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holding a political and national status
of its own. Their influence, therefore,
is strong and ever ^ present. It is
otherwise with the English clergy, who
have not one of the advantages allud-
ed to, but are absorbed in begging and
bailding with one hand, while with
the other they hastily baptize, a^olve,
and anoint the new-bom, the viator,
and the dying. Now well-organized
sodalities of laymen supply the ab-
sence of those more powerful influ-
ences, of which we daily lament the
loss. They are a security to each
member against himself, and they
quicken him with a new zeal and ac-
tivity for his neighbor. In San Fran-
cisco there is a sodality for men and
one for women. They hold their re-
spective meetings, sing the office of the
Blessed Virgin, receive instructions,
and frequent the sacraments on ap-



pointed days': they have also their li-
brary. The object is purely spiritual,
and we believe there is no kind of ob-
ligatory subscription. Is a youth be-
ing led away, or in the midst of dan-
gers, his friend induces him to join
him in the sodality. It is a spiritual
citadel into which all may enter, and
find a new armor and strength against
self and the world. Those newly bom
to the faith are gradually and easily
edified and perfected in their new re-
ligion, by contact with the more fer-
vent members whom they find in the
sodality. Such a system cannot be
too widely spread. Why should not a
sodality be established in every con-
siderable parish? After a time, all
would loudly proclaim that they had
built up a tower of strength within the ^
Church. But we may not dwell long-
er on these topics.

The great spuitual dangers in Cali-
fornia are rank infidelity and unblush-
ing naturalism: the one and only
promise of religion, the one hope of
salvation, is in the attityde and posi-
tion of the Catholic Church. Mr.
Hittel sums up the relative numbers
thus.: about fourteen per cent, of the
male population frequent some place
of worship ; of the remaining eighty-
six per cent., one-third occasionally go
to church, according to the attraction
there, and two-thirds never go near a
church, and are not to be counted as
Christians. He estimates the Protest-
ants at 10,000, of whom the Episco-
palians are numbered at only 600
communicants, with twenty churches
and eighteen clergymen ; the Jews at
2,000. The Cat^lic priests, he adds,
claim 80,000 communicants m their
church, and they are more attentive
to the forms of their faith than are the
Protestants. In a word,*Catholicity is
in the ascendant, the sects are in the
decline, and the battle is between pa-
ganism with a mythology of dollars,
and the Church of God with her pre-
cepts of ^elf-denial and her promises
of eternal life.



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81S « PaUenee.

From The Month.

PATIENCE,

FBOM THE OBBXAK.

All through this eaiih we live in

A silent angel goes,
Sent by the God of mercy
• To soften earOily woes.

Sweet peace and gracious pity

In his meek eyes abide ;
That angel's name is Patience —

Oh, taJLe him for your guide.

His gentle hand will lead thee

I Through paths of grief and gloom ;

His cheering voice mil whisper

Of brighter days to come ;
For when thy heart is sinking,

His courage faileth not ;
He helps thy cross to carry,

And soothes the saddest lot.

He turns to chastened sadness

The anguished spirit's cry ;
The restless heart he calmeth

To meek tranquillity ;
The darkest hour will brighten

At his benign command,
And eveiy wound he healeth

With slow but certain hand.

He dries, without reproving.
The tears upon thy checJk ;
He doth not chide thy longings.

But makes them calm and meek ;
And if, when storms are raging,
• Thou askest, murmuring, " Why ?*
He answers not, but pointeth
With quiet smile on high.

• He hath not ready answer

For every question here ;
" Endure,** so runs his motto—

"The time for rest is near."
So, with few words, beside thee

Fareth thine angel-friend ;
Thinking not of the journey,

But of its glorious end.



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The Two Friendi of Mrn^y Quern of Seoti.



818



From The Lilerary WorkmaxL

THE TWO FRIENDS OF MART, QUEEN OF SCOTS-



The first attraction to all Catholics
who yisit Antwerp is its cathedral,
which still remains after so many tem-
pests of war and sedition the glorj
of the city.

But there exists in one of the other
churches a monament which has an
interest for English and Scotch Cath-
olics almost personal; it is in the
church of St. Andrew, which was
founded in the year 1529. Like most
of the churches in Belgian towns, it is
of considerable size and lofty. It
contiuns one of the pulpits for which
Belgium, more than any other coun-
try in Europe, is famous. On the
floor of the church, in front of the
pulpit, and immediately under the
preacher, is a representation in card-
ed wood of the great erent recorded
in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and
eighteenth verses of the first chapter
of St Mark's Gospel :

*^ And passing by the sea of Galilee,
he saw Simon and Andrew his brother
casting nets into the sea, for they
were * fishermen : and Jesus said to
them. Come after me and I wiU make
you to become fishers of men. And
immediately leaving their nets, they
followed him."

