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* St. John's Coll., Cambridge, is St. John the Evangelist's.— Ed.



a8 HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS [1728:

King and all others to be Visitors of Univ. Coll. but the Convocation, or
such as the Convocation shall delegate. He looks upon King Alfred's
Foundation as all Fiction. Yet the Historians and Records confirm it,
and it hath been universally agreed upon, and as he was Founder, there
is no doubt of his right to visit, and the same Right undoubtedly remains
in his successors. It hath been examined & cleerly {sic) stated in West-
minster Hall, to the confusion of the adverse Parly, who however will be
restless.

July 14 (Sun.). Yesterday D^. Tanner called upon me in the
lo afternoon and deUvered to and gave me the following note, occasioned
by what I told him of simenellus sahi or simenellus sal', mentioned in the
Black Book of the Exchequer that I am printing : —

Reg. Oseney ■ fol. 242. Abbas et conventus concesserunt quod
invenient . . . duos panes, qui vocantur magnae micbiae, unam bisam
michiam, unam salam michiam, unum grossum panem &c.

July 15 (Men.). Mr. Wood tells us that what now in Oxford is
called St. Mary Hall Lane, was anciently called Schidyard Street,
Mr. Twyne Schildyerdstret. Mr. Twine's is the truer Reading,^ so that
that was the Place at Oxford where shields were both made and sold.
20 _ Mr. Smith, in what he calls his Annals of University College, is so
violently biassed by passion as to call the most eminent Writers, and the
most famous men besides, by the names of Fools and I know not what,
that are not of his mind ; & yet he is so dark, obscure, injudicious,
inelegant, false a writer as to deserve a worse character than the worst
of those he dissents from can deserve.

July 16 (Tu.). About a Quarter of a year since they began to build
a new Chappel for Pembroke College next to Slaughter Lane.

About 5 or 6 years ago died at Northmore in Oxfordshire Mr. Richard
Playdell. He is buried there. He had been many years Head Master
30 of Abbington School. He was an excellent Master, only he was thought
too mild. He took the Degree of M.A. as a member of St. Mary Hall,
June 27, 1672. He left off his school several years before he died. He
was never married. I do not know of anything that he either wrote
or published.

July 17 (Wed.), Mr. Smith is so daring as to say that Ranulph
Higden was the first Historian that broached the story of King Alfred's
founding schools or Halls at Oxford. Higden died a. d. 1363. And yet
Thomas Sprot, who flourished a. d. 1274, had expressly said the same

July 17, 1728. H. to Rawlinson (Rawl. 32. 23). * M' Crynes had your
Billet. I leave him to answer it. . . . What the Author, you speak of, hath said
against what I have published [about King Alfred and University College] is
downright false.' [See next letter.]

July 17, 1728. Thomas Baker to H. (Rawl. 27 B. 60). 'I was sorry to



^ This extract is from the Oseney Cartulary in Ch. Ch. Treasury. — Ed.
^ On the contrary, Wood's is the truer reading. The name never has an -/- in
ancient charters. — Ed.



lO



July 13-19.] VOLUME CXIX, PAGES 92-97 29

in his Chronicle, where p. 105, are these words: 'Iste Aluredus scolas
publicas Oxoniae primus instituit &c.' ^

July 18 (Thur.). The more I think of M^. Smith's Book, the more
I am confirmed about King Alfred's founding Schools at Oxford,
particularly the three famous Halls, one of wch was Great University Hall,
now University Coll.

This Man is so ignorant as to make A. Wood first write his Book of
the Hist, of Oxford in English, & being translated by the care of Bp Fell
into Latin, he takes it that Mr. Wood afterwards translated the Latin
back into English, & that this is that w«^ now remains in the ]\Iuseum.
Utterly wrong. IMr. Wood was so far from translating the Latin that he
never approved of the Latin Edition. Nor is there any English Copy in
the Museum. That wch should be there is the original English, as
M^. Wood wrote it himself, but is now in the School Tower & M^. Smith
had it many years.

