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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA



GIFT OF



the xcungcr




".toy"-"'



tOWTHOK.






JOURNEY

INTO

ENGLAND.



B Y



PAUL HENTZNER,

In the Year M.D.XC.VIII.




PRINTED AT STRAWBERRY-HILL.

MDCCLVII.



To THE Right Honourablh

HUGH,

Lord WiLi^ouGHBY of Parham;
PRESIDENT}

TO THE

COUNCIL AND FELLOWS

Of the Society of

A N T I Q^U ARIES,

This Edition and Translation,

o F

Part of the Itinerary of

HENTZNERUS,

Is offered with great Refpeft

by the Editor,

HORACE WALPOLE, F. S. A. and F. R. S.



Ji



Advertifement-



DOdor Birch, in his fum-
mary of Sir Thomas
Edmondes's State-papers, has
publifhed a fhort extrad from
the following obfolete Author,
which, for the elegance of the
Latin, and the remarkable de-
fcription of queen EHzabeth,
has been defervedly admired:
Her beft portraits fcarcely exhi-
bit a more lively image.

The



The original work, of which
perhaps there are not above
four, or five copies in England,
is an itinerary through Ger-
many, England, France, and
Italy, performed by Hentzner,
a travelling tutor to a young
German nobleman. That Dr.
Birch has extracted the moft
interefting paffage in the whole
book, is certain : Yet it re-r
cords fome circumftances and
cuRoms, not unworthy the
notice of an Englifh Antiqua-
rian, and which are mentioned

no



[ iii ]

no where elle. For thefe rea-
fons, I flatter myfelf, that a
pubHcation of the part relating
to our own country, might not
be an unacceptable prefent to
perfons of curioiity. The
tranflation, was the produdion
of the idle hours of another
Gentleman.

The Author feems to have
had that laborious, and indif-
criminate paflion for seeing^
which is remarked in his coun-
trymen ; and as his Tranflator
obferved, enjoyed as much the

doubtful



[iv]

doubtful head, of a more
doubtful faint in pickle, as any
upon the Ihoulders of the beft
Grecian ftatue. Fortunately
fo memorable a perfonage as
queen Elizabeth, happened to
fall under his notice.— —Ten
years later, . he would have
been as accurate in paiiiiting
Anne of Denmark !

The exgefs of relpe6lful
ceremonial ufed at decking her
Majefty's tabie^ ' though* not in
h€r prefence, and the kind of
adoration and genuflexion paid

to



{ vii ]

-With regard to the ortho-
graphy of proper Names,
though corredled in the trail-

jQation, I have left theminthe

. ' ''-■■1

original as I found' them-™-
Accuracy in that particular,
was not the Author's merit ^:
ITt is a merit peculiar to Eng-
liflimen : The French are ne-
gligent of it to an affedation ;
yet the author of Les Me-
langes Hijioriques complains
that other nations corrupt
French names ! He himfelf
gives fome Englifh ones in
B 2 p. 247,



[ viii ]
p. 247, 248. which it is im-
pofTible to decypher. Baflbm-
pierre calls York-houfe, Jor-
chauxy and Kenfington, In-
himthort. As a foldier and
embaflador, he was not oblig-
ed to know the names of
Houfes ; when he turned
author, there was no excufe
for not being intelligible. Even
Voltaire, who writes the lan-
guage fo well, is carelefs in
our titles. In England, it is
the defedl of a fervant to
blunder in proper names. It
is one of thofe filly preteniions

to



to her perfon, approach to
Eaftern homage. When we
obferve fuch worlhip offered to
an old Woman, with bare
neck, black teeth, and falfe
red hair, it makes one fmile ;
but makes one refled: what
mafculine fenfe was couched
under thofe weaknefles, and
which could command fuch
awe from a nation like Eng-
land !

