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P. S. Shesterikof.

Material for a flora of the southwestern part of Odessa district online

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BjiaroAapa cofttacTBiio^ Koiopoe oKaaajio mh* HoBopoccifi-
CKoe OdmecTBO EcTecTBOHcnHTaTejiefi, npeAOCtaBHBinee cpeftCTBa
jjia H3yqeHifl MtcTHofi pacTHTejiBBocTH, b-b 1890 — 91 rr. a
npeAnpHEfli'B^ BacROjibKo no3BOJLflJifl mob cjiyse^eufl odflaaHHocTH^
HtCKOJiBKo 9KCKypcitt HO H)ro-3anaAHOfl[ ^acTH OfteccKaro ytsAa,
pacnojioaeHHoft MeaK^y J^BtCTpoBCKHMt h THMryjibCKHMi jrHMana-
MH. TojiBKo Tenept. KorAa co^paHHuB MaTepiajit npHBeAefl'B Bt
HSB'bcTHOCTb, p'bBiaiocB oaydiBKOBaib nojiy^eBHue peayjLLTam.
HyatHo, o;i.HaKo, coaHanca, ^to BacToamaa pa(5oTa saMioqaerb
Bt ce^t ofl,HO jiBBiB nepeqacJieBie pacTHTeiBHHX'L ^^opMt, Kara
naSAeHHUX'b mhok) bo BpeMfl dKCKypci^^ xaE'B h hphboji.bmux'b no
jiHTepaTypHEiM'B BCTO^BBKaMii^ H H c^HTaD npea^A^BpeMeHHUM'b
AtiaTB, Ha ocflOBauin HMtromaroca y Mena nesHa^HTejiL-
naro Maiepiajia^ odu^ie bubo^h reodoTaHB^ecKaro xapauiepa
^^jiopt MscjiiAOBaHHOtt M-hCTHOCTH. Ho^JiaronpiaTHHa odcToa-
TejibCTBa He nosBOJiajiH mh*, k^ coacajitHiio, y^i.tJiaTb fl,ocTaTO^HO
BpeiieHH Ha Hsyqenie (i)JiopH Bcero yts^a^ npuxo^HJiocb aobojib-
CTBOBaTBca sHaROMCTBOM'B CB pacTHTOJibHOCTbK) OAHofi ^acTH ybs^a^
DFO-aanaAHofi^ tfjuisaMmefi ra Moeiiy H'bciosBTeJibGTBy, Aa h ca-
MHa 9KCKypciH npBxoAHJiocb AtjiaTb ypHBKaMH^ B-B BHA* Hadi-
roB'b. IIpH TaKHX'B ycjiOBiaxt a He Mori A^TajibHO oanaKOMHTbca
Cb 4^Jiopofi Aase BceB naii'bqeHHoM a^^^ BscJiiAOBama njion^aAH
ybsAa: MHoria MicTHOcxH a hh pasy He Hoc^THJLrb, ne tfes'B loro



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108 n. C. mECTEPHKOB^. 2

6u]Lo TaKffie a to, ^to npn nocntniHOCTH MHorin hs'b pacTenifi
MorM yCK0jB3HyTb on Moero BHHMaHia.



JiHTepaTypHHfl yKaaaHk o ^J^op* Bceft XepcoHCKofi rydep-
hIh, a BMiCT*- c^ HGH) H $jiopH 0;[;eccKaro ytsflia, OTHOCflTCu eme
K'B KOHity npomjiaro CTOJitria. •Hefl.e^yp'B, b'l cbocm'l oaccH^e-
CKOMt co^HHeniH « Flora Ilossica», OTHocaTejrtHo (j^JiopH Xep-
coHCKofi ry6., ccHJiaacb na HscjitAOBaHia, npoHSBeflienHHa KaKt
HM'L caMnM-b, TaKt H ero npeAinecTBeHHflKaMH, KaK'b , Gmelin,
Giildenstadt, Marschall von Bieberstein^ Clarke, Besser, Eichwald,
D'Urville, Bober, Lang, Szowitz, Meyer, Godet, Hasshagen,
Tardent h fl;p., KOTopae nep-bj^Ko tojibko npotsfl.oMt h mhmoxo-
fliOMt npHCMaTpHBaJiHCB Kt pacTHTeJibHOCTH, noKpHBaBBiett njio-
maftb ry^epniH, HacqaiHBaeT'b B-b hoM okojo 500 pacTHTCJib-
HMx-b BHAOBii, qTo cocTaBJifleT'b no^TH Vs ^^^^^ KOMqecTBa pac-
Tenifi no HatfjiDji.eHiflM'b nocjitfl,Hflro BpeMenH.

