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tur animalia, tres videlicet Lenenae, & Leo
unus ingentis miignitudlnis, quern Edvvardum
fextum vocitant, CO quod regis iftius tempore
natus hie fit, Tigris, Lynx, Lupus, valde anno-
fus, quod rarinimum in Anglia animal, unde


HENTZNER's Travels. 39

The Mint for coining money is in the

N, B. It is to be noted, that when any of
the nobility are fent hither, on the charge of
high crimes, punifhable with death, fuch as
treafon, ^c, they feldom or never recover
their liberty. Here was beheaded Anna
Bolen, wife of king Henry VIII. and lies
buried in the Chapel, but without any infcrip-
tion : And queen Elizabeth was kept prifoner
here by her fifter queen Mary, at whofe
death fhe was enlarged, and by right called to
the throne.

On coming out of the Tower, we were
led to a fmall houfe clofe by, where are kept
variety of creatures, viz, three Lioneffes, one
Lion of great fize, called Edward VI. from
his having been born in that reign ; a Tyger,
a Lynx ; a Wolf, exceflively old ; this is a
very fcarce animal in England, fo that their
fheep and cattle ftray about in great numbers,
free from any danger, though without any


40 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

etiam numerofi ovium greges & armenta hinc
inde abfque cuftodibus impune oberrant ; item
Hiftrix, Aquila : Atque haec animalia omnia
in loco remotiori, & ad banc rem defignato,
clathris ligneis circumfepta, Reginae fumptibu*

Prope banc arcem, area eft fatis ampla, in
cujus eminentiore loco contabulatio lignea
ere*£la eft, fuppliciis illuftrium deftinata, fuper
qua tres Angliae principes, fuae familas ultimos,
Isefa^ majeflatis reos, decollatos efle fertur : In
ripa Tbamcfis fluvii huic arci contigua, pluri-
ma videntur tormenta, & aenea, & ferrea,
quorum praecipuus in mari eft ufus.

Vifu deinde & notatu dignum quoque eft in
hac urbe periftylium five Janum medium,
Burfam vulgus, regina Elifabetha Excambi-
UM Regium dixit, ad negotiatorum ufum &
urbis ornamentum, a Thoma Grefbamo Eque-
Uris ordinis cive pofitum ; magnificam illud
quidem, five sedificii ftru£!:uram, five gentium
frcquentiam, five mercium copiam fpc6les ; ut
etiam Hanfiaticae Societatis domum omittam,
& aquas, fubterraneis cimiculis, & fypbonibus,


HENTZNER's Travels. 40

body to keep them ; there ia befidcs, a Porcu-
pine, and an Eagle : All thefe creatures are
kept in a remote place, fitted up for the pur-
pofe with wooden lattices, at the Qiieen's

Near to this Tower, is a large open fpace,
on the higheft part of it is ere6ted a wooden
fcafFold, for the execution of noble criminals 5
upon which they fay, three princes of Eng-
land, the laft of their families, have been be-
headed for high treafon : On the bank of the
Thames clofe by, are a great many canon,
fuch chiefly as are ufed at fea.

The next thing worthy of note, is the
Royal Exchange, (o named by queen
Elizabeth, built by Sir Thomas Grefham,
Citizen, for public ornament, and the con-
venience of merchants. It has a great efFe<3:,
whether you confider the ftatelinefs of the
building, the aflemblage of different nations,
or the quantities of merchandife. I fhall fay
nothing of the hall belonging to the Hans

Society ;

41 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

in omnes urbis regiones derivatas, illifque re-
cipicndis elegantiilima caftella feu labra ; no-
vum etiam aquedu6lum, quo hydragogi Ger-
man! folers induftria, rota e Thamefi aquas
in magnam urbis partem, tubulis certo libra-
mine difpofitis, ante paucos annos deduxit.

Britwel, Corre6tionis domus hodie, quon-
dam in Caroli V. Rom. Imperatoris gratiam,
intra fpatium fex hebdomadarum extrudla.

Ah ALL, domus a Sutore quodam aedifica-
ta, Reip. Londinenfi deftinata, in qua fmgulis
feptimanis ter venduntur merces variae, ut
pote frumentum, lana, panni, frudus, & alia.

