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Gift of the Panama Canal Museum



Vol.2, No. 5



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"IT CAME upon a midnight clear, that glorious song of old

Christmas — anywhere — means music
and lights and families together, and gifts
and Christmas dinners. It means just the
same things in the Canal Zone.

Last year Christmas activities were re-
stricted because of the outbreak of polio.
This year plans are under way all over
the Isthmus for a rousing, holiday

This Christmas, for the first time in
many years, a community chorus will
make its appearance. This group of 80
men and women was organized under the
direction of Neil Branstetter, Music Su-
pervisor of the Canal Zone schools, late in
October and has been holding regular
practice sessions since the last week of

Known as the Canal Zone Junior Com-
munity Chorus, 80 percent of the singers
are under 26 years of age and many of
them are former students in the Canal
Zone schools.

On December 12 they will present the
Christmas music from Handel's Messiah
at the Balboa High School Library.

Traditional Programs

Meantime, the Canal Zone schools are
all working up their traditional Christmas
music programs.

Although plans are not yet definite, it
is possible that some tableaux will be
added to the music program which will be
given by the white-robed students of
Balboa High School on the High School
steps, and the Balboa Junior High School
will also have an evening program.

The Cristobal Junior and Senior High
Schools are planning a joint Christmas
program of instrumental and choral
music. This will be held just before the
schools recess for the Christmas vacation
and will take place on the school campus

if weather permits. The Cristobal singers
are also white-robed, with stars and tinsel
as additional decorations.

All of the Canal Zone's U. S. rate ele-
mentary schools will have some sort of
Christmas music program just before the
Christmas holidays.

In the colored schools, La Boca is plan-
ning an elaborate carol program, with
pageants of Biblical scenes, and the Silver
City schools will also have a fine program
of Christmas music.

Official Tree

The Canal Zone's official Christmas
tree is not a fir or spruce but the pyrami-
dal pandanus tree near the Balboa rail-
road station. This will be decorated by
the Electrical Division with the custom-
ary some 350 lights. The Hotel Tivoli's
big Christmas tree will also be lighted
again and decorations are planned for the
facade of the Civil Affairs Building.

The locks are already working on their
Christmas decoration plans, but the
greeting card to be given to ships tran-
siting during the holidays is still a deep

For a number of years the Electrical
Division rented strings of outdoor lights
to Canal Zone residents but as these
strings wore out they were not replaced
and the practice has been discontinued.

There are still a number of non-official
areas, however, which are beautifully
decorated at Christmas time.

Practically every church on the Canal
Zone always has some sort of Christmas
decoration and some sort of Christmas

For many years the Scottish Rite Tem-
ple on Balboa Road had a string of flood-
lighted reindeer around its top, but this
hear the reindeer will {Seepage 2)

Modernization and consolidation of
health facilities for most of the Pacific
Side of the Isthmus are nearing comple-
tion at Gorgas Hospital.

Included in the changes, most of which
will be finished early in the coming cal-
endar year, are:

1. Consolidation of dispensary services
from Ancon, Balboa, and Pedro Miguel
in Section A. This will be opened early in
January. The section will include ex-
amining rooms, a dispensary pharmacy
and laboratory service. The dispensary
services will be handled, to start, by
seven doctors, two to four nurses, four
clerks, and an adequate number of attend-
ants and technicians.

2. Enlargement of parking facilities to
handle about 60 cars near the dispensary
section. The lawn in front of the Hospital
Administration Building will be cut back
and this space paved. Employee parking
will be moved to the lower level and the
present employee parking lot used for
patients' cars. Bus service will be provided.

3. Installation of an additional elevator
in the Administration Building to service
all floors and a new elevator added in the
hospital kitchen section.

4. Completion of a 13-room recovery
ward on the third floor, where all surgical
patients can remain until they are in
condition to be returned to their wards.

5. Renovation of the Pediatrics Sec-
tion, at a cost of about $80,000, on the
third floor of Section D, to be finished and
ready for occupancy about December 15.

6. Provision of a section for communi-
cable diseases, separate from the building
where tuberculosis patients are now
treated; this also to be ready about
December 15.

7. Painting and renovation of the La-
boratory Building, with the replacement
of all obsolete and outworn equipment.

8. Installation of a central sterilization
room in the hospital basement to handle
the sterilization of materials for all parts
of the hospital.