JtajibHifimifl yKasama o pacmTejibHOCTfl HHiepecymefi nacb
MtCTHocTH BCTptqaioTCfl wb coqHHOHiflx'b Mefiopa , HopAMa-
Ha, AHji,p3KieBCKaro, j];eMflii,0Ba, XpyciajieBa, Peraepa, Tep^a-
HOBCKaro H CTeBena, fl,aH)mHx'b ji,0B0JibH0 otphbo^hha h nenojiHHfl
yKasanifl OTHocHTOJibHO HtKOTopHx-b pacTenifi OBpecTHOCTefi 0;i,ec-
CH H ero ytsAa. B^b 1872 rosy r. JiHHAeiiaH'b BSAaa'b cPro-
dromus florae Chersonensis*, bt* KOTopoM'b CBei'b Bci na^jiro^e-
Hin, KaK'b CBOH CO^CTBeHHHH, TaKTi H CBOHXTi npeji;inecTBeHHHKOB'b,
KacaH)in,iflCfl pacTHTOJibHOCTH XepconcKofl rydepHin. IIo^th oji;ho-
BpeMeHHo Cb 9THM'b co^HHenieM'b JlHHfl;eMaHa noABHjiacb pa^oia
Rehmann'a cEinige Notizen Qber die Vegetation der n5rdli-
chen Gestade des Schwarzen Meeres*, Kacaiomaacfl (JoianHqe-
CKHXTi Bacji'bfliOBaHifi niKOTopHX'b MiCT'b XepcoHCKofi, Beccapad-
CKofi H noAOJibCKOfi ry^epnifi, a TaKxe Cpe;i;HHCKaro «MaTepiajiH
AM $jiopH HoBopoccificKaro Kpaa h Beccapa^in*, bt* KOTopofi
noMimeHH HiKOTopna yKaaanifl na pacTHiejibHOCTb nainefl MtCT-

HOCTH.

BoTb t4 fliaHHHfl, KOTOpHfl CJiySRHJIH HCTO^HlEKaMH ^M H3y-



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3 MATEPIAJIH ^JlA ^JlOVhl OAECCKAro Y^SJA. 109

^ma. $jiopH O^eccBaro yia^^a ko noaBieHia ;^pyraro, (Jojiie o({-
CToaTejLHaro Tpy^a J[iiH;i,eMaHa c Flora Chersonensis*.

Stot'b TpyftTi npeftCTaBJiaeT'B nat ce(Ja cboj.'b nowH Bctx-b
na^JiDA^Hltf^ KaKlH tojibko dujiH CA'bJntaHH ero npeAmecTBeHEnsa-
MH, ipyA'B TmaiejiBHO odpa^oiaHHHB h nonojiHeHHHfi KaKi co(J-

CTB6HHUMH HadjIIOAeHifllin^ TaK'B H HSCJI'bAOBaHillMH APyrHX'b JIHI^'b^
SaHHiaBBIMXCJI H3y^6Hi6M'B M'bCTHOB (j^JlOpH^ fl XOTH AaDHUtt B03-

MoanocTB AOBOJiBHo noApo^HO 03HaK0MHTLCfl Cb xapaKTepoM'B $10-
pH Bcefl XepcoHCBofi ry^epHin, ho saKJiD^aDn^lB bi ce^'b ho
TaK^ MHoro yKasaflitt na pacTETOJiBHOCTB OAeccKaro ytsAa^ raaB-
HUM'B odpasoM'B uoTOMy, ^To npH onncuBaeMUX'B paCTOHlflx'B^ hs'b
qncia Bcip'b^aDm.Bxcfl noA'B OAOCCofi, ne BceiAa npHBOAflTCfl co-
0TB'bTCTB6HHiiifl yKasanlfl na MicionaxosA^Hle hx'b; T'bM'B ne Henie,
OAHaRo^ npH yn'bjioM'b nojiBSOBaHlH coodn^aoMUMH CBiA'^HinMH^
TpyA'B r. JlHHAenaHa cocTaBjiaeTi n.tHBHfl BKJiaA'B b-b jiHTepaiy-
py 4^j[op£i Hauiero Kpaa. fiecBua n.'bflHHM'B naiepiajioM'B a^^hhcb
TaK»e cjiyjKaT'B iiacjiiAOBaHifl npo^^ec. DlMajiBrayaeHa, oT^aCTH
codnpaBinaro pacTenia b-b oKpecTHOCTax'b OAecCH h BBJiBO^HBinaro
CBOH Ha6jDL£)A6Hifl Bi BSAaEHHtt HM'B RanHTajiBHuB TpyA'B «$iopa
IOro-3anaAHoB Poccini, h H3CjitA0BaHia r. Ila^ocKaro, peayiB-
TaiH KOTopHxi npHBOAeHH HM'B Bi> cMaTepiajiax'B jl^m $JiopH
CTeneB K)ro-BocTOTOoB qacTH XepcoHCKoB rydepHin* h b'b
tDescriptio plantarmn novarum vel minus cognitarum gab.
Chersonensisi.

