Pennsylvania. Dept. of Factory Inspection.

Annual report of the Factory Inspector of the Commonwealth of ..., Volume 8 online

. (page 4 of 93)
Online LibraryPennsylvania. Dept. of Factory InspectionAnnual report of the Factory Inspector of the Commonwealth of ..., Volume 8 → online text (page 4 of 93)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


with proper diligence upon the part of such proprie-
tors, and notice to the last known address of such
owner, agent or lessee, shall be deemed sufficient for
the purpose of this act.

Section 10. A copy of this act shall be conspicuously
posted and kept posted in each work room of every
bread, cake, or pie bakery, or confectionery establish-
ment, in this State.

Section 11. Any person who violates any of the pro-
visions of this act, or refuses to comply with any re-
quirements, as provided herein, of the Factory Ihsx)ec-
tor or his deputy, who are hereby charged with the
enforcement of this act, excepting section seven, shall
be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction before
any justice of the peace, magistrate, alderman, mayor
or burgess, shall be punished by a fine of not less than
twenty nor more than fifty (foO) dollars, for a first of-
fense; and not less than fifty ($50) nor more than one
hundred (flOO) dollars for a second offense, or impris-
onment for not more than ten (10) days; and for a
third offense, by a fine of not less than two hundred and
fifty (|250) dollars and more than thirty (30) days im-
prisonment.

Section 12. All the acts or parts of acts inconsistent
with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed.

Approved-— The 4th day of April, A. D. 1901.

JAMES CAMPBELL, WILLIAM A. STONE.

Factory Inspector,
Office at Harrisburg, Pa.
3—15—1901



Those affected
with consumption
and other diseases
shall not be em«
ployed.



Duty of Board cf
Health.



Certiflcate "of In-
spector.



Duty of owner,
agent or lessee.



Copy of this act
to be posted.



Misdemeanor.



Fines and pen-
alty.



Repeal.



Digitized by



Google



34



ANNUAL UEPORT OF THE



Off. Doc.



8I:M I MONTHLY PAY LAW OF 1887.



AN ACT



Waife-workers to
be paid In lawful
money.



And on the 15th
and 30th days of
ea-^h month, in
full.



Liability In case
of neerlect or re-
fusal to so pay.



Repeal.



To provide for the semi-monthly payment of wage-
workers.

Section 1. Be it enacted, etc., That from and after a
period of two months subsequent to the date of the
passage of this act, every individual, firm, association
or corporation, employing wage-workers, skilled or
ordinary laborers engaged at manual or clerical work,
in the business of mining or manufacturing, or any
other employe, shall make payment in lawful money
of the United States to the said employes, laborers and
wage-workers, or to their authorized representatives;
the first payment to be made between the first and fif-
teenth, and the second payment between the fifteenth
and thirtieth of each month, the full net amount of
wages or earnings due said employes, laborers and
wage-workers upon the first and fifteenth instant of
each and every month wherein such payments are
made; And in case any individual, firm, corporation,
association or other employer shall neglect or refuse
to make payment upon the dates herin set forth, to
wage-w^orkers, laborers or other employes, employed
by or with the authority of such individual, firm, cor-
poration, association or other employer, then such
amount of wages or earnings shall be and become a
legal claim against such individual, firm, corporation,
association or other employer, and shall be recoverable
by law, with interest from the date such amount is
due.

Section 2. All acts, or portions of acts, in conflict or
inconsistent with this act, be and the same are hereby
repealed.

Approved— The 23d day of May, A. D. 1887.

JAMES A. BEAVER.



Digitized by



Google



No. 15. FACTORY INSPECTOR. S6



AMENDMENT TO SEMI MONTHLY PAY LAW,

1891.



AN AMENDMENT

To an act, entitled "An act to provide for tlie semi-
monthly payment of wage-workers," approved the
twenty-third day of May, Anno Domini one thousand
eight hundred and eighty-seven, and providing a
penalty for its violation.

