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onsumers; while across the national boundary in Ontario, under a
ublicly-owned and operated system, the rates are from one-quarter
o one-third of those paid in New York state. After all, the service,

the rates, and the soundness of the financial structure constitute the
supreme test.

He then turns his attention to Ontario's system and makes a thorough
examination of the facts concerning it. He makes it clear that it is
essentially different from the public ownership and operation usually
visualized by the public mind, being controlled by the units of the
federated cities, rural districts and not by a central government.

Then too the cheapness of the electrical power supply has encouraged
its greatly increased use per capita. Our author reminds us that the
Ontario system ranks among the greatest super-power enterprises in
the world.

J. D. M.


A large part of the material in this book first appeared in the Sat-
urday Evening Post. The mental confusion, obfuscation and
downright ignorance which characterize the average American mind
is everywhere apparent in this volume.

One could read every page of this book without once learning how
wealth is produced. In fact, the author himself does not fully per-
ceive it. Else, how can he justify such balderdash as this:

"No one will deny that land, capital and labor, in all such senses,
are sources of wealth. They are not the only sources. It is strange
that economists have so seldom regarded ideas as a source of wealth.
Yet it is possible to argue that ideas have created all modern wealth."
(page 119).

For the benefit of our author let it be said, once and for all, that
all wealth comes from one source, and one source only, and that is the
Earth on which we live. It is the application of human labor to land,
(or the forces of Nature), that gives us food clothing and shelter.
Unemployment is nothing but the denial to Labor of access to the

The big point which our author fails to perceive is that before Labor
can have access to the raw forces of Nature it must first pay Land-
owners Economic Rent for the privilege of working the Earth.

Only after the landowning class in society, claiming to "own" the
bare Earth has been appeased, is there anything left for Labor and
Capital to divide between themselves.

Now, the landowner furnishes nothing to Capital or Labor.
He only permits them to exert themselves on the God given forces
of Air, Water, Sunshine and Land to do their producing.

The people collectively because of their ignorance and stupidity,
permit a small number of themselves to "Own" Land and rent it out
ito the others. This is the basic wrong, for it enables a limited class
in society to acquire wealth without rendering service.

Now, the share this small class is yearly exacting as Rent is con-
stantly growing bigger and bigger. This for the reason that there is
a fixed quantity of land in the world while the number of human beings
who are born into the world is constantly increasing and each one of
these human beings must draw his food, clothing and shelter therefrom.
Unlike the Socialists, our author perceives that the interests of Labor
and Capital are not in conflict. Were he to pursue this matter further,
he would learn that where Labor suffers low wages or unemployment,
true Capital (as distinguished from Land Monopoly) also suffers low
interest return and unemployment.

It is because the third factor, namely Land, can draw the lion's share
of the product that both Labor and Capital suffer. Of this our author
is in utter darkness.

Now, this is inexcusable in an author of Caret Garrett's experience.
For many years he has been writing on American business problems.
I submit a few "Gems" from this book!

" Freedom as we know it is a condition of ego. Prosperity is a con-
dition of things. Increase these satisfactions to any degree and there
is still that knowledge of incompleteness which torments the spirit.

*The American Omen, by Caret Garrett. Clo. 249 pp. Price $2.50. E. P. Dutton
& Co.. N. Y. City.



This is the anxiety of the perishable I fragment to make affinity with
an imperishable whole." (page xi).

There is the last impasse. No thought merely as thought, has the
power to break it! The thought might lie for centuries on the shelf
of abstraction. It contains the mystery of fecundity; to germinate,
it requires to bo buried in the ground of common feeling. It must grow
downward into feeling and become emotionalized; it must appear again
on the plane of thought as feeling rationalized. Then it becomes dy-
namic. That takes a length of time. " (page 46).

How we love to read articles by our friend, Prof. Harry Gunniso:'
Brown. And now comes that man, C. H. Baildon, in your last issui
with his article on "Agricultural Distress; Its Cause and Remedy, 1
which is just simply immense, and should be in the hands of cveri
" farm bureau " man, and in fact all those honest enough to do thl
right thing and who want to inform themselves.

