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Latinos & Graecos verfus compofuit, & in
marmor incidi curavit.

Mens mea crudcli laniatur faucia morfu.
Cum fubit oblata? Mortis Imago tuse.

Hseres Vere novo Comitis tu Floris ad inftar,
Uique cadens miferas meque meafque facis.

Quippe Decor, Vultus, Linguae, Morefque
probati.
Turn Do&ina peril, fed viget alma Fides.



HENTZNER's Travels. 26

That Titles, Royal Birth, riches, or a large

Family, arc of no avail ;
That all are Tranfitory ; Virtue alone reflift-

ing the Funeral Pile.
That this Ivady was firfl: married to a Duke,

then to Stoke, a Gentleman ;
And laftly, by the Grave efpoufed to Christ.

The next is the tomb of Lord Ruflcl, Son
of the Earl of Bedford, wfiofe Lady com-
pofed the follow^ing Greek, and Latin Verfes,
and had them engraved on the Marble.

How was I ftartled at the cruel Feaft,
By Death's rude Hands in horrid manner dreft ;
Such Grief as fure no haplefs Woman knew.
When thy pale Image lay before my View.
Thy Father's Heir in -beatuous Form array'd.
Like Flowers in Spring, and fair, like them

to fade ;
Leaving behind unhappy wretched me.
And all thy little Orphan-Progeny :
Alike the beauteous Face, the comely Air,
The Tongue perfwafive, and the A6lions fair.
Decay : So Learning too in Time fhall wafte i
But Faith, chafle lovely Faitb, fhall ever lafl*
I 2 The



27 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Kvp "^vx^^ yXvav ri^TTpov ifxrtq omels (fanvovf

^Bv fj^v o1 ^v^ou •xjri^fiy zs^oci T6 St^yol^i?,

'Ev<T£^kri^ Evexa 'oroXvv o}^ov enuvoi; Iwaypy,
Ov^ctvie ^slop(iii crvfyivsa^ xsc^.tuif.

Anna Comltiffa Oxon. filia Gulielmi Caeci-
lii, Baronis de Burgthley, Thefaararii regis.

Phillppa filia, & cohseres Joannis Domini
Mohun de Dunftcr, uxor EdwardiDucis Ebo*
racenfis. Anno Domini 1434*

Francifca ComitifTa de Suflex, ex antiqua
Scidneiorum familia oriunda.

Thomas Bromley Cancellarius reginae Eli-
fabcthae.

Comes



HENTZNER's Travels.



27



The once bright Glory of his Houie, the Pride
Of all his Country, dufty Ruins hide :
Mourn, haplefs Orphans, mourn, once happy

Wife,
For when he dy'd, dy'd all the Joys of Life.
Pious and jufl, amidfl a large Eftate,
He got at once the Name of Good and Great.
He made no flatt'ring Parafite his Gueft,
But afk'd the good Companions to the Feaft.

Anne Countefs of Oxford, Daughter of
V/illiam Cecil, Baron Burleigh, and Lord
Trcafurer,

Philippa, Daughter and Coheirefs of John
Lord Mohun of Dunftcr, Wife of Edward
Duke of York.

Frances Countefs of Suflex, of the antient
Family of Sidney.



Thomas Bromley, Chancellor to Qiiccn
Elizabeth*

The



28 HENTZNERI Itinf.rarium.



Comes de Erizevvater, Dom, Dabne, Ca-
merarius KenricI Septimi, cum uxore.

Et hue ufque ^^ Westmonasterio.

