Philip Bertie Petrides.

Student's cases : illustrative of all branches of the law online

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Farina v. Fickus 11

Featherstone ats. R 318

Felthouse v. Bindley 19

Fickus, In re, Farina v. Fickus 1 1

Field ats. Adney 224

Finlay v. Chirney 103

Firmstone ats. Bainbridge .... 55

Fisher v. Bridges 92

Fitch v. Jones 85

Fitzpatrick ats. Spedding .... 306
Fleming v. Bank of New Zea-
land 56

Fletcher ats. Rylands 147

Flight ats. Todd ... , 179

Flood ats. Allen 175

Folkes v. Chadd 351

Fontes ats. Machado 154

Ford ats. Bloomenthal 265

Foss v. Harbottle 268

Fothergill ats. Bain 210

Foulkes ats. Regina 323

Fowke ats. Cornfoot 132

Foxwell ats. Van Grutten .... 191

Fraser ats. Hen thorn 17

Freeman v. Cooke 78

Freeman v. Pope 221



xxvm



INDEX OF CASES.



PAGE

Frith ats. Morrell 334

Frith, In re, Newton v. Rolfe 242
Friihauf v. Grosvenor & Co. . . 302



G.

Gardiner ats. MacDougal .... 267

Gardner ats. Pearce 49

Gas Meter Co., Ltd. ats.

Andrews 263

Geldert ats. Municipality of

Pictou 157

Gething v. Keighley 249

Gibb ats. Pybus 105

Gibbsv. Guild 108

Glossop ats. Wilson 131

Goddard v. O'Brien 59

GtoSv. G. N. R. Co 160

Gold Coast and Ashanti Ex-
plorers, Ltd. ats. Smith. ... 38

Goldberg, In re 279

Good v. Cheesman 60

Gordon v. Gordon 222

Gorris v. Scott 151

Goss v. Nugent 359

Gould ats. Le Lievre 153

Grant ats. Household Fire In-
surance Co 23

Grant ats. Routledge 7

Great Fingall Consolidated,

Ltd. ats. Ruben 266

G. N. R. ats. Denton 29

G. N. R. Co. ats. Goff 160

G. N. R. v. Witham 15

G. N. R. Co. of Ireland ats.

Walker 156

G. W. R. Co. ats. Blower. ... 107

G. W. R. Co. v. Bunch 116

G. W. R. Co. v. Willis 343

Green v. Thompson 64

Greene v. The St. John's

Mansions 304

Greswolde -Williams v.

Barneby 364

Griffin ats. Doe 349

Griffiu ats. Lee 52

Grosvenor & Co. ats. Friihauf 302

Guedalla ats. Montefiore .... 218

Guild ate. Gibbs 108

Guildford ats. De Lassalle. . . . 363

Gwilliam v. Twist 162

Gye ats. Luinley 175



H.

PAGE

Hadley v. Baxendale 120

Haggis ats. Burnard 157

Hall ats. Dearie 219,220

Hall v. Eve 305

Hallv. Hall 290

Hall ats. R 316

Hall v. The Lichfield Brewery

Co 200

Hallett's Estate, In re, Knatch-

bull v. Hallett 233

Harbottle ats. Foss 268

Harding ats. Spencer 12

Hargroves v. Hartopp ISO

Harland ats. Patman 210

Harness ate. Alabaster 170

Harris, In re, Cheese v. Love-
joy 253

Harris v. Tippett 375

Harrison ats. Warlow 16

Harrold v. Watney 181

Harse v. Pearl Life Assurance

Co 93

Hart ats. Proudfoot 203

Hartley v. Ponsonby 59

Hartopp ats. Hargroves 180

Harvey and another v. Facey . 10

Hatchard v. Mege 103, 155

Haviside, In re 274

Hazeldine ats. Ray 196

Hazelton ats. Regina 326

Heard and Marsh ate. Thorne. 233

Heather v. Webb 129

Hedges ats. Sumpter 110

Helby v. Matthews 32

Helmore v. Smith 250

Henry ats. Krell 125

Henshaw ats. Eliason 18

Henthorn v. Fraser 17

Henty ats. Capital and Coun-
ties Bank , . 167

Henty v. Schroder 244

Hermann v. Charlesworth 88

Hetley, Re, Hetley r. Hetley. 229

Hewitt ats. Bates 75

Hexter v. Pearce 244

Higham v. Ridgway 345

Hill ate. Metropolitan Asylums

Board 182

Hill v. Regina 371

Hills ats. Public Works Com-
missioner 121

Hitchcock ats. Attorney-
General 376

Hoadley v. MacLaine 46

Hobbs ats. Ward 77

Hochster v. De la Tour 112

Hodgson ats. R 314



INDEX OF CASES.