Sunt porro Londini extra urbem Thea-
TRA aliquot, in quibus Hiftriones Angli Co-
mcedias Sc Tragoedias fmgulis fere diebus, in
magna hominum frequentia agunt, quas va-
riis etiam faltationibus, fuaviilima adhibita
mufica, magno cum populi applaufu fin ire

Non lon^e ab uno horum theatrorum,
quae omnia lignea funt, ad Thamefim Navis


HENTZNER's Travels. 41

SpGiety 5 or of the conveyance of water to
all parts of the town by fubterranncous
pipes, nor the beautiful conduits and ciilerns
for the reception of it ; nor of the rifing of
water out of the Thames by a wheel, in-
vented a few years fince by a German.

BjRiDEWELL, at prefent the Houfe of
Correftion : It was built in fix weeks for
the reception of the Emperor Charles V.

A Hall, built by a Cobler, and beftowed
on the city, where are expofed to fale three
times in a week, corn, wool, cloth, fruits,
and the like.

Without the city are fome Theatres,
ivhere Englifh Actors reprefent almoft
every day Tragedies and Comedies to very
numerous audiences ; thefe are concluded
with excellent mufic, variety of dances, and
the exceflive applaufe of thofe that are

Noitf^r frpm c>ne of thefe Theatres, which

.are all built of wood, lies the Royal Barge,

N clofe

4ii HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

feft Rcgia, qu^ duo egfegla habet conclavi^^
feneftris pellucidls, plcluris & fculpturis elegan-
ter exornata, in ficco & quidem fub tedlo col-
locata, propterea ut a pluviis & coeli inju-
ria immunis fit*

Eft & alius poftea locus Theatri quoque for-
mam habens, Urfdrum & Taurorum vena-
tionibus deftinatus, qui a poftica parte alligati
a magnis illis canibus & moloffis Anglici^,
quos lingua vernacula doften appellant, mire
exagitantur, ita tamen, ut faepe canes ifti ab
Urfis vel Tauris dentibus arrepti, vel corni-
bus impetiti, de vita periclitari, aliquando
etiam animam exhalare ibleant, quibus fic vel
lailis ftatim fubftituuntur alii recentes & magis
alacres. Accedit aliquando in fine hujus
fpe^laculi Urfi plane excaecati flagellatio,
ubi quinque vel fex, in circulo conftituti, Ur-
fiim flagellis mifere excipiunt, qui licet alliga-
tus aufugere nequeat, alacriter tamen fe de-*
fend it, circumftantes, & nimium appropin-
quantes, nifi re6le & provide fibi caveant,
profternit, ac flagella e manibus csedentium
cripit atque confringit» Utuntur in hifce fpec-


HENTZNER's Travels. 42

clofe to the river ; it has two fplendid cabbins,
beautifully ornamented with glafs windows,
painting and gilding ; it is kept upon dry
ground, and {heltered from the v/eather.

There is ftill another place, built in the
form of a Theatre, which ferves for the bait-
ing of Bulls and Bears, they are faftened be-
hind, and then worried by great Englifh bull-
dogs ; but not without great rifque to the
dogs, from the horns of the one, and the
teeth of the other ; and it fometimes happens
they are killed upon the fpot 5 frefli ones are
immediately fupplied in the places of thofe
that are wounded, or tired. To this enter-
tainment, there often follows that of whip-
ping a blinded Bear, which is performed by
five or fix men, (landing circularly with whips,
which they exercife upon him without any
mercy, as he cannot efcape from them be-
caufe of his chain ; he defends himfelf with
all his force and (kill, throwing down all who
come within his reach, and are not a£live
enough to get out of it, and tearing the
N 2 whi|)^

43 HENTZNERI Itinf.rarium.

taculis ficut & alibi, ubicunque locorum fint
Angli, herba nieotiana, quam Americano
idiomate Tobaca nuncupant (Paetum alii di-
cunt) hoe modo frequentiffime ; fiftulae m
hunc finem ex argilla fa6tae, orificio pofteriori
dictam herbam probe exficcatam, ita ut in pul-
verem facile redigi poflit, immittunt, & igne
admoto accenduiit, unde fumus ab anterior!
parte ore attrahitur, qui per nares rurfufn,
tanquam per infumibulum exit, & phlegma
ac capitis defluxiones magna copia Tecum edu-
cit. Circumferuntur infuper in hifce theatris
varii fru(5lus venales, ut poma, pyra, nuces &
pro ratione temporis, etiam vinum & cerevifia.

