Pennsylvania. Dept. of Factory Inspection.

Annual report of the Factory Inspector of the Commonwealth of ..., Volume 8 online

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Annual Report of the Factory
Inspector of the Commonwealth ...

Pennsylvania Dept. of Factory Inspection, Pennsylvania



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TWELFTH ANNUAL REPORT



OF THB



FACTORY INSPECTOR



OF THE



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA,



FOR THE YEAR 1901.



WM. STANLEY RAY,

8TATE PEtNTEE OF PBNNSTLVANIA.
1902.



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Official, DocfUMENT, No. 15,



REPORT



FACTORY INSPECTOR.



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.



Department of Factory Inspector,
Harrisburg, October 31, 1901.
To tlie Honorable William A. Stone, Governor of Pennsylvania:

Sir: I have the honor to present herewith the Twelfth Annnal
Report of the Factory Inspector's Department for the year ending
October 31, 1901.

Yours respectfully,
J ^ p^^ JAMES CAMPBELL.



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Official Document, No. 15.



OFFICIAL LIST.



Inspector,
James Campbell, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pa.

Chief Clerk.
VV. H. Heekendorn, Hamilton, Jelferson county, Pa.

Stenographer.
Jennie M. Hammett, New Castle, Lawrence county, Pa.

Messenger.
James C. Masters, Harrisburg, Pa.

Deputy Inspectors.

M. N. Baker, Corry, Erie county.
E. W. Bishop, Dunmore, T^ckawanna county.
T. A. Bradley, Lilly, Cambria county.

William A. Carney, Cor. Thirty-second and McClurg Sts., Pitts-
burgh, Pa.

J. W. Davis, Plymouth, Luzerne county, Pa.

William W. English, Wellsboro, Tioga county.

E. P. Gamble, Altoona, Blair county, Pa.

Mary S. Glenn, Holmesburg, Philadelphia.

W. S. Godfrey, 2545 Cedar St., Philadelphia.

Robert Hamilton, 40 South Coulter St., Philadelphia.

William J. Hughes, 2125 South Ninth St., Philadelphia.

Mrs. Martha E. R. Keller, 1009 Saint Bernard Place, Philadelphia.

James Knight, Jr., Nicetown and Rising Sun Lane, Philadelphia.

Thomas J. I^appin, 1431 'Morris St., Philadelphia.

Thomas A. Lee, 2046 Reed St., Philadelphia.

Mrs. A. E. Leisenring, 432 Chew St., Allentown, Lehigh county.

W. S. Mullin, Hyndman, Bedford county.

B. R. Myers, Ogontz, Montgomery county.

1—15—1901

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ANNUAL REPORT OP THE Off. Doc.

E. R. Penrose, Quakertown, Bucks county, Pa.

John K. Robinson, Mifflintown, Juniata county.

George I. Rudolph, 1406 Western Ave., Allegheny City.

Lucille D. Shafer, 1110 Bingtham St., Pittsburgh, S. S.

Thomas B. Shaw, Chester, Delaware county.

Mary Wagner 275 Cor. Craig St. and Centre Ave., Pittsburgh.

Anna White, York, York county. Pa.



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Ofhoial Documbnt, No. 15.



FACTORY INSPE)CTION DISTRICTS.



FOR YEAR 1901.



Dififtrict No. 1. Bounded on the north by county line, east by Dela-
ware river south by Lehigh avenue, and west by Schuylkill river
and county line. Pages 47-88.
Inspector. James Knight, Jr.,Nicetown and Rising Sun Lane,Phila.
District No. 2. Bounded on the north by Lehigh avenue, east by Del-
aware river, south by Vine street, and west by the Schuylkill
river. Pages 89-128.
Inspector. W. S. Godfrey, 2352 E. Huntingdon street, Phila.
District No. 3. Bounded on the north by Vine street, east by Dela-
ware river, south by Market street, and west by Schuylkill river.
Pages 129-210.
Inspector. Miss Mary S. Glenn, Holmesburg, Phila.
District No. 4. Bounded on the north by Market street, east by Dela-
viare river, south by Pine street, and west by Schuylkill river.
Pages 211-300,
Inspector. Mrs. Martha E. R. Keller, 1009 St. Bernard Place, Phila.
District No. 5. Bounded on the north by Pine street, east by Dela-
ware river, south by Carpenter street, and west by Schuylkill
river. Pages 301-332.
Inspector. William J. Hughes, 2125 South Ninth street, Phila.
District No. 6. Bounded on the north by Carpenter street, east by
Delaware river, south by Delaware river and county line, and
west by Schuylkill river. Pages 333-304.
Inspector. Thomas J. Lappin, 1431 Morris street, Philadelphia.
District No. 7. Bounded on the north by Schuylkill river, eai3t by
Schuylkill river, south by county line, and west by county line.
Pages 365 382.
Inspector. Thomas A. Lee, 2046 Reed street, Phila.
District No. 8. Composed of the counties of Chester, Delaware, I^n-
easter and Lebanon. Pages 383-430.
Inspector. Thomas B. Shaw, Chester, Delaware county.
District No. 9. Composed of the counties of Bucks, Monroe, Mont-
gomery, Northampton aod Pike. Pages 431-470.
Inspector. B. R. Myers, Ogontr., Montgomery county.

