Pennsylvania. Dept. of Internal Affairs Pennsylvania. Bureau of Industrial Statistics.

Annual report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs of the ..., Volume 11 online

. (page 26 of 33)
Online LibraryPennsylvania. Dept. of Internal Affairs Pennsylvania. Bureau of Industrial StatisticsAnnual report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs of the ..., Volume 11 → online text (page 26 of 33)
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Leg. Doc.]

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Leg. Doc.] Coal — Bituminous. 107a


J. Simpson Africa, Secretary of Internal Affairs of the Commonwealth

of Pennsylvania :

Sir : In accordance with the provisions of the ventilation law, as re-
cently amended, calling for the reports of the mine inspectors of the bitumi-
nous regions, I have the honor herewith to tran«imit my report for the ten
months ending October 31, 1883, of the condition and production of the
mines in the Fourth District, now comprising the counties of Bradford,
Blair, Centre, Clinton, Huntingdon, Lycoming, Potter, Tioga, and Sulli-
van, Cambria county having been placed in the new Fifth District.

In response to the circulars sent out calling for the returns showing pro-
duction, number of men employed, &c., during the ten months, the re-
sponses have been very generous, and the table accompanying this will
be found to be as nearly accurate as possible. Last year the number of
mines was ninety, this year the number is fifty-six, owing to Cambria
county being cut off, consequently the production of coal in this district is
not near so much as the corresponding period of last year.

New avenues for bringing coal to market are being opened. During the
year the Addison and North Pennsylvania Railroad Company have built a
narrow-guage road from Addison on the New York, Lake Erie and
Western railroad to the mines operated by the Gaines Coal and Coke Com-
pany in Gaines township, Tioga county. The Beech Creek, Clearfield and
South-western railroad is expected to be finished so as to carry coal by the
first of April, and this road will open the extensive coal fields lying west
of Snowshoe, Centre county, and also a large territory in Clearfield county.
The Keating and Karthaus railroad, extending from Keating on the Phila-
delphia and Erie railroad to Karthaus, Clearfield county, will open quite a
large oal field in that section of country.

The condition of the mines during the year has, on the whole, been
good, and the companies operating the large mines have endeavored to do
what is right and proper in regard to ventilating their mines ; but with
some of the small operators there is more or less trouble in getting them
to conform to the mining laws and to keep their mines in working shape.

The total number of accidents for the ten months was thirty-three,
eight of which resulted fatally, and will be more fully explained in another
part of the report. The production of coal for the same time is estimated
at 2,320,000 tons, and will, I think, be nearly correct.

From the circulars received I have made out the following table :

Number of mines in the district, 56

Number of persons employed inside, 4,128

Number of persons employed outside, . . , . 976

Total number of persons employed, 6,104

Digitized by


108a Intebnal Affairs — Industbial Statistics. [No. 7.

Number of mules, inside and outside, 444

Number of fatal accidents, 8

Number of non-fatal accidents, 26

Production in tons, (2,000 pounds each,) 2,320,000

Number of tons per fatal accident, 290,000

Number of tons per non-fatal accident, . . 89,230

Average number of days worked during the year, 188

Average price paid per ton for mining, 55 cents*

Number of coke ovens in the district, 661

Accompanying this report will be found a map of the Blair Iron and
Coal Company's mine at Bennington, also a plan showing plane, trestles,
&c., of the same work. These were kindly furnished by Mr. John Fulton,
general mining engineer of the Cambria Iron Company.

Mr. F. F. Lyon, general manager of the Towanda Coal Company, has
also furnished a map of No. 3 mine at Barclay, Bradford county.

Very respectfully yours,


Towanda, December i2d^ 188S.

Bfirelajr Allncs.

These mines are owned and operated by the Towanda Coal Company
and have worked steadily during the past year. Two of the four mines
are nearly all pillar work, but will last for a considerable time. In the
other two mines there is a large body of solid coal yet unworked. The
mines at present are producing at least one thousand tons of coal per day.
Condition of mines good, both as regards ventilation and drainage. F. F.
Lyon, general manager.

I«oii0 Vallcjr Mine.

This mine is at present working well. The men were out on strike for
six weeks last spring. Since my last report, a great deal of work has been
done in this mine, and now both drainage and ventilation are good. The
vein lies very irregular, and on account of the dips encountered, there are
p^mps worked by mule power, to keep the dip workings free from water.
They are working at present in a good body of coal. The Long Valley
Coal Company are now operating this work. Edward Macfarlane, gen-
eral superintendent.

Fail Creek.

This company is doing but very little at present, there being nothing
but gangway pillars, and only a few men employed.

Sobraeder Mines.

