UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
Received &&C > 6 , i8<)l-
Accessions No.U&&\2.. Slielf No.
COPYRIGHT, 1887, BY JAMES MAC AUSTER.
BOOKS OF REFERENCE
Superintendent Public Schools.
SUPERINTENDENT PVBLIC SCHOOLS, PHILADELPHIA.
PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE BOARD.
BURK & MCFETRIDGE, PRINTERS, 306 AND 308 CHESTNUT STREET.
The books which are catalogued in this little volume have been
brought together during the past four years. On entering upon the
duties of Superintendent of Public Schools in Philadelphia, I felt that
it would be a great advantage to have at command the best authorities
on the history, science and art of education. Questions would be sure
to arise in connection with the work of organizing the supervision of
the schools which would render such a collection of books a great
convenience to those immediately connected with the Superintendent's
Office, to the teachers, and to other persons interested in the public
school system of the city. The liberality of the Board of Public
Education has enabled me to carry out this purpose, and while the
resources at command have been limited, the library has grown to
such proportions as to render the printing of a catalogue a necessity.
The field of pedagogical literature is so extensive that it has not
been possible to do more than make a selection of books adapted to
the immediate needs of the department, while laying a broad founda-
tion for future additions. What was required was a good working
pedagogical library, and it is believed that the selection made furnishes
the essentials for a pretty thorough study of the history and theory of
education in the past, as well as ample materials for dealing with the
living questions of our own time.
The paucity of German books will be noticed by every one having
the slightest acquaintance with the richness of that language in peda-
gogical works, The general utility of the library must be urged as an
explanation of this deficiency. Besides, many of the writings of the
great German educators are now accessible to the English reader, and
the results of German thought and experience are speedily set before
us in the form of translations and in original works upon the education
of that country.
No apology, it is presumed, is needed for what may seem an undue
preference for the French writers on education. The striking progress
recently made in public education by our sister European republic has
attracted marked attention all over the world. This advance has been
accompanied by an awakening among her leading publicists and
educators, that has borne fruit in a goodly array of works relating to
education in both its theoretical and practical aspects, and possessing
all those qualities so characteristic of the French mind in every depart-
ment of literary effort. While the French, like all the rest of the
world, have been borrowers in education from the Germans, it must
be admitted that of late years they have been producing books of great
pedagogical value. These are quite fully represented in this library,
and it is believed, are not one of its least important features.
To increase the usefulness of the catalogue, a selection of refer-
ences to the more recent and important articles in the leading periodi-
cals has been added. Some of the best pedagogical literature of the
day appears in this form ; and it was thought that the references to
these sources of information, so easy of access in public libraries,
would prove a convenience to persons consulting the catalogue for
guidance or suggestions on special topics. Occasional bibliographical
notes have been inserted for the same reason. I may be permitted to
state with regard to both of these features that no attempt at com-
pleteness has been made. They might have been greatly extended ;
but I have confined myself to making selections from my own note-
books and the memoranda of my current reading. The object has
been to call attention to such articles and books as are of special value,
or are interesting on account of their bearing upon new an 1 pressing
The rules sanctioned by the best authorities have been followed in
the arrangement and details of the catalogue. In nearly every case, the
titles of the separate articles in volumes of a miscellaneous character
have been given under the general title.
It will be understood that the books in History, Science.
Language and Literature are merely an incidental feature of the
library. The selection in United States History might lay claim to be
at least representative of the subject ; but outside of that, only such
volumes have been added as are needed for convenient reference in
conducting the supervision of a large system of schools.
The growing attention given by teachers to the literature and
learning of their own profession is one of the most hopeful and
encouraging signs of the times. Classes in Psychology, the History
of Pedagogy and the Science of Education, are fast becoming a feature
of teachers' reading circles, and Normal Schools are beginning to
realize that something more than a few lessons in "methods " and two
or three weeks' practice in a " training school," are required to prepare
young men and women for the responsible duties of the school- room.