Sunt h alia templa in hac urbe plurima,
{c6^ propter fepulturas, 5: illuftrium moiiurnen-
ta, non it.i celebria,

Cetemm {\xh hoc Westmunster-Hall
five Pr.Ttorium eft, in. quo praeter comitia
Parlamcntaria, quae ibi fepiilime habentur,
fora judiciaria com1"ituuntur, & ftatis tempo-
ribvrs cauffie cognoicuntur, ciim Juris turn
patrimonii regii, & etiam Cancellarias, qua-
ex nequo h bono fummum Jus moderatur^
cum ante Hcnrici L tempora, primae Juflitis:
forum vagum effet, aulamque regiam comita-
rctur. Verum ille, ut m Charta Magna
Iiabetur, legem tulit in ha^c verba ; Cc?mnuma
fjJcrcita noji fequaniur Curiam nojiram^ fed tenc-
(iniur in aliqito ccrto loco. Hoc qwod nunc eft,

Prxtorium,



HENTZNER's Travels. 28

* The Earl of Brlclgcwatcr, Lord Dawb-
ney, Lord Chamberlain to Henry VIL and
his Lady.

And thus much for WEsrMiKsrv.R^

There are many other Churches in this
city, but none To remarkable for the tombs of
perfons of diftinition.

Near to this church is Westminster-
Hall, where befides the Seflions of Parlia-
ment, which are often held there, are the
Courts of Juftice ; and at ftated times are
heard there trials in Law, or concerning the
King's patrimony ; or in Chancery, which
moderates the feverity of the common Law
by Equity. Till the time of Henry L the
prime court of Juftice was moveable, and fol-
lowed the King's court, but he ena6led by the
Magna Charta, That the Common Pleas JJjould
no longer attend his Courts but he held at form
determined Place. The prefent hall was built

* Sir Giles Dawbney^ ht was not earl of
Bridgetvater^ nor a lord*



29 FIENTZNERI IriNERARidM.

Prstorium, Richardus JL Anojia? rex, diruto
vctuitiori extruxit, fureque habitationi dlcavit
(tunc enim reges ipfi caufiiis audiebant Pala-'
tiumqiie ab Edvvardi Confcflbris tempore ad-
jiindbam habuerunt) quo ante fexagHita annos
igne abilimto, Henricus VilL fedem regi-im,
ad aedes vicinas non ita pHdem Gardiiialis
Wolfrci tranftulit, quas Whitehall vuk'b
vocant, id eft, aula alba. Domus hnec eft
vere regia, hinc -vivario, quod & alteram re-
giam conjungit S. James diciam, iilinc Ta-
iiiifi ccncliiCa.

In Camera, ubi Parlamcntum congregari
& haberi folet, fdia: ilf parietcs ex Ugno Hy-
hernico fabrlcati llint, quod occulta hac qua-
litatc pradituni effe dicitur, ut kl omnia anl-
malta venenata fugiant, vcl potlus, quod lig-
num iftud cuncSta venenata ablgat, h occulta
quadam vi, a fe longe repellat. Et enim pro
certo afHrmatur, nullos ferpentes, nullos a-
raneos, nullaque alia venenata, per totam
Hybcrniam reperiri animalia.

Prope



HENTZNER's Travels. 25

by king Richard II. in the place of an ancient
one which he caufed to be taken down. He
made it part of his habitation, (for at that
time the kings of England determined caufes
in their own proper Perfon, and from the
days of Edward the ConfefTor, had their pa-
lace adjoining) till above 60 years fmce, upon
it's being burnt, Henry VIII. removed the
royal refidence to Whitehall, fituated In
the neighbourhood, which a little before was
the houfe of Cardinal Wolfey : This palace
is truly Royal ; inclofed on one fide by the
Thames, on the other by a Park, which con-
ne6ls it with St. James's, another royal
palace.

In the Chamber where the Parliament is
ufually held, the feats and wainfcot are made
- of wood, the growth of Ireland; faid to have
that occult quality, that all poifonous animals
are driven away by it : And it is affirmed for
certain, that in Ireland there are neither
ferpents, toads, nor any other venomous crea-
ture to be found.

K Near



30 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Prope has regias sedes Cygni confpiciun-
tur plurimi, & fere innumerabiles, qui hinc.
inde furfum & deorfum, per aliquot milliaria,
in Thamefi fluvio libere vagantur; nemirii
enim hos turbare, multo minus occidere, fine
grand! muldta, licet.