Not to anticipate the enter-
tainment of the reader, I fhall
make but one more refle<3:ion.
B We



[vi]

We are apt to think that Sir
WiHiam / Temple, and king
Williani, were in a mannfer
thei introducers of gardening
into England : By the defdrip-
tion of lord Burleigh's gardens
at Theobalds, and of thole at
Nonfuch, we find that the
magnificent, though falfe tafte,
was known here as eariy as the
reigns of Henry VIII. and his
Daughter. There is Icarce an
unnatural and fiimptuous im-
propriety at Verfailles, which
we do hot find in Hentzrier's
defcription of the gardens
above-mentioned. With



H E N T Z N E R's

ACCOUNT



OF



E N G L A N D.



In the Year M.D.XC.VIII.



HENTZNERI

ITINERARIUM.



AD oppidulum Rye, ubi portus eft An-
gliae, pervenimus. Quam primum hie
nave eflemus egrefli, Notario loci nomina
noftra dedimus, prius tamen interrogati, quid
negotii nobis in hoc Regno futurum ? Ubi
refponfum eilet, nos infulae perluftrandae gra-
tia folummodo hue advenifle, in diverforiuni
dedudi, & pro Regionis more, bene & lautc
fuimus habiti.

Equis eurforiis Londinum profefti fumus.
Mira horum eeleritas ; levibus reguntur frenis;
ephippiis utuntur, ultra fpithamam, vix me-
dium digitum latis.

FlIMVVOLT,



[ ix ]

to politenefs, which nations
that affed: a fiiperiority, have

always cultivated For in all

affectations, defeds are merits.
The readers of hiftory love
certainty : It is pity the wri-
ters do not. What confulion
would it have faved, if it had
not been the cuftom of the
Jews to call every Darius and
Artaxerxes, Ahafuerus ! It were
to be wifhed, that all nations
would be content to ufe the
appellations which people, or
refpedive countries have chofen
for themfelves. Proper names

ought



ought never to be tortured to
any particular idiom. What a
ridiculous compofition is jJulu-
gel ! Who can conceive that
Meylandty fignifies Milan; or
l^t^orWy Livorno f' When one
is mifled by a proper name, the
only ufe of w^hich is to dired:,
pne feels like the Country-
man, , who complained. That
the, houfes hi7tdered him from
feei?ig Paris.- The thing be-
comes an obftrudion to itfelf.



HEN-



HENTZN E R^s

TRAVELS.



WE arrived at Rye, a fmall Englifh
fea-port. Here, as foon as we
came on fhore, we gave in our names to
the Notary of the place, but not till he had
demanded our bufmefs ; and being ani'wered.
That we had none but to fee England : We
were conducted to an inn, where, we were
very well entertained ^ as one generally is
in this country.

m We took poft horfes for London : It is

furprizing how fwiftly they run, their bridles
are very light, and their faddles, little more
than a fpan over.

C Flimwell,



2 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Flimvvolt, pagus in Anglia. Hic priori-
bus equis dimiffis, alios confcendimus.

TuMBRiDGE, Angliae pagum, tranflvimus.

Che PS TED, Angliae pagus, in quo fecunda
vice priores equi dimittuntur, & novi condu-
cuntur,

LoNDiNUM, totius Angliae caputs atque
metropolis; Cornel io Taci to, Londinium;
Ptolomaeo, Longidinium ; Ammiano Mar^
cellino, Lundinium -, exteris Londra &
LoNDREs ; incolis London dicitur ; Bri-
tannic! imperii fedes Regumque Angliae Ca-
mera ; urbs eft antiquiflima, in comitatu
Midlefexia, regione totius Anglias feraciffima
& faluberrima, ad flumen Thamefim lx,
paffuum millia ab oceano fita ; cujus quidem
primum omnium fundatorem, Brutum fuifle,
conftanti hiftoriarum leftionc perhibetur i
is ex Italia in Graeciam, inde in Africam^
turn in Gallias, acdemum in Britanniam devc-
. niens.



. HENTZNER's Travels. a

Flimwell, a village ; here vire returned
our firft horfes, and mounted frefli ones.

We pafled through Tunbridge, another
village.

