Paul Hentzner.

A journey into England online

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here are particularly good. It has mines of
gold, filver, and tin, (of which all manner o£
table utenfils are made, in brightnefs equal to
filver, and ufed all over Europe) of lead, and
of iron, but not much of the latter : The
horfes are fmall but fwift : Glafs-houfes arc iji
plenty here.


88 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.


Sunt Angli graves ut Germani, magnifici
domi forifque, magna aflecSlantium famulorum
agmina fecum trahunt, quibus in finiftro brav
chio fcuta ex argento facSla appendant, & non
immerito vexaritur, illos caudas a tergo ha-
bere : In faltationibus & arte mufica excellunt ;
funt enim agiles & alacres, licet crafTiores cor-
poribus quam Galli ; mediam capitis partem
capillos detondent, utroque latere illaefo ; funt
boni nautae & infignes pyratae, aftuti, fallaces,
iz furaces ; Londini fmgulis annis, ultra 3^0,
iicuti vulgo fcrtur, fufpcnduntur ; decapitatio
minoris apud ipfos eft infamiae, quam ftrangu-
latio ; ire prope murum honoratior els locus ;
frequens falconum & accipitrum apud nobi-
les in venationibus ufus ; in edendo civiliores
Gallis, parcius utuntur pane, carnibus verp
largius, quas optime aflant ; in potum copiosq
immittunt faccarum; tegumenta le£lorum
funt tapctia, etiam apud rufticos ; laborant


HENTZNER's Travels.

Of the Manners ^/ //^^ ENGLISH.

The Englifh are ferious like the Germans,
lovers of ihew ; liking to be followed where-
ever they go by whole troops of fervants,
who wear their mafters arms in filver, faftened
to their left arms, a ridicule they defervedly
lay under : They excell in dancing and mufic,
for they are a^live and lively, though of a
thicker make than the French ; they cut their
hair clofe on the middle of the head, letting
it grow on either fide ; they are good failors,
and better pyrates, cunning, treacherous, and
thievifh; above 30® are faid to be hanged
annually at London ; beheading with them
is lefs infamous than hanging ; they give the
wall as the place of honour ; hawking is the
general fport of the gentry ; they are more
polite in eating than the French, devouring
lefs bread, but more meat, which they roaft
in perfection ; they put a great deal of fugar
in their drink ; their beds are covered wuth
tapeftry, even thofe of farmers \ they are often


89 HENTZNEHI Itikerarium.

frequenter lepra, alba vulgo dicSla, quam pri-
mi; Normannorum temporibus in An2:]iam
irrepfilTe, fama eft ; in sedibus duas plaerun-
que conti<^nationes habent, excepto Londino,
iibi tres raro quatuor reperiuntur ; sedificant
ex ligno, vcl, qui lautioris funt fortunae,
ex coclis lateribus, tedia habent dcprelTiora,
qua:*, ditiores pi umbo tegunt.

Sunt potcntes in praeliis, undiquaque de-
bellant adverfarios, nullumque penitus patiun-
tur jugum fervitutis ; dele6lantur quoque vzldh
ibnitibus, qui ipfis aures implent, uti explo-
fionibus tormentorum, tympanis & campana-
rum boat.!, ita iit Londini multi qui fe in-
cbriavcrint turrem unam aut alteram, exer-
dtii caufa, afcendant, & per boras aliquot
campanis fignum dent. Si quern exterum,
egregid forma Si ftatura ornatum vident, do-
lore dicunt, ^4od non fit homo Anglicus,
vulgo Englishman.


HENTZNER's Travels. 89

molefted with the {curvy, faid to have £rft
crept into Englajld with^ the Noritian con-
quefl ; their houfes are commonly of two
ftories, except in London, where they are of
three and four, though but feldom of four ;
they arc built of Wood, thofe of the richer
fort with bricks, their roofs are low^, and
where the owner has money, covered with

They are powerful in the field, fuccefsful
againft their enemies, impatient of any thing
like flavery; vadly fond of great noifes that
fill the ear, fuch as the firing of cannon^
drums, and the ringing of bells, fo that it Is
common for a number of them, that have
got a glafs in their heads, to go up into fome
belfry, and ring the bells for hours together,
for the fake of exercife. If they fee a foreigner,
very -well made or particularly ijandforae,
they will fay, It is a pity he is ?iot an Ekg-


B b Thel

90 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

F A M I L I ^


A N G L I A.

