Philip H. (Philip Henry) Bagenal.

A new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period (Volume 8) online

. (page 1 of 54)
Online LibraryPhilip H. (Philip Henry) BagenalA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period (Volume 8) → online text (page 1 of 54)
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Moft Eminent Perfons


From the Earlieft Accounts of Time to the prefent Period.


Their remarkable ACTIONS and SUFFERINGS,






Printed for G. G. and Jj ROBINSON, J. JOHNSON, J. NICHOLS, J. SEWELI.,









and HURST, and J. WHITE.



HEATH (BENJAMIN), a lawyer of eminence, and town-
clerk of Exeter, was a celebrated fcholar and an author.
He wrote, I. " An Eflay towards a demonftrative Proof of the
Divine Exiftence, Unity, and Attributes ; to which is premifed,
a fhort Defence of the Argument commonly called, a priori,
1740." This pamphlet was dedicated to Dr. Oliver of Bath,
and is to be ranked amongft the ableft defences of Dr. Clarke's,
or rather Mr. Howe's, hypothefis ; for it appears to be taken
from Howe's " Living Temple/' 2. " The Cafe of the
County of Devon with refpecl; to the Confequences of the new
Excife Duty on Cyder and Perry. Publifhed by the direction
of the Committee appointed at a General Meeting of that
County to fuperintend the Application for the Repeal of that
Duty, 1763," 410. To this reprefentation of the Circum-
(hnces peculiar to Devonfhire, the repeal of the afc is greatly
to be afcribed. The piece indeed was confidered as fo well-
timed a fer vice to the public, that Mr. Heath received fome
honourable notice on account of it at a general meeting of the
county. 3. " Notx five Letiones ad Tragicorum Grzecorum
veterum, ./Efchyli, &c. 1752," 4to; a work which places the
author's learning and critical Ikill in a very confpicuous light :
a principal object of whicfy was to reftore the metre of the
Grecian tragic poets. It is highly valued iby all found critics
of our own and foreign countries. The fame folidity of judge-
ment apparent in the preceding, diftinguifhed the author's laft
production ; 4. " A Revifal of Shakfpeare's Text, wherein the
alterations introduced into it by the more modern editors and
critics are particularly confidered, 1765," 8vo. It appears from
the lift of Oxford graduates, that Mr. Benjamin Heath was
created D. C. L. by diploma, March 31, 1762. The brother of
VOL. VIII. B this



this author, Mr. Thomas Hertf^ an alderman of Exeter, pub-
lifted " An Eflay towards a new Verfion of Job," &c. in 1755.
HEBENSTREIT (}OHN ERNEST), a celebrated phyfician
and philologerof Leipfic, was born at Neuenhoff in thecliocefe
of Neuftadt, in the year 1702. In 1719, he went to the uni-
verfity of Jena, but, not finding a fubfiftence there, removed
to Leipfic. He pafled the greater part of his life in the latter
univerfay, and finally died there in 1756. Befides his acade-
mical and phyiiok)gical traces, he published, in 1739, i. " Car-
men de ufu partium," or Phyfiologia metrica, in 8vo. 2. c< De
homine fano et asgroto Carmen, fiftens Phyfiologiam, Patholo-
giam, Hygienea, Therapiam, materiam medicam, cum przefa-
tione de antiqua inedicina." Leipfic, 1753, 8vo. 3. " Ora-
tio dc Antiquitatibus Romanis per Africam repertis," 1733, 4to.
4.. " Mufeum.Richterianum," &c. Leipf. 1743. And, 5. A
pofthumous work, entitled, " Palxologia therapise," Halae, 8vo,
1779. This author had alfo an elder brother^ John Chriftian
Hebenftreit, who was a celebrated divine, and profoundly verfed
in* the Hebrew language. -ErnefU has publifhed an eulogium of
each, in his Opufcula Oratoria.

HECHT (CHRISTIAN), a native of Hall, and minifter of
EfTen in Eaft Friezeland, died in 1748, at the age of 52. His
principal works are, i. " Comtnentatio philogico-critico-exe-
"getica," &c. 2. " Antiquitss Harseorum inter Judaeos in Po-
lonia," &c. Befides thefe, he wrote feveral fmaller works in
German. He had a brother, Godfrey Hecht, who was the au-
thor of feveral very learned diflertations.

