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lack of good usable material available in
this field of teaching. Both were first
grade teachers at the time—Miss Withers
will be teaching third grade in Diablo
next year and Miss Monroe is a first
grade teacher.

Comparing notes and exchanging lesson
sheets on their work, they found that
their ideas for the teaching of this phase
of phonics were almost identical The
book developed from these ideas.
Teachers' Evaluation

Before accepting material for publica-
tion, Gel-Sten ordinarily has it evaluated
by key teachers. When they compiled
their manuscript, Miss Monroe and Miss
Withers asked a representative group of
teachers in the Canal Zone schools to give
their evaluation of it. The letters of
these teachers accompanied the finished
manuscript when it went to the pub-
lishers and, Miss Monroe and Miss
Withers believe, were in great part
responsible for the prompt acceptance of
the book.

An interesting sidelight on Beginning
Phonics is the fact that the pictures for
the original manuscript were prepared by
Michael McNevin, who is Miss Withers'
nephew. He was graduated from Balboa
High School a year ago and has just
completed his first year at the University
of New Mexico. The illustrations play
an important part in the book. Michael's
pictures will not appear in the finished
volume, however, since Gel-Sten has its
own artists.

Miss Monroe, who was born in Colo-
rado but now considers California her
home, is a graduate of the Colorado
State College of Education at Greeley.
She taught in Colorado Schools before
coming here in 1944. While on leave
during the 1949-50 school year she taught
first grade in Bellflower, Calif.

Miss Withers, Virginia-born, attended
Tulane University and is a graduate of
the Pestalozzi-Froebel Teachers' College
in Chicago. She taught kindergarten in
Tampa, Fla. Before coming to the Canal
Zone schools in 1945 she had her own
private nursery school in Chicago.



NEW IRON ORE TRADE BOOSTS CANAL TRAFFIC




IRON ORE from new mines was loaded aboard this Panama-registered ship in San Juan, Peru. Lamyru
was the first ship to transit the Canal destined for Morrisville, Pa., new U. S. Steel Company port.



Cargo tonnage through the Panama
Canal was increased by 94,300 tons and
tolls by $60,570 in a six-week period as the
result of the recently inaugurated iron
ore trade from Peru to the United States.

From the first of May through June 15,

14 ships transited the Canal, either in
ballast southbound or carrying an aver-
age of slightly over 10,000 tons of the iron
ore northbound. Almost all of the ships
had transited previously in other services.

The ore is coming from new mines near
San Juan, Peru. In its issue of May 4,
Time Magazine described the new
operation:

"At the southern port of San Juan, the
freighter Libertad took aboard the first
10,000 tons of iron ore from Utah Con-
struction Company's new Marcona mine.
Starting work last January, the United
States firm had built a 15-mile road, got
shovels digging at the open pit and
started 60 specially designed 19-ton
trucks hauling ore to dockside. By June,
hematite ore will be leaving for U. S.
East Coast ports at the rate of 2,400,000
tons a year."

First Ship May 16

The Libertad, a 5,184-ton freighter
operated for the Orion Shipping Company
and registered under Panama, was north-
bound through the Canal May 16. She
carried 10,850 tons of iron ore and was
headed for Baltimore.

Since May 16, eight other ships have
transited northbound carrying loads of
iron ore. Four were en route to Mobile,
Ala., two to Philadelphia, and two to
Morrisville, Pa., the new United States
Steel Company port.

The ore carriers in the 6-week period
were: the Vassalis, San Roque, Giovanni
Amendola, Maria Parodi, Maria de Lar-
ringa, Lamyra, Turmoil, and St. Helena.
Turmoil, which is of Liberian registry, and
San Roque, Panamanian-registered, have
made round trips for the ore trade be-
tween May 1 and June 15.

Southbound between May 30 and June

1 5 were the Challenger, Andre, and Kings-
mownt, all destined for San Juan to load
ore.

Of the 14 transits, seven ships were under



the Panamanian flag, two were of Italian
registry, three were registered with Great
Britain and two trips— those of the
Turmoil — were under the Liberian flag.



