Orville J. (Orville James) Victor.

Gettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1987/88-1991/92) online

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tests will be studied in depth. Empirical research
on each test will be examined. Laboratory work
will include the development of skills in test
administration, scoring, and interpretation. Each
student will also design, conduct, analyze, and
write up an experiment evaluating some aspect
of personality test or measure. Prerequisites:
Psychology 221 and 305. Three class hours and
the equivalent of three laboratory hours.


316 Perception

Introduction to sensory and perceptual
processes in vision. Lectures deal with sensory
coding, feature detection, figural synthesis, and
semantic integration. Laboratory work includes
several minor studies and one major two-person
group research study on a special topic of the
students' own choice on some aspect of human
facial perception. Prerequisite: Psychology 305.
Three class hours and the equivalent of three
laboratory hours.

Mr. Mudd

317 Memory and Social Cognition

An introduction to human memory and social
cognition. Attention will focus on factors known
to influence the storage and retrieval of social
information. Errors and biases in human
judgment will also be examined. Prerequisite:
Psychology 305. Three class hours and three
laboratory hours.

Mr. D'Agostino

318 Experimental Social Psychology

Study of specific content areas in social
psychology. Current theories and empirical data
will be used to illustrate experimental designs
and relevant methodological considerations.
Laboratory work includes the design, execution,


and analysis of two original experiments.
Prerequisites: Psychology 214 and Psychology
305, or permission of the instructor. Three class
hours and the equivalent of three laboratory

Ms. Riggs and Mr. Pittman

322 Clinical and Counseling Psychology:
Uses and Abuses

A survey of the various topics and issues of
contemporary clinical and counseling
psychology. Topics covered include
psychotherapy, diagnosis and psychological
testing, ethical issues, and research in clinical
psychology. The course is not a practicum.
Prerequisite: Psychology 221 or 326. Offered
spring semester, alternate years. Offered

Mr. Born stein

325 Experimental Developmental Psychology

An intensive study of one or more areas of
research in cognitive, social, or language
development. Emphasis is placed on unique
characteristics of research with children and/or
adults across the life span. Laboratory work
includes the design, execution, and analysis of a
research project. Prerequisites: Psychology 225
and Psychology 305. Three class hours and three
laboratory hours.

Ms. Gobbel

326 Abnormal Psychology

An introduction to psychopathology and
abnormal behavior, with particular attention to
conceptual, methodological, and ethical issues
involved in the study of abnormal psychology.
Models of psychopathology and
psychodiagnosis are discussed with an
emphasis on the empirical evidence for different

Mr. Born stein

336 Neuropsychology

Advanced discussion of the topics included in
Psychology 236 as well as an in-depth treatment
of brain development and the neurological basis
of behavior. Prerequisites: Psychology 236 and
305 or permission of the instructor. Three class
hours and three laboratory hours.

Mr. lor em

341 History of Experimental Psychology

A review of the development of psychology to
the present. Emphasis is on the role of the
reference, or defining, experiment in setting the
course of major programs of research in
psychology over the past century. Two
demonstration experiments are required.

Mr. Mudd


400 Seminar

An opportunity to work on a selected topic in a
small group under the guidance of a member of
the staff. Not offered every semester. The topic
for a given semester is announced well in
advance. Enrollment by permission of the
instructor. May be repeated.


421 Personality Theory: Seminar

Selected issues in the study of personality are
examined in detail, with an emphasis on the
empirical validation of different models and
concepts in personality. Content of this course
may vary, with different topics and issues taken
up in different years. Prerequisites: Psychology
221 and Junior or Senior status. Meets three
hours once a week. Alternate years.

Mr. Bornstein

Individualized Reading

Opportunity to do intensive and critical reading
and to write a term paper on a topic of special
interest. Student will be expected to become
thoroughly familiar with reference books,
microfilms, and scientific journals available for
library research in the field of psychology.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. May
be repeated.


Individualized Empirical Research

Design and execution of an empirical study
involving the collection and analysis of data in
relation to some psychological problem under
the supervision of a staff member. Students are
required to present an acceptable research
proposal no later than four weeks following the
beginning of the semester or to withdraw from
the course. Research culminates in a paper.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. May
be repeated.


