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Philip John Ritter.

Family register of George Christian Ritter of Leiningen online

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FAMILY REGISTER



OF



George Christian Ritter



OF



Leiningen, Rheinpfalz, Baiern
Germany

and his Descendants
from the year of our Lord 1735 to the year 1905




COMPILED BY

PHILIP JOHN RITTER

PHILADELPHIA, PA.
U. S. A.



WALTHER PRINTING HOOSE, PHILADELPHIA.



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^u^ iinuini iV'arhUnmmni
linm Hiahrr i^rii iSrils IT35 bis Eimi 3Jiilur ] 11115



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2( 11 m e i n e T t e fi e n ?3 1 u t ^ n e nt) a n b t e n.

CS'in ©riifi an dud) x'llle !

^ic ^Inrei^unt^ ^uin (2d)vciben einer A-ami(ien=(S)cid)id)tc, :'1ici^iftcv ober ©tainm=
hawn, entftanb biitmvd), baf; nuiii tiit^lid) !L'eutc iac\a\ l)ort : ,/).lu'ine Gltern obor
C^vo^elteni taiiien and) ooii T>eutfd)lanb, mie aber bic ®taM, &t'r Ort obor ^ao
Jiiaiib l)ei|5t, uieif5 id) nid)t." 'Isielc uiil'feii ind)t, mic il)vo (^Jvof^cltcvn, oon ^e^•
'3Jiiitterfeite ber Jainilic l)cv, i^ci)icf5en l)abcn. iHuf biefe ':?(euf!mnuu'n )o t-^ldcv
tatii tnir ber ©ebante, baf? co ld)on unb uninjd)ciioiucvtl) iiuivc, uh-iui unfcvc Tiad)-
tonimon )ac\a\ tonnten, lucr il)re 'isorcltcni unircii, wo fie l)cv[tamiiien unti luic fie
Ijiefjeii unb unvo il)v ^^evuf obev (sicfdjiift mar. 1!)uvd) meiiieu 'i^cfud) iiiit iiiciner
A'rtnulie nad) (i'uvopit unb befonbero nad) ^eutfd)lanb fanb id) and) cine 3cl)niud)t,
bcu Drt UU1 id) i^eboven unb ex^^oi^en univbc, :\n feben, baffelbc 'iH-vlani^cn ^il• 2 telle
ju feben mo niein "isatev lU'boren un^ evu^i^en uuir, i^leid) ftavt in iniv, un^ id) nn^
meine beiben 3i.ibne fubven nad) beni Cvt, nad) bev 3 telle, uumon uiein 'ivitev niiv
fo oft un^ uiel eiviblte, niinilid) nad) t>ein 'Oceubof bei 'JUtleiniiuu'u, in ^ev r)i'bein=
pfal,^; nad)beni miv ttovt aiuu'toniinen un^ ber banialiiu" '-lu'filier uu'o fo ^ienilid)
alieo .^nteveffante lU'.H'i'^t unb erfliirt b'ltte, t'amen mir auf bie ('^)efd)id)te unferev
3(f)nen ju fpved)en. A^err ^obaiui .Udrd)er erbot fid) ^ie ('')efd)id)te auf bem ))iatI)Q=
l)auo ju SUtleiniurten burd),^ufucben unb mir nad) xHnierit'a nad),^ufd)iden, nnv^ er niit
.sSiilfe beci i^errn ^^>farverc> non ',Hltleinini^en and) unrt'lid) tbat. Xuvd) ben t$ni=
pfani^ biefev Uvtun&en nnlr^e in 3tant) c^efet.U eo ui untenu'bnien, einen 3tanun;
bauni ober /5-ainilien=^)(et^ifter ,^u fd)reiben un^ ^ufaiiniien \n felion, ^a'^ ,^-unbaiiu'nt
^a^u UHiv ba, ti"o tbut niir aber lei^ fai^en ui niiiifen, ^af^ id) iiber tien 'in'rbleib
^er ')uid)toninien oon ^en .Stinbern tieo ("-K-ori^ Cibriftian :)(itter, ^ie mit ^en (iltern
nad) 'Kuffifd)='].Hilen finb, nid)to erfabren tonnte. \s\)7 batte id) einen iHiifaui^
i^emad^t, mufjte eo aber mei^en (^)efunM)eit'^^lftan^ unterlaffen. "Jiad) (jrreid)uni^
uieineo fiebeuJiigften ^ebeneiatjre luurbe id; torperlid; \mt) geiftili mieDer hdftig unb