KpoMt nepe^HCJieHHaro BHme ne^aTaaro Maiepiajia a HMiJi'B
B'B CBOOM'B pacnopaaeniH, ((jiaroAapa jiiodeaHOMy coAtBcTBiio r.
JlHHAeMana, sa ^to h npHHomy eny moh) djiaroAapnoCTB, TaKate
eu^e ne nsAanHBia HM'B MHoronHCJieHnaa AonojiHenia b'b ero c Flora
Ghersonensisi, ROTopua b'b sHa^HTejiBHoB CTenenH B03BHinaH)rB

AOCTOHHCTBO OFO COqHHeHifl.

Ha pHAy CB MTepaTypHHMH HCToqnHRaMH $JiopH OAOCCRaro
ytsAa, ROTopHMH noj[B30Baica npn ea Hsyqeniw, a HMtji'B eme
B'B CBOOM^ pacnopaaeniH HedojiBiDifl ROJiJieRi^iH pacTenifl, codpan-

HHX'B Bl ORpeCTHOCiax'B OAeCGH rr. BoCCe, XMijieBCRHM'B^



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no n. C. inECTEPHKOBI>. 4

reptfaHOBCKHM'b^ oQKepe^KO h BocnnTaHHHKOM'B o^ec. peajiLH. yqn-
jiHn^a B. UonaHAonyjio^ a TaKase seaqHTejibiioe co^panie pacxe-
Hi8) HafiAOHHUx'b mhod bo Bpevfl dRcnypciM ea nion^a^ii j^djsfi,
3aKiK)qaH)i]](e8cfl Mes^y ^H'bcTpoM'b h TEiHryjioH'b.



MftCTHOCTB, B'B KOTOpoB fl np0K3B0;i;HJI'B CBOH HSCJltAOBaHia,

cnpaBa h cjiina rpannqHTt piKaiiH J^ntcipoM'B, codcTBerao J^at-

CTpOBCKHM'b JIHMaHOM'B CB 610 HpOTORaHH^ H THlHryj[0H1»^ Ha Jifi-

jieKoe npocxpancTBO pasjiBBinHMCJi JiHHaHOM'B; Ha H)r'6 ona rpaHH-
njiTh HopeM'b^ Ha c'bBep'b-se naaaH'bTHo cJiHBaeTCfl cb ocTaiBHOH)
njDioffl,aABH) DiHpoKO-pacKHHyBHiHxcfl XepcoHCBHX'B cienett. Bca

H'bCTHOCTB, TO paBHaH^ TO XOJ[MHGTaH<) B'B o6m,QWb HpeACTaBJIfleT'B

H6o6o3pHMyi) paBHHHy^ Kofi-rA'b npop'baaHHyH) daisaMH h onpara-
MH^ BOTopHfl Haio ^'bM'B HapyniaH)T*B yTOMHTOJiBHoe A^H rjiaaa
OAHoodpasie nycTUHH; 6cib sth dajisn HM'biOT'B nanpaBJieHie k^

60JIBniHM'B BO;i,OBM'bCTHJIHn^aM'B^ XOpD^ JEHluaHaM'B H p'bRaM'B, CJiy-

»a pycjiOM'B Aifl BOji.'B BO BpeMfl Taraia cntroB'B hjch npojiHB-
Hux^ AO»Ji.ett; BCitjCTBie ^obojibho SHaiHTeiBHaro naKiofla k^b
MopK) BceM njion^aAH yj^d^a^ Te^enie boah B'B dajiaax'B BOCBMa
({HCTpoe, CHJiBHoe, no^eny (Jepera Bxt HHorfl,a B'B SHa^HTejrBHofl
CTeneHH orojiaiOTCa; B'B ;i,pyroe-»e BpoMa roji,a hh ofl,Ha hs'b 6a-
JL0K1> He MoateT-B (Jhtb naaBana HHp-h^Kofl, he pyqBeiwB, ne cmo-
Tpa Ha to, ^to na ah* doji'fee jmhhhx'b hs'b hhx'b coxpanaeTca
nocTOflHHO fCTpHKeHB*, npeftCTaBJiiiDmitt npaBHiBHoe pycio bo

BpOMfl AOSBAOtt H nOlOBOABH.

