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From the Northampton Mercury for Monday, Aug. 17, 1730 : —

Sir George Walters was lately marryed to Miss Boughton, a Lady of great
Merit and good Fortune.

ISB. This Sir George Walters, Kt.,is father to M^. Walters, lately Gent.
Commoner of Edmund Hall & now a young Master of Arts and in
Orders. She is the third wife of Sir George, & w-hereas she is but 23 years
old, Sir George is about 53, tho' he is still a comely jolly man. This

1 The best authorities are satisfied that Richard AUestree was the author of The
Whole Duty of Matt (see Diet. Nat. Biog., vol. 43, p. 87). — Ed.

Y 2


young Lady is a jolly handsome Woman & dined with her Husband and
son-in-law (who is about a year older than his mother-in-law) with some
others (among whom was her own sister, another of the Bowdens, a very
pretty young woman, a third having been married to my friend M^. Henry
Layng) in Edmund Hall on Tuesday last. There is a brother of these
Bowdens (who likewise dined then at Edm. Hall) of Balliol Coll.

Aug. 29 (Sat.). Mr. West tells me in a Letter from the Inner
Temple that he shall soon have copied the MS. he shewed me of
A. Wood's relating to Oxford, which he shall be glad to communicate to
lo me. He wants to know who is the Author of the following book :
Pyers Plowman s Exhortation unto the Lories, Knights Sf Burgeysses
of Parliament house, impritited at London by Anthony Scoloker, dwelling in
the Savoy refits without Temple barre ; cum privilegio ad imprimendum

He says M^, Anstis's book is the most beautifully printed in 4^0 abroad
he ever saw. The Title is, Joannis Anstis Responsio ad librum cut
Titulus The Case of Founder s Kinsmett, Sfc. He charges the Visitor &
Fellows with direct Perjury. All the Arms & Pedigrees are finely Graved.

John Sturt, the fine Engraver of Writing, died on Tuesday, Aug. 11
20 last, in a mean Condition.

Mr. Topham of Windsor is given over by Di". Mead.

Aug. 30 (Sun.). Yesterday, called upon me in the forenoon, with
a Pacquet from D"". Rawlinson, the Rev. M*". Morris, a worthy Gent,
of principles untainted, and a Sufferer in 1690, when he was a minor
Canon of the Cathedral Church of Worcester, and possessed of a living,
& since has rejected many valuable offers to prostitute his Conscience.
He is one of the venerable remains of shipwrecked loyalty, of which so
many are already daily perished, and others daily perish. He hath been
a married man, but his wife died long since, without children. He lives
30 generally in Worcester, where he hath a small Thing of his own. He is
M.A. and was of King's Coll., Cambridge. I must remember to speak of
him to M''. Baker. He is just returned from London from a Couzin's,
a coachmaker, who is married to a sister of M^. Walter Powell's of Cat
Street, Oxon., one of the yeomen Beadles, where viz. at Mr. Powell's, he
lodees for the little time he stays here.

He was one of those that held up the Pall at M"". Doughty's funeral.
D'". Rawlinson was likewise one. He told me 'twas thought Mr, Creak
would be substituted as a Rt. Reverend in M*". Doughty's room.

Aug. 31 (Men.). About a fortnight since called upon me M'. Brooke

Aug. 29, 1730. Edward Lye to H. (Raw). 7. 197). Sends to H. the
books he had bought.

Aug. 30, 1730. John Loveday at Caversham to H. (Rawl. 7. 179).
' A commission for Charitable Uses is sitting at Twiford. They begun with
examining into Blind Hughes's Abuse of Polehampton's will. They have
found him guilty and are proceeding to other charities which he has had the
handling of. To-morrow I set out with M^ Zinsan for Kent. On Oct. 9
I shall see Oxford.'

