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Hearne's perusal.

May 9, 1730. T. Baker to H. (Rawl. 22. 37) {see Diary, May 21, 22].



^ The Bishop's name was Gynwall. — Ed.

^ The deed is in the Cartulary of St. John's Hospital ; however, it does not
speak of the jurisdiction of the Chancellour of the University, but of the King's
Chancellour. — Ed.



May 7-13.] VOLUME CXXV, PAGES 136-143 277

Excellent Princes Marye, Quene of England, at Winchester. Printed by
John Waylande.

Mr. Twyne, in p. 280 of his Apology, takes notice of a great mistake
in Robert Hare's Memorabilia of Cantabn'giae for Oxoniae, as if the
Scholars had went from Cambridge to Northampton, and began to settle
an University there upon account of the contest, anno 1246. Whereas
there was no such Difference then at Cambridge (wch was not indeed then
become an University) but it was at Oxford, and 'twas certainly from
Oxford that the Scholars went on that account, the Affronts they had
received from the Townesmen of Oxford being so very great that they 10
could not bear with them. But they continued not long from Oxford,
matters being made up much to the Advantage of the Scholars, but 'twas
very much against the Inhabitants of Northampton's Inclinations & desires
that the Schools begun to be opened there should be shut up & a stop put
to the Prospect they were in of their Town's becoming an University.

May 10 (Sun.). M^. West, in his Letter of April 29, assures me that
the Epitaph handed about (and inserted at the beginning of this Book) of
Mr. Le Neve, is under his own hand in his Possession, lent him by his
Widow & Executor. He hath also his Creed, which he says is as
remarkable as the other. 20

On the 28th of April last was opened at Westminster a fine Monument
of Sir Godfrey Kneller. The inscription (sent by M^. West)

[Inscription omitted.]

Fletcher Gyles hath printed Lambard's Topographical Dictionary.

The Author of the Annals of Hyde is said by some to be ^Ifricus
Abbas, See Twyne, p. 211. I look upon this to be a IMistake, no such
Thing being noted by Wharton, as I remember.

May 12 (Tu.). On ]\Iay i, 1730, being Friday, died M^s. Litchfeild,
wife of Leonard Litchfield, the Printer, and was buried in S'. Peter's
Churchyard in the East, Oxford (where they lived), on Sunday evening, 30
May '^^. Her Maiden Name was Betts. She was about 50 years of
age. She was a very handsome Woman when young. She was the
second Wife of M^". Litchfield. By her he had many Children, several of
wcb (whereof one is a Daughter) are living.

John Mauduith, a most famous Mathematician, who flourished about
the times of Edw. II & Edw. Ill, before w^b there was another John
Mauduith that was Author of the Tabulae Astronomicae Oxonunses (see
Twyne, Apol., p. 217). Twyne proves Mauduith to have flourished at
Oxford about the year 1070, together with Ingulphus, &c. (see Twyne,
p. 221), & he quotes Tho. Allen for confirmation, ex ciijics bibliotheca (says 40
he) haec hauswms.

May 13 (Wed.). D^". Rawlinson told me, in a Letter from London
House of Feb. 7 last, that he is perswaded I will take no publick notice
of that juvenile performance of his, printed many years ago at Oxford, of
the Life of Anthony Wood, since (he says) the Editor is neither proud of
it, nor has distributed any of them, but to their proper place the Flames.
[^B. I have this little Thing of the D^'s., being given me by himself,



278 HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS [1730 r

& there are many of them about, and tho' 'tis no secret that he penned it^
yet I shall very readily observe his direction.]

John Leland (in p. 233 de Scriploribus) says Roger Hereford was of
Cambridge, purely as it seems because he found his works there in Peter-
house, yet M'^. Twyne, p. 220, tells us the contrary, and that he was long
before Hen. H's time, notwithstanding Bale, from Leland, tells us that he
flourished in that Reign.

May 14 (Thur.). M^". Deodatus Bye, A.M. & sometime since Clark
of All Souls, who is now a Curate in Kent, on April 16 last sent Mr.
10 Loveday, of Magd. Coll., the draught of a Vessel, found a few days before
at Allington (a village within two miles of Maidstone) two foot under-
ground. It is of copper (being indeed an Urn, with a handle to take it
up, like our Brass Coffee or Tea Vessels). There were three or four
Earthen Urns standing by it. He purchased the Vessel for a shilling,
& the Country Man laughed heartily at him in the Bargain. The said
M^. Bye is a good Rabbinical Scholar, & was sometime since usher to
Mr, Hiley, Schoolmaster at Reading.