XXIX



PAGK

Hulford, In re, Hulford v.

Holford 257

Holmes, In re Asworth 276

Holmes v. Mitchell 42

Home and Colonial Stores ats.

Colls 198

Homfray ats. Llanover 350

Hope, Re 190

Hopkins v. Tanqueray 114

Household Eire Iusurance Co.

v. Grant 23

Howe ats. Cross 306

Howe v. Dartmouth 220

Hoyle, In re, Hoyle v. Hoyle. 45

Hughes ats. Simpson 26

Hughes v. Pump House Hotel

Co 99

Humber v. Richards 219

Humble v. Hunter 98

Hunt ats. Thorndike 214

Hunt ats. Trego 24M

Hunter ats. Humble 98

Hunting ats. Oliver 47

Hurd ats. Redgrave 171

Hutchinson ats. Terry 171

Hyams v. Stuart Kiug 96

Hyde v. Wrench 25

Hyman v. Van den Bergh . . 195



I.



Ilbery ats. Smout 141

Ilfracombe Ry. Co. ats.

Pickering 91

Illidge ats. Santos 95

Imperial Loan Co. v. Stone . . 60

Indemaur v. Dames 178

Ingham ats. Rogers 73

Iuman ats. Nnsh 63

Isaacs, Ex parte, Isaacs v.

Retnnall 237



■I.



Jackson ats. Metropolitan

Railway Co 331

Jackson ats. R 319

Jacobs v. Booth's Distillery

Co 298

Jared v. Clements 218

Jenkins ats. R 338

Jennings v. Rundall 66

Johore, Sultan of ats. Mighell 62

Jones v. Daniel 23

Jones ats. Fitch 85

Jones v. Just 118



PAGE

Jones ats. Rogers 239

Jones v. Tankerville 104

Jupp, In re, Jupp v. Buckwell 256
Just ats. Jones 118



K.



Keech v. Sandford 226

Keighley ats. Gething 249

Keir v. Leeman 87

Kelner v. Baxter 134

Kenyon ats. Eastwood 57

Killick ats. Mosse 81

King ats. Hyams 96

Kirkham v. Attenborough .... 30

Knatchbull v. Hallet 233

Knowles and Birks ats. Cullen. 300
Krell r. Henry 125



Laird ats. Taylor 2

Lakeman ats. Mountstephen . . 40
Lampleigh v. Brathwait .... 58
Lancashire & Yorkshire Rail-
way Co. ats. Whalley 183

Langmead ats. Regina 323

Langridge v. Levy 152

Law v. The Local Board of

Redditch 122

Law v. London Indisputable

Life Policy Co 97

Lawford v. Billericay Rural

Council 35

Laws v. Bennett 238

Leadbitter ats. Wood 104

Leamington (Mayor of) ats.

Young 36

Leathern ats. Quinn 175

Le Blanche v. L. & N. W. R.

Co 113

Lee v. Butler 33

Lee v. Griffin 52

Lee ats. Regina 324

Leeman ats. Keir 87

Le Lievere v. Gould 153

Leroux v. Brown 49

Levy ats. Langridge 152

Lewis v. Clay 67

Lewis ats. Stokes 33

Lichfield Brewery Co. ats.

Hall 200

Lickbarrow v. Mason 102

Limpus v. The London Gene-
ral Omnibus Co 159



XXX



INDEX OF CASES.



PAGE

Lindsay ats. Cundy G8

Lindsay & Co. ats, Watkins . . 275
Liverpool Brewery Co. (its.

Nelson 179

Llanover v. Homfray 350

London & County Contracts v.

Tallack 282

L. & N. W. R. Co. ats. Le

Blanche 113

L. & N. W. R. Co. ats. Welch 117
L. & S. W. R. Co. ats. Poul-

ton 161

L. & S. W. R. Co. ats. Wake-

lin 176

London, Edinburgh & Glasgow

Ass. Co. Ltd. ats. Bawden . . 140
London General Omnibus Co.

ats. Limpus 159

London Indisputable Life

Policy Co. ats. Law 97

London Joint Stock Bank v.

