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where we were, Petitions were prefented to
her, and fhe received them moft graci-
oufly, which occafioned the acclamation of.
Long live Queen ELIZABETH!
She anfwered it with, I thank you my
GOOD PEOPLE. In the Chapel was
excellent mufic ; as foon as it, and the Service
was over, which fcarce exceeded half an hour,
the Queen returned in the fame State and
Order, and prepared to go to Dinner. But
while fhe was flill at Prayers, we faw her
Table fet out with the following Solemnity :

A Gentleman entered the room bearing a
rod, and along with him another who had a
table-cloth, which after they had both kneel-
ed three times, with the utmoft veneration,
he fpread upon the tabic, and after kneeling
again, they both retired. Then came two
others, one with the rod again, the other
with a falt-feller, a plate, and bread ; when

thev



51 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

cum^ uti priores, ter genua incurvafient, &
res modo didlae menfae impofitas effent, eadem
omnino cum ceremonia abtvere. Venit tan-
demVirgo quaedam Comitifla, uti affirmabatur,
eximiae pulchritudinis, veftita vefte ferica
alba, cui erat adjunfta nobills matrona, cul-
trum prseguftatorlum ferens, quse ter fummo
cum decore in pedes provoluta, poftea ad men-
fam acceflit, orbes fale & pane abfterfit, tan-
ta cum veneratione, ac fi Regina ipfa prae-
iens fuiffet ; cumque paululum commoratii
ad menfam eflet, venerunt fatellites Regii,
onmes capite nudi, fagis rubris induti, qui-
bus in poftica parte erant affixae rofae aureae,
fingulis vicibus xxiv. mifliis ferculorum in
patinis argentcis & maxima ex parte deaura-
tis, adferentes ; ab his nobills quidam ordine
cibos accepit, & menfae impofuit ; praegu-
ftatrix vero cuilibet fatelliti, ex eadem, quam
ipfemet attulerat, patina, buccellam deguf-
tandam praebuit, ne aliqua veneni fubelTet
fufpicio ; dum fatellites ifti, qui centum nu-
mero proceid corporis ftatura, & omnium ro-
buftiflimi ex toto Angliae regno ad hoc munus
fumma cura dcliguntur, fupradi£los cibos ad-

portarcnt,



HENTZNER's Travels. 52

they had kneeled, as the others had done,
and placed what was brought upon the table,
they too retired with the fame ceremonies
performed by the firft. At lafl: came an un-
married Lady, (we were told fhe was a Coun-
tefs) and along with her a married one, bear-
ing a tafting-knife 5 the former was drefled
in white filk, who when Ihe had proftrated
herfelf three times, in the moft graceful man-
ner approached the table, and rubbed the
plates with bread and fait, with as much
awe, as if the Queen had been prefent :
When they had waited there a little while,
the Yeomen of the Guard entered, bare-
headed, cloathed in fcarlet, with a golden
rofe upon their backs, bringing in at each
turn a courfc of twenty-four difhes, ferved
in plate moft of it gilt ; thefe diflies were re-
ceived by a Gentleman in the fame order
they were brought, and placed upon the
table, while the Lady-Tafter gave to each of
the guard a mouthful to eat, of the particu-
lar difh he had brought, for fear of any poifon.
During the time that this guard, which con-
fiils of the talleft and ftouteft men that can

he



53 HETNITZNERI Itinerarium.

portarcnt, erant in aulae area xii. tubicines,
& duo tympaniftne, qui tubis, buccinis, Sc
tympariis magno fonitu per fefquihoram
clangebant. Caeremoniis autem, modo com-
memoratis, circa menfam abfolutis, aderant
illico virgines aliquot nobiles, quae fingulari
cum veneratione cibos de menfa auferebant,
& in interius & fecretius Reginae cubiculum
a/portabant.

Eligere ibi Regina folet quos vult, caeteri
pro gyniEceo fervantur ; prandet & coenat
fola paucis aftantibus, atque null us admitti-
tur, neque peregrinus, neque Regni quoque
incola, nifi rarifTimc & quidem ex fingulari
magnatis alicujus interceflione.