Eas'B Bume saH'bqeHO rpaHBi^u nscji'bAyoMofi m^cthocth
OAeecKaro ytafta, opomaDTca Jl^HtcTpoM'B h THJinryjioM'B; KpoMt
Toro H caMaa njon^aAB MiCTHocTH npoptsHBaeTca ptKaMH h p-fe^-

KaMH^ BOTOpEia^ HanpaBJIflJICB R^B MOpK), B'B doJIBHTBHCTB'b ciy^aoB'B

He Bna^aioT'B B'B nero, a odpasyioT'B HHorAa aoboibho sna^HTeiB-
Hiie jEHMaHH; B'B Hscji'bAyoMofi HJion^aAH naxoAHTCfl cji^Ay^n^i^ ^^'
iMaHH : EyfliBHHn,Ritt, XaA3KH($eflcRitt, Ej[ettH%-JIndeHTajiBCRi8 (hjih
Gyxofi)^ Byj!jiEii](Rifi (ejut 6. AAsaiuARiS)^ rpsropBeBCRitt (hjdlh
H. A^sajiHiJ^Bifi) fl Gu^aBCRifi, a TaRse p^qsa Bapa($o8^ Tuny-



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5 MATEPIAIH JM ^JIOPH OJi;ECOKArO_y'B3Ji;A. HI

maaca na 90 Bepcrb h Bna^aiomaa nenoepej^CTBeHHo bi ^epnoe
Mope. Bcb nepe^HCJieHHHe jEHianH oi^'^JiflDTca oti Mopji iiec^aH-
HHMH HaHocaMH^ o^pasyDn^HHH AOBOJiBHo HHSMeHHoe npocipaHCTBO,
HasuBaeHoe «nep6CunflMn»; tfjiaroAapfl CBoeMy HH3M6HH0My noio-
sohIk)^ nepecuns nep^ARO bo Bpeiifl cajLhEUX'b BOJiHemK sajinBa-

IDTCa MOpCROtt BOAOS^ HponHTHBaBTCfl COJEBH) H EOCHTb AOBOJIBHO

OAHoo6pa3HuK^ He bocojihS xapaRxep'B; ocotfaro BHETManifl aacjiy-
SHBaeT'b^ ^JiaroAapfl CBoe8 BMEmnn^^ HHSMOHHoe npocTpanciBO
cociaBieHHoe m'b AByxT^ nepecnneffl KyajiLHHDiRaro h XaAan-
(JeMcRaro jnHnaHOB'b, cjiHBniHXCfl b'b OAHy 6oiL]iiyK) nec^anyH)
paBHHHy BasBaHHyi) no CBoeiiy xapaRiepy cIIepecHnbH)*; HeB^a-
jioR'b OT'B Hopn B'b 9Ty paBHHHy BAaoTCfl <lC6BaxoBa ropa», sa-
RaH^HBaion^aH cotfoio bhcotu^ j[esain;ifl MesAy A^W^ napajiiejibHo
HAy^HHu jiHMaHaMH^ EyajLbHHi^RHM'b H XaA^RHdeScRHH'b. Bepera
RaR'b jinMaHOB'b, laR'b h Mopa, do^th na BceM'b CBoeM'b npoifl-
3K6Hin Rpyiu n o^puBHCTU^ 3a HCRj[K)^eflieM'b nicROJibRHX'b nyn-
RTOB'b, ROTopHe npeACTaBMDT^ C060H) ycTbfl HanpaBJiHiomHxcfl

R'b HBM'b OBparOB'b.

IIo^Ba H3CJltAy©M0M MtCTHOCTH BOSA*, 3a HOMHOrHMa HCKJII)-

qeniflMfi, cocTOHT'b H3'b cyrMHHCTaro ^epH03eMa, cpeAHM ToimH-
Ha ROToparo ne (Jojte nojiyapmnna; B'b MtCTax^b, ta* oht^ Me-
Hte noABepKee^b npoii,eccy CMHBania, TOJini,HHa ero ntcROjibRo 60-
jite nojiyapmnHa, B'b Apyrnx'b-ste MtCTax'b^ noABopraron^Hxcfl cmh-
BaniH)^ CJioM qepHoaoMa ir TOflbme h b^ Ra^ecTBOHHOM'b OTHoine-
hIh xyate. Taia-b^ fa* 'lepnoseM'b CMHT^ hjih CMmROM'b TonoK'b,
odnaataeTCH riraa, cocTaBMH)in,afl 3A*Cb noAno^By, a H3'b noA'b
MHHH BHCTynaeT'b napyaty MaccaMH HSBecTHAR'b, Hfl^e KOToparo
jieataT'b cHOBa cjioh njioTHOtt tjihhh. Ilocjit qepH03eMa Handojite
pacnpocTpaneHHOK) 3Atcb no^BOB mo3kho ciHTaib necqanncTyH),
nepexoAflmyi) ho^th BcerAa B'b necoR'b; laRoro poAa no^Boio no-
RpHTH nepecbinB, 6epera Mopa a MManoB'b.



