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A SERIES OF- BIBLE STUDIES



ON THE



PERSON, PRESENCE AND POWER



OF THE



HOLY SPIRIT.



BY A PASTOR.
rt



1310 OLIVE STREET, ST. LOUIS:

FOR

SAYLOR SPRINGS ASSEMBLY SERIES.
1890.




'Entered according to act of Congress In the year 1889 by E. A. Stone In
the office ol the Llbarlan of Congress at Washington . ' '



DEDICATION.



To our Blessed Lord Jesus Christ,
Who sent the Comforter;

And to His Churches,

Who received His abiding

Presence and Power.



INTRODUCTION. The Creed History Corrupting
influences upon the doctrine Plan of the work
Need of the work Explanatory notes 9

CHAPTER I. The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
Creation Soul Intensifying natural powers
Bestowing gifts Inspiration Providence Lim-
itations 15

CHAPTER II. The Old Testament prophecies Upon
the Messiah Upon the world Upon men With-
in the Church 26

CHAPTER HI. The Holy Spirit with the Son of
Man In conception Witness Filled with
Wrought signs by Was offered by Resurrec-
tion Glorification 34

CHAPTER IV. Christ's teaching Promised Sought
Needed Sevenfold mission Final instruction. 42

CHAPTER V. The Baptism of the Holy Spirit
Promised Fulfillment Order Nature and pur-
pose Temporal features Permanent features .... 53

CHAPTER VI. Sins against the Holy Spirit Blas-
phemy Despising Resisting Tempting Defil-
ing the Temple Quenching Grieving 65



Vi CONTENTS.

CHAPTER VII. What the Holy Spirit does for the
Sinner. Awakens Enlightens Convicts
Regenerates 77

CHAPTER VIII. What the Holy Spirit does for the
Saint. Dwells in Witnesses with Leads Gives
hope Sanctifies Strengthens Intercedes with. 86

CHAPTER IX. The doctrine in Romans eighth chap-
ter 97

CHAPTER X. The fruit of the Spirit Law Neces-
sity Nature Special gifts 108

CHAPTER XI. The Holy Spirit and the Ministry
Calls Directs Makes effective Strengthens . . . 118

CHAPTER XII. The Holy Spirit in the Church
Organization Officers Planting Comforts
Dwells in Relation to Ordinances 127

CHAPTER XIII. Co-operation with the Holy Spirit
Mind Wait Pray in Use Word Walk by
Sow to Be filled with 186

CHAPTER XIV. Tests of the Indwelling Spirit 1
John 4th chap. Confession Overcoming Obey-
ing Love Witness Confidence Love for God. 147

CHAPTER XV. The Holy Spirit and the Word-
Inspires Blesses Makes powerful 159

CHAPTER XVI. The Holy Spirit in Conflict with
Satan Essential Works of the Devil Ancient
In Christ's time Perpetual 167

CHAPTER XVII. Emblems of the Holy Spirit
Tongues of fire Wind Dove Water Seal



CONTENTS. Vll



Earnest Fire 178

CHAPTER XVIII. The Holy Spirit and Apostasy
Regeneration Enlightenment Last State 187



INTRODUCTION.



"I believe in the Holy Spirit." This has
been the expressed creed of Christians during
all the centuries since the ascension of our blessed
Lord. With more or less clearness of vision they
have recognized their dependence upon active co-
operation with the Holy Spirit in order to success,
both in personal growth in grace, and in advanc-
ing the Kingdom of Christ on the earth.

That,at times their understanding of the full
import of his person, presence ami power has been
corrupted by surrounding influences, need not be
deemed strange. Dark fogs have arisen from
the low lands of worldly interests, of physical
infirmities and desires. Dark clouds have over-
hung the sky, driven by the winds of heathen
degration, superstition and ignorance; and at
such times Christians have been led to look for
success in numbers, wealth, social and civil pres-
tige, in magnificent cathedrals, in forms and cer-
emonies ; and have forgotten that God had prom-
ised it, "Not by might, nor by power, but by my



X INTRODUCTION.

spirit." But to-day the vision is growing clearer,
the understanding more perfect.

It must be remembered that so far as human
sources and agencies had to do with it, the cause
of Christ came out from a formal Judaism, and
a corrupt heathanism.