Caeterum prope banc arcem videtur Reginns
vivarium, in quo variae aluntur ferae ; quern
admodum & per totam fere Angliam ejufce-
modi vivaria valde funt frequentia, inter no-
biliores & ditiores potiilimum. In iflius um-
bilico Turris eft quadrata antiqua colliculo im-
pofita, MiREFLEUR nomine, cujus Amadi-
fium ilium Gailicum in figmentis fuis men-

tionem



I



HENTZNER's Travels. 53

be found in all England, being carefully fc-
le6led for this fervice, were bringing din-
ner, twelve trumpets, and two kettle-drums
made the hall ring for half an hour together.
At the end of all this ceremonial a number
of unmarried Ladies appeared, who with
particular folemnity lifted the meat off the
table, and conveyed it into the Queen's in-
ner and more private chamber, where after
(he had chofen for herfelf, the reft goes to
the Ladies of the Court.

The Queen dines and fups alone with very
few attendance ; and it is very fcldom that
any body, foreigner or native, is admitted at
that time, and then only at the interceinon
of fomebody in power.

Near this palace is the Qiieen's Park flock-
ed with deer: Such Parks are common
throughout England, belonging to thofe that
are diftinguifhed either for their rank or riches.
In the middle of this is an old fquare Tower,
called MiREFLEUR, fuppofed to be that men-
tioned in the romance of Am.adis de Gaul ;
and joining to it a plain, where Knights and
Q^ other



54 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

tionem facere, quldam volunt ; hulc contigua
eft planities Equeftribus exercitiis deftinata,
in qua ftatis & feftivis temporibus Equite*
aliique nobiles convenire folent.

LonJino curru dlfceflirtius loco vicina &
celebriora viffcndi gratia.

Vidimus prima arcem Thebal^ vuIo;o
THiBAULDSy pertmentem ad Dn. Burghley
Angliae Regni Thefaurarium ; in xyfto de-
pidta erat Anglrae regum genealogia; huic
contiguus eft hortus, quern -fofla aqua plena
fere undiquaque claudit, ita ut quis navigio-
magna cum voluptate inter fruticeta hinc
indc fpatiari poflit ; varias ibi reperias arbores^
& herbas, labyrinthos magna induftria failos,
fontem ex marmore candido falientis aquae,
columnas item & pyramides, turn ex ligno
turn ex alia materia paftim in horto po'fitas ; in"
trodu^i poftea ab hortulano in domum aefti-
vam. Vidimus in inferiore ejus parte, qua?
femicircularj forma conftru6la eft, xn. impe-
ratores Romanes ex marmore candido, Sc
njtenfam ex lydio lapide ; fuperioris parti*

utrumque



HENTZNER's Travels. 54

other Gentlemen ufe to meet at fet times
and holidays to exercife on horfe-back.

We left London in a coach, in order to fee
the remarkable places in it's neighbourhood.

The firft was Theobalds, belonging to
Lord Burleigh the Treafurer : In the gallery
was painted the genealogy of the kings of
England ; from this place one goes into the
garden, encompafled with a ditch full of
water, large enough for one to have the plea-
fure of going in a boat, and rowing between
the flirubs ; here are great variety of trees
and plants ; labyrinths made with a great
deal of labour ; ajetd*eau, with it's bafon
of white marble ; and columns and pyramids
of wood and other materials up and down
the garden : After feeing thefe, we were led
by the gardiner into the fummer-houfe, in the
lower part of which, built femicircularly, are
the twelve Roman emperors in white marble,
and a table of touchftone ; the upper part of
it is fet round with cifterns of lead, into
which the water is conveyed through pipes,

CL2 ' fo



55 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

utrumque latus cingunt labra plumbea, in quae
aqua per canales eft deducSa, ut in illis pifces
fervari, Sc asftivo tempore in frigida commode
lavari poflit ; in alio coenaculo, huic plane
vicino, & per ponticulum conjunfto, erat
menfa ex marmore rubro figura ovali. Ad
arc is hujus penetralia non fumus admiili prop-
ter abfentiam familiae, quas eodem die funerc
Domini fui Londini interfuit.

