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Quarterly Statement

- Palestine Exploration Fund

Palestine Exploration Fund



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PALESTINE
EXPLORATION FUND.



Patron— THE QUEEN.

Quarterly Statement

FOR 1884.



LONDON:
SOCIETY'S OFFICE, i, ADAM STREET, ADELPHI,

AND BY

RICHARD BENTLEY & SON, 8, NEW BURLINGTON STREET.



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"LOVVOV :
BAKBI80K AUD BOVS, PKIKTltUS IN OBl>IllABr TO HER MAJBSTT,

ST. m^btin's lake.




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INDEX.



Abstract of Bcientifio resnlts &om expedi-
tion of 1883-84, 160.
Akabah to the Dead Sea, 209.
Antiquitiee of Palestine in London, by

C. Clermont-Qanneaa, 222.
Arabah, The WAdy, 114, 209, 221.
" As thou comest unto Zoar," bj H. Chiy

Trumbull, D.D., 250.
Biblical research, Recent, by Sir Charles

Wilson, 44.
Ccsarea, The destruction of, 147.
Osnaan, The future of, by Key. H. G.

Tomkins, 54.
Carmel, The Khurbets of, by Laurence

Olipfaant, 80.
Oonder, Captain, Notes, 18, 240.
Darid, City and tomb of, by Her. W. F.

Birch. 77, 196.
Disc stones, by Captain Conder, 29.
Egypt, M. Masperu's work in, 141.
Egyptology and the Bible, by Rer. H. O.

Tomkins, 54.
Emmaus, by P. Meems, 87.
Exodus, The route of the, by J. Baker

Greene, 230.
Oadaras, Two or one P By Selah Merrill,

237.
General committee, Meeting of, 150.
Uamathite and Egyptian, by Captain

Conder, 18.
Hebrew inscriptions, by Ret. E. Flecker,

82.
•*HethandMoab,"15.
Hiding-places in Canaan, by Rer. W. F.

Birch, 61.
Hittite geography, by Captain Conder, 19.
Hon, Professor, Abstract of ResulU, 160.
„ „ Letters, 82.

„ ,^ Relations of land and sea

in Isthmus of Suex,
137.



Inscriptions, False and genuine, by C

Clermont- Ganneau, 89.
Jaul&n, Notes on, by Laurence Olipbant,

167.
Jerusalem of the Kings, by Captain

Conder, 20.
Jerua&lem, Pre-exilio, by Prof. Sayce, 171.
„ „ by Rey. W. F.

Birch, 76.
Judah and Benjamin boundary, 181.
Kadesh, I, by Rev. Dr. Clay Trumbull, 176.

„ II, by Prof. HuU, 257.
Kitchener, Letters from Major, 186, 202.
Land and sea in Isthmus of Suez, at the

time of the Exodus, by Prof. Hull,

137.
Nameless city, The, 144, 51.
Nebuchadnezzar, Inscriptions of, by C.

Clermont- Ghemneau, 86.
Notes and news, 1, 101, 145.
„ from the Jaul&u, 167.
Olipbant, Laurence, on the Jaul&n, 167.
Pilhtr or garrison ? 143.

„ „ „ by Captain Conder, 30.
Sepulchre of Shebna, 178.
Scientific results of Prof. HuU's expedi-
tion, 160.
Shebna, Sepulchre of, 178.
Shiloah, The waters of, by Rer. W. F.

Birch, 75.
Suez to Akabah, 202.
Syrian archseology in 1881, by C. Cler-

mont-Ganneau, 187.
Tell Abu Hareireh to Ismailia, 215.
The Siloam inscription, by Rer. S. Bes-

wick, 255.
Wilson, Col. Sir Charles, Notes on Mr.

Holland's last journey, 4.
Zion, Site of, by Prof. Sayce, 248.



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EBBATA.

1883. Page 158, line 28. For Sam. zx, read Sam. lix.

1884. „ 156, „ 25. Jbr Leedfl, fAzi Leek.
,, 159, „ 81. OnUt Mount.

„ 198, „ 25. For io, read of.



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THE



PALESTINE EXPLORATION FUND:

A SOCI ETY F OB THE ACCXJRATB AND SYSTEMATIC INVESTiaATIOIf
OF THE ABCH^OLOOY, THE TOPOGRAPHY, THE GEOLOGY
AND PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY, THE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS OF
THE HOLY LAND, FOR BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATION.



