage and its
impact on the contemporary mind. Open to juniors and sen-
iors; to others with instructor's permission. Fulfills distri-
bution requirement in history, philosophy, or religion.

Mr. Schubart

401 Senior Scholars' Seminar: The Future of Man

Seminar for selected senior students addressing an important
contemporary issue affecting the future of man. The ap-
proach to this issue is multi-disciplinary. Authorities of na-
tional stature are invited to serve as resource persons, and a
final report is published by the seminar participants. The
seminar carries credit for two courses and must be taken in
the Fall and January terms. Interested students should con-
sult page 31 of this catalogue for admission criteria.

451 Individualized Study: Tutorial in Interdepartmental

461 Individualized Study: Research in Interdepartmental

1 ) An introduction to South Asia including Civ-
ilization of India and religions of South Asia.

2. An introduction to East Asia including His-
tory of East Asia and such courses as Re-
ligions of East Asia and West Asia and
Modern China.

3. The Consortium exchange program by
which students may take selected courses
dealing with East Asia or South Asia at Wil-
son, Dickinson or Franklin & Marshall Col-

4. Any two-term sequence of courses in Asian
Studies taken at Gettysburg followed by an
intensive senior year of work in an Asian
language and area courses at the Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania.

5. The Central Pennsylvania Consortium ar-
rangement whereby students may engage
with full academic credit in a summer and a
fall semester in India. Interested students
should consult the Dean of the College or
Committee on Interdepartmental Studies for
further information.


IDS 227, 228 Civilization of India

IDS 237, 238 Literature of India

History 221, 222 History of East Asia

History 321 Modern China

Religion 241 The Religions of South Asia

Religion 242 The Religions of East Asia and West Asia



Gettysburg College offers a number of courses
for students wishing a sound introduction to Asian
culture as part of the liberal arts curriculum. Each
Asian Studies course fulfills some distribution
requirement. These courses are presented by
members of various departments, persons with
interests and competence in Asian Studies. A
student may construct a Special Major with
concentration in Asian Studies. Students wishing
to prepare for advanced work in Asian Studies will
be interested in the following course combina-
tions supplemented by off-campus Language
and Area Study programs to which the College
has access:


Gettysburg College offers a variety of courses
analyzing American life and thought, thereby
providing students with many opportunities for
creating Special Majors in American Studies.
Such majors may emphasize behavioral analy-
ses, historical perspectives, literary and artistic
dimensions, or coherent combinations of such
approaches as they are reflected in courses from
several departments. For example, Special Ma-
jors could be designed in the areas of early
American culture, modern American social strati-
fication, ethnicity, and politics in twentieth-cen-
tury America, or the religious and economic
values of the American people. Students should
seek assistance in planning an American Studies
Special Major from faculty members who teach

Course Descriptions I Interdepartmental Studies fr^y\ 83

courses in these areas or from the faculty's
Committee on Interdepartmental Studies.

Course offerings suitable for Special Majors in
American Studies are found under many depart-
mental listings. In addition to courses described in
this catalogue, the January Term catalogue lists
many courses offered by a variety of departments
or as interdepartmental courses. Such courses
may also be applicable to special interdepart-
mental programs.


Through the curricular offerings of eight aca-
demic departments and the Interdepartmental
Studies Program, the College makes available a
wide range of courses that deal with the civiliza-
tion and culture of the Medieval and Renaissance
eras. Those eras laid the foundations for many
modern ideas and values in the fields of literature,
history, religion, political theory, music, art, sci-
ence, technology, commerce, mathematics, and
law. For many students concerned with a more
realistic understanding of the rich heritage de-
rived from the Medieval and Renaissance world,
the vitality and creative energy of those eras hold
a special fascination and add newdimensionsfor
comprehending contemporary issues.