Hatztan, pagus.

Ware, vicus.

BocKRiTSCH, pagus ; Icdios a fervis in
hdc provincia fterni & praeparari hie primum
obren-avimus.

Camboritum, Cantabrigium, &
Cantabrigia Latinis, vulgo Cambridge
celeberrimum Angliae regni oppidum, fic dic-
tum a Camo Huvio, qui cum occidentale ejus
latus infulis ludens perfperfcrit, ad ortum con-
verius, in partes difpertit duas, ponteque con-
jungitur, undc rcceiitiu^ hoc nomen Cam-

brid2;e

o



HENTZNER's Travels. 55

fo that fifli may be kept in them, and in Turn-
mer time they are very convenient for bathing ;
in another room for entertainment very near
this, and joined to it by a little bridge, v/as
an oval table of red marble. We v/ere not
admitted to fee the apartments of this palace,
there being nobody to (hew it, as the family
was in tov/n attending the funeral of their
Lord *.

HoDSDON, a village.
Ware, a market tov7n.

PucKERiDGE, a village ; this was the firfl
place where we obfcrved that the beds at
inns were made by the waiters.

Camboritum, Cantabrigium, and
Cantabrigia, now called Cambridge,
a celebrated town, fo named from the river
Cam, which after wafhing the Weftern-fide,
playing through iflands, turns to the Eall, and
divides the town into two parts, which are

* Lord Trecifurer Burleigh diedy Aug, 4, 1598.

joined



56 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

bridge enatum ;, cum Saxonico vocabulo olim
Grantbridge appellatum fuerit. Ultra
pontem cernitur Caftellum amplum & vetuf-
tum in colle fitum, quod a Danis extruftum
fuifie perhibetur : Cis pontem, ubi urbis pars
longe maxima jacet, platearum defcrlptione,
templorum frequentia, Sc pulcherrimis Mufa-
rum facrariis five CoUegiis omnia nitent ; in
quibus eruditiilimi viri magno numero abintur,
omniumque bonarum artium fcientia & lin-
guarum cognitio florent.

De fundatione Academiae hujus oppidi &
de Collegiis haec paucula annotare placuit ;
Cantabrum Hifpanum, Anno ante Chriftum
natum 373. Academiam banc primum inftitu-
illc, & Sebcrtum Oriental ium Anglorum re-
gem, Anno poft Chriftum 630. reftituiile
perhibetur* Poftea Danicis procellis fubinde
cverfa, diu neglecSla jacuit, donee fub Nor-
mannico imperio omnia dilucefcere inceperint ;
jam inde literarum diverforia, hofpitia, &
nulx ftudiofis excitata fuerunt, fed nullis pof-
iciTionibus dotata.

Primum



HENTZNER's Travels. 56

joined by a Bridge ; whence it's modern
name : Formerly it had the Saxon one of
Grantbridge. Beyond this bridge is an
antient and large Caftle, faid to be built by
the Danes : On this fide, where far the
greater part of the town ftands, all is fpl en-
did ; the ftreets fine, the churches numerous,
and thofe feats of the Mufes, the Colleges,
moft beautiful ; in thefe a great number of
learned men are fupported, and the ft'udies of
all polite fciences and languages flouriih.

I think proper to mention fome few things
about the foundation of this Univerfity,
and it's Colleges. Cantaber, a Spaniard, h
thouo;ht to have firft inftituted this Acade-
my, 375 Years before Chrifl: ; and Sebert
king of the Eaft- Angles, to have reftored it,
A. D. 630. It was aftewards fubverted in
the confufion under the Danes, and lay long
neglected ; till upon the Norman conque^i:
every thing began to brighten up again :
From that time, Inns and Halls for the con-
venient lodging of Students began to be built,
but without any revenues annexed to them.