The formation of pedagogical libraries in connection with the adminis-
tration of city and state school systems will, I am sure, do much to
promote this forward movement ; and it is a source of great satisfaction
to me that the Board of Public Education of Philadelphia is, I believe,
the first to take this step.
It is only just that I should state that any faults that may be found
in the catalogue are attributable to the limited time which I have been
able to devote to it. All the work has been done in the odd minutes
that could be spared from the performance of my official duties. It
has been time very pleasantly spent, but I should have greatly
preferred to make a more serious task of even the little that was
I must acknowledge the valuable service rendered by my clerk,
Miss Adele M. Smith, in reading the proofs. She has been
indefatigable in her efforts to prevent the mistakes which are apt
Viii PEDAGOGICAL LIBRARY.
to creep into the printing of so large a number of names and titles ;
and it will be a disappointment if any serious error should be
J. MAC A.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
I. WORKS OF REFERENCE 1-7
a. Pedagogical 1
b. General , 1
c. English Language 2
d. Classical and Foreign Languages 3
e. Literature 3
/. Indexes to Periodical Literature 4
g. History, Geography, Politics, Antiquities 5
h. Atlases 6
II. HISTORY OF EDUCATION 7-25
a. General 7
b. History and Description of Schools and School
e. American Schools and Education 20
d. Educational Biography 24
III. THEORY OF EDUCATION 25-34
a. Principal Original Writers and Authorities on
Theoretical Education, in Chronological order... 25
b. General 28
IV. PRACTICE OF TEACHING. SCHOOL METHODS AND MAN-
AGEMENT, AND TEACHERS' MANUALS. EXAMINATION
a. Practice of Teaching 34
b. School Methods and Management and Teachers'
c. Questions and Examination Papers 43
V. PRIMARY EDUCATION AND STUDY OF CHILDREN 45-48
VI. OBJECT LESSONS 48-49
VH. THE KINDERGARTEN 50-53
VIII. MORAL EDUCATION AND SCHOOL DISCIPLINE 54-56
IX. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. SCHOOL HYGIENE. GENERAL
HYGIENE. VO(,CAL CULTURE AND HYGIENE 66-62
a. Physical Education 56
b. School Hygiene 58
c. General Hygiene 60
d. Vocal Culture and Hygiene 61
X. EDUCATION OF THE BLIND AND DEAF-MUTES 63
XL TRAINING OF TEACHERS NORMAL SCHOOLS 64,65
XII. SELF-CULTURE AND HOME EDUCATION 65,66
XIII. COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY EDUCATION AND STUDIES 66-73
XIV. EDUCATION OF WOMEN 73-76
XV. ART EDUCATION. MANUAL TRAINING. NEEDLE-
WORK. SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL
a. Art Education 76
b. Manual Training 79
c. Needlework 1
d. Scientific Education 81
e. Technical Education H3
/. Industrial Education- 84
g. History and Description of Art Industries and
Industrial Processes 86
XVI. EDUCATIONAL POLITY AND LAW 88-91
XVII. MISCELLANEOUS LECTURES, ESSAYS AND DISCUSSIONS
RELATING TO EDUCATION AND SCHOOLS 91-95
XVIII. EDUCATIONAL PERIODICALS AND REPORTS 95-99
XIX. FOREIGN, STATE AND CITY EDUCATIONAL REPORTS... 99
XX. EDUCATIONAL TEXT-BOOKS 99
XXI. PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY. HISTORY OF PHIL-
a. Philosophy and Psychology 100
b. History of Philosophy 108
XXII. MENTAL PHYSIOLOGY. MENTAL PATHOLOGY. COM-
PARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY 108-113
a. Mental Physiology 108
b. Mental Pathology ill
c. Comparative Psychology 113
XXIII. ETHICAL SCIENCE 113-115
XXIV. SCIENCE OP LANGUAGE , 115, 116
XXV. ENGLISH LANGUAGE GRAMMAR AND PHILOLOGY 117-120
XXVI. HISTORY OF CULTURE, LITERATURE, SCIENCE AND
a. Culture 120
b. Literature 122
c. Science 123
d. Art 124
XXVII. AMERICAN HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT 124-134
a. Histoiy 124
b. Government 131
XXVIII. GENERAL HISTORY 134-138
XXIX. SOCIAL, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC SCIENCE 139-143
XXX. SCIENCE 143-151
a. Physical Science 431
b. Geography and Geology 145
c. Botany 147
d. Physiology and Zoology 147
e. Ethnography and Anthropology 149
/. General 150
XXXI. BELLES-LETTRES. 151, 162
XXXII. JUVENILE LITERATURE 153-164
a. Stories, Children's Classics, etc 153
b. Poetry 156
c. History and Biography (chiefly American) 157
d. Geography and Travel 159
e. Science .. 162
WORKS OF REFERENCE.