IIpHCMaTpHBaflCb R'b noRpHBaiomefl Hamy MtciHocTb pacTH-
TeibHOCTfl, HOJibSfl He npH3HaTb saBfiCHMocTH xapaRTepa ea on



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112 n. 0. niECTEPHKOBt. 6

o6in,aro OAHOodpaaia Tonorpa^^in m^cthocth, cbash ea cb no^Ben-
HHMH H KJiHMaTnqecKnnH OC066HHOCTOH spafl: 4^iopa Hscji'bji.y-
eMofl MtcTHOCTH THnHqecM CTennafl- o^HaKo n.tjBHHX'B HeipoHy-
THX'B CTenefi bi H3CJit;i;yeMofl ^acTH O^eccKaro yfeja h^t'l, 6jia-
roftapa tomj odcToaTejibCTBy, mo BCaKiM y;i,o6HH8 MoqeK'b seMjur
9KCOoaTflpyeTca ct ocoduMt CTapanieMt; ecJiH h ecTb b^b Kpat
CBO^oAHHfl MiCTa, Tji.'b npnpoji,Hafl pacTniejiLHOCTB coxpaHHiaCB

BO BC6tt CB0e8 nepBO^HTHOCTH^ TO 9T0 HMeHHO T'b, KOTOptlfl nO

GBoeiiy noioaceHiH) ho yAO^HU aah syjiBTypu, KaR'B nanp.^ (iajiRa,
OBparn, necM, cojioH^aKH h np. He Maioe BjiiflHie na pacra-
T6JIBH0CTB oRasHBaeTi sHa^MTejiBHo pasBHToe b^ Rpa'b csotoboa-
CTBo; CTonH, noM, BHroHH fl npoq. MtCTa, r^t nacoTCa ckot-b,
BMiCTO npHcyn^el hmi pacTHiejiBHocTH noRpHBasoTCfl TasHNH cop-

HEIMH TpaBaiHHy ROTOpHfl H6 HO^JlflJOTlCSL CROTOM'B, RaS'B Hanp.

Euphorbia, Carduus, Onopordon, Cirsium h t. n.

B^ odn^BH'B Hams ctenH cpaBHAiejiBHo ho 6oraT£i pacxH-
TejubHHMH ^^opuaMH^ TOJiBRo B'B ^ajiRax'B Aa o^piiBax'B 3aM'bqaeT-
cfl HtROTopoe pa3Hoo6pa3ie pacTHTeiBHOCTH, ho h sa^cb ona ne
OTinqaeTCfl ocodoHHOH) ho^hoctbh). JI^ssi nojiHott xapaRTopECTHRH

MtCTHOCTH CjtAy^T'B SaMtTHTB, ^TO JltCHOM paCTHTGJIBHOCTH, Bl

ea ecTecTBOHHOM'B bha*, b-b HscjitAyeMofi qacTH ytsAa ntT-B, aa
HCRjfDqenieM'B mdib rpoMaAHOtt pomn Me»Ay Fpocci- h KjibMh^-
JlHdeHTajieM'B, HocoMHtHHO flCRyccTBemaro HacaatAenia, a TaRate
njiaBHoS, noRpuTHx'B b'b nepoHeacRy cb RaMHmoM'B Bep6aHn k
ocoRopaMH. %o-»e Racaeica APyrnx'B jitcHHrB h caAOBHx^ na-
caffiA^Hift Ha saceaennHx^ Mtciax'B, to bc4 ohh HCRyccTBenHaro
npoHCxoacAOHia, pasBeAeHHsie pasHHHH BJ[aA'biBii;aMn, n M-bCTaMH,

OC066HHO B^JinSH OaBCCH HJIH HHUX^ G6I6Hi8, COCTaBJIflDrB RaR'B-
6U OAHH'B 06fflHpHUfi JDCbCB.

CBOeodpaSHHM'B XapaRTOpOM-B paCTHTeJIBHOCTH OTJHqaBTCfl co-

lonqaRH, pacnojioaceHHue Hea;Ay MopoM'B q ^OBaxoBoS ropofi;

ypOBOHB dTOii MiCTHOCTH MaJlO BOSBUBiaeTCH HaA'B ypOBHOH'B NO-

pfl^ a B'B H^ROTopux'B HibCTax'B ffissiQ HHSO ero; TaRoro poAaco-

^OHqaRH, HO MeHBmSX'B paSH'bpOB'B, BCXptqaDTCfl TaRS6 OROAO



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7 MATEPIAJIH MK MOPH OAECCKArO y^3;i,A. 113

Cyxaro jiHMaHa; na coioaqaKax^ nioTHoft coieHocM BCTptqawT-
cfl: Schoberia maritima, altissima h salsa, Halimocnemus cras-
sifolia H Volvox, Salicornia herbacea^ Halycnemum strobilaceum^
Echinopsilon hirsutus n np., Ha ORpannax'b dTnx'b cojioHqaKOB'b,
rftt no^Ba yase Menie nponniaHa cojibH), BCTptqafiOTCa Apyri«
nepexoAHHfl $opMH, KaK^b Hanp.^ Triglochin, Cyperus, Juncus,
Scirpus, Spergularia, Frankenia h MHoria APyria.