JBoitnort.

fiibltc ciiu- 'ix'nciftcniiui tiafiiv, imicvou ^1iad)toiinucn ciu Ci"rbtl)cil ^u [)intcrlaffcn,
nun-aiif oin ic^c^• ^)iad)tomiiu- ^cl• uicr '~^-^vii?cv: '^'orcn^ 'i'l)ilip, C5l)vifttan, ^sobannco
u^^ ,\obanii t^bilip ?)iittci-, cbbnc luni (^)oov(i (5bvii'tian un^ Ci'ini ^Hitter, ftol^
^lU•aur fi'in ftnf, iiamlicb ^ic1oo '^iucb ull^ ^cffon "siibalt, uun-iii man ntd)t miv Die
('>)ol"d)id)tc feiner X'lbucu fiiiDcn faun, ioiiDan icinc ottUMie Weidnd)tc, lln^ uieifu'o 'Imi =
pier Hf""!^/ ""i i^'i'i^" eiiu^nen ')iad)toini)ien, ibve 'Jiainen unD "Jl^rten itnb bie 3(bvelfen
wo Die 'isermauDten umbnen, eiiifdu'eiben ,^u toimen. llm Dem ^eitc^eift, iiiovin luir
jeUt uiobneii (^eved)t ,^ii uHnDeii, wo imin per X'uinpt unD (iiectrieitdt 100 ^Jieilen
per ©tiinDe fiibrt; luo man leleiinipbirt, telepbonirt uiiD pbotoc^apbirt, fo merDen
bie pbotoc^rapbifdien '^^ilDer uon nabe^u bunbert '^ierfonen pon unferen 33hitcnH"r=
umnbten in Dem i^mi)\: \n fiiiben fein, fo baf? menn mir bie '-Befdjreibung eiiier
^serfoii lefen, mir ibr '^^ilD nor nno I)aben.

IMe 5(bfid)t ober ber oinecf be'o 'ini-faffero ift nid)t allein an\ bie Wefd)id;te unb
S^ert^augeuljeit i^erid)tet, fonbern aucb anf Die C^uuienipart unb ontunft.

/"yreunbfdinft ber '^sernninDten foil lebeuD erbalten unb gepflegt merben burd)
iiftere'j ;-^nfammentommen, Durd) "^xMoeife ber ^'iebe \i[ einanber, burd) niaud;eo
i^ute SlHU-f, bao bie AreunDfdiaft ftiirlt, luoriiber im C5"n(^lifd)en in " Cultivatinc
Our Friendshi]) " i^erebet mirD. "Juicb Diefem tommt ein i'lrtit'el iiber
" Natural or Moral Law" unb eine c\(\n\\: ^)ieibe von perlenDen 'llnn'ten fiir
DJenfdien, bie bent'en. 'Jdleo biefeo babe id) ,^uiu"fiii';t fiir '^-ielebrunc-i ber l)eran=
umdjfenben Weneration, befonbero ber xHrtifel: •' Mfditations on the Philos-
(tl)hy of Life," ift ale 'i.'ebre unferer ')(ad)fontmen unb \\\ ber (5r()altung bes
5tamme^ Ciemibmet.

jyerner fd)rieb id) aud^ nod) einen ^J(rtit'el iiber " Hygienic," ober @efunb=
beitciregel, uni ',um 'll^obl unb (S)ebeil)en ber ^)iittero bei,^utra('(en. (2in 5(rtilel
iiber Mrant'beiten im xHnfani^ berfelben unD etlid)e ')(e^epte fiir ,SU-ant'l)eiten, bie Der
Sdjreiber biefeo erprobt unb i-(ut gefunben l)at.

;i-5egeiftert burd) bao 'Hsol)hpo(len feiner (Mefiil)Ie feinen 'Jfngebbrigen unb

in'ripanbten gegeniiber, ()at ber -Iscrfaffev leine ^llJiibc nod) ,SUiften gefd)eut unb t>cn

'Jiad)tommen ber ^'i^milie bes Gieortj tSljnftian ::){itter, geboreu 1760, biefeo "ihid)

geiuiDniet.

llni unfevn Deutfd)en ^^n'mniuDten ,^u lieb babe id) Den erften Iibeil Diefeci

'-Pud)e'j in Tenlfd) gefd)rieben. (j'o ift unD bleibt eine fd)bne (j'rinnerunn an bie

alte .s>eimatl). 4}ie '^•>efd)reibung unfereo ('»)eburtclanbe'>, Der Crte, Der 'i-^erge,

Der ^Hboin, unb follte bie jiiiuu'ren '3iad)t'omnum aufmnntern bie beutfd)e 3prad)e

nU erbalten in unferer ^■IsermanDtfd)aft. (i'o ift bod) fo fd)bn menu man mebr aid

eine Zpradje faun, unb fd)liefH' niit Dem 2prud):

^^sflege bie beutfd)e ©prad)e,
Qvi)aUe bag beutfcfie SCort,
3)er @eift unferer Skater
2ebt in i()nen fort.