Section 1. Be it enacted, etc., That the first section Act of Md umy,
of an act, entitled "An act to provide for the semi- for repeal.'
monthly- payments of wage-workers," approved the
twenty-third day of May, Anno Domini one thousand
eight hundred and eighty-seven, which reads as fol-
lows, namely :

"Section 1. Be it enacted, etc.. That from and after a
period of two months subsequent to the date of the
passage of this act, every individual, firm, association
or corporation, employing wage-workers, skilled or
ordinary laborers engaged at manual or clerical work,
in the business of mining or manufacturing, or any
other employes, shall make payment in lawful money
of the United States to the said employes, laborers
and wage workers, or to their authorized representa-
tives; the first payment to be made between the first
and fifteenth, and the second payment between the fif-
teenth and thirtieth of each month, the full amount
of wages or earnings due said employes, laborers and
wage-workers upon the first and fifteenth instant of
€*ach and every month wherein such payments are
made. And in case any individual, firm, corporation,
association or other employer shall neglect or refuse
to make payment upon the dates herein set forth, to
wage-workers, laborers or other employes, employed
by or with the authority of such individual, firm, cor-
poration, association or other employer, then such
amount of wages or earnings shall be and become a
legal claim against such individual, firm, corporation,
association or other employer, and shall be recoverable
bv law, with interest from the date such amount is



Digitized by



Google



36



ANNUAL TwEPORT OF THE



Off. Doc.



Payment to be
made semi-
monthly.



Date of pay-
ment.



Refusal to make
payment.



Penalty for re-
fusal.



Assignment of
future wages not
valid



Agreement reliev-
ing Arms, etc.,
not valid.



Factory Inspector
shall bring action.



Citlsens may
bring action.



due/' be amended so that the same shall read as fol-
lows, namely:

Section L That from and after a period of two
months subsequent to the date of the passage of this
act, every individual, firm, association or corporation
employing wage-workers, skilled or ordinary, laborers
engaged at manual or clerical work, in the business
of mining or manufacturing, or any other employes,
shall make payment in lawful money of the United
State® to the said employes, laborers and wage-work-
ers, or to their authorized representatives; the first
payment to be made between the first and fifteenth,
and the second pjiyment between the fifteenth and thir-
tieth of each month, the full net amount of wages or
earnings due said employes, laborers and wage-work-
ers upon the first and fifteenth instant of each and
every month wherein such payments are made. And
in case any individual, firm, corporation or association
or other employer shall refuse to make payment when
demanded, upon the dates herein set forth, to wage-
workers, laborers or other employes employed by or
with the authority of such individual, firm, corporation
or association or other employer, the said indi\id'ual,
the members of the firm, the directors, officers and
superintendents or managers of said corporations and
associations, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and
upon conviction shall be sentenced to pay a fine not to
exceed two hundred dollars.

Section 2. No assignment of future wages payable
semi-monthly under the provisions of this act, shall be
valid, nor shall any agi'eement be valid that relieves
the said firms, individuals, corporations, or associa-
tions from the obligation to pay serai-monthly, and in
the lawful money of the Ignited States.

Section 3. It is hereby made the duty of the Factory
Inspector and his deputies to bring actions in the
name of the Commonwealth, againut every individual,
firm, corporation and association violating the pro-
visions of this law% upon the request of any citizen of
this Commonwealth. T'pon his failure to do so, any
citizen of this Commonwealth is hereby authorized to
do so in the name of the Commonwealth.

Section 4. All laws or parts of laws inconsistent with



Digitized by



Google



No. 15.



FACTORY INSPECTOR.



87



the provisions of this act be and the same are hereby i**i>«»>-
repealed.
Approved— The 20th day of May, A. D. 1891.

ROBT. E. PATTISON.



FIRE ESCAPE LAW OF 1885.



AN ACT

To amend an act, entitled "A supplement to an act,
entitled 'An act to provide for the better security
of life and limb in cases of fire in hotels and other
buildings,' approved the eleventh day of June, Anno
Domini one thousand eight hundred and seventy-
nine, providing additional means of escape," approv-
ed the first day of June, Anno Domini one thousand
eight hundred and eighty-three.

Section 1. Be it enacted, etc., That section one of said
act which reads as follows: **That in addition to the
means provided in section one of the act to which this
is a supplement, it shall be the duty of the owners of
such hotels, the owners of such seminaries, colleges,
academies, hospitals, asylums, store-houses, factories,
manufactories or work-shops, or tenement houses, and
of the board of school directors of the proper school
district, to provide and cause to be affixed to every
such building, and securely fastened to inside of each
six window-heads, one chain ten feet in length, securely
fastened attached to which shall be a rope one or
more inches in thickness of sufficient length to reach
the ground for the third and every additional story of
all such buildings referred to in said act. And said
ropes to be carefully coiled up at all times to remain
on the inside of sill of the window to which they are
secured. And for their protection such ropes may be
kept in a box on said sill of said window, but at no
time shall such box be locked: Provided, That the par-
ties under whose supervision the erection of these es-
eai>e8 is placed by law, shall locate them at suitable
points on each floor of such building: Provided, That



Section 1 of act of
June Ist. 1883.
cited for amend-
ment.