Honors Thesis

Designed to meet the needs of the clearly
superior student. During the senior year each
participant will engage in an original program of
research under the direction of a thesis
committee. In addition to completing a formal
thesis, each student will present and discuss his
or her research before the entire staff.
Successful completion of the program entitles
the student to receive credit for two courses
which can be applied towards a Psychology
major. Prerequisite: By invitation of the
Department only.





Professors Hammann and Moore

Associate Professor Trone
Assistant Professors McTighe and C. Myers


Essential to an understanding of the past and the
present is a study of the varied religious
experiences, beliefs, and institutions of
humankind. The Department offers courses in the
areas of biblical studies, history of religions, and
religious thought, all of which investigate the
complex phenomenon of religion.

Requirements and Recommendations

A major consists of 10 courses, 8 within the
Department and 2 outside of it. Acceptable
courses outside the Department include:

Greek 204 New Testament Greek

Latin 306 St. Augustine

IDS 206 Byzantine Civilization

211 Perspectives on Death and Dying

227 Civilization of India

237 Literature of India

Hist. 311, 312 Medieval Europe

313 Renaissance and Reformation

Music 108 Church Music of J.S. Bach

Phil. 203 Classical Greek and Roman Philosophy

Soc. 205 Sociology of Religion

With the permission of the Department of
Religion, a student may substitute for the above
list one or even two courses from other
departments. Of the 8 courses taken within the
Department of Religion, at least 3 must be at the
300-level; and one must be Religion 460 or 470;
and no more than one 100-level may be included.
The Department encourages qualified students to
consider internships and/or overseas study,
including the junior year abroad.

The Department's rationale behind course
numbering is as follows:

100-level courses are essentially topical and

200-level courses are surveys which usually take
a historical approach. The 200-level courses are
especially appropriate for an introduction to the
major. Neither 100- or 200-level courses have a


300-level courses are more narrowly focused or
specialized, often examining in greater detail
some issue or area treated more generally in a
previous course.

Since some upper-level courses are not offered
every year, students should consult with
individual instructors when planning their
programs. Those planning to attend seminary or
a graduate school in religion should consider
either a major or a minor in the Department.

A minor consists of 6 courses, one of which may
be an approved course outside the Department
but not in the student's major. Nor may there be
more than two 100-level courses.

Distribution Requirements

Any one of the 100- or 200-level courses will
fulfill the one-course distribution requirement in
religion, the difference between 100- and 200-
level courses being a matter of emphasis rather
than degree of difficulty or advanced character.
The following courses meet the distribution
requirement in Non-Western culture: 202 and 242.

100- and 200-Level

105 The Bible and Modern Moral Issues

An investigation of the relevance of the Bible for
life in the twentieth century. Some issues studied
from biblical perspective include sex roles and
sexual relations, economic inequities and legal
injustices. Among topics to be covered are
marriage and divorce, homosexuality, women's
rights, poverty, war and peace. Three class
hours. No prerequisites. Open to freshmen and
sophomores only. Offered every year.

Mr. Myers

108 Wisdom Literature

A comparative study of Job, Psalms, Proverbs,
Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Songs with the
wisdom literature of the Sumerians, Egyptians,
Babylonians, and other contemporaries and
predecessors of the Israelites. Fulfills the
distribution requirement in Non-Western culture.

Mr. Moore

113 Women in the Ancient World

An investigation of the role/s of woman as
reflected in the myths, legends, epics, law codes,
customs, and historical records of the
Sumerians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Hebrews,
Greeks, and Romans. The relevance of some of
this for contemporary roles and problems is also
examined. May be counted in the eight-course



requirement for a religion major.

Mr. Moore

117 Topics in Biblical Studies

An intensive study of a religious topic, problem,
writer, or theme in the field of Biblical Studies.
Offered at the discretion of the Department.