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4 ANNUAL REPORT OP THE CHt Doc

District No. 10. Composed of the counties of Berks, Carbon, Lehigh
and Schuylkill. Pages 471-552.
Inspector. Annie E. Leisenring, 41^2 Chew street, Allentown.
District No. 11. Composed of the counties of Lackawanna, Luzerne,
Waynt* and Wyoming. Pages 553-644.
Inspector. E. W. Bishop, Dunmore, Lackawanna county, Pa.
District No. 12. Composed of the counties of Bradford, Cameron,
Clinton, Lycoming, Potter, Sullivan, Susquehanna and Tioga.
Pages 645-706.
Inspector. W. W. English, Wellsboro, Tioga county. Pa.
District No. 13. Composed of the counties of (>?ntre, Columbia, Cum-
berland, Juniata, Mifflin, Montour, Northumberland, Perry, Sny-
der and Union. Pages 707-752.
Inspector. J. K. Robinson, Mifflintown, Juniata county.
District No. 14. Composed of the counties of Adams, Dauphin,
Franklin and York. Pages 758-806.
Inspector. Mary Wagner, 121 South street, Harrisburg.
District No. i5. Composed of the counties of Beaver, Bedford, Fay-
ette, Fulton, Greene, Somerset, Washington and Westmoreland.
Pages 807-858.
Inspector. W. S. MuUin, Hyndman, Bedford county. Pa.
District No. 16. Composed of the counties of Armstrong, Blair, But-
ler, Cambria, Clearfield, Indiana, Jefferson and I^wreoce.
Pages 859-914.
Inspector. T. A. Bradley, lilly, Cambria county, Pa.
District No. 17. Composed of the counties of Clarion, Crawford, Elk,
Erie, Forest, ^fcKean, Mercer, Venango and Warren. Pages
915-976.
Insi>ector. M. N. Baker, Corry, Erie county. Pa.
District No. 18. Composed of all that part of Allegheny county
bounded on the north by county line; east by Allegheny river;
south by the Allegheny and Ohio rivers, and west by the Ohio
river aod county line. Pages 977-1052.
Inspector. Oeorge I. Rudolph, 1406 Western avenue, Allegheny.
District No. 19. All of that portion of Pittsburgh contained in the
Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Eleventh,
Thirteenth, Sixteenth, Nineteenth, Twentieth, Twenty-first,
Twenty-second, Thirty-seventh wards, and Wilkinsburg borough.
Pages 1053-1124.
Inspector. Lucille D. Schafer, 110 Bingham street, Pittsburgh, S. S.
District No. 20. Composed of all that part of the city of Pittsburgh
and the county of Allegheny not included in the 18th and 19th
Districts. Pages 1125 1136.
Inspector. William A. Carney, cor. 32d and McCIurg streets, Pitts-
burgh, S. S.



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Official Document, . No. 15.



FACTORY INSPECTION DISTRICTS.



FOR THE YEAR BEGINNING NOVEMBER 1st, 1901.