Greeting to Our Blood Relations.



i\Iaiiy dt" my blood fi'hitions, ('S]iooi;illy those of my iieiim-jit ion.
know Ili;it cviT since I have been in America. I kept in connection with
them l)y coiTes|)on(lence, latcf by visits and con-espondence. nntil
nearly all of ouf celalions had been visited by myself and I'amilx'. and
most of our iflations have been brom;ht closer lo^clhei' in IViendship
by thesi' inlluences. This extends over a pei'iod of time of neai'ly \'ny\y
years, (^uite a nnmbei' of i-elatives have been bronuht closer to'jether by
bu.'-iness lies. 1 Ionc m\- kinsmen: I believe that blood is thicker than
water. .My kiiismeii have had the pi'eference in business opportunities
with me and in the case of many of tliem, theii- life's doings been
shaped and made a success, through this intluence of i-elat ionship.

We meet many peojjlc thi'on^h life who say that their ancesters
came from Kui"o|)e or (iermany, but whei'c they do not know, and some
(jo not even know the names of theii' grandparents. 'Idiis is easily ini-
dci'stood when the descendants of four bi'others in foui' licnerat ions or
one hundredyears. amount toa])out foui' Innidi'ed descendants. scattered
all over the woi'ld. A thonyht came to my mind, that to kecj) up our
relation and friendship, it would l)e very good to have a family history,
so that future generations might k'uow their- ancestors and i-elations,
and that this feeling that blood relations should have for each other
should be continued to time indefinite.

While \isiting in (lermany, I came into |)ossessiou of the history
of our ancestors for foui- genei'ations back, of m\' own 1 have the foun-
dation for the histoi'y of this book'. .\t the pl'esenl lime, lliel'e ai'(>
se\'en generations, whose recoi'ds are wi'itten down in this book. To
make simply a I'ecord of naiin's of births, mai'riages and deaths, would,
to many, bi' \i']'y iniinterest ing readini:'. I lia\'e. tlierefo)'e. given a
short desci'ij)t ion of the oriiiin of the name "K'ilter." the country of
our ancestors, their familx' suri'ouudin<_:s. biography of I he li\-e.s as ne;ir
correct as possible, also the life histoi'y <d' oui' i^'cnei'at ions. To kee|)
with the spii'it of the age in which we live, there ai'e photographs of
many of our relatives in this book.



10 GREETING TO OUR BLOOD RELATIONS.

To prolong the life of the present and future generations and con-
tinue our kindred and make them luippy and good citizens of this great
country of ours by adoption, the Ihiited States of America, you will
find a nnnibei" of writings on Natural or Moral Law, that are very
gratifying to one's soul. Some of the \\i-itings I liavc had over thirty
years, and value tlicm like pcai-ls ;in(l diamonds.

l^'ollowing the foregoing, is ;in article on tlie "Meditations on the
PhiIosopli\' of Life" and hygienic iiiles, also a few remarks on the
treatment of diseases, as experienced by tiie writer.

The writer's object o1' all is 1o leave each of the descendants of
tlie four hrothei-s, Lorenz, I'hilip, Chi-istian, Johannes, and Johann
Philip Ixitter, sons of (Jeorge Christian and Eva Ritter of Neuhof,
Altleiningen, an inheritance tlnit they can ])oint to with pride, and
tliat is, they should read family liistoi-y. I hope that generation after
generation will follow in the same honorable path, and that this sluill
he their guide, and continue the histoi-y ol' future generations on the
bhink pages in the hack of this hook. I i-c(piest, also, that l/ic pos.'^cssdr
ol' a hook shall write in the hack of the hook the nanie of the [tei'son he
shall will the book to after his death.

Those of our blood relations that were not so fortunate as to I'e-
ceive a German education and cannot read the fii'st oi' (ierman j^art of
this book, the writi'r infoi'nis them liei'cwith that the only thing not
writtcti in English is the description of the natixc towns and country
where boi'ii and raised, and the older generation that came I'rom (ler-
many and had no time or opportunity to learn the Iviglish granuuar.
It is those that the writer had in mind to give the i)leasui'e to i-ead in
the language they understand best.