1. Barnard, Henry, editor. Educational aphorisms and
suggestions, ancient and modern. Republished from
Barnard's American journal of education, pp. 202.
2. Buisson, F. Dictionnaire de p&iagogie et destruction
primaire. 3 vols. Paris, 1882.
3. Hall, GK Stanley, and Mansfield, John M. Hints toward
a select and descriptive bibliography of education, pp.
xv, 309. Boston, 1886.
4. Kiddle, Henry, and Schem, Alexander J. The cyclo-
paedia of education. New York, 1877.
5. Schmid, K. A. Padagogisches handbuch fur schule und
bans. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1884.
1. Chamfoers's encyclopaedia. A dictionary of universal
knowledge for the people. 10 vols. Philadelphia, 18*,.
c. ENGLISH LANGUAGE.
1. Bartlett, John. Familiar quotations, pp. 904. Boston,
2. Bartlett, John Russell. A dictionary of Americanisms.
pp. xix, 813. Boston, 1877.
3. Murray, James A. H., editor. A new English dictionary
on historical principles. Oxford, 1885.
Part I. A-Ant. Part II. Ant-Batten. Part III. Batten-Bot.
4. Ogllvie, John. The imperial dictionary of the English
language: the complete encyclopaedic lexicon, literary,
scientific, and technological. Edited by Charles Annan-
dale. 4 vols. London, 1883.
6. Roget, Peter Mark. Thesaurus of English words and
phrases. Revised and edited by Barnas Sears, pp. xlv,
271. Philadelphia, 1883.
6. Skeat, "Walter W. An etymological dictionary of the
English language, pp. xxviii, 799. Oxford, 1882.
7. Smith, Charles John. Synonyms discriminated. Edited
by H. Percy Smith, pp. 781. London, 1882.
8. Stormonth, James. A dictionary of the English lan-
guage. New York, 1885.
9. "Webster, Noah. An American dictionary of the English
language. Unabridged. Springfield, 1882.
10. "Worcester, Joseph B. A dictionary of the English
language. Unabridged. Philadelphia, 1883.
WORKS OF REFERENCE.
d. CLASSICAL AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES.
1. Adler, G. J. A dictionary of the German and English
languages. Part I. German and English. Part II.
English and German. New York, 1883.
2. Andrews, B. A. A new Latin dictionary. Revised by
Charlton T. Lewis and Chas. Short. New York, 1882.
3. Liddell and Scott's Greek-English lexicon. With an
appendix of proper and geographical names, by James
M. Whiton. Boston, 1883.
4. Spiers and Surenne's French and English pronouncing
dictionary. Followed by a complete vocabulary of the
names of places and persons, mythological and classical,
ancient and modern, by A. Spiers. New York, 1883.
1. Adams, Charles Kendall. A manual of historical litera-
ture, comprising brief descriptions of the most important
histories in English, French and German; together
with practical suggestions as to methods and courses of
historical study, pp. xxxviii, 665. New York, 1882.
2. Adams, W. Davenport. Dictionary of English literature.
pp. 776. New York, n. d.