^ ^ ^-r^ H O M A S Howard, Dux Norfol-
A ciae, & Comes Surriae, haeredita-
rius Marefchallus Angliae ; Ducatus defit ob
perduellionem, ille capite 'auncAtus.

t Gray Dux SufFulciae, fublatus titulo fub

t Phil. Howard, Comes Arundel, jure ma-
terno, & Surriae paterno, filius fuperioris
Ducis Norfolciae, damnatus laefse majeftati$
& amifit dignitates.

Edwardus Vere, Comes Oxonii, eft haere-
ditarius Camerarius Angliae.

* ^a defterunt f notavu


HENTZNER's Travei.s. 90
The Illustrious


*^npHOMAS Howard, Duke of
A Norfolk, hereditary Marflial of
England ; the Dutchy is extinft for rebel-
ii6h, the laft Duke being beheaded.

t Grey Duke of Suffolk, attainted under
queen Mary.

f Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel, in hi«
Mother's right, and of Surry by his Father,
Son of the above-mentioned Duke of Nor-
folk, he himfelf condemned for high-treafon,
and his titles forfeited.

Edward Vere, Earl of Oxford, hereditary
Chamberlain of England,

* Thofe marked with a f are extin^i^ or

B b 2 Percy

91 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Percy Conies Northumbriae, ortus a Du-
cibus Brabantias.

t Carolus Nevill, Comes Weftmerland,
exulat in Belgio, bonis & dignitate exutus ob
rebel lionem.

Talbott Comes Salopiae Anglicc, Shrerofbury,

Gi'ay Comes Cantii, exiguos habet reditus.

S lanley Gomes Derbije, & Regulus Mauaia?.

Mannors Comes Rutlandiae^

Somerfet Comes Worceflri je, ortus a fpurio
Sommerf : familrce, quae fiirps eft e regid
PI an tag in a tor um familid.

ClifFord Comes Cumberland.

Ratciiff Comes Safiexice.

Haftingus Comes Huntington, e familia
Eboracenfi per foeminam.

Bourchier Comes Bath.
« t Ambrcfms Sutton, alias Dudley, Comes
V/arvvici, obiit fine prole ante aliquot annos.


HENTZNER's Travels. 91

Percy Earl of Northumberland, defcended
from the Dukes of Brabant.

t Charles Ncvill Earl of Weftmoreland,
ban idled into Holland, and deprived of his
fortunes and dignities for rebellion.

Talbot Earl of Shrewfbury.

Grey Earl of Kent, has but a fmall eftate.

Stanley Earl of Derby, and King of Man.

Maimers Earl of Rutland.

Somcrfet Earl of Worcefter, defcended
from a baftard of the Somerfet famib', which
itfelf is of the royal family of the Plantagenets.

CliiFord Earl of Cumberland.
RatclifF Earl of Sufl'ex.

Haftings Earl of Huntingdon, of the line
of York, by the Mother's fide.

Bourchier Earl of Bath,
t Ambrofe Sutton, alias Dudley, Earl of
Warwick, died a few years fuice childlefs.


gx HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Wriotheily Comes Southampton.

Ruffel Comes Bedford.

Herbert Comes Pembroke.

t Edward us Seymour, Comes Hertford,
filius Duels Sommerfetti capite muldati fub
Edwardo VI.

t Robertus Sutton, vel Dudley, Comes
Leyceftriae, frater Warwicenfis, obiit ante
aliquot annos.

Robertus 4' Euvreux, Comes Effexius, &
Effuanus in Normandia, creatus hxreditarius
Marefchallus Angliae, 1598.