PATBON :

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN.

OENEBAL COMMITTEE:



ARCHBISHOP OF
H. W. AcLAHD, Ebq., F.R.S.
WiLUAM Adamb, Esq., C.E.
H.E.H. Thb Dttke op ALBAirr.
Bit. W. LnmsAT Alexanpeb, D.D.
Bit. Hekbt Ailon, D.D.

XhB PBBSIDEirT OP THS AmBBIOAK ASSO-
CIATION.

W. Amhxtbst T. Amhebst, Esq., M.P.

Bit. Joseph Airons, D.D.

IhTEB OP Abotll, K.T.

Edwabd Atktksof, Esq., F.R.C.S.

Jaxss Batehav, Esq., F.R.S., F.L.S.

Bey. £. Bioebbsteth.

Biv. Caitoit Bibch.

SAifUEL Bibch, Esq., LL.D., D.C.L.

Bet. W. F. Biboh.

Bet. H. M. Bittleb, D.D.

Mabquis op Bute, K.T.

Baex op Cabkabvov.

loBD Ettstacb Cecil.

T. Chaplih, Esq., M.D. {Eon, Sec, for

Jenualem),
Bishop op Chesteb.
Deak op Chesteb.
I>iAK op Chbistchttbch.

LOBD AlpBED CHUBOHHiIte

LoBD Clebmont.
J. D. Cbace, Esq.
Captaik C. R. Condbb, R.E.
Majob-Gehebal Cooke, C.B., R.E.
Oekebal Sib John Cowell, KCB.
JoHK CuNLippE. Esq.
DrxE OP Detonshibe, E.G., F.R.8.
WiLLiAK Dickson, Esq., F.R.8.E.
Kabl op Ducib.
Pborssob Donaldson.
Eabl op Dxtppebin, K.P., E.C.B.
Bishop op DrBHAii.
F. A. Eaton, Esq.

8. Jackson Eldbidob, Esq., R.B.M.*9
Conml-Oeneral, Beyrout,



YORK, President

Gen. Sib Howabd Elphinbtoke, K.C.B.

Bishop op Ezetbb.

Abchdeacon Fabbab, D.D.

Jambs Fbbousson, Esq., F.R.S.

A. Lloyd Fox.

iH. W. Fbebland, Esq.

DoTTOLAs W. Fbbshpibld, Esq.

M. C. Clebmont-Gannbau.

F. Watmouth Gibbs, Esq., C.B.

Rev. C. D. Ginsbttbo, LL.D.

James Glaishbb, Esq., F.R.S. (Chair*
man of the Executive Committee),

Cybil C. Gbaham, Esq., C.M.G.

Sib Gbobgb Gboyb, D.C.L.

Majob Gbovbb, R.E.

Rev. H. Hall-Houohton.

H. A. Habpeb, Esq.

Rev. J. C. BLabbison.

Olivbb Hbywood, Esq.

The Right Hon. A. J. B. BEBESPOBDt
Hope, M.P., LL.D.

Sib Joseph D. Hookeb, E.C.S.I.

Holman Httnt, Esq.

Capt. H. H, Kitcheneb, R.E., F.R.G.S.

E. H. Lawbbncb, Esq.

RiOHT Hon. Sib A. H. Layabd, K.C.B.

Sib F. Leighton, P.R.A.

Gbn, Sib J. H. Lbfboy,C.B., K.C.M.G.

Pbopesbob Haytbb Lewis.

Bishop op Lichpield.

Dean op Lichpield.

Bishop op Livbbpool.

Samuel Lloyd, Esq.

Lieut. -Col. Locock, R.E.

Bishop of London.

Rev. a. LOwt, D.D.

Rev. Fbopessob Lumbt, DJ).

John MacGbbgob, Esq.

W. McAbthub, Esq., M.P.

D. Mao Donald, Esq.

R. B. Mabtin, Esq., M-P.



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General Committee (continued).

Hbnby Maudslat, Esq.

Sis Mosxb Moktbfioeb, Babt.

NoBL Tbmplv Moobb, Esq., ff.BM,*^

Comulf Jerusalem.
Samitbl Moblbt, Esq., M.P.
Waltbb Mobbisok, Esq. (Treasmrer),

JOHK liUBBAY, ESQ., F.B.G.S.