127 Topics in History of Religions

An intensive study of a religious topic, problem,
writer, or theme in the field of History of
Religions. Offered at the discretion of the


135 Religion in Fiction

An examination of the fictional representation of
religious stories. The works of Lewis, Malamud,
Olson, Kazantzakis, MacLeish, Lagerkvist, and
others will be read.

Mr. Hammann

137 Topics in Religious Thought

An intensive study of a religious topic, problem,
writer, or theme in the field of Religious Thought.
Offered at the discretion of the Department.


138 Christian Humanism

A review of Christian ideas about human dignity,
potential, and responsibilities by examining
Christian classics from the Bible to the present in
order to define the uniqueness of Christian

Mr. Trone

139 Catholics, Protestants, and Jews

A study of mainline religious groups in the U.S.
The course will consider the particular history
and distinctive character of the Roman Catholic
Church, Conservative Judaism, and other groups
such as the Methodists, Presbyterians, and
Mennonites. Insofar as possible, the religious
bodies studied will be represented by
participants in the life and governance of the

Mr. Hammann and Mr. McTighe

140 Religion and Politics in the Twentieth
Century U.S.

A survey of the relationship between religion and
public life since 1900. Emphasis will be on the
constitutional framework which guides the
church-state debate, and on efforts to use
religion to influence political policies and social
values. Supreme Court decisions, Martin Luther
King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement, the

Catholic Worker Movement, and the Moral
Majority will be included.

Mr. McTighe

204 History, Literature, and Religion of the
Old Testament

A study of the history, literature, and religion of
the Hebrews from the age of Abraham to about
500 B.C. The history and culture of Israel are
related to those of surrounding nations, with
special emphasis on the relevancy of
archeological data.

Mr. Moore

205 History. Literature, and Religion of the
New Testament

An introduction to the writings of the New
Testament as they originated in their Greco-
Roman milieu. Emphasis is on the distinctive
purposes and main content of each writing. The
use of source, form, and redaction criticism as
tools for the academic study of the New
Testament is demonstrated.

Mr. C. Myers

220 Church History: To the Eighth Century

A historical study of all groups who claimed to
be Christian from Pentecost to the eighth
century. Theologies, liturgies, councils, heresies,
and the outstanding participants are examined
with the aid of primary documents.

Mr. Trone

221 History of the Medieval Church

A historical study that continues Religion 121 up
to the fifteenth century. The Latin, Orthodox, and
the heretical traditions and institutions will be
included. Religion 121 is not a prerequisite for
this course.

Mr. Trone

111 Church History: Fifteenth to Twentieth Century

A historical overview of the development of
Christian beliefs and practices from the fifteenth
century to the present. This course will examine
the variety of ways in which individual believers,
congregations, and ecclesiastical authorities
have articulated what it means to be a Christian
during different historical periods and in
different social contexts from pre-Reformation
Germany to modern-day Latin America.

Mr. McTighe

223 Religions in U.S.

An investigation of the religious history of the
American people from the seventeenth century to
the present. This course will focus upon the



varieties of American religious experience. It will
explore the Protestant, Roman Catholic, and
Jewish traditions along with indigenous
movements such as Mormonism and Christian

Mr. McTighe

224 The Religions of Black Americans

An examination of the religious traditions of
black Americans from slave religion to the
present. The course will concentrate on the
religious beliefs of black Americans and the
ways those beliefs have been used to develop
strategies to achieve freedom and justice. The
general approach of the course will be historical.
Among the subjects to be covered will be the
influence of African religion, black religious
nationalism, pentecostalism, spirituals and
gospel music, and the civil rights movement. To
be offered in alternate years.

Mr. McTighe

236 Religions from the Center to the Fringe

A historical and critical study of recent
unconventional religious movements primarily in
the West. Movements such as Baha'i, Jehovah's
Witnesses, Latter-day Saints, Unification Church,
ISKCON, Scientology, Ahmadi Islam, and others
will be considered. The study will aim at
understanding religious characteristics as well
as social effects of these movements.