3. Allibone, S. Austin. A critical dictionary of English
literature in British and American authors, from the
earliest accounts to the latter half of the nineteenth
century. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1881.
4. - Prose quotations from Socrates to Macaulay. pp.
7fi4. Philadelphia, 1884.
5. Brewer, E. Cobham. Dictionary of phrase and fable.
Giving the derivation, source or origin of common
phrases, allusions, and words that have a tale to tell,
pp. 1061. Philadelphia, n. d.
6. - - The reader's handbook of allusions, references,
plots and stories, pp. 1170. Philadelphia, 1883.
7. Gushing, William. Initials and pseudonyms : a diction-
ary of literary disguises, pp. 603. New York, 18fe5.
8. Duyckinck, Evert A., and George L. Cyclopaedia of
American literature, embracing personal and critical
notices of authors and selections from their writings,
from the earliest period to the present day. Edited by
M. Laird Simons. 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1881.
9. Hazlitt, W. Carew. English proverbs and proverbial
phrases, pp. xxxi, 532. London, 1882.
10. Perkins, Frederic Beecher and Jones, Lynds E. The
best reading. Hints on the selection of books ; on the
formation of libraries, public and private ; on courses of
reading, etc. 2 vols. pp. 343, 119. New York, 1881.
Second series, New York, 1882.
11. Porter, Noah. Books and reading ; or, What books shall I
read and how shall I read them? pp. 434. New York,
See also Frederick Harrison on the choice of books, in his Choice of
books and other literary pieces.
/. INDEXES TO PERIODICAL LITERATURE.
1. Century magazine, Index to the. Vols. i to xxx,
inclusive, 1870-1885. pp. 134. New York, 1886.
WORKS OF REFERENCE.
2. Durfee, Charles A. Index to Harper's new monthly
magazine. Vols. I to LXX. June, 1850, to June, 1885.
pp. 783. New York, 1885.
3. Poole, William Frederick and Fletcher, "William I. An
index of periodical literature. Third edition, brought
down to January, 1882. pp. xxvii, 1442. Boston, 1882.
g. HISTORY,, GEOGRAPHY, POLITICS, ANTIQUITIES.
1. Chambers, B , editor. The book of days : a miscellany of
popular antiquities in connection with the calendar;
including anecdote, biography and history, curiosities
of literature and oddities of human life and character.
2 vols. Philadelphia, n. d.
2. Haydn, Joseph. Dictionary of dates and universal in-
formation relating to all ages and nations. Brought
down to the autumn of 1881. Edited by Benjamin
Vincent, pp. 796. New York, 1883.
:>. Heilprin, Louis. The historical reference book; con-
taining a chronological table of universal history, a
chronological dictionary of universal history, and a
biographical dictionary, pp. xi, 569. New York, 1885.
4. Labberton, Robert H. An historical atlas with explana-
tory text on the period delineated in each map, and a
bibliography of the English books and magazine articles
bearing on that period. New York, 1885.
o. Lalor, John J., editor. Encyclopaedia of political science ;
treating also of political economy and of the political
history of the United States. 3 vols. Chicago, 1882.
6 Lippincott's pronouncing gazetteer or geographical
dictionary of the world. Philadelphia, 1885,
7. Lossing, Benson J. Cyclopaedia of United States history,
from the aboriginal period to 1876 ; containing hrief
sketches of important events and conspicuous actors.
2 vols. New York, 1881.
8. Low, Sidney J., and Pulling-, F. S., editors. The
dictionary of English history, pp. 1119. London, 18S4.
9. Mollett, J. W. An illustrated dictionary of words used
in art and archaeology, pp. 350. Boston, 1883.
10. Mulhall, Michael G-. The progress of the world in arts,
agriculture, commerce, manufactures, instruct^ n, rail-
ways and public wealth, since the beginning of the
nineteenth century, pp. 569. London, 1880.
11. Ploetz, Carl. Epitome of ancient, mediaeval and modern
history. With extensive additions by W. H. Tillinghast.
pp. 618. Boston, 1884.