Carolus Howard, e familia Ducum Nor-
folciae, creatus Comes Notthingam 1597,
Anglise Ammiralleus, & Confdiarius Regius,

Fiefnes Comes Lincolnix.

Broune Vicecorncs Montlfacuti.

Howard, e familia Ducum Norfolciae, Vice-
comes Bindon.


HENTZNER's Travels. 92

Wriothefly Earl of Southampton.

Ruffel Earl of Bedford.

Herbert Earl of Pembroke.

t Edward Seymour Earl of Hertford,
Son of the Duke of Somerfet, who was be-
headed in the reio-n of Edward VI.


t Robert Sutton, or Dudley, Earl of
Leicefter, Brother of the Earl of Warwick^
died a few years ago,

Robert d' Evereux Earl of Eflex, and of
Ewe in Normandy, created hereditary Marfhal
of England, in 1598.

Charles Howard, of the Norfolk family,
created Earl of Nottingham 1597^ Lord
High Admiral of England, and privy Coun-

Fiefnes Earl of Lincoln.

Brown Vifcount Montacute.

Howard, of the Norfolk family, Vifcount




Nevill Aburgavcny Baro ; dc hac Biircnia
jam controvertitur.

Touchet Baro Audley,

Zouch Baro Zouch.

Peregrinus Berty, Baro Willoughby de
Erfby & Beake, PrsefeJlus Berv» ok.

Barckley Baro Barckley, ex antiqua fami-
lia regum Danias.

Parckcr Baro Marley.

t Dacre Baro Dacre de Gyllefland, va-
cat b?ec Baronia.

t Baro Dacre ad Aiiftrum, obi it ante
quatuor annos, Baronia ad filiam pervenit.

Brofze Baro Cobham, Guardianus quinquc

Stafford Baro Stafford, ad inopiam redaftus,
hreres eft familiae Ducum Buckingbamei ; qui
ha?reditarii crant Conneftabilcs Angliae.

Gr^j Baro Gray, de Wilton.


HENTZIsPER's Travels.. 93

Nevill Baron Abergavenny ; this Barony
is controverted.

Touchet Baron Audley.

Zouch Baron Zouch*

Peregrine Bertie Baron Willoughby of
Erefby and Brooke, Governor of Berwick.

Berkley Baron Berkley, of the antient fa-
mily of the kings of Denmark.

Parker Baron Morley.
t Dacre Baron Dacre of Gyllelland, this
Barony is vacant.

t Dacre Baron Dacre of the South, he
died four years fince, and the Barony devol-
ved to his daughter.

Brook Baron Cobham, Warden of the

StaiFord Baron Stafford, reduced to want, he
is heir to the family of the Dukes of Bucking-
ham, who were hereditary Conftables of Eng-

Gray Baron Gray of Wilton.

C c Scroop

94 HENTNERI Itinerarium.

Sorwpe Baro Sorwpe de Boulton.

Subton Baro Dudley.

Sturton Baro Stufton.

t Nevill Baro Latimer, obiit ante aliquot
annos fine niafculis hxredibus, de Baronii

Lumley Baro Lumley.

Blunt Baro Montjoy.

Ogle Baro Ogle.

Darcy Baro Darcy.

Parcker Baro Mountegele, filius & hacrcs
Baronis Morley, banc Baroniam habet jure
matris e familla Stanley.

Sandes Buro Sandes.

Vaux Baro Vaux.

Windfor Baro Windfor.

Wentworth Baro Wentworth.


HENTZNER's Travels. 94.

Scroop Baron Scroop of Boulton,

Sutton Baron Dudley.

Stourton Baron Stourton.

t Nevill Baron Latimer, died fome years
fince without heirs male, the title contro-

Lumley Baron Lumley.

Blunt Baron Montjoy.

Ogle Baron Ogle.

Darcy Baron Darcy.

Parker Baron Montegle, fon and heir of
Baron Morley, he has this Barony in right of
his mother, of the family of Stanley.

Sandys Baron Sandys.

Vaux Baron Vaux.

