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Gift of the Panama Canal Museum Qa^\ J-)^%~0^




Vol. 5, No. 10



BALBOA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE, MAY 6, 1955



5 cents



Zone Will Participate
in Civil Defense Test
Planned For Entire U.S.



The first Zone-wide civil defense test
since the World War II period is being
planned for June 15.

Governor Seybold has accepted the in-
vitation of the Federal Civil Defense
Administration to participate in the
national test exercise, "Operation Alert
195.5" which will include all 48 States of
the Union, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto
Rico.

The extent of participation will vary
from State to State and from locality to
locality. Here in the Canal Zone it is
planned to have a complete public test
in a ten-minute alert, to be followed by
a test exercise by the Control Center Staff
on the Atlantic side. Control Point Com-
manders and their immediate staffs in
their respective areas, and a limited, small
scale exercise of the Townsite Warden
Service.

In the ten-minute alert, all non-vital
vehicular traffic on the highways will be
required to pull to the side of the road
and stop but occupants will remain in
their cars. All residents in the Zone will
be asked to seek shelter either in their
homes or at work. Pedestrians or persons
employed in the open when the sirens
sound will seek the nearest available
shelter.

The test alert will come in the early
afternoon of June 15 with the alert to be
sounded over the attack warning system.

FCDA Sets Test Standards

The standards to be used in the hypo-
thetical attack have been prescribed for
the Canal Zone by the Federal Civil De-
fense Administration. They call for an
atomic attack with an aerial burst over
the Canal Administration Building at
Balboa Heights.

Under this simulated condition, it will
be assumed that the principal Control
Center of the Civil Defense Organization
on the Pacific side would be inoperative.
For this reason, it is planned to hold the
Control Center exercises on the Atlantic
side with the alternate Control Center
Staff actively participating.

The test exercise for Control Point
Commanders and their staffs which will
follow the alert will consist chiefly of a
communications test, utilizing both Canal
Zone Police radio cars and portable radio
units

The townsite Warden Service exercise
will consist of the various Section Ward-
ens; the manning of Child Care Centers;
and rendering first aid to simulated casu-
alties by first aid squads.

Details of the Zone-wide exercise are
being planned by W. G. Dolan, Chief of
the Canal Zone Civil Defense.



Limited Polio Inoculation Program In Zone
Is Required Until More Vaccine Is Received



The Salk Vaccine news— one of the
great medical stories of the century-
struck the Canal Zone last month with
the same force that it did thousands of
towns and cities all over the United States

The ink was scarcely dry on the papers




■ '^




WHOA, NOW, DOCTOR! Two-year-old .James D.
Craig is very much concerned about his inoculation
which is being done by Dr. Robert I. Berger, Chief
of the Outpatient Clinic at Gorgas Hospital. .James
is the son of Mr. and Mrs. William T. Craig, and his
father is an employee at the Pacific Locks. A more
spirited outburst on his part was probably avoided by
soothing words from his mother who was with him.
He was one of the first nine children to be inoculated
with the new Salk vaccine at Gorgas. Ten others
were inoculated the same day at Coco Solo Hospital.



making the announcement that the new
vaccine is effective against polio before
Canal Zone health authorities were del-
uged w^ith inquiries and requests. While
these have subsided somewhat, many
questions are still being asked as to when
and how much vaccine will be received;
and the who, when, and where questions
about inoculations.

The answers to many of these questions
are still to come since Zone health author-
ities have not received such information
from the United States where the vaccine
is manufactured and where it is being
allocated.

The first inoculations in the Canal
Zone took place on Friday afternoon,
April 22, just 10 days after the announce-
ment was made as to its effectiveness.

Six Months To 16 Years

Because of the limited supply received,
the inoculations are being restricted to
childi'en between the ages of six months
and 16 years who are leaving for summer
vacations in the United States. Nineteen
were vaccinated the first day and since
then the vaccine has been administered
daily at the Outpatient Clinics at Gorgas
and Coco Solo Hospitals.

Children and parents are individually
notified when to report and the inocula-
tions are being scheduled as rapidly as
possible so that the maximum number
of children will have time for the two doses
required for immunization before leaving
for the States. The doses are given at
approximately two week intervals, with
a third dose being given about seven
months later.