July 19 (Fri.). On Wednesday last the Bells rung out at Oxford
for Mr. Dodwell (the Lawyer) of Oxford, who died a little while before
very suddenly of an Apoplexy at London. Tho' he was but a young
man, yet he hath had two Wives ; by the first of w^li he hath left two
pretty Daughters & by the second three children behind him. He was 20
an enemy to the poor and beloved by few or none. (He was brought
from London, & buried in S*. Marie's Church, Oxon., Saturday night,
July 20.)

Yesterday called upon me M^". James Gibson, minister of Wootton
Underwood near Brill, in Bucks. As he is well acquainted at Piddington,
I must desire him to get me some account of the old Hermitage of
Musewell in Piddington, that was given to the Benedictine Abbey of
Missenden in Bucks., founded in the Reign of Hen. L, in wct Reign the
said Gift of the Hermitage was made to it. The Hermitage was dedi-
cated to the Holy Cross, and was situated in a very solitary place. 30

This morning, just before ten Clock, I delivered back into his own
hands, at his Lodgings at X* Church, to D"". Tanner, Ant. Wood's IMS.
Life of himself, that D^". Tanner had lent me, and now D^. Tanner lent
me an old Paper, a Copy of w^^ here follows : —

The longe stable, All the same stable is utterly taken awaye ; Christes

vacat. Church had vi lode of slattes of the same.

M'. Bysley Lodgyng, That is greate decaye and Ruine. The particions,

vacat. ' dores, windows. Iron, glasse is spoyled & gone ; the

hordes of the flowre in diverse places taken awaye. The
length of that lodgyng 55 Fote ; the bredth 25 Fote ; 40
the tymber of the Rowgh is very good.



hear of your Indisposition. Pray take care of yourself. This Ague here with
us often returns, without due care. . . . M^". Smith's book I received from the
Author, whom I never saw nor heard of before. I am no competent Judge of
your Oxford Antiquities, but I like the Book no better for what he has said
of you.'

^ See Sprot's Chronicle, printed by Hearne. But what Heame ascribed to Sprot
was compiled after 1330, and though it may contain some of Sprot's work, it is not
known how much. — Ed.



30



HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS



[1728 :



An other howse ioyn-
ing to the same
Lodgyng at the est
ende, vacat.

Where thalmes men
lay, vacat.

Dorter.



lO



Frater.



20



The slaughter house
with other houses of
office jo}'ned thereto,
vacant.

Abbotte John's hall,
vacat.



The leadid Lodgyng
or M'' Lodgyng.



30



The parlour under-
neth M"" lodgynge.

The kylne house with
the furnese house
vacat.



M''. Belsyer stable
40 unoccupied.

The lofie over the
scole unoccupied.
The scole M"" cham-
ber, unoccupied.

The scole house un-
occupied.

M''. Haynes lodgyng
vacat.
50 The great Hall.



There be particions with the lofte taken away in
muche Ruyne with evell tymber, in length 40 fote.



There is dores, wyndowes, iron is all taken awaye and
yt is in utter decaye, in length 30 fote.

At the ende of the same were ii propre chambers well
glasyd, Ironed with a particion, ii goodly dores of weyns-
kote all spoylyd & gone.

The length 169 foote ; in bredth 32 Fote ; thone syde
is all sklate, except 20 Fote; th other syde 40 Fote
skiated ; the Rough ys good. The length of the rafters
36 Fote very good. The gutters leyd with leade through
owte both sydes ; Gone utterly.

The length 140 Fote; the pyllours & Irons of the
wyndowes spoylyd & gone; The bredth 36 Fote all
sklattyd.

The gutters of leade on both sydes taken away cleane ;
All the whole is spoyled through : The pulpet therein is
also spoyled ; The length of the Rafters 38 Fote.

The length 40 Fote, the bredthe 24 Fote ; meane
tymber in decaye.

The length 84 Fote; The particions, wyndows, dores
cleane gone. In greate decaye. The tymber indif-
ferente ; All skiated.

The length 46 Fote, the bredthe 34 ; good tymber,
unoccupied ; well skiated, goog {sic) Rough with glased
(sic) with Irons, the depnesse of the Roughe 40 Fote ;
The gutter of thone syde leaded cleane taken awaye.