Windfor Baron Windfon

Wentworth Baron Wentworth.

C c 2 Borouga


EcroiighBaro Borough, ad inopiam redacSus.

Baro Mordant. Baro Evers*

Bare Rich. Baro Sheffield.

Baro North, Confiliarius regius 5c Thefau-
rarius hofpirii rcgii.

Baro Hundfdon, Confiliarius regius & Cu-
bicularius hofpicii regii.

Sackvill Baro Buckhurft, Confiliarius re-

Tho. Cecil Baro Burghley, filius Thefau-
rarii Anglise.

Cecil Baro Rofle, Burghley e filio nepos
Thefaurarii pronepos ; adhuc puer habet Ba-
roniam jure matris, filiae Comitis Rutlandiae.

f Howard de Matravcrs, filius Comitis
Arundel, adhuc natal ib as non rcftituitur*

t Baro Cheyny.

Baro Crqmv/el. Baro Wharton.


HENTZNER's Travels. gy
Borough Baron Borough, reduced to want.
Baron Mordaunt. Baron Eure.
Baron Rich. Baron Sheffield.

Baron North, privy Counfellor, and Trea-
furer of the Houfliold.

Baron Hunfdon, privy Counfellor, and
Lord Chamberlain.

Sackville Baron Buckhurft, privy Coun-

Thomas Cecil Baron Burleigh, fon of the

Cecil Lord Roos, grandfon of the Trea-
furer, yet a child ; he holds the Barony in
right of his mother, daughter to the Earl
of Rutland.

t Howard of Maltravers, fon of the Earl
of Arundel, not yet reftored in blood.

f Baron Cheyny.

Baron Cromwell. Baron Wharton.


96 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Baro Willoughby de Parham.

t Baro Pagett, cxulat dignitate exutus.

Baro Chandois. Earo St. John,

Baro Delaware, ipfius majores caeperunt
fegem GallivC.

Baro, Compton, pene omnia diflipavlt.
Baro Norris.

Tho. Howard, filius fecundo genitus Ducis
Norfolcii, Baro Audley de SafFronwalden, jure

f Gulielmus, tertlus Norfolcii filius ne-
-que Baro eft, neque adhuc natalibus refti-

HaSfenus de FamtUls Ulujiribus.

Navigio Thamefl fecundo Londino dif-
ccfTimus & Greenwiciam, arcem regiam,
^ dextra reliquimus, de qua fupra.


. HENTZNER's TriAVEiJs. g&

Baron Willoughby of Parham.

t Baron Pagett, in exile, attainted.

Baron Chandois. Baron St. John. '

Baron Delaware, his anceftors took the king
of France prifoner*

Baron Compton, has fquandered almoft all
his fubflance.

Baron Norris.

Thomas Howard, fecond fon of the Duke
of Norfolk, Baron Audley of Saffronwalden,
in his mother's right.

t William, third fon of the Duke of Nor-
folk, is neither a Baron, nor yet reftored in


Thus far of noble Families.

We fet out from London in a boat, and
fell down the river, leaving Greenwich^
which we have fpoken of before, on the right


§6 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.
Barcking, vicus a finiftra conrpectus. '

GravesendA, Anglins oppidulum portu
commodo celebre, ad quod maximae naves ex
Belgio appellere folent. Hinc cum poftridie
cymba prcgrederemur ulterius, prius nobllifs,
Davidi Strzielae Boemo, & Thobise Salandro
inrpe6Lori ipfius, noftris per Galliam & An-
liam comitlbus iridivifis, qui per Belgium in
patriam redire cogitabant, ultimum vale dixi-
mus, nobis rurfum in Galliam contendentibus -,
Deus autem ter maximus voluntati ipforum
rcfiirit ; nam adhuc pr^efentibus nobis, opti-
mum Strzielam diarrhaea correptum, paucis
pCiL difccfium noftruni diebus, uti ex literis
Sal and ri poftea perccpimus, Londini febris ar^
dens extinxit.

