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He says:

"All this involves one of the most curious of economic paradoxes.
Land-owners in large cities are few in number, compared to the great
mass of the population. The paradox is that the people themselves
create the land values and pay the land-owners for the values which
they themselves have brought into being. page 110.

His picture of the Wendels sitting "like somnolent spiders in their
web" is excellent. But we doubt if he fully realizes what economic
rent is or what would be the effect of its collection for revenue. A'
reading of "Progress and Poverty" might help him if he is not too
much committed to the doctrine that what is required are complicated
remedies rather than this very simple one.

In a review such as this calling for an economy of space we are con-
scious that full justice cannot be done to the author and his work.
Readable books on economic and social problems are so scarce that a
work as entertaining as this is a real relief.

We are aware of the injustice done not alone to the author but to
the readers of this review as well, that all of the economic fallacies and
somewhat superficial conclusions cannot be pointed out. But we
should hesitate in such a task for we would not like to do this to an
author who has provided such rare entertainment. We say this de-
spite the author's opening sentence: " I hope to God no one will enjoj
reading this book." We icalize that Mr. Woodward is deeply in earn-
est, and for this reason can overlook this very hurried and rathra
journalistic excursion into the domain of economics. J. D. M.

Correspondence

A TRIBUTE TO CHARLIE OGLE

EDITOR LAND AND FREEDOM:

Something over twenty-five years ago I had the pleasure of meetinj
for the first time Charles J. Ogle, introduced by Dr. Hill, then a promi
nent Single Taxer of Baltimore City. He expressed to me Mr. Ogle'
strong desire to enter active work for the levying of all taxation upoi
land values. This introduction threw us much together until my de
parture from Maryland in 1924. During almost, or quite all of thi
time, we were closely associated in the Maryland Tax Reform Asso
ciation and Maryland Direct Legislation League. From 1924 till th
time of his death, Mr. Ogle acted as secretary of these organization
under two able presidents.

The organizations I have named put through two advantageou
constitutional amendments and a number of legislative acts. It is th
truth, that without Mr. Ogle this work would not have been accorr
plished. His quiet but never ending persistency, coupled with the ad I
mirable aid of Mrs. Ogle, almost literally moved mountains.

The practical and the immediately attainable, strongly appealel
to Mr. Ogle and enlisted his active service. As a consequence his wif
and children can point to a long record of achievement. In detail h
contributed vitally to a constitutional amendment making the Sing!
Tax possible when Maryland wants it and meanwhile making it feasibl
in minor jurisdictions, the best referendum that is, most easily wort
able in the United States, exemptions of improvements and person;
property from taxation in many Maryland towns, and other measure
Meanwhile, he defeated many bad propositions. One of Maryland
most useful citizens has passed away. The reform for which we stan



LAND AND FREEDOM



213



has lost one who cannot readily be replaced. And many of us have lost
an intimate and most esteemed and loved friend.
Palo Alto, Calif. JACKSON H. RALSTON.

RENT AND PRICE ON MAIN STREET
EDITOR LAND AND FREEDOM:

Permit me to submit a few thoughts on this much-discussed ques-
tion, "Does Rent enter into Price?" A and B are two farmers grow-
ing cotton. A, uses land below the margin which is rent free. He aver-
ages, we will say, about one bale to the acre. B, uses much better land
which yields two bales with the same effort, but he has to pay one bale
for rent, leaving his net earnings about the same as A's. Can B get a
better price because he has to pay rent? Certainly not. Then Rent
does not enter into Price as far as he is concerned.

Again. The druggist at the corner where the rent is low, sells me
Cremo cigars at 5 cents a piece. The tobacconist on Main Street, where
the rent is very high, sells me the same cigar at the same price. Why
does he not charge me more and unload some of his rent? Because he
knows I would quit him if he tried. How can he afford to pay higher
rent than the druggist and still sell cigars at the same price? Because
he does a larger volume of business. His profits on each cigar sold is
less than that of the druggist but this is more than compensated for by
the increased trade. So Rent does not enter into Price on Main Street
any more than it does on the farm.

Where then does Rent enter into Price? Nowhere. Rent is simply

leveler that keeps wages equal at all points by sweeping off the ex-
Cess wherever it appears. And it is the purpose of the Henry George
plan to sweep this excess into the public treasury where it belongs and
abolish all taxes.