HECQUET (PHILIP), a French phyfician of frngular merit
and flcil!, but a ftrong partizan of the life of warm water and
of bleeding ; for which reafon he was ridiculed by Le Sage in his
Gil Bias, under the name of Dr. Sangrado. He was born at
Abbeville, in 1661, and pra&ifrd firft in that city, then at Port-
royal, and laftly, at Paris. He was not properly fan gradi, for
he took the degree of do&or in 1697 ; and in 1698 i;ik! more
bufmefs than he could attend. Though attached to the moft
fimple mode of life, he was obliged to keep his carriage, in
which he fhidied with as much aUention as in his clofet. In
1712, he waS appointed dean of the faculty of medicine, and
fuperintended the publication of a fort of difpenfary, called,
" The New Code of Pharmacy," which was published fome
time afterwards. Hecqnet was no lefs zealous in religious mat-
ters than fhidious in his own profeifion, and is faid never to have
prefcribed in doubtful cafes, without having a previous recourfc
to prayer. He lived in the moft abflemious manner, and in
'1727 retired to a convent of Carmelites in Paris, where he
continued acceilible only to the poor, to whom he was a friend,
a comforter, and-a father. He died in 1737, at the age of 76.


H E D E L I N. 3

This able phyfician publifhed feveral works, none of them de-
void of merit. They are thus enumerated, i. " On the in-
decency of men-midwives, and the obligation of women to
nurfe their own children," i2mo, 1728. The reafons he ad-
duces on thefe fubjecls are both moral and phylical. 2. " A
Treatife on thedifpenfations allowed in Lent," 2 vols. I2mo. 1705
and 1715. His own abftemious fyftem inclined him very little
to allow the neceffity of any indulgence. 3. " On Digeftion,
and the Diforders of the Stomach," 2 vols. i2mo. 4. " Trea-
tife on the Plague," I2mo. 5. " Novus Medicinse confpetus,"
two vols. I2mo. 6. " Theological Medicine," two vols. I2mo,
7. ** Natural Medicine," ditto. 8. " De purganda Mediciria
a curarum fordibus," I2mo. 9. " Obfervations on Bleeding in
the Foot," i2mo. 10. " The Virtues of common Water,'*
two vols. I2mo. This is the work in which he chiefly fupports
the dodrines ridiculed by Le Sage. u. " The abufe of Purga-
tives," I2mo. 12. " The roguery of Medicine," in three parts,
I2mo. 13. " The Medicine, Surgery, and Pharmacy of the
Poor," 3 vols. I2mo ; the bell: edition is in 174.2. 14. " The
Natural Hiftory of the Convulfions," in which he very faga-
cioufly referred the origin of thofe diforders to roguery in fome,
a depraved imagination in others, or the confequence of fome
fecret malady. The life of this illuftrious phyfician has been
written at large by M. le Fevre de St. Marc, and is no lefs edi-
fying to Chriltians than inftru&ive to medical ftudents.

HEDELIN (FRANCIS), at firft an advocate, afterwards an
ecclefiaftic, and abbe of Aubignac and Meimac; was born
at Paris in 1604. Cardinal Richelieu, whofe nephew he
educated, gave him his two" abbeys, and the protection of that
miniflxr gave him confequence both as a man of the world and
as an author. He figured by turns as a grammarian, a claffical
fcholar, a poet, an antiquary, a preacher, and a writer of ro-
mances ; but he was moll known by his book entitle?!, " Pra-
tique du Theatre," and by the quarrels in which his haughty
and prefumptuous temper engaged him, with fome of the moft
eminent authors of his time. The great Corneille* was one of
thefe, whofe difguft firft arofe from the entire omiflion of his
name in the celebrated book above-mentioned. He was alfo
embroiled, on different accounts, with madame Scuderi, Menage,
and Richelet. The warmth of his temper exceeded that of his
imagination, which was confiderable; and yet lie lived at court
a good deal in the ityle of a philofcpfier, rifmg early to his
ftudies, folliciting no favours, and aifociating chiefly with a few
friends, as unambitious as himfelf. He defcribes himfelf as of
a (lender conftitution, not capable of taking much exercife, or
even of applying very intenfely to ftudy, without fuffering from
it in his he..lth ; yet not attached to any kind of play. " It is,"