9. Modernization of the kitchens, to
include the installation of new cold
storage facilities for vegetables, meats,
and perishable foods.

To replace the dispensaries, when they
are transferred to Gorgas Hospital, first
aid stations, with nurses in attendance,
will be provided at Balboa and Pedro
Miguel. Treatment and medication at
these will be free.


# The Locks, and the men who run them
latest In the series of Canal Operations; see,
page 8.

# The Diablo Heights Camera Club; see
page 16.

9 Remember Pearl Harbor? See page 2.


December 7, 1951

Pearl Harbor?

Ten years ago today the Japanese
bombed Pearl Harbor and set off World
War II.

Here, it was a hot Sunday afternoon.
Most people were resting, or at the beach,
or spending a quiet afternoon some other

The news came through not long after
two o'clock. Within a short time, Lt.
Gen. Frank Andrews (later killed in an
airplane crash in Iceland) was at his head-
quarters at Quarry Heights.

Airplanes took to the air. Orders went
out for channelized flying. In Panama
City and Colon, authorities began a
roundup of Japanese. By 11 p. m. 130 of
the estimated 300 Japanese in Panama
City were being held, while work was
rushed on a temporary internment camp
in the Balboa Quarantine Area.

Service personnel in the Republic were
rounded up and sent back to their posts
and stations. Censorship of radios and
cables was imposed. Military police lined
the border between the Canal Zone and
Panama. People entering the Canal Zone
were checked carefully.

At 6:45 p. m. the Canal Zone was
blacked out from centrally controlled
switches. There was no current for
cooking or to operate refrigerators. Club-
house restaurants closed; movies were

(The nightly blackouts which lasted
until April 15, 1943, did not start until
two nights later and these were not
centrally controlled).

Executive Secretary E. C. Lombard re-
calls that he and the then Executive
Secretary, Frank H. Wang, had received
the news from military sources during the
afternoon. They were told that the black-
out switches would be pulled at 7 p. m.,
and were in their Administration Building
office conferring on the emergency when
the lights went out at 6:45 p. m.— 15
minutes before they expected it.

Mr. Lombard remembers well the great
difficulty they experienced in getting out
of the office and down to the first floor in
complete darkness.

Men from the Panama Canal's Elec-
trical Division were called out, some of
them to set up floodlights in the Quaran-
tine area where the Municipal Division
forces were putting up a high fence and
others to provide emergency power for
those places which could not be without
lights. Other Municipal Division men,
under the direct supervision of the Muni-
cipal Engineer, George W. Green, set to
work building emergency revetments at
Albrook Field.


JUST LIKE a CVi?tmas card are the decorations at Gatun Locks. The bit; Christmas tree, a
Santa Claus and snowmen have been features of the Locks' holiday trimmings for the past several
years. Ships transiting during the holiday season are given a Christmas card, greetings of the lock force.

This is what a handful of Zonians re-
member of December 7, 1941:

A. H. Donaldson of the Municipal Divi-
sion, standing by for call from his outfit,
was also a warden for the Williamson
Place-Empire Street area. He reported in
at headquarters at the old American
Legion building.

Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Lee— Mrs. Lee is
with the Administrative Branch, Mr. Lee
with the Electrical Division— had spent
the afternoon at home with their children.
They had not heard the radio announce-
ment nor had they seen a newspaper
extra. The first they knew of what had
happened was when Mr. Lee walked
down to the clubhouse to find out why
the lights were off.

H. D. Raymond, of the Finance Bureau,
had taken his wife to Panama Hospital
for the birth of their second son.

Mrs. Dorothy Hall, of the Dredging
Division in Gamboa, was on her way to
the clubhouse for supper when she learned
that there was to be a blackout. She
received the news from her son, Lindley,
who enlisted in the Navy a few weeks later.

James Campbell, of Cristobal Customs,
had heard the announcement over the
radio in his bachelor quarters. He was
one of the few who was not caught un-
awares when the blackout began.

And Russel Gallaher, now of the Muni-
cipal Division office in Cristobal, was
working in Pedro Miguel at the time. He
had been in Panama City where he saw a
newspaper extra. He recalls that the
blackout was well started when he reached
home that night.