It is not strange, therefore, that frequently the
statements of creeds have neither correctly nor
clearly set forth divine truth. With the Bible
lockedfrom the membership of the Churches, in ob-
scure cells or unknown tongues, with a ministry
often caring more for creeds than the Word of
God ; for the confessional than the gospel of par-
don ; for the form than for the fact ; depending
more for salvation upon the Church than the
Christ; it is not strange that confusion of doctrine
has arisen, and false teaching been heard. To-
day the Christian leaders are standing in clearer
light than ever before. The day of truth is ad-
vancing, and the Sun of Righteousness is well
up the heavens. Churches are coming to recog-
nize their obligations to Christ, and the world.
Missions are planted, or soon will be, in every
nation; the Bible has been, or soon will be,
printed in every language ; and the power of the
Holy Spirit is manifest wherever the Ministry and
Word have gone. It must be wise in view of



INTRODUCTION. XI

these things, to enquire what is the teaching of
the Inspired Word concerning the person, pres-
ence and power of the Holy Spirit. The object
of this volume is solely to make this enquiry
from a Bihle standpoint ; the effort being to collate
and harmonize the various passages of the Word,
as refer direetly to these truths. To-day if Chris-
tians would secure speedily the promised victory
over sin, they must understand the teaching of
the Holy Spirit concerning himself. This is the
dispensation of the Holy Spirit. Just as there
has been a dispensation of Patriarchs, of Law,
of Priests, of Prophets, and of a personal Christ ;
so, now, in the last of the world has come the ao;e
when the Holy Spirit is doing His work in sal-
vation. What could not be secured by any
other means, is being secured by this last agency
of God's Spirit. This has been, and is, the di-
vine plan for teaching the world the absolute,
need of a life from God, of salvation by grace,
of the reality of spiritual things, and of
eternal loss without the direct personal work of
the Holy Spirit upon the soul. To such a study
we come, praying for the guidance of the Holy
Spirit, and that he will make this humble work
a blessing in the salvation of souls and the com-
fort of saints.



XII INTRODUCTION.

In the quotations, the Revised Version has been
largely used, and the references are inserted in
the text rather than in foot notes. The author
has also followed the American Revisers' suggest.
ion, by using the term Holy Spirit instead of
Holy Ghost.

" Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
to the Holy Spirit, as it was in the beginning, is
now and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.



VENI CREATOR SPIRITUS.



1

Veni Creator Spiritus
Mentes tuorum visita
Imple superna gratia
Quae tu creasti pectora.

2

Qui Paraclitus diceris
Donum Dei altissimi
Fons vivus, ignis, charitas
Et spiritalis unctio.

3

Tu septiformis munere
Dextrae Dei tu digitus
Tu site promissum Patris
Sermone ditans guttura.



INTRODUCTION. XIII

4

Accende lumen sensibus
Infunde amorem cordibus
Infirma nostri corporis
Virtute firmans perpeti

5

Hostem repellas longius
Pacemque dones protinus
Ductore sic te praevio
Vitemus omne noxium.

6

Per te sciamus da Patrent
Noscamus atqne Filium
Teque utriusque Spiritum
Credamus omui tempore.

7

Deo Patri fit gloria
Et Filio, qui a mortuis
Surrexit ac Paraclito
In Saeculorum saecula.

Old Latin Hymn.



THE HOLY SPIRIT.



CHAPTER I.



THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE OLD TESTAMENT.

Science joins hands with the Holy Scriptures
in teaching that all life is the gift of God. The
Scriptures alone, however, come to us with the
teaching that it is the Spirit of God which gives
all life. It is by this power that every advance
from lower to higher forms of life has been pos-
sible. In all our study of the Holy Spirit's work
we must keep this thought, then, in plain view,
that he is the great life-giver. Recognizing this
fundamental truth, let us at once proceed to en-
quire what were the earliest manifestations of the
Spirit's power and presence, and what were the
truths God set forth in the Old Testament dispen-
sations concerning his work. That his person
and work were but imperfectly revealed in the
olden times need not be deemed strange ; but we



16 THE HOLY SPIRIT.

shall find that during the entire history of the
world prior to the advent of our blessed Lord, the
agency of the Holy Spirit was recognized by the
inspired writers.

(u) In the morning of creation, when by the
Word all things had been -made, when darkness
covered the entire earth, rolling in emptiness and
desolation, it was "the Spirit of God which moved
upon the face of the waters" (Gen. 1:2) and
brought forth order and developed light and life.
And Job declared, " By by his spirit he hath gar-
nished the heavens." Job 26:13. Thus while it
was by the power of "the Word that all things
were made and without him was not anything
made that was made ;" it was by the Spirit that
life, order and adornment were given to the things
thus created. As will be seen further on, doing
a supplemental work, to the work of Christ, in
nature as well as in grace ; the beauty and order
of the natural world being secured by his Divine
power after creation had occurred.