B 2 . fays


fays he, " too fatiguing for the fecblenefs of my body, er too
indolent for the a&ivity of my mind." The abbe d'Aubignac
lived to the age of 72, and died at Nemours in 1676. His
works are, I. " Pratique du Theatre," A mfterdam, 1717, two
vols. 8vo ; alfo in a 41 edition publimed at Paris; a book of
confiderable learning, but little calculated to infpire or form a
genius. 2. " Zenobie," a tragedy, in profe, compofed accord-
ing to the rules laid down in his " Pratique," and a complete
proof of the total inefficacy of rules to produce an interefting
drama, being the mod dull and fatiguing performance that was
ever reprefented. The prince of Conde faid, on the fubjeft of
this tragedy, " We give great credit to the abbe d'Aubignac for
having fo exactly followed the rules of Ariftotle, but owe no
thanks to the rules of Ariftotle for having made the abbe produce
fo vile a tragedy." He wrote a few other tragedies alfo, which
are worfe, if poffible, than Zenobia. 3. " Macaride; or the
Queen of the Fortunate Iflands," a novel. Paris, 1666, 2 vols.
8vo. 4. " Confeils d'Arifte a Celimene," I2mo. 5. " Hif-
tbire du terns, ou Relation du Royaume de Coqueterie," I2mo.
6. " Terence juftifie," infcrted in fome editions of his " Pra-
tique." 7. " Apologie de Spectacles," a work of no value.
A curious book on fatyrs, brutes, and monfters, has been attri-
buted to him ; but though the author's name was Hedelin, he
does not appear to have been the fame.

Groflen-hayn, in Mifnia, was born in 1675. His firft publi-
cation was an edition of Empedocles de Sphaera, with his own
notes, and the Latin verfion of Septimius Florens, in 1711,
Drefden, 410. He then publifhed, a " Notitia Audlorutn,"
in 8vo, 1714. His celebrated manual lexicon was publiflied,
firft at Leipfic, in 8vo, 1722, and has been republilhed here
with many additions, by Young and Patrick ; but it has fince
been much more improved by Ernefti, and republifhed at Leipfic,
in 1767. Hederich publiflied other lexicons on different fubje&s,
and died in 1748. Ernefti fays of him, that he was a good
man, and very laborious, but not a profound fcholar in Greek,
nor well qualified for compiling a lexicon for the illuftration of
Greek authors.


HEIDEGGER (}OHN HENRY), a proteftant divine of Swit-
zerland, born at Urfevellon, a village near Zurich, in 1633.
He was firit a teacher of Hebrew and philofophy at Heidelberg,
then of divinity and ecclefiaftical hiftory at Steinfurt ; and laftly,
of morality and divinity at Zurich, where he died in 1698.
He publifhed, i. " Exercitationes fele&as de Hiftoria facra Pa-
triarcharum," in ttvo volumes, 4to, the firft of which appeared
atAmfterdam, in 1667, the latter in 1671. 2. " De rationc


ftudiorum opufeula aurea," &c. I2mo, Zurich, 1670. 3. " Tu-
mulus Tridentini Concilii," Zurich, 1690,410. 4. " HiflorU
Papatus," Amft. 1698, 410. There is alfo afcribed to him,
5. A trat, " De peregrinationibus religions," in 8vo, 1670.
And, 6, " A Syftem of Divinity," folio, 1700.