Digitized by



Google



38 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Off. Doc.

all hotels shall be provided with such ropes and chains
in each room above the second story of said hotels,"
be amended so as to read as follows:
Certain buildings Scction 1. That in addition to the means of escape
with^cha°n^nd required in section one of the act to which this is a
J?rthereof.* " supplement, it shall be the duty of the owner or own-
ers, in fee or for life, of every building constructed
more than two stories high and used or intended to be
used as a hotel, factory, manufactory, workshop, tene-
ment house, school, seminary, college, academy, hos-
pital, asylum, hall or place of amusement, and of the
trustee or trustees of every estate, association, society,
college, academy, hospital or asylum, owning or using
any building constructed more than two stories high,
and used or intended to be used for any of said pur-
poses, and of the board of education or board of school
directors, having charge of any building constructed
more than two stories high and used or intended to
TJlSd *° ^ ^^ "®^ ^® ^ public school, to provide and cause
to be securely affixed to a bolt through the
wall over the wdndow-head inside of at least
one window, in each room, on the third floor, and
in each room on each higher floor of every such build-
SSin*£nd°rope. ^°^> ^ chaiu at Icast ten feet in length, with a rope at
least one inch in diameter securely attached thereto of
To be approved Sufficient length to extend to the ground, or such other
cJmmf88?onenI!°^^ appliance as may be approved by the board of fire com-
missioners of any city or county having a board of fire
commissioners; or by the county commissioners of
any county where there is no board of fire commis-
when third, or sioucrs: Providcd however. That when the third floor,

higher floor Is not t.-i^ £ vv-u- • ii_

Bub-divided into or any higher floor, of any such building is not sub-
rooms then at ,..,,. , , . ?

least six windows divided luto rooms, then at least six windows on each

on each floor to '

fl?e'^escipe2 as^ ^^ ^^^^ floors shall be provided with such chains and
Kr*Jaid^co£miir-*** ropes, or such other appliances as may be approved by
sioners. ^^^ board of fire commissioners, or by the county com-

missioners of any county, where no board of fire com-
Rooms on third, missioucrs shall exist: And provided further, That

or higher, floor xi. i.T. • j ^ i . i.

than three win- whenever auv room on the third floor, or on any higher

dow8. shall have " > ^ o

one out of every floor of auv such building shall contain more than

three windows so * ^

provided as afore- ^i^^eQ wiudows, thcu at Icast One window, out of every
three windows, in every such room, shall be provided
with such chain and rope or such other appliance as
may be approved by any board of fire commissioners,
or by the county commissioners of any county, having



Digitized by



Google



No. 15. factohy inspector. j»

no board of fire commissioners. And each of such ro^J.^Sc.^to be

ropes shall be coiled and kept in an unlocked box in an *'*^*-

unobstructed place, near the inside sill of the window

to which such rope is attached. And in all hotels,

factories, manufactories, workshops, schools, semina- Hotels, factories.

ries, colleges, hospitals, asylums, halls or places of properry iigbtS

.1.1. 1 *' night.

amusement, or other places mentioned m this act, the
hallways and stairways shall be properly lighted at i^^tion and de-
night, and at the head and foot of each flight of stairs, »<^'^'p*««° <>' »«»»••
and at the intersection of all hallways with main corri-
dors, shall be kept during the night a red light; and one

, 1 1 * i_ . 1 J Alarms or gongs

or more proper alarms or gongs capable of being heard to be kept ready

throughout the building shall always remain easy of

access and ready for use in each of said buildings to

give notice to the Inmates in case of fire. And every

keeper of such hotel, factory, manufactory, workshop, Notice descriptive

school, seminary, college, hospital, asylum, hall or kep?*^po8?ed°in a

xi.111 i.j- • conspicuous place

place of amusement, shall keep posted in a conspicuous m each sleeping

place in every sleeping room a notice descriptive of

such means of escape. And the board of fire commis- p,^ commission-

sioners and the county commissioners of any county t^mis^^n

having no board of fire commissioners, shall have the SSfon^of^ffre® is-

right to designate the location of the chains and ropes ^*^''

or such other appliances in conformity with this act

to be attached to any building under the provisions of

this act, and shall grant certificates of approval to ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^,^

every person, firm, corporation, trustee, board of edu- them)f!^ approval

cation, and board of school directors, complying with

the requirements of this act, which certificates shall

relieve the party or parties to whom the same shall be

issued from the liabilities, fines, damages and impris- ^^^^^ ^^ certiA-

onment imposed by this act. ^**® °^ approval.