BojitraHMt qtM'b cojiOHqaBH pasfloodpasieMt OTMqaeTCH pac-
THTeisHOCTb aaiHBHaro ayra npn rpocc'b-JlH(5eHTait; no xapaK-
Tepy BCTptqa^mnxcfl xaM-L pacTenitt, KaKt Phragmitis, Typha,
Alisma, Lythrum, Juncus, Mentha h Ranunculus aquatica h
MHOMx'B ApyrHx-b, $jiopa axott MicTHOCM Bi sHaqHieibHott CTe-
nera OTMiaeTCfl oil ^Jiopu flipyrnx'b, cyxonyTHHX'b npoCTpancTB'b
ytsfta, HanoMHHafl co^ob njiaBHH, KOTOpuMH TaK'b Hso^HjiyiOT'b
HHsoBbJ! JI^H'bcTpa; noAO^HuS niaBHeBott njin, npaBHibH'be, 6ojio-
THCTHfi xapaKiep'b pacTHiejibHOCTH aaMtqaeiCH TaKase npn Ey-
fljEbHHKi, nanp., MeatAy CeBepHHOBKott h flHOBKofl, h jpyrnx-b
CTennux'b p'bqKax'b, HHor^a coBepraeHHo BHCHxaiomHX'b K'b koh-
^y jitTa.

TaKHM'b o6pa30Mi, ocodbTfl HHTepecb no KOJinqecTBy h pas-
HOo6pa3iH) pacienifi npeftCTaBJwioT'b aaMBHHe Jiyra npn Fpoccb-
JlfldeHTaj!* *), AHtCTpoBCKia niaBHH, orpoMHHa cxenHHa 6ajiKH
Moa&Ay cejieHiaMH HjibnHKoK, GeBepHHOBRoS, ShobboM h Apyi'HMH,
cojionqaKH y Mopa h jinManoB^b h nasoHeii'b, Bce qepnoMopcKoe
no6epe3Kbe.



C'b HacTynienieM'b BecHU nojia, CTenn h np., dbiBinie ao
Toro BCK) 3HMy noKpHTHMH CHt«HHM'b HOKpoBOMT*, npeo6pa3yiOTca;
OT'b AiScTBiH Bce BHine h BHme noAHMaiomarocfl cojiHn,a nocxe-
neHHO Hcqesaex'b Cb noqnu CHtacHHtt noKpoB^ n bmIjcxo Hero
noflBJiflBOxca pyqefiM h hoiokh; Ha nepBHX'b nporajiHHax'b noan-
jiaexca nepBHfi BecenHifi n.BtxoK'b — Colchicum bulbocodioides,



*) KoTopue, o^HaKO, ki KOH^y Jiixa nepecwxaroTi^AO HeyanaBae-

MOCTH. $JIOpy j^HtCTpOBCKHXt HJiaBHeft liwh HB yj^aiOCb HSCJlt^OBaXb.



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114 n. C. mECTEPHKOB^. 8

sai^Bixaion^ifi b's AB^^n.^THx'b ^nciax'b ^eBpajm* bcji'^a'^ sa Eim\
RorAa coiHue HaqHei'b chjibh^c npflrpiBaib h b^ BOSAyx'b yse
qyBCTByeTCfl AyHOBenie nepBaro BeceHHsro BiiepRa^ na jBJiasHeH-
Hott pascTaflBmHM'b CHtroH'B no^B'b B'b nso^EdH noABJiflDTCH xeji-
THfl rojiOBKH Leontice altaica, sai'bM'b bo MHoatecTBt Crocus
reticiilatnSn a BM'bcT^ cb hhhh n^p^AKa OAHHO^Hue dSseiinjiflpH
Gagea stenopetala Bot'b HecoMntHHHe nepBeHn;H naniett BecHH.

Bcivbji,i> sa HHMH^ K'b ROHuy Mapia, cpeAH RyCTapnnKOB'B
3a^BtTaI)T'b : Viola coUina h V. odorata, Scilla bifolia, Corydalis
solida, Veronica polita h V. hederifolia- noM b-b 9to Bpewii
noKpHBamcfl Ras'B cniroM'b MHoro^HCJieHHUMH dRsennMpaMn Thlaspi
perfoliatuni h Holosteum umbellatiim, BOSBHineHHHe, xomhcthg
MtcTa o6hjibho yctHsawTca penbamKOMt — Ceratocephlalus
orthoceras.

BjiaroTBopHHtt lenjiutt BeceHHiM aosab bi BHa^nTOJiBHOffi cie-
noHH coAMcTByoTt oKOHqaTOJiBHOMy npo6y»AeHiK) npHpoAw; BCJiiA'B
3a nepe^HCJieHHUMH Buine pacTeni^MH Ha^HnaDT'b noflBjiflTBca:
Adonis vernalis, Glechomg, hederacea, Veronica triphylos, Erophi-
Ua vulgaris, Erodium cicutarium^ Iris pumila, Myosotis stricta,
Muscari palens h M. racemosa^ Lamium amplexicaule h L.
purpureum, Arabis auriculata, Viola tricolor, Cerastium triviale,
Androsace maxima h elongata, bhah Alyssum, Lithospermum
arvense, Capsella bursa pastoris h C. procumbens, Sisymbrium
Sophia, Chorispora tenella, Potentilla cinerea, pasHHe ajrao h
np. np. ^poBecHaa pacTHTOJiBHOCTB T0»e HeweAJHT'B: Salix's h
TonoM odnjiBHO noKpHBaiOTca BHcaqHMH cepeatsaMH u.BtTOB'B, oc-
TaiBHue— nocieneHHo pasBopTHBaBT^ cboh noqra.