HEIDEGGER (JOHN JAMES), was the fon of a clergyman,
and a native of Zurich in Switzerland, where he married, but
left his country in confequence of an intrigue. Having had an
opportunity of vifiting the principal cities of Europe, he ac-
quired a tafte for elegant and refined pleafures, which, united
to a ftrong inclination for voluptuoufnefs, by degrees qualified
him for the management of public amufements. In 1708, when
he was near 50 years old, he came to England on a negotiation
from the Swifs at Zurich; but, failing in his embafly, he en-
tered as a private foldier in the guards for protection. By his
fprightly, engaging converfation, and insinuating addrefs, he
foon worked himfelf into the good graces of our young people
of fafhion ; from whom he obtained the appellation of " the
Swifs count [A]." He had the addrefs to procure a fubfcription,
with which in 1709 he was enabled to furnim out the opera of
Thomyris [B]," which was written in Englifti, and performed at
the queen's theatre in the Haymarket. The mufic, however,
was Italian ; that is to fay, airs felecled from feveral operas by
Bononcini, Scarlatti, Steffani, Gafparini, and Albinoni. Moft
of the fongs in " Thomyris" were excellent, thofe by Bonon-
cini efpecially: Valentini, Margarita, and Mrs. Tofts fung in
it ; and Heidegger by this performance alone was a gainer of
500 guineas [cj. The judicious remarks he made on feveral
defects in the conduct of our operas in general, and the hints
he threw out for improving the entertainments of the royal
theatre, foon eftablimed his character as a good critic* Appeals
were made to his judgement ; and fome very magnificent and
elegant decorations, introduced upon the (tage in confequence of
his advice, gave fuch fatisfa&ion to George II. who was fond
of operas, that, upon being informed to whofe genius he was
indebted for thefe improvements, his majefty was pleafed from
that time to countenance him, and he. foon obtained the chief
management of the Opera-houfe in the' Haymarket. He then
undertook to improve another fpecies of diverfion, not lefs
agreeable to the king, which was the mafquerades, and over
thefe he always prefixed at the king's thpatre. f}e \yas like-

[A] He it twice noticed under this title Count.*

in the" Tatler," No$. iz, and 18; and [u] There was another opera of thf

in Mr. Duncombe's f* Collection of Let- fame name, by Peter Motteux, in 1719.
te f 'S of feveral eminent Ferfons deceafed," [c] " Thomyris" and <* Camilla,"

is a humorous dedication of Mr, Hughes's were both revived 11117465 but neither

* Viftoa of Chaucer," to " the Swifs then fusceeded,

B 3 Vife


wife appointed matter of the revels. The nobility now carefTed
him fo much, and had fuch an opinion of his tafte, that all
fplendid and elegant entertainments given by them upon parti-
cular occafions, and all private aifemblies by fubfcription, were
fubmitted to his direction [D].

From the emoluments of thefe feveral employments, he gained
a regular andconliderable income; amounting, it is faid, in fome
years, to 5000!. which he fpent with much liberality ; particu-
larly in the maintenance of perhaps fomewhat too luxurious a
table ; fo that it may be faid, he raifed an income, but never a for-
tune. His foibles, however, if they deferve fo harfh a name,
were completely covered by his charity, which was boundlefs.
After a fuccefsful mafquerade, he has been known to give away
feveral hundred pounds at a time. " You know poor objects
of diflrefs better than I do," he would frequently fay to the
father of the gentleman who furniihed this anecdote, *' Be fo
kind as to give away this money for me." This well-known
liberality, perhaps, contributed much to his carrying on that
diverfion with fo little oppofition as he met with.

That he was a good judge of muiic, appears from his opera :
but this is all that is known of his mental abilities [E]; unlefs
we add, what we have good authority for faying in honour to
his memory, that he walked from Charing-crofs to Temple-bar,
and back again ; and when he came home, wrote down every 4
fign on each fide the Strand.

As to his perfon, though he was tall and well made, it was
not very pleafmg, from an unnfual hardnefs of features [F_"]. But
he was the firft to joke upon his own uglinefs ; and he once laid
a wager with the earl of Chefterfield, that, within a certain given
time, his lordfhip would not be able to produce fo hideous a face
in all London. After ftri6l fearch, a woman was found, whofe
features were at firft fight thought ftronger than Heidegger's ;
but, upon clapping her head-drefs upon himfelf, he was univer-
fally allowed to have won the wager. Jolly, a well-known
taylor, carrying his bill to a noble dukej his grace, for evafion,

