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adopt this boy, for he had disinherited
his daughter. So then, at the font, the
queen names him Spencer, and when
she leaves the church, straightway re-
veals to Sir John that his godson is
his grandson, and deals so cunningly
with him that a reconciliation doth
ensue. Well, when she i*elated this
event, my lord said in a low voice, * Oh
madame, would it might please your
majesty for to place another child, now
at its mother's breast, a first-born one
also, in its father's arms ! and as by
your gracious dealing your highness



wrought a reconciliation between a €a^
ther and a daughter, so likewise now
to reunite a parted husband from a
wife which hath too long languishcMl
under your royal displeasure.' "

"What answered her grace?* I
asked.

"A few words, the sense of which I
could not catch," Mr. Mumford an-
swered ; " being placed so as to hear
my lord's speaking more convcnienrly
than her replies. He said again,
'The displeasure of a prince is a
heavy burden to bear.' And then,
methinks, some other talk was minis-
tered of a lighter sort. But be of good
heart. Mistress Sherwood; I cannot
but think our dear lady shall soon be
set at^ liberty."

Mr. Mumford's words were justi-
fied in a few days ; for, to my nn-
speakable joy, I heard Lady Arun-
del had been released by order of
the queen, and had return^ to Arun-
del Castle. It was her lord him-
self who brought me the good tid-
ings, and said he should travel
thither in three days, when his al^
sence from court should be less noted^
as then her majesty would be at Rich-
mond. He showed me a letter he
had received from his lady, the first
she had been able to write to him
for a whole year. She did therein
express her contentment, greater, she
said, than her pen could describe, at
the sight of the gray ivied walls, the
noble keep, her own chamber and its
familiar furniture, and mostly at the
thought of his soon coming ; and that
little Bess had so much sense alreai^,
that when she heard his name, noth-
ing would serve her but to be carried
to the window, ** whence, methiaks/*
the sweet lady said, ^ she doth see me
always looking toward the entrance*
gate, through which all ray joy will
speedily come to me. When, for to
cheat myself and her, I cry, * Hark
to my lord's horse crossing the bridge,'
she coos, so much as U> say she is
glad also, and stretcheth her arms
out, the pretty fool, as if to welcome
her unseen father, who, methioks^



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when lie doth come, will be no
stranger to her, so often doth she
kiss the picture which hangeth about
her mother^s neck."

But, alas! before the queen went
to Bichmond, she sent a command that
mj Lord Arundel should not go anj-
whither out of his house (so Mr. Mum-
fold informed me), but remain there
a prisoner ; and mj Lord Hunsdon,
who had been in former times his £9^
therms page, and now was his great
enemj, was given commission to ex-
amine him about his religion, and ako
touching Dr. Allen and the Queen of
Scots. Now was all the joy of Lady
Arundel's release at an end. Now
the sweet cooings of her babe moved
her to bitter tears. "In vain," she
wrote tome then, "do we now look
for him to come I in vain listen for the
sound of his horse's tread, or watch
the gateway which shall not open to
admit him I I sigh for to be once
more a prisoner, and he, my sweet
life, at liberty. Alas! what kind of a
destiny does this prove, if one is &ee
only when the other is shut up, and
the word ' parting* is written on each
page of our lives ?"

About a month afterward^ Hr.
Mumford was sent for by Sir Giristo-
pher Hatton, who asked him divers
dangerous questions concerning the
earl^ the countess, and Lord William
Howard, and also himself — such as,
if he was a priest or no ; which indeed
I did not wonder at, so staid and rev-
erend was his appearance. But he
answered he never knew or ever
heard any harm of these honorable
persons, and that he himself was not
a priest^ nor worthy of so great a dig-
nity. • He hath since told me that on
the third day of his examination the
queen', the Earl of Leicester, and divers
others of the council came into the
house for to understand what he had
confessed. Sir Christopher told them
what answers he had made; but they,
not resting satisfied therewith, caused
him, after many threats of racking
and other tortures, to be sent prisoner
|o the Gate-house, where he was kept



for some months so close Aat none
might speak or come to him. But by
the steadfastness of his answers he at
last so cleared himself, and declared
the innocency of the earl, and his wife
and brother, that they were set at
liberty.

