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March 6, 172|. J. Anstis to H. (Rawl. i. 108). Wishes to borrow
H.'s copy of New College statutes [see Diary, Mar. 8, 9, 10, 11].

Mar. 5-10.] VOLUME CXX, PAGES 145-150 105.

minute using, and therefore desire to be excused from parting with any,
even for so little a time as a minute.

He says the book I have lately printed (he means the Black Book of
the Exchequer) was certainly copied from the present Red Book of the
Exchequer. But this is a great mistake, and the quite contrary is very

This afternoon, M^". (commonly called D^^.) Salmon called upon me
with Mr. Whiteside. He is a good sort of man & a Non-Juror and
practiseth Physick, and for some Diversion, as well as support, he dives
a little into Antiquities, tho' he is by no means a very good Antiquary. 10

I find that he is acquainted with Sir Thomas Sebright. But it seems
Sir Thomas, since the death of Dr, Fowlkes, hath little or no regard to
books, what he so much minded formerly at the Instigation and by the
persuasion of D^. Fowlkes, a Thing w^h got Sir Thomas great Repu-

March 9 (Sun.). I spent the evening yesterday with the foresaid
Mr. Salmon, Mr. Whiteside, &c. M^. Salmon hath but an indifferent
opinion of the Roman tessellated Pavements, and thinks (very wildly)
that many of them are of a late make, and do not come near the Roman
times. 20

Mr. Anstis saith he hath several things relating to the Barne bishop in
the Register of the Garter, p. 308, &c. In his Letter to me of the 6*^ he
calls this custom a foolery. He says he hath there shewn that it was
observed in several Societies, where there had been no Cathedrals, that
it was not only upon Innocents Day, but frequently upon S*. Nicholas &
other times, both in this kingdom & foreign parts. Here were also Barn
Abbots, and what is memorable beyond sea a Pape des Fous. He hath
likewise the Ecclesiastical Services performed beyond sea upon these occa-
sions & several other particulars, which came to his knowledge since the
time that he wrote that book. 30

Dr. Rawlinson, in his Letter from London of the i ^^^ of Feb. last, tells
me he could be glad I would use any of the MSS. that belonged to his
late brother, with his restrictions. He says a year or less will determine
their fate and matters, ' and transcripts ' saith he ' such as you make, can
never be useless '. [But such Restrictions I cannot come into, my hands
being otherwise imployed than to attend only those MSS. ; so I had
rather wave it.]

March 10 (Men.). M^". Salmon went from Oxford this morning for
Hartfordshire, where he lives. His chief business here was to get off
what copies he could of his Antiquities of Hartfordshire- 40

March 9, 172f. Thomas Baker to H. (Rawl. 22. 91), Knows nothing
about Hen. Blancford beyond what is said in the Catalogue of the Scotch
Historical Library. Sends extracts about episcopus puerorum.

March 10, 172f. H. to Sir Thomas Sebright (Rawl. 9. 56, draft). The
books, which are ready to be delivered, may be obtained from either Mr.
William Bedford or Mr. Robert Gordoun, who both lodge at Mr. Bettenham's,
Printer, in St. John's Lane, near Hick's Hall, London. Writes to ask if
Sir Thomas possesses a MS. of Josephus Monachus Eveshamensis, which was


He came to me yesterday, in the forenoon, a little before twelve of the
Clock, and borrowed of me Plot's Natural History of Oxfordshire, wcb he
returned in the evening. He said, it was to write out what Plot had said
about Rollright stones. I told him Plot seemed to be right enough there
as to the name, the word plainly shewing it to be the same with Rollo rex,
and to have been put up in the Danish times ; but I told him as to Stone
Henge, History tells us it was British, and in my Preface to Peter Lang-
toft I have signified that the Britains [sic^ might learn the art from the
Romans. M^. Salmon said he intended to make all this kind of stones
10 British, w<^li I look upon as a Paradox.