Atlantic Side Supervisors
Complete Training Course



Twenty-three Atlantic side supervisors
received certificates at "graduation" cere-
monies last month, concluding a 16-week
supervisory training conference series
under the joint supervision of the Term-
inals and Grounds Maintenance Divisions
and the Personnel Bureau.

Several other groups have completed
similar courses which are designed to teach
the supervisors to lead planned con-
ferences, a recent development in solv-
ing numerous business and industrial
problems.

The final meeting of the Atlantic side
supervisors was held in the Red Cross
rooms over the Central Labor Office in
Cristobal. A. E. Beck, Superintendent
of the Terminals Division, spoke briefly.
The certificates, together with covering
memoranda for the employees' files and
group photographs, were distributed by
E. B. O'Brien, Assistant Superintendent.

Conferees receiving certificates were:
R. D. Armstrong, James A. Brooks, Harry
Cain, Joseph Corrigan, Norman E. J.
Demers, W. J. Dockery, Gerald R. Fruth,
John W. B. Hall, George W. Jones, Jr.,
John H. Leach, J. H. Michaud, Leonidas
H. Morales H., Ray Perkins, Joseph
Reardon, Wallace F. Russon, Maxwell S.
Sanders, Edward C. Stroop, Peter A.
Tortorici, E. B. Turner, Randolph Wikin-
stad, and Harry Witt, all of the Terminals
Division; Gene E. Clinchard and Virgil
C. Reed of the Grounds Maintenance
Division.

Brodie Burnham, Assistant Training
Officer in the Personnel Bureau who
served as leader of the conference series,
acted as master of ceremonies. Coffee
and doughnuts rounded out the program.



July 4, 1953



THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW



13



NEW ARRIVAL




CAPT. E. J. DUNN, USN, became the new
Director of the Industrial Bureau effective June 30.
He came to the Canal Zone from California where he
served as Repair Superintendent at the Long Beach
Naval Shipyard. An engineering duty officer, the
new Industrial Bureau Director has also served at
the New York Naval Shipyard and before that time
had lengthy service at sea. He was born in Farmers-
ville, Tex., and was graduated from the Naval
Academy at Annapolis in 1930.

Long-Range Studies On Canal Investment
Will Set Firm Basis For Fiscal Policies



All Records Are Shattered As Canal Ends
Busiest Fiscal Year In Its Entire History



{Continued from page i) monetary values,
wage scales, and changes of a varying
nature which might affect the revenues
and operating costs of the Canal.

First Phase Near End

The investment and depreciation study
is being conducted by the Plant Inven-
tory and Appraisal Staff. Other Com-
pany units and porsonnel will assist in
specialized phases.

The first phase, now being concluded
by the Plant Inventory and Appraisal
Staff, is what might be termed a "quick
inventory" of the physical properties.
Its purpose is to arrive at principal figures,
within a narrow margin of error, and a
quick review of probable service lives of
physical property, which can be used for
an investment and depreciation base.
A report on this phase of the long-range
study is being prepared for consideration
of the Board of Directors in its determi-
nation on the adequacy of present rates
of tolls.

This telescoped phase to provide a
close estimate of the value of the Canal
and its allied facilities together with its
accrued depreciation to date is to be
followed by a detailed inventory, cost
analysis, and depreciation studies. Aside
from the objective of providing a broad
foundation for the Government's fiscal
policies in operating the Panama Canal,
the long-range study will also provide a
comprehensive and adequate plant ac-
counting system that should make unnec-
essary any studies of this nature in the
future. It is expected that the plant
appraisal program will extend over a
period of two to three years.

Consultants Engaged

The consultant services of two of the
leading firms in their fields have been
engaged to assist in the study and to
provide expert and unbiased opinions on
its various developments.

Ebasco Services, Inc., of New York,
has been engaged to furnish engineering
consulting services in connection with the
establishment of estimated service lives
of the major plant and equipment and



All existing records in the history of
the Panama Canal for commercial traffic,
tolls, and cargo shipped through the
waterway were broken in the fiscal year
1953 which ended June 30.