Sib Chablbs Nioholsok, Babt.

"Dttke of Nobthuhbbblakd.

Dbak op Nobwioh.

Lattbbkob Olifhakt, Esq.

Admibal Sib Ebasmxts OMMAinrBr.

Pbopbssob Owbk, C.B.,F.B.S.

Bbv. Pbop. Plumptbb.

Bbt. Pbop. Pbitohabd, F.B.S.

Thb Pbbsipbvt, Qitbbn'b CoiXEaB,

Bblpast.
Bby. Pbop. BAWLnrsoir.
Hbvbt Bbbvb, Esq., O.B.
Mabquib op Bipok, E.g.
Bishop op Bipon.
Bishop OP Bochbstbb.
Bb. Sakdbbozkt.
Thb Bight Hov. thb Eabl op

Habbowbt.
Sib Albxbt Sassoov, CS.I.



Bbv. Pbop. Satcb.

LoBD Hbnby J. li. D. Soott, If.P.

Eabl op Shaptbsbuby, E.Q-.

VlSOOirKT SlDMOlTTH.

William Sdcpbon, Esq., F.B.G.S.
William Smith, Esq., LL.D.
Majob B. W. Stbwabt, B.E.
Bby. Johk Stouohtof, D.l).
Bbv. W. J. Stbacby.

DcnCB OP SnTHBBLAND, E.G.

E. Thomas, Esq., F.B.S.

William Tippikg, Esq.

Bbv. Cahon Tbistbam, LL.D., F.B.8.

Hebb C. W. M. Van db Vbldb.

W. S. W. Vaitx, Esq., P.B.S.

Thb Mabquis db Yootti.

Lirut.-Col. Sib Chablbs Wabbbv,

K.C.M.a., B.E.
Dban op Wbstminstbb.
DuKB OP Wbstminstbb, KG.
CJoL. Sib O.W. Wilson, K.O.M.G., C.B.,

B.E., F.B.S., LL.D.
Bishop op Winchbstbb.
W. Alsis Wbioht, Esq., LL.D.
Bbv. William Wbioht, D.D.
Col. Hbnby Yulb, C.B., B.E.



EXECUTIYE COHMITTSE.
Chmrman^-JAMES GLAISHEB, Esq.



J. D. Cbaox, Esq.
F. A. Eaton, Esq.
Bbv. C. D. Ginsbubo.
Sib Gbobob Gbovb.
H. A. Habpbb, Esq.
Pbopbbsob Haytbb Lewis,
libut.-cjol. looook, b.e.
John MaoGbbgob, Esq.



Waltbb Mobbibon, Esq.
William Simpson, Esq.
Bbv. Canon Tbistbam.
W. S. W. Vaxtx, Esq.
Sib Chas. Wabbbn.
Sib C. W. Wilson.
W. Aldis Weight, Esq.



Bankers— 'hiEWiu, Couttb and Ck>., 69, Stmnd. Thb Union Bank op Lovdoh*
Charing Cross Branoh, 66, Chttring Cross.

T^easwer^WALTEE. MoBBisoN, Esq.
Secretary— Waltvr Bbbant, Esq. Office, 1, Adam Street, Adelphi, W.C.



Cheques and P.O. Orders payable to order of Walter Besant, Esq. It is parHmUarfy
requested that all cheques and orders may be crossed to Coutts and Co. Post Office
Orders maj be made payable at Charing Cross.



NOTE.— The Prioe of the ''Quarterly Statement" is Half-a-
Crown. It is sent free to all Subscriben of Half-a-Gnineft
and upwards.



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CONTENTS.



Page

N0TB8 AVD News. 1

KOTX8 TO ACOOMPAVT A MaP OP THE LATE BbY. F. W. HoLLAITD's
JOUBITBT PBOM NUKHX TO 'AtBT KaDSIS, JsBBL KAaSAH, AWD ISMAIUA.