Soon after her lord's release, I re-
ceived this brief letter from Lady
Arundel:

" Mine c?^ good CoNSTANOEy—
I have seen my lord, who came here
the day after be was set free. He
very earnestly desires to put into exe-
cution his reconeihation to the Church
now that his troubles are a little over-
past. I have bethought myself that,
since Father Campion hath left Lon-
don, diligence might be used for to
procure him a meeting with Father
Edmonds, whom I have heard com-
mended for a very virtuous and reli-
gious priest, much esteemed both in
this and other countries. Prithee, ask
Mr. Wells if in his thinking this
should be possible, and let my lord
know of the means and opportunities
thereunto. I shall never be so. much
indebted, nor he either, to any one in
this world, my dear Constance, as to
thee and thy good friends, if this inter-
view shall be brought to pass, and the
desired effect ensue.

" My Bess doth begin to walk alone,
and hath learned to make the sign of
the cross ; but I warrant thee I am
sometimes frightened that I did teach
her to bless herself, untQ such time as
she can understand not to display her
piety so openly as she now doeth.
For when many lords and gentlemen
were here last week for to consider
the course her majesty's progress
should take through Kent and Sussex,
and she, sitting on my knee, was no-
ticed by some of them for her pretty
ways, the clock did strike twelve;
upon which, what doth she do but
straightway makes the sign of the
cross before I could catch her little
hand? Lord Cobham frowned, and
my Lord Burleigh shook his head;
but the Bishop of Chichester stroked



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her head, and sud, with a smile,
* Honi soit qui malypense f for which
I pray God to bless him. Oh, but
wliat fears we do daily live in I I
would sometimes we were beyond
seas. But if my lord is once recon-
ciled, methinks I can endure all that
may befal us. Thy true and loving
friend,

^ Ann, Abundsl and Surbet.^

I straightway repaired to Mr. Wells,
and found him to be privy to Father
Edmonds's abode. At my request, he
acquainted Lord Arundel with this
secret, who speedily availed himself
thereof, and after a few visits to this
good man's garret, wherein he was
concealed, was by him reconciled, as I
soon learnt by a letter from his lady.
She wrote in such perfect contentment
and joy thereunto, that nothing could
exceed it. She said her dear lord had
received so much comfort in his soul
as he had never felt before in all his
life, and such directions from .Father
Edmonds for the amending and order-
ing of it as did greatly help and fur-
ther him therein. Ever after that
time, from mine own hearing and ob-
servation, his lady's letters, and the
report of such as haunted him, I
learnt that he lived in such a manner
that he seemed to be changed into an-
other man, having great care and vig-
ilance over all his actions, and addict-
ing himself much to piety and devo-
tion. He procured to have a priest
ever with him in his own house, by
whom he might frequently receive
the holy sacrament, and daily have
the comfort to be present at the holy
sacrifice, whereto, with great humility
and reverence, he himself in person
many times would serve. His visits
to his wife were, during the next
years, as frequent as he could make
them and as his duties at the court
and the queen's emergencies would al-
low of; who, albeit she looked not on
him with favor as heretofore, did
nevertheless exact an unremitting at-
tendance on his part on all public oc-
casions, and jealously noted every ab-



sence he made fitmi London. Each
interview between this now loving
husband and wife was a brief space o^
perfect contentment to both, and a re-
spite from the many cares and trou-
bles which did continually increase
upon him ; for the great change in his
manner of life had bred suspicion in
the minds of some courtiers and
potent men, who therefore began to
think him what he was indeed, but of
which no proof could be alleged.

During the year which followed
these haps mine aunt died, and Mr.
Congleton sold his house in Ely
Place, and took a small one in Gray's
Inn Lane, near to Mr. Wells's and
Mr. Lady's. It had no garden, nor
the many conveniences the other did
afford; but neither Muriel nor myself
did lament the change, for the vicinity
of these good friends did supply the
place of other advantages ; audit also
liked me more, whilst Basil lived in
poverty abroad, to inhabit a less
sumptuous abode than heretofore, and
dispense with accustomed luxuries.
Of Hubert I could hear but scanty
tidings at that time— only that he had
either lost or resigned his place at
court? Mr. Hodgson was told by one
who had been his servant that he had
been reconciled; others said he did
lead a very disordered life, and haunt>-
ed bad persons. The truth or falsity of
these statements I could not then dis-
cern ; but methinks, from wliat I have
since learnt, both might be partly true ;
for he became subject to fits of gloom,
and so dtscomfortable a remorse as
almost unsettled his reason ; and then,
at other times, plunged into worldty
excesses for to dro¥ni thoughts of the
past He was frightened, I ween, or
leastways distrustfol of the society of
good men, but consorted with Galho-
lics of somewhat desperate character
and fortunes, and such as dealt in
plots and treasonable schemes.