[D] The writer of this note has been And explains Heidegger to mean "aftiange

favoured with the fight of an amethyft bird from Switzerland, and not (as fome

fnuff-box fet in gold, prefented t'j Hei- have fuppofed) the name of an eminent

deggcr in 1731, by the duke of Lorrain, perfon, who was a man of parts, and, as

afterwards emperor of Germany, which was faid of Petroaius, Arbiter Elegan-

Heidegger very highly valued, and be- tiarum."

queat'ned to his executor Lewis Way, efq; [F J There Is a metzotinto of Heideg-

of Richmond, and which is now (July ger by J. Faber, 1742, (other copies dated

1784) in the pofleffion of his fon Benja- 1749} from a painting by Vanloo, a ftrik-

roin Way, efq; ing likenefs, now (1784.) in the pofleffion

[i] Pope (Dunciad, I. 489.) calls the of Peter Crawford, efq. His f?ce is alfo

bird which attended on the goddefs, introduced in more than one of Hogarth's

" a monfter of a fowl, prints.
Something betwixt a Heidegger and owl."



iaici, " Damn your ugly face, I never will pay you till you bring
ine an uglier fellow than yourfelr!" Jolly bowed and retired,
wrote a letter, and fent it by a fervant to. Heidegger ; faying,
" his grace wiihed to fee him the next morning qn particular
bufmefs." Heidegger attended, and Jolly was there to meet
him; and in confequcnce, as foon as Heidegger's vifttwas over,
Jolly received the cam.

The late facetious duke of Montagu (the memorable con-
triver of the bottle conjurer a t the theatre in the Haymarket)
gave an entertainment at the Devil-tavern, Temple-bar, to fe-
veral of the nobility and gentry, fele&ing the moil convivial,
and a few hard drinkers, who were all in the plot. Heidegger
was invited, and a few hours after dinner, was made fo dead
drurvk that he was carried out of the room, and laid infenfible
upon a bed. A profound fleep enfued ; when the late Mrs,
Salmon's daughter was introduced, who took a mould from his
face in plafler of Paris. From this a mafk was made, and a
few days before the next mafquerade (at which the king promi'fed
to be prefent, with the countefs of Yarmouth) the duke made
application to Heidegger's valet de chambre, to know what fuit
of clothes he was likely to wear; and then procuring a fimilar
drefs, and a perfon of the fame ftature, he gave him his in-
ftru&ions. On the evening of the mafquerade, as foon as his
majefly was feated (who was always known by the conductor of
the entertainment ajid the officers of the court, though concealed
by his drefs from the company) Heideggc-r, as ufual, ordered the
raufic to play " God fa-ve the King;" but his back was no
fooner turned, than the ftilfe Heidegger ordered them to itrike
up " Charly over the Water." The whole cpmpany were in-
flantly thunderflruck, and all the courtiers, not in the plot,
were thrown into a llupid coniternation. Heidegger flew to the
mufic-gallery, fwore, (tamped, and raved, accufed the muficians
of drunkennefs, or of being fet on by fome fecret em-my to
ruin him. The king and the countefs laughed fo immoderately,
that they hazarded a difcovery. While Heidegger flayed in the
gallery, " God fave the King", was the tune ; but when, after
fetting matters to rights, he retired to one of the dancing- rooms,
to obferve if decorum was kept by the company, the counterfeit
flepping forward, and placing himfeJf upon the floor of the
theatre, juil in front of the mufic gallery, called out in a mod
audible voice, imitating Heidegger, damned them for block-
heads, had he not jult told them to play "Charly ov?-r the'
Water?'? A paufe enfued ; the muficiai s, who knew his cha-
racter, in their turn thought him either drunk or mad; but, aS
he continued his vociferation, ' Charly" was played again.
At this repetition of the fuppofed affront, fome of the officers of
the guards, who always attended upon thefe occafions, were for