The



57 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Primum vero Collegium, quod S. Petri do«
mus vocatur, Hugo Balmam Epifcopus Eli-
enfis. Anno ChrilH 1280, exftruxit 5c dota-
vit, qucm fccuti Sc imitati Richardus Badew,
ab Eliiabetha Clara Ultoniae Comitilla adju-
tus, Anno Chrifli 1343, Auiam Clarenfem ;
Maria de S. Paulo Penbrochias ComitifTa,
Anno Chrifti 1343, Aulam Penbrochieniem ;
Societas fratrum Corporis Chrifti 1344, Col-
legium Corporis Chrifti ; quod & S. Benedicii
dicitur ; Joannes Craudenfis, Anno Chrifti
1354, Aulam Trinitatis ; Edmundus Gone-
>ile. Anno Chrifti 1348, Sc Joannes Cajus
Medirus noftro tempore Gonevilli & Caii
Collegium ; Henricus VI. Rex A^ngliae, Col-
legium Rcgium, Anno Chrifti 1441, cui Sa-
cellum adjunxit, quod inter pulcherrima orbis
sedificia fuo jure locum fibi vendicat, habens
ad latus dextrum Bibliothecam infignem, in
qua librum Pfalmorum in membranii fcriptum,
quatuor fpithamas longum, & tres latum vi-
dimus, Hifpanis in oppugnatione Gadium
ereptum, 5z inter alia opima fpolia in Ang-
liam deportaturn. Margaretha Andegavcnfis

ejus



HENTZNER's Travels. 57

The firfl College, called Peter-Houfe, was
built and endowed by Hugh Balfam, Bifhop
of Ely, A. D. 1280; and in imitation of
him, Richard Badew, with the afliftance of
Elizabeth Burk Countefs of Clare and Ul-
fter founded Clare-Hall, in 1326; Mary
de St, Paul Countefs of Pembroke, Pem-
broke-Hall, in 1343 ; the Monks of Corpus
Chrifti, the College of the fame Name,
though it has befides that of Bennet ; John
Craudene, Trinity-Hall, 1354; Edmond
Gonville in 1348, and John Caius, a Phyfi-
cian in our times, Gonville and Caius Col-
lege ; King Henry VI. King's College, in
1441 5 adding to it a Chapel, that may juftly
claim a place among the moft beautiful build-
ings in the world ; on it's right fide is a fine
Library, where we faw the Book of Pfalms
in manufcript upon parchment, four fpans
in length, and three broad, taken from the
Spaniards at the fiege of Cadiz, and thence
brought into England with other rich fpoils.
Margaret of Arijou, his wife, founded
Queen's College, 1448, at the fame time that
R John



5? HENTZNERI IriNERAHmM,

ejus uxor. Anno Chriftj 1448, CollegluKi
Reginale ; eodemque tempore Joannes Al-^
cockus, Ephfcopus Eljenfis, Collegium Jefu ;
Robertus Woodlacke, Anno Chrifti- 1459,
S. Catherinae Aulatn ; Margaretha Rkhmun-
dia, Henrici VII. Anglic-e regis mater,
Ghrifti and S. Joannis Collegia, circker An-
num Chrifti 1 506 ; Thomas Avvdley, Ang-
liae Cancellarius,. Collegium Magdalenae^ quod
clariiUmus vir Dn. Chriftopher Wrey, fiim-
ttius Angliae Juftitiarius, & redificiis & poflef-
fionibus adauxit ; et potent iflimus rex Henrf-
cus VIII. S. Trinkatis Collegium, Anna
Sal utis 1546, religioni & feonrs Ikeris exaedi-
ficavit, in cujus Sacello Withackeri Theologi
epitaphium eft, aureis literis marmori infcrip-
tum ; Collegium Emanuells, quod bonis ftu-
diis honoratiflimus & prudentiffimus vir, Dn..
Gualterus Mildmajus Eques Auratus,, &regiac
Majeftati ab intimis confiliis noftra aetate ex-
ftruxit : Et Collegium Seidnei, quod novum.
Seidncius Eques Auratus nunc molitur.