Ml". Anstis believes that if I should hereafter make a Supplement to
the Black Book from the Red Book, nothing would be more acceptable.

Mr. Anstis hath a note in his Register of the Garter about TuUy de
Senectute translated by W^ Wyrcester, and he takes it to be the Book
printed by Caxton t2 Aug., 1481. M^. Murray hath this printed book,
but it does not appear to me to be Wyrcester's translation.

March 11 (Tu.). Notwithstanding what is wrote above, upon second
thoughts I lent M^. Anstis my MS. of New College Statutes, since he is
so good a friend, and hath promised to return it safe within a very short

20 time, which I have humbly desired may be done, and I have told him
I would not have it shewed. I sent it him this day by Godfrey's

Dr. Rawlinson hath at last found, amongst his late brother's books,
Archbishop WiUiams's MSS. notes on Laud's Star Chamber speech,
transcribed from the original by Sir Peter Pett, formerly of All Souls
College, his secretary and executor, taken notice of by Sir Peter in his
Memoirs of the Earl of Anglesey, and by M^". Bedford in his excellent
piece against Priestcraft in Peifection, At the end of it is a note by
Pett, which puts all beyond doubt, so that, the original being now lost,

30 this hath no price, saith D^. Rawlinson, who fears S*. John's Coll. in Cam-
bridge have destroyed it, but this, tho' on grounds, he is unwilling to

March 12 (Wed.). On Sunday last, after he had drunk his Coffee,
Dr. Joseph Woodward, Fellow of Oriel College, Register of the Vice-
Chancellour's Court and Official to the Archdeacon of Berks., was siezed
very violently with the Epidemical Ague and Feaver, that hath raged

once in the library of Mr. Edward LIuyd. Would like to borrow it, to see if it
throws any light on the work which H. is now publishing, the life of Richard II,
by a monk of Evesham.

March 11, 172|. T. Carte to H. (Rawl. 4. 30). Would be glad of a copy
of the Black Book for the Marquis d'Aubais, with whom (when he last wrote)
the Chevalier de Ramsay was staying.

March 11, 172f . H. to [J. Anstis] (Rawl. 1 10. 62). Denies that the Black
Book is copied from the Red Book. Would like A.'s opinion about printing
the Acta Prelaturae of John Whethamsted.

March 11, 172f. James West to H. (Rawl. 11. 143) [see Diary,
Mar. 16].

March 12, 172f. J. Anstis to H. (Rawl. i. 109). There is a volume of
John Whethamsted at the Heralds' Office ; thinks Mr. Rawlinson has another

Mar. 10-14.] VOLUME CXX, PAGES 150-154 107

(and continues to rage) so extremely for more than two years, and died
the next day, being Mon., Mar. 10, at his house in New-Inn-Hall Lane,
wcb he had purchased, and where he lived many years before he died.
He took the degree of M.A. July 11, 1673, and that of B. & D.C.L.
June 30, 1687 ; so that he was at least fourscore years old at his Death.
He was a single man & had been very handsome. He was always very
neat, and was a man of a pretty fair Character among several People.
He hath been altogether in for about a year and an half, and hath not
been a great while at the Vice-Chancellour's Court (but had a Deputy),
being quite weary thereof, upon account of the abhominable Corruptions 10
& Villainies there, made use of both by Judge & Proctors,^ and of their
horrid Ignorance in the Law, Bouchier (the judge), as he hath no Law
nor Honesty himself, so he loves to have Proctors that have as little.
[He was buried in S*-. Marie's Church on Thursday afternoon, March 13.]
I am told the Earl of Oxford hath a MS. of Magd. College Statutes

March 13 (Thur.). They have reprinted at London, the Tryal of
Sir John Oldcastle by Bale, as they reprint there almost everything that
they can get a penny by.

