Oxford Historical Society. cn.

Publications (Volume 67) online

. (page 38 of 65)
Online LibraryOxford Historical Society. cnPublications (Volume 67) → online text (page 38 of 65)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

May 27-31.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES 52-59 285

Mr. Willis, in the 2nd Volume of his Book of Abbeys, tells us Hugh,
Abbat of Osney, died anno 1205, and was succeeded by Clement ; but an
anonymous MS. Chronicle (lent me by M^". West) says the said Hugh died
anno 1202 & was succeeded by the said Clement, who according to this
Chronicle was Prior of that Abbey before.

May 30 (Sat.). The Senior Regent Master at the University of
Cambridge is stiled magister Glomeriae, and the other Regent Masters
(because of their being under his command) are usually called Glomerelli,
as is observed by Bryan Twyne in his Apol., p. 257. Ask M^. Baker
about this. Hugh, Bp of Ely, was the first that instituted magister 10
Glomeriae, and gave him a Power of hearing all causes of the Glo??ierelh,
in prejudice to the Chancellour, to whose cognizance they before belonged.

Tho' Mr. James Gibson had told me on the 29 of Dec. last that
the New London Grammar would not take in Eaton School, yet before
that, viz. on the 16 of the same month, he said in a Letter to me that at
Eaton they teach this new Grammar, & asking a Gent, how it took, his
answer was, pretty well, from whence he concluded the London and Eaton
Masters had been & would bee all at work to mend it.

May 31 (Sun.). Matthew Paris and other Authors tells us that the
reason of the Oxford Scholars being so much against the Pope's Legat 20
Otho was the Legat's pride, and yet Mat. Parker, in his Hfe of Edmund,
seems to note from Fabian that it was occasioned by the Legate's making
a Decree or constitution against Clergymen's having wives or concubines,
on wcb occasion he badly calls the Legate Othobon instead of Otho. But
this is a false reason, as Twyne observes (p. 274) from a MS. of the Con-
stitutions in Balliol College Library, where there is no Constitution that
belonged more to Oxford than the Cambridge Clergy. Of this I would
willingly see what that MS. says, w°li I may have an opportunity of doing,
if I see Mr. Sandford of that College, who not long ago offered to shew
me any IMS. they have, tho' the order of the books be changed from what 30
'twas formerly.

Thomas Gascoign remarks in his Theological Dictionary (as I find by
a Specimen thereof communicated to me by D^". Tanner) that in old time,
when Law and Law Suits were not minded in Oxford, good Letters
flourished far more than when contests in Law arose and were followed,
and 'twas (it seems) at that time that there happened to be 30,000
students at Oxford. He speaks of this under the word Lex.

On Monday, May 25, Mr. Loveday of Magd. Coll. set out with his
Tutor, My. Zincton,^ of that College, in order to view and survey some of
the most considerable places of South Wales, and to enquire (at my 40
Request) particularly about the Religious Houses there.

Anno 1327, the Mayor & Citizens of Oxford (Edmund de la Beche
being head), joyning themselves with the Townsmen of Abbington, went at
midnight in a great body with Torches and Candles & burnt the Manour
of Northcole belonging to the Abbey of Abbington ; after wcb they set
upon the Abbey itself & ransacked it in a terrible manner, partly killing &

^ His name was Zinzan. — Ed.



partly putting to flight the Monks. For w^h the Ringleaders were after-
wards hanged at Wallingford, as appears from the history of the Abbey of
Abbingdon, quoted by Mr. Twine in p. 299 of his Apology, wcii History
is (without doubt) very worthy to be read all over by such as have an

June 1 (Men.). It seems the University of Oxford was so damaged
by the before-mentioned Riot and Disturbance at Abington that had not
the Scholars of INIerton College continued, very few would have remained
to have carried on the University Affairs, as INI'". Twine observes, p. 299,
from Mr. Stow &from certain verses of an uncertain Author de revocandis
scholaribtis w^li the said M^. Twine found prefixed to Master Dumbleton's
Quaesdons in Merton Coll.