Chepsted, another village j here for the
iecond time we changed horfes.

London, the head and metropolis of Eng-
land : Called by Tacitus, Londinium ; by
Ptolomey, Longidinium j by Ammianus
Marcellinus, Lundinium ; by foreigners,
Londra, and Londres ; is the feat of the
Britifti empire, and the chamber of the Eng-
lifli kings. This moft antient city, is in the
county of Middlefex, the fruitfulleft and
wholefomeft foil in England, It is built
upon the river Thames, 60 miles from the
fea, and was originally founded, as all
hiftorians agree, by Brutus, who coming
from Greece into Italy, thence into Africa,
next into France, and laft into Britain,
C 2 chofe



3 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

niens, ad Thamefim fluvium, fitu & opor-
tun itate loci adducSius, urbem condidit, Tro-
JAMQUE NOVAM appdlavit, quie tandem per
corruptionem Trinovantum fuit appellata.
At, poflquam Lud, frater Caflibllauni, five
CafUvellauni, qui cum Julio Caefare diixiica-
vit, cujus ipfemet Crefar meminit, lib, 5. de
Bell, Gall, regni gubernacula adeptus eft,
cinxit earn nobiliflimis muris, & turribus,
arte mira fabricatis, & de nomine fuo juflfit
eam dici, Caier Lud, id eft Civitas Lud ;
dcinde per corruptionem nominis C.^rlun-
da ; & fuccedente tempore, per commuta-
tionem linguarum, Lundene, ac pofteaLuN-
DRES, dicta fuit. Mortuus tandem Lud, in
hac urbe fepultus eft', juxta portam iilam, quae
hoc etiam tempore, PoR Lud, Britannice,
Saxonicc verb Ludesgate nuncupatur.

Nobilis ille fluvius Thamefis, primo Ifis
r43minatus, paulo lupra Vinchelcombiam vi-
Gum oi-itur, dcinde rivis pafTim auctus, citra
Oxonium, cum flumine Thami, junciis aquis,
n.omen quoquc conjungit \ ad extremum im-

mani



HENTZNER's Travels. 3

chofe this fitiiation, for the convenience of
the river, calling it Troja nova, which
name was afterwards corrupted into T ri-
ng van t. But when Lud, the brother of
CafTibilan, or Cailivelan, who warred againft
Julius Caefar, as he himfelf mentions, lib, 5.
d0 BelL GalL came to the crown, he encom-
pafled it with very ftrong walls, and towers
very artfully conftru6i:ed, and from his own
name called it Caier Lud, /. e. Lud's City.
This name was corrupted into that of C^R-
LUNDA, and again in time by change of
Language, into Lundres. Lud, when he
died, was buried in this town, near that gate
which is yet called in Welch, PoR Lud,
in Saxon, Ludesgate.

The famous river Thames, owes part of
its ftream, as well as of its appellation, to
the Ifis ; rifing a little above Winchelcomb,
and being encreafed with feveral rivulets,
unites both its waters, and its name to the
Thame, on the other fide of Oxford, thence
after paiTmg by London, and being of the ut-

moft



4 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

mani maris aeftu (qui bis, ut ait Gemma
Frifius XXV. horarum fpacio amplius Lxxx.
paffuum millibus fluit ac refluit, Polydorus
Vergilius Urbinas lib. i. AngL Hljl. fcribit,
Themefim fluvium xxiv. horarum fpacio,
bis fluere atque refluere, amplius LX. paffuum
millibus) excipitur, atque navigabilis ac vaf-
tus, permagno mortal ium commodo, ipfam
urbem alluens, in oceanum influit,

Porro urbs Londinenfis, & per fe maxi-
ma eft, & fuburbia habet ampliflima, nee non
arcem, Turrim appellatam, pulcherrime ex-
truftam.

^dificiis verb atque templis magnifice or-
natur, vicenis fupra centenas aedibus, quas
Parochiales vocant, venerabilis.