In writing the conclusion of this book I wish to say to the de-
scendants of the Ritter family that they should hold this book as sacred
nearly as their Bi])le, for herein is the history of their father and
mother and also tlii'ir own. '^Pliis part concludes only my writings.
This book is not concluded until all the blank papers contained herein
ai'c lilled with writings of the liis|(»ry of future g<'nerations yet un-
born, together with their doings and tlii'ir |)ietures: theref(»re, take
care of this book, guard it against loss from any cause, lire oi' accident.
Many persons have inherited great wealth b,\ being able to trace their



GREETING TO OUR BLOOD RELATIONS. 1 1

ancestry. Do not change any letter in your name that iiiighl be a
hindrance to anyone doing so in cases of inheritance. Books are
written and printetl to l)e read, and tlu\\" are read often if they are
interesting to the person rt^adiiig tlieni. The author of this has tried
his l)est to make this intei-est iiig to all eoiieerned. and liopes tliat he
has sneeeeded to pk'ase the lai-ges1 nnmher ol' oui' i-ehitives; to please
all. is an imi)Ossibility. It' any one of the I'amiiies lind that something
eoneeiaiiiiL;' tlieni has been omitteck they ean enter it on tlit^ blank uau'es
of the l)ook and send a eopy ot* tlie same to otiici's that ha\e the books,
to enter on theirs. 'i'he address of the po.ssessors of this l)ook will be
found in the Registry of Names.



12



©citeoloflte Der JHittcr ,"^01111110.




lEtii Sittrr



(£iii :)Jittcr, ber hod^ fciii Scbivert fiir (^i'fif)^^^ fct)aniuit,

IVit 2Cort unb ®d)nft iiad) '!lBal)rl)eit ringt,

(£in Ocutfc^eiJ I'icD gefu()liH'»U fingt,

®cin cvftci? (^)[a^ bcm ^vifbd)en tniiuit, —

Dcm fct)cnfct mm bcm bcftcn 2Bctu

Den ^l^cd)cv bii< ^uiii i:Hanbc cin

Hub lapr in nnffrcc^ i>3nnbe? ?i\([b'n

^sbn tanfcnbmal ivillfommcn [cin.




GERMAN XATIOXAL MONUMENT



At the Niertrrwalfl. Erefted in rommcmoratinn of tlio iitiity of the German Nation in 1 S83, on the
top of a terraced vineyard-covered side of n monntaiii, facinK tlie River Rliine. and HinKi'ii. soofeel below,
The beauty of tlie landscape and scenery beyond is unsurpassed in Knrope. Architectural base of monu-
ment, <S0 feet high. Noble figure of Germania, :!5 feet high, called the " Wacht am Rheiu."



Wfiiraloflie bcr !Hittf> J^nmiltc. 15



lEtti ($pbrt.

■I?icf)t flrl)' id) nm ben Sciieii eui'c^en ©liicfee,

5Jicf)t flel)' idi iini eiu fliidjtig (Srbetiflut ;
@ib, ©wither, mir in ©titvmen be^ ©efd^icfes

3)ent ©oifte ,^raft unb nieinem ^ter^en 53hit[).
3)en ^'.fab be^ 9ied)teQ laf? ntid) ru^ifl fd)reiten,

Db ftill bie i'lift, ob iinlb bie ©tiirnic uu'()'n ;
Unb ein§ fltb niir, Wott, ,^u nllen ,^eiten,

D bie id) Hebe, laf; ntid) (-((iidlid) fe^'n.

"^nx ber ift arm, ber einfam jie^t bie ^^fabe,

3>on bem I)inuie(i ber ii'iebe ©ncjel fltef)'n ;
©ir, ©d^tdffal, ©onf ! bn ()aft in betner (Mnnbe

23er Sieb' unb (yi"eiiiibfd)aft ©ec^en ntir iierlicl)'ii.
D, 31116, bie niiv Stebe je ^efpenbet, '

2luf 33lumen Infe fie euiiti ge[)'n,
2)afe nie i^r ©liid unb 3Bonne enbet,

D, bie id) liebe, laf; mic^ gliidlid) fel^'n.

©ic^', if)re ^reuben roill id^ jubetnb t^eilen.