Collegia intra & extra urbem quinde^
cim hie numerantur, magnifies ItrucSlurje, ad-
jtin(51tis ubique hortis amdenilTimis, quorum
praecipua (init tec tria :

I. Templum, vulgo Te-mpel, in quo
olirri Templarii, di6lum, uti videtur, c tem-
plo antkjuiiilmo, cui Tunis rotunda addita^


HENTZNER's Travels. 43

whips out of their hands, and breaking
them. At thefe fpe6lacles, and every where
elfe, the Englifh are conftantly fmoaking
Tobacco, and in this manner ; they have
pipes on purpofe made of clay, into the far-
ther end of which they put the herb, fo dry
that it may be rubbed into powder, and put-
ting fire to it, they draw the fmoak into their
mouths, which they pufF out again, through
their noftrils, like funnels, along with it
plenty of phlegm and defluxion from the head.
In thefe theatres fruits, fuch as apples, pears
and nuts, according to the feafon, are carried
about to be fold, as well as ale and wine.

There are fifteen Colleges, within and
without the city, nobly built, with beautiful
gardens adjoining. Of thefe the three prin-
cipal are :

I. The Temple, inhabited formerly by
the Knights Templars : It feems to have
I taken it's name from the old Temple, or
Church, which has a round Tower added to


44 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Ibb qua eft fepultura regum Danorum, qui
olim in Anglia regnarunt.

II. Grezin* &

III. Lyconsin.

In hlfce Collcgiis aluntur adolefcentes &
nobiles & plebeii magno numero, philofophiae,
theologiae, &me(licinae potiflimum operam dan-
tes, (pauciflimi enim ad ftudium juris animum
adjiciunt) laute vivunt, & poculis argenteis
utuntur. Quod cum aliquando illuftris qui-
dam vir viJiflet, admirans magnum pocu-
lorum argenteorum numerum, in haec ver-
ba prorupifle fertur : *^ Convenire potius
*' Scholaftlcis ex teftaceis & vitreis quant
'^ argenteis vafculls bibere." Refponfum ei
a Collegio : ^' Se omnia fua pocula ipfi
*^ velle tradere, fi conditionem accipiat, &
'^ vicifTim fibi de teftaceis & vitreis vafculis
*' fufficientcr profpiciat ; frequentiflimam enim
*' horuni confradionem pofle fortaffis ali-
" quando longe fuperare jeftimationem argen-
^' teoruni."


KENTZNER^s Travels. 44

It, under which lie buried thofe kings of
Denmark, that reigned in England.

II. Grays-Inn. And ^

III. Lincolns-Inn.

In thefe Colleges numbers of the young

nobility, gentry, and others, are educated,

and cheifly in the ftudy of phyfic, for very few

apply themfelves to that of the law : They

are allowed a very good table, and filver cups

to drink out off. Once a perfon of dif-

tinftion, who could not help being furprized

at the great number of cups, faid, '' He

*' fliould have thought it more fuitable to the

*^ life of Students, if they had ufed rather

<' glafs, or earthen-ware, than filver." The

College anfwered, <' They were ready to

'« make him a prefent of all their plate, pro-

*' vided he would undertake to fupply them

" with all the glafs, and earthen-ware, they

*< fhould have a demand for; fince it was

<^ very likely he would find the expence,

" from confl-ant breaking, exceed the value

'' of the filver.''


45 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Plateas habet urbs ifta nitidas & mundas ;
prae reliquis tamen exccllit, quae ab aurifabris
nomen hab^tj'lin hac turris deaurata cerni-
tur, cum fonte falientis aquae, cui adjed:ae
funt ab altero latere aedes fatis fplendidae, ab
aurifabro quodam olim conftruftae, & reipub.
donatae ; videntur praeterea in hac potiflimum
platea, licet idem quoque fit in aliis ubi auri-
fabri habitant, aurea & argentea yafa propa-
1am expofita, item antiqua Sc recentia nu-
mifmata, in tanta copia, ut quemlibet percgre
advenientem, & ifta contemplantem facile
in admirationem trahant.

Fitz-Stephanus Anglicse hiftoriae fcriptor,
fuo tempore cxxvii. Ecclefias Parochiales &
XIII. Conventuales Londini numeravit, &
fada hominum armigerorum oftenfione, qua-
draginta millia peditum, equitum viginta mil-
lia, fub fignis Londinenfes eduxifTe Uteris pro-
didit. Guilhel. CambcL in Britannia fub tit.


HENTZNER's Travels. 45

The ftreets in this city are very handfome
and clean ; but that v/hich is named from
the gold-fmiths who inhabitjft, furpafies all
the reft : There is in it a gilt Tower, with
a fountain that plays. Near it on the farther
fide is a handfome houfe, built by a gold-
fmith, and prefented by him to the city.
There are befides to be (cen in this ftreet, as
in all others where there are gold-fmiths
fhops, all forts of gold and filver veflels ex-
pofed to fale ; as well as antient and modern
medals, in fuch quantities as muft furprize a
man the firft time he fees and confiders them.