TaRoe MaccoBoe no^BJieHie paciHTOJiBHocTH npoAOi[:KaeTCA
BMOTB Ao Ha^aaa BTopofl hojiobhhh Mas; b^ 9to BpoMa nojia^
jyra, cienH h np. npeACTaBjiawT'B nai ce6fl cnjioniHofi HsyMpyAHO-
sejieeuM ROBop'B cb necTptK)iii,HMn Ha hom^b pasHOoCipasHux'B Rpa-
coKi> u^'bTaMH; H'bTi>, RaaseTCA, HnrA'b RJioqRa somjih ne noRpn-
Taro pacTeHiflMH. Ki Ronny jam nacTynaiOT'B nepBHO npH3HaRH
{"bTa : B'B pacTHiejiBHocTH 3aM:bqa6TCfl HiKOTopaa nepeMtoa bcji'^a-



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9 MATEPIAJIH JLAK ^JIOPH OJtECCKArO y^SM- 116

CTBie npoAOJia&HTejibHOtt cyxocTS; dBiTHM^ laK'b pa^oBaBinafl B3opi>
fesyispyAHaji sejienb bcchh Ha^HHaeT'L nocieneHHo npHHHHaTB sei-

TO-KOpH^HeBHfi OTTtHOKt; 9T0 ^pOHCXO;^Hrb BCJltACTBie Toro, -^TO

H^ROTopHfl pacTeHifl R'b Haqajiy I'bTa nponsBOAflT'b niOAH n c^-
MHHa^ KOTopHe^ coaptoafl^ iipHHHMaDT'b BHaqaji'b acejiraff, a saT^M'b
RopHqHeBHffi i^b^^t'l; tojibro M'bcTa, san^nn^eHHUfl ot^ coj[Hii,6ne-
KOBi H H3cyinaH)in,?x'b BtTpoB'b, a Tanse yjii^pacHBason^fl wb ce6t
ji;ocTaToqHO BJiam^ coxpan^KT'B b'b CBtaecTH sejieHL noKpHBaB-
n^eS noqBH e bi> to BpeHfl, RorAa noM H cienfl BuacHraDxcfl
coj[Hi];6H'L, 6ajiRn h oBparH^ a laRse njiaBHiE, sajiHBHHe Jiyra^
coaonqaRH H T. n. Mtcia ein,e MoryTi npHBjie% BHHManie (JoTa-
HH3Hpyi)maro ^aace bt* Teqenie Bcero SHoflnaro itTa.

TaROBt xapaRTepi MtCTHocTff to9 qacTH 0;i,eccRaro yba^a,
rji,* a npoH3BOAHJ['b cboh H3CJi'bA0BaHia; Bt o^men'L— 9to (JesRO-
He^Hafl^ desjE'bcnafl paBHHna^ cienB^ ne^oraTafl pacTiiTejibHHMH
4)opMaMfl^ n qacTO BU^RxeHHafl naJifln^HMH jiyqawH cojDLHn;a bjek
BHtft^HHaa iiacymHMCfl crotom'b, npe^CTaBiaeT'L mi> ce6fl nenpn-
iJi^AnyK) RapTHHy; odompEHfl npocipaHCTBa saRflTUfl xjitdHiiMn
nocbBann vajio Hapyina£)T'L o6n^iM yHUJiufi xapaRTep'b CTenn; 06-
HaKeHHUfl OT'b CHHTaro xjDi'b^a ohh eiii,e HeH'be npnBjieRaTejiBHfii
HtM'L CTenB, noRpHTaa oAHoodpaanofl pacTHTeatHOCTBD.



B'B 3aRJiH)qeHie upHBoaty chhcor'b Ttx'B coqaneHifl^ b'b ro-
TopBix'B 3aRj[ioqaH)TCfl CB^A'^Hlfl RaR'B ^^jiop'b Bcett XepCOHCROtt
ry6., TaR'B n HHTepecyH)mett nacB qacTH Ofl;eccRaro ybs^a, roto-
pHH nocjiyatHJiH mh* j^jlh ciipasoR'B npB HsyqeniH MtCTHOtt pa-

CTHXeJIBHOCTH.