Faculty members teacing courses in these areas
are organized as the Council on Medieval and
Renaissance Studies in order to facilitate schol-
arship and course development, to provide a
forum for the discussion and promotion of ideas
and common interests, to encourage Special
Majors, and to sponsor visits by students and
faculty to museums and cultural centers in New
York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington.
The Council has also been active in sponsoring
distinguished visiting lecturers and performances
of medieval music and drama. Special majors in
this area might deal with the medieval church and
the arts, medieval literature and philosophy, orthe
ideological and institutional revolutions of the
Renaissance. Students should seek assistance in
planning such Special Majors through the Coun-
cil on Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Pro-
fessor George H. Fick, History Department,


Art 111 Ideas and Events Behind the Arts

Art 203 Italian Painting, 1300-1600

Art 205 Northern European Painting, 1400-1700

Art 215 History of Architecture and Sculpture to 1750

Classics: Latin 306 St. Augustine

English 302 History of the English Language

English 331 Mediaeval Literature

English 334 Renaissance Literature

English 362 Chaucer

English 365, 366 Shakespeare

English Theatre Arts 203 History of the Theatre

History 203 History of England

History 311, 312 Medieval Europe

History 313 Renaissance and Reformation

IDS 101 Ideas and Institutions of Western Man

IDS 103, 104 Literary Foundations of Western Culture

IDS 206 Byzantine Civilization

Music 312 History of Medieval, Renaissance, and

Baroque Music
Philosophy 303 History of Philosophy: Classical Philosophy
Philosophy 304 History of Philosophy: Medieval and

Early Modern
Religion 121 Church History: To the Eighth Century
Spanish 305 History of Spanish Literature: Origins

to 1700




Course Descriptions I Mathematics


Professors Fryling and Holder (Chairman)
Associate Professors Flesner, Kellett,
Leinbach, and Moorhead


A knowledge of mathematics is an essential part
of what is meant by a liberally educated person.
Mathematics is both an art and a science. It
possesses an inherent beauty and exhibits a
precision and purity of expression not found to the
same degree in any other discipline. Beyond its
intrinsic value, mathematics in indispensable in
the physical sciences and is occupying a position
of increasing importance in the social sciences
as well. This applied aspect of mathematics has
been dramatically enhanced with the advent and
rapid development of the high speed electronic
digital computer. It is important that mathematics
majors as well as other students who will apply
mathematics learn how to use this powerful
problem solving tool.

The mathematics curriculum provides a founda-
tion for students who will specialize in mathema-
tics or in fields which utilize mathematics. By a
careful selection of courses a student can
prepare for graduate study in mathematics, for
secondary school teaching, or for a career in
applied mathematics. The curriculum also pro-
vides courses appropriate for liberal arts students
who wish to gain an appreciation of mathematics.


The department offers two programs, one in
Mathematics and one in Mathematical Sciences.
Both programs build on a basic core of courses
required of all majors. This core consists of the
following five courses:

Math 111-112: Calculus of a Single Variable

Math 211: Multivariate Calculus

Math 212: Linear Algebra

Math 234: Introduction to Modern Algebra

Advanced placement in the calculus sequence
Math 1 1 1 -1 12, 21 1 is possible for those who have
scored sufficiently high on the Advanced Place-
ment Examination. Such placement will be de-
termined by the Department Chairman in accor-
dance with College policy (see page 131 ).


This program is recommended for students
planning graduate study in mathematics, for
students planning careers as secondary schqol
teachers of mathematics, and for students who
wish to gain an appreciation of the power and
beauty of mathematics within a liberal arts

Requirements (non-teaching objective):
Core, plus Math 31 3, plus six other 300-level
mathematics courses.

Requirements for Teacher candidates:
Core, plus Math 313, 343, Ed304, and three
other 300-level mathematics courses.

It is recommended that students planning gradu-
ate study in mathematics take Math 333, 365, and
one or more of the courses offered as Selected
Topics, Math 381, 382.