The same event is recorded in St.
Matthew. The whole scene is repre-
sented in the most life-like manner.
The figures of our blessed Lord, of
St Peter and St Andrew, are of the
size of life, or nearly so. Our bless-
ed Lord stands by himself, toward the
east, looking down the church. One
of the apostles is seated in a boat
round which shallow waves are rip-
pling. The other stands by the boat
on the shore. A net contains fish,
which show all the attitudes of fish
just caiight and brought to land. The



figure of our blessed Lord, and the at-
titude of the future apostles listening
to him with the utmost reverence, are
given with profound truth, and are
ftill of the purest sentiment of religion.
The pulpit has a sounding-board on
which stands the cross of St Andrew,
supported by small angeUc figures.
It is however the scene on the floor of
the church which is the great object of
admiration. The pulpit is fixed
against one of the pillars of the nave,
and a little eastward of it, beyond
the next pillar, is an altar inclosed by
a marble screen. Against the pillar
nearest to the altar, and behind it, is
placed the monument which has so
great an attraction for Catholics speak-
ing the English tongue.

It is called in the guide-books, '^ A
marble monument raised to the mem-
ory opMary Stuart by two English
ladies.''

But this is not exactly true. It is
the monument, as will be seen, of two
English ladies: and it was obvi-
ously intended also to honor the mem-
ory of their sovereign and mistress
the queen. It is placed high up the
pillar, quite out of reach ; but the in-
scription upon it can be read perfectly
by spending some time and trouble in
considering it.

The inscription occupies the whole
centre of the monument It is in
Latin« and the following is a literal
^translation of it :

«< Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland
and France, mother of James, King
of Great Britain, coming into Eng-
land in the year 1568, for the sake of
taking refuge, was beheaded through
the perfidy of her kinswoman Elisa-
beth, rmgning there, and through the
jealousy of tiie heretical parliament



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814



ThB Two Friend9 of Mgry^ Quern of Socti.



after nineteen jeara of captivity for the
sake of religion. She consummated
her martyi^om in the year of our
Lord 1587, and in the 45th year of
her age and of her reign.

" Sacred to God, beat and greatest,
" You behold, oh traveller, the mon-
ument of two noble matrons of Great
Britain who, flying to the protection
of the Catholic king from their coun-
try, for the sake <3i orthodox religion,
here repose in the hopo of the resur-
re<$tion«

^ First, Barbara Mowbray, daugh-
ter of the Lord John, Baron Mowbcay,
who, being lady of the bedchamber
to the most serene Mary Stuart,
Queen of Scotland, was given in mar-
riage to Gilbert Curle^ who for more
dian twenty, years .was privy council-
lor. They lived together happily for
twenty-three years, and had eight
children. Of these six have passed
to heaven ; two sons, still alive, were
trained in liberal studies. James en-
tered the Society of Jesus at Madrid,
in Spain; Hippolytus, the younger,
made his choice to be enrolled in the
army of Christ in the Society of Jesus
in the province of French Flanders.
He, sorrowing, and with tears, made
it his care to place this monument to
the memory of his admirable mother,
who, on the last day of July, in the
year 1616, and in the 57th year of her
age, exchanged this unstable life for
the life of eternity.

*' Secondly, the memory of Elizap-
beth Curie, his aunt, of the same no-
ble race of the Curies, who also was
the faithfhl companion of the chamber
and the imprisonment of Queen Mary
for eight years; and to whom the
queen at her death gave her last kiss ;
who never married, and lived a life



" May they rest in peace. Amen."
Opposite to your left hand, as you
look at the monument, by the side of
the inscription, is the figure of a fe-
male saint holding a book, and under-
neath, in large letters, St. Barbaba.
On the other side of the inscription
is another female sabt, holding up
her dress, with gold loaves in it, un-
der her left arm, and one gold lonf in
her right hand. Underneath her is
written St. Elizabeth. This is St.
Elizabeth of Hungary. At the top of
the monument, inclosed in a pediment
of marble, is a very agreeable paint-
ing of the queen, and at the bottom of
the monument, below the inscription,
is a lozenge of white marble, showing
the arms of Scotland, France, and
England, «arved, but not colored.

Miss Strickland, in the last volume
of her life of Mary, Queen of Scots,
gives a version of this (Epitaph, and
mentions the fact of the burial of these
ladies in the church of St. Andrew.
The version of the epitaph which we
have given is more exact than that
given by Miss Strickland ; and Miss
Strickland is mistaken in saying that
the churqh of St; Andrew is a "^ small
Scotch church."