Bt Colonel Sib CaABLBE W1L8OF 4

« HeTH AHD MOAB." 15

By Oaptaik Ooin>^ B.E. —

1. HaKATHITE AND EOTPTIAV 18

2. Hittite Q-eoobaphy 19

8. Jbbtt8albm;op THE Knras 20

4. Disc Stones . . 29

6. PiLLAB OB 0ABBI8ON P 80

The Khub^ts ov Cabxel. Bt Lawbenoe Oliphant • • . * . . 80
Beoent Biblioal Beseaboh in Palestine, Sybia, and Abia Minob.

By Ck)L0NEL Sib C. W. Wilson 44

The Nameless City, and Saul's Joubney to and fbom it. By

H.B.S.W 61

Boyptolooy and thb Bible. By Bey. H. G. Tomkins 54

The FoBTBESs OF Canaan. By Bey. H. G. Tomkins 57

By Bey. W. F. Bibch—

1. Hiding-Plaoes in Canaan 61

2. Notes ON Pbs-exilio JsBUBALEM 70

8. The Watebs op Shiloah (ob the Aqxteditct) that eo softly 75

4. The City of Dayid and Jobephus 77

Hebbbw Insobiptions. By E. Fleoeeb 82

The Site of Bmmaub. By P. Meabns 83

Two Insobiptions of Kino Nebuchadnezzab on Lebanon. By Ch.

Clebmont-Q-anneatt 85

Genitine and False Insobiptions in Palestine. By Ch. Clebmont-

Ganneav 89



LECTUBES BY HEBB TENZ.



Mb. Tbnz giYes Lectures, in public and priyate, on " Andent Jerusalem.'*
Bis Lectures are illustrated by a large model of the city at the time of the
siege by Titus. His model has been twice exhibited by tbe Palestine Ezplora-
tioii Society at the Dudley GhhUeiy. The size of the model is 6 feet by 5 feet,
and is oonstmoted for easy eonyeyance.

Address —

HEBB T. M. TENZ,

Wtlnulow, near Afanchester.



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PUBLICATIONS OF THE SOCIETY.



1. The Survey of Western Palestine. Price Twenty Guineas,

consisting of the following : —

1. The Great Map of Western Palestine, in 26 sheets, with

portfolio, index sheet and title page. Price to Subscribers,
Two Guineas ; to the general public, Three Guineas.

2. The Memoirs, in three volumes, fully illustrated.

3. The Name Lists, in one volume, in Arabic and English.

4. The Special Papers, in one volume.

5. Researches in Jerusalem, with a Portfolio of Plans and

Drawings.

6. The Flora and Fauna of Western Palestine.

2. The Reduced Map of Western Palestine (Modem).

Price to Subscribers, including carriage, 65. 6d. To Non-
Subscribers, 12«. 6d,

3. The Redaced Map of Western Palestine, with the Water

Basins laid on. By Trelawxey Saunders. Price to Sub-
scribers, 75. 6d.

4. The Redaced Map of Western Palestine, for the Old

Testament. By Trelawney Saunders. 6*. 6rf.

5. The Redaced Map of Western Palestine, for the New

Testament. By Trelawnet Saunders. Bs. 6d.

6. An Introdnction to the Sorvey of Western Palestine.

By Trelawnet Saunders. 8vo. Price 7«. 6d.

7. Heth and Moab. By Captain Conder, R.E. Price 125. Qd.

To Subscribers, 8*.

8. Tent Work in Palestine. Cheap Edition. 75. 6d.

9. Recovery of Jerusalem. I65.

10. Our Work in Palestine. 35. 6d



For conTenience of travellers and for libr&ry purposes, an arrangement has
been made with the agent, Mr. Edward Stanford, for mounting the smi^U maps.
He undertakes to mount them on strong cloth, and to place them in a oaso for
the bookshelf or for travelling. The map in this form will be charged lis. 6d,
a oopj, carriage paid, to subscribers, and ISs, 6d. to non-subscribers, who must
address the agent. For hanging purposes, he will supply the maps on mahoganj
rollers at 16s, 6d. for subscribers, and 24f. for the general public. He will
make special arrangements if desired for a more expensive mode of mounting.



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QcABTEBLT Stitemknt, Janhabt, 1884.]



