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occur, that I remember, in the Catalogues of the Bishops of Bath.

On the 9th inst., being Tuesday, at night I looked over many of the
writings belonging to the Company of Cordwainers of Oxford, the
Master and many of the Company bringing them with them for that
intent to one Shepherd's, a victualling House in King's Street, in

June 14-19.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES ^Z-^d 293

St. Peter's parish in the East. The Company's book in 4*° was written
by one Thomas Barnet in the 20*^ year ot Hen. VI, as I remember; but
of that I have formerly made mention in one of these volumes. They
have many Inspeximuses of our Kings, confirming their Charter. The
oldest Inspeximus I saw was Rio. II's, in wcb is mention of some before,
& in it of Hen. II's Charter, & from it I gather that the Gild or Fraternity
first began in the Reign of Hen. I, & that their Customs in the reign of
Hen. I were reduced into a Charter by Hen. II, so that we must not look
for their Charter beyond Hen. II's reign, notwithstanding they had
particular customs before. This original Charter they say they certainly 10
have, tho' they have not been able to find it as yet. They design to
search farther & to let me know, they having desired me to peruse them
for them, upon account of Forreigners exercising the Trade upon them
without being of the Gild, and yet their Charter gives them such
a privilege as that no one shall exercise it either in Oxford or the
Suburbs, but such as are really of the Gild. They are called Corvasarii
and Corduanarii. The Corvasarii are the coblers.^ At the beginning of
the little 4° book is a short form of bidding Prayer, in w^^ they are com-
manded to pray for the Fraternity & for the Souls of the Kings that have
been their Friends, & particularly for the soul of him that first purchased 20
their Charter.

June 18 (Thur.). The Quitrent, the Company of Shoemakers used
formerly to pay at Oxford, was an Ounce of Gold, to wct was afterwards
added 5^-. and then 2J., in all an Ounce of Gold and 7^'. But 'tis
less now.

Corvesarii, sutores veterinarii, qui corio veteri utuntur : Gallice, Suetirs
de vieil, Savetiers. Diploma Henrici I in Regesto Chartarum Norman-
niae : ' Sciatis nos concessisse Willelmo Canuto & Osberto filio Huardi
& sociis Cordewanariis & corvesariis Rotomagensibus ut habeant gildam
suam bene & honorifice & plenarie de ministerio suo, sicut earn habuerunt.' 3°
In Regesto Feodorum Carnoti, pag. 16, ' Les Corvoisiers qui vendent
soulers ou marchie doivent chascun obole.'

June 19 (Fri.). On Thursday, June 11, 1730, in the evening, a little
before six of the Clock, the Master and three or four others of the Com-
pany of Cordwainers of Oxford (one of wch was MJ". Browne) called upon
me at Edmund Hall and shewed me some more of their old writings,
among w^t I found the oldest Charter they have, viz. that of Hen. Ill,
dated Dec. 18, in the 45*^ year of his Reign.

The said Charter mentions a Charter of Hen. II and repeats it, but
'twas to the Corvesars or Corvesers, who, it seems, began their Gild in the 40
time of Hen. I, and their Customs were granted by Charter, and so their
Gild was established by Hen. II, their Quit Rent being an Ounce of Gold.

* Hearne wrote first : ' The Corvasarii are the Curriers, who were formerly of the
Company, however discontinued now.' This is probably more correct, the Corvesers
being makers of leather, i.e. tanners. But the meaning of the word is not certain.
A complete account of the records of the Oxford Cordwainers is to be found in the
Archaeological yournal, vol. vi. Since that date (1849) the Guild of Cordwainers has
ceased to exist, and all the books and charters are in the possession of Mrs. Morrell, of
Black Hall, except that Book A (1483-1535) is missing — Ed.