While thinking over the good lines of work of our Georgists I ar
particularly impressed with Emil O. Jorgcnsen's courageous hammeria
at Prof. Ely's School of Economics.
Lismore, Minn. EMIL KNIPS

"Thought is Emotionalized, feeling is rationalized, and the revolu-
tion is complete. Observe that a cycle is accomplished. The revolu-
tion is working. A way of thing that took root in the ground of feeling
reappears on the plane of thought as feeling rationalized. Who now
is talking of cultural values in the day's work and taking it that the
meaning of the job to the man is of paramount importance? Not the
socialist, not the radical, not the Utopian. It is the science of
management." (page 73).

"The mere wishing for things does not constitute effective demand.
One must want them enough to be willing to put forth the necessary
exertion, and then, of course, the conditions of opportunity must be
such that the exertion in itself become productive. " x (page 82).

"First were certain characteristic ways of thinking and feeling that
had to survive the sudden impact of industrialism governed by an
alien doctrine of political economy. This has already been represented
as a drama of the spirit in which the joint dignity of hand and mind
was triumphant, together with the faith that economic and social mo-
tives were to be reconciled." (page 90).

"Science is of method and means. Division is a transaction with
life, concerning its ends. What are the ends? The ultimate end we
do not know. We know what it is not. Certainly we do not live in
order to produce. The object of increasing production is to make
life richer, to free it of fear and want, to multiply its extensions. Ideal-
ism is not a science. Faith in the perfectibility of human relationship
is not a science. Forethought for the common welfare is an emotion
to begin with. There may be a science of profit, if you mean the arith-
metic of private gain; but for a sense of profit in world without gain;
for the sense of it in deserving the good opinion of your fellow man,
there is no science whatever. Division is toward or from a people's
day dream. It may be governed by a conviction of things no one
has yet seen. That is why there can be no science of it. There may be
both an art and a philosophy of it. This is to be approached."
(page 120).

This reviewer hereby offers a reward of $5. to any reader of LAND
AND FREEDOM who can explain in simple English what our author is
driving at in the foregoing "Gems."

B. W. B.



Spring is at hand and we all appreciate it after months of deep
snow. Sunshine is a blessing of the gift of nature, but not all good
things come from on high, and here we have LAND AND FREEDOM.
We congratulate you on the splendid January-February number and
wish it could be in the hands of every truth-loving person on earth.


I am fundamentally an advertiser. It pays to advertise. I dc
Roadside advertising and that is the place to advertise Single Tax
If every man in America who believes in Single Tax would put up on
roadside sign advertising it and then put a sign on his spare tire cover
advertising the fact that he is a Single Taxer, think of the effect I
would have. Then think of the effect upon Single Taxers if LAW
AND FREEDOM in every issue would publish the number that promift
to put up and maintain one or more signs, and the number of sign
that have actually been put up, together with the number of thos
who pledge themselves to get five or more new subscriptions eacl
year to LAND AND FREEDOM, and twelve copies during the year, o
"Progress and Poverty" and "Protection or Free Trade," with tin
number actually sold. I believe the way to get something done is t
start it and I am going to start the ball rolling by putting up five road
side signs, sending in five subscriptions and selling the 12 copies eacl
as mentioned, beside marking my car so that he who rides may read
Now how many readers will do the same? I am writing this lette
with the hope and expectation that it will be published and that some
thing will be started. I expect the co-operation of LAND AND FREE
DOM. Some one has to start things so I shall tell exactly the kind o
sign I shall make, and I urge every one who will help to make exactl;
the same kind. I shall use a vertical post 4"x4" and 8' tall. Thi
will be bolted to a resisting post of locust or cedar, 30" of this DOS
being buried and 30" above ground where the 4"x4" post is bolta
to it. Three or more cross boards 6" wide and 4' long and spaced 4'
apart, beginning about six inches from the top, are used to letter on
the letters full width of board and about 4" wide as an average. Thi
letters plain block capital with lines about W wide. Post and crosa
board painted three good coats of outside white paint. Lettering
Sherwin Williams, Sport Red Auto Enamel. I have found this t
stand up well. About every six months when signs are repainte
they should be washed clean with soap and water and painted ove
with one coat of white and the red will then " Bleed" through so tha
the letters can be easily followed. This makes a very vivid red am
the public "sees red."