In aula alba, Withehall vulgo nuncu-
pata, vifu digna funt fequentia :

I. Bibliotheca Reginae, Graecis, Latinls,
Italicis & Gallicis libris referta, inter quos li-
bellus erat Gallicus, propria reginae Angli^e
Ellfabethae adhuc viventis manu in mem-
brana fcriptus, & Henrico VIII. Angliae regi
parenti fie dedicatus :

A Trejhaut ^ Trefpuijfant & Redoubt} Prince
Henry VIII* de ce nom^ Roy d' Angleterre^ de
France^ ^ d' Irelande^ defenfeur de la foy :

Elijah eth fa Treshumhle fille rend
Sahit y Oheditnci.

Omnes



HENTZNER's Travels. 30

Near this palace are fcQn an immenfe num-
ber of Swans, who wander up and down the
river for fome miles, in great fecurity ; no
body daring to moleft, much lefs kill any of
them, under penalty of a confiderable fine.

In Whitehall are the following things
worthy of obfervation :

I. The Royal Library, well ftored with
Greek, Latin, Italian and French books :
Amongft the reft, a little one in French,
upon parchment, in the hand writing of the
prefent reigning queen Elizabeth, thus in-
fcribed :

To the mojl High^ PuiJJant^ and redoubted
Prince^ Henry VIIL of the Name^ King of
England^ France and Ireland^ Defender of
the Faith :

Elizabeth^ his mojl humble Daughter y
Health and Obedience,

K % All



31 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Omnes ifti libri, holoferico varii & diverfi
colons, potiflimum tamen rubri, laminis &
claufuris argenteis ac aureis, margaritis item,
aliifque gemmis preciofis ornati, atque veftiti
erant.

II. Ciftae duae five arculae argenteae magna
arte elaboratae, in quas regina papyrum repo-
ncrc, & iis ceu atramentariis, uti folet.

III. l^horus reginae ex ligno verficolore arr
tificiofiflime compofitus, tegumentis fericis,
holofericis, aureis & argenteis acu pidtis ditiili-
m^ inftratus.

IV. Cifta, margaritis undique exornata, in
quam armillas inaures & id genus alias res pre-
ciofiores, regina reponere folet.

V. PafTio Chrifti, in vitreis tabellis adum-

brata.

VI. ViSiutXj inter quas vera reginas Elifa-
bethae imago, cum xvi. annos nata effet;

Henrici,



HENTZNER's Travels. 31

All thefe books are bound in velvet of dif-
ferent colours, though chiefly red, with clafps
of gold and fdver; fome have pearls, and
precious flones, fet in their bindings.

II. Two little filver cabinets of exquifite
work, in which the Queen keeps her paper,
and which fhe ufes for writing boxes.

III. The Queen's bed, ingenioufly com-
pofed of woods of difFerent colours, with
quilts of filk, velvet, gold, filver, and em-
broidery.

IV. A little cheft ornamented all over with
pearls, in which the Queen keeps her bracelets,
ear-rings, and other things of extraordinary
value.

V. Chrift's paflion, in painted glafs.

VI. Portraits : Among which are queen
Elizabeth at 16 years old, Henry, Richard,

Edward,



32 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Henrici, Richardi, Edvvardi, Angliae regum ;
Rofimundae Anglae, & * Lucretiae Grascae fponfae
in habitu nuptiali, & aliarum ; in tabella qua-
dam Angliae regum genealogia ; Edvvardi VL
Angliae regis efRgies, primo intuitu monftro-
fum quid repraefentans, fed fi quis per foramen
operculi vel tabellae, qua pi6tura tegitur, eiH-
giem re6i:a iiitueatur, tum vera depraehenditur ;
ingeniofum artificis inventum ; Caroli V. Rom.
Imperatoris ; Caroli Emanuelis Sabaudia^ Du-
cis, & Catharinae Hifpaniae conjugis ipfius ;
Ferdinandi Florentiae Ducis cum filiabus ;
Philippi regis Hifpaniae, cum veniret in Ang-
Jiam, 5c matrimonio fibi jungeret Mariam
Angliae reginam ; Henrici VII. Hehrici VIII.
matris ejufdem, item aliorum, aliarumque il-
luftrium imagines quam plurimae ; picSlura ob-
fidionis infulae Melites, five Malthas.