Nobody can tell what occasioned M^. LoWe to drown himself (as I find 20
'tis agreed he did) unless domestick troubles. It seems he had always
taken the Oaths, so that I am told there can not be the least suspicion on
that account. He had many good places, & his estate is between 1 1 &
12,000 libs., which would have daily increased had he lived. He was
withall a man well beloved & of a very good fair Character. I am apt
to think he hath been melancholy (I know not for what) for some time.
For having wrote to him for something more than these last 12 months,
about a particular business relating to my Friend the honourable Benedict
Leonard Calvert, Esq., I never could get an answer, altho' I wrote to him
again afterwards. Nay, tho' he went thro' Oxford last summer (what 30
I did not know till lately) yet he did not vouchsafe either to call upon
me or to send to me ; so that I cannot but think there was something
very heavy upon him.

To ask Mr. Baker what he knows about the feast of S^. Marie's church
at Cambridge, namely what day it was kept. It should seem to have
been the Sunday after the ii^^ of July (Visit. B.M.V.), from what I can
learn from the Author I am now printing of Ric. IPs Life.

March 14 (Fri.). D^. RawHnson's collection of original Seals of forreign
Convents &c. is judged to be the most singular, if not the largest, in
Europe, and its first master had in Italian prepared an account of many 40

volume ; and there is a volume of Whethamsted in the Cotton Library. ' If
you know a boy of mine in Baliol, pray, if you admit such Urchins, remember
me to him & give him some Instructions.'

Undated, but endorsed by Hearne, *1729'. B[enjamin] Cole to H.
(Rawl. 4. 91). Asks of what college Otho Nicholson was, who 'founded
the Gondwite '.

^ This does not mean the Proctors of the University. In the Vice-Chancellor's
Court the barristers or counsel were called proctors. — Ed.


of them for the Press. The D^. hath some design of bringing it to
maturity. He hears the Earl of Oxford hath a mind to the Collection.
But the Dr. designs to preserve them all together, if not for posterity, at
least for his own use during his own Life.

On Wednesday last (Mar. 12*) died the widow Jenks, of S*. Peter's
parish in the East, Oxford, whose Husband, a glover of that parish, died
several years ago. The said M^. Jenks was a man that loved to talk
much of Antiquities, particularly those relating to the said church of
S*. Peter, and when I was a young man he desired me to give him an
10 account thereof, which accordingly I did. She was of a great age, as he
was also.

On the same day died M^. Hall, an atturney, at his house in New Inn
Hall Lane, a man of no very good Character. He died but in mean
circumstances & hath left a widow & several children. He was near
threescore years of age. [Buried Thursday night, in S*. Michael's church
yard, Oxford.]

Yesterday died the widow York, at her house in St. Gyles's parish,
Oxford. Her maiden name was Finch. Her husband died there several
years ago, and was buried in the Parish Church of White Waltham, in
20 Berks., where she was buried also on Wed., Mar. 19, 1728.

March 15 (Sat.). Samuel Peploe, Bishop of Chester, hath published
his Charge to his Clergy at his Primary Visitation, wcli is a very poor, silly
& ridiculous one, but as good as may be exspected from an illiterate knave.
He speaks against Roman Catholicks and Non- Jurors and other honest
men, with a great deal of maUce, and would fain seem (what he is not)
a pious, good man.

Mr. Clarke, a Farmer & Malster of Littlemore, near Oxford, tells me
he is in the 53d year of his age. He was Tenant to my late friend
Mr. Thomas Kimber of Hollywell, and he still lives in the same house.
30 M^, Spenser of Horspath told me this afternoon that he is 54 years old
this next 28*^1 of March.

Sir Philip Sydenham mightily wants the printed Catalogue of Magd.
Hall Library. 1 had it formerly, but I lent it many years ago to Mr., now
Dr., Richard Rawlinson, who never returned it. I know not where to
get another.

March 16 (Sun.). Yesterday, in Convocation, at 2 Clock in the after-
noon, Mj. W"! Jorden of Pembroke Coll. was elected by the Univ. of
Oxford rector of Odstocke in com. Wilts. {\v^^ belongs to a Roman
Catholick Family, the Webbs) in opposition to M"". Crawford of Balliol
40 Coll.