These mines have not worked more than half time during the year, and

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Lbq. Doc] Coal — Bituminous. 109a

the prospects do not 'seem to brighten. They are now working on the re-
turn, taking out pillars. The condition of mines is fair, well looked after,
and everything done in a proper manner. R. A. Abbott, general manager.


These mines have been in operation about two thirds of the year. Three
of the mines are chiefly confined to taking out pillars, which will soon be
worked out. The other drift contains the greater portion of the men, which,
owing to the seam being so thin, much ground has to be gone over in the
course of a year. A large water-way was blasted up during the early spring,
and now they are not troubled with water at all. Condition of mines good
in every respect, and everything well looked after. G. H. Piatt, general
manager and superintendent.


These mines have been working very steadily during the year. In No.
1 mine, two headings have been pushed eastward and one southward, and
a large body of good coal opened up, but owing to the nature of this coal
field, the headings cannot be driven with the same regularity as in other
more favorable localities, but have followed the sinuosities of the several
local basins that are found here. These mines are in good condition. J.
O. Blight, General manager. '

Fall Broolc.

These two mines are now confined to pillar work, but as they cover a
large territory, they will last for a considerable length of time. The con-
dition of the mines is not very good, but in all other respects the3' are
well looked after.

Morris Run.

These mines are very extensive, and a great number of men are employed
here. The Harrison coal-cutting machines still do good work in the Slope
mine, and in the Salt Lake mine. Considerable work has been done during
the year in draining the slope workings, and now quite an additional body
of coal has been opened up. The ventilation was not very good at the time
of my last visit. W. S. Mearing, general manager.


At these mines the work has been tolerably fair during the year, and they
are capable of turning out a large amount of coal. No. 1 mine consists of
pillars, and employs about twenty-five men and boys. No. 2 drift is in for
a long distance, and is continually opening up some very fine coal.

In No. 3 drift there are over four hundred men and boys at work, and
the coal is hauled out by a locomotive, and it does remarkable work.
This locomotive will haul, in a trip, one hundred and twenty-five cars to
the " water-level " heading, and at this place thirty cars are cut off for use,
and the balance of the trip hauled up to ^^ No. 15.'' At the present time

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llCa Internal Affairs — Indcstrial Statisticb. [No. 7,

the engine is bringing ft'om eight to nine hundred tons of coal per day to
the chutes, and in the course of another month it will be able to bring out
one thousand tons of coal per day, as they are making arrangements where-
by a greater amount of coal can be brought down to the " water-level " by
means of mules. Owing to the grade ftrom the water-level to ** No. 15 "
bein^ so great, it is not possible for the engine to take more than about
ninety cars without being subject to a great strain, while the grade from
the drift-mouth to the water-level will enable them to take in a larger trip
than they are now doing.

These mines are in excellent condition, roads are a proper height, the
drainage good, and the ventilation first class in every respect, and it speaks
well for those in charge of the mines.

The chutes outside have been enlarged, and a double track, six hundred
feet in length, has been laid from chutes to drift-mouth, and covered over
to protect it from the snow storms. Henry J. Landrus, general superin-


There has been steady work at these mines during the year, and a large
amount of coal produced. The locomotive at the Slope mine has been
abandoned, as during the year a tunnel has been made to connect with the


This is a now work opened during the year, and owned and operated by
the Gaines Coal and Coke Company. They have been shipping coal for
the last three months ; the vein is about three feet in thickness, and is free
ftrom bone or slate.

There is a narrow-guage road built from Addison, New York, to the
mines, and the coal is shipped to various points along the Erie railroad.
P. A. Jordan, superintendent.

R«noTO Mines.

These mines have been closed since the month of May.


These works have been operated steadily during the year, and a large
amount of coal shipped.

The difficulties which they had to contend with in No. 8 mine, in the way
of faults, Ac, have been overcome, and they are at work on quite a large
body of coal. There are only a few men at work in No. 10 mine, and the
condition of the mine was fair. In Sugar Camp mine the greater portion
of the men are at work, and they ship a considerable amount of coal. Ven-
tilation in this mine pretty good.

A new drift has been put in during the year, but no coal has been shipped
from it as yet. The town of Snow-Shoe seems to be enjoying a boom at
present, on account of the new mines projected in the vicinity, and with the
completion of the new Beech Creek and Clearfield railroad passing through,
it seems as though the place would attain to some importance. G. S. Ram-
sey, superintendent.

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Leg. Doc.l Coal — Bituminous. Ilia

Somenrille Mine.

At the time of my last visit this mine was found in good condition, cut-
throughs being made in the pillars every twenty yards. The coal in this
mine will run from five to six feet in thickness, and is got down without
blasting. The mine, if run to its full capacity, is capable of producing five
hundred tons of coal per day. James L. Somerville, superintendent.