VIT. JEdlcuh cujufdam Eremitae, elegan-
tifTime ex ligno fculpta, inter faxa quafi delite-
fcentis.

VIII. Emblemata varia papyracea, clypei
forma m habentia, quibus^ adje\Sis fymbolis

* This ynujl he a blunder,

Nobiles



HENTZNER's Travels. 32

Edward, kings of England ; Rofamond ;
Lucrece, a Grecian bride, in her nuptial habit ;
the genealogy of the kings of England ; a
picture of king Edward VI. reprefenting at
firft fight fomething quite deformed, till by
looking through a fmall hole in the cover,
which is put over it, you fee it in it's true
proportions ; Charles V. Emperor ; Charles
Emanuel Duke of Savoy, and Catherine of
Spain, his wife ; Ferdinand Duke of Flo-
rence, with his daughters ; one , of Philip
king of Spain, when he came into England
and married Mary ; Henry VII. Henry VIII.
and his mother : Befides many more of illuf-
trious men and women ; and a picture of the
fiege of Malta*

VIL A fmall Hermitage, half hid in a rock,
finely carved in wood.

VIIL Variety of emblems, on paper, cut
in the fhape of fhields, with mottoes, ufed
by the nobility at tilts and tournaments, hung
up here for a memorial.

IX.



33 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Nobiles in exercitiis equeftribus & gladiatoriis
uti funt foliti, hie memoriae caufsa fufpenfa.

IX. Varia inftrumenta mufica, & inter ea
unum, in quo duo fimul & una vice ludere
pofTunt.

X. Machina horaria, in qua Rhinoceros
cum ^thiope ei infidente confpicitur, quatuor
aliis veluti miniftris ad latera aftantibus, rcgem-
que portantibus, ac ad noire fonitum capita
infleftentibus ; haec omnia moventur ubi rotae
intenduntur.

Porro in adjuncfti huic. Aulae Vivarii introi-
tu, talis legitur infcriptio :

ISfiis pifcator tandem faptt^
Sed infelix A5iccon fcmpcr praceps.

Cajia Virgo facile miferetur ;

Sed potens Dea fcelus ulcifciUir,

Prada cantbus^ exemplum JuvenibuSj

fiiis dedecus^ peredt ASiaon,

Cura co?lit!buSy chara mortalihus^ Juts fecuritds^

Vivat Diana,

In



HENTZNER's Travels. 33

IX. Different inftruments of mufic, upon
one of which two perfons may perform at
the fame time.

X. A piece of clock-work, an ^thiop
riding upon a Rhinoceros, with four atten-
dants, who all make their obeifance, when it
ftrikes the hour ; thefe are all put into motion
by winding up the machine.

At the entrance into the Park from White-
hall is this infcription ;

* The Fijherman who has been wounded^ learns

though late to beware ;

But the unfortunate ASieson always preffes on^

The chafte Virgin naturally pitied:

But the powerful Goddefs revenged the wrongs

Let A^lteon fall a prey to his DogSy

An Example to Touth^

A difgrace to thofe that belong to him !

May Diana live the care of Heaven ;

The delight of Mortals ;
The fecurity of thofe that belong to Her !

* This romantic infcription probably alluded
to Philip II. who woed the Queen after her
fifter's death ; and to the deftrudion of his
Armada. L lu



34 HENTZNERI Itinerarii;m.

In vivario videntur damae, magno numero.

In alio quodam horto, hulc arci contiguo,
eft fons falientis aqu.e, cum horologio folari,
quod dum peregre advenientes contemplantur,
aqua ex fiftulis copiose erumpit, & circum-
ftantes largiflime afpergit, hortulano a longin-
quo rotam quandam circumagente, qua aqua
ifta propellitur.