June 2 (Tu.). IMi". Baker of Cambridge hath nothing more from the
Bp of Peterborough (besides Bp Humphrey's Papers that he sent me)
except Collectanea Atifonn a Wood e registris Coll. Merton, part of which he
sent to M'. Anstis, hoping it might be of use to him. Had there been
any thing concerning M"*. Wood's life, 'W. Baker would have sent it me,
or had the Br been yet living, he doubts not he could have borrowed his
Book, for he lent him Gunton's history of Peterborough, &c., noted and
20 enlarged with his own hand so much that he seemed to intend another

In turning D^. Brady's Papers, M^". Baker hath met with nothing con-
cerning Hemyngford, nor indeed of History so much as Records, wcii he
had good opportunity of perusing,

June 3 (Wed.). The following Epitaph is just put up on a noble
monument in Faringdon Church to IMr". Ann Pye, who died of the small
pox, a fine beautifuU Lady & of great Virtues. I had it from the stone-
cutters at Oxford.

[Inscription on Anne, wife of Henry Pye, who died Oct. 6, 1739.]

30 June 4 (Thur.). On Wednesday, May 27, about 7 Clock at night,
one Webb, a young mason, was knocked on the head by the fall of
a Stone from a Chimney in Catstreet, Oxon., that had been very loose
a good while, & he had just fixt his Ladder to fasten it, but it fell suddenly
upon him, as another piece of it did upon the labourer with him, and he
died the next day, leaving two Children, & his wife is big of another, but
the labourer is like to recover,

Mr. Baker hath now outlived all his Friends at Benet College & hardly
knows the face of any one there ; so that he is become a stranger to their
Library, w^l^ he says is the less grievous, since his eyes will not reach dim

40 or antient MSS. This he observed to me upon account of my mention-
ing to him Hemyngford in Bennet College Library.

He says of M"". Nich. Ferrar he sent me all that he knew (w^^ was not
much) when I published an Account of the Protestant Nunnery. Since
that, I have obtained many Things relating to that Nunnery from
Mr. Worthington.

^ Tiiis Chronicle is printed in the English Historical Revie^t) for 1911, p. 727. — Ed,

May 31- June 7.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES 59-69 287

June 5 (Pri.). On Thursday, May 28, came to Oxford with his
Lady and Daughter, the Earl of Oxford, and D"". Conyers Middleton
of Cambridge was with him.

The said Earl was married in 17 14, just after w^b he was with his Lady
in Oxford.

LA Oxford told me yesterday that he hath no MS. of Thomas Otter-
bourne's Chronicle.

Ld Oxford lent yesterday to Mr. Hutchenson of Hart Hall a MS.
of Columella \\^^ M^". Hutchenson afterwards shewed me. 'Tis on
Vellum. I take it to have been written about the year 1400. 10

L*i Oxford hath a Transcript of the Historical Passages in Tho: Gas-
coigne's Historical Dictionary. He said 'twas taken from M"". George
Harbin's, who assured him 'twas all. I must remember to write about
this to Mr. Harbin.

Last night called upon me D"". Middleton Massey, formerly of Prasnose
College, & an assistant at the Ashm. Museum.

He is an honest Gent. & curious. He is married, &■ his wife is with
him, and they lodge at the Principal's Lodgings in Brasnose College.

He was entered of the University in 1697. He was born in Cheshire.

He draws well, and is making an exact Draught of our English coins 20
since the Conquest.

He took no Degree at Oxford, being a Non Juror, but had a D^'s.
Degree in Physick from Scotland by Diploma.

He practised Physick formerly in the Isle of Ely, and now at Stepney,
where he lives.

He said that soon after he was entered of Oxford he purchased a MS,
of Chaucer, a Folio MS. (a fine one) of Gower's Confessio Amantis, and
a MS. of Boetius, some of w^ii was in Saxon, for 5^., w^^ he afterwards
parted with to Humphrey Wanley for i^s.

Dr. Conyers Middleton told me that M^. Baker, of Cambridge, is in the 30
73'^d year of his age.