Wid) foil beicegen roa^ i^r ^erj beraecjt ;
Sc^ raeife e§, nieine JBunben raerben f)ei[en

©0 lanc^ fie milb bie .t>anb ber Stebe pfleflt.
2Jln i()rer ^reube foil mein .s>ers fid) fonnen,

5Benn melfenb nteines Wliide^ iMumen fte[)'n,
Unb ilftre 5IBDnnen feien nieine 2Bonnen,

D, bie id) liebe, la^ mid) flliirflic^ fel)'n.



Wciicnioflic ficr JHittcr J?omilic. 17



Safi IGan^ mtHcrrr Unrhatrr. ,. lplttiirMau^.**

liciU in Diittcl^ti'uropa. 5einc Vdngc ift um^efdljr SOO Dicilcu lum ^lun? mid)

3iiti lul^ 600 Wiiikn von Oft nad) 31>e[ten. '^^n ''}{orb=T^eutfd)(anb ift Mc Vmiti=

fdiaft iiteiften^ eben, bic c^ec^en ^3}(ittel=X)eutfd^lanb ,^u, wo tiaiin iH-vid)icbonc

'-in-ri^tcttcu cinfotuMi. i>ol)ere ^^erc^e finbct man aber in Sub=X'eut)d)lanti, ndni=

lid) ttic foiicnannten ^^Inoldnfev ber 'vllpcn. Aunf ipauvtftronie buvdjfrcmcn bao

altc iHitcrlanb. ©ie beijV'n, I'on Cften iu"d()lt: bic '>.H"id)fcl, bic Cbcv, bic

ti'lbo, bic ~Ji>efer unb bev ^Kljcin, uHiI)renb ein anbevcv Maupt|tvoni, bio Tonau, ini

Siibcn tljciluieife bus t)eutige beutfd)c ^Kcid) burdjflielU, tljciluieifc mid) bic C^hcnu'

fiiv Ccftcrreic^ bilbet. 3IIIe biefc Aliifje flie^en in' '5 'JJiccr, nnb ^iiHir bic cvftge^

nanntcn ,^nici in bie Cftfec, bic iibvic^'n bvci in bie ^3iorb|cc, unb bic Donau cvc^icfU

fid) in baci Sd)um^e -33icer. ®dinintlid)c finb auf Unu^c Strcrfcn fd)iffbar; (^m^

bcfonbcrci bcv !')U)cin, bcr mobl am meiftcn bcfa()vcn mivb unb uov.^iii^Iid) im

Sommcr wnt) .s^crbft von ben CS'uropa bevcifcnbcn '^(mcvit'ancvn, bic auf (i"rhir=

fiono^T^ampfcvn ben l)eiTlid)ftcn 'Jlu'oblirf auf bao ^){()cintl)al mit fcincn ~:l\>cin:

bcri^cn, .Ulbftcvn unb 5^uv(U-uincn t^cnicfuMi. 2)as :'){l)cintl)al in bcr ']-^al,^ ift im

3.\>cftcn vo\n .sSarbti^cbiriu' unb ben linn^cfcn bcc^vcn^t, nuibrcnb c'> im Cftcn an ben

(Sd)iiiar,vnalb unb ben Obcnmalb l)inanrcid)t. 'i^cibc 'i^cvi^cttcn (bie i^avbt unb

Dbenmalb) finb ungefdljr 15-20 Hieilen uom ^'Kljcinftrom cntfcvnt. !Daci :'){()cint()al

ift cin vcidico, (^cfciVictec iHdcvIanb. iHuQ ben baofclbc umi^cbcnbcn "iicviU'n ci-i'(ief?cn

fid) tleine bcfrud}tenbe ^luffc in bcu ^Hbcin. I^icfc 'i^crcu' finb mciftcn'^ bidmalbig

unb auf bcu .sSo()cpun!ten unb ©ipfcln mit iicrfd)icbcucn '^^uvc^cn lU'tvont, bic aber

bcutc mciftcuG ucrfallcn finb, bod) alo '•33ionumente ucrivmi^'ucr ;-)Cit cin bcicbctes

,Scu(Vuf^ cinfti^cr Wrbf;e unb "-3.)tad)t barlci^cn. Unb fd)bn nuucu bicfc ocitcn fitr

bic fricblid)cn ^cmobncr bicfco rul)iiUMi 4: bales i^rabc nicbt, miifUcu fie bod) bavtcn

^•robnbicnft iierrid)tcn unb fd)iocrc iHbivibcn an bic tlcincn unb (Uof;cn rliaubbcrren

Iciften, bic fcit ,^abrbunbcrtcn mm ibrcn ^in-ftcn unb '^^urt^cu l)crab bao ^^volt

rec^rtcn obcr, bcffcr (\cia(\t, tncd)tctcn. l^cr Untcrabbaiu^ ber '-Isoncfcu unb bc^^

.'oarbti^cbirc^eo ift mit ^Ilseinreben, .Haftanicn= unb l)ianbclbdumcn bcpflan^t.