To know of Mr. Baker, whether he can tell anything particular of M^".
Nich. Ferrar, more than is in Walton's Life of M^". George Herbert.

30 May 16 (Sat.). On the lo*^ inst., being Sunday, meeting M^. Robert
Wood, of the Racket Court, upon Magd. Bridge, as I was walking between
II and 12 Clock to Heddington to dinner, he told me that his Uncle
Anthony was not ill used at Merton College or ejected the common
Room upon account of any difference with the College, but that the ill
will shewed him there was only by Sir Thomas Clayton and Sir Thomas's
party, because Anthony used to give no better Character of him than that
he was Head of Merton College and a Knight.

Mr. Edward Acton, LL.B., rector of Bentworth, near Alton, in Hamp-
shire, and Chaplain to the Right Hon. Talbot [Yelverton], Earl of

30 Sussex, tells me in a Letter dated at Bentworth, May i, 1730, that his
good friend & neighbour, M^. Thomas Hinton, rector of Lasham, died
April 3''ct last, after a short illness, aetat. 72. He was taken with the dead
Palsie the 26*^1 of March in the Evening, w^b took away his speech and
the use of all one side. He never recovered either, but had some sense
to the last.

Sir Robert Doilly, in the 5^1^ year of K. Stephen, received the Empress
Maud at Oxford as his Lady and Mistress, whence I conclude that he
was an enemy of Stephen's and a great friend of that great Lady's. 'Tis
mentioned in the MS. anon. Chronicle, lent me by M^". West, that

40 belonged formerly to Gervase Holies.



May 14, 1730. Beaupr6 Bell to H. (Rawl. 2. 89) [see Diary, May 23].
B. B. has been hitherto detained in London by business of the utmost
consequence.

May 15, 1730. H. to Dr. Mead (Diaries, 125. 154). Asks that he may
have a transcript of Cott. MS. Vitell. F. ix. 3, the Chronicle of Thomas
Otterburn.

May 15, 1730. Anstis to H. (Diaries, 126. 47). If Mr. Murray will call
at the Heralds' Office, he will receive the MS. of Hemingford for H.'s use.



May 13-20.] VOLUME CXXV, PAGES 143-152 279

May 17 (Whit-Sunday). Tho' it be not expressly said that Wm of
Malmesbury, who died anno 1 142, was an Oxford man, yet Brian Twyne,
in p. 226 of his Apology, is fully of opinion that he studied History at
Oxford. And that which seems to confirm the matter is this, that
Malmesbury, giving an account of S*. Frideswide's Church being restored
by K. Ethelred, refers for authority to an authentick evidence that he had
read in the Archives of the same Church, whence it appears that
IMalmesbury was diligent at Oxford in searching Antiquity.

May 18 (Men.). On Saturday, May 9*^ 1730, died of a dead palsy
and the dropsy, ]\Ir. Gab. S*. Barbe, M.A. & Fellow of Corpus Xti College. 10
He was buried in the College the next day. He had been originally of
Edmund Hall, where he had an elder Brother, who is still living in the
west parts of England. This INfr. Gabriel S<^. Barbe (who was a perfectly
goodnatured man) took the Degree of M.A., Mar. 11, 1702. He had the
Palsy many years, and was an handsome, ingenious, brisk man when
young.

On May 12, 1730, I wrote to M^. Anstis, Garter-principal King of
Arms, to desire him to procure me the Loan of Hemyngford in the
Heralds' Office, and I promised him to take great care of it and to restore
it faithfully. 20

I also at the same time wrote to the Earl of Oxford to desire him to
lend me his MS. of the same Author, that I may make what publick use
thereof I shall see necessary. And I withall desired him to let me know
whether he hath any part of Hemyngford after the year 1300.

Anno Regis Stephani xvo, institucio ordinis Praemonstratensis apud
Dribrygg. Mr. West's MS. anon. Chron., p. 15. Quaere where this
Dribrygg was.