June 6 (Sat.). Amongst D'. Brady's MSS., Mr. Baker meets with
a large printed sheet, or two sheets pasted together, containing Exemplar
Liter arum qtias Comiies et Barofies Angliae miserunt Papae super negotio
Scotorum anno regni regis Edwardi primi 29. Oxford, printed by Leon.
Lichfield, i6']g, from a MS. in Corpus Ch. Coll. Oxon., with the Seals
and Arms of the subscribers. This I doubt not, says M^. Baker, ^oz^ have
seen, both original and printed Copy. ^B. I have seen the printed one in
the hands of M^. Loveday, of Magd. Coll., who also had one part of
another printed Copy, w<^li he gave to me, but I never saw the MS. at 40
Corpus. The Society of Antiquaries have lately printed in Copper
another Ed. from a MS. in another place, but without the English, &
without any notice of the Oxford Edition, w^h I suppose they knew
nothing of.

In pag. I of the '^^2^^ of these Volumes I have noted that Mr. Daniel
Langhorne was reported to be the Author of the Continuation of Baker's
Chronicle. Remember to ask M^. Baker, of Cambridge, about this.

June 7 (Sun.). M^. Baker, in his Letter of Mar. 10 last from
Cambridge, tells me that Bp Humphrey's Additions to and Corrections of


Athenae, Oxon., w^^ he had sent me, were sent to him by Bp Kennett
with design of publishing them, & so can reasonably presume his consent
to make them public, and has no surer way than by me.

]\Ir. Baker hath not met with any of the name of Drum taking a Degree
in the University of Cambridge near the time I mentioned to him, & their
Matriculation Book beginning at the year 1544, nothing can be met
with there.

John Fryth, A.B., and John Akars, A.B., appear as sent to the
Cardinal's College, so likewise was one John Fryer, Henry Sumpner,

10 & Richard Cox, of King's College, & D^. Caius adds Mich. Drum, &c.
M'^. Baker knows nothing of Roger B., nor of any antient Orders con-
cerning their Cambridge Library, but he observes that Bp Cobham's at
Oxford (what I had told him) neque cum cultello was a provident & wise
order, for a reason he will venture to tell me, tho' it concerns a Friend-
Mr. Baker had the same opinion of M'". Edw. Lluyd that I have (as
a plain, open, hearty man, sine fiico) till he came to Cambridge, where,
being trusted in the public Library, he met with a Juvencus MS. of the
age of 1,000 years in his opinion, & there being some andent British
Notes (Cumbrian, M^". Baker thinks) in the Margin, he cut 'em out with

20 a Penknife, w^li after his death being found among his Papers, were
returned (thro' M^". Baker) by IM^. Wanley.

He was likewise trusted in their Coll. Library of S*. John's. M^..
Baker will charge him with nothing, but they had a little portable MS. in
one of the Northern Languages (sometime belonging to the Lady Arabella)..
Ml". Baker never could meet with it, since he was there, & it is now lost.
But this (says M^. Baker) to yourself , my Good Friend.

June 8 (Men.). This Spring, 1730, they pulled down the old

Kitchin and Hall of All Souls Coll., and now they are building new ones,

w<^^, tho' they may be perhaps more fine in appearance, yet all that I have

30 heard speak therof, say they will be nothing near so strong as the old

ones, wcli were built as if the Founder designed they should last for ever.

The Church of S'. Mary in Oxford was the principal or chief church
of the Clems or Scholars (for that was the meaning of Clerus in those
times) in the reign of Edw. H, as Brian Twyne observes, p. 301 of his
Apology, but how long before that time it was so, I cannot at present tell
precisely, tho' no doubt but it was some years.