(b) And after this work when, in the councils
of the Infinite, it was determined to make man,
it was the Holy Spirit who imparted to him life
and gave him understanding. Elihu was right
when in his controversy he declared: " There is
a spirit in man and the inspiration of the Al-



THF HOLY SPIRIT. 17

mighty giveth them understanding." Job 32 :8.
And, again : *' The Spirit of God hath made me
and the Spirit of the Almighty hath given me
life." Job 33 :4 % Job himself had already de-
clared : " The Spirit of God is in my nostrils."
Job 27 :3. It was the same truth recognized by
the Psalmist when having asked, "Whither shall
I go from thy Spirit, and whither shall I flee
from thy presence," he adds " Thine eyes did see
my substance, yet being unperfect, and in thy
Book all were written what days they should be
fashioned when there was none of them." Ps.
139 :7 withlG (mar. reading.)

Life does not spring out of, nor is it developed
from created matter, it is the Divine Spirit act-
ing upon that which the Word has created that
produces life. So we are to understand the
Psalmist: * By the word of the Lord were the
heavens made, and all the HOST of them by the
breath (spirit) of his mouth." Ps. 33:6. Not
only were the hosts of heaven made by him, but
it was his inbreathed spirit that made and marked
the difference between man and all other living
creatures. vide, Gen. 2 :7 ; Job 27 :3 ; Ps.104 :
29, 30; Job 12:10; Is. 42:5. A further study
will also show that the continuation , the preserva-
tion, and maintenance of this life is from the



18 THE HOLY SPIRIT.

same Divine source. So the Psalmist again de-
clares : * ' Thou takest away their ( the creatures )
spirit and they die, and turn again to their dust.
Thou sendest forth thy spirit and they are cre-
ated, and thou renewest the form of the earth.
Ps. 104 :29, 30.

Thus does the Word in the beginning recognize
that it was the Spirit of God inbreathed that
made man a living soul; gave him the powers by
which his superiority over all the rest of God's
creation on earth is plainly manifested. But sin
entered not only the garden, but theheartof man,
and he fell ; and therefore the Spirit in his work
must deal with man as a sinner ever after.

(c) A study of the Old Testament will reveal
that this dealing was largely with men as individ-
uals and not as a race. Especial emphasis should
be laid -on the fact that the Holy Spirit took the
natural powers with which man was endowed in
creation and in individuals divinely chosen to es-
pecial office and work, enlarged and intensified
their natural endowments. So God declared to
Moses concerning Bezaleel : " I have filled him
with the Spirit of God in wisdom and understand-
ing and in knowledge and in all manner of work-
manship," etc. Ex. 31 :3. And so when the
elders were chosen to co-operate with Moses, God



THE HOLY SPIRIT. 19

said: " I will take of the Spirit which is upon
thee and will put it upon them and they shall bear
the burden of the people with thee that thou bear
it not thyself alone." Num. 11 :17. And so of
Gideon, Jephthah, Samson and others among the
Judges. When the Holy Samuel came to anoint
David, after he had poured the oil upon him in
the midst of his brethren, "The Spirit of the
Lord came upon David from that day forward."
1 Sam. 16 :13. This special fitting for service did
not imply either a permanent blessing or holiness
of life as is apparent in thecasesof Samson, Saul
and even David. It only signified that for his
own purposes, in developing the plan of redemp-
tion, God used certain men and by the Holy
Spirit specially fitted them for such purpose.
These passages expressly declare the operation of
the Holy Spirit upon the minds and hearts of God' s
chosen servants, for an especial work; but they
do not imply the continuance or abiding presence
of the Spirit. Nay, David's prayer, "Take not
thy Holy Spirit from me," (Ps. 51:11), would
imply the possible removal of the Spirit from the
soul for cause and it is declared in the case of
Saul that this was true. 1 Sam. 16 :14. It must be
remembered, however, that this is true only of
the Spirit's work in imparting the special gifts to



20 THE HOLY SPIRIT.

those whom God had called to specific work and
not to his power in making men holy or in enab-
ling them to live a righteous life in the world.