District No. 1. Bounded on the north by county line, east by Broad
street, south by Allegheny avenue, east by Schuylkill river, south
by West Chester Railroad to county line, and on the west by
county line.
Inspector. Robert Hamilton, 40 South Coulter St., Phila.
District No. 2. Bounded on the north by county line, east by county
line, south by Delaware river and Lehigh avenue to Broad street,
south along Broad street to Columbia avenue, weet along Co-
lumbia avenue to Schuylkill river, north along Schuylkill river to
Allegheny avenue, east along Allegheny avenue to Broad street,
and north along Broad street to county line.
Inspector. James Knight, Jr., Nicetown and Rising Sun Lane,
Philadelphia.
District No. 3. Bounded on the north by Columbia avenue to Broad
street, north along Broad street to Lehigh avenue, east along
Lehigh avenue to Delaware River, along Delaware river to Vine
street, along Vine street to Schuylkill River, and along Schuyl-
kill river to Columbia avenue.
Inspector. W. S. Godfrey, 2545 Cedar St., Phila.
District No. 4. Bounded on the north by Vine street, east by Dela-
ware river, south by Pine street and west by Seventh street.
Inspector, Thomas A. Lee, 2046 Reed street.
District No. 5. Bounded on the north by Vine street, east by Seventh
street, south by Market street and west by Schuylkill river.
Inspector, Miss Mary S. Glenn, Holmesburg, Phila.
District No. 6. Bounded on the north by Market street, east by Sev-
enth street, south by Pine street and west by Schuylkill river.
Inspector, Mrs. Martha E. R. Keller, 1009 St. Bernard Place.
District No. 7. Bounded on the north h^ Pine street, east by Dela-
ware river, south by Carpenter street, and west by Schuylkill
river.
Inspector. William J. Hughes, 2125 South Ninth street.



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6 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc.

District No. 8. Bounded on the north by West Chester Railroad,
Gray's Ferry Road and Carpenter street, east by t)elaware River,
south by Delaware river and county line and west by county
line.
Inspector. Thomas J. Lappin, 1431 Morris street.
District No. 9. Composed of the counties of Dauphin, Delaware and
Lancaster.
Inspector. Thomas B. Shaw, Chester, Delaware county.
District No. 10. Composed of the counties of Chester, Lebanon, Mont-
gomery and Schuylkill.
Inspector. B. R. Myers, Ogontz, Montgomery county.
District No. 11. Composed of the counties of Berks and Lehigh.

Inspector Annie E. Leisenring, 432 Chew street, Allentown.
District No. 12. Composed of the counties of Bucks, Carbon, Monroe,
Northampton, Pike and Wayne.
Inspector E. R. Penrose, Quakertown, Bucks county.
District No. 13. Composed of the counties of Luzerne and Sullivan.

Inspector J. W. Davis, Plymouth, Luzerne county.
District No. 14. Composed of the counties of Bradford, Lackawanna,
Susquehanna and Wyoming.
Inspector. E. W. Bishop, Dunmore, Lackaw^anna county.
District No. 15. Composed of the counties of Cameron, Clinton, Elk,
Forest, Lycoming, Potter and Tioga.
Inspector. W. W. English, Wellsboro, Tioga county.
District No. 16. Composed of the counties of Centre, Columbia,
Franklin, Huntingdon, Juniata, Mifflin, Montour, Northumber-
land, Perry, Snyder and Union.
Inspector. John K. Robinson, Mifflintown, Juniata county.
District No. 17. Composed of the counties of Adams, Cumberland and
York.
Inspector. Miss Anna White, 327 B. West Market St., York, Pa.
District No. 18. Composed of the counties of Beaver, Bedford, Fay-
ette, Green, Somerset and W^ashington.
Inspector W. S. Mullin, Hyndman, Bedford county.
District No. 19. Composed of the counties of Armstrong, Cambria,
Clarion, Clearfield, Butler, Indiana, Jefferson and Westmore-
land.
Inspector. T. A. Bradley, Lilly, Cambria county.
District No. 20. Composed of the counties of Crawford, Erie, Law-
rence, McKean, Mercer, Venango and Warren.
Inspector. M. N. Baker, liJorry, Erie county. Pa.
District No. 21. Composed of Blair county and all that portion of
Allegheny county south of the Allegheny river and East of the
Pittsburgh city line and the Monongahela river, excepting the
boroughs of Wilkinsburg and Edge wood.
Inspector. E. P. Gamble, Altoona, Blair county.