Meridiem verfus, pontem habet lapideum,
800 pedes longum, opus certe mirabile ; et
enim xx. ftant ex lapide quadrato pilae, altjE
pedes LX. latae xxx. diftantque inter fe circi-
ter pedes xx. fornicibus conjunftae, fuper cu-
ius



HENTZNER's Travels. 4

moft utility, from its greatnefs and naviga-^
tion, it opens into a vaft arm of the fea,
from whence the tide, according to Gem-
ma Frifius, flows and ebbs to the diftance of
80 miles, twice in 25 hours, and according
to Polydore Virgil, above 60 miles, twice in
24 hours.

This city being very large of itfelf, has
very extenfive fuburbs, and a fort, called the
Tower, of beautiful ftru6lure» It is magni-
ficently ornamented, with public buildings
and churches, of which there are above 120
parochial.

On the South, is a bridge of ftone, 800
feet in length, of wonderful work ; it is fup-
ported upon 20 piers of fquare ftone, 60 feet
high, and 30 broad, joined by arches of
about 20 feet diameter. The whole is cover-
ed on each fide with houfes, fo difpofed, as to
have the appearance of a continued ftreet,
not at all of a bridge*

Upon



5 H E N T Z N E RI Itiner arivm.

jus dorfo, domicilia utrinque ea difpofitfoiief

6 ordine cernuntur, ut perpetui fere vici fpe-
ciem, noil pontis cxhibeant.

Ponti Lohdinenfi turns inaedlficata eft, in
cujus fummitate, reorum laefae majeftatis, &
patriae proditorum capita, perticis ferreis affixa
conrpiciuntur, ultra triginta nos horum mime-
ravimus.

Paul us lovius clariflimas Britanrfia? urbes
defcribens ; harum omnium, inquit, famaiW|
Lohdinum penitus obfcurat, Trinobanturri,
ut plures exiftimant, civitas, C. lulio Caefari
nuncupata, totius Britanniae regia, multarum
gentium commercio nobilitata, excultai doitii-
bus, ornata templrs, excelfa arcibus, & dcni-
que rerum omnium copia, atque opum afflu-
cntia, valde mirabilis. Invehit In earn totius
orbis opes ipfe Thamefis, ftatis horis, oceaiii '
asftibus fuperbus & tumidtis, onerariis navi -
bus ab oftio per tx. mtllia paftuum, ad tir"- '
bem, tuto femper & praealto alveo, naviga-
bilis.' Ripas undique peramcenae villae, pfki-'^

diis



HENTZNER's Travels.



Upon this is built a tower, on whofe
top the heads of fuch as have been executed
for high treafon, are placed upon iron fpikes 2
We counted above 30;



Paulus lovius, m his deicription of the
moft remarkable towns in England, fays, all
are obfcured by London : Which in the opi-
nion of many is Caefar's city of the Trino-
bantes, the capital of all Britain, famous for
the commerce of many nations ; it's houfes
are elegantly biiilt, it's churches fine, it'^
towns ftrong, and it's riches and abundance
furpri^ing. The wealth of the world i^
wafted to it by the Thames, fwelled by the
tide, and navigable to merchant fhips,
through a fafe and deep channel for 60
miles, from its mouth to the city : It's banks
are every where beautified with fine country
feats, woods, arid farms ; below,* is the royal
palace of Greenwich ; above, that of Rich-
D mond ;



6 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

diis atque nemoribus diftinftae paflim exor-
nant. Ab inferiore fcilicet parte regia domus,
Grinuvicia, ita Anglice a viridariis appellata ;
et in fuperlore praetorium, nomine Ricemun-
dum ; in medio autem nobilis ftru6lurae exur-
git Weftmonafterium, ab occidua urbis parte,
foro ludiciali, five Parlamento, ac D. Petri
templo, regum fepulchris exornato, longe
clariiTimum. Atque item vigefimo lapide a
Londino, regium caftrum, Vindoforiae, fece-
deixtis regis peramcena fede, aliquotque regum
fepulchris & Garretteriorum fodalium ceremo-
nia percelebre. Olores autem agminatim,
iaeto occurfu, & feftivis cantibus fubeuntes
claiTes excipiunt, ac undique retia fduris atque
Salmonibus expanduntur. lungitur ad urbem
lapideo ponte ftruftura mirifici operis, nee
ullis imbribus augetur, cuiji unis tantum aefti-
bus intumefcat, HaSfenus Paulus lovlus.