Figures on the number of transits by
ocean-going commercial ships and tolls for
any previous year were topped by the end
of May, with June totals still to be added
to complete the 1953 record.

Although figures on the surging traffic
of the past fiscal year were still incomplete
when this edition of The Canal Review
went to press, the number of transits had
passed the 7,400 mark, exceeding by
875 the record total set in the previous
fiscal year.

Tolls were expected to climb to
approximately $31,900,000, well above
the former record total of $27,128,893
collected in the boom year of 1929.

The amount of cargo shipped through
the Canal last year was well above any
previous totals for one year. During the
first 11 months of the past fiscal year
more than 32,830,000 long tons had been
moved through the Canal. The former
record for any year was 33,610,509 long
tons which was established in the fiscal
year 1952.

The surge of commercial traffic through
the Canal began during the early part of
the calendar year 1952 and, for the first
time since the Canal was opened to
traffic in 1914, a monthly record of more



than 600 transits by large commercial
ships was recorded in March 1952. This
record was to be broken three times
during the following 12-month period.

The record was broken in May 1952
with 622 transits; in October with 673
transits; and again in March of this year
with 678 transits.

Aside from the heavy flow of commer-
cial traffic during the past fiscal year, the
number of Government^owned vessels in
transit was well above that of the previous
year. Tolls credits for these vessels
"amounted to $3,481,681 during the first
11 months of the past fiscal year, which
was approximately $800,000 higher than
figures for a comparable period of the
previous fiscal year.

In addition to other new record totals
in shipping last year, the daily average
number of large ships locked through the
Canal was the highest in history. The
daily average number of transits for the
first 11 months was 23.2, for both com-
mercial and Government vessels, as
compared with the previous record of
19.9 transits in the fiscal year 1952.

Although most of the principal trade
routes through the Canal showed gains in
the past year, the heavy traffic was attri-
buted principally to big gains on those
between the east coast of the United
States/Canada and Asia; the United
States intercoastal; and the east coast of
the United States and South America.



Canal Ends Half Century's Association

(Continued from page 4) User's bill was Cut

by "10 cents silver per 1,000 gallons,"
if the account was paid within 15 days
of the due date. The rate in Colon was
higher: "$9 silver a quarter for 10,000
gallons," and "90 cents silver" for each
additional 1,000 gallons. Meters were
not installed until the middle of 1907.
Filtration Plants

Filtered water came later. A filtration
plant was opened at Mt. Hope February
23, 1914, and the Miraflores Filtration
Plant went into service March 14, 1915.

On August 1, 1926, Panama and the
United States signed an agreement,
whereby the United States was to do
street cleaning and garbage collections in
Panama and Colon, Panama bearing
three-quarters of the cost and the Canal
Zone the remaining quarter.

On May 28, 1942, the United States
and Panama entered into what is known
as a "General Relations Agreement,"
and under a provision of this the United
States, on January 1, 1946, transferred
the water and sewage systems to the
Republic of Panama. At this date the
unamortized value of water and sewerage
systems and pavements in the Republic
of Panama was $669,226.38.

Management Contract

On this same day, Panama and The
Panama Canal signed a management con-
tract under which the Canal agreed to



manage the water and sewerage systems
and the street paving functions for Pana-
ma's account in Panama City and Colon.

All of Colon was included in the
management contract but only that part
of Panama City between the tip of the
city at French Plaza and the old Tumba
Muerto Road— close to El Panama
Hotel— was in the contract. Panama
itself handled water in the suburban areas.

The Republic's share of the garbage
collection and street cleaning costs was
to be paid from proceeds of the collections
for the water and sewerage accounts.

Early last month, the Maintenance
Division which maintained the streets and
handled the water management contract
had eight U. S.-rate and 73 local-rate
employees on this work. The Health
Bureau, which handled garbage and
trash collection, employed four U. S.-rate
men and about 700 local-rate employees
on this part of their work.