9i^eitcr binab mirb C^k'tvcibc alter i'lrt i^'baut, befonbcr'o Morn unb 'ilnn^cn. 2)er

Sanbftridj nailer bcm ^)iljeine j^n crgiebt .s^opfen, Xabarf unb ^^ucferriiben.



18 Oencttloflic ficr SHittcr ^ominc.



©a liec^t aii§o;e6rettet in ftet^ werjiinc^ter ^rad^t

©in iDeiter ©otteoi^arten, «om .tiiiimtet reid^ bebad^t.

SOag nur bas i^erj er^ot^et, luas nur ben 23litf erfreut,

Sas finbeft bu [}ier 3(IIeg in giiUe anogeftreut.

SJinflsum bie $8erge qiirtet ber SBalbev gviiner ^van^,

Unb briiber fdiraebt bie Sonne in iFjrem fiellften ©lanj.

®ie Inft'gen 3Jebenf)itgel, ber 3lef)renfelber glur,

©ie jeugen Don ber Siebe ber fcf)affenben dlatux.

2Bo finbet fid^ anf ©rben fo l^eimlicf) trauter Drt?

9Bo flingt fo fiife jnni .^terjen ba^ biebre beutfc^e 2Dort?

2Bo rcoget anf ben ^^Inren ber ©et^en ol)ne 3al)[ ?

2Bo ift ju 5nn§ luib 2Bonne gefd)iiiiicfet iBert? unb J^al?

2Co fiic^t fid^ alfeg @rf)bne jnni (ieblid^ften 3]erein '.'

SacV an beg Sanbeo 3?anten ! — Xa^ ift bie "ijifolj am 5HI;eiii !

2i5er roeefe ido btr ber aBeefee blie^t,
aOBer n)ee§ mo bidj'o (SJejrfiicf fjin^ieFjt.
3?oc() meefe ic^ : [inft ber 3Bannerftab
Unb ftof)fd)t bu an bein 3Jttnb ouin &tab,
©0 beiif in Sieb id) jebenfallg
3iod) frol; an bid;, bu fd;eeni ^fatj.



®a?i ?anb, ba§ unfere 3(l)ncn [H-uio[)nten, ()cifU bie T^fnl.^ Don 5ntcr§ licr ;
eG nun- fdion iiii '^^H'fil} ber ^Xomcr (^eivefen, bie eo ,/^MiUUinatuin" nanntcn, ull^
finbet uum nod) lieute in uieleu ZTlieilen ber ^)il)einpfa(,^ (irinnenuu^en unb opuren
ber ^)(oiner,^eit, bie oor faft 2,000 3al)ren bovt fd)on .s^eerftraf3en nnh fefte 'i^urt^eu
c^ebaut, \a Stiibte i^efd)affen unb beoiilfert ()abeu. 'I)ie Tdxiji ber '^l^fal,^ an A-ranf=
reid) umr eine red)t Ijdufige unb 0(rof3e Urfad)e beci i'etbenci feiner GinuioI)ner
flemefen, ba lodljrenb ,^a()lreid)er Mriege biefe§ ©renUrtu? )neiftenc ben ^rud tier
IHrnteeu '^u erbulben I)atte unb nidjt felteu ^ie (i'rnte unter ben .s>ufen ber ^Koffe ber
')ieifi(H'n ^ertreteu unirt>.

Tivo Mliina ini uH'ftlidien ^lieile t>er 'i^fal^ ift raal), mid) ift Duo l'ant» uieni(U~v
ertvebii^ tiai^ec^en aber reid) an I'iineraUeu, Moblen, (iifen, .SUipfer uut' 3ilbu-.
Tiefe ']-U-obut'tt' unirt>en in alter ^eit menii^ lUiot^ebeutet, ^eun eo fel)Ite an 4^ran:.=
portnutteln, nuibveub l)eut3ulat^e (5ifenbal)u unb l}anipffd)iff tiiefe G'rbfd)dl5e nut3=



Wciicnloflif tier SHittcr J^nmilif. 19

bar madien, inbcni fio titcfclbcn nacl) ^^-n i^rofton .^anbelciftiititt'ii beforbern, mo
(^)euicrbfleif^ un^ tivport fio UHnter iH'vuH'vtl)cn.