Porro Londinum, tefte Polydoro Vergilio
Uh. 4. JngL Hijh ab Archenini, five Erchen-
vini regis ufque temporibus, regia civitas eft^
& regni caput, civibus & alienigenis frequen-

tiilima^



HENTZNER's Travels. 6

mond ; and between both, on the Weft of
London, rife the noble buildings of Weff-
minfter, moft remarkable for the courts of
Juftice, the Parliament, and St. Peter's church,
enriched with the royal tombs. At the
diftance of 20 miles from London, is ihe
caftle of Windfor, a moft delightful retreat of
the kings of England, as well as famous for fe-
veral of their tombs, and for the ceremonial of
the Order of the Garter. This river abounds
in Swans, fwimming in flocks ; the fight of
them, and their noife, is vaftly agreeable to
the fleets that meet them in their courfe. It
is joined to the city by a bridge of ftone, won-
derfully built; is never encreafed by any
rains, rifmg only with the tide, and is every
where fpread with nets, for the taking of Sal-
mon and Shad. Thus far Paulus lovius,

Polydore Virgil affirms, that London has
continued to be a royal city, and the capital
of the kingdom, crowded with its own in-
habitants and foreigners, abounding in riches,
and famous for its great trade, from the time
of king Archeninus, or Erchenvinus. Here
D z the



7 HENTZNERI Itinerar?um.

tifiima, divjtiis atque opibus aifluens, emporio
* celeberrima. In ea reges diademate regio in-
i[igriiuntur, f egnoque caeremoniis fplendidiilimis
inaugurantur ; in ea confdium five Parlamen-
ttim celebratur. Adminiftratur autem antlquo
, ^ritannorum regum privilegio a xxiv, civibus,
quos AngH -Aldermannos quafi Seniares vo-
cant J ^x qupmm numero praetore'm urba-
.num,' Majorem eorum lingua appellatum,
Tribunofque duos, Scervips vocatos, ipfimet
annua commutatione eligunt, qui in jure di-
cundo legibus municipalibus utuntur. Mira
eruditiilimorum virorum, cum in universa Bri-
tannia, turn in bac potillimurn urbe femper
extitit fertilitas, qui inter Scriptores celebra-
tiffimi cnituerunt.

Patent urbis moenia fex portis, qu« no-
vatae nova etiam alTumferunt nomina. Ad
occafum^jduse ii^t.

I. LuDGATE, aLuddo rege, omnium ^nti-
quifTima, cujus nomen etiarnnum hodie fi|-
pra portaqi incifum extat ; five Flutgate, quo-
rundam opinione, a fluviolo fubjefto, ut Por-
ta



s HENTZNER'3 Travels. 7

the kings are crowned, and folemnly inaugu-
rated, and the council of the nation, or Par-
liament is held. The government of the
city is lodged by antient grant of the kings
of Britain, in 24 Aldermen, that is, Seniors :
Thefe annually e|ea out of their own body
a Mayor, ?ind two SheriiFs, who determine
caufes according to the municipal laws. It
has always had, as indeed Britain in general,
a jrreat number of men of learning, much
diftinguifhed for their writings.

The walls are pierced with fix gates, which
as they were rebuilt, acquired new names.
Two look Eaftward :

I. LuDGATE, the oldeft, fo called from
king Lud, whofe name is yet to be feen, cut
into the ftone over the arch on one fide;
though others imagine it rather to have been
named Fludgate, from a ftream over which
it ftands, like the Porta Fluentana at Rome.
It has been lately repaired by queen Eliza-
beth, whofe ftatuc is placed on the oppofite

fide. And

11.



