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Deaf and dnmb,



8.18

4.89

1.64

.78



Of the 4i0 insane, 313, or 5.82 per cent., of the number relieved
were supported by townships in State asylums.



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APPENDIX.



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GoQfile



2pi




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Legislative Document, No. 6.



IMMIGRATION REPORT



OF THE



BOARD OF PUBLIC CHARITIES



OP THE



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA,



ACTING AS



illED SmiES COiilSliRS OF IlMICRiflON.



OFFICERS OF THE BOARD.



President^
Philip 0. Garrett.

General Agent and Secretary^
Cadwalader Biddle.



Office of Executive Committee,
Philadelphia, October ^, 1886,
To the Hon. Daniel Manning,

Secretary of the Treasury ^Washington^ D. C:
Sir : We have the honor to report that during the year ending the
30th day of June, 1886, twenty-three thousand four hundred and fifty-
eight (23,458) persons from foreign ports landed at the port of Phila-
delphia, and were examined and inspected as required by the act of
Congress.
The following statistics relate to their sex, age, nativity, health, etc.:



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156



Board of Public Charities.



[^0. 6,



Sex.



Males,



, 14,208



Per et.
60.55



Females,



No.

•UDderie, 6,487

16 to 26, 7,918

26 to 60, 7.666



No.

Ireland, 6,088,

Glermany, 1,824

England, 7 J89

Wales, 72

Scotland, 1,825

France, 74

Russia, 444

Poland 764

Switzerland, 9

Sweden, 2,914

.... 918

.... 282

.... 8

7

.... 214

.... 81

... 80



Age,

Per et,
24.68
86.88
84.69



No.
.9,265

28,458



No.



61 and over, 1,061

Unknown, >- 1,886



Norway, .
Italy, . .
Spain, . .
Portugal, .
Denmark,
Belgium,
Holland, .
Austria, .



Nativity.

Peret.

21.68

7.79

88 07

.81

6.66

.81

1.90

8.26

.04

12.46

8.92

1.00

.01

.08

.91

.18

.18

1.70



No.
106

7



Hungary,

At sea,

Arabia, 14

East Indies, 8

Jerusalem, 7

Australia, . / 6

Greece, 4

Canada, 7

Egypt, 2

Turkey, 10

Palestine, 8

Nova Scotia, 2

Newfoundland, ..... 1

India, 1

United States, 1,190

Not stated, ....... 56



Aliens, ....
United States,
Not stated, . .



Health.



No.

.22,218

. 1.190

66

28,458



Mental. No.

Good, 28,464

Impaired, 4



Physical. No. Per ct.

Good, 28,489 99.88

Impaired, 19 .17

23,468 lOO.CO

Arrivals by Month.

Months. Males.

July, 1,196

August, 1,886

September, 1,182

October, 801

November, 768

December, 672

January, 451

February, 492

March, 794

April, 2,078

May, 2,762

June, 1,696

14,208



Females.

860

1,076

1,168

841

617

466

197

179

288

876

1,679

1,116

9,256



Peret.
89.46

100.00



Per et.
4.80



28,468 100.00



Per et.
.45
.08
.06
.01
.08
.02
.02
.08
.01
.05
.04
.01



6.06



28,468 100.00



Per et,

94.91

5.09



100.00

Peret

99.89

.11



28,458 100.00



28,458



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Leg. Doc]



Appendix.



157



liast Place of Residence.

No. Per et.

United States, ♦8,246 18.84

Foreign oouDtries, 20,212 86.16



28,458 100.00



CABIN PASSENGERS.

Sex.
No. Per et.



Males,



Under 16, .
16 to 25, . .
26 to 50, . .
51 and over.



Ireland, .
Germany,
Bn gland,
Scotland,
France, .
Russia, .
Italy, . .
Belgiam,
Holland,



197



No.
80
60

125
18



No.
7
18
98
8
6
1
1
6
1



55.20



Females,



Age.



Per ct.

16.11

24.80

51.65

7.44



Unknown,



No.
160

857



No.
115



Per et.

44.80

100.00



Per et.



Nativity.



Per et.
1.96
8.64
27.45
2.24
1.40
.28



.28



Austria, ....
East Indies, . .
Canada, . . .
Nova Scotia, . .
Newfoundland,

India,

United States, .



867



No.
8
2
2
2
1
1

201

857
No.



Alietis, 156

United States, 201



857



100.00



Per et.
2.24
.56
.56
.56
.28
.28
56.81

100.00

Per et.
48.69
56.81

100.00



Physical.
Good, . ,



Health.

No. Per ct. i MentaL
857 100.00 I Good, .



