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UNIVERSITY
OF FLORIDA
LIBRARIES




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I 4, 1961






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W. A. CARTER, Governor- President

W. P. Lebi k, Lieutenant Governor

Will Arev

! Information Officer




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Official Panama Canal Company Publication
Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z.

Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone



N. D. Chkistensen, Press Officer
Joseph Connor, Publications Editor

Editorial Assistants:
Eunice Richard and Tom Bittel
William Burns, Official Photographer



On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cent! each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each.
1 money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z.




Joiner on Jirdt Canal V rand it

A PARTIAL TRANSIT through the Canal was made last month
by Gov. W. A. Carter and Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber aboard the Orient
Line's new 40,000-ton passenger liner Oriana. The ship was making
her first trip through the Canal as part of her maiden voyage
around the world. The cover photograph pictures the Governor
and Lieutenant Governor high atop the ship, with the Governor's
flag and the pilot's flags whipping in the breeze behind them.

One of the largest passenger ships to transit the waterway since
the old German liner Bremen established the record in 1939, the
Oriana arrived at Ralboa from the west coast of the United States
and tied up overnight in Balboa. She made the northbound transit
the following day and then spent the night in Cristobal before
proceeding to Great Britain.

A great-great-grandson of an Admiral who fought with Admiral
Nelson at Trafalgar is in command of the new ship. Capt. Clifford
Edgecombe, R.D., R.N.R., a former H.M.S. Worcester naval cadet
who joined the Orient Line in 1934, played host to the Governor
and his party aboard the ship. British Ambassador G. E. Vaughan
also was a guest of Captain Edgecombe for the transit. The
Captain, like his ancestor, Adm. Sir Charles Bletsoe, also has seen
wartime duty. He served with the British Navy during World
War II. returning; to the Orient Line after the war and being made
a captain in 1955.



In This Issue







Maintaining the Waterway 3

Stepping Out 5

Mr. Health Bureau 6

Pied Piper With a Trombone 7

Jul v in the Canal Zone S

Jay Bee's in Port— It's Lobster Time. . 10

From Sea Rover to Wall Decoration 11

Copper for World's Industries 12

Cable Splicing Made Easy 14

Safetv Pavs— In More Ways Than One 15

Hospital Rates, Insurance Coverage Com-
pared 16

Canal History 17

Retirements 17

Anniversaries 18

Pr< (motions and Transfers 19

Worth Knowing 20

Modern Civic Center Planned 21

Shipping Statistics 22

Shipping 24_

2 August 4, 1961



"y yiitfrfWiu 4i tai oi te




Lights aglow as night settles over Garun Lake, the Canal's big suction dredge pursues the task of removing high spots in the channel.

Maintaining the Waterway



Suction dredge Mindi vacuums floor of Canal's
channels, scouring away depth-reducing high spots.



To keep the dredge operating 16 hours a day, workmen repair pipeline during darkness.




A VESSEL which has no motive power
of its own but has to be shoved from one
place to another by a tug if it is moving
very far has been plodding through
Garun Lake the past 3 weeks on 66-ton
stilts and sweeping high spots from
the Lake section of the Canal channel.

The suction dredge Mindi, its 36-inch
maw chewing its way back and forth
across the Lake bottom in a massive
simulation of milady using a vacuum
cleaner, has removed approximately
300,000 cubic yards of material from
the channel since it moved into the
Lake July 10.

Working about 5 miles north of
Gamboa, the Mindi has been operated
16 hours per day, 5 days a week, with
both crew members and supplies shuttled
back and forth between it and Gamboa
by launch and tug. In addition to the
fuel used to fire the boilers which power
the main turbine and its auxiliaries, the
supplies include food for those aboard.



The Panama Canal Review



Workers on each watch have a meal
aboard the vessel during their 8 hours of
duty and 6 crewmen who stay aboard
throughout the week have all their meals
provided. Most of those working on the
Mindi, however, spend onlv 8 hours at
a time on board, then leave until it is
time for them to go back on duty.

Shortly after dawn each weekday,
crew members and operating officers for
the first watch assemble at Gamboa for
the trip to the dredge. Those on the
second watch assemble shortly before
3 p.m., and the vessel which takes them
to the dredge returns the first watch
group to Gamboa.