8 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.
ta Fluentaiia Romae, nunc a regina Elifa-
betha renovata cujus ftatua ab altera quoque
parte vi'detur.

II. Newgate, omnium pulcherrima, a
novitate fic appellata, prius Chamberlangate,
dic^a, quae publicum eft ergaftulum.

Ad feptentrionem Quatuor.

I. Alders GATE, ab alnetis, vel ab Al-
dricio Saxone, ut aliis placet.

II. Creplegate, a claudorum hofpitio.

III. Moregate, a palude adjuftdla, nunc
in agrum conversa, primum a Francetio Prae-
tore. Anno Chrifti m.cccc.xiv. patefada.

IV. Bischopsgate, ab Epifcopo, quam
German! Hanfiaticae Societatis Mercatores, &
inftaurare, & difficilioribus temporibus propug-
nare ex pa6to tenebantur, atque ad iftam &
aperiendam & claudendam clavem habebarrt,
quo, neceflitate fic poftulante, & ingredi, &
cgredi, no£tu atque interdiu pofTent.

Ad



HENTZNER's Travels. 8

II. NewqatEj the beft edifice of any :
So called from being new built, whereas be-
fore it was named Chamberlain-gate. It is
the public prifon.

On the North are four :

I. ALDERSGATEjas fome think, from alder
trees ; as others, from Aldricius, a Saxon.

II. Criplegate, from an hofpital for
the lame.

III. MooRGATE, from a neighbouring mo-*
rafs, now converted into a field, firft opened by
* Francetius the Mayor, A. D. 1414.

IV. And BisHOPSGATE, from fome Bi-
fhop : This the German Merchants of the
Hans Society were obliged by compaft to
keep in repair, and in times of danger to
defend. They were in pofleljion of a key, to
open or fhut it, fo that upon occafion they
could come in, or go out, by night, or by day.

* His name was Sir Thomas Falconer*

There



9 HENTZNERI Itinjerarium,

Ad Ortum una fola eft ;

Aldgate, a vetuftate fic dida, vel Elbe-
gate, ut alii volunt.

Ad Thamefim, duas etiam portas, praeter
illani ad pontem, extitifle nonnulli creduiit.

I. Belnigsgate, nunc cothon, five por-
tus artificialis, ad recipiendas naves.

II. DouRGATE, id eft, Aquaria porta,
vulgo Dovvgate.

Templum Cathedrale D. Paulo fa-
crum, ab Ethelberto Anglo-Saxonum rege
conditum eft, quod fubinde reftauratum, in
maximum & magnificentiflimum excrevit, red-
ditibufque opulentum, unde praeter Epifco-
pum, Decanus, Praecentor, Cancel! ari us,
Thefaurarius, Archidiaconi quatuor, Praeben-
darii XXIX. & alii prolixe aluntur. Teftum
hujus, quern adm6dum & omnia fere templa
per totam Angliam, una cum adjunda turri',
plumbo obtedhitfi eft.

Ad



HENTZNER's TftAVfiiJi 9

There is only one gate to the Eaft :
ALf)GATE, that is Oidgate, from its anti-
quity; though others think it to have beea
named Elbegate.

Several people believe, there v^erefbrfnerty
two gates (befides that to the bridge) towards
the -Thames.

I. BiLLiNGSGATfe, nov^acothon, orarti-^
ficral port^ for the reception of fhips.

II. D0URGATE5 vulgo Dow^gate, /. e*.
Water-gate.

The Cathedral of St. Paul was
founded by Ethelbert, king o{ the Saxons,
and being from time to time fe-edified, en-
creafed to vaftnefs and magnificence, and in
revenue fo much, that it affords a plentiful
fupport to a Biftiop, Dean, Prascentor, Trea-
furor, four Archdeacons, 29 Prebendaries,
and many others. The roof of )^iis,j/:Jjujrch, :
E as



lo HENTZNERI ItineraRium.