Ever since "Progress and Poverty" was first published the stock
argument against the so-called Single Tax has been that it could be
shifted like other taxes are the tax on gasoline, for instance. If it
be true that Rent enters Price, then we might as well shut up shop
and go home, for our critics are right and we have been chasing rain-
bows. But it is not true. HORATIO.

Houston, Texas.

SOME DICTIONARY DEFINITIONS

EDITOR LAND AND FREEDOM:

I wish to suggest that LAND AND FREEDOM, and all Georgist publica-
tions, carry the following definitions of the "Unearned Increment"
in every issue.:

Webster's New International Dictionary:

"An increase in the value of land or other property subject to a
natural monopoly due to no labor or expenditure on the part of the
Dwner, but to natural causes making an increased demand for it, such
as an increase in population and the general progress of society. Some
hold that this belongs to the State."
Funk & Wagnall's Practical Standard Dictionary:
"Any increase of value produced by forces independent of the
person who receives it, specifically and originally increase of value in
land that springs from the increase of population or other cause inde-
pendent of the land itself and of its owner, and which for this reason
should, according to some, appertain not to the individual, but to the
state."

We who have been teaching and preaching the Georgian philosophy
lor years know that the so-called common people meaning those who
are so busy trying to make a living that they have little time or inclina-
tion to study or think about economic questions always demand
"high authority" for every statement. With them, any statement,
no matter how well founded and backed up by reliable statistics and
every-day facts, if made by the ordinary writer, carries little weight.
On the other hand, if made by a Calvin Coolidge, a Rockefeller, an
Andrew Mellen, or any millionaire whose name appears often in the
metropolitan press, it will be accepted and treasured as "Gospel
Truth."

In our battle for human rights we have two enemies to defeat: Land



"Racketeering," and an inherited public opinion that sustains it
ancient customs that have been handed down from sire to son for thou-
sands of years. When we overcome the latter, the former will fall of its
own weight.

Slavery was abolished when the "scales fell from the eyes" of the
men who were not making money out of the slave traffic. Slavery was
as strongly fortified by public opinion a few years ago as landlordism
is today. Read the following verse, written by William Cowper, 150
years ago, when the kidnapping of human beings and selling them in
the slave markets of the world was deemed an honorable occupation :

"Such dupes are men to custom, and so prone
To reverence what is ancient, and can show
A course of long observance for its use,
That even servitude, the worst of ills,
Because delivered down from sire to son,
Is kept and guarded as a sacred thing."

The above definitions of "Unearned Increment" carry great weight
with all classes of people. The effect is often instantaneous. No one
ventures to dispute them. When a man becomes convinced that
neither the land or its owner creates the value, he becomes an easy
convert to the Georgian Philosophy. EUGENE W. WAY.

Seattle, Wash.

NEWS NOTES AND PERSONALS

THE Commonweal, of London, Eng., informs us of the formation of
a Commonwealth Land Party in New Zealand under the leadership
of E. W. Nicolaus. It demands the immediate collection of the full
economic rent of the land of New Zealand. It is said the party already
has a membership of several hundred.

THE Ingram Institute News of San Diego, Calif., reprints the report
of the special committee of the Institute of Architects on Taxes and
Buildings. This notable report marks a great advance in thought
among these representatives, of the architects of the country. It is all
that could be desired.

JOHN C. ROSE of Pittsburgh, Pa., as usual is, actively at work. He
has addressed a letter to the president of the Spanish Republic con-
gratulating him on the progress of the land emancipation movement
in the country. He calls attention to one of the forerunners of Henry
George, Francisco Centani, and his memorial, "Tierras, " 1671.

Miss ELEANOR WESSELHOEFT, whose article appears on another
page, is a stage and screen actress and a friend of Mrs. Mary Fels. She
has not previously classed herself as a Single Taxer. Her article is well
adapted to students who are beginners.

HERR VON WERMUTH, German Minister of Finance, addressing the
Reichstag, said: "If the value of argicultural land increases because
it is close to a town, a railway line, or a canal, the enhanced land values
ought to be taxed because they are in no way due to the owner. Be-
sides the value of land fluctuates and, owing to circumstances outside
of the control of the owners, the values increase abnormally. * * *
A tax on increased values will therefore prevent abnormal transac-
tions." It may be stated that in 1912 Germany collected $9,000,000
by a site value tax on the increment.