B 4 afcending


afcending the gallery, and kicking the muficians out; but the
late duke of Cumberland, who could hardly contain himfelf,
interpofed. The company were thrown into great confufion.
*' Shame! Shame!" refounded from all parts, and Heidegger
once more flew in a violent rage to that part of the theatre facing
the gallery. Here the duke of Montagu, artfully addreffing
himfelf to him, told him, " the king was in a violent paflion ;
that his beft way was to go inftantly and make an apology, for
certainly the muficians were mad, and afterwards to di (charge
them." Almoft at the fame inftant, he ordered the falfe Hei-,
degger to do the fame. The fcene now became truly comic in
the circle before the king. Heidegger had no fooner made a
genteel apology for the infolence of his muficians, but the falfe
Heidegger advanced, and, in a plaintive tone, cried out, " In-
deed, Sire, it was not my fault, but that devil's in my likenefs."
Poor Heidegger turned round, flared, ftaggered, grew pale, and
could not utter a word. The duke then humanely whifpered
in his ear the fum of his plot, and the counterfeit was ordered
to take off his mafic. Here ended the frolic ; but Heidegger
fwore he would never attend any public amufement, if that witch
the wax- work woman did not break the mould, and melt down
the mafk before his face [G].

Being once at fupper with a large company, when a queftion
was debated, which nation of Europe had the greateft ingenuity;
to the furprife of all prefent, he claimed that character for the
Swifs, and appealed to himfelf for the truth of it. " I was
born a Swifs," faid he, *' and came to England without a far-
thing, where I have found means to gain 5000!. a year, and to
fpend it. Now I defy the mod able Englishman to go to Swit-
zerland, and either to gain that income, or to fpend it there,"
He died Sept. 4, 1749* at the. advanced age of 90 years, at his
houfe at Richmond in Surrey, where he was buried. He left
behind him ene natural daughter, mifs Pappet, who was mar-
ried Sept. 2, 1750, to captain (afterwards fir Peter) Denis [H],

Jo] To this occurrence the following Of two hogflieads of Burgundy, Satan

imperfeft ftanzas, tranfcribed from the drank both.

hand-writing of Pope, are fuppofed to re- Then all like a the Devil appear'd,

late. They were found on the back of a And ftrait the whole tables of difliei he

page containing fome part of his tranfla- clear'd:

tion, either of the " Iliad," or " OdyfLy," Then a friar, then a nun,

in the Bmifh Mufeum. And th.-n he put on

A face all the company took for his own.

xm. Even thine, O fa.fe Heidegger! who wert

Then he went to the fide-board, and call'd fo wicked

for much liquor, To let in the Devil

And glafs after glafs he drank quicker and [H] Who died June 12,777?, being

euicker; then v^ce-admiral of the red. See me-

So that Heidegger quoth, mo'irs of him ia Gent. Mag. 1780, p.

Nay* faith on bj oath, zo8,



Part of this lady's fortune was a houfe at the north-weft corner
of Queen-fqnare, Ormond-ftreet, which fir Peter afterwards
fold to the late Dr. Campbell, and purchafed a feat in Kent, plea-
fantly fituated near Weftram, then called Valence, but now (by
its prefent proprietor, the earl of Hillfborough) Hill Park.

HEINECCIUS (JoHN-GoTLiEB), a German lawyer, was
born at Eifemberg in 1681, and trained in tjie (tudy of philo-
fophy and law. He became profelfor of philofophy at Hall, in
1710, and of law in 1721, with the title of counfellor. In
1724, he was invited to Franeker; and, three years after, the
king of Pruffia influenced him to accept the law-profefforfhip at
Francfort upon the Oder. Here he continued till 1733, when
the fame prince almoft forced him to refume the chair at Hall,
where he remained till his death in 1741, although he had
ftrong invitations from Denmark, Holland, &c. His principal
works (for they are numerous) are, I. " Antiquitatum Roman-
orum Jurifprudentiam illuftrantium fyntagma." The beft edition
of which is the fifth, publimed at Leward in 1777. 2. " Elementa
Juris Civilis fecundum ordinem Inftitutionum & Pandedlarum,"

Online LibraryPhilip H. (Philip Henry) BagenalA new and general biographical dictionary; containing an historical and critical account of the lives and writings of the most eminent persons in every nation; particularly the British and Irish; from the earliest accounts of time to the present period (Volume 8) → online text (page 1 of 54)