Steriinfj^y Nos. 3 and 4>.

These mines were not in operation from April4;o September, but are now
at work again. Condition of mines at the time of my last visit fair.

Mear** Miney

Opposite Sterling, No. 3, at the time of my last visit, was not shipping

Bla«k Dtamond.

This old mine is nearly exhausted, and the airway leading to the furnace
was allowed to close, so that they are now dependent on natural ventilation
from the old drift. The condition of the mine is not very good. About
thirty miners are employed here at present.


The condition of this mine was not very good at the time of my last
visit, but it worked steady during the year, the coal being chiefly used in
supplying the engines on the branch roads in Clearfield county.

Bojmton Mines, Nos. 1 and 9*

These works have been closed during the year.


These mines worked very irregular during the year. Ventilation of
mines fair. Drainage very bad. A new shaft has been sunk near the face
of the work, and a furnace has been built. A shaft has also been sunk from
No. 8 to No. 1 mine. (No. I mine is the seam of coal below No. 3 mine.)
Much work has been done during the year in following one of the great
troughs in the mine, and a new railway has been made so as to bring the
loaded coal all to one side of the shaft. The pumps have also been removed
from the shaft further down into the sump. James Findley, superintendent
of mines.

Carbon Mines*

There is nothing new to record about these mines. They are about in
the same condition as last reported. The coal in their new mine is very
good. Work at these mines is not steady.


This mine has not been worked during the year, the Reed Bros, having
surrendered their lease.

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112a Internal Affairs — Industrial Statistics. [No. 7,


This mine has been closed more or less all the summer, but is now at
work again. Considerable improvements have been made in the roads,
&c. About twenty men are employed here. David E. Conrad, superin-

Oeean Mine.

Not much can be said about this mine. Ventilation fair. A new head-
ing, now being made, is expected to open up a good body of coal. Work
has been steady at this place. W. H. Sweet, superintendent.


This mine is the worst to be found in this region, no system of working
adopted. The rooms are turned off at all angles, and pillars are not suffi-
ciently strong to resist any great weight. I pointed out the imperfections
to be found in this respect, and was assured that things should be better
looked after in future. The coal is very good, and with proper manage-
ment a first-class mine could be made of it.


This mine is in good condition and well looked after. An opening has
been made on the top of the hill, and the ventilation is much improved.
Another opening will soon be made in the main heading. Two new drifts
have been put in during the year, and now there is only needed a road to
be built, and the capacity of the works can be doubled. The coal is coked,
and used in the new furnace at Saxton.

Porter Sliaft.

The ventilation of this mine has been improved by cutting into the works
of the Blair Iron and Coal Company. The work has been very slack at
this place during the year.

Bennington •

The shaft-house, coal-bins, &c., at this place were destroyed by fire in
the month of May, and since then a slope has been put down. Work com-
menced October 30.


Work has been steady at this place this year. The main heading is now
in for a considerable distance, and a good body of coal is struck by this
time. Ventilation of mine fair.

Glen UVtkiU.

The old shaft at this place has been finished during the year. A new
drift has been put in the opposite side of the creek^ and now there are quite
a number of men employed. A very bad fault had been struck in the main
beading, and also in one of the cross-headings. Ventilation of mine good.

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Leg. Doc. J Coal — Bituminous. 113a

Horse Slioe Mines.

The condition of these mines has been improved during the year, and
when the slope at the lower mine is finished, they will be in much better
shape for handling coal.

Ne-vr Mines and Improventents.

The Gaines Coal and Coke Company have opened two new mines in
Gaines township, Tioga county, and are now shipping coal.

The two mines are connected, and one furnace ventilates both. The coal
will average nearly three feet in height, and is free from bone or slate.
Worked on the double-heading system, and the mines are well laid out.

Berwind, White & Co., have put in a new drift at Snow Shoe, Centre
county, and are now opening out the same.

James Pope, also of Snow Shoe, has just put in a new drift, but will not
be able to ship coal for a considerable time.

The Clearfield Coal Company have put in five drifts in Centre county,
and have built quite^ a large town eight miles west of Snow Shoe.

This company will not be able to ship coal until the Beach Creek, Clear-
field and South-Western railroad is completed to the mines, which will be
some time during next year.

W. J. Jackson, of Black Diamond mine, has put in a new drift at Powelton,
Centre county, and will put in machinery to haul the coal from the drift-
mouth to the chutes, as the grade is too steep to haul with mules.

S. C. Baker & Co. have driven their new slope entirely through the hill,
aflbrding excellent drainage ; the railroad is also graded to the mine, and
they are almost ready for shipment.