Notandum hie, quod in Anglia quaedam.
eft Se6la, quse Puritanorum vocatur : Hi

ex



HENTZNER's Travels. 5$

John Alcock, Bifhop of Ely, built Jefus
College ; Robert Woodlarke, Catherine-
Hall, 1456 ; Margaret of Richmond, mo-
ther of king Henry VII. Chrift's and St.
John's Colleges, about 1506 ; Thomas Aud-
ley. Chancellor of England, Magdalen
College, much encreafed fince both in build-
ings and revenue by Chriftopher Wray,
Lord Chief Juftice ; and the moft potent
king Henry VIIL ere<Sed IVinity College
for religion and polite letters ; in it's Chapel
is the tomb of Dr. Whitacre, w^ith an infcrip-
tion in gold letters upon marble; Emanuel
College built in our own times by the moft
honourable and prudent Sir Walter Mild-
may, one of her Majefty's Privy Council :
And laftly, Sidney College, now firft build-
ing by the executors of the Lady * Frances
Sidney Countefs of Suflex.

We muft note here, that there is a certain
Sc6l in England, called Puritans : Thefe,

* She was the Daughter^ Stjier and Aunt^
of thofe eminent Knights^ Sir William^ Sir
Henry ^ and Sir Philip Sidney.

R 2 according



59 HENTZNERI Itinf.rarium.

ex opinione Ecclefiae Genevenfis omnes fefc
caeremonias ab antiquis ufurpatas, organa
item & epitaphia e templis ejiciunt, difparita-
tem officlorum inter ecclefiafticos, ut funt
Epifcopatus, Abbatiae, isfc, tollunt, & ejuf-
cemodi dignitates omnino refpuunt, hoc no-
mine primum appellati a Jefuita Sandcs. Non
vivunt ifti feorfum, fed reliquis hinc inde in
CoHegiis fuht immifti.

BoTTON, pagus,

Amtheil, vicus ; hic infinitam iDultitu-
dinem cuniculorum vidimus, qui loco Icporum
habentur, & faporis funt optimi.

Obern, Leitten, Elsberg, & Wet-
LEFF, vicos tranfivimus.

OxoNiUM, vulgo OxENFORD, Athcnae
Anglicje nobilifTimae, literarum & fapicntias
clarifnma officina, unde religio, humanitas,
& doclrina in omnes regni partes uberrimc
diftribuuntur : Oppidum egrcgium tSc nitidum

eft.



HENTZNER's Travels. 59

according to the dodlrine of the Church of
Geneva, rejecl all ceremonies antiently held,
and admit of neither organs nor tom.bs in
their places of worfliip, and entirely abhor all
difference in rank among churchmen, fuch
as Bifhops, Deans, ^c. they were firft
named Puritans by the Jefuit Sandys. They
do not live feperate, but mix with thofe of
the Church of England in the Colleges.

Pot TON, a village.

Ampthill, a town ; here we faw im-
menfe numbers of rabbits, which are rec-
koned as good as hares, and are very well
taftcd.

We pafled through the towns of Woburn,
Leighton, Ailesbury, and Wheatley^

OxoNiUM, Oxford, the famed Athens
of England ; that glorious feminary of learn-
ing and wifdom, whence religion, politenefs,
and letters, are abundantly difperfed into all
parts of the kingdom : The town is remark-
ably fine, whether you confider the elegance

of



to HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

eft five privatorum asdificiorum elegantiam,
five publicorum dignitatem, five fitus falubri-
tatem & amoenitatem fpe61:es ; planitiem enim
ita obvallant nemorofi colics, ut hinc peftilen-
ti Auftro, illinc tempeftuoro Zephyro exclufo,
tantum ferenantem Eurum & Aquilonem cor-
ruptionis vindicem admittant, unde ab hoc
fitu Bellositum quondam diftum fuifle
produnt nonnulli. Alluunt hoc oppidum
duo fluvii Chenvel, & Ifis, vulgo Oufe, qui
licet in unum alveum aquas confocient, Ids
tamen folidus & concitatior in Auftrum fertur,
^ nomen retinet, donee fluvium Tamam
quern diu qua^fierat inveniat, & ad vicum
WallengdorfF in fe recipiat, unde poftea
fluviorum Britannicorum regnator compo-
fito vocabulo Thamefis appellatur, de quo
non immerito dicere liceat, eum & ferere Bri-
tanniam & rigare, quod de Euphrate in oriente
dixcrunt veteres.