The new arrangement, which went into
effect this week, does not affect the New
Cristobal-Colon Beach and Fort DeLes-
seps area, since the 1946 transfer specific-
ally provides that the United States has
full responsibility, without cost to Pan-
ama, of maintaining and operating water
and sewerage systems in these U. S.-
occupied areas, as well as maintaining,
cleaning and keeping in repair all streets
and pavements and collecting all garbage
in these sections.



possibly other advisory services. The
services of Lybrand, Ross Bros. &
Montgomery, Certified Public Account-
ants, of New York, have also been
obtained to provide advisory and con-
sulting services on the knotty accounting
and financial problems.

In addition to these, the Department
of Commerce is providing assistance in



preparing estimates on future Canal
traffic trends and economic aspects which
affect world shipping. A representative
of the Department's maritime division
spent a week here late in May to collect
statistical data on Canal traffic. This
will be augmented by information obtain-
able from Government sources in Wash-
ington and sources elsewhere.



14



THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW



July 3,1953



PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS



ANNIVERSARIES



May 15 through June 15



Employees who were promoted or trans-
ferred between May 15 and June IS are
listed below. Regradings and within-grade
promotions are not listed.

ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH

George Vieto, from Clerk-Typist to
Passenger Traffic Clerk.

Robert E. Dolan, from Checker, Locks
Overhaul, to File Clerk, Record Section.

CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU

Carl R. Meissner, from Checker, Locks
Overhaul, to Life Guard, Division of
Schools.

Reed E. Hopkins, Jr., from Lock Over-
haul Foreman to Fireman, Fire Division.

Joseph B. Clemmons, Jr., from Estates
Administrator to Assistant Chief and
Deputy Public Administrator, Customs and
Immigration Division.

Earl F. Unruh, from Post Office In-
spector to Assistant Chief and Post Office
Inspector, Postal Services.

Mrs. Jean A. Violette, from Clerk-
Typist, Physical Education and Recreation
Branch, to Typist, Schools Division.

Ruth C. Crozier, Mrs. Elsie D. Naugh-
ton, from Elementary School Teacher to
Elementary School Principal, Schools Divi-
sion.

John N. Gorham, from Student Assist-
ant to Recreation Assistant, Physical
Education and Recreation Branch.

Mrs. Margaret B. Zeimetz, Clerk-
Stenographer, from Commissary Division
to Police Division.

Grady O. Gailey, from Automobile
Serviceman and Heavy Truck Driver,
Motor Transportation Division, to Fire-
man, Fire Division.

Culver M. Call, from Guard, Atlantic
Locks, to Postal Clerk.

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER

Donald M. Luke, from Systems Ac-
countant, Cost Accounts Branch to Assist-
ant Chief, Divisional Accounts Branch.

Ralph F. Schnell, from Organization
and Methods Examiner to Analytical
Statistician, Management Staff.

Mrs. Flor E. Martin, Mrs. Jewell F.
Story, from Clerk-Typist, License Section
to Typist, Cost Accounts Branch.

Mrs. Chevillette R. Dougherty, from
Typist, Cost Accounts Branch, to Clerk-
Typist, Plant Inventory and Appraisal
Staff.

Genevieve F. Quinn, Accounting Clerk,
from Agents Accounts Branch to Cost
Accounts Branch.

Mrs. Eldermae A. Duff, Accounting
Clerk, from Cost Accounts Branch to
Agents Accounts Branch.

Mrs. Patricia E. LeBrun, from Typist,
Cost Accounts Branch, to Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, Claims Branch.

Patricia G. Neckar, from Clerk-Typist,
Division of Storehouses, to Typist, Cost
Accounts Branch.

Mrs. Evelyn R. Reynolds, from Typist,
Cost Accounts Branch, to Clerk-Typist,
Payroll Branch.

Mrs. Elizabeth Sudron, from Payroll
Clerk, Payroll Branch, to Claims Examiner,
Claims Branch.

Mrs. Dema M. McCord, Card Punch
Operator, from Tabulating Machine Branch
to Payroll Branch.

Edward H. Appin, from Clerk-Typist to
'Tabulating Machine Operator, Payroll
Branch.

Joyce T. Clarke, from Card Punch
Operator to 'Time, Leave and Payroll Clerk,
Payroll Branch.