Cards showing the (See page is)




ANTICIPATIO.X AND apprehension show on the faces of these young Pacific side residents as they
wait in the office of the Outpatient Clinic at Gorgas Hospital for their inoculations. Reading from left ..
to right are: .John Omenitsch, William Craig, Mrs. Craig and son James, Robert and 10-month-old Ste-
ven Omenitsch, George Gattoni (seated), and .Juan Hansen.



THE PANAMA, CANAL REVIEW



May 6, 1955




A PANEL of teachers and parents enlivened the last meeting of the Diablo Heights PTA with a discus-
sion of special educational features. Standing at the back is Lt. Col. E. B. Jennings, President of the
PTA. Panel members seated at the table include R. W. CoUinge, Miss (Sladys Elkins, Miss Naomi
Griithjan, and Mrs. Elizabeth McNevin, of the teacher group; and Mrs. C .Jacnbson and Capt. .!. Mc-

Tollins, representing parents.



Renewed Interest Shown In Formation

Of Zone Parent-Teacher Associations

Renewed interest is being shown in the
organization of Parent-Teacher Associa-
tions in the Canal Zone after a lapse of
several years and already one organiza-
tion is fully functioning and three others
are well into the formative stage.

The bellwether of these groups has been
the Diablo Heights Elementary School
Parent-Teacher Association. It was or-
ganized in February and under the vigor-
ous leadership of its President, Lt. Col.
Edward B. Jennings, Project Engineer
for the power conversion program, two
successful monthly meetings have been
held which were attended by about 100
or more parents of children in that school.

Also fully organized and ready to ini-
tiate a definite program based on a closer
cooperation between the home and school
is the Atlantic Side Parent-Teacher Asso-
ciation. Mrs. Dorothy Leach of New
Cristobal is President of this group. In-
stead of being strictly an individual school
group, this association includes all United
States schools on the Atlantic side.
Latin American PTA

Two Parent-Teacher Associations have
also been recently formed by the Latin
American schools. These are at La Boca
and Paraiso. Officers for both of the asso-
ciations have been selected with Mrs.
Eulean Harris as President of the Paraiso
group, and Christopher Hey wood as Pres-
ident of the La Boca Association.

With the earlier closing of the Latin
American schools this year, these associa-
tions are still in the process of formation
and defining their aims and objectives. A
committee has been organized at La Boca
to work out a program for the association
and leaders of both groups expect to be
ready for full-swing activities by the time
school reopens in July.

The organization of parenl^teacher
groups in the Canal Zone communities
this year has followed a suggestion made
to the various Civic Councils by Governor
Seybold. The proposal has met with ex-
cellent response and the Civic Councils
in both La Boca and Paraiso have taken
the initiative in forming the association,
and the Civic Councils of other commun-
ities have assisted in the program which
has the whole-hearted support of school
administrative officials.

Since the Diablo Heights Association is
a going concern, its policies and objectives
as defined in the bylaws will form a pat-
tern for other groups, particularly since
they follow, in the main, those of the Na-
tional Congress of Parents and Teachers.

Three basic policies have been adopted
by the Diablo PTA which are: That the
purpose of the association shall be educa-
tional and shall be developed through con-
ferences, committees, and projects; that
it shall be non-commercial, non-sectarian,
and non-partisan; and that it shall not
seek to direct the administrative activities
of the school nor to control its policies.

Quoting directly from the bylaws, the
objectives are:

To promote the welfare of children and
youth in home, schools, church, and com-
munity.

To raise the standards of home life.

To secure adequate laws for the care
and protection of children and youth.

To bring into closer relation the home



and the school, that parents and teachers
may cooperate intelligently in the train-
ing of the child.

To develop between educators and the
general public such united efforts as will
secure for every child the highest advan-
tages in physical, mental, social, and spir-
itual education.

Basic Objectives Identical

Although other PTA's being formed or
to be formed may outline their policies
and objectives differently and may in-
clude special projects of interest in their
respective communities, these set the basic
principles which are sponsored by the
National Congress. Leaders of the local
units expect the Zone associations to be-
come formally affiliated with the National
Congress of Parents and Teachers at a
later date. They have already received
literature from the national body for use
in guidance in the matters of organiza-
tion, policies, and objectives.