12. Smith, "William. A dictionary of Greek and Roman
antiquities, pp. 1293. London, 1882.
13. Statesman's Year-Book, The. Statistical and historical
annual of the states of the civilized world for 1883 and
1887. Edited by J. Scott Keltic. 2 vols. pp. 784, 976.
14. Thomas, J. Universal pronouncing dictionary of biog-
raphy and mythology. Philadelphia, 1883.
1. Black's general atlas of the world. Edinburgh, 18S2.
2. Me Alpine, D. Zoological atlas. 2 vols. Vol. I Anatomy
of invertebrates. Vol. u. Anatomy of vertebrates.
HISTORY OF EDUCATION.
3. Soribner's statistical atlas of the United States, showing
by graphic methods their present condition and their
political, social and industrial development. By Fletcher
W. Hewes and Henry Lannett. New York, n. d.
4. "Walker, Francis A., compiler. Statistical atlas of the
United States. Based on the results of the ninth census,
.1870. Washington, 1874.
HISTORY OF EDUCATION.
Barnard, Henry, editor. German educational reformers:
memoirs of eminent teachers and educators, with con-
tributions to the history of education in Germany.
Republished from the American journal of education,
pp. 724. Hartford, 1878.
1. Early Christian teachers, from 696 to 1300.
2. Hieronyruians, or brethren of the common life, from 1340 to 1500.
3. Erasmus and his educational work, 1467 to 1536.
4. Reuchliu and the Schlettstadt school, 1360.
5. Retrospect of the 15th and 16th centuries Old and new studies,
mediaeval and new-school books.
6. Martin Luther and Ms educational work.
7. Philip Melancthon and his educational work.
8. Founders of schools and methodology in the 16th century : Trotzen-
dorf, Sturm, Neander, the Jesuits.
9. Influence of Luther's ecclesiastical revolution.
10. Educational reformers of the 17th and 18th centuries: Ratich,
Comenius, Duke Earnest, Franke and the Pietists, Hecker, Basedow, von
11. Reformatory philologists : Gesner, Eruesti, Hamanii, Herder, Wolf,
12. Organizers of elementary instruction :
Frederic II , school reforms in Prussia.
Maria Theresa and school reforms in Austria.
13. German systems of public instruction.
2. Bartram, Richard. Fifteen years of national education
in England. In Westminster review, Oct., 1886.
3. Benedict, W. B. Some outlines from the history of
education; a series of articles in Popular science
monthly, vols. xxix, xxx.
4. Boyesen, H. H. The University of Berlin. In Scribner's
monthly, vol. xvm, p. 204.
6. Browning, Oscar. An introduction to the history of
educational theories, pp 199. New York, 1882.
6. Bush, G. GK The origin of the first-German universities.
In Education, vol. iv, pp. 384, 534, 576.
7. Capes, W. "W. University life in ancient Athens. [Har-
per's Half-hour series.] pp. 171. New York, n. d.
8. Compayr, G-abriel. Histoire critique des doctrines de
1'e'dueation en France. 2 vols. pp. 460, 437. Paris,
An important and valuable work.
P.- The history of pedagogy. Translated by W. H.
Payne, pp. xxvi, 596. Boston, 1886.
The best general history of education.
10. Donaldson, James. Lectures on the history of education
in Prussia and England, and on kindred topics, pp. 18.~>.
HISTORY OF EDUCATION.
11. Dumesnil, Georges. La pedagogic r6volutiounaire. pp.
255. Paris, 1883.
12. Duruy, Albert. L'instruction publique et la democratic,
1879-1886. pp. 358. Paris, 1886.
I. La Iibert6 d'enseignement.
1. Le droit public.
2. Les projets de M. Ferry.
3. L'article sept.
II. La politique concordataire.
III. La reTorme de 1'enseignement secondaire.
IV. La reTorrne de 1'enseignement sup6rieur.
13. Gill, John. Systems of education, pp. 312. London, 1876.
Contains sketches of Ascham, Milton, Locke, Knox, the Edgeworths
Pestalozzi, Wilderspin, the Mayos, Bell, Lancaster, and Stow.