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No. 15. FACTORY INSPECTOR. 7

District No. 22. All that portion of Allegheny county lying south of

the Ohio and Monongahela rivers.
Inspector. W. A. Carney, cor. 32nd and McClurg Sts., Pittsburgh,

Pa., S. S.
District No. 23. All of the first, second, third and fourth wards of

Allegheny City and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth wards

in the city of Pittsburgh.
Inspector. Lucille D. Schafer, 1110 Bingham street, Pittsburgh,

Pa., S. S.
District No. 24. All of the 6th, 7th, 8th, 11th, 13th, 16th, 19th, 20th,

21st, 22nd, and the 37th wards of Pittsburgh and the boroughs

of Wilkinsburg and Edgewood.
Inspector. Miss Mary Wagner, 276 cor. Craig St. and Centre Ave.,

Pittsburgh, Pa.
District No. 25. All of the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th,

14th and 15th wards of Allegheny City, the 9th, 10th, 12th, 15th,

17th, 18th and 23rd wards of Pittsburgh, and all that portion of

Allegheny county lying north of the Allegheny and Ohio rivers.
Inspector. George I. Rudolph, 1406 Western Ave., Allegheny City,

Pa.



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Official Doc?ument, No. 15.



FACTORY INSPECTOR'S REPORT.



Hamsburg, Penna., November 30, 1901.

To Hon. Wm. A. Stone, Governor of the Commonwealth:

Sir: In compliance with the Act of the General Assembly, I submit
the twelfth annual report of the Department of Factory Inspection
for the year ending October 31, 1901. It is gratifying that I am able
to report the continuation of the prosperous condition of the em-
ployment of labor that existed in 1900. Owing to the sickness of
one of the deputies in Allegheny county, there were establishments
employing over 75,000 people that were not inspected. That number
added to the number of employes reported, would show an increase
over last year.

Accidents.

There were 2,334 accidents reported, 223 less than last year. One
hundred and three of that number were fatal, 10 less than the year
1900. Three hundred and forty-five were serious, 134 less than the
year 1900, and 1,886 were less serious, 79 less than last year. The
law enacted by the last General Assembly gives the Department
more power to investigate accidents and will, in my judgment,
result in more care being taken to guard against accidents, thereby
reducing the number of injuries and fatalities.

Fire Escapes.

Expierience has demonstrated beyond a doubt that for buildings
four or more stories high, the outside, open, iron fire escape is not al-
ways a safe means of escape in case of fire. The late disastrous fire
on Market street, Philadelphia, where the building was properly
equipped with outside, open, iron fire escapes, proved that this
means of escape in case of such a fire was of no account, from the fact
that a number of people were burned to death in attempting to de-
scend the escapes. The General Assembly should enact a law provid-
ing for better means of egress in case of fire for high buildings. The
tower escape, recommended to the Legislature in 1897, by William
C. Haddock, now director of public works, in Philadelphia, is the

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No. 15. FACTORY INSPECTTOR. •

safest and most complete means of egress yet presented to the
public.

In the annual report of 1900 I recommended a number of changes
and additions to the laws governing factory inspection. Most of
them were enacted into law and are now in operation. The addi-
tional work imposed upon the department was wise and just, but
there was a mistake made in not giving the department the amount
of help asked for, and, with the additional work that these new laws
imposed upon the Department, there is not now sufficient force to
give the required care and attention for the proper enforcement of
the laws.

For the two years ending May 31, 1901, there were appropriated
f20.000 for the payment of the traveling expenses, hotel bills, post-
age, expressage, etc., of the twenty deputies and Inspector. There
was an unexpended balance of |2,490.57 of the amount returned to
the State Treasurer.

Very truly yours,

JAMES CAMPBELL,
Factory Inspector.



SUMMAKY OF WORK DONE BY THE FACTORY INSPECTOR'S
DEPARTMENT FROM NOVEMBER 1, 1900, TO OCTOBER 31,
1901.

Whole number employed, 721,727

Subject to factory laws, 696^710

Males subject to factory laws, 535,750

Females subject to factory laws, 160,960

696,710

Under 21 years of age, . , 170,557



Between 16 and 21 years, 134,6

Males between 13 and 16, 19,205

Females between 13 and 16, 16,666

170,557

Number of establishments, 14,907

Number of inspections, 17,615

Number of visits, 2,989



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10 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

Subject to bake shop law, 7,646

Males subject to bake shop law, 6,125

Females subject to bake shop law, 1,420

7,545

Under 21 years of age, 1,857

Between 16 and 21 years, 1,523

Males between 13 and 16, 161

Females between 13 and 16 173

1,857

Number of bake shops, 1,730

Number of inspections, 1,968

Num^ber of visits, 207

Subject to work shop law, 7,868

Males subject to work shop law, 5,042

Females subject to work shop law, 2,816

7,858

Under 21 years of age, 1,412

Between 16 and 21 years, 1,145

Males betw^een 13 and 16, 152

Females between 13 and 16, 115

1,412

Number of work shops, 921

Number of inspections, 1,331

Number of visits, 1,719

Family w^orkers, 9,614

Males, 2,204

Females, 7,410

9,614

Under 21 years 6f age, 1,095

Between 16 and 21 years, 993

Males between 13 and 16, 70

Females between 13 and 16, 32

1,095

Number of houses, 6,119

Number of inspections, 6,119

Whole numher of places inspect-
ed 23,677



Off. Doc.