These signs are lettered exactly alike on both sides and placed a
right angles to the road. I get what is known as white pine shelvin{
This conies in 12" widths and I have it ripped in two and sawed th
proper length. This has some small tight knots but is not sappy o
resiny. The knots and any resiny part must be shellacked. Thea
boards finish about J^"x5-J<"x4 . Not being an expert sign paint*
I cut letters out of cardboard and mark around them with a pencil
in this way by laying them out on the boards I get good spacing. I
is conceivable that some will wish to make these signs themselves an
I therefore give this simple information in the hope that it may help
I use a soft camels hair brush for lettering. If the enamel gets to
thick, thin with turpentine. I know that I shall make these sign
and put them up with my own hands and with great unction to m;

The signs I shall put up will be about as follows: (1) REAI



OMIC ILLS. On my tire cover I expect to put something like: I
M A SINGLE TAXER. ASK ME WHY. I find that a sign such
i I have outlined is large enough to be easily read by people driving
) miles an hour. Each idea must be put across in a very few words,
hese are only suggestions. Some one may give a better idea as to
online. I do not believe the mechanical part of the sign as I have
utlincd can be improved on. SINGLE TAX: THE ONLY FARM
ELIEF, is a thought for a sign.

Now the question is to get the signs up. How many will join hand
nd shoulders? How many will put up one sign, how many two, how
ianyten? I am not limiting myself to 5. But I pledge that many to
art. They will be put up on a good tourist road and not less than
0,000 people a day will read them. You will feel them at 150 Nassau
treet. Think what it will mean when we get 100,000 such signs,
[ybla Valley Farm, Alexandria, Va. LANDON C. PAINTER.

that during seventy years of its existence has engaged at different times
as its managing editors, Mark Twain, Bret Harte and Henry George.

Louis BOWERMAN, 962 East 18th Street, N. Portland, Oregon, for-
merly a resident of New York City, had many friends of the olden
days such as Robert Baker, Benjamin Doblin, and many others.

PERCY PEPOON, of St. Louis, Mo., whose name will be instantly
recalled by old-time Single Taxers owing to his magnificent work in
placing Single Tax matter in " patent insides," in more than eighty
papers issued by the Western Newspaper Union, was born in 1861 and
is still in good health and interested in all matters concerning the

PROF. W. R. B. WILCOX, head of the Department of Architecture
at the Oregon State University, at Eugene, and Mrs. Wilcox, both
substantial Single Taxers, have for several years been in the habit of
assembling from twenty to forty students in their parlors every Wed-
nesday evening and discussing questions of economics.


I take no sides in the controversy between those who stress the eco-
omic or fiscal view in Single Tax work and those who think we should
well on the moral issue. There is plenty of work for both and prob-
bly each can do his best work along the line that appeals to him.
Jeithcr view can be ignored; if you argue the fiscal side you don't
et far before it is apparent that somebody is going to lose advantages
e has been enjoying, and you are compelled to take up the moral
ide to justify your position. If you stress the right of all men to the
se of the earth, you can hardly get started until you are compelled
o explain how it can be secured, along with the exclusive right of occu
ancy which is essential. So after all it is only a controversy as to
ch side is the best selling talk to get one interested; each can prob-
bly sell best by following the methods which appeal to him, and it is
stonishing that so many Single Taxers can get so hot under the collar
bout it both methods arrive at the same goal or else they don't
rrivc at any goal which is more usual. Anyone who thinks his
articular way of talking Single Tax is the only pure or orthodox way,
; simply a bigot.

As for myself, the fiscal side seems the best beginning; it was through
hat side that I first became interested. I had been an absolute free-
rader so far as import tariffs are concerned for years before I had
:ny capacity to form an idea of my own, and as I arrived at manhood

saw no reason to change that view. It was only gradually that I
:ame to see that the abolition of import taxes was only a step toward
rue free trade, that free trade required that all taxes on the instru-
nents, the processes and the products of production, must be abolished.

Then, after being satisfied that it would be expedient, I was up against
:he moral question, is it just? and it took me a year or two more to
irrive at the point where I was ready to say I was a Single Taxer.
Philadelphia, Pa. HARRY B. TAWRESEY.