Aug. 31, 1730. H. to Rawlinson (Rawl. 32. 48 = 39. 143). Has received

Aug. 28-Sept. 1.] VOLUME CXXVII, PAGES 32-38 325

of Braznose & wanted to know where might be met with Thomas
Lynacre's Rudiments of Grammar, an English book, said by M^, Wood to
be printed Lofid. tn aedibus Pynsonianis (he does not tell the year nor the
form) & to be turned into Latin by George Buchanan, a Scot, Paris, 1533.
Which book, he saith, hath ever since been the Cynosura for many of our
best Grammarians.

I told him I thought it was in Braznose Coll. Library, but meeting him
afterwards, he told me it was not.

The reason of his Inquiry was because a friend of his at London, who
teaches a School, was about putting out a Grammar, & he intended 10
to make great use of Lynacre.

Indeed I take Lynacre to have been the very foundation of our common
Accedence, I mean that English book of vvch I must remember to make
Inquiry of Mr. Baker.

Perhaps M^. Anstis may tell something. As I remember he hath
several old Grammatical Pieces collected for him by Mr. Bagford.

Sept. 1 (Tu.), On Sunday night last I had some Discourse for about
two, hours with M"". Frewin, Vicar of Ivingho in Bucks. He had preached
at S*. IMarie's in Oxford in the morning. He is an ingenious man and
loves to talk of Antiquities. He told me the Abbey of Ashridge is still 20
a vast, noble Thing. He can tell many things about Ivingho. Ivingho
Church is dedicated to the V. Mary. There was a Nunnery at Ivingho
of Benedictines, but that was dedicated to S*. Margaret. Remember to
ask Mr. Frewin about the said Nunnery, also about the Founder thereof,
Henry, Bp of Winchester, who according to John of Glastonbury was
buried at Winchester, and not (as in Leland) in the parish church of
Ivingho. But the Mistake is not Leland's but Mr. Willis's. M^, Willis
told me there is an old tomb in the church without inscription, w°^
it seems he took to be the Bp's monument, but he was wrong.

This Morning, called upon me four young men of Fairford in Glocester- 30
shire. One of them is the present Clerk of Fairford, & he wanted (having

the Pamphlets. Cannot think R. to be the author of the Tract about Miracles
or Prodigies ; such books ought to be slighted by all that have any regard for
religion and learning. Some think R. to be the author; others 'fix it upon

A Pray who is substituted in room of M"". Doughty? I have been

told M"". Creak, a worthy man. I know not whether I am misinformed. The
Greweller's son^ had the character among many of being a very conceited,
weak man. His conduct in divers particulars made me think the character
just. His censures in occasional discourse of D"". Hickes & M"". Collier,
I never liked. He would cringe & fawn & flatter & do what was unwarrantable,
nor indeed did I ever look upon him as a man of courage.'

Sept. 1, 1730. Cuthbert Constable to H. (Rawl. 4. 94). See Diary,
Sept. 16.

Sept. 1, 1730. Baker to H. (Rawl. 22. 33). Sends an extract from the
will of Mr. Charles Jones, dated Jan. 17, 163^, about the foundation of
a Hospital or Almshouse at Pwllhely in Carnarvon, explaining why he founded
it, and giving the regulations \see also Diary, Sept. 6].

^ This phrase is substituted for the letters S. P., i. e. Samuel Parker ; see Diary for
Sept. 17.


been told I knew many things on that Subject) particulars about Fairford.
I gave him much Information, to their great Satisfaction.

Fox's Martyrology is not now in Fairford Church. I refered him to
that book formerly in the Church, for an account of the Apostles, Martyrs,
and Confessors, & the Persecutions of the Church.

Sept. 2 (Wed.). Last night Mr. Edward Bateman, student of Xt

Church, read part of a Letter to me, that he had received from Xtopher

Wren, Esq., son of the late S^ Xtopher Wren, from w^li I understood

that Mr, Wren had very much enlarged his Collection of Coins since

10 he published a Catalogue of them in 1708.

He (M"". Wren) intends shortly to send a compleat Catalogue of what
Coins are added to his Collection to Mr. Bateman, and then M^. Bateman
will shew it me.