No Per et.
857 100.00



Arrivals by Month.

Months. Males.

July, 19

August, 29

September, 52

October, 17

November, 11

December, 9

January, 4

February, . 4

March, 9

AprU, 7

May, 21

June, 15

Ifff



Females.
10
25
51
25

6

7

8



6

1
16
10

160



Total.

29

54

108

42

17

16

7

4

15

8

87

25

857



♦Note.— Of tliis number (3,246) reported to have been residents of the United
States, only 1,190 had a legal residenoe in this country.



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158



Board of Public Charities.



[No. 6,



STEERAGE PASSENGERS.

Sex.
No, Per cU



Males, 14,006



Under 16,
16 to 25, . .
26 to 60, . .
61 and over,



No.
5,898
7,858
7,581
1,048



No.



Ireland, 5,081

England. 7,641

Germany, 1,810

Wales, 72

Scotland, 1,817

Russia, 448

Poland, 764

Sweden, 2,914

Norway, . 918

Italy, ...... 231

Hungary, 106

France, 69

Switzerland, 9

Spain, 8

Portugal, 7

Denmarlc, 2L4

Belgium, ....... 25



66.26



Females,



Age

Per et.

24.78

86.00

84.49

4.78



Unknown,



Nativity.

Per cU

21.88

88.16

7.86

.81

6.71

1.92

8.81

12.65

8.98

1.00

.46

.80

.04

.01

.08

.98

.11



Holland,

Austria, 890

At sea

Arabia,

East Indies, ....

Jerusalem,

Australia,

Greece,

Canada,

Egypt,

Turkey,

Palestine,

United States, 989

Not stated, 55



No.


Per et.


9,098


88.74


28,10r


100.00


No.


Per et.


1,271








28,101


100.00


No.


Per ct.


29


.18


890


1.69


7


.08


14


.06


1




7


.08


5


.02


4


.02


6


.02


2


.01


10


.05


8


.04



28,101



4.2



100.00




28,101



Health.



Physical No.

Good, 28,082

Impaired, 19

28.101



Per ct.

99.92

.08

100.00



Mental. No,

Good, 28,097

Impaired, 4

28,101



PercL

90.67

9.48



100.00



Per et.

99.98

.02

100.00



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Leg. Doc] Appendix. 159

Arrivals by Month.

Months. Males. Females, Total*

July, 1,177 860 2,027

August, 1,357 1,050 2,407

September, 1,080 1,112 2,192

October, 784 816 1,600

November, 747 511 1,258

Deoember, 668 459 1,122

January, 447 194 641

February, 488 179 667

Maft-oh, 786 282 1,067

AprU, 2,066 874 2,940

May, 2,731 1,663 4,394

June, 1,681 1,106 2,786

14,006 9,095 28,101

Statistical Resume.

The whole number of passengers arriving during the year ending
the 30th day of June, 1886, was twenty-three thousand four hundred
and fifty-eight ( 23,458. )

Sex.
Of this number, (23,458,) 14,203, or 60.55 per cent., were males, and
9,255, or 39.45 per cent., were females.

Age.

Of the whole number, (23,458,) 5,437, or 24.63 per cent., were under
16 years of age ; 7,918, or 35.88 per cent., were between 16 and 25 ;
7,656, or 34.69 per cent., were between 26 and 50 ; and 1,061, or 4.80
per cent., were 51 years and over* The ages of 1,386 were unknown.

Nativity.

Of the whole number, (23,458,) 22,213, or 94.91 per cent, were aliens^
and 1,190, or 5.09 per cent., were natives of the United States. The
nativity of 55 was unknown.

Health.

Of the whole number, (23,458,) 23,439, or 99.83 per cent, had good
physical health, and 19, or .17 per cent., had impaired physical health ;
23,454, or 99.89 per cent, had good mental health; find 4, or .11 per
cent., had impaired mental health.



Births.

During the year, seven (7) births occurred on board the steamships
while in transit to this country.

Deaths.

During the year, fourteen (14) deaths occurred on'^board the steam-
ships while in transit to this country ; they were, with one or two ex-
ceptions, infants or children, and all were buried at sea



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160 Board op Public Charitiks. [No. 6,

Expenditure.

The total expenditure during the year ending the 30th day of June,
1886, and for all purposes, was $7,698 45, subdivided as follows, viz :

Salaries, ^,600 00

BoardiDgand lodging, 2,496 06

Hospital expenses, 447 77

Printing and stationery, 182 25

Medical attendance, 84 86

Postage stamps, 15 00

Transportation, 254 50

Rent of office, 88 84

Hauling expenses, 64 25

Telegrams and other incidental expenses, 164 48

Funeral expenses, 141 00

Interpreters' compensation, 215 00

Total, 17,698 45

Destitution.