May 19 (Tu.). From the Northampton Mercurj' for IMonday,
May II, 1730 :

On the 8*ii of April last died at Market Bosworth in Leicestershire, the 30
Rev. and learned Anthony Blackwall, A.M., justly celebrated for that excellent
Work, intitled, The Sacred Classicks illustrated and defended, or an Essay humbly
offered to^vards proving the Purity, Property and True Eloquence of the Writers of
the Ne=w Testament, &'c.

N3. He also wrote a good book about Reading the Classicks, w^b is in
S'^o & upon the prophane Authors, whereas the other is in 4*0. He was
a Schoolmaster.

May 20 (Wed.). A7i7io 27 Henrici II, Translacio sanctae Fi'eyeswidae
apud Oxon. in an anonymous MS. Chron. penes Jacobum West, arm.

From the Northampton Mercury for May 11, 1730: 40

London, May 9. The Rev. M^ Coppin, Fellow of All Souls College,



May 19, 1730. Tanner to H. (Rawl. 10. 8) \see Diary, May 27].

May 19, 1730. H. to John Murray (Rawl. 112. 272 ; Diaries, 126. 47).
Asks M. to call at the Heralds' Office for a MS. of Hemingford, of which H.
has the loan.

May 20, 1730. Beaupre Bell to H. (Rawl. 14. 35). Is glad the Speech
he sent will be of some use ; he believes it to be correctly copied.



28o HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS [1730:

Oxford, was married last Saturday to Miss Cheney of Hertfordshire, a Lady
of ^ 1 2,000 fortune.

On Monday last, the Rev. M^ Niblett, Warden of the said College, was
married to Miss Whitfeild, niece of the late Richard Whitfeild of Maidenhead
in Berks,, Esq.

Remember to ask TvR Baker of what College M^". Blackwall was (for
I think he was a Cambridge Man).

On Wednesday, May 13, 1730, called upon me, M"". Durham, Author
of Many Things, but he could not stay, his wife & son (Fellow of
10 S*. John's Coll., Oxon.) and 2 daughters being with him.

The said M^. Durham (who is a very worthy man) is Fellow of the
Royal Society, Prebendary of Windsor, and rector of Upminster, in
Essex.

He was (when I was a child) vicar of Wargrave near Reading in
Berks.

Neither of his Daughters are married. The eldest (who is more than
30) is a very fine Woman. The youngest is about 20. M^". Durham is
72 years of age, as he told me. His neck is strangely distorted by
a Palsy he had about 3 years ago.
20 I put him in mind of a promise he made me formerly when he entered
his Son, of sending me his account of observations of Building before the
Conquest, by w^ii he said he could prove that Stone Building in England
was very common before the Norman Conquest. He said he had forgot
his promise.

M'". Durham was a great acquaintance of M'. Griffyth's of White
Waltham, and they had a great respect for one another.

Mr. Durham a few years since was a great walker, & he would walk
over from Windsor to White Waltham and dine with M^. GrifFyth at the
Vicarage House of White Waltham.
30 On Thursday, May 14, 1730, died of the small Pox the wife of young
Mr. Ives, the Apothecary of S*. Mary's Parish in Oxford. He married her
from Great Milton. She was buried in S*. Mary's church on Saturday
night. May 1 6, at eleven Clock.

Mr. Baker hath communicated to me several Papers of D^. Humphreys,
late Bp of Hereford, to be printed, containing additions to and corrections
of the ist Vol. oi Athenae Oxon. Dr. Tanner told me he knew nothing
of them, wch is somewhat strange, M"". Baker having received them from
Dr. White Kennett, late Bp of Peterborough, to whom Dr. T. was better
known, and had better Interest in him than M"". Baker. And yet
40 M*". Baker tells me, he must own that he was to him a very kind and
communicative friend. 'My. Baker had the use of many volumes of his
Collections & might have had more had he lived, wcb was the more kind
in that it was not sought for by Mr. Baker. For tho' M^. B. was a perfect
Stranger to him, yet being at Cambridge, he did him the honor to call at
his Chamber & led him to a correspondence, & that notwithstanding
he knew at the same time he corresponded with Bp Atterbury & with me.
This great condescension M^". Baker says he must always thankfully
remember.