14. Grant, Sir Alexander. The story of the University of
Edinburgh, pp. xvi, 384, 510. 2 vols. London, 1884.
See also Marsden's Short account of the Tercentenary festival of the
University of Edinburgh.
15. Grant, James. History of the burgh schools of Scotland.
pp. 571. London, 1876.
See D. R. Fearon's Report on the education in certain burgh schools
in Scotland, in English schools inquiry commission, vol. vi, p. 1.
16. Hailman, W. N. Twelve lectures on the history of
pedagogy, delivered before the Cincinnati teachers'
association, pp. 130. New York, n. d.
17. Hanotoux, Gabriel. L'enseignement public en France
avant, 1789; quinzieme 6tude in his Etudes historiques
sur le XVI" et le XVII s siecle en France.
An instructive and interesting sketch.
18. Hoflmeister, Hermann. Comenius und Pestalozzi als
begriinder der volkschule. Pamph. Berlin, 1877.
10 PEDAGOGICAL LIBRARY.
10. Kingsley, Charles. Alexandria and her schools. Four
lectures in his Historical lectures and essays, pp. 132.
Contains also lectures on Rondelet, the Huguenot naturalist ; Vesalius,
the anatomist ; Paracelsus ; George Buchanan, scholar.
20. Klemm, L. B. Education in Rome. In Education, vol.
vi, p. 335.
21. Laurie, S. S. John Amos Comenius. pp.239. London,
22. - The rise and early constitution of universities,
-with a survey of mediaeval education. New York, 1887.
Begins with an account of the Romano-Hellenic schools and their
decline, traces the influence of Christianity on education, sketches the
work of the Christian schools, and gives an outline of mediaeval educa-
tion, preliminary to taking up the rise and early history of universities
in the different countries of Europe.
See also H. Rashdall's article on the origin of the University of Paris,
in English historical magazine, October, 1886.
23. - Montaigne as an educationalist. In his Train-
ing of teachers, and other educational papers, pp. 231.
24. Leighton, B. F. Wages of schoolmasters in ancient Rome.
In Education, vol. iv, p. 506.
25. Leitch, James. Practical educationists and their sys-
tems of teaching, pp. 302. Glasgow, 1876.
Contains chapters on Locke, Pestalozzi, Bell, Lancaster, Wilderspin,
Stow, and Spencer.
26. Lyte, H. C. Maxwell. A history of Eton college. 1440-
1875. pp. 527. London, 1875.
27. - A history of the University of Oxford, from the
earliest times to the year 1530. pp. 504. London, 1886.
The first attempt at a consecutive history of the University. The
author expects, in subsequent volumes, to bring it down to recent times.
HISTORY OF EDUCATION.
See C. Wordsworth's Scholse Academic*, for the history of Oxford
in the eighteenth century.
Gold win Smith gives a sketch of the history of Oxford in the paper
on The University of Oxford, in his Lectures on the Study of History.
On the colleges, teaching, studies, examinations, fellowships, and
other matters pertaining to the University, as now constituted, consult
Roger's Education in Oxford : its method, its aids, and its rewards ; and
Stedman's Oxford : its social and intellectual life.
28. Mahaffy, J. P. Old Greek education, pp. 144. New York,
29. Mann, Horace. An historical view of education, show-
ing its dignity and its degradation. In his Lectures and
annual reports on education, vol. i, p. 241.
30. Marsden, B. Sydney, editor. A short account of the
Tercentenary festival of the University of Edinburgh,
including the speeches and addresses delivered on the
occasion. Edinburgh, 1884.
31. Martin, Alexandre. Les doctrines pe"dagogiques des
Grecs. pp. 186. Paris, 1881.
32. Martin, W. A. P. The Chinese, with their education,