The length 45 Fote coueryd with leade, the bredth
16 fote, the leade is taken awaye in some places,
wherby yt goyth to decaye. The Raighe proper and
handsome.

There all the glasse is gone.

The length 76, the bredthe 32 Fote. In great decaye,
well tymbryd and a very good Rough. Ther be ii prin-
cipall postes standyng in the same house ; The house
longe unoccupyed ; much sklate taken awaye ii sommers
standyng with the kylne betwene and vi other pecis
lyeng in the Floure.

The depth of the Rough 30 Fote. The length
40 Fote; in bredth 16.

The length 50 Fote, the bredth 24. There is a newe
Flowre, well sklatyd, a good Rough.

The length 24, the bredthe 16 Foote, well sklatyd.
The hordes of the flowre new partly taken away and the
wyndowes gone. The gutters of leade taken awaye.

The barres of Iron beyng substanciall cleane gone
with the glasse.

The glasse taken awaye, the whole barres of Iron are
there yet.

Whiche INI''. Stumpe wolde have had a lofte in, is
of length 59 fote, the bredth 33, wherein we fownde
good tymber spoyled to the fyer. There is no pece of
tymber unoccupyed in the hole house that will serve for
this hall flowre.



July 19-24.] VOLUME CXIX, PAGES 98-105 31

The yatt house vacat The length 88 fote, the bredthe 28; a competent

withowte steyres. good Roughe of tymbre, the depth 30 fote, good sklate.

The lytle chamber The whiche is all in Ruyne and decaye.

nere to the same
vacat. The porter's
lodge vacat.

The greate bame The length 88 fote ; the bredth 28 ; The tymber

vacat. meane ; The sklate competente good ; The depth of the

Roughe 30 fote ; There lacketh the greate porche with

the greate dores.

Indorsed. S. Nicholas, Osney ; Stumpe : Accompt of the Decayes in the old
Abbey of Oseney.

July 20 (Sat.). IM'. James Gibson told me (on Thursday last) that 10
he is 62 years of Age.

About a Fortnight since one M^. Spense, a young Master of Arts of
New College, was elected without opposition Publick Reader of Poetry
of the Univ. of Oxon. This JM^. Spense hath written and published
a Criticism upon Pope's Translation of Homer's Odysses, for w^li he hath
been cryed up.

July 21 (Sun.). INIr. Loveday of Magd. Coll. told me yesterday that
he hath got in the Country a Folio MS. in English containing Coats of
Arms & the History of Families since the Conquest. He intends to
lend it me. 20

Dr. Miles Stapylton, who is Rector of Horspenden or Harding ', near
Henley in Oxfordshire, is a good Scholar and a worthy man. He hath
been a Traveller, and hath a good Study of Books. He is a single
man, having never been married, and very rich. He was formerly
Fellow of All Souls Coll. He had a hand in the Translation of
Plutarch's Lives into English. That life he did in Plutarch's Lives is
Caius Marius, wch some say is the best Translation of the whole. That
D'. was of University College before he was of All Souls. I know not
whether he hath any thing else printed.

July 22 (Mon.). This day Dr. Tanner went for Norwich, having 30
been from thence but a little while. He told me on Friday last, when
he lent me the Paper about Osney, w^h I returned in the Evening, that
he believed he should find in the Treasury (he being now Treasurer of
X* Ch.) more Papers of the same kind.

July 23 (Tu.). Mr. Strickland, Mancipal of Brasenose College, is
now near 47 years old, a stout lusty ]\Ian, as was his Father before him,
who lived to a great Age, and was Scrape-Trencher of that College,
a good profitable Place, w^h he well deserved, having been an old honest
stout Cavalier, and very faithfuU and trusty to all his Masters, by whom
he was accordingly well beloved, and lived to a great age. 4°

July 24 (Wed.). M'. James Gibson some time ago told me by
Letter, that his Grammatical Notes or Remarks have met with approba-
tion among the INIasters of Eaton College. He told me the same also



* Harpsden is meant. — Ed.