Simmons 100

London Trading Bank ats.

Bechuanaland Exploration

Co 101

Long v. Millar 47

Lonsdale ats. Walsh 201

Love ats. Ludgater 131

Love joy ats. Cheese 253

Low v. Bouverie 232

Lowe v. Peers 89

Loxley ats. Cooke 369

Lucas v. Dixon 44

Ludgater v. Love 131

Lumley v. Gye 175

Lynch v. Nurdin 181



M.

MacDougal v. Gardiner .... 267

McGregor v. McGregor 39

Machado v. Pontes 154

M'Kearney ats. R 312

MacLaine ats. Hoadley 46

McLean ats. Stevenson 27

MacLean ats. Trotter 341

M'Naughten's Case 308

Maddison v. Alderson 51

Manchester (Mayor of) v.

Williams 156

Mann ats. Davies 177

Manning ats. Price 377

Marrable ats. Smith 114

Marshall ats. Paget 71

Mar-land ats. Nichols 149

Martin ats. Burrough 378

Martin ats. R 311



PAGE

Marwood ats. Wright 296

Mason ats. Lickbarrow 102

Matthews ats. Helby 32

Maxfield v. Burton 216

Maxim-Nordenfelt Gun Co.,

Ltd. ats. Nordenfelt 90

Mege ats. Hatchard 155

Mellon ats. Debenham 129

Mendel ats. Piatt 209

Merivale v. Carson 169

Metropolitan Asylums Board

v. Hill 182

Metropolitan Ry. Co. v. Jack-
son 331

Midland Counties Railway Co.

ats. Cox 142

Midland Railway Co. ats. Read-
head 115

Mighell v. The Sultan of Jo-

hore 62

Millar ats. Long 47

Miller ats. Rossiter 44

Mills ats. Regina 327

Mitchell ats. Darley Main Col-
liery Co 164

Mitchell ats. Holmes 42

Mitchell ats. Rayner 162

Mitre Printing Co. ats. TJtley. 158

Montefiore v. Guedalla 218

Montefiore ats. Ramsgate

Hotel Co 21

Montreal Gas Co. v. Vasey . . 4

Moore v. Rawson 199

Morel Bros. v. Earl of West-
morland 299

Morgan r. Morgan 220

Morgan ats. Page 53

Morison v. Thompson 134

Morrell v. Frith 334

Mosse v. Killick 81

Mountstephen v. Lakeman . . 40

Moxhay ats. Tulk 205

Mudies' Select Library, Ltd.

ats. Vizetelly 169

Myers, Ex parte 277



X.



Nash v. Armstrong 37

Nash v. Inman 63

Neate ats. Taylor 250

Needs ats. Doe 362

Nelson v. The Liverpool Brew-
ery Co 179

Nepean v. Doe 367

Newbold ats. Arkwright .... 79
Newton v. Rolfe, In re Frith. . 242



INDEX OF CASES.



XXXI



PAGE

Nichols v. Marsland 149

Nordenfelt v. Maxim-Norden-

felt Gun Co., Ltd 90

Norman ats. Buckwell 283

North Eastern Salt Co., Ltd.

ats. Seddon 76

North Staffordshire Ry. Co.

ats. Peek 54

Northern Counties of England

Fire Insurance Co. v. Whipp 215

Nugent ats. Goss 359

Nugent v. Smith 106

Nurdin ats. Lynch 181



0.



Oakes v. Turquand 269

Oakfield, The 295

O'Brien ats. Goddard 59

O'Connor ats. Cowan 29

Ogden v. Ogden 291

Oldfield, In re, Oldfield v. Old-
field 230

Oldham Corporation ats. Aus-

terberry 206

Oliver v. Hunting 47

Osborne ats. Rex 339



Pacific Insurance Co. ats.

Anderson 75

Page v. Morgan 53

Paget v. Marshall 71

Palmer ats. Regina 337

Panama Mail Co., Re 270

Parker ats. CoDflans Stone

Quarry Co 102

Patman v. Harland 210

Pearce v. Brookes 93

Pearce v. Gardner 49

Pearce ats. Hexter 244

Pearl Life Assurance Co. ats.