Ca?terum Collegia in hac celebri univerfi-
tatc haec funt :

Henrico



HENTZNER's Travels. 6o

of it's private buildings, the magnificence of
it's public ones, or the beauty and v/holefome-
nefs of it's fituation ; w^hich is on a plain,
encompafled in fuch a manner with hills
fhaded v^^ith wood, as to be fheltered on the
one hand from the fickly South, and on the
other from the bluftering Weft, but 'open to
the Eaft that blows ferene weather, and to
the North the preventer of corruption ; from
which in the opinion of fome it formerly
obtained the appellation of Bellositum.
This town is watered by two rivers, the
Cherwell, and the Ifis, vulgarly called the
Oufe ; and though thefe ftreams join in the
fame channel, yet the Ifis runs more entire,
and with more rapidity towards the Souths
retaining it's name, till it meets the Thame,
which it feems long to have fought, at Wal-
lingford, thence called by the compound name
of Thames, it flows the prince of all Britifh
rivers ; of whom we may juftly fay, as the
antients did of the Euphrates, That it both-
fows and waters England.

The Colleges in this famous Univcrfity arc
as follov/s ; In.



6i HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Henrico III. Anglorum rege adhuc reg-
nante Gualterus Merton Epifcopus Roffenfis
Gollegium quod in agro Surrienfi pofuerat An-
no Chrifti 1274 ; Oxonium tranftulit, locu-
pletavit, & Mertonenfe Collegium dixit ;
ftatimque Gulielmus Archidiaconus Dunel-
menfis, opus illud Alfredi, quod Univerfitatis
nunc vocant Collegium, novis operlbus ref-
tauravit ; Edvvardi I. Angliae rege regnante,
Joannes Belliolus rex Scotiae, vel ut alii vo-
lunt ejus parentes, Belliolenfe Collegium fun-
darunt; fub Edvvardo TI. Anglorum rege
Gualterus Stepletonus Epifcopus Exonienfis,
Exonienfe Collegium, Aulamque Cervinam ;
& ipfe Rex hunc imitatus. Collegium Re-
gium, vulgo Orial, & Aulam S. Marian po-
f'uit ; poftea Philippa regina, Edvvardi III,
Angliae regis uxor, Collegium Reginse, five
Reginale, ut vocant ; et Simon Iflep, Archi-
Epifcopus Cantuarienfis, Cantuarienfe Colle-
gium extruxit ; Gulielmus Wiccamus Epif-
copus Wintonienfis Collegium magnificum,
quod Novum dicitur, excitavit ; Collegium
Marine Magdalenac Gulielmus Wainflcttus

Epifcopus



HENTZNER's Travels. 6i



In the reign of Henry III. Walter Merton
Bifhop of Rochefter removed the College
he had founded in Surry, 1274, to Oxford,
enriched it, and named it Merton College ;
iind foon after William Arch-deacon of Dur^
ham reftored v\^ith additions that building of
Alfred's, now called Univerfity College ; in
the reign of Edward I. John Baliol king of
Scotland, or as fome will have it his Parents,
founded Baliol College ; in the reign of Ed-
ward 11. Walter Stapleton Bifhop of Exeter
founded Exeter College, and Hart-hall ; and
in imitation of him, the King, King's Col-
lege, commonly called Oriel, and St. Mary's
Hall 5 next Philippa, wife of Edward III.
built Queen's College ; and Simon Iflip
Arch-bifhop of Canterbury', Canterbury
College ; William Wickham Bifhop of
Winchefter raifed that magnificent Struc-
ture called New College ; Magdalen College
was built by William Wainfiet Bifhop of
S Winchefter,