There were twenty-five hundred and forty (2,540) worthy persons
thai needed assistance, who were promptly and temporarily relieved,
the amount expended for boarding and lodging being $2,496 06.

The following statement exhibits the nationality of the 2,540 desti-
tute immigrants relieved, viz :

No, P6r ei,

Irish, 919 86.18

English, 1,076 42.36

Scotch, 29 1.14

WTelsh, 8 .12

Germans, 96 8.74

Hungarians, 48 1.89

Poles, 182 7.17

Swedes, 61 2.40

Norwegians, 19 1.93

Russians, 89 1.54

Italians, 8 .81

Danes, '. 18 .71

French, 5 .20

Austrians 8 .31

Total, 2,540 100.00

Stowaways.

During the year, there were fifty-three (53) stowaways discovered ;
they were all able-bodied young men, and some of them belonged to
this country. They were carefully examined and inspected, were not
found to be convicts, lunatics, or unable to support themselves, and,
with the exception of five doubtful cases, were permitted to land.
Some had relatives or friends in this country, to whom they departed,
and others remained at this port, for whom occupation was secured.
The five doubtful cases were returned to Europe.



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Leg. Doc] Appendix. 161

Eiinployineiit.

Employment was secured for ninety (90) immigrants, and mostly
at laboring work. Very few of the arrivals who needed assistance had
trade-knowledge.

Diseases.

The diseases treated among the arrivals were as follows, viz :

Cases. Event.

Typhoid fever, 8 8 died.

Child-birth, 8 1 died.

Exhaustion Id pregnan<7,

Marasmus,

Pleurisy,

Measles,

Small-pox,

Consumption,

Diarrhoea,

Injury on ship-board,

Erysipelas,



] died.
1 died.

1 cured.

2 cured.
1 cured.

1 died.

2 cured.
4 cured.
1 cured.



Total,



The total amount expended during the year for hospital cases was
$447 77.

There were, on arrivjj, six cripples and one deaf mute. They came
to this country for the purpose of joining their relatives. These rela-
tives gave satisfactory evidence of their ability to prevent them be-
coming public charges. Some of them have trades. If necessary, the
steamship agents will return them to the countries whence they came.

Convicts and Liunatios.

No convicts were discovered. There were six persons of unsound
mind on arrival ; three of these were not permitted to land, and were
returned to the countries whence they came. The remaining three
were permitted to land on trial. They were met at the ship by their
relatives, who guaranteed that they were able to take care of them.
In the event of their failure to do so, the steamship agents will return
them to Europe.

Returned Immi^ants.

There were one hundred and eighty-five (185) persons returned to
Europe during the year ending June 30, 1886. Of this number, four
(4) were persons of unsound mind. Three (3) of these were not per-
mitted to land, and the remaining case was permitted to land on
trial, being only slightly deranged on arrival, but subsequently grew
so much worse that the return became necessary. One hundred and
thirty-seven (137) were incapacitated for labor on account of illness
or inability; thirty-five (35) were unable to get suitable employment;
four (4) were indigent and worthless persons, and five (5) were stowa-
ways that were supposed to be unworthy of landing.

11 Chakities.



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162 Board of Public Charities. [No. 6,

Government Imnii^ants.

To the best of our knowledge and belief, no government immi-
grants, or those sent by the aid of any foreign government, landed at
this port during the year.

Statement

Showing the number of immigrants arrived at the port of Philadel-
phia during each of the fifteen years ending June 30, from 1872 to
1886, inclusive :



1880, 21,727

1881, 84,865

1882, . . .86,284

1888 .24,808

1884, 20,822

1886, 25,129

1886, 23,468



1872, 164

1873, 1,108

1874, 6,649

1875, '. . 9,929

1876, 7,812

1877, 6,154

1878, 6,289

.1879, 8,266

NoTB.— We are indebted to the Chief of the Bureau of Statistios for the figures of
(the years prt ceding 1884.

Immifirrants Forbidden to Land Until Specially Inspected.

During the year, ten hundred and ninety-eight (1,098) immigrants
were detained on ship-board for special examination and inspection.
'Of this number, (1,098,) six (6) were non compos mentis cases ; fifty-
three (53) were stowaways; one hundred and twenty-one (121) were
elderly people ; nine hundred and eighteen (918) were doubtful cases,
' and suspicion was entertained that they might belong to the prohib-
ited classes.

They were eventually permitted to land, with the exception of
three persons of unsound mind, five stowaways, and four worthless
men, who were returned to the countries whence they came.