721,727



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No. 15.



FACTORY INSPECTOR.



Whole number of inspections, . . 27,033

Whole number of visits, 4,916

Total visits and inspections, ' 31,948

I ==

Whole number of orders issued, 15,088

Factory orders, 11,686

Bake shop orders, 898

Work shop orders, 2,504

15,088



Whole number of orders complied with, 14,937

Factory orders, 11,551

Bake shop orders, 882

Work shop orders, 2,504

14,937



Factory Orders.

Issued.

Fire escape, 333

Elevators, : 359

(guarding machinery, 1,356

Boilers ordered inspected, 407

W'ater closets, 380

Sections 2 and 3, 3,748

Seats for women, 23

Miscellaneous, 5,080



11,686



Compiled.


Non C.


300


33


330


29


1,335


21


385


22


370


10


3,748


. ,


23


. ,


5,060


20


11,551


13o



Bake Shop Orders.

Sections 1, 2 and 3, —

Sections 4, 5, 6 and 7,

Section 11 and miscellaneous,



Issued. Compiled. Non C.

511 500 11

50 45 5

337 337



898



882



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12



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE



Off. Doc.



Work Shop Orders.



Fire escapes,

Elevator, . . —

Guarding machinery.

Sanitary orders,

Orders to vacate, . . .
Sections 1, 2 and 3, . .
Miscellaneous,



Bake shop permits issued, .
Work shop permits issued,
Family permits issued, . . . .



Illiterate children dismissed, . .
Certificates issued for children,
Complaints investigated,



• Issued.

21

3

3

1,290

40

752

395



Compiled.

21

3

3

1,290

40

752

395



2,504 2,504



260

500

3,327



Non C.



4,087

208

1,257

217



Accidents for Year Ending October 31, 190L

Fatal, 103

Serious, 345

Less serious, 1,886



2.334



DECISION OF JUDGE BIDDLE, OF PHILADELPHIA, IN RE
COMMONWEALTH VS. ROBERT BEATTY AND JOHN R.
BEATTY.



Commonwealth
vs.
Robert Beatty and John R.
Beatty.



The following decision in reference
yto the Factory Law of 1897 will ex-
plain itself:



DEMURRER TO INDICTMENT.

The indictment in this case charges the defendants with the viola-
tion of the provisions of the act of Assembly of April 29th, 1897. The



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No. 15. FACTORY INSPECTOR. 18

pertinent sections of this kct which are charged to be violated are
comprised in the first and fourteenth sections, to-wit:

Section 1. That no minor, male or female, or adult woman, shall
be employed at labor or detained in any manufacturing establish-
ment, mercantile industry, laundry, work shop, renovating works
or printing office, for any longer period than twelve hours in any day,
nor for a longer period than sixty hours in any week.

Section 14. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this
act, or who suffers any child or female to be employed in violation of
its provisions, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on con-
viction shall be punished by a fine of not more than |500.

To this the defendants have demurred, contending, inter alia, that
the act, in so far as it applies to adult women, is contrary to the Con-
stitution of the State of Pennsylvania, because it is an unjust inter-
ference with her right of acquiring and possessing property and pur-
suing her own happiness; that it is also contrary to the Constitution
of the United States, because it is an attempt to deprive her of lib-
erty and property without due process of law.

The title of the act of April 29th, 1897, is "An act to regulate the
employment and provide for the health and safety of men, women
and children in manufacturing establishments, mercantile industries,
laundries and renovating works and printing offices, and to provide
for the appointment of insi)ectors, office clerks and others to enforce
the same."

So that the object of the enactment as expressed by the Legislature
is "to provide for the health and safety of men, women and children"
in certain kinds of labor. This exercise of power, if it exists at all,
must be deprived from the police power of the State, and the real
question here is whether it has been properly exercised.

In the great manufacturing State of Massachusetts, see Common-
wealth vs. Hamilton Mfg. Co., 120 Mass. 383, in considering an almost



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