Mr. Wren is about a design of publishing his Father's Works, and will
send Mr. Bateman a list of what he knows already of them, with a desire
that 1 would add what I know of. For my part I know of only his
Account of Salisbury Spire & Cathedral, wch I have among D"". Smith's
MSS., but 'twas copyed from that in the Museum. It hath been printed
by Curie, I know not how exactly, tho' I fear far from it. I suppose M''.
20 Wren will take care that it shall now be accurate.

S^ Xtopher never cared to print any thing himself; what was done
therefore that way was by others.

Many of S^" Xtopher's Papers fell into the hands of such as made use
of them, & published the Notions as their own, and I have heard that even
S"^ Isaac Newton owed much to such Papers, w^^i being borrowed were
never restored.

S^" Xtopher was every way as great a man as S'^ Isaac & in many
Things superior.

S"" Xtopher wrote a History of Architecture but 'tis left unfinished.
30 I told Mr. Bateman of the Papers in the Bodleian Library relating
to S"" Xtopher's Directions about cramping & strengthening that Place,
when some years ago it was ready to tumble, v/^^ Papers were put into
my hands by D^. David Gregory, to be lodged in the Bodleian, & accord-
ingly I put them into the Archives there. It was after the Library was so
strengthened, wcl^ cost a great sum of Money, & the Papers, being
S'" Xtopher's directions to D^. Gregory & D^". Gregory's account of what
he did upon those Directions, are to be looked upon as Curiosities,
& perhaps may be proper to be put in the Collection. M^. Bateman
said, he had seen them lately before I told him of them.

40 Sept. 3 (Thur.). Yesterday morning, about 9 Clock, died at his
Lodging in Queen's College, the Reverend Dr. John Gibson, Provost of
that College, aged about 56. He hath been for some time in a declining
Condition and was lately at Scarborough Spaw in Yorkshire for his
health, and was but newly returned. He was taken with a violent
Feaver on Sunday Night last. He hath left a Widow and one child,
a Son. He took the Degree of M.A. on June 12, 1700, but was super-

Sept. 2, 1730. Samuel Whitchurch to H. (Rawl. 12. 4) [see Diary,
Sept. 8J.

Sept. 1-4.] VOLUME CXXVII, PAGES 38-44 327

annuated, that of B.D., July 4, 171 2, that of D.D., Mar. 21, 17 16. He
was elected Provost of his College, Feb. 13, 1716, upon the Death
of Dr. W°i Lancaster, w"^^ happened Feb. 4 that year. He was the fifth
of seven brothers, whose names are James (now living at Wotlon-
Underwood in Bucks.), Jonathan (living), William (living), Thomas
(dead), John (before-mentioned, dead), Matthew (living in Herefordshire),
George (Hving, being Fellow of Queen's College). He hath published
one Sermon, preached at the Consecration of Queen's College Chappell.
When young he was looked upon as a good Disputant, as Queen's
College men when young generally are, because of their being kept to 10
Logical points. He had also the Character of being a good paymaster,
but he was crazed and whimsical. He was carried at six Clock in the
morning on Saturday following, being Sept. 5, and buried that evening
in his Parish Church of Farthingstone in Northamptonshire, according to
his Will. He w-as Prebendary of Lincoln and Peterborough Cathedrals.^
On Tuesday, Aug. 25 last, began the Horse Races in Port INIeadow
near Oxford, and did not end 'till INIonday night, Aug. 31st, so that they
continued full six days, but the first day was only one Horse run, wcb was
for 50 libs., & there was little sport also afterwards, but that wc^ is
scandalous is, that Booths (particularly one) were erected in the Meadow 20
six or seven weeks before the Races began.

Sept. 4 (Fri.). Yesterday, in the afternoon, called upon me again
M"". Maurice, he going out of Town this morning for Worcester.

He told me that D^^. William Thomas, Bp of Worcester, was a man of
primitive Christianity and Integrity, and had he lived a little longer, would
most certainly have been one of the deprived Bishops.

This Bp Thomas used to say that if all in England took the Oaths, he
would not, but should be very glad and willing to die at the Stake, rather
than do such a vile scandalous Thing.