Fitz-^'Stephens, a writer of Englifh hiftory,
reckoned in his time in London, 127 parifli
Churches, and 13 belonging to Convents :
He mentions befides, that upon a review
there of men able to bear arms, the people
brought into the field under their colours,
40,000 foot, and 20,000 horfe. Fide Camb-
dm's Britan, Middle/ex.

O The

46 HENTZNERI Itinerariutvt^

OsTREA delicatiflimi efus hie magna in
numero venalia circumferuntur.

Notiillmum eft & illud, Pannos Angli-
cos ob mater iae bonitatem valde commendari,
& in omnia Europae regna & provincias im-

Vidimus in Leonardi Fabri, fartoris, Lon-
dinenfis sedibus fpeculum excellentiifimum,
margaritis, auro, argento, & holoferico ita
exornatum, ut quingentis coronatis folaribus
aeftimarctur. Habebat idem hippocampum &
aethitem lapidem, quae ut rara & vifu digna
libenter afpeximus.

jftgue hac de LoNDiNO Anglia MeiropolL

Londino poftea exfpatiandi causa Thamefi
flumine fecundo digreffis, primum nobis oc-
currit navis nobiliflimi iftius Pyratae Franclfci
Draci, qua totum terrarum orbem (five per
^trumque hemifphaerium) circumnavigafTe di-


HENTZNER's Travels. 46

The ibeft Oysters are fold Uere in great

Every body knows that English Cloth
is much approved of, for the goodnefs of the
rnaterials, and imported into all the kingdoms
and provinces of Europe. ^

We were fliewn at the houfe of Leonard
Smith, a taylor, a moll perfe£l looking-glafs,
ornamented with gold, pearl, filver and velvet,
fo richly as to be eftimated at five hundred
ecus du foleil. We faw at the fame place the
liippocamp and eagle ftone, both very curious
and rare.

And thus much of London^

Upon taking the air down the river, the
firft thing that ftruck us, was the fhip of that
noble Pirate, Sir Francis Drake, in which
he is faid to have Surrounded this globe of
earth. On the left hand lies Ratcliffe,
O 2 a coo*

47 HENTZNERI Itikerarium.

citur, cujus reliquiae memoriae caufsa adh\ic
ibi aflervantur ; ad finiftram eft fuburbium fatis
magnum, Rattelew divftum, cui in altera
ripa oppofita eft pertica quaedam lignea, cum
cornibus arietinis fuperius affixis ; qiise vulgo
fignificare dicuntur, ita puniri etahi, qui fcien^
& volens paflus fit alium cum conjuge fua con-
cumbere, tacite in adulterium confentiendo.

Venimus deinde ad arcefn I'egiam^ Gron-
wiDGE feu Grunwidge vulgo dictam, quae
arx Latinis faltum viridem denotat ; banc Hum-
fradum Gloceftria^ Ducem aedificare cepifTe,
& Henricum VIL Angliae regem magnifice
adauxiffc, fama eft. Nata eft in eadem fe-
reniiTmia Angliae regina Elifabetba, quae adhuc
rerum potitur, & in hac libentiffime, praefer-
tim tempore aeftivo, ob fummam loci amceni-
tatem efl'e folet. Poftquam banc arcem in-
grefii fumus,' ex mandato fummi Cubiculari-
orum Praefedli, quod Dn. Daniel Rogerius im-
petraverat, in Cameram Praefentationis, un-
diquaque tapctis preciofis exornatam, (pavi-
mcntum vero, uti in Angliae moris eft, foeno


. HENTZNER's Travels. 47

a confiderable fuburb : On the oppofite fhore
is fixed a long pole with rams-horns upon it,
the intention of which was vulgarly faid to
be, a reflection upon wilful and contented

We arrived next at the royal palace of
Greenwich, reported to have been origi-
nally built by Humphrey Duke of Gloucefter,
and to have received very magnificent addi-
tions from Henry VIT. It was here Eliza-
beth, the prefent queen, was born, and here
flie generally refides ; particularly in fummer,
for the delightful nefs of it's fituation. We
were admitted by an order Mr. Rogers had
procured from the Lord Chamberlain, into
the Prefence-Chamber, hung with rich tapef^
try, and the floor after the Englifh fafliion,
ftrewcd with * hay, through which the
Queen commonly pafles in her way to chapel :
At the door ftood a Gentleman drefl'ed in
velvet, with a gold chain, whofe oflfice was

* He probably Means rujhes.