These men who operate the vessel are
a hard), much-traveled lot. Many of
them, including Master David J. Burkett.
have worked for the Canal before and
have had experience on the Mindi. A
number of them were recruited in order
to put the dredge back into operation
after 2 1 2 years of idleness.

All of the operating officers have one
thing in common, though: They are
familiar with dredging equipment. Most
of them have been employed in harbor
and channel dredging projects along the
shores of North and South America.

Captain Burkett, who has been
employed by the Canal for 28 years, has
had experience aboard both the Mindi
and other dredges. Recentlv, while on
leave from the Canal, he worked aboard
the dredge Sea Haven at Las Minas Bay.

Throughout the 16 hours of the two
watches, from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m., the
dredge swings to and fro in the channel,
the 22-ton cutter head at the front of the
vessel gobbling up rocks, mud, and other
debris from the bottom. The powerful
vacuum draws tons of material into the




Discharge line from dredge spews material into a section of the Lake which a few days
earlier was 25 feet deep, but has been filled by discharged material, including those rocks.



big centrifugal pump, which forces it
almost half a mile through a 28-inch
pipeline and discharges it into the Lake
far from the channel.

The side-to-side sweeping motion of
the dredge is achieved by using 7-ton
anchors on opposite sides of the vessel.
Cables attached to these anchors are
reeled in alternately, forcing the dredge
to swing toward first one anchor and
then the other.

Minor forward movements of the
dredge are made by using the two 66-ton
spuds at the rear as stilts. While the



Dredge Master David J. Burkett, right, and Second Mate Hairy J. Harrison take their turn at
dinner as other officers keep the dredge in continuous operation despite brief break for meal.




cutter head is being swung from side
to side, the spuds serve to hold the vessel
in place. But when the dredge is to be
moved forward, one of the spuds is
lifted while the Mindi is at one edge of
a swing, then the vessel is swung in the
other direction and the spud is lowered.
The procedure then is repeated with the
second spud, moving the vessel forward
approximately 8 feet.

The length of the cutting head deter-
mines the forward movement on each
bite, just as the width of a broom deter-
mines the width which can be swept
with it in one movement. Mounted on
the end of the 100-foot long ladder which
extends in front of the dredge, the cut-
ting head revolves continuously, chewing
up virtually everything in its path and
making the material small enough to
pass through the pumps and pipeline.

Although the cutting head is capable
of smashing rocks into bits, it occasionally
encounters something that is too solid
for it to break. If the object seems to be
simply a large rock, rather than a solid
mass of stone, the dredge operator may
maneuver his cutting head to dig a big
hole direetlv alongside the offending
obstruction. The ladder and cutting head
then are lifted to the opposite side of the
rock and used to shove it into the hole,
where it will be below the bottom surface
of the channel.

Occasionally, the vacuum of the dredge
will suck something in which the rest of
the mechanism is unable to handle. Such
a large pieceof material sometimes hangs
up in the centrifugal pump or elsewhere.

(See p. 21)



August 4, 1961



Man Wearing
Many Hats

Stepping Out



HENRY L. DONOVAN, who wears
eight different hats under a single title,
Director of the Canal Zone Civil Affairs
Bureau, is about to exchange his many-
faceted position for retirement and, in
the immediate future, a trip around
the world.

Accompanied bv Mrs. Donovan, he
will leave the Canal Zone August 28 on
the SS Pretoria, a 12-passenger, freighter-
type ship, en route to Copenhagen, with
several stops scheduled along the way.
The Donovans plan to spend several
weeks in Denmark, then visit Sweden
and Norway. Although the Donovans
have been in Europe before, this will
be their first visit to the Scandinavian
countries.

Boarding ship once again, thev will
travel to Manila, through the Mediter-
ranean, with stops in several storvbook
countries along the way. They will have
a chance to see the Suez Canal, and visit
Hong Kong, Japan, and Hawaii before
returning to the United States sometime
after the first of Januarv.

In California, Mr. and Mrs. Donovan
plan to spend quite a while with former
Canal employees who are old friends of
the couple. Then will come a trip to
Arizona and a look around the Phoenix
area, followed by a visit in Chicago with
their daughter, Peggy Ann, who is doing
social service work in South Bend, Ind.
From this point, weather will play a part
in plans. If the weather is inclement in
the Boston area, a Florida visit will be
indicated, with Boston shelved until fair
weather returns.

Eventually, they expect to make their
home in Florida.