32 HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS [1728:

the other day, when he was in Oxford. I asked him, if he had had any
Letter from any one of them. He said not, only by word of mouth from
two School boys of Eaton, sons of the late M^. Greenvile, whom, before
they went to Eaton, M^. Gibson taught. He seems now, upon this
account, fully resolved to print these Remarks, and some other things of
the same nature.

July 25 (Thur.). Yesterday, very early in the morning, died of the
Cholick (wcb she had to a very violent degree) Mrs. Eliz. Basse, the Wife
of Mr. Thomas Basse, victualler, of Cat Street in Oxford, in the 6ot^

10 Year of her Age, she being born on the 5th of June, anno 1669. Her
first Husband's name was Hen. Stevens, who died on June 16, 1722.
She was a strong lusty hearty Woman, and might have lived many years
longer, had not she had this distemper, with wcb she hath been afflicted
several times before, and I am told she had a Rupture. On Saturday
last (being Jul. 20), and on Sunday morning till about 10 Clock, she was
very well, brisk & merry, and was afterwards very suddenly seiz'd in
such a manner as nothing would pass her, tho' she had three Clysters.
Her Husband, a man of 46 years of age, had been very ill of the same
distemper on the Friday night immediately before, but having some ease

20 on Saturday, on Saturday night he had it again, \v^^ put her into a great
fright, so that she got out of bed, & stirring much, without her Cloaths
being on, it was in all probability the immediate cause of her Illness.
She was an honest Woman, very carefull &• industrious, and of such
prudence, discretion, & understanding in an House, that she hath hardly
left behind her her equal in Oxford.

July 26 (Fri.). On Tuesday last, M^. Browne (Bursar of University
Coll.) told me, that Mr. Smith's Book is a most abominable lying wicked
Thing, & contrary even to what himself had formerly entered, when
Bursar, in their College Books.

30 July 27 (Sat.). Yesterday in the Evening, between 5 and 6 Clock,
M". Basse was buried by her first husband and only Child (a boy) in
S*. Marie's Church, Oxford. The said boy died many years ago of the
small Pox.

On the 24*11 1 received from M^. Baker a Transcript of Hen. V^b's Patent
anno regni 7, Nov. 26, de nmiuo regi /adcndo, copied by him from
Dr. Sanderson's Copy, wcb M^". Sanderson is the same that continued
Rymer and made the Indexes to him, and indeed (as I have often heard)
had the chief hand in all or most of the Transcripts in that Work.

Mr. Joseph Day of S*. Marie's Parish, Oxford (good at History) was
4° born Sept. 10, 1662.

M''. Samuel Parker, son of the Bp of Oxon. of that name, is ,51 years
of age. So he told me yesterday. His Father died of the Cholick, and
he is often afflicted with the same.

July 28 (Sun.). Yesterday Morning, about 4 Clock, M". Eliz.
Shepherd (wife of M^. John Shepherd) of St. Peter's in the East, Oxford,
was delivered of a son, being her fifth Child. [It was baptized by the
name of John on Thursday, Aug. 22nd. It died of the small Pox, Sund.



July 24-31.] VOLUME CXIX, PAGES 105-111 33

morning, Oct. 30*^, 1728, buried that Evening in S*. Peter's in the East
churchyard.]

Mr. Smith allows Wilton's Assize, if it were genuine, to be good proof
for Alfred's founding University Coll., but then he makes it spurious.
I never saw it, only what is in Twyne, & 'twas him I followed in my
Glossary to Pet. Langtoft, and good authority he is, and a far better
Judge of Things of this kind than M^. Smith, who wants Judgment,
Impartiality, and Candour, as is plain from his book, in w^t he makes
every thing spurious that happens to be against himself.

Justus Lipsius ac Joannes Seldenus in ea fuerunt sententia, ut 10
existimarint Salvatoris crucem e quercu fuisse. Vide Seldeni Metamorph.
Angl. p. 26. Quam sententiam & ipse etiam lubens amplector.

July 29 (Men.). Mi". Selden never minded collecting Inscriptions in
Churches or Coats of Arms. Nor did he ever much travel, but kept
himself, as much as he could, close and retired to his books. He was
a proud man, and had certainly a vast stock of reading and learning, but
his Judgment and reasoning were but indifferent.