That section two of said act which reads as follows:
**Evei'y person whose duty it is by the first section of
this act to provide ropes and chains in the manner pre-
scribed, and every school district shall also be liable in
an action for damages in case of death or personal in-
jury sustained, in consequence of fire breaking out in
any such building, and of the absence of such ropes
and chains; and such action may be maintained by any
person now authorized by law to sue in other cases of
similar injuries. All persons failing to comply with
the provisions of this act shall be liable to a penalty
not exceeding three hundred dollars, to be collected as
fines and forfeitures are now by Ijiw collectible," be
amended so as (o read as follows:



Digitized by



Google



40



ANNUAL REPORT OP THE



Off. Doc.



Neglect or refusal
to comply with
act declared a
mlBdemeanor pun-
ishable by a fine
of and Imprison-
ment, both or
either.



Llalblllty for
damages sustain-
ed by neglect of
fusal to provide
Are escapes.



By whom such
action may be
maintained.



Section 3 of act of
June Ist, 1883. re-
pealed.



Section 2. That every person, corporation, trustee,
board of education, and board of school directors, ne-
glecting or refusing to comply with the requirements
of the first section of this act, shall be liable to a fine
not exceeding three hundred dollars, to be collected as
fines are now by law collectible, and shall also be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by im-
prisonment for not less than one month, nor more than
twelve months. And in case of fire occurring in any
such building not provided with the chains and ropes,
or such other appliances as may be required by any
board of fire commissioners, or by the county commis-
sioners of any county where no board of fire commis-
sioners shall exist, in accordance with the require-
ments with the fii^st section of thi» act, the pei-son
persons, trustee, trustees, corporation, board of edu-
cation, or board of school directors, who or which, ne-
glected or refused to provide such building with the
chains and ropes, or such other appliances as afore-
said, shall be liable in an action for damages in case
of death or personal injury being caused in conse-
quence of such fire breaking out in said building, and
such action may be maintained by any person or per-
sons now authorized by law to sue in other cases for
injuries caused by neglect of duty.

That section three of said act which reads as fol-
lows :

^'Section 3. That from and after the passage of this
act the tenant or lessees of any building used for the
purpose of manufacturing, hotel, boarding house,
seminary, or other building, which is required by law
to have fire escai)es attached, and to which such fire
escapes have not been erected after giving the land-
lord or his agent thirty days' notice to erect and main-
tain suitable fire escapes, and on his refusal or neglect
to erect the same within the time specified in said
notice, niay erect and maintain suitable and legal fire
escapes and collect the cost of erection and mainte-
nance from the landlord or his agent, in an action the
same as for debt, or may set off the cost thereof against
rent then due or thereafter coming due,''. be and the
same is hereby repealed.

Approved— The 3d day of June, A. D. 1885.

ROBT. E. TATTISON.



Digitized by



Google



No. 15. FACTORY INSPECTOR. 41



SUPPLEMENT TO FIRE ESCAPE LAW, 1885.



AN ACT

To amend an act, entitled "An act to provide for the
better security of life and limb in cases of fire in
hotels and other buildings," approved eleventh day
of June, Anno Domini one thousand eight hundred
and seventy-nine.