Ad dextrum Chori latus eft epitaphlum
ex marmore, Nicolai * ne Bacon cum uxore.
Non lonoe ab ifto videtur monumentum mao -
nificum, alabaftrinis, marmoreifque pyramidi-
bus ornatum, cum hiic infcriptione ;

Sacrum Memorise

t D. Chr, Hattoni Gu. Fil. lo. Nepos anti-
quifs. Hattonorium gente oriundi ; Rcgise Ma-
jeftatis, D. Eliz. ex Nobilibus ftipatoribus l*
viri ; Sacratioris Camerae Generoforum unius ;
Prastorianorum militum Ducis ; Regii Proca-
merarii; Sanftioris Confdi Senatoris 5 fummi
Angliae ac Oxon. Acad. Cancellarii ; Ordinis
Nobilifs. San. Georgian! de Perifcelide Equi-
tis ; maximo Pfincipis, omniumque bonorum
moerore (cum Li. annos coelebs vixiilet) xx.
Novemb. Anno Chrifti m.d.xci. in aedibus'
fuis Holburniae, pie fato fundi.

* He takes this ne for part of the name^
vjhich is only part of the epitaph^ hie Nic. tic
Baconem conditum exiftlma.

X This infcription may be feen litterally iti

Dugdale's St. Panrs.

Guliel.



HENTZNER's Travels. iq

as of moft others in England, with the adjoin-
ing fteeple, is covered v/ith lead.

On the right fide of the Choir is the mar-
ble tomb of Nicholas Bacon, with his wife.
Not far from this is a magrxificent monu-
ment, ornamented with pyramids of marble,
and alabafter, with this infcription :

Sacred to the Memory of
Sir Chriftopher Hatton, Son of William,
Grand fon of John, of the moft antient
Family of the Hattons ; one of the 50 Gen-
tlemen Penfioners to her Majefty Queen
Elizabeth ; Gentleman of the Privychamber ;
Captain of the Guards ; one of the privy
Council, and High Chancellor of England,
and of the Univerfity of Oxford : Who, to
the great grief of his Sovereign, and of all
good Men, ended this Life religioufly, after
having lived unmarried to the Age of 51, at
his Houfe in Holbourn, on the 20th of No-
yemberj A. D. 1591.

E 2 William



II HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Guliel. Hattonius Eques auratus, ejus c fo-
rore nepos, adoptione filius ac haeres moeftifs.
Pietatis ergo pofuit.

A finiflro latere epltaphium eft marmoreum
Guliel. Herbert!, Pembrochiae Comitis & con-
jugis ipfi.s; et juxta, tumulus loannis D.
Lancaftriae^ cum hac infcriptione :

Hie in Domino obdormi\ it loaniics Can-
davenlls, vulgo de Gant, a Gandavo P'landriae
Urbe loco natali ita denominatus, Edwardi
III. Regis Angliae filius quartus, a patre,
Comitis Richmondise titulo ornatus -, tres fibi
Uxorcs in matrimonium duxit ; Primam,
Blancheam, filiam & Haeredem Henrici Ducis
Lancaftri'rC, per quam amplifs. adiit haeredita-
tem, nee folum Dux Lancaftrine, (cd etiam
Leyceftriae, I^incolniae, & Derbiap, Comes ef-
fec^us, e cujus fobole, Imperatores, Reges,
Principes, & Proccres propagati funt plurimi.
Alteram habuit uxorcm Conftantiam, quae
kic cpntumulatur, hliam & hxrcdem Petri

Regis



•HENTZNER's Travels. ii

William Hatton, Knight, his Nephew by
the Sifter's fide, and by adoption his Son and
Heir, moft forrowfully raifed this tomb, a
mark of his duty.

On the left hand h the marble monument
6f William Herbert Earl of Pembroke, and
his Lady: And near it, that of John, Duke
of Lancafter, with this infcription :

Here fleeps in the Lord, John of Gant,
ib called from the city of the fame name in
Flanders, where he was born, fourth Son of
Edward IIL King of England, and created
by his Father, Earl of Richmond. He was


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