4$ HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

crat conftratum) quam Regina, quando in
facellum ad preces ire vult, tranfire folet ; ad
janum ftabat nobilis quidam veftibus holoferi-
cis amiiStus, $c catena aurea cinctus, qui Co-
mites, Barones, Nobiles & alios utriufque
fexus, Reginam adire cupientes, ad eandem
deducebat ; (erat tiim forte dies Dominicus,
quo magnates plerumque reginam invifere
folent) in camera, quam dixi, praeftolabantur
reginam Epifcopi Cantuarienfis & Londinen-
fis, Confiliarii, Officiarii, & Nobiles magno
numero ; poftea cum hora precum inflaret,
Regina ex fuo conclavi prodiit, tali cum co-
mitatu :

Praeibant Nobiles, Barones, Comites, &
Equites Ordinis Perifcelidis, omnes fplendidc
veftiti, & capite detefto ; proxime antecede-
bant duo, alter qui fceptrum Regni, alter qui
gladium in vagina rubra aureis liliis diftinfta
reconditum, cufpide furfum versa, portabat, in-
ter quos medius procedebat magnus Anglia*
Canccllarius, figillum Regni in marfupio ho-
lofcrico rubro gerens 5 hos fcquebatur Regina^


HENTZNER^s Travels. 48

to introduce to the Queen any Perfon of Dif-
tiiKSion, that came to wait on her: It was
Sunday, when there is ufually the greateft
attendance of Nobilit)% In the fame hall
were the Archbifhop of Canterbury, the
Bifliop of London, a great number of Coun-
fellors of State, Officers of the Crown, and
Gentlemen, who waited the Queen's coming
out ; which fhe did from her own apartment,
when it was time to go to Prayers, attended
in the following manner :

Firft went Gentlemen, Barons, Earls,
Knights of the Garter, all richly dreffed and
bare-headed ; next came the Chancellor,
bearing the Seals in a red-filk Purfe, between
Two ; one of which carried the Royal Scep-
.ter, the other the Sword of State, in a red
fcabbard, ftudded with golden Fleurs de Lis,
the point upwards : Next came the Quecn>
in the Sixty-fifth Year of her Age, as wc
were told, very majeftic ; her Face oblong,
fair, but wrinkled ; her Eyes fmall, yet
black and pleafant ; her Nofe a little hooked ;
her Lips narrow, and her Teeth black ; (a


49 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.
aetatis, uti rumor erat, Lxv. annorum, mag-,
na cum majeflate, facie oblonga & Candida,
fed rugosa, occulis parvis, fed iiigris & gra-
tiofis, nafo paululum inflexo, labiis compreflis,
dentibus fuliginofis (quod vitium ex nimio
faccari ufu Anglos contrahere verifimile eft)
inaures habens duas margaritis nobiliffimis
appenfis, crinem fulvum fed fad^itium ; capiti
impofita erat parva qurxdam corona, quae ex
particula auri celeberrimas illius tabulae Lunae-
burgcnfis fadla effe perhibetur ; pecSore erat
luida, quod virginitatis apud Anglos nobiies
fignum eft ; nam maritatae funt tedtae ; col-
lum torques gemmis nobiliftimis refertus
circumdabat ; manus erant graciles, digiti
longlufculi, ftatura corporis mediocris ; in in-
ceffu magnifica, verbis blanda & humanifH-
ma ; irxduta forte turn temporis erat vefte ferJ-
ca alba, cujus oram margarkae preciofiiTimse
fabarum magnitudine decorabant, toga fuper-
inje6la ex fcrico nigro, cui argentea fila ad-
mifta, cum Cauda longiftima, quam March io-
nifia pone fequens a pofteriori parte elevatam
geftabat ; collare habebat oblongum, vice
catenae, gemmis & auro fulgens. Turn,


HENTZNER's Travels. 49

dcfcA the Englifh feem fubje^ to, from their
too great ufe of fugar) fhe had in her Ears
two pearls, with very rich drops ; fhe wore
falfe Hair, and that red -, upon her Head fhe
had a fmall Crown, reported to be made of
fome of the gold of the celebrated Lune-
bourg table * : Her Bofom was uncovered,
as all the Englifh ladies have it, till they mar-
ry ; and fhe had on a Necklace of exceeding
fine jewels ; her Hands were fmall, her
Fingers long, and her Stature neither tall
nor low ; her air was flately, her manner
of fpeaking mild and obliging. That day
file was drefled in white Silk, bordered with
pearls of the fize of beans, and over it a
Mantle of black filk, fhot with fdver threads ;
her Train was very long, the end of it born
by a Marchionefs ; inflead of a Chain, fhe
had an oblong Collar of gold and jewels.
As fhe went along in all this flate and mag-
nificence, fhe fpoke very graciouily, firfl to

* Jt this diftance of t'lme^ it is difficult to
fay wkat this was,

P one.