July 30 (Tu.). On Wednesday the 24 inst., died M^. John Crooke,
Porter of i\Iagd. Hall in Oxford, and was buried in S*. Peter's in the East
Church Yard, on Friday night, July 26^^. He had been Porter there 20
a great many years, and had carefully wrote down and kept an account
of all the Graduates of that Hall, and of all that died of it, for about
30 years. He was near 70 years of Age, was a very honest, good natured,
merry man, and very well beloved. He was a single man, and what he
had saved (about 50 or 60 libs.) goes to his Brother (a married man, who
hath many children) of Bladon, near Woodstock.

Mr. Selden made great use of Coins in his books, yet he had no
Collection, or but a slight one, of them, but had always recourse to Sir
Robert Cotton's, wch is the reason that Things of that nature did not
come with his books to the Bodleian Library ; but then he had many 30
ancient INIarbles wc^ came to Oxford with the books.

July 31 (Wed.). M''. Selden in his Analecta Anglo-Brit., and else-
where, pays a great deference to the Authority of Geffry of Monmouth,
and so do likewise a great number of learned Writers (many of w^^ were
much more judicious than INIr. Selden) besides ; and 'tis very absurd to
decry every thing at once in him, because some things are found to be
fabulous, and others inconsistent. It is a great wonder that more
inconsistences have not been found in him, considering that in those more
early times they had not writings to convey things to posterity, but trusted
to their memories, and the like may be said with respect to Joseph of 4°
Arimathaea's coming into Britain, planting the Chrisdan Religion here,
and building the first Church, the story of w°^ was even believed by



July 31, 1728. Edm. Archer to H. (Rawl. IMS. D. 378 (278)). Sends
copies of the letters written in the time of Edward II about the canonization
of William de Marchia, and of a commission to shut up a monk in his solitary
apartment, taken from the Registers of the Bp. of Bath and Wells. ' INP. Pro\\se,
RF. Tottenham and I drank your health yesterday at my house.'

VOL. X. D



34 HEARNE'S COLLECTIONS [1728:

Mr. Seidell, as may appear in his Analecta, a man otherwise of but little
religion.

Aug. 1 (Thur.). Anniversarium concessum Thome Rotherham
Line, episcopo (in collegio Regali Cant:) Maii 8, anno dom. 1475.
Mr. Baker's Letter, July 17, 1728.

At Cambridge the governing or chief officer was styled Praeposilus in

the Reigns of King John and Hen. IIL How much sooner Mr. Baker

cannot say. In the latter end of Hen. Ill's reign he is styled viaior.

Anno 52 Hen. Ill, M"*. Baker finds Jo. Martyn maior, and constantly

10 after.

He told me D^. Woodward's fossils were exspected at Cambridge on
the 17*^ inst. at night. The setding his Professorship will be a work of
more time,

Aug. 2 (Fri.). On Tuesday last at 10 Clock at night died M^. Brooks,
Gent. Com. of Univ. Coll., and was buried the next night at 10 Clock in
the Vestry there. He died of the small Pox, being the ixtli day. He
was about a year and an half's standing, and was a very studious, sober,
hopefuU, and civil young Gent. His Mother was present at his death,
coming out of the Country (Kent, I think). It is very remarkable (what
20 hath been told by many in my hearing for certain truth) that this young
Gentleman hath left ten Aunts (sisters to, and who live with, his Father)
the youngest of w^li is above 30 years of Age, all Maidens, not one of
them having yet been married, and yet every one of them hath a good
Fortune.

Aug. 3 (Sat.). Yesterday Mr. Gilman, of S*. Peter's Parish in the
East, Oxford (a lusty, hearty, thick, short man), told me that he is in the
85th year of his Age, and that at the Restauration of K. Charles II, being
much afflicted with the King's Evil, he rode up to London behind his
Father, was touched on a Wednesday morning by that King, was in
30 a very good condition by that night, and by the Saturday night imme-
diately following was perfectly recovered, and so hath continued ever
since. He hath constantly wore the piece of Gold about his neck, that
he received of the King, and he had it on yesterday when I met him.

