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A

DICTIONARY



OF



AMERICAN AUTHORS



OSCAR. FAY ADAMS

AVTMOR OF " THE STORY OF JANE AUSTEN's LIFE," " THE ARCHBISHOP's

UNGUARDED M^ilENT," ETC. ; EDITOR OF " THROUGH

THE YEAR WITH THE POETS,'' ETC.



FIFTH EDITION
REVISED AND ENLARGED



M



PS 2.1



BOSTON AND NEW YORK
HOUGHTON MIFFLIN COMPANY
1904

REPUBLISHED BY GALE RESEARCH COMPANY, BOOK TOWER, DETROIT, 1969



COPYRIGHT 1884, 1897, 1904
BY OSCAR FAY ADAMS




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Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 68-21751

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY



Co



PREFACE TO THE FIFTH EDITION



In the present issue of this work such errors and misprints as the writer or
others have noted in earlier editions are corrected, while the supplement has
been extended sixty-five pages by the insertion of thirteen hundred and twenty
names in excess of those included in the fourth edition. Wherever needful
the entries in this portion of the volume have been materially amplified, and
this has occurred in numerous instances, while throughout the book there have
been supplied many dates of deaths happening since the first issue of the Dic-
tionary, in 1897. Since that year the work has been enlarged to the extent of
one hundred and forty-six pages of addenda in all, and though it still falls
much short of perfection in its line, the writer trusts that it will yet be found
responsive to all reasonable requirements that may be made upon it.

Boston, Decembeb 1, 1904.



PREFACE.



The present Tolume is an outgrowth of the writer's " Handbook of American
Authors," first published in 1884, several features which the judgment of the
public approved in the earlier work having been retained in this. Without
pretending to contain an exhaustive list of American writers, it may neverthe-
less lay claim to be fairly inclusive, as the more than six thousand names herein
mei tioned will serve to show. A few names that might naturally be looked
for here have been omitted at the request of their owners; while some others
have not been included, for the reason that diligent search failed to discover
any trustworthy data concerning them. Here and there, too, the reader may
chance upon unfilled dates of birth, or initials unexpanded. Yet in the ma-
jority of such cases application by letter made directly to the owners of the
names aforesaid, or to relatives and immediate friends of such persons, has
failed to elicit any response. All reasonable effort has been made to obtain
trustworthy information upon such points, but failure to obtain replies to let'
ters of inquiry must account for the greater number of such omissions ; and
here it may not be out of place to mention that information of more general
character obtained from private sources has now and then been received too
late to be of service, owing to the fact that the work was already electrotyped
before it came to hand.

In a comprehensive work like this, including so large a number of names
and so many thousand dates, errors must of necessity occur, and the author
cannot hope to escape adverse criticism in this respect. While absolute accu-
racy would have been impossible to attain, he has nevertheless taken no little
pains to approach this ideal ; and to this end, besides resorting to the ordinary
means of informatioft, he has consulted hundreds of catalogues of libraries,
colleges, and publishers, as well as denominational year-books, and in number-
less instances has availed himself of trustworthy information received directly
from private sources. It thus happens that in certain cases dates given in this
volume differ from those in other works of reference, and where this occurs
the reason for the adoption of a different date herein is supported by excellent
authority.

It has been thought advisable to retain the " u " in the spelling of such words
as "colour," "favour," and the like, the exceptions to this occurring in titles
where the spelling of the original has been followed. In connection with this



vi PREFACE

it may not be amiss to note that the original spelling of titles has been very
commonly though not invariably retained. To have done this in every instance,
however, would have entailed more labour than it was desirable to incur.

For several reasons the author has thought best in his classification of cer-
tain authors to discriminate between poets and verse-writers. To apply the
name of poet to each and every writer of verse would have been manifestly
unjust. The poets of a gener'ition are not numerous, but the verse-writers
are very many. If the term " poet " be loosely applied it loses its signification,
while to deny that name to many a writer of excellent verse is to do him no
injustice, but rather a service, as it is no disparagement to a private soldier not
to be addressed as colonel.