In Hen. Ill's reign, viz. 1260, as above, the Cordwainers were ingrafted
or received into the Body of the Corvesars by virtue of the said Charter
of Hen. Ill, for wch Incorporation 5j. was added to the Quit Rent. So
that the Corvesars were of greater Antiquity in Oxford than the Cord-
wainers & at first were put before them in writings, tho' afterwards the
Cordwainers were put first, and sometimes the Corvesars were omitted,
and at length they were quite left out & their name quite unknown,
insomuch that the shoemakers of the present age & even before do not
so much as know any thing of the Term, & it seemed very strange to the
10 Cordwainers of Oxford when I first read & explained the word to them.

As I take it, before Hen. Ill's time, there were no Cordwainers in
Oxford,' but new shoes were brought from other places, & the Corvesars
furbished them & repaired or mended them, as there was occasion ; but
after the Cordwainers became incorporated they soon grew above the
Corvesars and threw them out, so as to neglect even the Charter that had
been granted to them by Hen. II, w^h does not now appear, nor are the
Cordwainers sollicitous that it should, not caring to hear that the Corvesars
are ancienter.

In Ed. H's time a Charter was granted by that King with a privilege

20 that none but of the Gild should exercise the office of a Cordwainer in

the suburbs of Oxford (the privilege before being only confined to the

village itself) for wch an addition of 2s. was added to the Quit rent, so as

to make the whole an Ounce of Gold and seven shillings.

In Hen. VI's time good shoes were at 2d. a pair, as appears from their
Book, where are many other Customs of good Remark, as there are like-
wise in all the other writings of the Company, but I wrote down nothing
and only hastily perused them ; so what is here put down is all from

June 20 (Sat.). Meeting old Mr. Bourne (who lives at Rewly)

30 on June 12*^ upon Botley Cawsey, and talking with him about the

Corvesars (wdi he had never heard of before) and Cordwainers of Oxford,

he told me he had heard that the Shoemakers had a Charter of K. John's.

I told him I though it a mistake for Hen. III.

On the lotli June, 1 730, M^. West tells me he had received from me safe
his MS. from wch I printed Vila Edwardi II.

He said about three weeks before he lost the best of Fathers after
a lingering Decay.

He saith his Copy of the Customs of London hath not any Note
or Memorandum when or by whom the same was printed.
40 'Petrus de Candia in summum Pontificem electus anno 1409, Jan. 26,
et dictus Alexander papa quintus, bacchalaureus 8. Theologiae Oxoniae
& Doctor Theologiae Parisiis, uti ipse papa in concilio Pisano dixit domino
Thomae Spofforth, abbati Ecclesiae beatissimae Mariae Eboraci, inquit
Tho. Gascoigne in verbo Papa.' — Br. Twyne, p. 311.

June 21 (Sun.). Thomas Gascoigne, in verbo Rex, tells us that
Hen. V designed to have reformed the University of Oxford & the Siatutes

* We hear of many Cordwainers in Oxford before the time of Hen. III. — Ed.


June 19-23.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES 89-96 295

that had been made by young men, so as that no Statute afterwards should
be dispensed with by the Regents, and to have founded a College of
Divines, to w^t he would have annexed all the alien Priories in England,
but being prevented by Death, his son Hen. VI gave them to Eaton
College & to S*. Nicholas, i. e. King's College in Cambridge.

M"". Ward, in a Letter I received from him on Dec. 22, 1729, tells me
he hath a very fair Copy on Vellam of the Peterburg Psalter, finely
illuminated in 4° with the Ecclesiastical Kalendar ; at the side of which are
set downe those Anniversaries which were peculiar to this Church and
their Neighbour, something different from that Customary mentioned by lo
Stevens in his Additions to the Monasticon, vol. i, p. 483, made (as
he there says) by Rich. Ashton. But on a blank Leafe at the beginning
of Mr. Ward's, in an old hand is writ, Psalterium Roberti de Lindeseye
abbatis. M^. Ward will send it, when I am more at leisure to look over
it, if I desire it.

June 22 (Mon.). Henry V designed that his College should have
been at Oxford, in the castle, & was to have been built just in the same
manner as King's College was after built (at least begun to be built,
for only the Chappel was finished) at Cambridge. 'Tis pity this design
had not taken effect, and I think 'tis pity that some such College hath not 20
been since built in the Castle of Oxford, which would be a most glorious
Ornament to the University and City of Oxford.