THE

PALESTINE EXPLORATION FUND



NOTES AND NEWS,



The G^logical Expedition wliicli was annotuiced in the October number of
the Quiirterly Statement has been successful! j despatched. Professor Hull took
leave of the Committee on the 18th October, and started on the 19th, accom-
panied bj his son, Dr. Gordon Hull, and by two volunteers, Mr. Henry Hart
and Mr. Reginald Lawrence. The services of Mr. George Armstrong, who has
been employed in the Survey of both Eastern and Western Palestine, were secured,
and he follc/wed the party by way of Southampton and GKbraltar, Professor
HuU going by way of Venice. At Cairo they were joined by Captain Kitchener,
BJS. The arrangements for the expedition were entrusted to Messrs. Cook &
Son. Everything was found ready on the arrival of the party : they left Suez
on November lOthf ^d Ayun Musa on the 11th.



It was impossible to receive any intelligence from them for some weeks ; that
is to say, until they should be near enough to Jerusalem to send a message. The
disastrous news from the Soudan, and Suakim, which would probably be learned
by the Sinai tribes very quickly, caused some anxiety, lest there should be an
outbreak of fanaticism. It was therefore with great satis&otion that a telegram
was received on December 19th, to the effect that the party were quite safe
within thirty miles of the Dead Sea, and that the expedition so for had been
perfectly successful. This is, at present, all that is known.



It is, however, now clear that the estimate of the cost, to include the
publication of results, set down in the October number of the (Quarterly
Statement at £2,000, was a good deal under the maerk. As the whole of this
amount will have to be met in the early part of the year, subscribers are
oitreated to forward their subscriptions as soon as possible. As in all previous
expeditions, it is hoped to present a popular report of the whole in the Quarterly
Statement, r^^ntS^ Jbho^ientific part, which will probably prove voluminous,
f or «eparaWl^%fli^ \




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2 NOTBS AND NEWS.

At the last moment, this number of the Quarterly Statement has been delajed
in order to allow the insertion of two papers bj M. Clermont-Ghinneaa, which
appeared in the Timee of 26th and 27th December ; one on two newly-found
inscriptions of Nebuchadnezzar, and the second containing a full and InstmctiTe
exposure of the forgeries sjstematicallj carried on in Jerusalem.



Captain Conder has completed his memoirs and drawings of the Surrey of
Eastern Palestine, and placed the whole in the hands of the Committee. The
form of publication is not yet decided. The drawings include special plans of
Amman and Arak-el-Emir, and, among other things, some hundreds of sketches
of the remarkable rude stone monuments which he found in the country.



His book, " Heth and Moab," forming the popular account of the expedition,
was issued in November, and has, so far, done Teiy well. Extracts from the work
will be found in the body of this number.



Canon Tristram's " Flora and Fauna " is completely printed, and the plates
are being^ coloured. It will be issued early in March.



Sir Charles Warren's "Jerusalem" is also nearly ready. It contains,
besides an account of his own excavations, a paper by Captain Conder on the
history of the architectural monuments in the City ; an account by the same
officer of the excavation work in Jerusalem before and since Sir Charles
Warren's work ; and an account of M. Clermont-0anneau'8 work in 1874-6.
The plans and drawings to accompany it have been drawn on sixty large sheets
in a portfolio.



These new volumes, with the portfolio, will complete this great and important
work, which has been so long in hand. There are still some copies lefb, and the
Committee beg to inform their friends that a circular can be had stating the
contents of the work and the reduction on the published price of twenty
guineas which they can ofEer to libraries and subscribers. It must be understood
that this work will not be reprinted, and that it is by far the greatest and most
important work ever done for Palestine. It is desired, above all, that the remain-
ing copies should find their way into libraries where they will be accessible to
all.



The only authorised lecturers for the Society are —

(1) The Rev. Henry Geary, Vicar of St. Thomas's, Portman Square. His
lectures are on the following subjects :—

The Survey of Western Palestine, as illustrating Bible History.

Palestine East of the Jordan.

The Jerusalem Excavations.

A Bestoration of Ancient Jerusalem.



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N0TB8 AlO) NSWa 3

(2) The Bey. James King, Vicar of St. Kary's, Berwick. Hit fubjecU are
at follows : —
The Survey of Western Palestine,.
Jerusalem..
HieHittitei*
The Moabite Stone and othw monuments*.



The income of the Society, from September 19th to December 12th inolnslTe,
amounted in all, including subscriptions, lectures, and payment for maps,
memoirs, and publications, to £819 1«. Sd, Of this the sum of £86 7«. Od. was
specially appropriated to the Geological work.