To the many persons who have so cordially responded to his letters of in-
quiry, and whom he may not thank by name, the writer desires in this place to
express his acknowledgments. To Mr. Arthur Mason Knapp, the superintend-
ent of the Bates Hall department of the Boston Public Library, he has been
indebted for very much in the way of help and suggestion from the time the
work was begun, and to other officials of that department he is under obli-
gations likewise. He also gratefully acknowledges much timely assistance
received from the publishing firms of Lee & Shepard, T. Y. Crowell & Co.,
and Lamson, WolfPe & Co. In the reading of the proofs many valuable sug-
gestions have been received from the proof-readers at the Riverside Press ; but
his especial thanks are due his friend, Mr. Francis H. Allen, of Boston, whose
watchful, critical supervision has been exercised upon every page of proof
from first to last. The debt of gratitude which the writer owes him for this
service may not be lightly estimated. Without his help, the book would have
fallen far short of whatever measure of excellence it may now be judged to
attain.

The Hebmttage,

Boston, Massachusetts,
June 17, 1897.



PUBLISHERS NAMED IN THIS VOLUIVIE.



Am America« Book Co New York.

Ap D. Appleton & Co New York.

Ar Arena Publishing Co Boston.

A. U. A American Unitarian Association Boston.

Ba Baker & Taylor Co New York.

Bai Henry Carey Baird & Co Philadelphia.

Ban Banner of Light Publishing Co Boston.

Bap American Baptist Publication Society. . . . Philadelphia.

Bar A. S. Barnes & Co New York.

Ben Benziger Bros New York.

Bo Bowen-Merrill Co Indianapolis.

Bon Bonnell, Silver & Co New York.

Bur Burrows Brothers Co Cleveland.

Cas Cassell Publishing Co New York.

Cent Century Co New York.

Clke Eobert Clarke Co Cincinnati.

Co Henry T. Coates & Co Philadelphia.

Cop Copeland & Day Boston.

C. P, S Congregational S. S. & Publishing Society. . Boston.

Cr Thomas Y. Crowell & Co New York and Boston.

Dil G. W. Dillingham Co New York.

Bit Oliver Ditson Co Boston.

Do Dodd, Mead & Co New York.

Dou Doubleday , Page & Co New York.

But E. P. Dutton & Co New York.

El George H. Ellis Boston.

Est Estes & Lauriat Boston.

Fen Pt. F. Fenno & Co New York.

Fl Flood & Vincent MeadvUle, Pa»

Fo Fords, Howard & Hulbert New York.

Fu Funk & Wagnalls Co New York.

Gi Ginn & Co Boston.

Har Harper & Bros New York.

He D. C. Heath & Co Boston.

Hi J. A. Hill & Co New York.

Ho Henry Holt & Co New York.

Hon Houghton, Mifflin & Co Boston.

Int International Book Co Chicago.

J. H. U. Johns Hopkins University Baltimore.

Ju Orange Judd Co New York.

Ke Charles H. Kerr & Co Chicago.

Kt Joseph Knig-ht Co.* Boston.

Lat Laird & Lee Chicago.

Lam Lamson, Wolffe & Co Boston.

Le. Lee & Shepard Boston.

Lgs Longmans, Green & Co London and New York.

Lip J. B. Lippincott Co Philadelphia.

Lit Little, Brown & Co Boston.

LI Lovell, Coryell & Co New York.

Lo Lothrop Publishing Co Boston.

* Since the above was in type the firm name has become L. C. Page & Co.



viii PUBLISHERS NAMED IN THIS VOLUME.

Lov A. Lovell & Co New York and Chicago.

Mac MacmiUan & Co New York and London.

Mar Marlier, Callanan & Co Boston.

Mc McClure, Phillips & Co New York.

Mer Merriam Co New York.

Meth Methodist Book Concern New York.

Mg A. C. McClurg & Co Chicago.

Mor John P. Morton & Co Louisville.

My David McKay Philadelphia.

Ne F. Tennyson Neely New York.

Pa L. C. Page & Co Boston.

Pen Penn Publishing Co Philadelphia.

Pr Preston & Bounds.. > . .Providence.

Put G. P. Putnam's Sons New York.

Ma Rand, McNally & Co Chicago and New York.

Ran A. D. F. Randolph & Co New York.

Hev Fleming H. Revell Co Chicago.

S,ic George H. Richmond & Co New York.

Pob Roberts Brothers Boston.

S Herbert S. Stone & Co Chicago.

Sc Scott, Foresman & Co Chicago.

Scr Charles Scribner's Sons New York.

Se N. J. Stone & Co San Francisco.

Sh Sheldon & Co New York.