IN "Gallipoli Diary" by Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton, is to be noted the
following:

"The Hood Battalion of the Royal Naval Division had been roughly
handled. In the hospital clearing tent I saw and spoke to young
Asquith shot through the knee, and Commander Wedgwood, who had
been horribly hurt by shrapnel. Each in his own way was a calm
hero; wrapped in the mantle bequeathed to English soldiers by Sir
Philip Sidney."

The Press Scimitar, of Memphis, in its issue of October 12, printed



214



LAND AND FREEDOM



a picture of little Richard Knapp, son of G. J. Knapp, who with his
dog "Brownie" was present at the Congress. The little dog ran around
with a red blanket reading: "Tax Land Values; Untax Industry and
Kill the Depression." Five-year old Richard was asked if he knew
Henry George and replied: "Sure, he's my brother." If questioned
further he would tell you that another Henry George after whom his
brother was named was in some way responsible for all this Single Tax
business.

EUGENE W. WAY, of Seattle, Wash., writes:

"The Sept. -Oct. number of LAND AND FREEDOM is very good; in
fact it is always good, always instructive. And then it keeps its
readers informed on what is taking place in the Single Tax world, and
that means much to the Georgist cause."

THE New York Herald-Tribune of September 28, contained a two-
column article on Dr. Henry A. Stimson, uncle of our Secretary of
State. The article states that Dr. Stimson spoke for Henry George.
At ninety years of age Dr. Stimson is still looking forward. He said
to the interviewer: "America must realize that the world is a com-
munity. We must join the League of Nations. We must have free
trade. This is why I supported George, because he looked in that
direction."

THE death of Barney Haughey, of Denver, Colo., occured on Septem-
ber 23. His was a long and active career of devotion to the cause. He
took an active part in the Missouri campaigns and waged successfully
a fight against the Sales Tax in Little Rock, Ark. In Denver he led
in several battles for old age pensions to be paid out of land values.
Mr. Haughey is said to have foreseen the depression. During the
winter of 1928-1929 he drew attention to what he called "the terrible
condition into which the world is drifting. " He was forever contemplat-
ing some plan of activity to bring our cause to the attention of the
people. We shall miss him.

P. R. WILLIAMS, secretary of the Henry George Foundation, writes
us:

"I left Memphis feeling very well pleased with the result of OUT
efforts there, and our friends in Memphis as well as all others who
expressed themselves seemed also highly pleased. Certainly in the
matter of newspaper publicity and radio broadcasts this year we made
a good record and reached a large section of the general public, and in
the matter of programme and influential local leadership, we were
quite fortunate this year."

THE Fairhope Courier of October 13 issued a news-picture section.
Some enterprise!

WE have received a pamphlet containing selections from the writ-
ings of Prof. James Hardy Dillard, director of the John H. Slater Fund,
and known to Single Taxers throughout the country. Most of the writ-
ings deal with the education of the Negro population in the South.
But touching upon the general subject of education there is much that
is enlightening in these essays.

IN a recent issue of the Hartford Courant, Mr. Joseph Carroll, well-
known Georgist, discusses the question of "Wealth."

A. V. HAHN, of Los Angeles, writes:

"The political situation is disgusting, with McAdoo talking pro-
tection on farm products and oil, and Roosevelt talking in riddles
about the same thing. I can only hope they don't mean it. The time
is ripe for fundamental democracy, but we do not seem to be making
any headway. I like LAND AND FREEDOM very much."

The Sept.-Oct. number of LAND AND FREEDOM noted the death
of a veteran Single Taxer, James A. Ford, at the age of 89. Mr.
Ford became interested in the Single Tax during his stay in Sioux City,
Iowa, where he was engaged in the printing business. He is survived



by his widow, Mrs. Sophia Ford, one son and two daughters, Mrs. J.
F. Hantke, of Los Angeles, and Mrs. A. J. Peterson of Santa Paula,
Calif. Mr. Ford was acquainted with Louis F. Post, Herbert Quick,
Hamlin Garland and others.

IN a letter in the Pittsburgh Press of September 14, Hon. William
N. McNair, under a nom de plume, gives an account of Geatano
Filangieri, an Italian forerunner of Henry George. Mr. McNair quotes
from this writer. Mr. McNair writes, reads and speaks Italian.

A SIXTEEN- PAGE pamphlet entitled "The Physiology of the Body
Politic," by the indefatigable L. D. Beckwith, has been received. It
is an admirable and persuasive bit of work with sub-heads to guide
the reader. It is easy reading and Mr. Beckwith is to be congratulated.
The price is five cents for single copies.