MRS. CHARLOTTE SMITH, at one time the energetic and efficient
secretary of the Ohio Single Tax League, is now located in Portland,
Oregon, as the assistant to Mr. James J. Sayer, an active Single Taxer,
formerly editor of the Red Book, and at one time a resident of Chicago,

ERNEST E. FAVILLE, formerly of Portland, Oregon, is now managing
editor of the Sacramento Union, Sacramento, Calif. This is a paper

WILL all readers of this item send to the Robert Schalkenbach Foun-
dation, 11 Park Place, New York City, their names, with those of any
others in their locality who are interested or friendly to the movement.
These names are required for an intensive campaign for the distribution
of literature.

THE New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. is in need of a copy of
LAND AND FREEDOM for Nov.-Dec., 1923 (No. 6, Vol. 23). Will some
of our readers having such copy to spare communicate with the

WE regret to chronicle the death of William G. Wright, of Phila-
delphia, for thirty-five years head of the Fidelity and Casualty Company
in that city. He was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon and Phi
Beta Kappa fraternities, and member of the Bar Associations of New
York and Philadelphia. Despite his connection it was the radical
side of the Single Tax movement that enlisted his sympathies, and he
early became a member of the Single Tax party. He was for many
years a subscriber and friend of LAND AND FREEDOM.

Saturday Night, an illustrated weekly published at Flint, Michigan,
in its issue of March 23rd, contains an article by Charles R. Adair,
entitled, " The Tax Problem Misunderstood."

FROM Rev. Charles H. Hartman, of 2801 Ellis Avenue, Chicago,
we have received copy of a research lesson in an Economic
Bible Study System, which he believes will be of real interest to Single
Taxers as a programme of work. These Economic Bible Study lessons
are distributed free of cost upon receipt of names and addresses.

RICHARD POTTS, an independent candidate for mayor of Dallas,
announces his advocacy of the Single Tax.

CHARLES W. MILLER, of Bloomington, 111., who died last Autumn,
was born in that city in 1867. He sold papers as a boy, went through
the grade schools and later attended business college. Infantile
paralysis left him with one leg crippled, and this affliction he was des-
tined to endure through his entire life. He studied watchmaking in
which he became rarely proficient. Later he became proprietor of
one of the largest jewelry stores in Central Illinois. He was often
called upon to give Single Tax talks before the Professors' Club of
Bloomington and Normal. His heart and soul were devoted to the



cause. In April, 1927, he sold his business in which he had accumulated
a comfortable fortune despite his handicaps. He left a wife but no
children. He was a 32nd degree Mason, a Shriner, Odd Fellow and a
Kiwanian, but his chief interest was the great truth he had derived
from the writings of Henry George earlier in life.

J. R. HERMANN, of Portland, Oregon, has received two calls for
addresses from the local trades unions of his city.

THE campaign for the adoption of the Pittsburgh graded tax in
Delaware is proceeding apace. The Chamber of Commerce of Wil-
mington is taking a referendum on the question. Frank T. Stirlith is
in charge of the campaign. William M. McNair spoke before the Wil-
mington Civic Association and the Wilmington Real Estate Board,
pointing out the advantages of the half rate tax on improvements
as a stimulous to building increase. It may be said that Mr. McNair
does not content himself with the limited advocacy of the Pittsburgh
Plan but points out the important inferences that go further. He said
in one of his addresses:

" If a man comes to our town to invest money in houses, apartments,
or factories, we welcome him with a half tax rate, but if he puts his
money into idle lands he pays a full rate. In other words, the man
who puts people to work is a more desirable citizen than the man who
keeps them from working."

THE marriage of the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Lloyd Gar-
rison to Robert Emerson signals the union of two noted families in
Massachusetts' history.

THE Schalkenbach Foundation has printed a new (third) edition
of Significient Extracts from " Progress and Poverty". The Founda-
tion also publishes a very neatly printed pamphlet containing the
notable essay on Henry George by Prof. John Dewey, of Columbia
University, together with other extracts from important public men
to enlist the interest of the stranger in the great message of the author
of " Progress and Poverty." Copies of the pamphlet are available
at the Foundation offices at one dollar for one hundred postpaid.