Remember to ask Mr. Baker, whether he ever saw Bp Kennett's
50 MS. account of Ant. a Wood, wcli he had written at the beginning



May 20-23.] VOL. CXXV, P. 152 — VOL. CXXVI, p. 4 281

oi Athenae Oxon. and which I saw (anno 1695, when I was a Schoolboy)
in the house of M^. Cherry of Shottesbrooke, where I then dwelt.

May 22 (Fri.). M^". Baker never saw Rastell's Chronicle, nor does he
know of any Copy at Cambridge. I believe my late Friend Thomas
Rawlinson had no Copy thereof. Ask his brother the Dr.

Neither hath i\Ir. Baker met with Chamber dekyfis in their old Books.
Sizars and Subsizars they have many, who within his memory have sub-
mitted to very mean Employments, now wholy left to Bedmakers or
inferior Servants.

Mr. Lewis has now publisht his Proposalls for Wickliff's Testament 10
compared with eleven MSS. by D^. Waterland, price 18 sh.

]\Ii". Baker has now had a sight of D^'. Brady's IMSS. (as he tells me in
his Letter from Cambridge of the 9^^ of jMay, 1730) iVom ^M"". Lighiwin's
Executor ; amongst w^^ are several Papers of value ; the difficulty is
to know what is printed already, as some undoubtedly are by Rymer and
other late Historians.

May 23 (Sat.).

[The inscriptions from Headington churchyard on Thomas Godfrey, who
died Jan. 26, 1706, and Thomas Godfrey, jun., who died Mar. 22, 1728.]

Those that make Alfred of Beverley a Cantabrigian, make use of 20
the words tU fertur, thereby signifying that 'twas uncertain, as may be
seen in Brian Twyne's Apol. p. 229.

On Saturday, May 16, I received from Beaupre Bell, Esq., a copy
of Dr. Spencer's speech to the Duke of IMonmouth, when the Duke was
installed Chancellour of the University of Cambridge. 'Tis written with
a Spirit, and is full of Flattery, w°^ that Duke always loved and was very
fond of.



VOL. CXXVL

[The first 46 pages of this volume are occupied with transcripts from
MSS.] 30

1724. On Sept. 7 last I received, among other things, from Thomas
Ward, of Longbridge near Warwick, Esq., a paper MS. wct he is pleased
to lend me, being a Sketch of Annals or of a Chronicle of England,
on paper, in a modern hand, beginning Anno 1066 and ending in
the year 1537, when perhaps the Collector lived, tho' the hand does
not seem to be quite so old as that of Hen. VIIL Many leaves are cut
out, viz. five at least about K. Ric. I and K. John. The book seems to
be collected from good Authors, tho' none are quoted. I like the method
& there are many good Things all along in it, tho' I think nothing
but what occurs in our printed Historians. 4°

At the same time I received from the said Mr. Ward a thin 4*0 MS. in
Paper, wcli he likewise lent me, containing —

1 . A Latin Homily written about the time of Hen. VI, as the whole
book was, in die Invencionis sanctae Crucis. •

2. Some other little things about the Cross.



282 HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS [1730:

3. De notis vel de sillabis musicis.

4. Ethimologizacio misericordiae.

5. De parentibus beatae Mariae.

6. De aetate b. Mariae virginis.

7. An English Homily upon these words in S*. Matthew, redde quod
debes. This book consists of twelve leaves or twenty-four pages.

May 29, 1725. Received from Peter Le Neve, Esq., Norroy K. of
Arms, a Parcel by Godfrey's waggon, for the carriage of w°^ I paid six
pence, containing three MSS. lent me by the said M"". Le Neve, w^l*
10 I must return before the \d^^ of next month, viz.

1. Quinque libri Hegesippi, natione Judaei, de excidio Judaeorum.
This is a later Hegesippus than he that lived in the second century. He
seems to be more than six hundred years after St. Ambrose, who flourished
anno 374.

[A description of the MS.]

2. Peirs Plowman in folio on vellum, writ (for ought I know) in or very
near the time of the Author ; for so the Hand shews. The work was
compiled (as I have shewed in Neubrigensis, p. 770) anno 1409. IvB. I
think, since I writ what goes before, that upon perusing the MS. it was

20 written in the time of Hen. VI. It is so very different from the Print, both
in the Contexture as well as lang^ua^e, that it seems to be new done
by somebody, I know not whether by him that altered Robert of Gloucester.