PERCY R. WILLIAMS, secretary of the Henry George Foundation,
treated the Henry George Club of Pittsburgh recently to an account
of the Memphis Henry George Congress and the type of leadership
he found in Tennessee.

HENRY W. PRIESMEYER, of St. Louis, late in July became suddenly
ill and had to go to the hospital. After a two week's stay he went home
to be treated there. We are happy to report that he is now on the road
to recovery.

W. L. GROSSMAN, of Revere, Mass., corrects an error on page 168
of September-October issue of LAND AND FREEDOM where in the
tuary of C. J. Ogle is cited a passage from Numbers VL. It should be
VI.-24-26, Chapter VI.






THE following is an acknowledgement of the receipt of " Progress
and Poverty" by one lady to another: "What a waste of opportunity
ny friend, that for fifty years I failed to read this book, though familial
with the little folders. Just one of the innumerable and fine and im
portant things while lesser ones shoved in ahead. I have been skimminj
over its dominant spots and am eager to dig deeper and read thor<
oughly. It is good of you to think me worth while including in youi
missionary work, and I thank you."

WE have received 100 copies of the prospectus of the prize essa;
contest inaugurated by the Henry George Foundation of Great Britain
Copies may be had by addressing this office or by direct applicatioi
to the Foundation of Great Britain, 94 Petty France, London, S. W
I., London, Eng. There are two awards of ten pounds each and othe
smaller awards.

AT the same time there reaches us an announcement of the publica
tion by the British Foundation of editions of "Progress and Poverty,'
"Protection or Free Trade," and "Social Problems," bound in rei
cloth and sold for three shillings by the set. These books are recom
mended for study in this essay contest. The British Foundation als<
announces a new edition of the "Science of Political Economy" fo
2s 6d. In advance of publication orders for no fewer than 1,100 copie
have been received.

MRS. PHILLIPS "Landlord's Game" was on exhibition at th
Memphis Conference. It is said to be most interesting and instructivf
We recall playing it some years ago. The rules are simple and easil
learned. The player learns many useful lessons in economics and som
have called it as fascinating as "bridge. " Mrs. Phillips is a Washingto
lady and a member of the Woman's S. T. organization in that cit}
Those wishing to receive a description of how the game is played ca
address her at 1735 Fourteenth Street, N. W., Washington, D. C.

THE Annual Henry George Commemoration Dinner was held i
London, Eng., on November 17. Mr. Ashley Mitchell presided



LAND AND FREEDOM



215



Mrs. de Mille and her daughter Agnes were "of the company." W.
R. Lester was the guest of honor. We are familiar on this side of the
water with Mr. Lester's long years of service. Our English friends do
well to honor him.

A SMALL group of the active workers in this city have been meeting
every fortnight to discuss modes of propaganda and work to be under-
taken. Among the subjects discussed are: which of Henry George's
works are best adapted to the beginner? It was felt that "Progress and
Poverty" is not so well adapted for the beginner as others of George's
works. Those present seemed to feel that legislative bills should be
prepared and presented in Congress and State Legislatures and that
our people should appear before legislative committees to argue tax
matters. Mr. Bolton Hall, who has attended all these meetings and
who is looked to as the Nestor of the group, gave it as his opinion that
regardless of the fate of legislative bills, they would give something
for our people to work for and talk about. Correspondence is invited.

AN admirable report of the Memphis Henry George Congress appears
in the Pitchfork, of Dallas, Texas, from the pen of our old friend, G. B.
Foster, of the same city. The account is extremely well done.

BENJAMIN W. BURGER'S address at the Congress, "The Single Tax
in Perspective," was printed in the Fairhope Courier, Fairhope, Ala.,
af October 20 and 27.

JAMES HUGH KELLEY, of Washington, D. C., died in August. His
home on the outskirts of Washington was long a rendezvous for Single
Taxers. He read "Progress and Poverty " in 1886 and it stirred him
profoundly. It was not long before he became an active supporter
of the movement. In 1924 he married Mrs. Jessie Lane, niece of H.
Martin Williams, and the union was an exceptionally happy one.

FRED BIERMAN, of Decorah, Iowa, a subscriber of LAND AND
FREEDOM, was swept into Congress by a large majority in the late
Democratic landslide.