Indeed it is difficult to know how
such an expression could be applied
to St. .Andrew*s church. It is cer-
tainly not a small church, as we hare
said; and is certainly not a Scotch
church, in any intelligible sense of that
expression. It was built in 1529,
under the government of Margaret of
Austria, Duchess of Parma. Miss
Strickland mentions the painting at
the top of the monument as having
been brought over to Antwerp by
Elizabeth and Barbara Curie. But
in speaking of the family, of Mowbray



eminent for piety and chastity. Hip- ^she has failed to do justice to the re*
polytus Curie, son of her brother, in ligion of these ladies.



great good will, in memory of her
deserts, and as an expression of his
own love and gratitude, placed this
monument here. She ended her life
in the year of our Lord 1620, on the
29th day of May, in the 60th year of
her age.



She says that << Barbara and GiUies
Mowbray, the two youngest daughters
of the Laird of Barnborough, a lead-
ing member of the Presbyterian Con-
gregation, • • • sought and suc-
ceeded in obtaining the melancholy
privilege of being a^ed to the prison-



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The Two Friends of Mary, Queen of Scots.



815



boasehold of their captive qneen-^
favor they might probabljr have solie-
ited in vain if they had not been Prot-
estants, and their father, Sir John
Mowbray, a etaunch adherent of the
rebel faction" (p. 380).

She gives no authority for her state-
ment as to the religion of the daugh*
ters^ Barbara and Gillies, and the
probabilities, in the absence of evi*
dence, seem all to lie the other way.
Bat in any case, it is obvious that
they were Catholics in Antwerp.

Miss Strickland, in describing the
absurd travestie of a funeral perform-
ed by the Protestant ministers in
Peterborough cathedral over the
body of the Scotch queen, five months
after she had been murdered, bien-
tions that none of the queen's train
would attend at the Protestant ser-
vices, " with the exception of Sir An-
drew Melville and the two Mowbrays,
who were members of the Reformed
Church."

If it is true that those two ladies
did consent to be present when all the
others refused, with great contempt,
there certainly is a presumption that
at that time they continued in the re-
ligion of Knox.

The fact is, indeed, capable of an-
other very natural explanation. They
might have chosen to see the last of
their mistress ; remaining present
without taking any part in th6 shame-
ful ceremonies.

One significant statement in the epi-
taph which we have given, and which
Miss (Strickland has omitted, makes it
certain that if Gillies Mowbray con-
tinued in Knox's or any other form of
heresy, her sister Barbara Mowbray,
wife of Gilbert Curie, was a Catholic
before leaving England. The words
omitted by Miss Strickland we now
reprint in italics : " You behold, oh
traveller, the monument of two noble
matrons of Great Britain, who, flying
to the protection of the Oatholie king
from iheir country for the sake of or-
thodox religion, here repose in the hope
of the resurrection^

MiBs Strickland's account of the



monument also omits to notice the
queen's arms which we have mention-
ed. This Widow's Lozenge tells the
whole case against her rival Elizabeth.
Persons who understand the laws of
heraldry see its meaning at once.
But for general readers it is enough
to say that the arms of Scotland are
put first, then the arms of England as
they were used at that period by Eng-
lish sovereigns. Now, if Elizabeth
had been legitimate, and had a just
title to the throne. Queen Mary would
have had no just right to place the
English arms in her lozenge. The
act of placing these arms on the mon-
ument of the Curies was a protest
against the illegitimate usurper who
had murdered the true heir.

Miss Strickland furnishes the date
of the marriage of Gilbert Curie and
Barbara Mowbray. It took place in
Tutbury Castle, in Staffordshire, in
November, 1586, a few weeks after
the sisters had arrived there to attend
upon the qaeen. Very soon after-
ward, at Fotheringay, they had to at-
tend her on her way to death. Eliz-
abeth Curie was one of the two, Jane
Kennedy being the other, who were
allowed by the wretches who directed
her murder to stand by her and see it
done.

Miss Strickland mentions that the
Conduct of the attendants of Queen
Mary at Peterborough was probably
the reason why they were sent back
to Fotheringay Castle, instead of being
liberated after the pompous funeral of
their murdered mistress. <<They
were cruelly detained there nearly
three montfaus, in the most rigorous
captivity, barely supplied with the ne-
cessaries of life, and denied the privi-i
legos of air and exercbc." •

Among those so detained were
Gillies Mowbray, and Barbara (Mow-
bray) Curie, and Elizabeth Curie.
James, then King of Scotland only,
sent Sir John Mowbray to Elizabeth
to remonstrate on the treatment of
Queen Mary's servants and to de-
mand their release. Then, having
been joined by Gilbert Curie, Baiba-



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816



JU^SMfw JSkfe; or^ The 1^ of Fuiuntjf.



nt'fl husband, they sought the proteo
tion of the Catholic king in Antwerp.