(Conlirued from page 1) move to the lawn

on the Balboa side of the building.
Santa Claus Lane

The most elaborate community decora-
tion is that provided annually by the 14
families living on "Santa Claus Lane,"
Balboa's Oleander Place. The reindeer
which make their annual appearance there
are being given a fresh coat of paint and
some new docorations have been ordered
to supplement the Santa Clauses, snow
man and woman and the fireplace which
are features of the Oleander Place

Working on the Oleander Place project
are the families of D. M. Eggleston, W. F.
Cunningham, Wesley Townsend, Earl
Unruh, Mack Bailey," Robert H. McCoy,
T. J. Wilber, Craig Neville, H. J. Zierten,
Theodore Henter, Vendrize Foster, Rich-
ard Potter, Walter Hobby, and William

And of course the Christmas celebra-
tion doesn't end with Christmas Day.
There are always the neighborhood
Christmas tree burnings which are held
sometime after Twelfth Night. Their
origin is obscure — old-timers here, like
A. C. Medinger, say there was nothing of
the sort when they were growing up —
but the burnings have been features of
Isthmian life for at least 15 years.

The highest temperature ever recorded
on the Canal Zone was 98 degrees on
April 13, 1920, at Madden Dam.

AX ISTHMIAN" BEAUTY spot for many years has been the road lead-
ing to the Filtration Plant at Miraflores. Visitors never fail to be impressed

by the cool stateliness i

of palms which line either side of the

December 7, 1951


Monthly Conference
Discusses Extension
Of Charge Accounts

A proposal that all U. S.-rate employees
of the Panama Canal Company and Canal
Zone Government be given the privilege
of Commissary charge accounts, for a
small carrying charge, was outlined Nov-
ember 29 at the latest Governor-Employ-
ee Conference at Balboa Heights.

The conferences, which were inaugur-
ated in July 1950, between representa-
tives of organized labor, civic councils,
and the administration, are held monthly
in the Board Room of the Administration
Building. Because of the informality with
which they are conducted, they have
come to be known as "shirtsleeve con-

The question of Commissary charge ac-
counts was raised by Rufus Lovelady,
President of Lodge 14 of the American
Federation of Government Employees.

He expressed the belief of his group
that the requirement that those having
charge accounts have a salary of $5,401)
or more prevents charge accounts from
being available to those who most need
the telephone advantages of such ac-
counts, especially young housewives who
find shopping difficult. Mr. Lovelady
suggested that charge accounts be avail-
able to all permanent employees on the
U. S. rolls, regardless of salary, provided
these employees have one year or more

Lieutenant Governor H. D. Vogel then
presented a counter proposal, to the effect
that all U. S.-rate employees be allowed
charge accounts, provided that each pay
a fixed percent carrying charge.

During the subsequent discussion, a
majority of the employee representatives
who felt that they could speak without
consulting their organizations indicated
their approval of this idea. There was
only one dissenting vote; a number of
others present did not indicate their opin-
ions, preferring to wait for consultation
with the groups they represent.

The question of housing also came up
for considerable discussion. J. J. Tobin
of the Central Labor Union asked why no
bachelor quarters were provided in the

To The Employees . . .

It is a good thing, in every community, to
have its members feel that they have a part
in the activities of that community. This is
especially true here in the Canal Zone,
where we do not have the right to vote on
local issues or even on
national matters, unless
we happen to have main-
tained a residence in a
State which permits ab-
sentee balloting.

When the Civic Coun-
cils became a part of
Canal Zone life in 1987
during the administration
of Governor Clarence Rid-
ley, Governor Ridley ex-
pressed the hope that the
Councils could provide a
medium for the develop-
ment of a real community
spirit in the best Ameri-
can tradition.

Many of our activities, especially those
concerned until conditions of employment or
rates of pay, are determined by Government
procedures and are not properly within the
province of the activities of the Civic

There are, however, many other matters in
which the Civic Councils have been and can
continue to be of great value, not only to the
communities they represent but to the ad-
ministration itself.

The new housing program is an example
of this. The desires and needs of the Canal
Zone communities in regard to housing were
ascertained by the Civic Councils and many
of their recommendations have been incor-
porated, as far as financial limitations
permit, in the types of the new houses which
have been and will be built in the Canal Zone.