'i.^iele A^crrcn babcn fd)on Me '^^fnl^ vct^iert unb auGunirtii^o t>iV^u, ticnon am
tneifton uin tuc C^H-lbcv, bio fio berau'spvcffeiT fonntcn, ^u tl)un luav. Tic i^litd;
Iia)ftc fur''> "Inilt unb nil)im-cid)fte ;^eit ber '^.^faU wax uiitcv ticv ^Kcl^icrunl:^ t>er
^uriiivften, bic in .s>ei&clberi^ refibivton.

3(in fd)rcrflid)i"tcn wax co, alo im ^^al)re 1692 bte ')>fal,^ uon 't>m Aran^ofen
l)cinuul'ud)t uni> t^riifUentlicilo alio betunitontien Stiititc uitb Xiirfor novbvannt, uer=
uiiiftct obcv ^eritbrt nnirben, fo baf, uiole (i'inuiol)ncv fid) nad) anbcvcn ^'iinborn
fUiditeten. 'lUele iV'HU'h audi nad) xHnicrita iHuoflango bes 17. ^,al)rl)unbcvt'o iinb
'Jlnfangs bes IS. ^sal)rl)unborto. lUuo biefcr ;^eit ftanunt bic bcutfdio XHnficbelunfl
im ©taate '^HMinfiiUianien, mo fid) ber pfdl^ifd)e Dialett bcv boutfd)cn 3prad)e bio
auf ben I}eutioien Jai^ ovl)altcn bat, i)el)ec^t unb i^cpflegt irirb.

(Seit 1825 c^el)i.n-t nun bio ')il)einpfal,^ jum .Hbnii^-eid) ^ai)ern alo bcffen
,,rKl)einfveio." ')cad)beni ndmlid) bas alte ."oau^ ^ii>ittel'obad) in 'i^ai}ern aucifle=
ftorben, tani bie 'Jicbenlinie untev bem Wurfiirften uon bov '^.^fal,^ auf ben bai)eri=
fd)on ^bvon, mm ber iftonit^ "Diarimilian I.. ]S25, ben i'lnfaiu^ bilbet. "ikn alle=
bem, baf^ bie '].^faU vow V>a\)\:xn alfo retvert unrb, l)at fie bod) oon 1800 ab (\an\
ert)eblid)e isortbeile lU'i^'iuibev anberen beutfd)en t'anben c^enoffen unb ^mav burd)
bie uon ber fran^ofifd)en 'Kepublit iibernommenen C^efefte, beren Url)eber '1capo=
leon I. mar, unb bie nad) it)m mit bem fran,^i)fifd)en "Stamen "Code Napoleon "
benannt finb. X'iefe Code Napoleon fidjerte ber 'i>fal,^ ©emerbe; unb ^HeliiV;
ono=^-reil)eit, fomie nnab()dni^io(feit unb Steuerfreil)eit loenigfteu'o oon ben oielen
fleinen iHbliiU'n unb l'e()enc4)erren, bie bao Vanb unb bie '^emobner auofaui^en;
auc^ murbe bamalo ,^uc^leid) bie allt^Mueine 3d)ulpflid)t eini^efitl)rt. .s>eute freilid)
uierben bie 3d)ulen uon ben (^emeinben fiir alle ^lielii^ionc-ibet'enntniffe t^emeinfam
oie[)aIten unb bie .Hird)e bat ben (iriifUen "j^heil ibreo (i'influffeo auf bie 'inniualtuiu^
ber 2d)ule uerloren.

I)ie 3teuerpflid)t unferer 3U)nen mar eine fd)mere ^'aft. 'i'(id)t nur baf^ fie
il)re 3(eder, .v^dufer, .vibfe', -^.^ferbe, 'isiel) unb .s>unbe befteuern laffen mufuen, nein,
felbft bad Vid)t, M'o fie burd) bie 3d)eiben ibrer Aenfter empfiui^en, mufue i^emdf',
ber xHn^al)l biefer 2d)eiben uerfteuert luerben. 'J(ber ba'o fd)liminfte Unred)t
beftanb in bem foi^enannten oel)nten, ben fie bei ber trrnte ftel)en laffen mufUen,
alo xHb(Vibe fiir ben, ber feine 3d)eri^en bann biefen ^el)nten Tbeil beo 3d)meif5e'3
feiner Untertbanen einbeimfen lief^ unb nad) ber foc^enannten ,,;^el)ntefd)euer"
fd)idte, 100 er eo uertaufte unb bas C^)elb fiir feine abliiUMi t^affionen uerpra^te.
2)a'd l)eutii^e 3teuerfi)ftem ift eint)eitlid) unb aered)t unb bilbet einen lU'vingen



20 (Senealoflic Dcr iWittcr Jvamilic.