To ask W. Baker whether they have an old printed Book, being
an anonymous Author de vita Alexandri Magni. And if so whether
it appears at what place and when 'twas printed.

Also whether they have an old printed Guido de Columpna, Historia
destnictionis Trojae, & whether it appears also where & when this was
printed. They were both printed before 1500.

I have both, but neither the year nor place of printing appears. I am
apt to think both were printed at Oxford much about the time that 30
Ruffiniis de Fide was printed there, which was in the year 1468.

Thomas Gascoigne was a great Admirer of Robert Grosthead, Bp of
Lincoln, and at the end of his Book de cura Pastorali he wrote a note
published by Brian Twyne, p. 347, where Gascoigne observes that the
Clerus Oxoniae wrote a Letter to Pope Clement the IVtb, to have him
canonized, at which time they signifyed that he was called St. Robert in
England, and he tells us that a Copy of that Letter was in monasterio
canonicoritm de Oseney. Quaere about that Letter and endeavour to get
a copy of it, if it be in being. He held some opinions against the corrup-
tions of the Church of Rome, wc^ was the reason his Canonization was 40
denyed, as I presume. Ask D"". Thomas Tanner & J\R Baker.

June 23 (Tu.). Anthony Blackwall was of Emanuel College, where
he went out Bac. of Arts an. 1694 & proceeded Mr of Arts in the same
College anno 1698. He had a son that was lately Fellow of that College.
M^. Baker, in a Letter without Date L received June 16.

They have no such custome now at Cambridge of creating Masters of
Arts by putdng a Hood over their Heads or Faces : but that ceremony has
been lately used at the Creation of Doctors at the Commencement, and,
Mr. Baker is told, is to be omitted at the next (now approaching), which is


like to be very solemn, great Preparations are making, and Lodgings are
already taken up in Town. Ide7}i,

June 24 (Wed.). All our Authors, in Mr. Baker's opinion, have
been mistaken in the Magister Glomeriae. ' He was,' says he, ' (as you
say) the Head of the Regents, had a Jurisdiction, was under or confirmed
by the Archdeacon, as the Chancellor was by the Bp of Ely before our
Exemptions from Rome. The ratio tiomwis is hard to find. In our old
Books, I meet with Glomer Lane, but whether it gave name to the
Magister or he to it, by holding his Assemblies there, I cannot say.
JO Perhaps neither, & it may be derived a Glo?7ierando, by gathering his
Assemblies about him in a Ring. The last that I have met with that bears
the name was Sir John Cheek, then Mr. Cheek.'

That Dean Langhorn was Author of the Continuation of Baker's
Chronicle, M^. Baker hath not heard. ' You know,' saith he, ' Philips is
the reputed Author, an Honor that will hardly be contested.'

' Because you may have heard at Oxford, as we have at Cambridge, of

the ArchbP of Canterbury's [D^. Wake's] Illness, I can acquaint you that

I had a long Letter, dated Jun. 7, 1730, from his Grace (by the last Post)

all in his own fair hand, wcb he could not have found time for, had be been

20 a dying. But this to yourself.' Idem.

The Author of Bevis of Southampton was Lydgate. See Thomas
Key's Vindiciae, p. 333.

On Friday morning, June 19, died Mrs. Appleby, wife of M^. Appleby,
tallow-chandler, of S*. Peter's in the East, Oxford, after a long lingring
sickness, wcb ended in a Consumption. She was neece of the late learned
D". Edward Bernard.


June 25 (Thur.). From the Northampton Mercury for Monday,
June 15 : —

Paris, June 17, N.S. On the lo^^i instant an Experiment was made of the
30 two great Bells, weighing 40,000 Pound weight each, and four lesser, which have
been cast here for the King of Portugal, in the presence of several musicians
and other men of skill, who found the Tone of them very harmonious and
free from any Defect. The two big ones are 12 Foot and a half high, and
they are now going to be framed, in order to be carried to Port St. Nicholas
and put on board a great Boat for Rouen, where a Ship attends to carry them
to Lisbon.