Sil SUver, Burdett & Co Boston.

Sm Small, Maynard & Co Boston.

St Stone & Kimball New York.

Sto Frederick A. Stokes Co New York.

Vn D. Van Nostrand Co New York.

Wat John D. Wattles & Co Philadelphia.

We W. A. Wilde & Co Boston.

West West Publishing Co Milwaukee.

Wh Thomas Whittaker New York.

Wil John Wiley & Sons New York.

Wn Bradlee Whidden Boston.

Wy Way & Williams Chicago.



PLACE OF BIRTH OF AUTHORS.



The place of birth of the larger number of the authors mentioned in this volume
is indicated by an abbreviation placed before the date of birth, which the following
list will serve to explain : —



A.


Austria.


Mo.


Missouri.


Al.


Alabama.


Ms.


Massachusetts.


A.M.


Asia Minor.


N.


Norway.


Ar.


Argentina.


N.B.


New Brunswick.


Ark.


Arkansas.


N. C.


North Carolina.


B.


Brazil.


N.H.


New Hampshire.


Ba.


liermuda.


N.J.


New Jersey.


B.G.


British Guiana.


N.M.


New Mexico.


Bh.


Burmah.


N.S.


Nova Scotia.


Bm.


Belgium.


N. Y.


New York.


Bo.


Bohemia.


0.


Ohio.


Bv.


Bavaria.


Out.


Ontario.


C.


Cuba.


Or.


Oregon.


Cal.


California.


P.


Prussia.


Ch.


China.


Pa.


Pennsylvania.


Ct.


Connecticut.


P. E.


I.


Cy.


Ceylon.




Prince Edward Island.


Del.


Delaware.


Per.


Persia.


D. C.


District of Columbia.


Ph.


Philippine Islands.


Dk.


Denmark.


PL


Portugal.


E.


England.


Po.


Poland.


E.I.


East Indies.


Q.


Quebec.


F.


France.


R.


Russia.


Fl.


Florida.


B.L


Rhode Island.


G.


Germany.


S.


Scotland.


Ga.


Georgia.


Sa.


Syria.


Gr.


Greece.


S. C.


South Carolina.


H.


Holland.


Sd.


Switzerland.


H.I.


Hawaiian Islands.


Sg.


Schleswig.


Hy.


Hungary.


S.I.


Staten Island.


I.


Ireland.


Sil.


Silesia.


la.


Iowa.


SI.


Senegal.


II.


Illinois.


Sn.


Sweden.


Ind.


Indiana.


Sp.


Spain.


Ion.


Ionian Islands.


Sxy.


Saxony.


ly-


Italy.


Sy.


Sicily.


J.


Jamaica.


Tn.


Tennessee.


Ky.


Kentucky.


Ts.


Texas.


La.


Louisiana.


Ty.


Turkey.


.L.L


Long Island.


Va.


Virginia.


Ma.


Moravia.


Vt.


Vermont.


Mch.


Michigan.


W.


Wales.


Md.


Maryland.


Wa.


Westphalia.


Me.


Maine.


Wg.


Wurtemburg.


Mg.


Mecklenburg.


Wis.


Wisconsin.


Mi.


Mississippi.


W.L


West Indies.


Min.


Minnesota.


W. Va. West Virginia.



EXPLANATORY NOTE.

Brackets oceurriug in the names of men indicate that the portion they inclose
has been dropped from the owner's signature. In the names of women the bracketed
portion is the maiden name and, in the case of a second marriage, the first married
nam.e also.



A DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN AUTHORS*



Abbe, Cleveland. N. Y., 1838-

. A meteorologist of distinction

who in 1871 became professor of mete-
orology in the national weather bureau
and has since continued in that posi-
tion. The ir ore important of his many-
publications include Solar Spots and
Terrestrial Temperature ; A Plea for
Terrestrial Physics ; Atmospheric Ra-
diation; Treatise on Meteorological
Apparatus ; Preparatory Studies for
Deductive Methods in Meteorology.

Abbe, Frederick Randolph. Ct.,
1827-1889. ■ A Congregational clergy-
man in Massachusetts. The Temple
Rebuilt, a Poem of Christian Faith.

Abbey, Henry. N. Y., 1842 .

A resident of Kingston, New York,
who has published several collections of
pleasant unpretentious verse. Ballads
of Good Deeds ; The City of Success ;
May Dreams ; Ralph and Other Poems ;
Stories in Verse.