QiJiNCiCBURG, Caftcllum a dextra vidi-
mus ; inde cum paulo ulterius cffcmus pro-
grefii, oftrea in ipfo mari in noftro confpeftu
capiebantur, qux alibi non delicatiora nee
^plura, tefte Grtelio in Epitome theatri orbis
terrarum in Anglia.


HENTZNER's Travels. 97

Barking, a town in fight on the left.

Gravesend, a fmall town, famous for
the convenience of it's port, the largeft Dutch
(hips ufually call here. As we were to pro-
ceed farther from hence by water, w^e took
our laft leave here of the noble Bohemian
David Strziela, and his tutor Tobias Salan-
der, our conftant fellow-travellers through
France and England, they defigning to re-
turn home through Holland, we on a fecond
tour into France ; but it pleafed Heaven to
put a flop to their defign, for the worthy
Str/iela was feized with a diarrhea a few days
before our departure, and as we afterwards
learned by letters from Salander, died in a few
days, of a violent fever in London.

QuEENBOROUGH; we left theCaflle on

.ourright ^ a little farther we faw the Miing

of oyfters out of the fea, which are no where

in greater plenty or perfection j witnefs

Ortelius in his Epitome, &c*

D d . Whitstable,


WiTZSTEFFEL, pagus, hic Jiavi egreffi-

Cantuarium, ubi fedes Archlepifcopi &
Primatis Angliae eft, oppidiim pervetuftum,
Romancx]ue ibeculo procul dubio illuftre,
quod alias etiam Canttjaria, vulgo Can*-
TERBURY dicitur, pedkes venimus.

Duo funt hic Monafteria pene contigua^
Chrifti fcilicet, & D. Auguftini, utrumque
aliquando Monachis ordiRi$ D. Eenedicli re-
pletum ; quorum alterum, Chrifti nomine
obliterato, temporibus fubfequentibus D.
Thomae dedicatum eft, fitum quafi in medio
oppidi fmu, & tanta majeftate cum duabus
ingentibus turribus in coelum fe erigens, ut
procul etiam intuentibus, quemadmodum Eras-
mus inquit, religioncm incutiat.

In Choro templi iftius, cujus ingreffum Can-
celli ferrei prohibent, monumenta videntur
fequentia :

Henrici IV. regis Anglic, cum uxorc fud
Navarrsea, ex marmore candido.


HENTZNER's Travkls, '9^

Whits TABLE, here we went afhore,

Canterbury, we came to it on foot;
this is the feat of the Archbifhop, Primate
of all England, a very antient town, and
without doubt of note in the time of th^

Here are two Monafteries almoft contigu-
ous, namely of Chrift and St. Auguftine,
both of them once filled with BenedicSHne
Monks ; the former was afterwards dedicated
to St. Thomas Becket, the name of Chrift
being obliterated ; it ftands almoft in the
middle of the town, and with fo much majefty
lifts itfelf, and it's two towers, to a ftupen-
dous height, that, as Erafmus fays, it ftrikes
even tliofe, who only fee it at a diftance, with

In the Choir, which is fhut up with iron
rails, are the following monuments :

King Henry IV. with his wife Joan of
Navarre, of white marble.

D d ^ Nicholas

99 KENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Nicolai Woltonis, qui fuit Confiliarius
Henrici VIII. Edward VI. Marise & Elifa-
beth2e, Anglias regum & reginarum.

Edwardi Prrncipis quondam tertii in Aqui-
tania, Ducis de Cornewolle & Comitis

Reginaldi Poli, cum hac infcriptione :
Depofitum Reginaldi Poli, Cardinalis &
Archiepifcopi Cantuarienfis.

Cardinalis Chaftillon.

Sellam deinde vidimus in quam coUocari
fdlent Epifcopi, quando inveftiuntur. In vefti-
bulo Tcmpli, quod eft ad Auflrum, in faxum
incifi funt trcs armati, qui Thomam Becket-
tum, Archiepifcopum Cantuarienfeni, ob mar-
tyrium inter Divos relatum, trucidarunt, ad-
ditis his cognominibus,

Tusci. Fusci. Berri.