In matters concerning the commissaries,
clubhouses, and schools, the Civic Councils
are in a position to determine public senti-
ment and to recommend to the administra-

tion changes or improvements which would
benefit the Canal Zone community as a

There is also another field in which the
Civic Councils have an opportunity for real
community service. I am
referring to a revival of the
community spirit which
was so outstanding during
the construction period
on the Canal Zone.

There are Community
Chest campaigns to be
sponsored and assisted to
successful completion.
There are national holi-
days to be observed with
fitting ceremonies. There
are town beautification
programs which might be
conducted. There is also
the duty of welcoming
and assimilating the newcomers icho come
to take the places of retiring employees.

There is no doubt in my mind that the
Civic Councils have a definite part in Canal
Zone life, first in an advisory capacity to
the administration and, second, to sponsor
community and welfare projects. The regu-
lar conference each month at which repre-
sentatives of the Civic Councils and other
employee groups have met with some of us
from the administration have been helpful
to us all.

I have no hesitation in repeating that,
in my belief, the Civic Councils have a defi-
nite part to play here. They have the ad-
ministration's fullest support in their



new housing program. He was told that
the program does include bachelor quar-
ters. The figure given later to The Pan-
ama Canal Review was 620 new bache-
lor rooms and apartments in the overall

In answer to a question from Chester
Luhr of the Pacific side Lock Employees,
Governor Newcomer said that the town
of Cocoli will definitely be taken over by

the Navy and that the administration, as
of November 30, was waiting official word
on this matter. The Navy will provide
its own police and fire protection. The
main highway will not be blocked by a
military gate.

The question of Cocoli was one of those
discussed recently in Washington during
the conference on housing attended by
Colonel Vogel and (See page 15

REPRESENTATIVES of employee and civic groups and the administration
meet monthly in the Board Room of the Administration Buiding to discuss
common problems. Shown above are those who were present at the October

Seated, left to right, are: Walter Wagner, J. J. Tobin, both of the Central
Labor Union; James H. Jones, Pedro Miguel Civic Council; Robert C. Daniels,
Order of Railway Conductors; Rufus Lovelady, Lodge 14, American Federa-
tion of Government Employees; M. J. Goodin, Gamboa Civic Council;
Carl W. Hoffmeyer, W. R. Howe, both from the Central Labor Union;

Lieutenant Governor Herbert D. Vogel; Governor Francis K. Newcomer.

Standing: Beverly Friedman, Secretary to Personnel Director and con-
ference recorder; Raymond F. Ralph, Gatun Civic Council; E. W. Hatchett,
Central Labor Union; Eleanor Mcllhenny, The Panama Canal Review;
Timothy Ladd, Cristobal-Margarita Civic Council; Charles A. Garcia, Pacific
Civic Council; Edward A. Doolan, Personnel Director; Guy R. Lord, Marine
Engineers Beneficial Association; James Boukalis, International Association of
Machinists; Chester A. Luhr, Lock Employees Association (Pacific Side) ; and
Forrest G. Dunsmoor, Executive Assistant to the Governor.


December 7, 1951

Canal Zone's Junior ROTC
Now Training 275 Cadets

Cadets of the Canal Zone's two Junior
Reserve Officers Training Corps units will
move "into the field" as soon as the dry
season gets under way.

"The field" for training purposes is the
little ravine behind the Administration
Building on the Pacific Side and the beach
near Cristobal High School for the Atlan-
tic Side contingent.

The field work will be a further intensi-
fication of the combat training which has
been stepped up this year for cadets in
both battalions of the ROTC, according
to Maj. Wayne Bart who, as Professor of
Military Science and Tactics in the Canal
Zone High Schools, is in charge of ROTC

Last year, Major Bart said, the ROTC
cadets put special emphasis on close order
drill. This year the close order drill time
has been cut by a third and ROTC instruc-
tors are teaching combat formations of
squad and platoon size, in place of the drill.

The cadets are also learning basic gun
drill with mortars, machine guns, ba-
zookas, and recoilless rifles.