The Mathematical Sciences include applied
mathematics in the physical sciences, computer
science, operations research, statistics, and
actuarial science. This program provides intro-
ductory courses in each of these fields and a
foundation for more specialized future study.
Applications of mathematics in the social sci-
iences involve statistics, operations research,
and the computer.
Core, plus Math 275, 357-358, and one
course from Math 262, 362, and 363. In ad-
dition, the student will elect three other
mathematics courses at the 200- or 300-
Recommendations for course electives in each
field are:

Physical Science: Math 363 or 365, 364, 366

Course Descriptions I Mathematics




Computer: Math 276, 360, 365, 366
Operations Research: Math 262, 359, 362
Statistics: Math 359, 360, 362
Actuarial Science: Math 359, 360, 366

Students who plan graduate study in any of the
mathematical sciences should also take Math

It is recommended that mathematics majors fulfill
their science distribution requirement by taking
Physics 111,112, since these courses especially
enhance the calculus.

Mathematics majors in either of the two programs
are encouraged to pursue in some depth an allied
field in which mathematics can be applied.
Applications of mathematics in the physical
sciences have long been recognized, and in
these fields the importance of mathematics
continues to grow. To an increasing extent
mathematics also is being employed in the social
and life sciences, especially in biology, in eco-
nomics, in psychology, in sociology, and in
certain aspects of medicine. A secondary con-
centration in any one of these fields provides a
useful supplement for a mathematics major
although mathematics students can, of course,
join the study of mathematics with a concentra-
tion in any of the areas of study offered by the
College. To further encourage such collateral
study, permission may be granted to substitute
one course from an allied field for a mathematics
elective in either program. Such a course must
employ mathematics at an advanced level, and
be approved in advance by the Mathematics
Department. This option is not open to majors
preparing for teaching certification.


112 provides an introduction to a programming
language during weekly computer periods in
which problems related to the calculus are
carried out. Mathematics 211, 212 and several
higher level courses in mathematics offer further
experience in computing.

Because of the importance of electronic digital
computers in almost every aspect of applications
of mathematics, it is essential that students
majoring in mathematics become acquainted at
an early stage with the potential as well as the
limitations of computers. Each student should
develop facility in algorithmic thinking and the use
of the computer as a tool in problem solving. In
order to accomplish this goal, Mathematics 1 1 1 -


O^i 7906 College enrollment exceeds 200 for first time


107 Applied Statistics

Designed for students in the Biological and Social Sciences
Topics include descriptive statistics, fundamentals of pro-
bability theory, hypothesis testing, correlation, regression,
and analysis of variance. An important aspect of the course
is a laboratory period in which students learn how to do a
statistical study using a statistical package on the computer
Credit may not be granted for Mathematics 107 and Eco-
nomics 241 . Three lecture hours and two laboratory hours
per week.


108 Applied Calculus

Designed for students in the Biological and Social Sciences.
The major concepts of this course include differentiation and
integration of algebraic, logarithmic, and exponential func-
tions Applications appropriate to the disciplines cited above
will be emphasized. Credit may not be granted for Mathema-
tics 1 08 and Mathematics 1 1 1


110 Introductory Analysis

Preparation for the study of calculus. Topics include: review
of algebra and trigonometry, elementary functions, and basic
concepts of calculus. This course together with Mathematics
J 21 (Calculus and the Computer) will provide adequate
preparation for Mathematics 112


111-112 Calculus of a Single Variable

Differential and integral calculus of one real variable Topics
include introduction to limits, continuity, the derivative, the
definite integral, sequences, series, and elementary differen-
tial equations. Both theory and applications are stressed.
Course includes an introduction to computer programming
and weekly computer assignments in which problems relat-
ing to calculus and the computer are carried out. No prior
experience with calculus or computing is assumed. Four
lecture hours each week.


117-118 Calculus and Matrix Algebra
Aspects of calculus and matrix algebra which are most
important in economics and business administration Both
single and multivariate calculus will be studied, with particu-

Online LibraryOrville J. (Orville James) VictorGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1977/78-1981/82) → online text (page 96 of 108)