Silas Taylor's Antiquities of Harwich &c. in Essex, with many Additions
by Mr. Dale (who hath got vast collections for that whole county) is in
the Press. So Mr. West tells me. Who this M"". Dale is, I know not.

March 17 (Men.). D^^. Archer, in his Letter to me dated at Wells
Jan. 15, 1728, tells me that he wishes their books at Wells had afforded
him the pleasure of giving me any account of the custom of electing an
episcopus puerorum ; but there is not the least mention of such a little
gentleman in any one of them.


Mar. 14-18.] VOLUME CXX, PAGES 154-158 109

He says, they have a statute made in April 1331, wch'forbids all sports,
plays and theatrical diversions to be used in the cathedral between
Christmas day and the octaves of the holy Innocents, which were used
by the vicars and clerks of the church at that time, but it saith nothing
of the chorister bishop and his canons.

He fancies, if that custom were thoroughly examined as to its original,
its first use was owing to the liberias Decer?ibrica, indulged to all persons
of the lowest station at that time of year ; but this (he says) is only
a conjecture of his, founded upon this statute of their church & some
others in England and abroad. 10

'Tis certain there was such a custom at Wells, as appears from the
Communars' accounts, the oldest of which remaining at Wells is dated
1327, & in that there is this article in the yearly expenses: In commwia
episcopi Intiocentiiim et canomcorimi suorum us. ixd. The next is in 1343,
in which is thus expressed : In communa parvi episcopi et canonicorum suo-
rum lis. ixd. The same style is continued in the rest of the communars'
accounts to 1539, which is the last, with this addition of the distribution
of the money, viz. Episcopo viii d., cuilibet canonico iid., comviuniario id.,
in to to iis, ix d.

If the copy of the above-mentioned statute will be acceptable to me, 20
the Dr. will very readily send it me.

In my answer to him, Mar. 4, I told him 'twould be acceptable to me,
as all valuable pieces of antiquity are.

March 18 (Tu.). D^". Rawlinson tells me that he thinks he may now
say the new edition of INIatthew Parker is at the conclusion, Dr. Drake,
the editor, being on the Preface.

He says my reflexion (in my Ed. of the Black Book of the Exchequer)
on Norden has caused some disturbance at London from his patrons

March 18, 172|. H. to Rev. T. Carte (Carte MS. 227. 178). Sends two
copies of the Black Book ; is sorry no more can be spared. Has entered the
Marquis d'Aubais for Vita Ricardi II.

March 18, 172|. B. L. Calvert, Maryland, to H. (Rawl. 27 B. 204). ' You
cannot expect from me in this Unpohshed part of the Universe any Entertain-
ment worthy your consideration ; Antiquities we have none ; Learning is
scarce known here ; our Conversation runs on planting Tobacco and such other
improvements of trade, as neither the Muses inspire, nor Classic Authors
treat of.

' Wee have had here of late a Printing house set up, which I have encouraged
with as much Countenance from the Government as possible. Wee have
printed our Body of Laws, and I herewith send you one of our first issue
of the press, a Translation of the Muscipula by one Lewis, a schoolmaster here
who formerly belonged to Eaton, a man realy of Ingenuity, and to my Judg-
ment well versed in Poetry. Wee have here settled a fund for a free school
in the several 12 Counties, which have mostly masters, but I think the Province
too young for such a separated Scituation of Studies ; 1 would rather the
funds appropriated for these 1 2 schools were settled on our two older founda-
tions, viz. on a free school here at Annapolis and at Oxford, a convenient Town
over our Bay. I should then hope for some real success of Education amongst
us; two schools well provided of Masters were better than 12 indifferently
suited with one each, and inconvenient for Scholars, there being no Towns or
accommodations for Boarding Scholars, where those 12 Schools are fixed.


and admirers. He says Essex by Norden is under consideration. ^B. the
D^, himself is concerned in these things of Norden, but he had not
considered that Norden was a Puritan 'till I discovered it.