Harse 93

Peek ats. Derry 73

Peek r. North Staffordshire

Ry. Co 54

Peers ats. Lowe 89

Pell's Case 271

Penley ats. Barber 182

Penn v. Baltimore 213

Peter v. Compton 39

Phillips ats. Doe 365

Pickering v. Busk 132



PAGE

Pickering v. The Ilfracombe

Ry. Co 91

Pickles ats. Mayor of Bradford 150
Pictou Municipality v. Geldert 157

Pike ats. Colledge 300

Piatt v. Mendel 209

Pledge r. White 207

Plimmer ats. Carney 84

Plumbe ats. Abbot 356

Pollock, In re , Pollock v . Worrall 240

Ponsonby ats. Hartley 59

Pontida, The 133

Pope ats. Freeman 221

Pothonier, De, Re, Dent v.

De Pothonier 226

Poulton v. L. & S. W. R. Co. . 161

Powell ats. Cutter 109

Powell ats. Sharp 151

Price v. Manning 377

Prosser ats. Bromage 166

Proudfoot v. Hart 203

Public Works Commissioner

v. Hills 121

Pump House Hotel Co. ats.

Hughes 99

Pybus v. Gibb and others .... 105
Pym v. Campbell and others .. 364



Q.



Quinn v. Leathern 175



R.



R. v. Allen 328

R. v. Barnard 325

R. v. Barnes 328

R. v. Bedingfield 338

R. v. Berger 346

R. v. Birt and others 330

R. v. Blake 835

R. v. Boyes 373

R. v. Closs 313

R. v. Cooper 325

R. v. Cox and Railton 372

R. p. Davis 313

R. v. Dibble, alias Corcoran . . 374

R. v. Dudley and Stephens . . 310

R. v. Elworthy 356

H. v. Featherstone 318

R. v. Foulkes 323

R. v. Hall 316

R. p. Hazelton 326

R. v. Hill 371



XXX11



INDEX OF CASES.



PAGE

R. v. Hodgson 314

R. v. Jackson 319

R. v. Jenkins 338

R. v. Langinead 323

R. v. Lee 324

R. v. M'Kearney 312

K. . Martin 311

R. v. Mills 327

R. v. Osborne 339

R. v. Palmer 337

R. v. Ramsay and Foote .... 329

R. v. Rhodes 340

R. v. Rose 310

R. v . Rowton 353

R. v. Scaife 379

R. v. Silverlock 352

R. v. Smith 315

R. v. Thompson 343

R. v. Thurborn 320

R. v. Tolson 307

R, v. Townley 319

R. v. Wade 317

R. v. Woodward 322

Raffles v. Wichelhaus 70

Ramsay and Foote ats. Regina 329
Ramsgate Hotel Co. v. Monte-

fiore 21

Rawson ats. Moore 199

Ray v. Hazeldine 196

Rayner v. Mitchell 162

Readhead v. Midland Railway

Co 115

Redditch Local Board ats.

Law 122

Redgrave v. Hurd 171

Reeve ats. Beaumont 94

Reeve ats. Tatham 84

Re Reese River Silver Mining

Co., Ltd 268

Rees v. De Bernardy 87

Reginall ats. Isaacs 237

Rhodes ats. Burrows 173

Rhodes ats. Regina 340

Richards ats. Chasemore 144

Richards v. Delbridge 231

Richards, Re, Humher v.

Richards 219

Richardson v. Rowntree 6

Riche ats. Ashbury Railway

Carriage Co 260

Ridgway ats. Higham 345

Ridgway v. Ridgway 286

Ritchie v. Atkinson Ill

River Wear Commissioners v.

Adamson 146

Robinson ats. Booth 238

Robinson r. Davison 127



PAGE

Rochefoucauld (Duchesse de)

v. Boustead 227

Rogers v. Ingham 73

Rogers v. Rogers 287

Rogers v. Jones 239

Rolfe ats. Newton 242

Rooke v. Dawson 13

Rose ats. R 310

Ross ats. Doe 358

Rossiter ats. Britain 50

Rossiter v. Miller 44

Rothschild v. Brookman .... 135

Routledge v. Grant 7

Rowntree ats. Richardson. ... 6

Rowton ats. Regina 353

Royal British Bank v. Tur-

quand 262

Ruben v. Great Fingall Con-
solidated 266

Rundall ats. Jennings 66

Rust ats. Buxton 43

Ryan ats. Briggs 243

Rylands v. Fletcher 147



St. John's Mansions ats.