THE Washington Post, of March 10, prints an editorial entitled
" Heavy Taxes on Land." It is a confused analysis of the farm situ-
ation, but it does call attention to what it terms " the inequality with
which taxes are distributed in the agricultural states."

MRS. CLARA BALDWIN STOCKER who died recently in Glendale,
California, was the daughter of " Lucky " Baldwin who would not
have been so lucky if the citizens of that state had not been so stupid.
On the grazing land he had acquired many years ago spouted oil gushers
returning immense revenues. Mrs. Stocker left an estate of many

HON. EDWARD POLAR, before leaving Fairhope for his home in New
York, was tendered a dinner by his friends in that beautifully located
Single Tax colony on the shores of Mobile Bay. We note the names
->l Mr. and Mrs. Albert Schalkenbach, Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Gaston,
and our old friend John Emery McLean as attendants at this testi-
monial dinner.

A NOTICE in the N. Y. Times of Agnes deMille's dancing at the Martin
Beck Theatre, this city, says: " She has grown in technical facility
and in stature as an artist since her first appearance last season."
Agnes, as many of our readers know, is the daughter of Anna George
deMille and grandaughter of Henry George.

POULTNEY BIGELOW, old time friend of Henry George, and a writer
of many books, now a resident of Malden-on-Hudson, N, Y., has been
named by France a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor.

YOUTH in a World of Men, by Marietta Johnson, of the School o
Organic Education, at Fairhope, Alabama, is a work soon to appea
from the press of The John Day Company of this city. The Schoo
will hold a Summer School at Tuft's College, Mass.

WHIDDEN GRAHAM, in a letter to the Herald Tribune of recent date
commenting on the remark of Mr. Mark Sullivan that no on" hac
appeared before the Ways and Means Commission on the tariff t
represent the consumer, says: " The reason was plainly stated by thai I
eminent Celtic economist, John J. Murphy, in his famous epigram I
Nobody makes a living by being a consumer."

THE Christian Science Monitor of Feb. 17th, contains an artSB
on the forthcoming International Single Tax Conference at Edinburgh
with interviews with the editor of LAND AND FREEDOM and Cha
O'Connor Hennessy who are quite extensively quoted.

SENATOR Donnelly, of Arizona, in opposing a senate amendn
of the State constitution providing that only real property owne
permitted to vote in bond elections, refuted the theory that the wor
do not pay taxes, saying: " The only farmer who pays taxes is the <
who works his own farm; the only mine owner who pays tax
man who works his own mine."

FOLLOWING are the names of Single Taxers who have had letters il
the press in advocacy of our principles during the last month: M. Vat
Veen, and John Luxton in N. Y. World; George Lloyd in N. Y. Times,
Winnifred B. Cossette in Quincy (Mass.) Patriot Ledger; Olivej
McKnight and Harold Sudell in Philadelphia Ledger and Philadelphia
Record; Alfred N. Chandler, in Hudson (N. J.) Dispatch; Henry Ware
Allen in N. Y. Times; Ray Robson, in Lansing (Mich.) pap
many others.

PROF. JOHN DEWEY, of Columbia University, left for Edinburgh
in March to deliver the famous Gifford Lecture on Philosophy.

THE Henry George Foundation of Great Britain has been create 1 by
a gift from Louis P. Jacobs of $50,000. The trust is to be administered
for the specific objects named in the deed, which are the pub!
circulating and advertising the works of Henry George and related
literature. Single Taxers throughout the world will acknowledge
with gratitude to Mr. Jacobs this very generous donation. Mr. Jacobi
was brought into the movement by Max Hirsch, author of "Democracy
versus Socialism", perhaps the best answer to Socialism ever written,
and of whom Mr. Jacobs always speaks with deep affection. The
trustee is empowered to apply any part of the trust fund to a limit of
capital expenditure in each year in equal sums as nearly as possible
over a period of ten years. The Fund contributes no part of the
United Committee's own revenue to carry on its work or to miintain
Land and Liberty. The first work to be undertaken is the publication
of an abridged edition of "Protection or Free Trade."

SENATOR Alexander Simpson, of the New Jersey State legislature,
has introduced a bill providing for the adoption of the Pittsburgh Plan

Online LibraryOutdoor Advertising Association of AmericaLand and freedom (Volume 29) → online text (page 14 of 44)