3. A quarto MS. in Paper containing three Pieces, viz.

1. Speculum humanae salvationis ; scriptum a. d. 1377 ad instantiam

Thomae Thirlaw sacerdotis.

[A description of it.]

2. Liber intitulatus manuale sacerdotis^ scriptus per Johannem

priorem de Lylleshulle.

[A description of it.]
30 3. Incipiunt hie versus propheciae Johannis de Brydlyngton.

All the said three Pieces are written in the same hand, in the time, I think,
of Hen. IV.

The Hegesippus and Peirs Plowman cost £11/- apiece, the third 5s.

Dec. 21, 1725. The following Particulars contained in two Parchment
Rolls brought to me last night, being lent me by Thomas Ward of Long-
bridge, near Warwick, Esq., but the Arms I have omitted.

[An analysis of the pedigree which was made Feb. 10, 1578. Thomas
Brome, lord of the manor of Brome in Lapworth, in the reign of Ed. I, in
5 Ed. II gave the manor to his cousin Robert Brome, who dwelt at
40 Bromesplace, in the Crosse street without the bridge of the town of War-
wick. Robert Brome, by Pernell his wife, had a son William, who had
a son Robert who lived at Bromesplace. His son John Brome had two
sons ; from the younger, William Broome of Woodstock, was descended
Sir Christopher Brome of Halton ; the elder son, John Brome, was under-
Treasurer of England in the reign of Hen. VI, and had a son Nicholas.
This Nicholas had a son Raufe. The son of Raufe was Reygnolde, who
in Feb. 1578 was alive and married, but had no issue. Hearne's transcript
gives some further details of the family.]

An account of some things in a MS. in Magd. Coll. Library (numb. 38)



May 24-26.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES 4-52 283

in folio, partly paper and partly vellum, written in the time of Hen. V, put
into my hands on May 2, 1730, and perused by me for a day or two.

[Extracts from the MS., which is still no. 38 in Magd. Coll. Library.]
Returned the said MS. to M^". Loveday, Monday night, May 4, 1730.

May 24, 1730 (Trinity Sunday). On Whit-Munday, May 18,
Dr. Tanner calling upon me, told me that the last Paragraph of the
Vindication of the Oxford Historiographer and his Writings was penned
by Dr. White Kennett, & D^. Tanner had told me the same formerly, and
indeed had also said (as he did now) that D"^. Kennett also wrote the
whole, all but what Anthony Wood did himself, tho' at another time the 10
Dr. had said that D'^. Thomas Wood was Author, And even now when
I said that I doubted whether D^. Kennett were Author, D'". Tanner said,
' I mean only of the last Paragraph '.

May 25 (Mon.). On Tuesday morning about 3 Clock, INIay 19, died
of a Consumption, Mrs. Catharine White, wife of D^. Charles Potter, son
of the late M^", Potter of Baldwin, and youngest daughter of the late Alder-
man White of Oxford, a pretty, young, good-natured Woman. The said
Ml", Charles Potter was of X* Church, as a Member of w^h he took the
Degree of M.A,, April 20, 1727, [Buried in S*. Marie's church, Friday,
May 22.] 2o-

From the Northampton Mercury for Monday, May 18, 1730:

On the 8^^ of May, 1720 [sic], a Sturgeon, six Foot and a half long and two
Foot and a half about, was caught in Bolstock Pool, by M^ Peter Darnill of
Raymill, near Maidenhead Bridge, in the County of Berks.

On Wednesday last, May 13, about 5 o'Clock in the morning died Sir
Justinian Isham, of Lamport in this county, Bart., who has represented the
said County in Parliament for many years. He married Elizabeth, daughter
of Sir Edmund Turnor of Stoke-Rochford in Lincolnshire, by whom he had
eight sons and six daughters. He is succeeded in Dignity and Estate by his
eldest son, now Sir Justinian Isham, Bart., who marryed Mary, sole Daughter 30
to Lisle Hacket, of Moxhull in Warwickshire, Esq., by Dorothy his vifife,
daughter of Sir John Bridgeman, of Castle Bromwich in that County, Bart,
Sir Justinian was a Gentleman blessed with Variety of uncommon Endow-
ments, if consummate Honour and Integrity, an extensive Charity, innate
Love of Virtue, and an Aversion to whatever is vicious or irregular be allowed
to pass for ought ; and whose Death will be always justly regretted by
good men.