Mr. Donovan has headed the Civil
Affairs Bureau since November 1953.
Policemen, firemen, teachers, customs
inspectors, postal employees, librarians,
license bureau, and civil defense unit
personnel all are under his direction.

He was born in Brookline, Mass., and
was working for the Boston Engineering
Department in 1929 when he took and
passed a civil service examination which
led to a job as a structural draftsman in
what is now the Panama Canal's Engi-

The Panama Canal Review 5



Mr. and

Mrs. Donovan

on stairs of

Administration

Building,

with Balboa

and Sosa Hill

in background.




neering Division. He and his bride were
on their wedding trip when thev came
here in October that vear.

He was loaned as Chief Building
Inspector to the Constructing Quartern-
master during the construction of the
present towns of Gatun and Gamboa. In
1937, he returned to his position as
structural designer. After several promo-
tions, he was assigned to Quarry Heights
in 1945 as an engineering consultant and
served on the Commanding General's
staff as civilian adviser on matters relating
to the Panama Canal and the Republic-
of Panama. He returned to the Canal
organization in 1950 as the first Director
of the Community Sen ices Bureau. Since
1953 he has been Director of the Civil
Affairs Bureau.

Mr. Donovan was awarded the Gold
Medal of Panama during 1956 ceremo-
nies commemorating the 69th annivesary



of the founding of the Cuerpo de Bom-
beros, Panama's firefighting force. The
medal was given in appreciation of the
cooperation between the firefighting
forces of the Canal Zone and Panama.
Civil Affairs Director Donovan accepted
it on behalf of the Canal Zone Fire
Division.

Mr. Donovan was president of the
Balboa Baseball Club and the Canal Zone
Baseball League, and was the first Com-
missioner for Little League Baseball. He
also has been active in Canal Zone Red
Cross work, and served as campaign
chairman during two fund drives. He
also served as Regional Director of Civil
Defense during World War II and inter-
mittently as Director for the entire Zone.

Mrs. Donovan, who also has been
active in the Red Cross, is an active
member and a former president of the
Inter-American Woman's Club.




WILLIAM BROWN,
Assistant to Health Director, Retiring.



WILLIAM BROWN, who is retiring
early next month as Assistant to Direc-
tor of the Canal Zone Government Health
Bureau, for 33 years has made the Health
Bureau his life. He has worked in all
divisions, coming up through the ranks to
his present position and he understands
operational details intimately.

A tireless devotion to duty, a high
sense of ethics and intellectual honesty,
and a sympathetic understanding of the
problems that beset the big, the little,
the sick, and the poor, are all part of
him. He was the confidant of Health
Directors and Governors and at the same
time his telephone and door were open
for the problems or imagined problems
of any employee. Actually the hale, the
lame, and the blind came to his desk for
counsel and help. The)- were never
turned away.

In addition to his humanistic qualities
he was efficient in his job, keeping
abreast of the many rapid and, at times,
bewildering changes in organizational
structure, personnel, and fiscal policies,
fat years and Kan years, particularly the
latter. He represented a continuity and
bridge of factual information and his-
torical background between successive
Directors and Governors that was
invaluable.

Bill Brown, who was born in Omaha,
Nebr., arrived in the Canal Zone in 1926
in the U.S. Army— he was stationed at
Quarry Heights where he was the Post
Sergeant Major. On receiving an honor-
able discharge in May 1928, he was
employed at Gorgas Hospital and has
been continuously with the Health
Bureau since that time. In effect, he has
held the position of Assistant to the
Health Director foi 20 years.
During liis career he has witnessed



Mr. Health
Bureau



many changes in the Bureau and in the
entire Canal organization. He partici-
pated in planning the expansion of the
Bureau to provide medical and dental
care to the personnel of those engaged
in big Zone projects during the early
1940's, the tremendous expansion of
medical facilities to care for the vast
increase in the number of military per-
sonnel and civilian employees of all
agencies during World War II, and the
ultimate contraction after the war. He
can tell about the patients who were
bitten by snakes while pioneering the
Madden Highway through the then
impregnable jungles, medical aspects of
the construction of Madden Dam in the
early 1930s, and on the contractors'
liberal policy in covering hospital bills
for employees who participated in con-
struction of Albrook Field when it was
just a "sock" and an "airdrome."