Mrs. Ida H. Fuller, from Payroll Clerk
to Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Payroll
Branch.

Mrs. Daisy M . Tettenburn, from Clerk-
Typist to Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk,
Payroll Branch.

Mrs. Mary E. Becker, from Payroll
Supervisor to Accounting Clerk, Payroll
Branch.

John H. Morales, from Payroll Clerk to
Supervisory Accountant, Payroll Branch.

Helen N. Minor, from Payroll Clerk to



Time, Leave, and Payroll Clerk, Payroll
Branch.

ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU

James G. F. Trimble, from Construc-
tion Inspector, Contract and Inspection
Division, to W'ireman, Electrical Division.

Joseph A. Howland, from Lock Oper-
ator-Wireman, Pacific Locks, to Power-
house Operator, Electrical Division.

Robert C. Heppner, from Lock Oper-
ator-Wireman, Pacific Locks, to Wireman,
Electrical Division.

Leo Chester, from Foreman, Lock
Overhaul, to Filtration Plant Operator,
Maintenance Division.

Mrs. Jessie G. Harris, Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, from Marine Bureau to Maintenance
Division.

Mrs. Neva M. Short, from Clerk-Typist
to Accounting Clerk, Electrical Division.

Mrs. Marian M. Langford, from
Substitute Teacher, Schools Division, to
Clerk Typist, Electrical Division.

HEALTH BUREAU

Mrs. Ruth H. Powell, from Clerk-
Typist, Aids to Navigation, to Storekeeper
(Checker), Gorgas Hospital.

Mrs. Ana L. Alvarez, from Clerk-
Typist, Board of Health Laboratory, to
Dictating Machine Transcriber, Gorgas
Hospital.

INDUSTRIAL BUREAU

John Van der Heyden, from Principal
Foreman, Locks Overhaul, to Shipwright,
Industrial Bureau.

Arthur E. Rizcalla, from Helper, Locks
Overhaul, to Guard, Industrial Bureau.

MARINE BUREAU

Alfred T. Veit, from Chief Tovvboat
Engineer to Senior Chief Tovvboat Engin-
eer, Dredging Division.

Charles Q. Peters, Jr., from Foreman,
Locks Overhaul, to Ferry Ramp Operator.

Daniel A. Marsicano, from Rigger,
Locks Overhaul, to Pump Operator, Dredg-
ing Division.

Howard J. Schwartzman, Ben F.
Smith, from Pilot-in-Training, to Proba-
tionary Pilot.

Vernon C. Whitehead, from Proba-
tionary Pilot to Qualified Pilot.

James T. Campbell, from Helper,
Locks Overhaul, to Signalman, Navigation
Division.

David Vinokur, from Ferry Ramp
Operator, to Pump Operator, Pipeline
Suction Dredge.

Max J. Karton, from File Clerk, Admin-
istrative Branch, to Guard, Locks Division.

PERSONNEL BUREAU

John H. Terry, from Appointment
Clerk, to Supervisory Personnel Assistant,
Personnel Records Division.

Helen L. Dudak, from Appointment
Clerk to Supervisory Appointment Clerk,
Personnel Records Division.

Mrs. Kathyleen R. Miller, from Per-
sonnel Clerk-Typist to Supervisory Appoint-
ment Clerk, Personnel Records Division.

Mrs. Dorothy K. Gadberry, Clerk-
Typist, from Division of Storehouses, to
Personnel Records Division.

RAILROAD AND TERMINALS BUREAU

Edward S. Weil, from Foreman, Locks
Overhaul, to Gauger and Cribtender Fore-
man, Terminals Division.

SUPPLY AND SERVICE BUREAU

Harold R. Bodell, from Steam Loco-
motive Crane Operator, Pacific Locks
Overhaul, to Storekeeper (Shipping), Com-
missary Division.

Charles Hair, from Signalman, Naviga-
tion Division, to Commissary Assistant.

Ralph N. Stewart, from Storekeeper to
Supervisory Accounting Clerk, Commissary
I )ivision.

Gilbert H. Furey, from Assistant
Printer to Superintendent of Printing,
Printing Plant.