Abbey, Richard. N. Y., 1805-1891.
A prominent clergyman of the South-
em Methodist Church, among whose
many theological and controversial writ-
ings are. End of the Apostolical Succes-
sion; Creed of All Men; Diutumity;
Ecce Ecclesia, a reply to Ecce Homo ;
The City of God and the Church
Makers.

Abbot, Abiel. N. H., 1765-1859. A
Congregational clergyman of Connecti-
cut and Massachusetts. History of An-
dover ; Genealogy of the Abbot Family.

Abbot, Abiel. Ms., 1770-1828. A
Congregational clergyman of Beverly,
Massachusetts. Letters from Cuba.
His Sermons with Memoir were pub-
lished in 1831.

Abbot, Ezra, ilfe., 1819-1884. A Uni-
tarian biblical scholar of much promi-
nence, who was for many years a pro-



fessor in the Divinity School of Har-
vard University, and widely known for
the extent of his bibliographical ac-
quirements. Literature of the Doctrine
of a Future Life ; Authenticity of the
Fourth Gospel ; The Fourth Gospel and
Other Critical Essays. With H. B.
Hackett, infra, he prepared the Amer-
ican edition of Smith's Bible Diction-
ary. See Memorial of, 1SS4- El.

Abbot, Francis Ellingwood. Ms.,
1836-1903. A religious and philosoph-
ical thinker of advanced views, for some
years editor of The Index, whose home
was at Cambridge. Scientific Theism ;
The Way out of Agnosticism. Lit.

Abbot, Gorham Duromer. Me.,
1807-1874. A Congregational clergy-
man, long an educator of New York
city. He was a brother of Jacob Ab-
bott, infra, but returned to an older
spelling of his surname. Prayer-Book
for the Young ; Pleasure and Profit ;
The Family at Home.

Abbot, Henry Larcom. Ms., 1831-

. A general in the United States

army, of prominence as an engineer.
Besides several series of Professional
Papers, his writings include Lectures
on the Defence of the Sea Coast of the
United States ; Physics and Hydraulics
of the Mississippi River. Vn.

Abbot, Willis John. Ct, 1863 .

Grandson of J. S. C. Abbott, infra, but
using an older spelling of the surname.
A journalist of New York city. Blue
Jackets of 1776 ; Blue Jackets of 1812 ;
Blue Jackets of '61, three volumes of
history for young people ; Battle Fields
of '61 ; Battle Fields and Camp Fires ;
Battle Fields and Victory; Life of
Carter Harrison. Do.

Abbott, Arthur Vaughan. N. F.,
1854 . Son of B. V. Abbott, infra.



1 * See Addenda, p. 441.



ABBOTT



ABEEL



A civil, electrical, and mechanical en-
gineer of Chicago. Electrical Trans-
mission of Energy ; The Evolution of a
Switchboard ; History and Use of Test-
ing Machines ; Treatise on Fuel. Vn.

Abbott, Austin, ifs., 1831-1896. Son
of Jacob Abbott, infra. A lawyer of
New York city who was dean of the
Law School of New York University
at the time of his death. Besides pre-
paring several works with his brother
Benjamin, infra, he published Legal
Remembrancer, Principles and Forms
of Practice in Civil Actions in Courts
of Record ; The Law of Evidence ;
Select Cases on Code Pleading ; Digest
of New York Statutes.

Abbott, Benjamin Vaughan. Ms.,
1830-1890. Son of Jacob Abbott, in-
fra. A lawyer of New York city. Law
Dictionary ; Travelling Law School and
Famous Trials ; First Lessons in Gov-
ernment and Law ; Patent Laws of
All Nations ; Year-Book of Jurispru-
dence for 1880 ; Judge and Jury. ILar.
Lit. Lo.

Abbott, Charles Conrad. N. J.,

1843 . A naturalist and physician

of Trenton, New Jersey, whose writings
show a very close and sympathetic ob-
servation of nature. The Stone Age in
New Jersey ; Primitive Lidustry ; A
Naturalist's Rambles about Home ;
Cyclopaedia of Natural History ; Up-
land and Meadow ; Wasteland Wander-
ings ; The Birds About Us ; Days Out of
Doors ; Outings at Odd Times ; Recent
Rambles ; Travels in a Treetop ; Notes
of the Night ; A Colonial Wooing, a
novel ; Bird-Land Echoes. Ap. Cent.
Har. Lip.