HENTZNER's Travels. 99

Nicholas Wootton, privy Counfellor to
Henry VIII. Edward VI. Mary and Eli'^a-:
hcth, kings and queens of England.

Of Prince Edward, Duke of Aquitain and
Cornv/all, and Earl of Cheftcr.

Reginald Pole, with this infcription :
The remains of Reginald Pole, Cardinal
and Archbifliop of Canterbury.

Cardinal Chatillon.

We were then fhewn the chair in which
the Bifhops are placed, when they are inftalled.
In the veftibule of the church, on the South
fide, ftand the ftatues of three men armed,
cut in ftone, who flew Thomas Beckct Arch-
bifliop of Canterbury, made a Saint for this
martyrdom ; their names are adjoined,
J Tusci. Fuse I. Berri.

X This is another moji Inaccurate account : Ths

murderers of Beckct zvere^ Tracy, Morville,

Britton and Fitzurfe.


loo HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

Hie cum ambulando defefii, nos pane &
cerevifia aliquantulum refeciiTemus, poftea
flatim equos curforios confcendimus, & fecun-
dd aut tertia no<Stis hcra, in oppidum Dubrim,
vulgo Dover, venimus. In via, qu3e fatis
erat afpera & periculofa, tale quid nobis ac-
cidit : Dux viae, vulgo poftillon, adolefcens,
ad globuli fclopetarii i£lum, cum duobus ex
noftris comitibus praeceflerat ; nos tardius in-
fcqucndo focios noftros in tenebris e confpeftu
noftro amittimus ; repcriinus poftea bivium ;
ad dextram locus crat declivis & paluftris ^
ad finiftram colliculus ; hie dum dubii, utra
harum viarum eligcnda fit, confultamus, ecce
derepente vidcmus a dextro latere equites quof-
(lam, noftris quoad equos, quoad veftitum &
ftaturam corporis omniho fimiles ; qua propter
Ir^tabundi illos fequl ftatulmus ; fed accidit,
ut ifti, Deo ita nos protegente, nobis incla-
mantibus liihil refponderent, fed viam fuam
paluftrem pcrfequerentur adeo ftrenue, ut
fmgulus pedum pofitus, & i6lus multas comi-
tarentur ftammae igneae 3 quae res non imme-
^-:^\<^ fufpicionem movif de latronibus^


HENTZNER's Travels. ioo

Being tired with walking, we refrefhed our-
felves here with a mouthful of bread, and
fome ale, and immediately mounted poft-
horfes, and arrived about two or three o'clock
in the morning at Dover. In our way to it,
which was rough and dangerous enough, the
following accident happened to us : Our
guide, or pofl:ilion, a youth, was before with
two of our company, about the diftance of a
mufket-fhot, we by not following quick
enough, had loft fight of our friends ; we
came afterwards to where the road divided, on
the right it was down hill, and marfhy, on
the left was a fmall hill; whil ft we flopped
here in doubt, and confulted which of the
roads we fhould take, we faw all on a fudden
on our right-hand fome horfemen, their ftature,
drefs and horfes, exa6i:ly refembling thofe of
our friends, glad of having found them again,
we determined to fct on after them ; but it
happened through God's mercy, that though.
we called to them, they did not anfwer us, but
Iccpt on down the marfhy road, at fuch a rate,



dc qiiibus eramus admoniti, vel de fpeftris
iio£turnis potlus, quae, ficuti poftea nobis
quoque relatum eft, in iftis locis folcnt efle
frequentia ; accedebant ignes fatui magno nu-
mero, ita ut horrore vel ftupore quodammodo
concuterenlur ; verum faiSlum eft, ut pauIo
paft viae dux cornu fignum daret, quo indicio,
nos ad finiftram convertimus, & fie ad comites
noftros falvi pervenimus ; qui a nobis inter-
rogati, num obvios habuillent iftos, quos vi-
dcramus, equites ; r^fponderunt, fe neminem
vidifle ; variae deinceps hac de re, ut fieri folet,
latae funt fententias ; quicquid autem fit, cer-
tum profetfto nobis imminebat periculum, a
quo, quod fimus liberati, foli Deo tribuendum
& afcribcndum eft.