Father Campion's arrest for a very
different cause - *ftlbeithis enemies did
seek to attach to him the name t>f tnu-
tor— occurred this year at Mrs. Yates's
house in Worcestershire, and conster-



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nated the hearts of all recasants ; hot
when he came to London, and speech
was had of him by many amongst
them which gained access to him in
prison, and reported to others his
great courage and jojfbUiess in the
midst of suffering, then, methinks, a
contagious spirit spread amongst
Catholics, and conversions followed
which changed despondency into re-
joicing. But I will iftt here set down
the manner of his trial, nor the won-
derful marks of patience and constan-
cy which he showed under torments
and racklngs, nor hiB interview with
her majesty at my lord Leicester's
house, nor Uie heroic patience of his
death; for others with better know-
ledge thereof, and pens more able for
to do it, have written this martyr's life
and glorious end. But I will rather
relate such events as took place, as it
were, under mine own eye, and which
are not, I ween, so extensively known.
And first, I will speak of a conversa^
tion I held at that time with a person
then a stranger, and therefore of no
great significancy when it occurred,
but which later did assume a sudden
importance, when it became linked
with succeeding events.

One day that I was visiting at
Lady Ingoldsby's, where Polly and
her husband had come for to spend a
few weeks, and much company was
going in and out, the faces and names
of which were new to me, some gen-
tlemen came there whose dress at^
tracl^ notice from the French fashion
thereof. One of them w;as a young
man of very comely appearance and
pleasant manners, albeit critical per-
sons might have judged somewhat
of' the bravado belonged to his atti-
tudes 'and speeches, but withal tem-
pered with so much gentleness and
courtesy, that no sooner had the eye
and mind taken note of the defect
than the judgment was repented of.
What in one of less attractive &ce
and behavior should have displeased,
in this youth did not offend. It was
my hap to sit beside him at *supper,
which lasted a long tune; and as his



behavior was very polite, I freely con-
versed with him, and found him to be
English, though from long residence
abroad his tongue had acquired a
foreign trick. When I told him I
had thought he was a Frenchman, he
laughed, and said if the French did
ever try to land in England, they
should find him to be a very English-
man for to fight against them ; but in
the matter of dinners and beds, and the
liking of a dear sunny sky over above
a dim cloudy one, he did confess him-
self to be so much of a traitor as to
prefer France to England, and he
could not abide the smoke of coal
fires which are used in thb country.

** And what say you, sir," I answer^
ed, ^ to the new form of smoke which
Sir Walter Raleigh hath introduced
since his return from the late discov-
ered land of Virginia ?"

He said he had learnt the use of it
in France, and must needs confess he
found it to be very pleasant Mon-
sieur Nicot had brought some seeds of
tobacco into France, and so much lik-
ing did her majesty Queen Catharine
conceive for this practice of smoking,
that the new plant went by the name
of the queen's herb. " It is not gen-
tlemen alone who do use p pipe in
France," he said, ''but ladies also.
What doth the fair sex in Enghind
think on it ?"

" I have heard," I answered, " that
her mi^esty herself did try for to
smoke, but presently gave it up, for
that it made her sick. Her highness
is also reported to have lost a wager
concerning that same smoking of to- <
bacco."

<*What did her grace betT the
gentleman asked.

" Why, she was one day," I replied,
** inquiring very exactly of the vari-
ous virtues of this herb, and Sir Wal-
ter did assure her that no one under- ,
stood them better than himself, for he
was BO well acquainted with all its
qualities, that he could even tell her
majesty the weight of the smoke of
every pipeful he consumed. Her
highness upon this said, ^Monsieor



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Traveller, 70a do go too far in patting
on me the license which is allowed to
Buch as return from foreign parts;'
and she laid a wager of many pieces
of gold he should n6t be able to prove
his words. So he weighed in her
presence the tobacco before he put it
into his pipe, and the ashes afler he
had consumed it, and convinced her
majesty that the deficiency did pro-
ceed from the evaporation thereof.
So then she paid the bet, and merrily
told him < that she knew of many per-
sons who had turned their gold into
smoke, but he was the first who had
turned smoke into gold.' "

The young gentleman being amused
at this story, I likewise told him of
Sir Walter's hap when he first return-
ed to England, and was staying in a
friend's house : how a servant coming
into his chamber with a tankard of
ale and nutmeg toast, and seeing him
for the first time with a lighted pipe in
his mouth pufiing forth clouds of
smoke, fiung the ale in his face for to
extinguish the internal conflagration,
and then running down the stairs
alarmed the family with dismal cries
that the good knight was on fire, and
would be burnt into ashes before they
could come to his aid.