S*. Frideswyde's Fair was in old Time a most famous thing, & merchants
and Tradesmen used to come thither from, all Parts. It was first granted
by Hen. I to be kept within the Bounds of the Priory of St. Frideswide
40 every year, upon the Feast of S*. Benedict, Jan. 12, for 12 days together,
which afterwards Hen. Ill translated to S*. Frideswide's day, 19 Oct.
It was kept in S*. Frideswide's medow. During the Fair the Prior of
S*. Frideswide had vast Privileges, and as soon as it began, the keys of all
the Gates of the City used to be surrendered or delivered up to him by
the IVIajor & Bailyff's, in token of his having the Custody of the whole
Village of Oxford at that time, during wcb the Religious of that Place had
the custody of assize of Bread and Ale & of weights & measures. But it
seems great complaints were made in the time of Ed. Ill of the Remiss-
ness or Negligence of the Canons of St. Frideswide in this affair, wch

June 7-10.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES 69-76 2P9

indeed was so great that afterwards, in the Reign of Ric. II, the Chan-
cellour of the University put out an Edict, forbidding the Merchants to
come there any more, & commanding the Fair to be discontinued; &
thereupon the Scholars would have thrown down their Booths, broke the
Cords, & done other Mischieff, had not the King's officer at Arms come
to Oxford & protected the Canons from the Rage of the Scholars. See
Brian Twyne, p. 305.

June 9 (Tu.\ In an old Rent-roll of Warwick, &c., lent me lately
by Thomas Wiird, of Warwick, Esq., dated the 3'"<i of Hen. VIII, is
mention made of Master John Rous, capellanus (son of Geffrey Rous, of 10
Warwick) then living. I have transcribed in another Book some few
Particulars from the said Rent-roll.^

The said M^. Ward, as I hear, was lately made one of the Aldermen
of Warwick.

Theobaldus Stampensis seems to have been Head of some College or
Hall at Oxford. He was a Secular himself, and as he was a great Friend
of the Seculars, so he wrote against the Monks, & his book {libelhts)
against them is cited by Br. Twyne as being in the Oxford Library,
beginning thus: Thurstano, Dei gratia laudabili Eboracensium Archi-
episcopo, Theobaldus S/ampeftsis fnagisfer Oxenfordiae, sic Christi siimmi so
PoiUificis vicem gerere, tit inter ej'usdem Vicarios sedem mereatiir obtinere ^ c.

June 10 (Wed.). On Thursday, June 4, 1730, the Earl of Oxford
(Edward Harley) was at my Room at Edmund Hall from ten Clock in
ihe morning 'till a little after 12 Clock, together with Dr. Conyers
Myddleton, of Trin. Coll. in Cambridge, and my Lord's nephew, the
Hon. Mr. Hay of X* Church, & Mr. Murray of Xt Church. A con-
vocation had been called in the morning about 8 Clock by M^. Whistler,
one of the yeoman Beadles, to be held at 2 Clock in the afternoon.
About xi Clock Mr. Whistler came to my Lord at my Room with the
., Vicechancellour's service to my Lord, telling him that the Vicechancellour 30
would wait upon his Lordship at his Lodgings at Sir John Boyce's at
2 Clock. My Lord modestly replyed, he would wait upon the Vice-
chancellour at his (the Vicechancellour's own) Lodgings, but recollectirg
a little, he told Whistler (who had his Beadle's staff all the time in his
hand) he would be at home to exspect the Vicechancellour, & he sent
the Vicechancellour his service at the same time. Then M^. Whistler
addressed himself to D"". Middleton, telling him the Vicechancellour
presented him with his service, and offered that, if he pleased, he would
have him have the Degree of D''. of Div. conferred upon him by way of

June 10, 1730. James West to H. (Raw). 11. 162). Sent three weeks
ago, by letter, a copy of the Creed of Peter le Neve and also a guinea, being
the subscription of Thomas Granger gent, for Caius, ' neither of which
I suppose came to your hands. . . I will remitt the money to you a safer
way ' [jee Diary, June 20]. ' I had acquainted my friends, especially yourself,
of the giver of RastelJ, had his Lordship not enjoined me silence, but his
Lordship by declaring his benefaction hath done me honour.'