Domus Senatoria vel publica quae GuiL-
THAL vulgo vocatur, a Thoma Knovvles pul-
cherrime conftruvSa eft, in qua duorum Gy-
gantum ftatuae videntur, qui Anglis auxilio
fuIlTe dicuntur, cum Roman! eos bello perfe-
querentur ; iftorum nomina funt, Corinius
Britannus, Goemagott Albionus. Subeft in
tabula quadam titulus Caroli V, Imperatoris,
aurejs Uteris fcriptus.

Status Relpublicae in hac urbe eft talis ;
urbs ipfa in xxv. reglones feuTribus divifa eft ;
^ronciliumque reipub. penes xxiv. fenes confti-
tutum, qui ab astate, lingua vulgari Alterman»
id eft, fenatores appellantur^ quorum finguli

fingulis



HENTZNER's Travels. 34

In this Park is great plenty of Deer.

In a garden joining to this palace, there is
a Jet d'eau, with a fun-dial, which while
ftrangers are looking at, a quantity of water,
forced by a wheel, which the gardiner turns
at a diftance, through a number of little pipes,
plentifully fprinkles thofe that are ftanding
round.

Guild-Hall, a fine ftrufture, built by
Thomas Knowles : Here are to be ken the
ftatues of two Giants, faid to have aflifted
the Englifti when the Romans made war
upon them ; Corinius of Britain, and Gog-
magog of Albion, Beneath upon a table the
titles of Charles V. Emperor are written in
letters of gold.

The government of London is this : The
city is divided into 25 Regions, or Wards ;
the council is compofed of 24 Aldermen, one
of which prefides over every Ward. And
whereas of old, the chief magiftrate, was a
Portreve, /. e. Governor of the city : Richard I.
appointed two Bailiffs 5 inftead of which,
h % king



2S HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

fingulis Tribubus praefunt ; et cum antiquitus
pro fummo Magiftratu Porgreve, id eft, urbis
praefedum habuiflcnt, duos Ballivos Rich-
ard us I. inftituit, pro qui bus Joannes rex, ut
Majorem five Praetorem annuum Magiftratum,
fuis fufFragiis e XII. primariis corporibus eli-
gerent voluit, duofque Vicecomites, Schirifs
vulgo nuncupatos, quorum alter regius, ur-
banus alter dicitur, nominarent. Atqye hac
Reip. forma conftituta, incredibile eft, quan-
tum publicis privatifque operibus ha^^enus urbs
haec creverit. GulieL Carnhden In Britannia
fub tit, Midlefex.

Ceterum notatu dignum hlc eft, quod Ma-
jor five Praetor hujus loci quotannis die Bar-
tholomasi Apoftoli, quo nundinrc & encct^nia
habentur, cam xii. primariis fejiatoribus^ in
campum vicinum folet exfpatiari, toga purpu-
rea ami6lus, & catena aurea cui appenfa finit
infignia in formam aurei Vclleris, cin<Sus,
ornatus infijper infigni Perifcelidis ordinis or-
namento, quo quilibct in hac dignitatc con-
ftitutus dccor^tur k to to Magiftratus annui

tempore



HENTZNER's Travels. 35

king John gave a power by grant, of chufing
annually a Mayor, from any of the twelve
principal Companies, and to name two
Sheriffs, one of which to be called the
King's, the other, the City's. It is fcarce
credible how this city encreafed, both in pub-
lic and private buildings, upon eftablifhing
this form of government. Vide Camhdcris
Britan, Middlefex.

It is worthy of obfervation, that every year
upon St. Bartholemew's day, when the Eair
is held, it is ufual for the Mayor, attended by
the 12 principal Aldermen, to walk in a neigh-
bouring field, dreffed in his fcarlet gown, and
about his neck a golden chain, to which is
hung a * Golden Fleece, and befides, that
t particular ornament, which diftinguifhes the
moft noble Order of the Garter. During
the year of his Magiftracy, he is obliged to
live fo magnificently, that Foreigner or Na^

* This probably alluded to the woollen inanvfac-
ture j Stow 7nentions his riding through the Cloth
Fair^ on the Eve of St. Bartholemew^ p. 65 1 .