(d) But there was also a work of the Spirit
in warning sinners by the mouth of divinely
called messengers, that was more general. Pa-
triarchs, law-givers, judges and prophets were
specially moved amd instructed by the Holy Spir-
it in warning men of the consequences of sin and
in urging them to repentance and consecration.
"My Spirit shall not always strive with men. '
Gen. 6:3. So declared the Lord when the Pa-
triarch Noah was sent to them as a preacher of
righteousness. And it was when the people would
not heed the prophetic warnings, that the Lord,
speaking through Isaiah, declares, " But they re-
belled and vexed his Holy Spirit. Therefore he
is turned to be their enemy, and he fought against
them." Is. 63:10. There are no other pass-
ages in the Old Testament implying any exertion
of power by the Holy Spirit over the race. And
in these two passages the legitimate inference
seems to be rather a rejection of the Spirit's
message through the inspired teacher, than a
personal rejection of the Spirit's personal influ
ence. Whether this be true or not, it is clear
that the Holy Spirit did not move upon men in



THE HOLY SPIRIT. 21

the old dispensation as he does under the new,
but they were left to feel after God if possible
to find him and only when it had been demon-
strated that none of the old influences, acting
without either direct or general influence by the
Holy Spirit, could lead men to God, that in the
new he exerts his power directly upon the soul.
The world must learn its need before God gave
the means for blessing.

(e) But we shall see that the Old Testament
teachers were divinely endowed and inspired.
Such language as the following is quite frequent :
" The Spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah,"
and upon Gideon, etc. Judges 6:34; 11 :29, and
2Chron. 15:1. "The Spirit of the Lord was
upon them." "The Spirit took me." "The
Spirit lifted me up." "lam full of power by
the Spirit." These expressions, and many simi-
lar ones, plainly teach that the holy men of God
recognized the power of the Holy Spirit in con-
trolling and directing them in all of the work
which they undertook for the advancement of
God's kingdom, or the revelation of his will. And
the Apostles in the NewTestament plainly declared
that this was true. In the midst of the one hun-
dred and twenty, Peter declares: "The Holy
Spirit hath spoken by the mouth of David."



22 THE HOLY SPIRIT.

Acts 1 :16. And in his epistle he also declares
the Spirit of Christ was in the prophet's in-
quiring concerning the salvation that should
come. 1 Pet. 1 :10-12. And, "The prophecy
came not in old times by the will of man, but
holy men of God spake, moved by the Holy
Spirit." 2 Pet. 1:21.

With the call to the propetic office came special
personal preparation by the Holy Spirit, so that
the prophet was recognized as a man pre-eminent-
ly of the Spirit. This fact marks a distinction
between those called to the prophetic office and
those called by the Spirit to other kinds of ser-
vice. It was evidently this very difference which
led Moses to say : * Would God that all the Lord's
people were prophets, and that the Lord would
put his Spirit upon them." Num. 11 :29. The
prophets everywhere recognized the holy source
from which they derived their call, their fitness
and their power.

(f ) Again it seems certain that in so far as
men were enabled to live righteously, it was by
the power of the Holy Spirit in the old, as well as
in the now, dispensation. From the passages al-
ready quoted, it eecrr.s a fair conclusion, especi-
ally in the light of the New Testament, that all
holiness, or godliness, of life in every age, must



THE HOLY SPIRIT. 23

be the result of the Spirit's direct power. When,
then , men listened to God's messages, and turned to
serve him, he gave them of his Holy Spirit to
lead, to guide, to sanctify, and yet it seems not
to have been as fully manifested as in the latter
days. A contrast indicating this seems to be
made between the holy men of old and our blessed
Lord in the manifested power of the Spirit's
presence when it is said: " God did not give him
the Spirit by measure." John 3:34. Implying
that to them he was given by measure.

(g) But, finally, it seems, also, from Peter's
language, already quoted. 1 Peter 1 : 10-12, and
from other teachings of the New Testament, to
be quoted, that, as the Holy Spirit developed or-
der out of chaos in creation, so in the moral
world the chaotic condition by sin was, in the
providence of God, moved upon by the Holy
Spirit, developing, unfolding, directing, all the
affairs of men so that the world was being pre-
pared for Christ's coming. It requires only a
careful study of the world's moral and spiritual
development to realise that it was the Holy
Spirit that led the world by successive stages,
through patriarch, law-giver, priest, judge and
prophet up to Him who more than all and com-
bininir all in himself , was also the world's Re-



24 THE HOLY SPIRIT.

deemer. It required four thousand years to do
this work, but under his direction the fullness of
time came and God sent his Son into the world,
that the world might have life.

Thus from the whole tenor of the Scriptures it
becomes evident that there were in the Old Tes-
tament times limitations to the efficiency of the
Holy Spirit. Limitations, not made by any dif-
ference in his nature, but in the conditions of
men themselves. Let us note here the character
of these limitations :

First. The Holy Spirit never reveals himself.
He only reveals Christ. Hence, as Christ was
only revealed in types, and forms, and figures,
the Holy Spirit could only present these types,
forms and figures; until in the fulness of times
God should send his Son into the world. Vide
John 15:26; 16:14.