AndprnieecHiu A. Jl. BoTannqecRifi oqepR'B M-hCTHOCTett, Jieata-
10,11X1 MesAy ByroM-B h JI^ntCTpoM'B on p. 36pyqa fto
%pHaro Mopii. (3anHCRH 06m,. Ceji. X03. H)»h, Poc.
1855 r.).

Bertholdy Job, Catalogus herbarii Bertholdiani^ Flora taurica-
odessana - bessarabica etc. secundum opus a Steveni
«Ver5$eichniss etc.* et Beichenbaohi «Floram ger-



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116 n. C. mECTEPHKOBI>. 10

manicaiu etc.*. (PyKonHCHaa TeTpa;^Ka wb dndjiioTeKt

HoBopocciHcKaro jHHBepcHTeTa).
Besser IV. Enumeratio plantaruin hucusque in Volhynia, Po-

dolia, gub. Kioviensi, Bessarabia cis-tyraica et circa

Odessam collectarum. Vilnae. 1822.
XpycmaJlee^ fl. Mchha jepeBba XepcoHCEott ryd. (3an. 0, C.

X. H). P. 1846).

— Hc^HcieHie paCTenift jitKapcTBeHHHx'L^ KpacHJibHHxi» h
BOo6me ToproBHX'b, naxoAflmffxca bt* jhbom'b coctoh-
nin B'b XepcoHCKofi rydepnin (SanncKH 0, C. X. K).
P. 1847 r.).

Demidoff A. Voyage dans la Russie meriodinale et la Crimde

1842. Tom. IL
Eichwald. Naturhistorische Skizze von Lithauen, Volynien,

und Podolien. 1830.
repGaHoecH/u X. Oropoji,HHqecTBO b-b oKpeCTHOCTflX'b OAeccH.

(TpyAH BojL. 9eoe. 0(Jm. 1850 r. Jfe YI).
Lang A. F. lUiistratio plantarum herbarii florae ruthenicae,

sistens rationem specierum novarum, minus cogni-

tarum aliarumve per centuriam priraam distributa-

rmn. (Regensb. Botanisch. Zeitung. 1827. Beil. III).
Ledebour C. Flora Rossica. Vol. I — IV Stuttgartiae.

1842 -53.
Lindemann E. Prodromus Florae Chersonansis. (3anHCKH

HoBopoc. 06m. EcTOCTB. 1872 r.).

— Flora Chersonensis Vol I — II. (Sannc. HoBopoc.
0(Jm. EcTecTB. T. YI, 1881 r.).

Marschall von Bieberstein. Flora taurica-caucasica. 1808 — 19.
Meuep^ A. EoBtCTBOBaTejEbHoe, aeMieMipnoe h ecxecTBeHHoe onn-

canie oqaKOBCKott aewjiH. 1794 r.
Hop^MaHH^ A. OnHCanie HMnepaTopcKaro ofl,eccKaro cafl;a h

BSMflA'b Ha pacTHTeiBHHa H KJiBMaTOTecKifl OTHomeHifl

oKpecTHocTott Ofl,eccH. (3anHc. 0. 0. X. K). P. 1847 r.

Jfe XXIY).



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U MATEPIAJTH' W-ff ^JIOPH OJECCKArO Y'h^J^JL 117

navocHiO I. OnHcanie hobhx'b eih HaioHSB^CTHHX'b pacTeniS

XepcoHCKott ry^epHin. (3anHC. KieB. 0(Jin;. EcTecTB.

T. X).
— MaTepiajui a^a (|)iopH CToneB loro-BOCToqaofi qacxn

XepcoHCKoft ryd. (Saiwc. Kien. 06m. EcTecTBOHCnHi.

T. XI).
Rehmann A. Einige Notizen fiber die Vegetation der nOrdli-

chen Gestade des Schwarzen Meeres. (Verhandlun-

gen des Daturforschenden Verein in Brttnn, Bd, X).
Pe^Hep^. H'bcKOJiBRo saM^qamtt o caAOBOACTBib h i^B'bTOBOACTBt

Bi OBpecTHocTMt OAeccH. (3anH6. 0. C. X. H). P.

1850 !•).
lUMaJlb^ay3eH^ //. 0. $jiopa H)ro-3anaAHoB PocciH KieB's, 1886 r.
OpeduHCH/u H. MaiepiaJTH a^^ (|»Jiopu HoBopocciHcsaro Bpa)i n

Beccapa6iH. OAecca, 1872—73.
Steyen Chr. Verzeichniss der auf der taurischen Halbinsel

wildwachsenden Pflanzen. (Bull. d. 1. Soc. des Natur,

de Moscou. 1856, Xs II, III, lY, 1857, J6 II, III).
Tar dent Ch, Catalogue des pi antes qui croissent naturellement

en Bessarabie et aux environs d'Odessa. (Essai sur

I'histoire naturelle de la Bessarabie. Lausanne


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Online LibraryP. S. ShesterikofMaterial for a flora of the southwestern part of Odessa district → online text (page 1 of 11)