Dr. Hickes, Dean of Worcester, once before this Bishop preached, 3°
& in his Prayer prayed for K. W°i and Q. Mary by name, as King and
Queen de facto, for wct he was, after the Sermon was done, checked
by the Bishop, after wcli the Dean (a most firm, conscientious Non-juror)
declined doing any such Thing.

The Epitaph upon Bp Thomas was made by himself, only the last part
was done by D*". Hickes. This Epitaph is printed in Ath. Oxon.

This Thomas was a great Sufferer in the Rump Time. Once being
reading the Church of England Service to a Congregation in a private
place, a soldier (a sort of Officer, I think) took occasion to disturb him,
by throwing a Bible at him, and insulting him as a Papist. However, 40
Thomas (a right good man) went on in the Service & passed [it] over like
a true Xtian. The Souldier had before this abused him & others as Papists
& Mass Readers, & I know not w'hat, & had threatened he would do what he
could to obstruct their Devotion. But after this Rudeness & Insolence to
the good man, he grew discontented & could not rest in his Bed, as he
declared, 'till he had went & begged pardon, w^^ accordingly he did with
Tears in his Eyes & easily obtained it of the good Man. This the Bp used
to mention to his Friends.

^ The last two sentences are additions by Hearne. — Ed.


The Bishop told one or more Friends of his that he asked Bp Fell who
was Author of The whole Duty of 77ian, but that he could understand
no more but that 'twas a sequestred Irish Clergyman, tho' not perhaps an
Irishman by Birth.

Sept. 5 (Sat.). From the Northampton Mercury for Monday,
Aug. 31 :—

London, Aug. 25. We hear from Clare Hall in Cambridge that D'. Green,
late Fellow of that College, Author of the celebrated Greenian Philosophy,
being dead, hath made the Master, with three Fellows of Clare Hall,

10 D''. Bentley, and three other Heads of Colleges, his Executors, and has
bequeathed all his Estate, to the amount of about 2,000 libs., to Clare Hall, on
the following Conditions: (i) They are to publish all his Posthumous Works.
(2) They are to get his Body anatomized and to hang his Skeleton at the Head
of a Class of Books which he made the Hall Library a present of, just before
he died. He has likewise ordered a Monument to be erected in 5 Places, with
a long Epitaph he has left to be inserted upon each of them. And in case
Clare Hall do not execute this his Will, his Effects are to go to St. John's
College ; and if they refuse, to any other of the respective Colleges that will
execute the will of the Deceased.

20 On Wednesday last, at an Annual Meeting of a Society of Gentlemen held
at Oxford, the Marquis of Blandford being present and several Persons of
Distinction belonging to that University, they chose the Marquis Steward for
the year ensuing.

The next Day his Lordship had the Degree of Doctor of the Civil Law
conferred upon him by the said University.

Mr. Taylour, of University College, told me last night that there is in
their College Register an excellent Speech made & spoke by M"". Abraham
Woodhead in their College, anno 1634, but upon what occasion I do not
well understand.

30 Sept, 6 (Sun.). After the printing the above-mentioned account of
Dr. Green, I received another Account of it from M^. Baker of Cambridge,
in lieu of what I sent him about the author of The whole Duly of Matt.
His letter is dated Sept. i, 1730. ' I am to thank you', says he, ' for
your account of Mr. Woodhead & the Author of The whole Duly of Man.
He was indeed a very great man & fitted for any thing. But as you seem
not to believe him to be the Author of that Book, so it would have been
strange he should write such a Book without a mixture of Popery. All the
Return I can make is to send you an account of an Author of a different
character, who assuredly would not be the Author of The whole Duty of

40 Man. It is concerning Dr. Green, late Fellow of Clare Hall, Author of
the large Volume of Philosophy lately, printed, who died lately in Stafford-

' He has left a will in nine or ten sheets of Paper, appoints Executors
Heads of Colleges, Clare Hall, S*. John's, Trinity, Jesus, Sidney, &

Sept. 5, 1730. H. to the Hon. Cuthbert Constable, Esq. (transcript ;
Bodl. MS. Eng. Misc. c. 88. 6). Has received six guineas more. Dr. Constable
used to stay with Mr. Thomas Kymber, a tobacconist in the suburbs of
Oxford. Perhaps his was an assumed name. Has heard as yet nothing from
Dr. Tanner about Abraham Woodhead.