JOHN CHAMBERLAIN in the New York Times of Sunday, October 23,
writes a discriminating review of Burton J. Hendrick's somewhat
undiscriminating life of Andrew Carnegie. He rebukes Mr. Hendrick
or calling Henry George "something of a Socialist." Mr. Chamber-
ain says: "Henry George was a pure individualist; his Single Tax
doctrine was elaborated in the hope of saving capitalism from slipping
into socialism."

WE have received the Sept.-Oct. issue of le Libre Exchange, the monthly
bulletin of the French Free Trade League. It is a splendid publication
devoted exclusively to the discussion of international trade relations,
the effect of tariffs on the economic conditions of European and other
Muntries and their relation to the many economic and social distur-
bances throughout the world. It contains a mass of information in
the form of reports and statistical data up to date. The current num-
ber includes many interesting comments on world trade problems,
trade conferences such as the Ottawa Conference, the Bolivian-Para-
guay conflict, and a number of important articles by Max Sorel, P.
iiannelia, Daude Bancel and others, several of whom are known to us
is confirmed Georgists. Those of our readers who are not acquainted
with this organization will be pleased to learn of its existence and
splendid work. The secretary is Max Sorel, whose address is 1 Rue
D' Orleans, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.

The Christian Century, of Nov. 2, contains an article by Frederic
C. Howe on the Single Tax. This forms one of a series of articles on
"The Way Out." We hope to present extracts from Mr. Howe's
article in some future number of LAND AND FREEDOM.



WE have received a memorial presented to Hon. Franklin D. Roose-
velt on his visit to Los Angeles, Calif., and signed by David Wood-
head, John Steven, E. M. Scofield, George Shaffer, Harry H. Ferrell,
George A. Briggs, Anthony Pratt, and R. E. Chadwick, as committee
for the Association for the Restoration of Democracy in America. It
is too long to print in the present crowded state of our columns but it
seems to us an admirable statement.



STATEMENT of the Ownership, Management, Circulation, etc.,
required by the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912, of LAND AND
FREEDOM, published bi-monthly at New York, N. Y., for October,
1932.

State of New York, County of New York, ss.:

Before me, a notary in and for the State and county aforesaid,
personally appeared Joseph Dana Miller, who, having been duly sworn
according to law, deposes and says that he is the Editor of LAND AND
FREEDOM and that the following is, to the best of his knowledge and
belief, a true statement of the ownership, management, etc., of the
aforesaid publication for the date shown in the above caption, required
by the Act of August 24, 1912, embodied in Section 443, Postal Laws
and Regulations, to wit:

1. That the names and addresses of the publisher, editor and man-
aging editor and business managers are:

Publisher: Single Tax Publishing Co., Inc., ISO Nassau Street,
New York City.

Editor: Joseph Dana Miller, 150 Nassau St., New York City.

Managing Editor: Joseph Dana Miller, 150 Nassau Street, New
York City.

Business Manager: Joseph Dana Miller, 150 Nassau Street, New
York City.

2. That the owners are: Single Tax Publishing Co., Inc., Herman
G. Loew, Pres., George R. Macey, Sec., 150 Nassau Street, New
York City. None but Joseph Dana Miller own one per cent, or more
of stock.

3. That the known bondholders, mortgagees, and other security
holders owning or holding 1 per cent, or more of total amount of
bonds, mortgages, or other securities are: None.

4. That the two paragraphs next above, giving the names of the
owners, stockholders and security holders, if any, contain not only
the list of stockholders and security holders as they appear upon the
books of the company, but also, in cases where the stockholders or
security holder appears upon the books of the company as trustee or
in any other fiduciary relation, the name of the person or corporation
for whom such trustee is acting, is given; also that the said two para-
graphs contain statements embracing affiant's knowledge and belief
as to the circumstances and conditions under which stockholders and
security holders who do not appear upon the books of the company
as trustees, hold stock and securities in a capacity other than that
of a bona fide owner; and this affiant has no reason to believe that any
other person, association or corporation has any interest direct or
indirect in the said stocks, bonds, or other securities than as so stated
by him.

JOSEPH DANA MILLER,

EDITOR.

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 26th clay of September, 1932.
[Seal] LOUIS D. SCHWARTZ, Notary Public

New York County.



216



LAND AND FREEDOM



JUST PUBLISHED

THE ELEVENTH

COMMANDMENT

by FRANCIS NEILSON

author of
HOW DIPLOMATS MAKE WAR

When Jehovah led His Chosen People into



Online LibraryOutdoor Advertising Association of AmericaLand and freedom (Volume 32) → online text (page 53 of 54)