General Remarks.

During the year ending June 30, 1886, one thousand six hundred
and seventy-one (1,671) fewer persons arrived than during the preced-
ing year.

The number returned to Europe this year (185) was sixty-eight (68)
in excess of the previous year.

The total number subject to the per capita immigration tax for the
year was 21,235 ; the expenditure for all purposes was $7,698 45, and
the amount expended per head was 36.2 cents.

The work connected with the business of immigration has been
prosecuted with the utmost discretion, economy, and deliberation. No
efforts have been spared to carry into effect the requirements of the
act of Congress respecting the landing of convicts^ lunatics^ and any
person unable lo take care of himself or herself^ without becoming a
public charge.

It is our practice to secure employment for the worthy destitute at
the earliest moment, and so help them to help themselves.



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Leg. Doc] Appendix. 163

If any prove unable or unwilling to work, they have been returned
to Europe free of expense to the immigrant fund ; that is if the ina-
bility to labor existed on arrival.

Much good has been accomplished, and the honest, able bodied, and
willing-to-work poor, irrespective of nationality, have always received
our earnest attention.

As the knowledge of the duties involved increases, it is expected
that greater good can be effected to the end ; that, so far as the port
of Philadelphia is concerned, the country may not be further bur-
dened with supporting foreign paupers, convicts, lunatics, or those
imable to support themselves.
All of which is respectfully submitted.

Charles J. Harrah,
E. CoppEE Mitchell,
J. MoxROB Shellknberger,
Philip C. Garrett, ex oMcio.
Cadwalader Biddle, ex oMcio^
^Committee on Immigration.

S. Sheneman,

Immigration Secretary.

John J. S. Rodgers,

Immigration Inspector.



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164 Board of Public Charities. [No. 6,



RULES AND BY-LAWS.

1. The executive committee of the eastern district of Pennsylva-
nia shall have charge and supervision of immigration at the Port of
Philadelphia, subject to the direction of the Board of Public Charities-

2. The said committee shall appoint a secretary, an examining clerk,
a recording and statistical clerk, a financial and voucher clerk, and
employ such other persons as may be deemed necessary for carrying
into effect the act of Congress, approved August 3, 1882, relating to
immigrants arriving in the United States.

Of the Organization of Officers,

1. The secretary of the executive committee shall report in writ-
ing, to the collector of the port all ** convicts^ lunatics^ idiota^ and any
person unable to take care of himself^ or herself,, without becoming a
public charge^^ found to be so on arrival, or that may be afterwards
found in any of the various almhouses, and other institutions of the
State ; shall give prompt attention to all hospital and distressed cases
on arrival, investigate complaints, remedy grievances, carry into ef-
fect all orders and resolutions of the executive committee, and shall,
under the direction of said committee, have the control and supervi-
sion of the entire business of immigration.

He shall keep the minutes of all meetings, properly record them in
the book provided for such purpose, have charge of the oflBcial corres-
pondence, and perform such other duties as maybe required from time
to time.

2. The examiningjClerk, under the immediate charge of the secretary,
shall, with the assistance of the interpreters, make the examination of
all immigrants on landing; the proper registering of their names,
nativities, occupations, destinations, etc., and perform such other duties
as may be required.

3. The financial and voucher clerk shall have charge of the accounts,
make out the requisite vouchers for all items of expenditure, in a book
to be provided for that purpose, prepare an itemized statement at the
end of each month, of expenses incurred during the month, and at
the end of the year compile a report of all receipts and expenditures,
for incorporation in the statistical report to the Secretary of the Treas-
ury, at Washington, and perform such other duties as may be required.

4. The recording and statistical clerk shall have charge of the record
book, to be provided for that purpose, and so prepare and arrange the
data, that a statistical report may be made at the end of each year,
and perform such other duties as may be required from time to time.



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Leg. Doc] Appendix. 165



An Act to Regralate Immiicration.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled^ That there shall be
levied, collected and paid a duty of fifty cent« for each and every pas-
senger, not a citizen of the United States, who shall come by steam or
sail vessel from a foreign port, to any port within the United States.
The said duty shall be paid to the collector of customs of the port to
which such passenger shall come, or if their be no collector at such
port, then to the collector of customs nearest thereto, by the master-
owner, agent, or consignee of every such vessel, within twenty-four
hours after the entry thereof into such port. The money thus col-
lected shall be paid into the United States Treasury, and shall consti-
tute a fund to be called the immigrant fund, and shall be used, under
the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, to defray the expense
of regulating immigration under this act, and for the care of immi-
grants arriving in the United States, for the relief of such as are in
distress, and for the general purposes and expenses of carrying this
act into effect. The duty imposed by this section shall be a lien upon
the vessels which shall bring such passengers into the United States,
and shall be a debt in favor of the United States against the owner or
owners of such vessels ; and the payment of such duty may be en-
forced by any legal or equitable remedy : Provided^ That no greater
sum shall be expended for the purposes hereinbefore mentioned, at
any port, than shall have been collected at such port.