While the underlying principles of the
Parent^Teacher Associations may be sub-
stantially the same, they are sufficiently
broad to provide a highly varied and inter-
esting program designed to attain the ob-
jectives in individual communities. Thus,
the monthly meetings may be brought
down to specific subjects or objectives.

Typical of this was the April meeting
of the Diablo Heights Association. It was
devoted to a panel discussion on the facil-
ities and requirements pertaining to spe-




MRS. DOROTHY LEACH
President of the Atlantic side VTA



cial educational services of the school.
The panel was led by Roger W. Collinge,
Assistant, Superintendent of Schools and
Director of Elementary Education. Par-
ticipating were both parents and teachers.
The panel was followed by a question-
and-answer session in which such subjects
as the need for a reduction in the number
of elementary students per teacher, the
requirement for a full-time resident school
doctor, the Spanish course, and child be-
havior, were discussed in detail.

Children's Project Meeting

The program for the May meeting was to
follow a completely different line. It was
planned to make that a "children's pro-
ject" meeting at which time it was planned
to present special projects which have
been pursued by the various students dur-
ing the school year. The June meeting
will be primarily a business meeting with
the annual election of officers.

Since the student body of the Diablo
Heights Elementary School is made up
of children from several different com-
munities, the roster of officers is appro-
priately representative of these. Other
officers serving this year with Colonel
Jennings are: Mrs. Nina Harmon, of Fort
Clayton, Vice President; Mrs. Hall, of
Curundu Heights, Secretary; Robert L.
Blaney, of Diablo Heights, Treasurer; and
Mrs. Frances Baggott, of Curundu, Pub-
licity Officer. Miss Ruth Creasy, Princi-
pal of the Diablo school, is the School
Advisor and member of the Executive
Committee.

All three of the meetings held by the
Diablo group have been well attended,
and Colonel Jennings attributes this
largely to the efforts of a "Calling Com-
mittee" which was appointed at the out-
set. It is the duty of the members of thi^
committee to call personally every parent
a day or two before the meeting to remind
and invite them to attend.

Atlantic Side Officers

Officers of the Atlantic Side Parent-
Teacher Association also come from sev-
eral different communities. Serving with
Mrs. Leach as President are: Mrs Evelyn
Muncy, of Fort Gulick, Vice President;
Mrs. Leonore Butts, of Margarita, Sec-
retary; and Paul Baker, of Coco Solo,
Treasurer. The teacher member of the
Executive Committee of the association



May 6, 1955



THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW




THIS AUDIENCE of more than a hundred listens attentively as Roger W, Collinge, Assistant Schools

Superintendent and Director of Elementary Education, leads a panel discussion at Diablo Heights

Parent-Teacher Association meeting. The panel discussed the facilities and requirements pertaining to

special educational services of the Diablo Heights Elementary School.



is Miss Frances Moomaw, Principal of
South Margarita Elementary School.
-. The Atlantic side group held its second
meeting late last month at which time
Colonel Jennings was the guest speaker.
In addition to telling briefly what the
Diablo Heights group has accomplished
thus far, he outlined some of the basic
problems which parentrteacher associa-
tions always encounter. Over 100 parents
and teachers attended the meeting.

The Atlantic Side Association has
planned tentatively to hold its meetings
every third Monday. A committee has
been appointed to draft bylaws for the
association and these are expected to be
considered at the May meeting.

The formation of the Parent-Teacher
Associations in the Canal Zone this year
may, in a sense, be termed a revival.
The history of the PTA in the Canal Zone
goes back more than 35 years but it is
by no means a consecutive story.
First PTA In Balboa

According to Canal records, the first
such group organized, about 1920, was the
Parent-Teachers' Cooperative Associa-
tion, of Balboa, of which H. N. Engelke
was President. A Parent-Teachers Asso-
ciation of Cristobal High School, with
Mrs. F. H. Townsend as President, was
formed about four years later. Appar-
ently interest lagged and the association
was short lived. Efforts to form similar
organizations on the Atlantic side several
years later did not meet with successful
response.