Another new development in the ROTC
training this year is the use of the older
cadets as instructors. At Balboa High
School, where the ROTC was started in
194S, there are a number of boys who are
taking the fourth-year course. (There
will be no more fourth-year students;
ROTC which originally began in the
freshman year now does not start until
the second year of high school.)
Cadet Instructors

These M-4 (fourth-year) students give
much of the instruction to the other
classes, under the supervision of the regu-
lar military instructors. The student
commissioned and non-commissioned offi-
cers run the companies and battalions
under supervision, and the cadet officers
actually handle the administration of
whatever discipline is necessary. Each
cadet in the corps has the opportunity
from time to time to command a group.

One of the most successful of last year's
experiments will be repeated again this
year. This was the training camp at Fort
Kobbe, where 200 cadets from both the

USE OF the Visual Cast (a machine which enlarges and illuminates charts for training purposes)
is explained to Cadet Lt. Col. Sam Maphis, Battalion Commander of the Balboa ROTC unit, by Lt.
Ray M. Golden, Assistant Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the Balboa High School.




BEST COMPANY streamer is attached to the Guidon of Company "E" of the Cristobal ROTC
unit by Col. Henry F. Taylor, Commanding Officer of the Atlantic Sector, after a recent review. Left
to right: Colonel Taylor; Maj. Wayne L. Bart, Professor of Military Science and Tactics of the Canal
Zone High Schools; First Lt. John M. Nolan, in charge of the Cristobal unit; Cadet Capt. Leo A.
Constantine, commanding Company "E"; Miss Jeanine Nix, Company "E" sponsor; and Cadet
Sgt. Richard Sasso, Guidon bearer.

Balboa and Cristobal units spent four
days in intensive field training. They
were quartered in Army barracks, ate in
Army messes, were subject to Army regu-
lations and entitled to Army privileges.

Present plans for this year's camp, to
be held during the spring vacation week
which, this year, will be from April 5-13,
call for a longer period than the four days
spent at Kobbe last spring. If it can be
arranged, Major Bart said, he would like
the cadets to start the training period on
Saturday, have chapel services in the field
the following day, and then hold field
maneuvers for the next four days.
275 Cadets Enrolled

A total of 275 cadets are enrolled in the
two units of the Canal Zone ROTC. Of
these 165 are in the battalion at Balboa
and 110 in the Cristobal unit. Cadets are
both United States and Panamanian

The Balboa ROTC was started in the
fall of 1948 and the Cristobal unit is now
in its second year. Graduates of both
units may receive credit for one year of
college ROTC and, if otherwise qualified,
may enlist in the Reserves in the grade of
Private First Class.

Classroom subjects such as First Aid,
Military Courtesy, Map Reading, Mili-
tary Organization, and Personal Hygiene
and lessons in learning how the Army's
principal weapons function are combined
with the field exercises. The cadets can
take down and reassemble rifles, carbines,
machine guns, and mortars and are taught
how to put them back into operation if
they cease to operate in the field.

All cadets are required to learn to fire
the Army's .22 calibre Springfield rifle on
the small-bore ranges in the two high
schools. They fire from all positions used
by regular combat units and receive
qualification medals as Expert Rifle-
men, Sharpshooters, or Marksmen.

Several reviews have been held this
year. Among those reviewing the ROTC
unite were Dr. Lawrence Johnson, Super-
intendent of the Canal Zone schools, Col.
Richardson Selee, Civil Affairs Director,
Alcalde Jose D. Bazan of Colon, and Col.
Henry F. Taylor, commanding the
USARCARIB's Atlantic Sector.

Biggest events of the school year for the
ROTC cadets are the Annual' Field Day,
held last year at Balboa by the combined
units and scheduled for Mount Hope
Stadium next March 28, and the Military
Awards Ball for each school.

At the Field Day winners of competi-
tive drills for individuals, squads, pla-
toons and companies receive awards from
various community organizations. High-
light of the Awards Ball is the presentation
of medals and cups to outstanding cadets.

December 7, 1951





Here's an excerpt from an old Japanese
digest of traffic laws and ordinances that
ought to be titled— "Hennessy, Tennes-
see, Tootle the Flute—

"At the rise of the hand of policeman,
stop rapidly. Do not pass him by or
otherwise disrespect him.

"When a passenger of the foot hove in
sight, tootle the horn trumDet to him
melodiously at first. If he still obstacles

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