At the old mine, on the Miller vein, they have put down a slope that will
cut off their old workings and shorten their haulage. Machinery is being
put in, and things generally look a little brighter.

The Glen White Coal Company have opened a new drift and built a good
furnace. A plane and tramway have also been built during the year. It
is also the intention of this company to put in another drift to work out a
piece of coal that has been left for over twenty years. The product of this
mine is used in making coke, and a good article is produced.

The Blair Iron and Coal Company have finished their new slope ; this
mine is in Bed " B " (Miller seam,) and was formerly worked by a shaft
one hundred feet deep. The shaft-house, with all its accessory appliances,
was destroyed by fire May 17. Operations were resumed October 30, 1883.

The mine is now worked by a slope, which reaches the coal above level
of water in the abandoned shaft. The bottom of slope is thirty-six feet
five inches higher than the bottom of shaft. Height of water in the shaft
about thirty feet, a greater depth is not attained, because of leakage through
the shaly strata above this level in shaft. The average cost of hoisting and
pumping from this mine has been two and one quarter cents per ton.

The improvements now in operation here do away with pumping, and
lessen the number of hands on top. The improvements consist as follows :
8a Leg. Doc. No. 7.

Digitized by


1 14a Internal Affairs — Industrial Statistics. L^^- '>

Length of slope through clay and shale, 240 feet.

Length of plane, , 656 feet.

Length of platform, 174 feet.

Width of slope, plane, and platform, 14 feet.

Dimensions of coal-bin, 10'x28'x59'

Capacity of bin, 350 gross tons.

Double-cylinder engine, / 120 horse- power.

Four cylinder boilers.

Drum, (cylinder,) . . 16 feet diameter.

Boilers arranged to work in pairs.

Slope is a double track-way from yard-wa}' at bottom of slope. This
work was done under the direction of John Fulton, general mine engineer.
Robert A. Shillingford, engineer in charge.

The double-heading system with single track, and turnouts in main gang-
way, will be continued as heretofore.

The old water-course gangway serves as the drainage way of the present
workings. This serves also for a passage for all waste material, and for
the ingress and egress of mules.

The total cost of these improvements has been about $10,000, and it is
estimated to effect a reduction in the previous cost of coal of at least twenty
cents per ton.

The haulage under the new arrangement has been shortened one thousand
seven hundred feet, and the saving of twenty cents per ton is principally
due to the economy of this decrease in haulage.

The annual output of the mine is about one hundred thousand gross tons,
.nearly all of which is converted into coke. The coking plant consists of
one hundred bee-hive ovens, requiring two hundred and fifty tons of coal
per day.

The mine employs ninety-four men (including laborers,) and has been in
operation since 1870. Its product has for the most part been converted
into coke, all of which is used in the company's furnaces at Bennington,
HoUidaysburg, and Frankstown, all in Blair county.

The coke made is of good quality, porous, and sustains a good furnace
burden. The mine has always presented a problem in cheap mining. The
seam is three feet thick. Gangways are driven on water-level, and are ex-
ceedingly tortuous. This feature has necessitated a long haul, and it is
largely due to the intelligent management of Supei*intendent Martin
Maher that this drawback has been successfully met.

Description of Fatal Aooldents.

Accidents Nos. 1 and 2. — At Benedict mine, Dudley, Huntingdon
county, Francis O'Neil, aged fort3% single , and John Stull, aged twenty-
four, married, were instantly killed January 4.

These two men were engaged in stripping a piece of coal from the side
of the main entry for a side track, and had taken off quite a considerable

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Leg. Doc] Coal — BiruMiNons. 115a

body of coal, and had been cautioned by the mining-boss to set some props
under the rock, and they made reply that it was perfectly > safe, and soon
after they took their dinner pails, and went and sat down under the rock,
and while engaged in eating the rock fell upon them, killing them instantly.
Both these men were experienced miners, and were supposed to be perfectly
competent to attend to their own safety while at work.

Accident No. 3. — Augustus Wheeler, aged thirteen years, and emplo3'ed
as a driver, was killed at Lloydsville mine January 20.

Deceased was bringing out a trip of loaded cars, and at one portion of
the road there was a slight grade in favor of the loaded cars, and from the
evidence given at the inquest it appears that deceased must have been run-
ning b^' the side of his mule while going down the grade spoken of, and
struck his foot against something, and fell immediately in front of the cars.
When found, the first car was resting on his back. Xo bones were broken,
but life must have become suddenly extinct by the weight of the first car,
and those behind pushing him along the ground while under the car.

Online LibraryPennsylvania. Dept. of Internal Affairs Pennsylvania. Bureau of Industrial StatisticsAnnual report of the Secretary of Internal Affairs of the ..., Volume 11 → online text (page 26 of 33)