My unknown companion laughed,
and said he had once on his travels
been taken for a sorcerer, so readily
doth ignorance imagine wonders.
" Near unto Metz, in France," quoth
he, " I fell among thieves. My money
I had quilted within my doublet, which
they took from me, howsoever leaving
me the rest of my apparel, wherein
I do acknowledge their courtesy, since
thieves give all they take notj but
twenty-five French crowns, for the
worst event, I had lapped in cloth,
and whereupon did wind divers-col*
ored threads, wherein I sticked nee-
dles, as if I had been so good a hus-
band as to mend mine own clothes.
Messieurs the thieves were not so
frugal to take my ball to mend their
hose, but did tread it under their feet.
I picked it up with some spark of joy,
and I and my guide (he very sad, be*



cause he despaired of my ability to
pay him his hire) went forward to
Chalons, where he brought me to a
poor ale-house, and when I expostu-
latedy he replied that stately inns were
not for men who had never a penny
in their purses; but I told him that
I looked for comfort in that case more
from gentlemen than clowns ; where-
upon he, sighing, obeyed me, and with
a dejected an^ fearful countenanoe
brought me to the chief inn, where he
ceased not to bewail my misery as if
it had been the burning of Troy ; till
the host, despairing of my ability to
pay him, began to look disdainfully oa
me. The next morning, when, he be-
ing to return home, I paid him his
hire, which he neither asked nor ex-
pected, and likewise mine host for
lodgings and supper, he began to talk
like one mad for joy, and professed I
could not have had one penny except
I wero an alchemist or had a familiar
spirit."

I thanked the young gentleman for
this entertaining anealote, and asked
him if France was no I a very disquiet-
ed countiy, and nothing in it but wars
and fighting.

"Yea," he answered; "tut men
fight there so merrily, that it appears
more a pastime than aught else. Not
always so, howsoever. When French-
man meets Frenchman in the fair
fields of Provence, and those of the
League and those of the Religion — Grod
confound the first and bless the last I
—engage in battle, such encounters
ensue as have not their match for
fierceness in the world. By my troth,
the sight of dead bodies doth not ordi-
narily move me; but the valley of
Allemagne on the day of t&e great
Huguenot victory was a sight the like
of which I would not choose to look
on again, an I could help it."

"Were you, then, present at that
combat, sir ?" I asked.

"Yea," he replied; "I was at that
time with Lesdigui^ros, the Protestant
general, whom I had known at Ia
Bochelle, and beshrew me if a more
valiant soldier doth livQ, or a worthi^



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aoal in a gtalwart frame. I was
•fitanding by bis side wben Tourres
the batcher came for to urge him, with
hislthree hundred men, to ride over
the field and slay the wounded pa-
pists. * No, sir,' quoth the general, < I
fight men, but hunt them not down.'
The dead were heaped many feet
thick on the plain, and the horses
of the Huguenots waded to their
haunches in blood. Those of the Re-
ligion were mad at the death of the
Baron of Allemagne, the general of
their southern churches, brave cas-
tellane, who, when the fight was done,
took off his helmet for to cool his
burning forehead ; and Ip, a shot sent
him straight into eternity."

^ The Catholics were then wholly
routed ?" I asked.

''Yea,'* he answered; ''mowed
down like grass in the hay-harvest.
De ViDs, however, escaped. He
thought to have had a cheap victory
over those of the Religion; but the
saints in heaven, to whom he trustied,
never told him that Lesdigui^res on
the one side and d' Allemagne on the
other were hastening to the rescue,
nor that his Italian horsemen should
fail him in his need. So, albeit the
papists fought like devils, as they are,
hia pride got a fall, which well-nigh
killed liim. He was riding frantically
back into the fray for to get himseU*
slain, when St. Cannat seized his bri-
dle, and called him a coward, so I
have heard, to dare for to die when
Iiis scattered troops had need of him ;
and BO carried him off the field.
D'Oraison, Janson, Pontmez, hotly
pursued them, but in vain ; and all the
Protestant leaders,except Lesdigui&res,
returned that night to the castle of
Allemagne for to bury the baron."