^ See above, pp. 27C-1.


being presented ad eundem, that is, that he should have the same honour
here with respect to the Degree of D"". of Div. as he had at Cambridge.
The D^". returned his service to the Vicechancellour, & said he accepted
of the offer as a great Honour. Whisder went off, but returned soon
back, & desired the Dr. would write down his name, w^h accordingly he
did. My Lord after this staid with me 'till after 12, and then went off
with D"". Middleton, M'^. Hay, & M^". Murray, two menservants waiting all
the time below. My Lord, all the time he was with me, diverted himself
with looking upon books & in usefull beneficial Discourse. At two Clock

10 the Convocation was held, and a great Concourse there was. My Lady
Oxford & my Lady Margaret, the Earl's daughter and only child, being
there, my Lord (who had many years before had the honorary Degree of
M.A. conferred on him) was created Dr. of Civil Law, & D^. Middleton
was presented to the Degree of D^. of Div., that is, admitted to what he
had before had in Cambridge. My Lord was presented by D^ Thompson
(LL.D.) of S*. John's Coll., who spoke (as I hear) chiefly about his skill
in Politicks, instead of his being a great Friend to Learning & of
his making a most noble collection of Books, written and printed.
Dr. Middleton was presented ad eundem by the Margaret Professor,

20 Dr. Jenner. My Lord &c. went out of Town on Saturday morning,
June 6tb, in order for Wimpole, but to see several Places of note as they
went along.

June 11 (Thur.). My Lord Oxford told me at my Room at Edmund
Hall, on Thursday, June 4*^, 1730, that he hath now got the MS. of
Sherington's Chantery that I printed at the end of the Antiquities of

He then told me that 'twas himself that gave Rastell's Chronicle to
Mr. West, he having two of them.

I told him several Persons had urged me to print Geflfry of Monmouth.

3° Dr. Middleton, upon this, said that this was one of the Books one of his

Correspondents beyond Sea had also wished I would print. My Lord

promised to let me know what MSS. he had of this Writer, particularly if

he had any old one.

My Lord said he intended to have a short Catalogue or List taken of
all his Historical MSS., particularly those relating to English History.

I happened to mention M^". Drake, the Chirurgeon's design upon the
Antiquities of York. INIy Lord never heard of it before. I then shewed
him M^. Drake's printed Scheme,^ in which, among other things, is
expressly mentioned that persons are now actually employed in searching
■4° & transcribing from the Harleyan Library (as well as the Bodleian, &c.)
in order to the carrying on this work. My Lord said he knew no such
Thing & wondered at the Impudence of the Man.

June 12 (Fri.). My Lord at the same time told me that he had
abundance of Original Letters of our Kings, &c., that he had several of
Mary Q. of Scots, & many of K. Charles L

He said, what I had heard before, that D^. White Kennett had made

MS. Schehnc.

June 10-14.] VOLUME CXXVl, PAGES 76-82 291

vast additions to the i^* Ed. oi Athenae, Oxon., as if he intended to have
put out an Aihenae himself.

I asked him whether he had any of the MSS. papers of Dr. Humphreys,
Bp of Hereford. He said not, and could not tell what was become
of them.

Dr. Middleton said M^. Baker corresponded not only with Kennett but
with Bishop Burnett, and that he made Remarks by way of Correction,
&c., upon the Bp's History of the Reformation, and that they are printed.

He observed that M^ Baker had such an Interest in Kennett that he
could have the use of any of his MSS. Collections at the least Motion. 10

My Lord told me old Mr. Strype, tho' considerably above fourscore, is
now about printing another Folio or two, w^li sure must be very heavy,
considering how insipid a Writer he was, even in his younger Years.

Dr. Massey did tell me t'other day that S"^ Hans Sloan's collection of
Books and Curiosities is really worth at least fifty thousand libs.

June 13 (Sat.). On June 6, 1730, Dr. Tanner told me that Mr. Bisse,
of Wadham College, when young, was much given to Antiquities, and
that he was one of those that used to meet Anthony a Wood, and that
that was the reason why Anthony made him one of his Trustees.

'Tis probable that D^. White Kennett had Bp Humphreys's papers 20
from this Bisse, who is now. a D^. of Physick and lives in Hertfordshire,
but I do not hear that he is good for much, being an hippish ^ man.

Dr. Tanner said that he had seen the said papers of the Bp, but he
could never tell what really became of them, unless Bisse took them.