Greene 304

St. Leonards ats. Sugden .... 345
St. Mary Abbots' Vestry,
Kensington ats. Carter .... 163

Salomon v. Salomon 259

Sampson ats. Stevens 165

Sandford ats. Keech 226

Santos v. Illidge 95

Satanita, Dunraven v. Clarke.. 1

Scaife ats. Regina 379

Scaramanga v. Stamp 119

Schroder ats. Henty 244

Scott, In re 253

Scott v . Coulson 70

Scott ats. Gorris 151

Scott v. Shepherd 149

Scott ais. Williams 225

Sebright ats. Baker 189

Seddon v. The North Eastern

Salt Co., Ltd 76

Sewell ats. Brewster 357

Sharman ats. South Stafford-
shire Waterworks 184

Sharp v. Powell 151

Shelf er v. The City of London
Electric Lighting Co., Ltd. 245

Shelley's Case 191

Shepherd ats. Scott 149



INDEX OF CASES.



XXX111



PAGE

Short ats. Trustees and Agency

Co 200

Sibley v. Ashforth 193

Silverlock ats. Regina 352

Simeon ats. Wade 58

Simmons ats. London Joint

Stock Bank 100

Simpson v. Hughes 26

Smith ats. Bartlett 332

Smith ats. Carringtons, Ltd. . . 80

Smith v. Edwardes 301

Smith v. Gold Coast and
Ashanti Explorers, Ltd. . . 38

Smith ats. Helmore 250

Smith v. Marrable 114

Smith ats. Nugent 106

Smith ats. R 315

Smith v. Wilson 362

Smout v. Ilbery 141

Snell ats. Baker 148

Sottomayor v. De Barros .... 292
South American and Mexican
Co., In re, Ex parte Bank

of England 370

South Staffordshire Water-
works v. Sharman 184

Spedding v. Fitzpatrick 306

Spencer's Case (Spencer v.

Clark) 204

Spencer and others v. Harding

and others 12

Staffordshire Ry. Co. ats. Peek 54

Stamp ats. Scaramanga 119

Standing v. Bowring 234

Stapleton v. Cheales 257

Stevens v. Sampson 165

Stevenson v. McLean 27

Stobart v. Dryden 342

Stoker v. Stoker 285

Stokes v. Lewis 33

Stone ats. Imperial Loan Co. . 66
Strachan ats. Universal Stock

Exchange 86

Stuart King ats. Hyams .... 96
Suffel v. Bank of England . . 128

Sugden v. St. Leonards 345

Sultan of Johore ats. Mighell . 62

Sumpter v. Hedges 110

Swansborough v. Coventry .. 197



T.

Tallack ats. London and County

Contracts 282

Tankerville ats. Jones 104

Tanqueray ats. Hopkins 11")

J.



PAGE

Tatham v. Reeve 81

Taylor, In re 277

Taylor, In re, Ex parte Taylor 280

Taylor v. Bowers r<4

Taylor ats. Bowman 369

Taylor v. Caldwell 124

Taylor v. Laird 2

Taylor v. Neate 250

Taylor v. Witham 34 4

Terry v. Hutchinson 171

Thomas ats. Tilley 222

Thompson ats. Davenport. ... 139

Thompson ats. Green 64

Thompson ats. Morisou 134

Thompson ats. Rfgina 343

Thorudike v. Hunt 214

Thorne v. Heard and Marsh. . 233

Thurbom a's. R 320

Tilley v. Thomas 222

Tippett ats. Harris 375

Told v. Flight 179

Tobon ats. Regina 307

Tomlinson ats. Ballard 14.">

Townley ats. R 319

Treasury Solor ats. Dixon .... 254

Trego v. Hunt 248

Tringham's Trusts, Re 188

Trott v. Buchanan 252

Trotter v. MacLean 34 1

Trustees and Agency Co. v.

Short 200

Tulk v. Moxhay 205. 200

Turquand ats. Oakes 269

Turquand ats. Roval British

Bank 262

Tussaud v. Tussaud 241, 247

Tweddle r. Atkinson 57

Twin's Estate, In re, Twigg

r.^Black 25.")

Twist ats. Gwilliam 162

Tyler, In re, Tyltr v. Tyler . . 237
Tyrrel's Case 191



U.

Universal Stock Exchange v.
Strachan 86

Utley v. Mitre Printing Co. . . 158



V.