A considerable amount of public inter-
est in the formation of Parent-Teacher
Associations in the Canal Zone was gen-
erated about eight years ago with the
result that several were formed and were
active for three or four years. Most of
these were formed about 1947 and the list
included associations for the Balboa Jun-
ior and Senior high schools, Ancon, Di-
ablo Heights, and Balboa elementary
schools, and four associations in the local-
rate communities at Red Tank, Paraiso,
Rainbow City, and Santa Cruz.

Interest Lagged Five Years Ago

None of these have been active for
about five years and after the first burst
of enthusiasm interest waned and attend-
ance at meetings gradually fell off until
formal meetings were discontinued.

The leaders in the present move to
form Parent-Teacher Associations hope to
reverse this trend by the stimulation of
continuing interest in a well-rounded pro-
gram which will attract both the attention
and support of both parents and teachers



Colonel Jennings, one of the "sparkplugs"
in the present revival, fully believes that
this can be done by proper leadership and
cooperation among the two groups most
vitally interested in the promotion of good
relationship between the home and school.

RETIRES THIS MONTH




F. H. IRWIN

Frank H. Irwin closed more than 30
years of continuous service with the
Canal organization earlier this week, al-
most half of which has been served as
head of the Engineering Division. He
and Mrs. Irwin plan to leave within the
next few days to make their home in
California. His retirement becomes effec-
tive at the end of May.

Mr. Irwin has been active in many
civic and community affairs for many
years. He has also been Chairman of
Local Board No. 1 of the Selective Service
System since it was formed and has
served as a member of the Canal Zone
Pardon Board.

Many Canal Officials See
Joint Armed F orces Test

A large number of officials in the Canal
organization were invited to witness the
various phases of Exercise Barracuda this
week.

This exercise was a joint U. S. Armed
Forces maneuver designed to test the de-
fense of the Canal against attack by an
agressor ground force.

Climax of the Exercise was a parachute
jump at Rio Hato by some 800 para-
troopers of the Eleventh Airborne Divi-
sion of Fort Campbell, Ky. More than
2,000 troops participated in the maneuver.



All Panama Line Ships
Filled For Northbound
May And June Sailings

When the Panama Line Ancon sails
next Saturday from Cristobal for New
York the annual exodus of Canal employ-
ees and their families for summer vaca-
tions in the United States will be started
in full swing.

While travel this year is not expected
to be heavier than previous years, all
Panama Line ships for the months of May
and June will be well filled. By the latter
part of last week, full bookings were re-
ported for all sailings in these two months
except for a few spaces left on the SS
Panama for its May 21st trip northbound.

The Panama returned to passenger
service on its last southbound sailing to
provide sufficient accommodations for
employees and their families during the
rush vacation period. The change was
made in anticipation of a substantial in-
crease in travel by the Panama Line fol-
lowing instructions issued early in April
for the use of travel on the Line for free
home leave travel except in the relatively
few cases where travel by other means to
the States would be more economical.

Employees taking advantage of the
free home leave travel regulations may
use other forms of travel to the States if
they so desire by paying the difference
between the reduced rates on the Panama
Line and the cost of travel by other means.
Few Disruptions Caused

The two changes last month relating
to travel caused comparatively little dis-
ruption to employee plans. Some re-
assignments were made to the Panama
for its first two northbound sailings in
passenger service and these were on a
voluntary basis. Also, many of those
sailing last Saturday had planned other
forms of travel and changed to go on the
Panama Line after the new instructions
were issued.

It was announced last month that
changes in the sailing date for any em-
ployees as a result of the Panama return-
ing to passenger service would be made
by the Chief of the Administrative
Branch. Very few reassignments in sail-
ing dates have been necessary and these
were also on a voluntary basis after con-
sultation with the individuals concerned.

The "teachers' special" for the north-
bound trip this year will be the Panama
on its June 1 1th sailing. As in past years,
employees with children of school age
will be given priority in assignment on
the two sailings before and the two after
the teachers' special.

This will be the first summer vacation
in which Canal employees have the op-
portunity to take advantage of the free
home leave travel. The legislation for
free home leave travel was enacted last
August after most employees had already
taken their vacation.

Although travel to the States is ordi-
narily by the Panama Line, employees
and their families may use any form of
travel they desire in going to their homes
from New York. If they travel by private
automobile, they are entitled to reim-
bursement on a mileage basis for the
most direct route from New York to their
home.



THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW



May 6, 1955



Hundreds Of Zonians Have Received Help
From Past Donations Made to Cancer Fund



With the eradication of polio now a
possibility through the development of
the Salk vaccine, medical science is ex-
pected to tackle with renewed vigor one
of the greatest killers of mankind and
one of man's most dr?ad diseases cane r.

Again this month Isthmian residents
will have an opportunity to aid in this
great fight by their donations to the Can-
cer Fund which has the two-fold purpose
of providing financial assistance to those
stricken and funds or research. Although
the generosity of local residents has been
amply demonstrated by gifts amounting
to more than $50,000 during the past five
years, the story of how this money is
"spent and what is being accomplished
here in the Canal Zone is little known.

Some part of the story is told in a
message being issued by Governor Sey-
bold. Chairman of the Canal Zone Cancer
Committee, inviting contributions.
$9,079 In Financial Aid

"Since May 1954 " he said, "the date
for the opening of the previous campaign,
72 patients were furnished hospital serv-
ices, medical care, and financial assistance
by the Committee. During this same
period disbiu-sements to patients alone
amounted to $9,079. In addition, to this
local expenditure, $3,857 was transmitted
to, the American Cancer Society specifi-
cally for cancer research. While it is
deeply regretted, you should know that
during the last year in the Canal Zone
there were 11 terminal cases which were
beyond the ability of our doctors to pre-
vent."

This brief statement tells the story of
the more serious cancer cases where direct
financial assistance was provided in hos-
pitalization, medical services, nursing care




BIOPSIES are made free of charge in all examina-
tions for cancer. These are paid for by the Cancer
Fund, being one of the several services in which a
large number of Canal Zone residents benefit directly
bv money donated each year. Dr. Ferruccio Bertoli,
Chief of "Pathology at the Board of Health Labora-
tory, is shown making the microscopic examination
of a piece of tissue to determine if there are any
signs of malignacy.



X-ray treatments, and medical supplies.

In addition to these, many others were
directly benefitted without their know-
ledge. About a year after the first Cancer
Fund Drive was held in the Zone, the
Canal Zone Cancer Committee made ar-
rangements for the Health Bureau to
make direct billings for all charges for
certain services provided in cancer detec-
tion and treatment. These include:

Charges for cancer detection examina-
tions, biopsies, and those not in excess of




DR. D. D. DOrCL.^SS, Acting (_'hief of the X-ray Service at (iorgas Hospital, and Mrs. \ivian Zim-
merman, X-ray Technician, are examining chest .X-rays fur possible indication of cancer. Such examin-
ations are done at no cost to the patients who rarely know that this service is free and is paid for by

the Cancer Fund



$50 for minor operations on indigent pa-
tients. That list has since been increased
and now includes post-operative examina-
tions.

Charges Paid Automatically

These charges are paid out of the Can-
cer Fund, generally without the know-
ledge of the patient. In addition, other
treatment of a minor nature, such as X-
ray and drugs is paid on direct charges
from the hospital without being referred
to the patient.

In a recent summary of expenses in-
curred during a typical quarterly period,
the Executive Chairman of the Commit-
tee reported that direct charges were paid
for 34 consultations, 12 biopsies. X-ray
treatments, and drugs. These were in
addition to financial assistance granted to
fi\-e patients.

These services were provided without
fanfare and while most Zone residents
have personal knowledge of financial
assistance being rendered in isolated cases
of long hospitalization of some friend or
acquaintance, few realize that they them-
selves may have been personally benefit-
ted financially through the Fund.

It is impossible to judge how many lives
may have been saved by this little known
service, but medical authorities are in
complete agreement on the importance of
the early detection of cancer. In its na-
tional drive for funds this year, held dur-
ing April in the States, the American
Cancer Society stated that cancer strikes
one in four persons. Of those stricken,
one is saved by early detection and treat-
ment and one could be saved by earlier
diagnosis.

Educational Program Important

While the Cancer Fund has a two-fold
purpose, primarily, it also serves in an
educational program designed to save the
one out of four whose case might have
been cured by early diagrcsis. And, much


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