My Lord Oxford did tell me t'other day at my Room that he always
looked upon White Kennett to be the Author of the Vindication of the
Oxford Historiographer, abating what Anthony did of it himself.

June 14 (Sun.). Lord Oxford, when he was here, said he and some
others (and D'. Middleton agreed) were for having me publish a distinct
account by itself of my works, containing all the particulars in each 30

He said (and Dr. Middleton seconded him) he would have me reprint
Leland's Itinerary and Collectanea, but in folio, and some others
(particularly old M''. Gwyn, of Ford Abbey) have been likewise urgent
with me on that score. But this I decline, as not a point of honour to
former subscribers & to such as have given great Prizes \sic\ afterwards
for the first edition. Yet they told me they believed no body whatsoever
would be against it.

Arthur VanSittart, of Shottesbrooke, Esq., is a man of Honour and of
good Sense. He is making a Collection of all the pieces published by 40
me, and in his Letter from Ormond Street, March 12, 1729, he informs
me that, as they come to my hands, if I will furnish him with what he
wants, they will be highly acceptable, on what Paper or on what outside
so'ere \sic\ they come.

At the same time he confessed that, tho' he was not well enough

c. June 14, 1730. T. Baker to H. (Rawl. 22. 29) \see Diary, June 23
and 24].

^ Low-spirited. N'. E. D.

U 2


acquainted with the Classicks, so as to justify his having *em on his own
account, yet as he hopes they will be usefuU to those that come after him,
he shall be obliged to me for such as I have published.

Remember to ask M"". Baker what 'tis that he hath in Burnett's History
of the Reformation, a book w°^ I have not, it being a book I never much

June 15 (Men.). Thomas Gascoigne, in his book de veritatihus
collectis in modimi tabulae, sive in dictionario Theologico, hath a remarkable
story under the word Regniim about Reginald Peacock's rejecting the
10 originals of the Fathers, because they did not prove their sayings by
natural reason, wch he afterwards recanted publickly before the ArchbP
and nobles of England, wcli Abjuration of his Opinion he confirmed by
this Rhythm :

Wii hath wonder that reason cannot scan
How a moder is meide and God is man.

To well he gave this equally pious Answer :

Leue reson, beleife the wonder,

Beleife hath mastrie arid reson is under.

This is taken notice of by Bryan Twyne in p. 308 of his Apology,
20 where he likewise, from Gascoigne, observes that one Peter Payne wrote
a fictitious letter of our University, he having previously stole the
University seal, to the University of Prague about Wickliff. This Matter
ought to be considered, especially since Twyne, from Fox, says that the
University of Oxford had a great honour for Wickliff, and it seems this
Letter was against Wickliff, as if the University of Oxford did not look
upon Wickliff as an Heretick and were not for burning his bones.

June 16 (Tu.). On Tuesday, June 9, I returned, carriage paid, to
Tames West, Esq., at No. 7 in Figtree Court in the Inner Temple,
London, his Folio Vellum MS. containing Matters of English History in
3c the Latin Tongue. The MS. formerly belonged to the Abbey of
Malmesbury, after w^h at length it came to Jervace Holies, as I have
insinuated in my Preface to John Trokelowe's Annals, where I have
printed from this MS. Vita Edwardi II, wcl^ I have ascribed to Motiachus
quidam Malmesburiensis , whose name I know not. The first part of the
MS. contains (as I take it) collections from other Historians, without
a just order, yet the beginning goes regularly enough on. I returned
also the Transcript of this first part. I returned the said MS. by Thomas
Godfrey's waggon that puts up at the Oxford Arms in Warwick Lane.

June 17 (Wed.). On pag. 392 of John Trokelowe's Annals (in the
40 account of the Benefactors to Winteney Nunnery, from the Cotton
Library) J Idus Nov. Ob. Thomas Marescallus, episcopus Bathoniae. 'Tis
expressly so in the Transcript taken by M^. Casley from the Cotton
Library, sent me by M^, West, who compared it. This Bp does not

Online LibraryOxford Historical Society. cnPublications (Volume 67) → online text (page 38 of 65)