Van den Bergh ats. Hyrnan . . 195
Van Grutten v. Foxwell .... 191
Van Tienhoven ats. Byrne . . 8



XXXIV



INDEX OF CASKS.



PAGE

Vardon'e Trusts . 239

Vasey ats. .Mont rial I jas Co. . . 4
Vizetelly v. Mudie's Select

Library, Ltd 109

••Vreda," The 291



W.

Wade ats. R 317

Wade v. Simeon 58

Waiu r. Walters 42

WafceliD v. L. & S. W. R. ..176
Walker v. G-. N. R. Co. of

Irelaud 156

Walsh v. Lousdale 201

Walters ats. Wain 42

Wane ats. Cumber 60

Ward v. Hobbs 77

Warlow v. Harrison 16

Watkins v. Liudsay k Co. . . 27-5

Watney ats. Harrold 181

Watson atx. Ashbury 261

Watson i: Co., In re, Ex parte

Atkin 273

Wear River Commissioners v.

Adamson 146

Webb ats. Heather 129

Welch v. L. N. VV. R 117

Wenman v. Ash 168

Westmorland (Earl of) ats.

Morel Bros 299

Whalley v. The Lancashire &

Yorkshire Railway Co 183

Wheeler's Settlement, Re,

Briggs v. Ryan 243

Whipp v. The Northern Coun-
ties of England Fire Insur-
ance Co 215



l'AQE

White ats. Ashby 144

White ats. Pledge 207

Wichelhaas rt/sfRafrles 70

Wickham v. Wickham 289

Wickham ats. Xenos 34

Wdd's Case 192

Wilkinson v. Downton 174

Williams ats. Mayor of Man-
chester 156

Williams v. Scott 225

Willis ats. G. W. R 343

Wilson v. Glo-sop 131

Wilson ids. Smith 362

Wing v. Augrave 368

Witham ats. G. N. R 15

Witham ats. Taylor 344

Wolfe v. De Braam 303

Wood v. Leadbitter 1 04

Woodward ats. Regina 322

Worral ats. Ditcham 65

Worrall ats. Pollock 210

Wrench ats. Hyde 25

Wright ats. Collen 138

Wriurht v. Marwood 296



Xenos v. Wickham 34



Y.

Young v. Mayor of Leaming-
ton 30



( XXXV )



CORRIGENDUM ET ADDENDUM.



YOXGE v. TOYNBEE. [1909]
(79 L. J. K. B. 208; 102 L. T. 57.)

Since the decision in Yonge v. Toynhee the law laid down in
Srnout v. Ilbery (p. 141, infra), can no longer be relied on.
In Yonge v. Toynhee it was held that there is no distinction
between an agent's liability upon a warranty of authority in
cases where he had no authority originally, and where he had
such authority originally, but that authority has ceased. If he
continues to act as agent in ignorance of the fact that his
authority has ceased, he is liable upon warranty of authority.

The facts and decision in that case were shortly as follows : —

Before the commencement of the action the defendant had
instructed a firm of solicitors to act for him, and had subse-
quently become of unsound mind. After the issue of the writ
the solicitors had, not knowing that the defendant had become
of unsound mind and acting on the original instructions, entered
an appearance for the defendant, and pleadings were delivered
and various interlocutory steps were taken in the action. After
notice of trial had been given, the solicitors for the first time
discovered that the defendant had become of unsound mind,
and they immediately informed the plaintiff. The plaintiff

c 2



XXXVI CORRIGENDUM ET ADDENDUM.

took out a summons for an order that the appearance, and all
subsequent proceedings in the action, should be struck out, and
that the solicitors should pay the plaintiff's costs of the action.

Held by the 0. A., doubting Smout v. Ilbery, that the
plaintiff was entitled to an order that the solicitors should
pay the plaintiffs costs, on the ground that a person
tvho professes to act as agent impliedly contracts that
he has authority, and is liable for a breach of that im-
plied contract, even though the facts arc that he originally
had authority, but that his authority has come to an end
by reason of facts of -which he has no knowledge or means
of knowledge.



THE

STUDENTS' CASES.



CONTRACT.



OFFER AND ACCEPTANCE.



Offer ~ Acceptance may be Express or Tacit, i.e., by Words

or Conduct.