Mr. Hammann

242 The Religions of East Asia and West Asia

Primarily an examination of the varieties of
historical and contemporary Buddhism and
Islam. The class will also study some other
religious traditions from east or west Asia that
can be contrasted with Buddhism and Islam.
Insofar as possible, original sources in
translation will be used. Fulfills the distribution
requirement in Non-Western culture.

Mr. Hammann

301 The Prophets of the Old Testament

A historical and sociological study of the life and
times of Israel's prophets as drawn from the Old
Testament and extra-Biblical sources, with
special emphasis given to both the importance of
prophetic interpretations for their own day and
to their lasting effect upon Judeo-Christian

Mr. Moore

311 Jesus in the First Three Gospels

An examination of the Jesus tradition as
interpreted in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and

Luke using the techniques of source, form,
redaction, and literary criticism. Special
attention is given to the distinctive perspective
of each Gospel. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or
permission of instructor.

Mr. C. Myers

312 The Gospel of John

An exploration of the thought and content of the
Fourth Gospel. An effort is made to determine the
background, purposes for writing, and
community addressed by John's Gospel. The
question of its relationship to the Synoptic
Gospels and to the Epistles of John is also
included. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or permission
of instructor.

Mr. C. Myers

314 The Apostle Paul

A study of the life, letters, and legacy of this
early Christian through a careful consideration
of primary and selected secondary sources.
Particular attention will be given to
understanding the Pauline literature in its
historical context. Ancient and modern
interpretations of Paul's life and work are also
treated. Prerequisite: Religion 111 or permission
of the instructor.

Mr. C. Myers

327 Monks, Nuns, and Friars

A study of the rules and practices of religious
orders for men and women for Latin and
Orthodox to the fifteenth century. The course will
also include the art and architecture produced by
these orders and some of the famous ascetic

Mr. Trone

332 History of Christian Thought: Fifteenth to
Nineteenth Century

An examination of major works by represen-
tative theologians from the eve of the
Reformation through the Enlightenment including
Julian of Norwick, Luther, Calvin, Teresa of
Avila, Jonathan Edwards, Locke, John Wesley,
Kant, Kierkegaard, and others.

Mr. McTighe

333 Contemporary Religious Thought

Critical study of the primary theological
literature of nineteenth and twentieth century
Europe and America. Contrasts and continuity of
themes, constitutive ideas, and movements in
representative works by Schleiermacher,
Kierkegaard, Bultmann, Tillich, Buber,
Bonhoeffer, Altizer, Daly, liberation theologians,
and others are examined for the purpose of


Religion / Sociology and Anthropology

determining the basic presuppositions
underlying the various texts.

Mr. McTighe

460 Individualized Study for Majors



470 Individualized Study and

474 Summer Internships

IDS 206 Byzantine Civilization

For course description see Interdepartmental

Mr. Trone

IDS 21 1 Perspectives on Death and Dying

For Course Description see Interdepartmental

Mr. Moore

Sociology and Anthropology

Professor Hook

Associate Professors Emmons, Hinrichs,

and Loveland
Assistant Professors Gill and Young


Studies in the Department are directed toward
understanding social organization and action
and the role of culture in shaping human
behavior. Reflecting the diversity of perspectives
in sociology and anthropology, the courses
present various, sometimes conflicting
approaches. Some perspectives start with
individuals in interaction with each other and
focus upon how they develop meaningful social
relationships, groups, and institutions. Other
approaches focus upon the molding of
individuals by various institutions, groups, and
cultures or upon the functional or conflict
relationships among various classes and
subcultures. By emphasizing the scientific and
comparative study of social institutions and
cultures, the Department seeks to have students
develop an understanding of social realities and
to increase their competence in dealing critically
and constructively with social problems and
programs for social change.

The Department's goals are to contribute to the
liberal arts education at Gettysburg College, to
provide a solid academic foundation in sociology

and anthropology for students interested in
graduate study, to assist students in meeting
their academic and career needs, and to acquaint
all students who take our courses with the
sociological perspective. The courses reflect the
diversity of perspectives in sociology as a
discipline and cover the core subject matter of
the field.