50 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

cum tali in pompa & magnificentia incederet,
nunc cum hoc, mox cum alio Icquebatur
perhumaniter, qui vel legationis vel alterius
rei caufla eo venerant, utens nunc materno,
nunc Gallico, nunc Italico idiomate ; nam
praeterquam quod Graece & Latine eleganter
eft do6^a, tenet ultra jam commemorata
idiomata, etiam Hifpanicum, Scoticum &
Belgicum ; omnes illam alloquentes, pedibus
flexis id faciunt, quorum aliquos interdum
manu elevare folet. Hos inter forte tum erat
Baro quidam Bohemus, Gulielmus Slawata
nomine, Reginae literas offerens, cui manum
dextram chirotheca detrafta, annulis & lapi-
dibus preciofiflimis fplendentem porrexit of-
culandam, quod maximum infignis clementiae
fignum eft ; in tranfitu, quocunque faciem
vertit, omnes in genua procidunt ; fequeba-
tur Gynaeceum ex Comitiffis, Baroniflis, &
Nobilibus feminis, fumma pulchritudine &
forma excellentibus conftans, & maxima ex
parte, veftimentis albicans; ab utroque latere
comitabantur earn Satellites nobiles cum haftis
deauratis, quorum quinquaginta funt numero ;
in praeambula Sacelli, quod huic atrio conti-

HENTZNER^s Travels. 50

one, then to another, whether foreign Mi-
niflers, or thofe who attended for different
reafons, in Englifh, French and Italian ; for
befides being well fkilled in Greek, Latin,
and the Lano:uao;es I have mentioned, (he is

DO ■'

miftrefs of Spanifli, Scotch, and Dutch :
Whoever fpeaks to her, it is kneeling ; now
and then (he raifes fome with her Hand.
While we were there, W, Slawata, a Bo-
hemian Baron, had letters to prefent to her;
and fhe, after pulling off her glove, gave
him her right Hand to kifs, fparkling with
rings and jewels, a mark of particular Fa-
vour : Wherever fhe turned her Face, as fhe
was going along, every body fell down on
their * knees. The Ladies of the Court
ibllowed next to her, very hand fome and well-

* Her Father had been treated with the fame
deference* It is mentioned by Fox in his ASfs
and Monument Sy that when the Lord Chancellor
went to apprehend queen Catherine Parr^ he
Jpoke to the King on his knees*

Kiftg fames L fuffered his courtiers to omit it.

Bacon's Papers, v. ii. p. 516,

P 2 fhaped,

51 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

guum eft, porriguntur ipfi libelli fupplices,
quos bcnigniffime accipit, unde tales fiunt ac-
clamationes ; GOD save the Quene
ELISABETH! hoc eft, DeusfahetRe-
ginam El'ijahetham ; ad quae populo fic ipfa
refpondet ; I thanoke you myn good
P E U P E L, id eft ; Ago tihi gratias popule
mi bone. In facello habebatur excellens mu-
fica, qua finita una cum precibus, quae vix
ultra dimidiam horam durabant, Regina
cadem magnificentia & ordine, quo antea
difceiTerat, redibat & ad prandium fe confere-
bat. Interea vero dum facris intererat, vidi-
mus illi apparari menfam hac adhibita (o-
lemnitate :

Primo Nobilis quidam atrium ingreflus,
fceptrum manu tenebat, adjunftum fibi habens
alium quendam Nobilcm cum mappa, qui
ambo cum ter fumma cum veueratione genua
ilexifftnt, alter ad menfam propius aceedens,
eam mappa infternebat j quo facSo, rurfus
poplite flexo difcedebant ; veniebant poft hos
alii duo, quorum alter rurfum cum fceptro,
alter cum falino, orbe & pane aderat, qui


HENTZNER's Travels. 51

fhaped, and for the mofl: part drcfied in white ;
fhe was guarded on each fide by the Gentle-
men Penfioners, fifty in number, with gilt
battle-axes ; in the Antichapel next the Hall

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