t The Collar of SS, tive,



36 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

tempore ita magnificum fe exhibere cogitur,
ut quibufvis & incolis & peregrinis, ad men-
fam ejus, variis epulis inftru6lifrimam, modo
vacet locus, abfque ulla impensa accedere
quotidie liberum fit. Exeunti extra urbem
praefertur fceptrum, gladlus & pileus ; fe-
quuntur primarii Senatores, omnes equltes,
licut & ipfe Major, rubris togis veftiti, & ca-
tenis aureis cinfti ; ubi ad locum deftinatum,
& tentorium ibidem ereftum, ventum eft, qui-
dam ex plebe prodeunt & luftando bini ac
bini fe exercent ; vi^tores a Magiftratu prae-
mia acclpiunt ; dimittuntur poftea in circum-
fufam & promifcuam multitudinem cuni-
culi vivi, quos pueri magno clamore infeftan-
tur. Huic fpeftaculo cum intereflemus, qui-
dam forte ex noftro com ita tu, Thobias Salan-
der nomine, medicinae Do(3or, crumenam cum
IX. coronatis folaribus amifit, quam procul
dubio lateri ejus femper adhaerens Anglus ita
ingeniose fubtraxerat, ut Salander ne mini-
mum quidem perfentifcerct.

Aix



HENTZNER's Travels. 36

tive, without any expence, is free, if he can
find a chair empty, to dine at his table,
where there is always the greateft plenty.
When the Mayor goes out of the precin6ts
of the city, a fcepter, a fword, and a cap,
are born before him, and he is followed by
the principal Aldermen in fcarlet gowns,
with gold chains ; himfelf and they on horfe-
back : Upon their arrival at a place appoint-
ed for that purpofe, where a tent is pitched,
the mob begin to wreftle before them, two at
a time ; the conquerors receive rewards from
the Magiftrates. After this is over, a parcel
of live Rabits are turned loofe among the
crowd, which are purfued by a number of
boys, who endeavour to catch them, with
all the noife they can make. While we were
at this fhew, one of our company, Thobias
Salander, Dodor of Phyfic, had his pocket
picked of his purfe, with nine crowns du foleil,
which without doubt was fo cleverly taken
from him, by an Englifhman who always,
kept very clofe to him, that the Doctor did not
in the leaft perceive it.

The



2^ HENTZNERI Itinerarium.



Arx five TuRRis LoNDiNENSis, Britan-
nice ab albedine Bringwin & Tourgwin,
apellata, fofsa admodum profunda & lata, ac
muro duplici & alto probe cincSta eft, in hujus
centro, Turris ilia antiquiflima & fortiflima,
quatuor aliis turribus inclufa, & a Julio
Caefare quorundam opinione condita, cerni-
tur. Hanc arcem cum ingrederemur, glaJil
ad portam deponendi, & fatellitibus tradendi
eraiit. Poftea a quodam introduvSli, mon-
ftrabantur nobis tapetia regia ultra centum,
a urea, argentea, & ferica \ fellae regiae ho-
loferico varii coloris coopertae, magnus lecSlif-
terniorum apparatus, veluti conopcea, & id
genus alia margaritis ditiflime exornata, turn
veftimenta regia magnificentifHma, quae omnia
propter impenfas maximas facile quemvis in
fui admirationem trahere poterant. Inde in
Armamentarium ducli ; in quo hsec peculia-
ria ; haftae ex quibus ejaculatur ; hafta^ alias
multae, & fplendidx, quas partifan vulgo ap-
pellant, & quibus ad defenfionem regii cor-
poris in bello fatellites utuntur ; lanceae holo-