There thej rest in the church of the
great apostle, the patron of Scotland.

The unhappy woman who occupied
the English throne obtained entire
success — she gained the English
crown, murder^ her rival, and pur-
sued Catholics with death, ruin, and
exile* Bat probably no well inform-



ed person — certainly no Catholic — will
doubt that these ladles, in their exik,
their devout lives and piods deaths,
enjoyed happiness unknown to Elica-
beth in her guilty prosperity.

Our readers will not be displeased
to receive this short memcHr of two
ladies who were the attendants of
Mary, Queen of Scots, during life,
and at her death.



From The Lamp.
ALL.HALLO\\r EVE ; OR, THE TEST OF FDTUBITT-



BT BOBEBT CURTIS.



CBAPTEB XXIT.

The moment it had been ascertain-
ed that Emon-a-knock had been so se-
riously hurt, somshoiy thought— oh,
the thoughtfulness of some people 1-^
that some conveyance would be re-
quired, and she was determined to
take time by the forelock. Jamesy
Doyle it was who had been despatch-
ed for the jennet and cart, with a to-
ken to the only servant-woman in the
house to put a hair-mattress— 'she
knew where to get it— over plenty of
straw in the cart, and to make no de-
lay.

Jamesy Doyle was the very fellow
to make no mistake, and to do as he
was bid ; aiid sure enough there he
was now, coming up the boreen with
everything as correct as possible.
Fhil M'Dermott and Ned Murrican
led poor fimon to the end of the lane
just as Jamesy Doyle came up.

" This is for you, my poor fellow,"
said he, addressing Emon. ^ An' Tm
to lave yon every foot at your own
doore — them*3 my ordhers from th'
ould masther himsel'.*^

Em(Mi was about to speak, or to en-
deavor to do so; but M'Darmott
stopped him.



** Don't be desthroyin' yourself,
Emon, strivin' to spake ; bat let ns
lift you into the cart — an' hould yonr
tongue."

Emon-a-knock smiled; but ii was
a happy smile.

Of course there was a crowd ronnd
him ; and many a whispered observa-
tion passed through them as poor Emon
was lifted in, fixeid in a reclining posi-
tion, and Jamesy Doyle desired ^ to
go on," while Phil M'Dermott and
big Ned Murrican gave him an escort,
walking one on each side.

^ It was herself sent Jamesy Doyle
for the jennit, Judy; I heerd her
tellin' him to put plenty of straw into
the cart."

** Ay, Peggy, an' I heerd her tellin'
him to get a hair-mattrest, an' pat it a-
top of it. Isn't it well for the likes of
her that has hair-mattr«sM« to spare?"

«Ay, Nelly Gaffeny, an' didn't I
hear her tellin' him to dhrive fur his
life!"

^IvL troth an' yon didn't, Nancy;
what she said was, ' to inake no de*
lay;' wasn't I as near her as I am to
you this minute ?"

«^ Whist, gtrlsr broke in (as Lever
would say) a sensiUe old woman-*
^it WAS aold Ned Oavana himself



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M'HoBow Em; or^ The Test of Futurity.



617



sent Jamesy off; wasni^t I lookin* at
liim giyin' him the kay of the barn to
get the Bthraw? Dear me, how
pleasant ye all are !"

" Thrue for you, Eatty avrone ; but
wasn't it Winny that put him up to
it, an' the tears coming up in her eyes
as she axed him? an' be the same
token, the hankicher s\ie had in her
hand was for all the world the very
color of Emona-knock's cap an'
sleeves."

There was a good deal of truth, but
some exaggeration, in the above gos-
sip.

It was old Ned Cavana himself
who had despatched Jamesy Doyle
for the jennet and cart, and he had
also given him the key of the barn-
old Katty was quite right so far.

!Now let it be known that there was
not a man in the parish of Rathcash,
who was the owner of a horse and
cart, who Tvould not have cheerfully
sent for it to bring £mon-a-knock
home, when the proper time arrived to
do so— and Winry Cavana knew
that ; she knew that her father would
be all life for the purpose, the moment
it was mentioned to him ; and she was
determined that her father should be
" first in the field." There was noth-
ing extraordinary in the faet itself;
it was the relative positions of the
parties that rendered it food for the
gossip which we have been listening
to. But old Ned never thought of
the gossip in his willingness to serve
a neighbor. Winny had thought of it,
but braved it, rather than lose the
chance. It was she who had suggest-
ed to her father to send Jamesy for
the jennet, and to give him the key of
the bam where the dry straw was.
If the gossips had known this little
turn of the transaction, doubtless it
would not have escaped their com-
ments.