There is lately dead the Rev. M'. Cheney of Oxford, by whose Death an
Estate of 5 or 600 lib. per annum falls to his Widow (by whom it came to
him) and after her Death to his Son.

4° The said M^. Cheyney (whose Xti^n name was William) died at Abbing-
ton about three Weeks since. His House, where he lived many years, is

June 24, 1730. Mr. Drake of York to H. (Rawl. 14. 105). Sends the
'Advertisement of the publication of a History, which I make noe doubt will
be Acceptable to all true Loyalists & Friends to their Country. Such Eminent
zeal and real Service to their Injured Sovereign deserves a Perpetual Memorial.
The Papers fell accidentally into my Hands, most of them never before
printed '. Wishes to know if there exists, either in print or manuscript,
a history of Pontefract by Thomas de Castleford ; it is quoted by Fuller
and Bale.

June 23-28.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES 96-102 297

in Stockwell Street, by High Bridge, Oxon. He took the Degree of I\LA.
as a member of Pemb. Coll. on June 30, 1693. He used his wife very ill.

Jime 26 (Fri.). On Friday, June 12, M^. Pescod, a young M.A. &
Demy of Magd. Coll., M^. Lisle, IMr. Wells, & IMr. Barnes, three Bach.
Demys of the same Coll., were convened before the President &c. of that
College, as they were several times after, and on Thursday morn, June 18,
Pescod and Wells were expelled the College for Blasphemy and other vile
Practices. This Pescod is the same that some time ago would have seized
young Brazier the glover's wife, as she was going home with her husband
& Mr. Leaver, at which time he received a Wound. 10

About the old way of disputing at Oxford, see what Br. Twyne notes
from Tho. Gascoigne, p. 349 of his Apol.

June 27 (Sat.), Doctors of Div., Canon Law, Physick, and Civil
Law, from the time of the foundation of the University of Oxford to the
time of Thomas Gascoigne anno 1456, wore round caps, but what caps
Masters of Arts, &c., wore he does not tell. They were different from the
former, wcti belonged only to the Doctors specifyed. M^". Twyne (in
p. 372) hath transcribed Gascoigne's note in the word Pileum upon that
occasion. The said round caps (as I take it) were of silk.

M". Appleby was buried on Sunday, June 21, at Holywell in Oxford, by 20
her mother, who was sister to D^. Edw. Bernard. She was buried in
Holywell churchyard. She was aged 55.

Brian Twyne had read John Gower's Chronicon Quadripartitum,
as appears from his Apology, p. 309, where he cites a passage from
it, viz. Tunc aper Oxoniae recidit a sede sophiae, which passage relates
to Thomas Duke of Glocester's having put a foxe's tail upon his spear,
vanquished \_stc\ the Earl of Oxford, near Oxford. This Chronicle is
compleat in the Cotton Library, but Dr. INIead told me that 'tis not fit to
be published, as I have signifyed in my Preface to Vita Ricardi II, and yet
Dr. Tanner, when I mentioned the matter to him, wished that it were 30
printed, because, he said, men of judgment in our History would find great
use from it. D^. Tanner hath seen it himself & perused it, but then
1 knew not whether so deliberately and considerately, as such a matter

Remember to ask i\Ir. Baker, whether when their books are in order
there be any design of printing a Catalogue of them. If such a thing be
done, I am fully persw-aded their printed Books will exceed (in that
particular) our Library at Oxford, notwithstanding we excell them
in MSS.