With a little urging he can be led to
reminisce about the hospital car attached
to the noon train of the Panama Rail-
road, which transported patients from
the Atlantic side to Gorgas, the planning,
construction, operation, and ultimate
demolition of Margarita Hospital, the
Section "E" Hospital, the merchant
marine clinics, dispensaries in each town,
the 30 to 40 first aid stations operated
at construction locations from Chame,
to Casa Larga, to Howard Field, and
even on construction sites of the
Transisthmian Highway.

As to more recent times, he can tell of
the campaign conducted in collaboration
with the Republic of Panama to eradi-
cate the yellow fever mosquito in this
area during the late 1940s. Although he
is not a doctor, he can convincingly
discuss and demonstrate the beneficial
aspects to humanity here in the Canal
Zone which have resulted from the dis-
coveries and application of the sulfa



drugs, antibiotics, and of the presently
used insecticides.

When he joined the organization,
Gorgas was known as Ancon Hospital,
the Health Bureau as the Health Depart-
ment, and the Canal Zone Government
as ThePanamaCanal. The Health Direc-
tor then had the title of Chief Health
Officer, And, of the 18 Health Directors
since General Gorgas, he has served
under 12 of them.

The present Health Director, Col.
Erling S. Fugelso, and Bill Brown were
classmates at the 13th Interagency Insti-
tute for Federal Hospital Administrators,
conducted in Washington, D.C., in
October and November 1956.

Those in distress and those saddened
and bewildered by illness or death in
the family, and others who sought or
needed his help, will long remember
Bill Brown. He always has been anxious
to help those in distress or "tied up in
red tape." To a grateful "thank you" he
responds "we're in business to help you
—that's why I'm here."

Attesting to his insight into human
problems, and his understanding of
human relations are the letters of appre-
ciation which have been presented to
him by departing Health Bureau
Directors.

As a hobby, Mr. Brown is an amateur
watchmaker, a field that he developed
through his own study of the intricate,
minute mechanisms which offered him
an interesting challenge.

Accompanied by his wife and two
daughters, Ruth and Marian, Mr. Brown
will leave this month for San Jose, Calif.
Their two sons are already in the United
States— the older, Richard, is in Califor-
nia and the younger, Wayne, is in
Atlanta, Ga., taking his final year in post
graduate work leading to a master's
degree in public health.



6



August 4, 1961



Balboa High School
music instructor
taking year's leave
of absence to work
on advanced degree.




Victor Herr iii a typical pose as he directs one of the groups he has instructed here since 1950.



Pied Piper With a Trombone



VICTOR HERR, a Pied Piper with a
trombone, who has led hundreds of
Canal Zone boys and girls down melody
lane, is leaving the Isthmus the first of
September on a year's leave of absence
to work for his Doctor of Education
degree, with a major in music, at
Columbia University.

He is planning to sail on the SS Cris-
tobal for New Orleans, and from there
probably will fly to New York via west-
ern Massachusetts. A visit along the
upper Hudson River Valley also is part
of his plans for the period before school
starts September 26.

Mr. Herr has been with the Canal
Zone Division of Schools since Septem-
ber 1950, when he came to the Isthmus
as music teacher in the Balboa Junior
High School. The following year he
became music instructor at Balboa High
School, a position he has held ever since.

A native of Everett, Wash., he was
graduated from the Everett, Wash.,
High School in 1945. From 1945 to
1946, he was a noncommissioned officer
in the U.S. Army Air Corps and a
member of the band, where he princi-
pally played trombone. As a band mem-
ber, he traveled throughout the United
States and played for President Truman
at his home in Independence, Mo.



After receiving an honorable dis-
charge, he was a scholarship student and
was graduated with honors in 1948 from
Everett Junior College. In 1949, he
received his bachelor of music educa-
tion degree at Denver University and
attended Columbia University for a
semester before coming to the Isthmus.
In 1952, he received his master of arts
degree at Columbia University, and he
has taken advanced studies at the Uni-
versity of Colorado, University of
Washington, and Columbia University.

Since he has been here, he has devel-
oped a marching band. This year, for
the first time in Balboa High School
history, the ROTC had its own band.

This is the third year that Mr. Herr
has worked with the summer music
program, which is beamed primarily at
elementary school students and begin-
ners' music studies. As there is no instru-
mental music program in the elementary
schools in the Canal Zone, many children
have their first introduction to musical
instruments through the summer course.
Some have continued their interest in
music and, in high school years, have
become part of the school band.