Yesterday I walked to Seckworth (between Botley and Wightham) and
so to Wightham and returned back the same way.

Seckworth hath been a very considerable Town. There is nothing
now there but a single house (in w^ii M"". Ellyot the Butcher's servants
sometimes lodge, the ground belonging to M^. Ellyott) and two or three
hovells for cattle and some hay-ricks. The great road formerly passed
40 from Ensham through it and so through Binsey to Oxford. There was
a Church there. The Parish reached quite from Wightham to Botley.
At the north end of Botley is a single house, said to be in no parish,
unless it be in the parish of Windsor, and so they say of Seckworth (wct
pays no tithes ^) that 'tis in no parish, unless it be Windsor.



^ For Hearne's errors about Seckworth, see Vol. ix, p. 399. If Seckworth paid no
tithes (i. e. great tithes), it must be that on the Dissolution of Stodley Priory, which
owned the church, they were acquired by the Lord of the Manor and merged. — Ed.



JnXf 31-Aug. 6.] VOLUME CXIX, PAGES 111-117 35

Aug. 4 (Sun.). There is a long account of Anna Bolen's being
Hen. Vllltt's own Daughter in a little Book entit. Confuiacio caussarum
quibus EUzabetha Angla dassiarios suos adducios fm'sse, libello m lucem
edi'lo, declarat ad naves non pane as oner arias Hanseaticorum in Oceano
Occidentali intercipiendas. Anno MDXXCIX \sic\. Audore G.J. A.
Mr. West hath the book. i 388039

Aug. 5 (Men.). On Saturday morning last died, in All Souls College,
doctor John Irish, Fellow of that College, aged (according as I apprehend)
85, tho' others say not so much, nor indeed does what I have formerly
observed of him reach to that age. He was born of Dutch parents, and ^°
was originally of Edm. Hall, as a member of which he took the degree of
Bach, of Civ. Law, Oct. 10, 1671, and being that year elected Fellow of
All Souls College, he proceeded D^. in that Faculty on Nov. 20, 1677, and
hath lived there ever since. He was a very great Whig, yet had no Pre-
ferment, other than being official of the Bp of Oxford's Court. He did
several good Things by way of Charity, but then it cannot be commended,
that having a great Fortune he should eat so many years the bread of
the Founder, wch was certainly designed for poor Scholars. He hath left
behind him a brother and a nephew. His Brother is his Executor and
(he being absent, I think in Holland) Mr. Wm Ives, the apothecary, is his 20
trustee. He had before given away a vast deal to this brother. The Dr.
was a good Scholar and studious, & as long as I have known him very
regular. But as to the former part of his life, I can say nothing of my
own knowledge. But there goes this story of him (and few or none
doubt the truth of it) that being a very handsome, comely, tall young man,
a fine Lady coming to the Angel Inn in Oxford, and having no children,
nor likely to have any by her Husband, she was so enamoured with this
young Gentleman, that she had him at her Inn, treated him very hand-
somely, made her case known to him, & declared her desires of having
him to be her Bedfellow for at least one night, offering a very handsome 30
gratuity, if things succeeded (as she did not doubt from what his person
promised but they would) according to her wish. He readily con-
descended to her proposal, & so fully satisfied her desires, that having
given him all imaginable thanks, after she retired from Oxford she was
delivered of a very fine boy (that lived & for ought I know may be
living still) to her unspeakable joy (he being Heir), after wct she con-
stantly every year sent the D^. a purse of Gold (as she had presented him
with one when he arose from her bed at Oxford) by way of gratitude &
respect, till such time as he discovered it (& the name of the Lady too,
as they sa}^ tho' I could never learn her name) after w^h she withdrew 40
her Benefaction & the D^. heard no more from her. He was buried
this Day in the afternoon in All Souls College chappell.

Aug. 6 (Tu.). Mr. Osbaldiston (nearly related to Sir W™ Osbaldiston,
Bart.), who is a chandler in Oxford, was born Ao 1695.

Aug. 6, 1728. H. to John Anstis (Diaries, 119. 117). Asks if he can
say what is become of the original of the Black Book ; also asks whether Scala



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