At the same time (viz. in his Letter from London of Feb. 17, 1728) he
told me he heard there was in the Press an alphabetical Catalogue of the
Duke of Kingston's Library, of wch very few were to be printed, and
none for the publick. It contains many good printed books and several
valuable MSS.

* For my own part (as wee have already made the best provision for a regular
Clergy, and Learning, of any Colonies in America) I shall be very desirous to
see a real foundation for literature, well and prosperously established during my

* Some short Description of this Province, wherein I am settled for some
time, may not be disagreable to my Curious friend. This Province, first seated
by the Charges of my Great Grandfather, Caecilius L^ Baltimore, in 1633,
is now by the blessing of God become both fruitfull and populous. We are, I
reckon, 80,000 souls. Whites and Negroes, exclusive of Indians. The Extent
of our Province about 120 miles each way, Latitude and Longitude. Our model
of government, after that in England, myself Representative of the King and
L^ Proprietary, with the Upper and Lower Houses of Assembly, Executing
Legislation, as King, Lords, and Commons in England ; our Courts of Justice
resembling, as near as may be, those in England. Wee have about 36 parishes
at present, whose Incumbencies one with another is [j/V] at least 150 pounds
per annum each, often much better, as our Staple, Tobacco, rises or falls in
Value. We are in some expectation of a Bishop to be settled amongst us,
to supervise the Clergy, which I should be glad to have ; for some Ecclesiastical
discipline is necessary amongst them, and I have been hitherto very forbearing
of temporal or civil power, least [sic] I should indulge an Example to others,
who might not proceed with that tenderness and defference to the Clergy, as
myself am well Inclined. Our Clime is very hot in Summer and equally cold
in Winter ; but as the Woods by cultivation are cleared, the air becomes
rriore wholsome. As for the Indians, natives and ancient Inhabitants here,
I have made as frequent Conversations with them as opportunity has offered ;
they are a close, sullen people, reserved to themselves, little communicative of
any thing but when drunk, and then so Unintelligible and given to lying that
little dependance is to be had on their relations ; but I have found so much
Analogy between their language and our European Dialects, and between some
of their Notions and ours, in some particular Maxims of Religion and Govern-
ment, such a Conformity, that my Curiosity is fully bent on further Enquiries,
the success whereof I shall with much pleasure impart to my Good friend
M''. Hearne.

' Thus far. Dear Sir, have I entertained you with an imperfect and Idle
relation of these parts, which I hope time will Enable to compleat in a more
perfect History of these parts, which I design for the World, if my Abilities or
opportunities fall not too short. What I have now wrote is only for private
amusement of yourself and friends ; the Publick shall be hereafter obliged, if
I am capable of it.

' I remember you desired of me, on my leaving England, to know after what
style to insert me in your subscription list, which, if you please, may be
as follows : The Honourable B. L. C, Go-vernour of the Province of Maryland
in America. Present my sincere respects to M''^. Lehunte, Colley and White-
side, if alive and at Oxford. I should have wrote to M''. Lehunte, but as I hear
he has left Oxford and know not where he may be settled. Direct my Books
as usual to M}^. Lowe at Westminster, and rest assured of my remaining with

Mar. 18-20.] VOLUME CXX, PAGES 158-160 in

March 19 (Wed.). The farther part of Xt Ch. meadow (wcli is in
Berkshire) is in the parish of St. Aldate, Oxford, and the Tithes (as I take
it) of right belong to the Minister of S*. Aldate's.