^ sort of shiver passed through the
young gentleman's frame as he uttered
these last words. ,

" A sad burial you then witnessed ?*
I said.

" I pray God," he answered, "nev-
er to witness ^nother such."

" What was the horror of it ?" I
asked.

VOL. IL 41



" WouW you hear it?" he inquired.

" Yea," I said, " most willingly ; for
methinks I see what you describe."

Then he : " If it be so, peradven-
ture you may not thank me for this
describing ; for I warrant yon it was
a fearful sight. I had lost mine horse,
and BO was forced to spend the night
at the castle. When it grew dark I
followed the officers, which, with a
great store of the men, also descend-
ed into the vault, which was garnished
all round with white and warlike sculp-
tured forms on tombstones, mo^it grim
in their aspect; and amidst those
stone imager, grim and motionless,
the soldiers ranged themselves, still
covered with blood and dust, and
leaning on their halberds. In the
midst was the uncovered coffin of the
baron, his livid visage exposed to
view — menacing even in death.
Torches threw a fitful, red-colored
light over the scene. A minister
which accompanied the army stood
and preached' at the coffin's head, and
when he had ended his sermon, sang
in a loud voice, in French verse, the
psalm which doth begin,

* Do foDd de ma pens^e,
Da fond de tons enuals,
A toi I'est adresB^
Ma clamear Jour et nolt.*

When this singing began two soldiers
led up to the tomb a man with bound
hands and ghastly pale face, and, when
the verse ended, shot him thi^gh the
head. The corpse fell upon the
ground, and the singing began anew.
Twelve times this did happen, till my^
head waxed giddy and I became faint
I was led out of tHat vault with the
horrible singmg pursuing me, as if I
should never cease to hear it."

"Oh, 'tis fearful," I exclaimed,
" that men can do such deeds, and the
while have 6od*s name on their lips."

"The massacre of St. Bartholo*
mew," he answered, " hath driven those
of the Religion mad against the pa-
pists."

" But, sir," I asked, " is it not true
that six thousand Catholics in Langue-
doc had been mnrtheied inoold bloody



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and a store of them in other places,
heiore that massacre ?"

^'Haj be so^** he answered in a
oareless tone. ^'The shedding of
Uood, except in a battle or lawful
duel, I abhor ; but Terily I do hate
papists with as great a hate as any
Huguenot in France, and most of all
those in this country — a set of knav*
ish traitors, which would dethrone the

Sueen and sell the reahn to the
ipaniards."

I could not but sigh at these words,
for in "this young man's countenance a
quality of goodness did appear which
made me grieve that he should utter
these unkind words touching Catho*
lies. But I dared not for to utter my
thinking or disprove his accusations,
for, being ignorant of his name, I had
a reasonable fear of being ensnared
into some talk which should show me
to be a papist, and he should prove to
be a spy. But patience faiiled me
whai, after speaking <tf the clear light
of the gospel which England enjoyed,
and to lament that in Ireland none
are found of the natives to have cast
off the Roman religion, he said :

** I ween this doth not proceed from
their constancy in religion, but rather
from the lenity of Protestants, which
think that the conscience must not be
forced, and seek rather to touch and
persuade than to oblige by fire and
sword, like those of the south, who
persecute their own subjects differing
from them in religion."

""Sir," I exclaimed, «this is a
strange thing indeed, that Protestants
do lay a claim to so great mildness in
their dealings with recusants, and yet
such strenuous laws against such are
framed that they do live in fear of
their lives, and are daily fined and
tormented for their profession."

" How so ?" he said, quickly. ** No
papist hath been burnt in this eoun*
try."

**No, sir," I answered; "but a
store of them have been hanged and
cut to pieces whilst yet alivCt"

** Nay, nay," he cried, ** not for their
religion, but for their many treasonsJ*



«Sir,"I answered, « their lel^ion
is made treason by unjust laws, and
then punished with the penalties of
treason; and they die for no other
cause than their faith, by the some
token that each of those which have
perished on the scaffold had his Hfe
offered to him if so he would torn
Protestant"

In the heat of this aigoment I had
forgot prudence ; and some lyikindly
ears and eyes were attending to my
speech, which this young stranger
perceiving, he changed the subject of



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