Abbott, Charles Edward. Me.,
1811-1880. Brother of Jacob Abbott,
infra. An educator in Connecticut.
Down the Hill ; Village Boys.

Abbott, Edward. Me., 1841 -.

Son of Jacob Abbott, infra. An Epis-
copal clergyman of Cambridge, but
prior to 1878 a Congregational minister
and editor of The Congregationalist.
He is now [1897] the editor of The
Literary World. Dialogues of Christ ;
The Long Look series of juvenile
tales ; A Trip Eastward ; Revolution-
ary Times ; Paragraph History of the
United States ; Paragraph History of
the American Revolution. Rob.



Abbott, Jacob. Me., 1803-1879. An
educator of New England, who was a
voliuninous and popular writer for
young people. Among his numerous
writings the best known are The Fran-
conia Stories ; Marco Paul's Adven-
tuies ; The Rollo Books ; Histories of
Celebrated Sovereigns ; Harper's Story
Books. See Bibliography of Maine.
Cr. Har.

Abbott, John Stevens Cabot.
Me., 1805-1877. Brother of Jacob Ab-
bott, supra. An historical writer, whose
partisan spirit seriously impairs the
value of his very readable works. He
was for some years a Congregational
minister, but after 1844 devoted him-
self to literature and educational work.
Among his works are comprised The
Mother at Home ; Practical Christian-
ity ; Romance of Spanish History ;
American Pioneers and Patriots ; His-
tory of Napoleon ; Napoleon at St.
Helena ; History of the French Revo-
lution ; History of the Civil War in
America; Lives of the Presidents;
History of Maine from its Discovery
by Northmen ; Christopher Carson ;
History of Napoleon HI. ; History of
Frederick the Great ; History of Chris-
tianity. See Bibliography of Maine,
Do. Har.

Abbott, Lyman. Ms., 1835-



Son of Jacob Abbott, supra. A Con-
gregational minister of broad views,
who as editor of The Outlook and suc-
cessor to H. W. Beecher as pastor of
Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, has exer-
cised a wide influence. Christianity
and Social Problems ; Jesus of Naza^
reth ; Old Testament Shadows of New
Testament Truths ; Blustrated Com-
mentary on the New Testament; A
Layman's Story ; How to Study the
Bible ; Life of Christ ; In Aid of
Faith ; The Evolution of Christianity ;
A Study in Human Nature ; Dictionary
of Religious Knowledge (with T. J.
Conant, infra). Bar, Do. Dut. Fo. Har.
Hou. Meth. Put.

Abeel, David. N. J., 1804-1846. A
Reformed Dutch missionary in China.
Journal of a Residence in China; A
Missionary Convention at Jerusalem ;
The Claims of the World to the Gos-
pel. See Memoirs by G. R. William'
son, 1849.



ABERT



ADAMS



Abert [a'bert], Silvanua Thayer.

Pa., 1828 . A civil engineer in

the United States service. Notes His-
torical and Statistical upon the Pro-
jected Route for an Interoceanic Canal
between the Atlantic and Pacific.

Adams, Mrs. Abigail [Smith]. Ms.,
1744-1818. Wife of President John
Adams, infra. Known to literature by
her entertaining Letters edited by her
gTandson.

Adams, Brooks. Ms., 1848 . Son

of Charles Francis Adams, infra. A
lawyer of Boston. The Gold Standard ;
The Emancipation of Massachusetts, a
careful study of the evolution of re-
ligious freedom ; The Law of Civiliza-
tion and Dejay, an Essay in History.
See The Forum, January, 1897. Hou.
Mac.

Adams, Charles. N. H., 1808-1890.
A Methodist clergyman who wrote ex-
tensively, and among whose works are
Evangelism in the Middle of the 19th
Century ; Women of the Bible ; The
Poet Preacher, a Memorial of Charles
Wesley ; The Earth and its Wonders ;
Life of Cromwell ; Life Sketches of
Macaulay. Meth.

Adams, Charles Baker. Ms., 1814-
1853. A naturalist, who published Con-
tributions to Conchology ; Monographs
of Several Species of Shells.

Adams, Charles Coffin. 182—1888.
An Episcopal clergyman. Creation, a
Recent Work of God ; Life of Christ ;
Anthrosophy ; The Bible, a Scientific
Revelation.