But we must return to the common,
and see how matters are going on
there.

Tom Murdock had witnessed from

no great distance the arrival of the

jennet and cart; and of course he

VOL. n. 5d



knew them. He did not know, how«
ever, that it was Winny Cavana who
had sent for them— *he only guessed

that. He saw « that whelp"—

he put this shameful addition to it in
his anger — ^lifted into it; and if he
had a regret as to the accident, it was
that the blow had not been the inch-
and-a-half lower which Father Far-
rell had blessed his stars had not been
the case. This was the second lime
his eyes had seen the preference he
always dreaded. He had not forgot-
ten tlie scene with the dog on
the road. He had not been so
far that he could not see, nor so care-
less that he did not remark, the hand-
kerchief; nor was he so stupid as not
to divine the purport of the amicable
little battle which apparently took
place between them about it The
color of Lennon's cap and sleeves now
also recurred to his mind, and jealousy
suggested that it was the who made,
them.

But his business was by no means,
finished on the conmion. He could
not, as it were, abscond, deserting his
friends ; and ill as his humor was for
what was' before him, he must go*
through with it It would help to
keep him from thinking for a while,
at all events. Beside, the sooner he
saw Winny Cavana now the better.
He would explain the accident to her
as if it had happened to any other
person, not as to one in whom he be*
lieved there was a particular interest
on her part. To be silent on the sub-
ject altogether, he felt would betray
the very thing he wished to avoid.

The hurling match over, it had
been arranged that the evening should
conclude with a dance, to crown the
amicable feelings with which the two
contending parishes had met in the
strife of hurb. The boys and girls of
Rathcash and Shanvilla, whichever
side won, were to mingle in the mazy
dance, to the enlivening lilts of blind
Murrin the piper, who, as he could not
see the game, had been the whole af-
ternoon squealing, and di-oning, and
hopping the brass end of his pipes



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818



AH-ffaU&w Ev0; or^ The TeU of Uttmrify.



upon a Bqaare polisbed-leather paldi»
stitched upon the knee of his breeches.

There now appeared to be some sort
of a hitch as to the danoe coming off
at all, in consequence of the ** unto*
ward eyent" which had alreadj con-
siderably marred the harmonj of the
meeting ; for it would be idle to deny
that di^atisfaotion and doubt still lin*
gered in the hearts of Shanvilla.
Both sides had brought a barrel of
beer for the occasion, which by this
time it was ahnost necessary to put
upon ^the stoop;" Tom Murdock su-
perintending the distribution of that
from Rathcasb, and a brother of big
Ned Murrican's that from ShanviUa.

Blind Murrin heard some of the talk
which was passing round him about
the postponement of the dance. Like
all blind pipers he was sharp of hear-
ing, and somewhat cranky if put at
all out of tune.

<< Arra, what would t-hey put it off
for ?" said he, looking up, and closing
his elbow on the bellows to silence the
pipes. '* Is it because wan man got a
cut on the head? I heerd Father
Farrell say there wouldn't be a ha-
porth on him agen Sunda' eight days ;
an' I heerd him, more be token, tellin'
the boys to go an' ask the Rathcash
girls to dance. Arra, what do ye
mane ? I^n't the counthry gotthered
now ; an' the day as fine as summer,
an' the grass brave an' dhry, an' lash-
in's of beer at both sides, an' didn't I
come eleven miles this momin' a
purpose, an' wliat the diowl would
they go an' put off the dance for?
Do you mane to say they're onr
.skiaughs or aumadkavmf, or-— what?"

" No, Billy," said a Shanvilla girl,
with good legs, neat feet, black boots,
and stockings as white as snow, — ^ no,
BQly ; but neither the Shanvilla boys
nor girls have any heart to dance,
after Emon-a-knock bein' kilt an' sent
home."

" There won't be a haporth on him,
I tell you, agen Sunda'. Didn't I
hear Father Farrell say so, over an'
over again ? arra hadhenhiny Kitty, to
be sure they'll dance 1"



While blind Murrin was » letting
<^ thus, Phil M'Dermott' was seen
returning by a short cut across the
fields toward them.

** Here's news of Emon, anyway ;
he's aither better or worse," continued
Kitty Reilly ; and some dread that ic
was unfavorable crept through the
Shanvillas.

« WeU, Phil, how is he ? well, Phil,
how is he ?" greeted ITDennott from



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