Sept. 4-9.] VOLUME CXXVIl, PAGES 44-51 329

I think, Christ's. Most of his Effects he leaves to his own College ; but
if his Will be not e.xecuted in every particular, then to go to the Colleges
in succession. One particular has rendered it almost impossible to be
executed. He has ordered his Body to be dissected by a skillful surgeon,
his Bowels to be buried in King's College Chappell (with a Monument),
but his Skeleton to be hung up in the Library for public use. They have
been with a Surgeon, who refused (as you may imagine) to undertake the
Operation, after the Body had been so long in the ground. However, it
is sent for and conveyed hither, and the Provost of King's College refus-
ing to give it interment in that Chappell, it is buried in All Saints Church. 10
Whether they will take it up, when the Bowells are consumed, they know
best. The rest of the Particulars are too many for a Letter, & I dare say
you have enough already.'

Sept. 7 (Men.).

[The Epitaph on Nathaniel Resbury, S. T. P., who died July 21, 1711, copied by
Mr. Loveday from the Church of St. Giles, Reading.]

Sept. 8 (Tu.). Yesterday morning (tho' it was dismally wet from
about 3 Clock till a little after seven, however after a fine day), a litde
horse of eleven hands and a half high went from the Middle of Magdalen
Bridge to S*. Gyles's Pound, London, and back again to the said Bridge in 20
sixteen hours and a half, being rode by one and the same boy, a son of
one Pad, a Butcher of Oxon., for a wager of ten pounds, laid by the owner
of the horse, one Thomas Beauchamp, a currier in S*. Peter's parish
in the East.

To enquire when, by whom, and upon what occasion the High Cross,
situate in the very centre of the City of Bristol was built. One Mr, Samuel
Whitchurch of Oriel College sent to me, on the 2^^ inst., a Gentleman
unknown to me, to know.

Sept. 9 (Wed.). D^ Rawlinson does not find that his Brother ever
had Rastell's Chronicle, tho' they have had and sold severall of that 30
nature, perfect and otherwise, and even yet some imperfect will come to
market, for which he is now preparing.

I hear a Catalogue of Peter Le Neve's books and MSS., the last mostly
Heraldical, is printed, but the Office of Arms dispute his Widow's right,
and they now have their case in Chancery. All his papers, very numerous,
relating to Norfolk and Suffolk, are (at Dr. Tanner's request) placed in
the Cathedral Library at Norwich.

'Tis said M*". Collins's books will ,be sold this winter, and a very
extraordinary collection they doubtless are. Notwithstanding this man's
infidelity, it is more than whispered that he was not author of any one of 4°
those books h^ was so vain as to wish to be thought the author of, and

Sept. 8, 1730. Samuel Gale to H. (Rawl. 6. 61). Will send his sub-
scription for Trokelowe by the hands of Mr. Pleydell of Abingdon. Wishes to
subscribe for Caius. [See also Diary, Oct. 3.]

Sept. 8, 1730. Edward Lye to H. (Rawl. 7. 198). Will be in Oxford
in a fortnight, and will bring H. a charter about Wantage.


that he went constantly to Church and frequently received the Sacrament,
■ even but two days before he dyed.

As Mr. Creyk lived in M^. Doughty's house, he has taken the care of
his Congregation since his death. He is a worthy man in several respects,
and relinquished a benefice in Yorkshire worth near 300 libs, per

D"". John Gibson, Provost of Queen's College, hastened his End by
drinking Drams, a practice much in vogue.

Sept. 10 (Thur.). The Hon^ie Charles Constable, Esq., wants some
10 more particulars of M^. Abraham Woodhead than are in Mr. Ant. a Wood's
Ath. Oxon. He hath received some from M^. Nickalson, who has lived
long in foreign realms, and is still alive.