June 28 (Sun.). An Inscription in Capitals on 3 sides of the Tower 40
of the Great Church at Warwick, given me by M'^. Loveday, June 23,
1730. On the north side: Templum B. Mariae Collegiatum, primitus
a Rog. de Novo Burgo com. Warw. temp. Steph. R. instauratum, postea

June 28, 1730. Edmund Hearne to H. (Rawl. 27 B. 369; Diaries,
126. 125). Thanks for the present sent to White Waltham, which, however,
he has not yet received. Desires to know whether his mother-in-law is alive,
and where his brother WilUam and sister are. For the rest see Diary, July p.


a Tho. de Bello Campo c. Warw. ; (on the west side) ex toto reedificatum
anno m ccc xciiii. Conflagracione stupenda non aris, non focis parcente,
dirutum, Sep. MDCxciiii ; (on the south side) novum hoc, pietate publica
inchoatiim et provectum, regia absolutum est, sub laetis Annae auspiciis
anno memorabiH mdcciiii.

On Wed., June 24, 1730, died IM'. Thompson, parish clarke of
S*. Clement's near Oxford, in an advanced age.

June 29 (Mon.). Thomas Elmham, Prior of Lenton, is quoted by
Br. Twyne in p. 312 of his Apol. ; but I think Mr. Twyne had perused
10 the Book in verse only, and not the Prose.

The Townsmen of Oxford, being very much against the Privileges
of the University, in a Parliament begun at Glocester by Hen. IV,
petitioned, with the Barkshire men, that the King's Charter, by w^li the
Scholars were to be tryed by no other Judge in quibusaitnque proditionis,
/eloTitae, et viahemii quaesiionibus but their Steward, should be revoked ;
and this petition was of such force that anno Christi 14 10, in the Parlia-
ment at Westminster, an attempt was made to diminish the University of
Oxford's Privileges but without effect, the King on the contrary granting
that the Chancellour of Oxford might, at the end of 20 years, signify to the
20 Chancellour of England the names of such as disturbed the Peace of the
University, a privilege w^h the University may still, if they please, make
use of;' see Twyne, p. 313.

There are just come out two Tables, containing the publick Buildings
of the University of Oxford and Cambridge, w^li I was about to buy, they
being 1/6 each, only happening to be looking over Oxford I found not
only Dates to be wrong, but Corpus X'l'i College to be quite omitted,
as are also the Museum, the Printing House, &c. Whether Cambridge
be as bad I cannot say, tho' I much question whether it be right.

The famous M^. Joshua Barnes of Cambridge abstained from Prayers
30 and from the Oath to the Prince of Orange, till such time as the Nation
was settled, as I find by a Letter I have of his, given me with many other
Papers several years ago by his Widow.

Laurence Eachard, when of Cambridge, was a very bad composer
in Latin, a thing he was so very sensible of, that being to make a Logick
speech, he composed it in English & sent it to M^. Barnes, with an earnest
Request that he would put it into Latin for him. Of this I have M^".
Eachard's own Letter to M^. Barnes.

June 30 (Tu.). On Wednesday morning, June 10, 1730, died of
a total suppression of Urine, Elizabeth, the wife of Jer. Bishop, of God-
40 stowe near Oxford, and was buried in Wolvercote Churchyard on Friday,
June 12 following. They were married [see vol. 125, p. 74] on Oct. 9,
1 7 1 9. She had not made water (unless for some few little drops at first) for
xi days together, before she died. She was a notable industrious woman.
She drank an immoderate Quantity of small Beer, and hardly any other
liquor, w^^ was one principal cause of the Strangury.

^ Hearne has misunderstood Twyne, who here refers to the fact that on Nov. 4,
^399> Henry IV granted for twenty years that the Chancellor of Oxford, on signifying
to the Chancellor of England the name of any one who had remained excommunicated
for forty days, should have a writ for his arrest, such as diocesan bishops had. — Ed.

June 28-Juiy 2.] VOLUME CXXVI, PAGES 102-108 299

Matth. Paris tells us of a great Fray at Oxford upon account of
3 scholars that were innocently hanged without the Village of Oxford, by
command of the King, by the Maior, &c., for a Woman's being acci-
dentally killed by another Scholar, of wcb murder those 3 Scholars knew
nothing. The Scholars were so disturbed and enraged at this that they
all left the Town & there did not so much as one remain, so that to the
number of three thousand going off, some went to Cambridge, some
to Reading, and some to Maidstone. See Brian Twyne, p. 268.