Porro Dubris Angliae oppidum, quod inter
cautes confidet (ubi portus ipfe oliin fuit, cum
marc fc infinuaret, uti ex anchoris, & navium
tabu! is erutis colligitur) portus opportunitate,
quae jam fere nulla eft, Sc in Galliam trajeclu
niagis cclebratur, quam fua vel elegantia
vel frequentia. Celeberrimus enim Sz bre-


HENTZNER's Travels. . lox

that their horfes feet ftruck fire at every ftretch,
which made us with reafon begin to fufpeiS:
they were thieves, having had warning of fuch,
or rather that they were nofturnal fpecSlres,
who as we were afterwards told, are
frequently (qcii m thofe places, there were
likewife a great many Jack-w'-a-Ianthorns,
fo that we were quite feized with horror and

amazement ! But fortunately for us,

our guide foon after founded his horn, and
we following the noift, turned down the left-
hand road, and arrived fafe to our comT>anIons,
who when we had afked them. If they had
not feen the horfemen who had gone by us ?
Anfv^ered, not a foul : Our opinions accord-
ing to cuftoni were various upon this matter ;
but whatever the thing was, we were without
doubt in imminent danger, from which that
we efcaped, the glory is to be afcribed to
God alone. *

Dover, fituated among cliffs, (ftanding
where the Port itfelf.was originally, as may
be gathered from Anchors, and parts of veflels
dug up there) is more famous for the con-

V .i E e veniencc

102 HENTZNERI Itinerarium.

viiTimus hie eft trajedus xxx, millium paflu-
um, qui fpatio quinque vel fex horarum, fecun*
do fpirante vento, poteft abfolvi, ficut nof-
mctipfi fumus expert! ; nutnerant hinc non-
nuili Caletum ufque ocSlbdecim, Boloniam
vero fcdecim milliaria Anglicana, quae Italicis
Jongiora dicit efie Ortelius, in fuo Theatre.

Templum habuit Martino facrum, a Viflre-
do Cantii rege fundatum, militum etiam
Templariorium aedes, quse jam difparuerunt,
ibdemque praebet Archiepifcopi Cantuarienfis
SufFraganeo; qui cum gravioribus Archiepif-
copus negotiis diftri<Scus fit, quae ordinis funt,
non quae jurifdiftionis Epifcopalis, gerit. E
colle feu potius rupe, quae a dextra omni ex
parte fere confragofa, in admirandam altitu-
dinem exurgit Caftellum ampliflimum, inftar
urbiculac, opere munitifrimum, & turribus fre-
quentiflimum, fubjedlo freto quodammodo
minatur : Clavem & repagulum Angliag yo-
cat Mathaeus Parifienfis ; vulgus hominum a
JuUo Caefare conftrudlum fomniati a Ro-


HENTZNER's Travels. 102

irenience of it's port, which indeed is now
much de ayed, and it's paflage to PVance,
than for either it's elegance, or populoufnefs ;
this paflage the mofl: ufed, and 'the fliortcll:,
is of thirty miles, which with a favourable
wind may be run over in five or fix hours,
time, as we ourfelves experienced ; fome
reckon it only eighteen to Calais, and to
Boulogne fixteen Englifh miles, which as
Ortelius fays in his Theatrum, are longer
thaii the Italian.

Here was a church dedicated to St. Martin,
by Vidlred king of Kent, and a houfe be-
longing to the Knigh|:s Templars ; of either
there are now no remains : It is the feat of a
Suffragan to the Archbifliop of Canterbur}'^,
who when the Archbifliop is employed upon
bufmefs of more confequence, manages the
ordinary affairs, but does not interfere with
the Archiepifcopal jurifdi6^ion. Upon a hill,
or rather rock, which on it's right fide is al-

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