^sro.^cntfal? boo G^infoinnicno, unilivenb ^'cutc mit moniiUT al§ S'22o.()0 iUn-vdmivt
nicbt boftouovt uu-vticii. Tor 3taat, tiic C^iomcinDo unD t^io N\tvd)c botommcii Dicfc
i'lbivUn-ii, iibcv ticrcn ^iscnuentmiu^ fio ticui ~iHHt'c offontlicb :)(od)cnfcbaft ablciu'n
iiuificn, ull^ Mirfcn ^icfc ".Hbcviben mir \\un alliu'n'cinon ".KuUcu aiuuMiuiiiM UH'r^clu

I^ao ^.\)(unu"i)it.Mn in alter ^cit bot oiu vocbt traurii\eo ^-l^il?. Ta C(ab Co
olio covton unti ^ii,sertl)e, prdi^te Docl) faft jetier oin^elne t'leine Stant fcino ci(U"ncn
^IKihucn unb nad) fcinev cii^encn ^il.Hil)nnuv tSarolincn (11 Wultien), ^'ouio'D'oro
(•") ToUarG), 5 Jvriinten=Ii:l)ala-, pvcul>ifd)e '4:()alov, AUonciUhnlcr (j 'i->al3cn un?
o 'lkl3cn=3tiid'c, .Ureiuer, (Mrofd)cn un^ uiclc anl^crc lllimu'ii. 'ixnm MunDcl aiif
ben ^A'lavttpliiUcn nuifUcn alio Dicfe ucrfdiieticncn Sertl)c uinc\crcd)nct unb mit in
bon Miuif cu'noiiuncn lucvbcn, and) c\an] uorjid)tic■^ I)ie[^ co ba fcin, tier 'ix'tmu^ unir
(\ax [m[[\c\ tint) bcv oivrtbnm leid)t. .s>attc ber i^auMcr fein (^'kfdidft noU,u''iU'n, fo
fdinalltc or biefc '^Jiun:;cn in einen leticrnen ©iirt fid) inn ben Veib, luo eo oft aiif
bein Uuu^en inand))nal tac^elang bauernbem .s>inmH'i^e red)t briid'te, aber nod) am
fidieriten mar. .sSeute t-tiebt eo im c^tn^^eu beutfd)en ^)ieid)e nnr ein 'lliiin.^^fDftem,
bao ni ^33iart iinb ""^sfennii^en beftel)t. (Sine fold)e IKarf ift etma 2.") (Sento nad)
unfereut C^ielbe unb f)at 100 '^sfennic^e, ber "-^jfennic^ ift bat)er bie i^eriniifte .Unpfer=
mnnu' unb obfd)on beinal)o fo c^rof^ unb bid' uue 1 (Sent, bod) nur ber oierte ^boil
im ^^^.H'rtl)e. XHud) merben Ijeut^utac^e fd)bne '^Mintnoten, Maffenfcbeiiu-, ^^i>ed)fel
unb (Sherfo uerauociabt, bie ben 'inn-febr fouiel erleicbtern. ^ao ivinu' bentfd)e
(^x'lbmelen unrb oon ber ^Keicbobant rec-(ulirt, unb beftebt feit 1S71 in ebenfo i^ntem
un^ fidjerem 3i)ftem mie bao ameritanifcbe, unb baben jel3t bie 'ixtnern unb
Joiinbler ftatt ber C^ielbgiirtel um ben ^L'eib, ibre C^ielber anf ber ^^ant ober 3par=
faffe unb il)re (5l)ed"bud)er in Her ITafcbe.

Tao ift alleo anberc gemorben, baf, man l)eute fid) taum nod) in bie altc ^eit
nerfetien tann, unb miire ec nid)t iiiec^eu ber alten nod) immer beftel)en^en lliiirfte
unb ber oererbten un^ iH-rbrieften Ueberlieferunc;, iiuin biolte bie alten i^auern unb


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Online LibraryPhilip John RitterFamily register of George Christian Ritter of Leiningen → online text (page 1 of 21)