Majors are prepared for graduate education in
sociology, urban planning, law, communication,
law enforcement, social work, criminology,
anthropology, health care, theology, and library
science, as well as for careers in teaching,
business, and fields related to the graduate
programs cited. The Department has a chapter of
Alpha Kappa Delta, the Sociological Honor
Society. The Department emphasizes a
commitment to experiential education; field trips,
travel seminars, and internships. A Student-
Faculty Liaison Committee operates within the
Department to provide a means to respond to the
particular needs and interests expressed by the

Requirements and Recommendations

Sociology 101 is a prerequisite for all other
sociology courses; and Anthropology 103 is
considered a prerequisite for all other
anthropology courses except culture area
courses (Anthropology 211) and the ethnography
course (Anthropology 220). Exemption from
Sociology 101 is possible through satisfactory
performance in a written examination.

Students majoring in the department will take a
minimum of ten courses. Students must take
Sociology 101, 302, 303, 304, 305 (Contemporary
Sociological Theory), 400 and Anthropology 103
(may substitute an upper-level Anthropology
course which is not a culture area course with
permission). Additionally, students will take two
electives from the following social process and
inequality courses: 202, 208, 209, 210, 212, 217;
and one elective from Sociology 205, 206, 207,
213, 218, 219, 225, 226, 460 or Anthropology 211,
215, 216, 220, 223, 224. For students in the class
of 1989 who are devotees of Anthropology the
department offers an Anthropology track.
Students in the track will take a minimum of 10
courses. Students must take Sociology 101, 302,
303, 304 and Anthropology 103. Also, students
will take one culture area course selected from
Anthropology 211, 220, 223, 224, Sociology 219 or
F&M substitute; one topics course selected from
Anthropology 215, 216 or an F&M substitute; one
elective from Sociology 202, 205, 206, 208, 209,


Sociology and Anthropology

210, 212, 213, or 217; one additional elective in
Anthropology; and Anthropology 450 or 460 or an
F&M substitute.

In order to insure adequate preparation for
Sociology 303, majors in the class of 1989 must
have a background in math through Algebra II or
its equivalent in high school or through Math 101
or its equivalent in college before enrolling in
Sociology 303.

In response to varying needs, interests, and
expertise of individual students and staff
members, the Department provides means for
students to pursue independent research and
studies through Sociology 450 and 460, field
work application or direct experience, and other
opportunities to expand specialized interests.
Sociology 460 is a requirement for departmental
honors, and students who want to be considered
for honors should enroll in this course.

Supporting courses for the major are normally
chosen from the social sciences and the
humanities. Computer Science 105 is
recommended as preparation for graduate study
in sociology.

Students who are not majors in the Department
may minor in either Sociology or Anthropology.
Six courses are required for the minor in
Sociology. Students must take Sociology 101,
302, and 304. The remaining three courses may
be elected from departmental offerings, with the
exception of Sociology 450, 470; no more than
two of these three electives may be in

Six courses are required for the minor in
Anthropology. Students must take Anthropology
103. Three additional courses must be elected
from the other Anthropology offerings (one of
these may be Anthropology 450, Individualized
Study in Anthropology). One non-anthropology
course must be selected from the list of courses
that fulfill the non-western studies distribution
requirement. One sociology course must be
selected from the following: 101, 202, 206, 208,
209, 226, 302.

Distribution Requirements

All courses except Sociology 302 and 303 may be
used to fulfill the distribution requirement in
social science. All courses in Anthropology and
Sociology 219 may be used to meet the Non-
Western culture distribution requirement.

101 Introductory Sociology

Study of the basic structures and dynamics of
human societies and the development of
principles and basic concepts used in
sociological analysis and research. Topics will
include culture, socialization, social institutions,
stratification, and social change.


202 Wealth, Power, and Prestige

Examination of social ranking and rating
systems. Topics include social classes, social
mobility, economic and political power, and
informal prestige and fame.

Mr. Emmons and Ms. Young

205 Sociology of Religion

Examination of the relation of religion and

Online LibraryOrville J. (Orville James) VictorGettysburg College Catalog (Volume 1987/88-1991/92) → online text (page 42 of 133)