Section 2. That the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby charged
with the duty of executing the provisions of this act, and with super-
vision over the business of immigration to the United States, and for
that purpose he shall have power to enter into contracts with such
State commission, board or officers, as may be designated for that pur-
pose by the Governor of any State, to take charge of the local affairs
of immigration in the ports within said State, and to provide, for the
support and relief of such immigrants therein landing as may fall into
distress, or need public aid, under the rules and regulations to be pre-
scribed by the said Secretary ; and it shall be the duty of such State
commission, board or officers so designated, to examine into the con-
dition of the passengers arriving at the ports within such State, in any
ship or vessel, and for that purpose all or any of such commissioners
or officers, or such other person or persons, as they shall appoint, shall
be authorized to go on board of and through any such ship or vessel,
and if, on such examination, there shall be found among such passengers
any convict, lunatic, idiot, or any person unable to take care of him-
self or herself, without becoming a public charge, they shall report
the same in writing to the collector of such port, and such person shall
not be permitted to land.



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166 Board op Public Charities. [No. 6,

Section 3. That the Secretary of the Treasury shall establish such
regulations and rules, and issue from time to time such instructions
not inconsistent with law, as he shall deem best calculated to protect
the United States, and immigrants into the United States, from fraud
and loss, and for carrying out the provisions of this act and the im-
migration laws of the United States ; and he shall prescribe all forms
of bonds, entries and other papers to be used under and in the en-
forcement of the various provisions of this act.

Section 4. That all foreign convicts, except those convicted of
political offenses, upon arrival, shall be sent back to the nations to
which they belong and from whence they came. The Secretary of
the Treasury may designate the State Board of Charities of any State
in which such board shall exist by law, or any commission in any State?
or any person or persons in any State, whose duty it shall be to execute
the provisions of this section without compensation. The Secretary
of the Treasury shall prescribe regulations for the return of the afore-
said persons to the countries from whence they came, and shall fur-
nish instructions to the board, commission, or persons charged with
the execution of the provisions of this section, as to the mode of pro-
cedure in respect thereto, and may change such instructions from time
to time. The expense of such return of the aforesaid persons not per-
mitted to land shall be borne by the owners of the vessels in which
they came. .

Section 5. That this act shall take effect immediately.

Approved— August 3, 1882.



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Lkg. Doc] Appendix. 167



Elxtraot from a Circular of the Treasurj Department, dated August 7, 1882.

Collectors of ports on the sea-board or in close proximity to marine
waters, and not on the waters of the northern, north-eastern, and
north-western frontiers, will take the proper steps, under the provisions
of section first of this act, to make the collection of fifty cents for every
immigrant alien passenger by application to the master, owner, agent
or consignee, if such duty be not voluntarily paid. And the number
of immigrant passengers will be ascertained on the basis of the list of
passengers returnable by virtue of section four thousand two hundred
and sixty-six, R. S., until November 1, 1882, when the list of taxable
immigrant passengers will be made out from the list returnable under
section nine of the act to regulate the carriage of passengers by sea,
approved August 2, 1882.

The moneys thus collected will be carried to an immigrant fund and
deposited with an Assistant Treasurer of the Untited Stales, subject
to the order of the Secretary of the Treasury.

The amounts thus collected will be reported weekly to the depart-
ment.

The collector of every customs-district will, in furtherance of the
objects contemplated by section second of the act, report whether
there exists in his district any State commission or board, designated
by the Governor of the State, to exercise supervision over alien im-
migration ; and if not, whether such immigration in his district is so
great as to require the designation, by the Governor of the State, of a
board or officers to supervise it, or to provide for the support or relief
of immigrants needing public aid, or to prevent the landing of alien
immigrants who may be convicts, lunatics, or idiots, or persons likely
to become a public charge.

And until further regulations shall be prescribed by this department,
collectors of customs shall take the steps for the sending back of alien
convicts to their respective countries provided in section five, of the
"Act supplementary to the acts in relation to immigration, approved
March 3, 1875." This regulation is prescribed under section four of
the act of August 3, 1882, herein mentioned.

ChAS. J. FOLGER,

SecretaTy.



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Leg. Doc.] Appendix. 169



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