Quaere how it came to pass that IM"". Barnes's design of writing the
Life of Pindar and prefixing it to the Oxford Edition miscarried. I under- 10
stand he had such a design from a Letter I have, written to him by
Dr. Edward Bernard & D^. Charlett. Dr. Charlett's part is at the Bottom
of Dr. Bernard's, & D"". Charlett expressly mentions it.

July 1 (Wed.). On Friday evening, June 27, 1730, meeting with
Mr. Graves, eldest son and heir of my late friend M^ Richard Graves, in
High Street, Oxford, I had a little discourse with him about his Affairs.
Tho' his father died intestate, yet he. hath by the direction and assistance
of friends made a prudent settlement and provision for the other Children.
He was during his father's life Commoner, but now he is Gendeman
Commoner, of University College. His father left a choice collection of 20
books in History & Antiquities. His Son said he intended to sell them ;
Antiquities, he said, being a dry, unprofitable Study. I asked him what
he would study ; he said, the Civil Law, and would proceed D^". in it and
endeavour to get some place in Chancery. I advised him by all means to
keep his books, told him that Antiquities would be of great service in the
Civil Law, ihat no study was more pleasant than Antiquities, and that all
that loved it found profit & benefit sufficient. I suppose he had been
talking with & byassed by some illiterate fine sparks. I brought him to
this, that he will (as he said) keep all his books of English History and
Antiquities, but part with the books of Coins, &c., but I disswaded him 30
what I could from parting with his books of Coins & hope my advice may
be effectual.

July 2 (Thur.). About 3 weeks since, died at London the Rev. Mr.
John Kerie, alias Peniston, rector of Sunningwell near Abbington in
Berks. He took the Degree of M.A. as a member of Christ Church, of
wch he was then Student, on Ap. i, 1704. D^. Nat. Thompson, of
St. John's Coll., is made rector of Sunningwell in his room.

On Friday, June 27, the Rev. INIr. W11 Derham was created in Convoca-
tion, by Diploma, Dr. of Divinity. This person, who is Fellow of the
Royal Society, and hath written and published many Things for the 40
service of Religion and Learning, took the Degree of M.A. as a Member
of Trin. Coll. Oxon. on July 4, 1683.

July 1, 1730. J. "Worthington to H. (Rawl. 18. 49)- Sends extracts
about Nicholas Ferrar from the ' Prefatory View ' in the Life of George Herbert.

July 2, 1730. H. to Rawlinson (Rawl. 32. 47). Wrote to R. on April 8,
but has not heard from him since. Asks for information about Rastell's
Chronicle, and reminds R. that he promised to lend a Thing about Prince
Charles and a Tract about Stamford.


Dr. Samuel Clarke of S*. James's was born Oct. ii, 1675. He died
May 17, 1729.

Serenus Cressy begun a second part of his Ecclesiastical History
of Great Britain, but before he had got 300 years after the Conquest he
died, as M^". Wood tells us. Quaere what became of the MS.

July 3 (Fri.). The 3 Scholars that were hanged by the Townsmen
of Oxford were much talked off [^/c] & afforded matter to some Historians,
particularly to Matt. Paris. The punishment of the Townesmen was to
go to every church in Oxford barefooted and barebacked, with rods
10 in their hands, «fe to receive absolution from the Parish priests and to pay
a mark of silver every year to the Scholars, w^^ the Townsmen got taken
off afterwards, upon their giving part of the land called Middeney to
Osney Abbey, upon condition that the Abbat of Osney every year paid a
marc to the Prior of St. Frideswyde for the use of the University. More-
over, they were to entertain with a handsome collation every year, upon
S*. Nicholas's day, an 100 poor scholars, the Abbat of Eynsham being to
pay 16 shillings yearly to the Collation or banquet, w^ti when the said
Abbat of Eynsham afterwards refused, he was cited to the Chancellor's
Court and was cast. See Br. Twyne, p. 269.

20 July 4 (Sat.). Mr. Anstis, in a Letter from Mordake of 3'"^ April,

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