ferico



HENTZNER's Travels. 37

The Castle, or Tower of London,
called Bringwin, and Tourgwin, in
Welch, from it's whitenefs, is encompafTed
by a very deep and broad ditch, as well as a
double wall very high. In the middle of the
whole is that very antient and very ftrong
Tower, enclofed with four others, which in
the opinion of fome, was built by Julius
Caefar. Upon entering the Tower, we were
obliged to quit our fwords at the gate, and
deliver them to the guard. V/hen we were
introduced, w^e were fhewn above a hundred
pieces of arras belonging to the crown, made
of gold, filver, and filk ; feveral faddles cover-
ed with velvet of different colours ; an im-
menfe quantity of bed-furniture, fuch as cano-
pies, and the like, fome of them moft richly
ornamented with pearl ; fome royal drefles,
fo extremely magnificent, as to raife any one's
admiration at the fums they muft have cofl*.
We were next led into the Armoury, in which
are thefe particularities : Spears, out of which
you may fhoot ; fhields, that will give fire four
times ; a great many rich halberds, coihmon-
M ly



I



38 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

ferico rubro, & viridi teniae, cum Henrici
VIII. Anglise regis armatura ; arma multa^
ac egregia, tarn pro viris, quam pro equis in
equefiri pugna ; lancea Caroli Brandeii Suffol-
ciae, quae trcs fpithamos crafTa erat ; tormenta
duo, ex quorum altero tres, ex altero feptem
globi pofTunt explodi ; duo tormenta lignea
magnitudinis immenfae, quibus Angli in op-
pugnatione Boloniae, Gallise oppidi, aliquan-
do funt ufi ; quo ftratagemate, cum alias im-
poflibile fuiflet, cum ejufcemodi tormentis ap-
propinquare ad oppidum, Bolonienfes territi,
fefe Tub certis conditionibus dediderunt ; xix,
tormenta crafliora ; & xxxvi. quodam modo
minora, erant in camera peculiar! ; alia item
tormenta, ex quibus catenas, globulique fran-
gendis navium malis apti exploduntur. Ba-
liftae, arcus, fagittae, quibus etiamnum hodie
in exercitiis uti folent Angli magno numero :
Et quis omnia referre queat ? Expolitioni au-
tem rerum harum bellicarum omnium, vix ofto
vel novem viri quotannis fufficiunt.

Officina



HENTZNER's Travels. 38

ly called partuifans, with which the guard de-
fend the Royal perfon in battle ; fome lances,
covered with red and green velvet, and the
body-armour of Henry VIII. ; many, and
very beautiful arms, as well for men, as for
horfes in horfe-fights ; the lance of Charles
Brandon Duke of Suffolk, three fpans thick ;
two pieces of canon, the one fires three,
the other {even balls at a time ; two others
made of wood, which the Englifh had at the
feige of Boulogne, in France, and by this
{tratagem, without which they could not have
fucceeded, they ftruck a terror into the inhabi-
tants, as at the appearance of artillery, and
the town was furrendered upon articles ; 19
canon, of a thicker make than ordinary, and
in a room apart ; 36 of a fmaller ; other
canon for chain-ftiot ; and balls proper to
■bring down mafts of fhips. Crofs-bows,
bows and arrows, of which to this day the
Englifh make great ufe in their exercifes : But
who can relate all that is to be feen here ?
Eight or nine men, employed by the year, arc
fcarce fufficient to keep all the arms bright.

M 2 The



39 HENTZNERI Itinerarium,

Oificlna praeterea eft in hac arce monetaria,
cudendis regiis nummis occupata.

N. B. Notandum hie, quod fi quis ex illuf-
triore familia facinus aliquod magnum perpe-
tret morte dignum, crimen nimirum laefae ma-
jeftatis, aut fimile quid, is huic arci includitur,
& rariiT^mum eft, ut inde liberetur, . & falvus
dimittatur, Hie decapitata fuit Anna Bolenia
Henrici VIII, Angliae regis conjiinx, ibidem-
que in Sacello fepulta, fed abfque infcriptione :
Regina quoquc Elifabetha in hoc ergaftulo
captiya fuit detenta a forore Maria Angliae
regina, qua tandem vita defunfta, inde libera-
ta, atque ad regnj gubernatipnerp legitime fuit
evocati;,

Egreili ex hac arcc in domunculam propin-
quam concefiimus, in qua diverfi generis alun-


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