Browne Willis, Esq., being in Oxford, he spent the evening with us last
night in Cat Street. He speaks much against M^. Salmon's Antiquities
of Hartfordshire, as a Thing extracted & epitomized (tho' he says but
very poorly and injudiciously) from Sir Henry Chauncy. Yet I think it
better done than JM"". Willis's own performances, I mean where M^. Willis
hath been left to himself; for as for the View of the IMitred Abbeys in
Leland, particular care was taken by some body else to have it well done. lo

A friend of Dr. Rawlinson's, at Bologna in Italy, writes word that he has
purchased a collection of 2.800 brass medals, Roman and Grecian, 1,000
of which are, he says, of the large brass, the rest of the common size.
They belonged to the noble family of Hercolani, whom the D"". remembers
in his travels.

March 20 (Thur.), M^. Graves, of Mickleton in Gloucestershire, came
to Oxford on Tuesd. night last and went for London this morning. He
told us last night (Mr. Willis being one of the company) that his son of
University College (who designs to study Physick) is twenty years old.

Mr. Graves told me last night that M'. Ballard, the taylour of Camp- 20
den, hath improved his stock or collection of coins to a prodigious degree.

The transporting books from beyond sea is a vast charge at the Custom
House in England. No country but England knows a Tax on learning.
The doctrine of Naples, broached by the Emperor Charles V, is Libri
sint liberi, and that in a Country fertile of taxes.

One Mr. Berkeley has published a draught of a Bath, built in the
Imperial palace temp. Augiisti Imp. with an explication. D^. Rawlinson
informs me of this ; but he says, if the man has as little skill as some-
thing else, he shall little regard it. He was protestant domestick chaplain
at Rome, when D^". Rawlinson was there. Should he come ever to 30
Oxford, the D^. advises me to be cautious. He speaks this as the vogue
of the World at London. He is of a nation (says the Dr.) whom Cleve-
land has celebrated jioifor their honesty.

Mr. Willis told us that King's Walden ^ in Hartfordshire belonged to
the Priory of INIerton in Surrey, and he said it was so in the Registers of
Lincoln, wct Registers, however, he said he had not seen.

great Esteem, Dear Sir, Your sincere friend and very Humble Servant, Benedict
Leonard Calvert. Annapolis, the Capital of Maryland; March 18*^, i72f.'

[Endorsed by Hearne : ' Received Sunday night, June 22^^^^ 1729, by Post,
which with the Book inclosed cost me 3.;. 6^.']

March 20, 172f. John Loveday to H. (Rawl. 15. 125). Sends the
description of a medal of the Emperor Severus. Sends an epitaph composed
by Mr. Dalby, who married one of the Finches ; he was quite crazed. Suggests
that H. is wrong in the Black Book, and that Weteleia should be identified
with Witley, near Reading, not Wadley. Presents him with two books of

^ King's Walden was the cure of Mr. Whiteside. He seems to have had rooms in
Cat Street, and probably this remark was made there. — Ed.


March 21 (Pri.). Mr. Willis was again with us last night in Cat Street,
when Mr. Samuel Parker, &c. was also there. M^. Willis always talks of
his own Performances, w^b are (excepting his View of the Mitred Abbies
in Leland) meer Rhapsodies. He usually takes any thing upon trust,
and runs thereby into thousands of errours, wch he takes little or no care
to correct.

Mr. Henry Wharton, tho' a very learned man, yet wanted that Integrity
as Archbp. Sancroft and many exspected from him, and for that reason
the suffering men esteemed him much less than they otherwise would
10 have done, w^*^ when he considered, it struck much upon his spirits.


March 23, 172| (Sun.). Fog's Journal, March 22, 1728.

The University of Cambridge has purchased all D'". Woodward's fossils for
£1,000, he having bequeathed those that were foreign, to the said University
by Will.

Mr. Thomas Wagstaffe, son of the late famous M^. Thomas Wagstaffe,
is about putting out the Lives of William of Wickham and Archbishop
Chichely in English. So M^. Parker acquainted us 'tother night, he
having had a Letter from Mr. Wagstaffe on that subject.

March 24 (Mon.). M^. Loveday, in a Letter from Caversham,
20 where he now is, March 20, i72f, sends me the following odd epitaph
from a stone in S*. Gyles's churchyard in Reading, woli was put up 5 or

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