THE SATANITA— DUNEAVEN v. CLAEKE. [1897]
(66 L. J. Adm. 1; (1897) A. C. 59; 75 L. T. 337; 8 Asp. M. C. 190.)

This action was brought by Lord Dunraven, the owner, and
the master and crew of the yacht Valkyrie, against the owner
of the yacht Sat a nit a, to recover damages in respect of a collision
between the two yachts, which resulted in the sinking of the
Valkyrie. The collision occurred whilst the yachts were pre-
paring to take part in a race at the regatta of the Mudhook
Yacht Club, for which they had both entered. The plaintiff,
amongst other charges, alleged that the Satan ita, a yacht close-
hauled on the port tack, was bound to keep out of the way of
the Valkyrie, a yacht close-hauled on the starboard tack, under
the 1 8th sailing rule of the Yacht Racing Association, and that
the Satan it a disobeyed this rule. The defendant admitted that
the yachts were entered for the race, which was advertised to
be sailed under the Yacht Racing Association's rules, but
denied that he and the plaintiff had respectively agreed to be
bound by such rules. For the purposes of the action the defen-
dant admitted that the collision was caused by the navigation
of the Satanita in a manner improper, and constituting a breach
of the rules, but alleged that such collision occurred without his

J. 13



2 CONTRACT.

actual fault or privity, paid into Court the sum of 952/. 7s. 4d.,
Loin"' S/. a Ion on tlio registered tonnage of the Satanita,

D DO*

together with interest thereon, and claimed that by virtue of
sect. 54 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1862, his liability was
limited to that amount. At the time of the collision the yachts
were about to start, and had become amenable to the rules of
the Association. By rule 32 : " Any yacht disobeying or
infringing any of these rules, which shall apply to all yachts,
whether sailing in the same or different races, shall be dis-
qualified from receiving any prize she would otherwise have
won, and her owner shall hi- liable for all damages arising there-
from." The question was whether the appellant was liable for
the full value of the Valkyrie '7,500/.) under rule 32 above, or
for the amount prescribed by sect. 54 of the Merchant Shipping
Act, 1862.

Held, inter alia, that the fact of the plaintiff ancl defen-
dant entering for the race, and agreeing to be bound by the
name rules, constituted a tacit contract between them which
made them bound to each other in respect of rule 32, and
that therefore the defendant's liability was not limited by
sect. 64 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1862, to 81. per
ton, but that he must wake good the whole value of the
yacht.



An Offer is Inoperative unless and until it is communicated to the

Offeree.

TAYLOE v. LAIED. [1856]
(25 L. J. Ex. 329 ; 1 H. & N. 266.)

At the trial at Guildhall, before the Lord Chief Baron, at
the sittings after Hilary Term, it appeared that the defendant
had written to the plaintiff, offering to engage him for the
command of a steamer destined for an exploring and trading



OFFER AND ACCEPTANCE. 3

voyage up the Hirer Niger, paying him at the rate of 50/. a
month, commencing from a fixed date — the 1st December, 1854,
— and also 20/. per cent, on the proceeds of the trade. The
plaintiff replied in writing that he accepted the proposal, " to
be paid 50/. a month and 20/. per cent, on the net proceeds of
the trade," and on the other terms mentioned in the defendant's
letter. The plaintiff received 50/. a month for several months
before the voyage commenced, and afterwards proceeded in
command of the vessel. In the course of the voyage up the
river, and before the trading part of it commenced, disputes
having arisen between the plaintiff and one of the gentlemen
sent out with him to conduct the exploring and trading business
of the expedition, the plaintiff in August (the ninth month from
his retainer] relinquished to that gentleman "the navigation
and social management " of the vessel; and from that time until
the end of the voyage it did not appear that he took any actual
part in the navigation or social management, although he pro-
fessed at the time his readiness to lend every assistance, and
co-operated in the trading. When the vessel on her return
reached Fernando Po he discharged a native crew who had
been engaged for the navigation of the Niger, landed different
portions of the cargo, engaged the sailors to complete the crew,
ordered repairs to be done to the ship, and went home in her to
Limerick. There was no evidence that he had actually con-
ducted the navigation of the vessel to Limerick ; but when she
reached that port he received a letter from the defendant (who
had previously heard of the plaintiff's relinquishment of the
actual command) desiring him to discharge the crew, &c. The
plaintiff had received seven months' salary, and had entered on
the ninth month when he gave up the command.



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