Second. The Holy Spirit always uses the re-
vealed word as an instrument. Hence, when there
was an imperfect instrument, there must be
imperfect use. Vide John 16 :13 ; 1 Cor. 2 :4, 5.

Third. The Holy Spirit manifests himself in
worship. The Old Testament age, at its best,
furnished but one central place of worship The
Tabernacle and The Temple and worship was
an elaborate system of ceremonies. Hence, the



THE HOLY SPIRIT. 25

Spirit's efficiency must be limited by these very
conditions. Vide John 4 ;23, 24.

These limitations removed by the coming of
the gospel in the fulness of times and his efficien-
cy is perfected.

" Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and
to the Holy Spirit, as it was in the beginning,
is now, and ever shall be, world without end.
Amen."



26 THE HOLY SPIRIT.



CHAPTER H.

THE OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECIES OF THE HOLY
SPIRIT.

Special emphasis is laid in the Old Testament
prophecies upon the blessings to follow the advent
of the Messiah in the enlarged and intensified
presence and power of the Holy Spirit. That
which had been by measure, was then to be in
abundance. That which had been limited, was
was then to become unlimited. New and glori-
ous blessings were to follow the coming of the
Christ, because of the increased activity of the
Holy Spirit in the world, and upon the hearts of
all men.

(a) This increase of power and blessing was
first to be manifested upon the Messiah himself :
" There shall come forth a rod out of the stem of
Jesse and a branch shall grow out of his roots,
nnd (he Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him,
the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit



THE HOI/T SPIRIT. 27

of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge
and of the fear of the Lord." Isa. 11 ;1, 2. In
rapturous vision, the same prophet, as God's
messenger, turns the attention of the people to
the Messiah, in these words: "Behold my ser-
vant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my soul
delighteth. I have put my Spirit upon him, he
shall bring forth judgement to the Gentiles." Isa.
42:1. And then follows a glowing prophecy
of the blessings to come with the advent of the
Messiah's reign. In the succeeding chapters he
depicts the coming triumphs of grace over sin,
and at last declares the Messiah's message, as
speaking for himself, he says: "The Spirit
of the Lord is upon me because the Lord hath
anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek.
He hath sent me to bind up the broken hearted,
to proclaim liberty to the captives and the open-
ing of the prison to the bound." Isa. 61 :1. We
have made no mistake in thus attributing to
Christ these wonderful prophecies. No better
confirmation is needed than that given us by the
Word. Seven centuries roll away after the
Prophet's revelation of his rapturous visions, and
he of whom he spoke, standing in the Synagogue
of Nazareth, opened the Book at this place, and
reading in the hearing of all the people these



28 THE HOLY SPIRIT.

words, added : " This day is this Scripture ful-
filled in you ears." Luke 4 :18-21. Thus do the
Old Testament Scriptures point to Christ as the
center around which moves the word's spiritual
history. The nearer the old world comes to his
gracious advent the more the writings glow with
descriptions of these coming blessings. One af-
ter another of the prophets recognise these bless-
ings, speak of them, look for them, and turn the
world's thoughts toward .them. Last in the line
stands one even after the birth of the Messiah
who also by the Holy Spirit saw the glory of the
Shiloh. "And the Holy /Spirit was upon him,
and it was revealed him by the Holy /Spirit that
he should not see death before he had seen the
Lord's Christ. And he came by the Spirit into
the temple : and when the parents brought in the
Child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the
law," Simeon recognized him as the promised
Christ, and so declared. Luke 2 :25-27. Thus do
the Prophets, not only by the Holy Spirit recog-
nize the coming of our Lord and identify him
when ho does come, but also declare the especial
presence and power of the Holy Spirit as consti-
tuting, in a largo measures, the glory of his ad-
vent and mission.

(b) But the prophecies look not alone to



THE HOLY SPIRIT. 29

Christ's great endowment by, and fuller reception
of the Holy Spirit, they also lay especial empha-
sis upon the fact that after the Messiah has come
the world and the Church are to be made large
recipients of his divine blessing. These prophe-
cies are worthy of special notice as indicating
not only the blessings to follow Christ's advent,
but the distinctions to be made between the New
and the Old. Isaiah makes this contrast sharply
when he speaks of the desolations coming upon
God's people because of their transgressions, and
to continue "until the Spirit be poured upon
us from on high, and the wilderness be a
fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for
a forest." Isa. 32:15. Again: " Thus said the
Lord; . . . Fear not, O, Jacob, my servant ;
and thou, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen. For
I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and
floods upon the dry ground ; I will pour my Spir-


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