Employees who observed important anni-
versaries during the month of June are
listed alphabetically below. The number
of years includes all Government service
with the Canal or other agencies. Those
with continuous service with the Canal are
indicated with (*).

35 YEARS

*Eugene C. Lombard, Executive Secre-
tary.

iO YEARS

*Ulrich W. Hughes, Leader, Electrical
Instrument Repairman, Electrical Division.

Walter E. Zimmerman, Lock Oper-
ator, Atlantic Locks.

25 YEARS

Walter J. Allen, File Supervisor, Admin-
istrative Branch.

Harry B. Friedland, Clerk, Lighthouse
Subdivision.

Elmer J. Hack, Clerk, Administrative
Branch.

Max R. Hart, Safety Inspector, Supply
and Service Bureau.

Edward W. Hatchett, Teacher, Balboa
High School.

*Albert J. Joyce, Wireman, Electrical
Division.

James H. Rheney, Repair Shop Fore-
man, Railroad and Terminals Bureau.

*J. Bartley Smith, Electrical Engineer,
Electrical Division.

Mabel A. Sneider, Operating Room
Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.

Claude W. Wade, Steward, Clubhouse
Division.

20 YEARS

Edwin M. McGinnis, Supervising Esti-
mating Engineer, Engineering Division.

Robert M. Turner, Maintenance Me-
chanic, Maintenance Division.

William S. Walston, Mate, Pipeline
Suction Dredge, Dredging Division.

Leonard Wolford, Marine Traffic Con-
troller, Navigation Division.
15 YEARS

Leland Brooks, Tovvboat Master, Navi-
gation Division.

Alwyn DeLeon, Claims Examiner, Comp-
troller's Office.

Henry P. Kilcorse, Tovvboat Master,
Dredging Division.

*William E. LeBrun, Administrative
Assistant, Internal Security Branch.

Morgan J. Neabry, W'ireman, Electrical
Division.

Jack E. Scott, Carman, Railroad
Division.

Irene S. Walling, Clerk-Stenographer,
Police Division.

Margaret F. Wiggin, Clerk-Stenog-
rapher, Comptroller's Office.



JULY SAILINGS



From Cristobal

Cristobal July 3

Ancon July 10

Panama July 17

Cristobal July 24

A neon July 3 1

From New York

I' mi a ma July 7

Cristobal July 14

Ancon July 21

Panama July 28

(Northbound, the ships are in Haiti from
7 a. m. to noon Sunday; southbound, the
Haiti stop is Saturday from 7 a. m. to
4 p. m.)



RETIREMENTS IN JUNE



Retirement certificates were presented
the end of June to the following employees
who are listed alphabetically, together
with their birthplace, titles, length of service
and future addresses:

Ernest C. Cotton, Ohio; Superintendent,
Printing Plant; 42 years, 3 months, 11 days;
Address uncertain.

Mai L. Dodson, Delaware; Foreman,



July 3,1953



THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW



15



Premium-Grade Gasoline
Will Go On S ale July 10

Premium-grade gasoline will go on
sale about July 10 in all Canal retail
gasoline stations except those at Gatun
and Pedro Miguel, according to the
Supply and Service Bureau. The high-
test gasoline will retail at two cents
above the present price of motor-grade
gasoline.

A contract for 62,000 barrels 2,604, -
000 gallons— of the premium-grade
gasoline was awarded early last month
to the Texas Company. This is a six-
month supply. The first gasoline pur-
chased under the contract will arive in
Cristobal about July 6, and the tanker
is expected to discharge in Balboa two
days later.

Minor alterations are being made at
the tank farms and service stations for
handling of the high-test gasoline.



Extra-Curricular Recreation Activities

To Be Curtailed Because Of Budget Cut



Eligibility Card Rules
Changed Effective July 1



The Central Labor Office Wednes-
day began issuance of eligibility cards
to applicants who had not served with
U. S. Government agencies or con-
tractors since January 1, 1946.

The change in regulations provides
an opportunity to seek employment
to young people, never employed in
the Canal Zone, and to older persons


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