Adams, Charles FoUen. Ms., 1842-

. A humourous verse - writer of

Boston, principally known as the au-
thor of Leedle Yawcob Strauss. Lee-
dle Yawcob Strauss, and Other Poems ;
Dialect Ballads. Har. Le.

Adams, Charles Francis. Ms., 1807-
1886. Son of President John Quincy
Adams, infra. An eminent diploma-
tist, who was Minister to England dur-
ing the period of the Civil War. He
edited The Life and Works of John
Adams ; Letters of Mrs. Abigail Ad-
ams ; Life and Works of John Q. Ad-
ams ; Familiar Letters of John and
Abigail Adams, with Memoir of Mrs.
Adams. See Life by his son, C F.
Adams, infra. Hon.



Adams, Charles Francis, Jr. Ms.,

1835 '. Son of C. F. Adams, supra.

An officer in the Union army during
the Civil War, and subsequently an
expert in railway science and president
of the Union Pacific Railway. Since
resigning that office he has devoted his
attention to historical writing, his esti-
mates of men and motives often differ-
ing materially from those of other writ-
ers in the same field. Notes on Railway
Accidents ; Chapters of Erie ; Rail-
roads ; A College Fetich ; Massachu-
setts, its Historians and its History ;
Three Episodes of Massachusetts His-
tory ; Richard Henry Dana [infra], a
Biography; Life of Charles Francis
Adams. Hon. Le. Put.

Adams, Charles Kendall. Vt., 1835-
1902. The president of Wisconsin Uni-
versity and formerly of Cornell Univer-
sity. Manual of Historical Literature ;
Democracy and Monarchy in France ;
Christopher Columbus. Har.

Adams, Francis Colburn. Circa
1 850. A writer of Charleston, South Car-
olina, who wrote under various pseudo-
nyms. Manuel Pereira, or the Sovereign
Rule of South Carolina ; Uncle Tom at
Home ; Our World, or the Democrats'
Rule ; Justice in the Byways ; Life and
Adventures of Major Potter ; An Out-
cast, a novel ; The Story of a Trooper ;
Siege of Washington, for Little People ;
The Von Toodleburgs, or the Memoirs
of a Very Distinguished Family.

Adams, George Burton. Vt.,\^Dl-

. An historical writer, professor

of history at Yale University. Civili-
zation during the Middle Ages; The
Growth of the French Nation. Fl. Scr.

Adams, Hannah. Ms., 1755-1832.
An industrious and painstaking writer
on religious and historical subjects,
whose chief claim to distinction at pres-
ent is that she was the first woman in
America who made literature a profes-
sion. A View of Religious Opinions ;
History of New England ; History of
the Jews ; Evidences of Christianity.
See Memoir by herself, with additions by
another hand, 18S2.

Adams, Henry. Ms., 1838 . Son

of Charles Francis Adams, supra. An
historian and political biographer, liv-
ing in Washington. Life of John Ran-
dolph ; Life of Albert Gallatin ; History



ADAMS



ADAMS



of the United States, 1801-17 ; Histor-
ical Essays ; Essays in Anglo-Saxon
Law. Hou. Lip, Scr.

Adams, Henry Carter. la., 1852-

. A political economist of note.

Public Debts : an Essay in the Science
of Finance ; Taxation in the United
States, 1789-1816. Ap.

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Ms., 1850-
1901. A professor of history at Johns
Hopkins University, and the secretary
of the American Historical Association
from its beginning. The Germanic
Origin of New England Towns ; Saxon
Tithingmen in America ; Norman Con-
stables in America ; Village Communi-
ties of Cape Ann and Salem ; Thomas
Jefferson and the University of Vir-
ginia ; Methods of Historical Study ;
History of the United States Constitu-
tion. He edited the Life and Writings
of Jared Sparks, infra. Hou.

Adams, Jasper. Ms., 1793-1841. An
Episcopal clergyman, once noted as an
educator at West Point, Charleston,
and elsewhere, who published The Ele-
ments of Moral Philosophy.

Adams, John. N.' S., 1704-1740. A
clergyman of Newport and Philadel-
phia, much esteemed in his day as a
poet. Poems on Several Occasions, a
volume of his verses posthumously col-
lected and printed, shows, however, no
very especial marks of poetic talent.

Adams, John. Ms., 1735-1826. The



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