May 26 (Tu.), Richard I was born at Oxon. anno 1157, He insti-
tuted the first mayor of Oxon. (as he did of London) and two Aldermen,
Henry III adding two more. He received the citizens of Oxford into the 40
same Rights and Privileges with the Citizens of London, and gave the
Mayor of Oxford a privilege of being his Butler on the day of his
Coronation, and all this Favour was granted by him because of his being
born at Oxford. These Privileges have been confirmed by many follow-
ing Kings, and the Citizens of Oxford enjoy them to this day,^ See Bryan
Twyne's Apol., p. 234.

May 26, 1730. T. Baker to H, (Rawl, 22. 36) [jee Diary, June 4 and 6],



^ This paragraph has many errors. The first Mayor of Oxford was in the reign of



234 HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS [1730:

May 27 (Wed.). In Leland's Itinerary, vol. vii, p. 75, is a pretty deal
of the Cakndaries at Bristoll, which it seems was a Gild or Fraternity. It
is called Domus Cale^idarum in the Valuation at the end of the i^t Volume
of the Monasticon, and in the same place of Leland is mention of a little
Book of the Antiquities of the Calendaries, wcli are there carried very high,
as far back I think as K. Stephen's lime ; and yet Leland could not tell
their first original.

Dr. Tanner, in a Letter to me from X* Ch. of the 19*^ of May, 1730,
tells me that upon the Patent Roll, 34 Ed. Ill, pt. 2, m. 2, is mention of

10 the Prior and Brethren of the College Caleiidarinn at Bristoll. And as the
Valuation in Dugdale shews the House to be in being 26 Hen. VIII, so
from Mr. Willis's book of Abbies, vol. ii, p. 88, it appears that there were
pensions paid in Q. Marie's time to one or more Priests, who upon the
Dissolution had been deprived of their maintenance in this Priory.
Dr. Tanner noted also that he had put down under this House that
among the late Peter le Neve's deeds he once saw an original lease
of some House or Houses in Mersh Street, Bristoll, made by John
Harlow, prior, and his Brethren under their common Seal, dated in 6 Ed. IV.
He likewise observed that there was a Religious House of the like Name

20 at Winchester. For on the Escaet Rolls for Hampshire 2 1 Ed. Ill,
n. 44, is mention of the Prior and Brethren of the Fraternity of S*^. Peter
in the Church of S*. Maurice and College of S*. Mary Kalender in Win-
chester, and on the Patent Roll 26 Ed. Ill, pt. 3, m. 9, is mention of the
Prior of S. Maurice and S*. Mary Kalender, Winton. All the messuages,
lands, rents, &c., belonging to the College of S*. Mary Kalender in Win-
chester were granted to the Maior and Commonalty of the same City by
Q. Mary, Pat. i & 2 Phil, et IMariae.

The Abbat's name that compiled the Osney Register now at X*
Church, Dr, Tanner assured me (as he had done also the day before the

30 date of his Letter at my room), was certainly Sutton, and not Quitton, as
in Brian Twyne.

May 28 (Thur.). M^. James Gibson, of Wootton-Underwood, told
me by Letter from thence of Dec. 29 last, that he had been informed & did
take it for certain intelligence, that the New London Grammar would by
no means take in Eaton School, and had good assurance that they are upon
making further alterations for a new one. He added, that the said New
Grammar tho' it be a learned & laborious work, yet it surpasses all that
have been before it for unskillfull management.

May 29 (Eri.). Brian Twyne committs a great Mistake in his Apol,
40 p. 341, where he makes Nicholaus Graecus, who assisted Rob. Grosthead
in translating the Testaments of the XII Patriarchs, to have been Abbat of
St. Alban's.

In the same place Twyne observes that, as Roger Bacon had extra-
ordinary skill in Greek and Hebrew, so many Greek and Hebrew volumes
(noted with his own hand) are still remaining to testifie the same.



John, not Richard I ; the two Aldermen are much older, probably dating from Saxon
times. Richard I granted nothing to the Town of Oxford; the privilege of serving
in the King's Butlery on the Coronation day, and of possessing the same rights as
London, belonged to Oxford in the reign of Henry II, and probably earlier. — Ed.



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