Sept. 11 (Fri.). The said Nickalson I take to be Francis Nicholson,
formerly Fellow of Univ. College, and turned out at the time of the
Revolution, for Popery. There is an account of him in the spurious Ed.
of Aihenae Oxon. Remember to ask M^". Constable, what he knows else
about Mr. Nickalson's books, besides what is mentioned in the said spurious
Ed. of Ath. Ox.

Tho' M'". Woodhead was not so well regarded at last by his University,

20 yet he must be acknowledged by all men of learning to be no small
Ornament to it, both for his knowledge and great piety ; and gratitude
too requires that that great seat of learning ought to acknowledge him to
have stood its friend in the worst of times, when Cromwell and the
Parliament, more ways than one, contrived its destruction.

Mr. Constable observes in his Letter to me from Queen Square over
against S*. George's Church, London, without date, though I received
it on Friday, Aug. 14, 1730, that he never knew a good Antiquary
partial. Another motive (says he) w'^^'' fnakes me inclhied to you [for things
about Mr. Abraham Woodhead] is the observatioii that I have made of

30 never knowing a good Antiquary partial, as I have found by reading the
Works of the Honest Ant. a Wood, Cambden, Dugdale, and lil'^. Dodsvoorth,
all great and worthy labourers in giving us some insight into the past glories
of this nation, which you also, with no less earnestness, and with more
learning, conti7iue to doe.

Sept. 12 (Sat.). Mr. Constable hath regained several MSS. of this
good man M^. Abraham Woodhead, which have never yet been published,
and he should be glad, when he gets these printed, to prefix a short
account of his life, that the World might not be as great a Stranger to him
as he was the greatest part of his latter years to it.
40 The original name of this M"". Constable was Tunstall ; his mother was
sister to the late Lord Dunbar, and he dying without lawful! Issue, left
his Estate to him, with an injunction to change his name for that of
Constable. At present he lives in London, and shall continue there 'till
next Spring. His Seat in the Country is at Burton-Constable in Holderness,
nigh Hull. He saith his greatest ambition is to be acquainted with such as
I, thd he pretends to very little learning himself, it being his only desire (as
the world goes) to be obscurely good and honest.

Hence it appears to me that he is a modest, humble, good man.

Sept. 9-15.] VOLUME CXXVII, PAGES 52-59 331

Sept. 13 (Sun.). M^. Constable in his Letter from the same place of
Aug. 20, observes that more persons than M'. W^ Rogers and Anthony
a Wood have imagined M"". Woodhead to be the Author of The whole
Duty of Man ; M"". Vinter (who was a contemporary of M"". Woodhead
and an Oxfordian) told a Lady of Mr. Constable's acquaintance that he
askt Mr. Woodhead whether he was the Author of The whole Duty of
Man, and he made no answer ; which, considering the great modesty
and humility of M^. Woodhead, may be a sufficient proof of his being
really the Author ; tho' M^. Constable cannot but be inclined to believe
with me, that he was not the Author, that book being writ in a quite 10
different stile.

Mr. Constable hath been long desirous to have a Print of M"". Woodhead ;
but he cannot get any intelligence of any that was ever taken of him.
He writ to M^ Nicolson at Lisbon, but to no purpose ; he told him,
indeed, that his works were the best picture of him.

Sept. 14 (Men.). M^. Constable cannot imagine what D'. Constable,
a Physician, it was I saw some few years agoe at Oxford. He saw one
about 22 years agoe at Paris, but he dyed soon after; he was Physician
at St, Germain's, and followed the fate of poor K. James the 2"^^. There
is also another gentleman of that name who studyed Physick, and is now 20
at Rome, but he never heard that he was an Antiquary ; he is not forty ;
but both these Constables were of a different Family, coming from the
Laisys,^ who were Constables of Chester, which title of his Office he gave
to his second son and his heirs, from whence the above-mentioned
Constables came ; but the Constables from whence this Cuthbert Con-
stable took his name were of a different Family, as you may see in
Camden, where he speaks of that part of the East Riding of Yorkshire

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