Section 1. Be it enacted, etc., That section one of said section i of act
act which reads as follows: "That all the following de- ?ited"?or amende
scribed buildings within this Commonwealth, to-wit:
Every building used as a seminary, college, academy,
hospital, asylum, or hotel for the accommodation of
the public, every storehouse, factory, manufactory or
workshop of any kind in which employes or operators
are usually employed at work in the third or any
higher story, every tenement house or building in
which rooms or floors are usually let to lodgers or
families, and every public school building, when any
such buildings are three or more stories in height, shall
be provided with a safe external means of escape there-
from in case of fire. And it shall be the duty of the
owners or keepers of such hotels, of the owners, super-
intendents or managers of such seminaries, colleges,
academies, hospitals, asylums, storehouses, factories,
manufactories or workshops, of the ownei*s or land-
lords of such tenement house of their agents, and of
the board of school directors of the proper school dis-
tricts, to provide and cause to be affixed to every such
buildings such permanent fire esc*ape," be amended so
as to read as follows:

Section 1. That all the following described buildings bSndipKJ'^S^be
within this Commonwealth, to-wit: Every building S^aS^nr^re

, . ,, J 1 -x 1 1 external Are es-

used as a seminary, college, academy, hospital, asylum, capes.
or hotel for the accommodation of the public, every
store-house, factory, manufactory or workshop of any
kind in which employes or operatives are usually em-
ployed at work in the-third or any higher story. Every
tenement house or building in which rooms or floors
are usually let to lodgers or families, every public hall
or place of amusement, every parochial or public
4



Digitized by



Google



42



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE



Otf . Doc.



Number and lo-
cation to be de-
termined by size
of bulldingr and
number of In-
mates.



Description of.



Certain buildings
have two or more
such escapes.



Duty of owners,
trustees, etc., to
provide and cause
to be securely af-
fixed such es-
capes.



Any escape ap-
proved by the
proper authorities
may be adopted in
place of those
designated.



Section 2 of act
June 11, 1879.
cited for amend-
ment.



school building, when any of such buildings are three
or more stories in height, shall be provided with a per-
manent, safe external means of escape therefrom, in
case of fire independent of all internal stairways; the
number and location of such escapes to be governed by
the size of the building, and the number of its inmates,
and arranged in such a way as to make them readily
accessible, safe and adequate for the escape of said in-
mates. Such escapes to consist of outside, open, iron
stairway, of not more than forty-five degrees slant,
with steps not less than six inches in width and twenty-
four inches in length. And all of said buildings capa-
ble of accommodating from one hundred to five hun-
dred or more persons as operatives, guests or inmates,
shall be provided with two such stairways, and more
than two stairways, if such be necessary to secure the
speedy and safe escape of said inmates, in case the in-
ternal stairways are cut off by fire or smoke. And it
shall be the duty of the owner or owners in fee or for
life, of every such building, and of the trustee or trus-
tees of every estate, association, society, college, semi-
nary, academy, hospital or asylum, owning or using
any such building, and of the board of education or
board of school directors having charge of any such
school building, to provide and cause to be securely
affixed outside of every such building such permanent
external unenclosed fire escape: Provided, That noth-
ing herein contained shall prohibit any person whose
duty it is under this act to erect fire escapes, from se-
lecting and erecting any other and different devise, de-
sign or instrument, being a permanent, safe, external
means of escape, subject to the inspection and ap-
proval of the constituted authorities for that purpose.
That section two of said act which reads as follows:
"It shall be the duty of the board of fire commissioners
in conjunction with the fire marshal of the district,
where such commissioners and fire marshal are elected
or appointed, to first examine and test such fire es-
capes, and, after upon trial, said fire escape should
prove satisfactory, then the said fire marshal in con-
nection with the fire commissioners, or a majority of
them, shall grant a certificate approving said fire es-
cape: Provided further. That in districts where no
such fire marshal and fire commissioners exist, then
the school directors in each said district shall be the



Digitized by



Google



No. 15. FACTORY INSPECTOR. 43

beard of examiners and upon their certificate or a
majority of them of approval of said fire escape shall
be suflBcient authority for the erection of said fire es-
cape in said district," be amended so as to read as fol-
lows:

Section 2. It shall be the duty of the board of fire 2^i2f*iS'*fl"''
commissioners in conjunction with the fire marshal of comSuliiJne™'^*
the district where such commissioners and fire marshal ^^^ marshal,
are elected or appointed, to first examine and test such
fire escape or escapes, and, after upon trial said fire
escape or escapes should prove to be in accordance if approved, cer-
with the requirements of section one of this act, then gr^Vd. °
the said fire marshal, in connection with the fire com-
missioners, or a majority of them, shall grant a certifi- Effect of certifi-



Online LibraryPennsylvania. Dept. of Factory InspectionAnnual report of the Factory Inspector of the Commonwealth of ..., Volume 8 → online text (page 4 of 93)