It is suggested to subscribers that the safest and most conTonient manner
of paying subscriptions ii through a Bank. Many subscribers have adopted this
method, which removes the danger of loss or miscarriage, and renders unneoes-
Muy the acknowledgment by oflldal'receipt and letter.



Subscribers who do not receive the QuarUrUf Statemmt regulariy, are asked
to send a note to the Secretary.. Ghreat care is taken to forward each number
to all who are entitled to receive it, but changes of address and other causes
give rise occasionally to omissions.



While desiring to give every publicity to proposed identifications and other
theories advanced by officers of the Fund and contributors to the pages of the
QuarUrUf Staiementf the Committee wish it to be distinctly understood that
by publishing them in the Quarterly Stat^tftent they neither sanotion nm* adopt
them.



B 2

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NOTES TO ACCOMPANY A MAP OF THE LATE



m



NOTES TO ACCOMPANY A MAP OF THE LATE REV.
P. W. HOLLAND'S JOUBNEY FROM NUKHL TO 'AIN
KADEIS, JEBEL MAGRAH, AND ISMAILIA.

The following brief account of a portion of the Rev. F. W. Holland's last
journey in the desert has been compiled from his field not^ which have
been kindly placed at my disposal by Mrs. Holland. The journey waa
a remarkable one ; it was boldly conceived, and no less boldly carried I
to a successful issue. To those who did not know the man, his extra- ^^^1;
ordinary powers of endurance, his firmness and earnestness of purpose, t^O
and his power of winning the confidence of the Bedawin, the feat which !^ ^ ^
he performed must seem almost incredible. I have rarely met any one ^~
who possessed in so high a degree those sterling qualities which win not N^' t;
only the respect, but the esteem of savage racea Khawaja Hulhul, as he J \ ^
was familiarly called, was a welcome guest in every Arab tent, and it will T\ ^*

be many years before he is forgotten by the wild children of the desert t.^

whose good qualities he had learned to appreciate during his solitary/^
wanderings in the peninsula of Sinai. ^/

Leaving Evesham on the 21st March, 1878, Mr. Holland reached Suez |2| '
on the 29th. The 30th was occupied by an excursion to the Bitter Lakes, *-^«^
and on the 31st he started into the desert with only three Arabs and three
camels. Mr. Holland dressed and travelled as a European ; there was no
attempt at concealment ; he relied entirely on his knowledge of Bedawi
life and character, and the trust which he reposed in his companions was
fully justified by the Jesuit, l^ofsr far he bad succeeded in winning the .
love of his guides is shown by a little incident that occurred shortly before
reaching Nukhl. The camels had been sent forward to get water ht>m the.
fort, and Mr. Holland was alone with Sheikh Nassar in the desert ; the
thermometer stood at 102 degrees in the shade, and the Sheikh's eyes were
growing dim with the feverishness that comes of intense thirst, yet nothing
could induce him to touch the scanty store of water which he was carrying
for Mr. Holland ; nor was Sheikh Nassar alone in this respect, for whenever
any difficulties arose about food or water, the three Bedawin always
insisted on reserving what there was for their European companion.

Mr. Holland returned to Ismailia on the 23rd May, after an absence of
fifty-three days, during which he travelled over 1,000 miles on foot — an
average of twenty miles a day, excluding halts ; and visited a district which
had never previously been explored, and which, from the character of its
inhabitants, had been deemed almost inaccessible. The journey had been
planned long beforehand. Mr. Holland, in conversation with myself, had
often expressed his belief that the Israelites must have left Sinai by a
route followed in 1840 by Baron Roller, of which there is a short notice
in the " Journal of the Royal Geographical Society " for 1842 ; and that



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KEV. F. W. HOLLAND S JOURNEY. O

Kadesh was probably near the south-east comer of Jebel Magrah, whence,
he assumed, there would be a good road, 'Hhe way of the spies," north-
wards. It was not, however, until 1878 that he was able to carry out
his plans. His journey has established, beyond a doubt, that Baron
Roller's route offers an extremely easy road to the Tih plateau, such as
might have been followed by the Israelites with their women and children,
their flocks, and their waggons. Unfortunately, the presence of raiding
parties of hostile Bedawin prevented a complete examination of the



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