Some 14 of Mr. Heir's pupils have
received music scholarships in the
United States, and several are teaching



music now. Most outstanding of his
students has been Don M. Randel, a
major in music at Princeton University,
in the top 5 percent of his class, and
student conductor of the Princeton band,
who plans to continue studying until he
receives his doctor of philosophy degree.
Young Randel plans to become a
musicologist after completing his studies.

Mr. Herr has been Canal Zone Car-
nival committee chairman for 2 years.
With Don Musselman of the high school
faculty, he wrote the Tivoli Pageant and
the Roosevelt Centennial Pageant. He is
a Past Exalted Ruler of Elks Lodge 1414
and in 1956 won the American Legion
award for the outstanding teacher in
Canal Zone schools.

While in New York, Mr. Herr will
share an apartment with two young
writers. In addition to his studies, he
hopes to do some traveling in Europe
before he returns to the Isthmus.

During his absence, James Breen of
Kingsport, Tenn., also a professional
trombone plaver, will be instructor of
music at Balboa High School. He will
arrive about August 20 to spend a few
weeks with Mr. Herr before the latter
leaves. Mr. Breen is a Marine Corps
veteran of World War II, is married, and
has two children of grade school age.



The Panama Canal Review



July
in the
Canal Zone



Who needs any explanation about the Fourth.





A CANAL ZONE policeman was
honored last month by the Republic of
Panama by being made a member of the
Order of Vasco Nunez de Balboa in the
grade of Knight Commander. The pre-
sentation to Policeman Casey J. Hall
took place during a picturesque cere-
mony in the village of Laguna in the
Gatun Lake region.

The award was made in recognition
of Policeman Hall's humanitarian work
during the time he was assigned to water



A lit ^^b

patrol duty in Gatun Lake. Camilo Levy
Salcedo, Chief of Protocol of the Repub-
lic of Panama, made the presentation on
behalf of Panama President Roberto
F. Chiari. Speakers included Belisario
Guevara, who spoke for residents of
the village.

Those visiting Laguna for the program,
in addition to Policeman Hall and the
Chief of Protocol, included Zone Police
Chief E. S. Shipley and several other
Canal Zone police officials.




EDWARD KENNEDY, the 29-year-
old brother of President John F.Kennedy,

accompanied Gov. W. A. Carter on an
inspection tour of the locks and made a



partial tranist of the Canal during Ins
brief visit to Panama last month. He is
shown here with the Governor as they
inspected the Cut-widening.



8



August 4, 1961




ADM. ARLEIGH A. BURKE, Chief of U.S. Naval Opera-
tions, became a member of The Esteemed Order of Bearers of
the Master Key to the Panama Canal when he called on Gov-
ernor Carter at Balboa Heights last month. The Governor
presented Admiral Burke with the master kev and certificate.

Accompanying the visiting Admiral, who was returning to
the United States from dedication ceremonies for Ecuador's
new Naval Academy, were Rear Adm. Eugene J. Peltier, Chief
of the Bureau of Yards and Docks, Rear Adm. John Quinn.
Director of Pan American Affairs, and Rear Adm. Richard S.
Craighill, Commandant, 15th Naval District, who was host
to Admiral Burke during his brief visit in the Zone.




THE FIRST sightseeing trip aboard the Canal's new launch
Las Cruccs was made by a delegation of 150 women of the
General Federation of Women's Clubs, who paid a 2-day visit
to the Isthmus while en route home after attending a convention
in Rio de Janeiro.

The 63-foot launch has a 23-foot beam, is fitted with double
decks, and can comfortably carrv 200 passengers. It was
acquired by the Canal to provide a convenient method for
visiting groups to view the Canal and is expected to help
Panama in the development of its tourist trade.

Arrangements for reservations to use the launch may be made
by telephoning Balboa 3192. The vessel is available on a rental
basis for use by Company-Government employees, religious,
civic, fraternal, and similar organizations, tourist agencies, and
other organized and responsible groups.



LATIN AMERICAN military com-
manders, assembled on the Isthmus for
their second annual conference, were
addressed in Spanish by Governor Carter
during a visit to Miraflores Locks. The
visit to the locks was made prior to
boarding the Canal's new sightseeing
launch Las duces for a partial transit of
the Canal as guests of the Governor.


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