62 HENTZNERI Itinerarium,

Epifcopus Wintonlenfis erexit, quod opere
eximkim, fitu percommodum, & ambulacris
admodum amcenum eft ; eodemque tempore
Humfredus Dux Gloceftriae bonarum Ikera-
rum admirator rrraxrmus, fcholam Theologi-
carti magnifice extruxit, & in ejus iuperiorf
parte Bibllothecam inftituit, centumque viginti
novem feleiSfciilimis libris, quos magnis impen-
fis ex Italia comparavit, exornavit, fed hos
quorundam privata avaritia publico ufui jam-
pridem invldit : Collegium Lincolnienfe ;. Col-
legium omnium animarum ; Collegium D.
Bernhardi ; Collegium -^nei Nafi a Gulrelmo
Smith Epifcopo Lincotnienfi, regnante Flenri-
co VII. Anglorum rege, conditum, Sc ab
Alexandre Novvello S. Pauli Londini Decano
proventibus au»5lum ; fupra portam hujus Col-
legii ^neus Nafus eft affixus ; Collegium
'Corporis Chrifti a Richardo Fox Epifcopo
Wintonrenfi aedificatum, fub cujus effigie in
Sacello Collegii hi legunturverficuli :

Clarus Wintoniae Praeful cognomine Foxus,
Qiii prius hoc olini nobile ftruxit opus.

Talis erat forma, talis dum vixit ami6l:u,
Qualcm fpedanti picla tabella refert.



HENTZNER's Travels. 62

Winchefter, a noble edifice, finely fituated,
and delightful for it's walks : At the fame
time Humphrey Duke of Gloucefter, that
great encourager of Learning, built the Di-
vinity School very fplcndidly, and over it a
Uribrary, to which he gave an hundred and
twenty-nine very choice books, purchafed at
a great price from Italy, but the public has
long fince been robbed of the ufe of them
by the avarice of particulars : Lincoln Col-
lege ; All-Souls College ; St. Bernard's Col-
lege; Brazen-Nofe College, founded by
William Smith, Bifhop of Lincoln, in the
reign of Henry VIL it's revenues were aug-^
mented by Alexander Nowell, Dean of St,
Paul's, London ; upon the gate of this Coir
lege is fixed a Nofe of brafs: Corpus Chrifti
College built by Richard Fox Bifhop of
Winchefler, under his picSure in the College
Chapel are lines importing that it is the exadj:
reprcfentation of his perfon and drefs^



S? Chrifl's



63 HENTZNERI Itinerarium,

Collegium QirifH Thomas Wolfaeus,
Cardinalis Eboracenfis, ubi Fridefwidae Mo-
nafterium erat, omnium ampliffimum &
elegantiflimum inchoavit, quod Henricus
VIII. Angliae rex, adiun(So Cantuarienfi
Collegio, magnis redditibus ditavit, Sc ^dem
Chrifli dixit : PotentiiTimufque item princeps
pecuni^ e fuo serario dcpromta, ad oppidi
dignitatem Epifcopum & ad Academiae oraa-
mentum publicos Profcflbrey iiiftituit.

Collegium Jefa ab Hugone Prlfo, Legum
Do^lOI'c, exaedificatum.

Maria etiam Rcgina Publicas Scholas belle
a fundamentis aedificavit, et variis infcriptioni-
bus decoravit.

Ha61-enus de Collegiis & Aulis, quae ele-
ganti ftru6tura, opimis redditibus, & inftruc-
tis Bibliothecis ita florent, ut reliquas or bis
Chriftiani Academias fuperent omnes. Nunc
^e. perfonis Academicii) ibi viveiitibus pauca

lubjicienda.

Studfofi



HENTZNER's Travels. 63

Chrift's Church, the largeft and moft
elegant of them all, was begun on the ground
of St. Fridefwide's Monaftery by Thomas
Wolfey Cardinal of York ; to which Henry
VIII. joined Canterbury College, fettled


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