Philip P. (Philip Pearsall) Carpenter.

The mollusks of western North America online

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acknowledged, the Pacific species are designated by a P. The large series

* The ' Lectures on Mollusca,' in the Vol. for 1860, pp. 151-283, will perhaps be found
useful as a digest of classical forms. It was to have been illustrated with copies of woodcuts,
kindly promised by Dr. Gray, and since placed at the disposal of the Smiths. Inst. by the
courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum ; but, unfortunately, the blocks were not
to be found at the time. They will appear, however, in forthcoming Smithsonian publi-
cations. The 'Lecture on the Shells of the Gulf of California,' in the A r ol. for 1859,
pp. 195-219, contains in a popular form, much of the information distributed through the
Ih-it. Mus. Maz. Cat.



of specimens, representing varieties and ages, in Dr. Lea's private collection
{ire well deserving of close study. Their owner shares the liberality of Mr.
Curaing in making them available for all purposes of scientific inquiry.

The Smiths. Inst. has just issued from the press the first part of the
' Bibliography of North American Conchology, previous to the year I860,' by
W. GK Binney, containing references to all printed information on North
American shells by native writers. It is divided into " A. American descrip-
tions of North American molluscs ; B. American descriptions of foreign
molluscs ; C. Descriptions of foreign species by American authors in foreign
works." The work is prepared with unusual care and completeness, and
with the accurate judgment which characterizes all Mr. Binney's writings.
It contains, under every separate work or paper, " a list of species therein
described or in any important manner referred-to, together with their syno-
nymy, locality, and the volume, page, plate, and figure relating to them."
The second part, containing similar references to American species described
by European writers, is now passing through the press. Mr. Binney has
most kindly sent the proofs to the writer (as far as p. 287), which have been
freely used in preparing this Report, and have supplied various important
sources of information. It undertakes to provide for the whole ^orth American
continent what has been here attempted for the West Coast ; and in much
greater detail, as not only the first description, but all subsequent quotations
are duly catalogued. It may be regarded as a complete index of references
to all works on North American malacology. The student, in making use
of it, will remember that it is only with the Pulmonates that Mr. Binney
professes an intimate acquaintance. For these the work may be regarded as
complete. But, in other departments of the science, only those shells which
are assigned by the authors to North America are quoted ; consequently a
large number of species are passed-over which are truly American, but are
assigned to other places, or described without locality. Also, species really
belonging to other faunas, but falsely attributed to North America, duly
appear as though genuine ; and the additional localities frequently assigned
by the authors (which are often the real habitats) are seldom quoted. More-
over the citations stop at Mazatlan ; consequently, the tropical fauna of the
West Coast is but imperfectly represented. Lastly, the authors are not pre-
sented in chronological or indeed in any other ostensible order ; but it is pro-
mised that the necessary information will be given in the index on the com-
pletion of the work. The student will further bear in mind that for many
reasons no second-hand reference can serve the same purpose as a consultation
of the original book. With these cautions the work will be found invaluable
by all who are engaged in working-out American species ; and great thanks
are due to Mr. Binney for undertaking the extreme labour of its compilation,
and to the Smiths. Inst. for supplying the expense of its publication. Probably
no such work has yet been printed on the malacology of any other country.

Lastly, there is now in preparation a complete series of hand-books on
North American malacology, copiously illustrated with wood engravings, and
containing a digest of all that is known in each department. The marine
shells of the Atlantic are being described by Dr. Stimpson, who is now also
engaged in the dissection of the Freshwater Rostrifers ; the marine shells of
the Pacific are placed in the hands of the writer ; the Pulmonates will be
thoroughly worked-out by Mr. Binney, the Melaniala? by Mr. Try on, and


582 KEPOUT 1 CG3.

the Cy clad id re by Mr. Prime. Thus it appears that the malacologists have
been unusually zealous in advancing their before somewhat slumbering study ;
and that the Smiths. Inst. has displayed unexpected liberality in preparing
and issuing from the press works of a comprehensive character, for the " in-
crease and diffusion of what will hereafter be regarded as an important
branch of "knowledge among men."

94. North Pacific Exploring Expedition. In the year 1853, Dr. W.
Stimpson, well known in very early life for his dredging-researches and ob-
servations on the marine animals of the Atlantic coast, accompanied Captain
King-old as naturalist to the IT. S. " North Pacific Exploring Expedition." Its
principal object was to obtain more correct information with regard to the
Japan seas and the extreme north of the Pacific, and it was only incidentally
that it visited the Californian province. However, Dr. Stimpson's extensive
dredgings in the fiords of Japan developed the interesting fact, that while the
southern shores presented a fauna essentially Indo-Pacific in its character,
and abounding in the usual Cones, Cowries, Olives, &c., the northern slopes
of the same islands presented an assemblage of forms far more analogous to
the fauna of the Sitka and Vancouver region, and containing many species
common to the American coast. During the course of the voyage dredging-
collectionsf were made by Dr. Stimpson at Madeira, Cape of Good Hope, Sydney
Harbour, Coral Seas, Port Jackson, Hong Kong (also by Mr. Wright; New Ire-
land, Lieut. Van Wy eke; Gasper Straits, Squires ; vicinity of Canton, presented
by Mr. Bowring ; interior of Hong Kong, Wright) ; China Sea ; Whampoa ;
Bonin Island; Loo Choo Island; Ousima; Katonasima Straits; Kikaia;
Kikaisima ; Kagosima [alas !] ; Hakodadi ; Taniogesima (also Wright, Kent,
Kern, Boggs, Carter); Simoda; Niphon (also Brook); Arvatska Bay, Kanit-
schatka; Amincheche Island, Avikamcheche Island, Behring Straits; Scnia-
vine Straits, Arctic Ocean (also Captain Rogers) ; San Francisco; (Puget Sound
and Shoalwater Bay, Dr. Cooper, Cat. no. 1849-1856); Tahiti (also Captain
Stephens, Kern), Hawaii (also Garrett ; Sea of Ochotsk, Captain Stevens). All
these were duly catalogued, with stations, depths, and other particulars, and
living animals preserved in spirits after being drawn. The expedition appears
to have returned in 1856. Although Dr. Stimpson devoted his chief attention
to articulate animals, and molluscs occupied but a subordinate share of his
attention, it is safe to say that in this short period he collected more trust-
worthy species of shells, with localities, than were received at the Smiths.
Inst. from the united labours of the naturalists of Captain Wilkes's celebrated
expedition. Through some unaccountable cause, certain of the most valuable
boxes were "lost" between New York and Washington ; the remainder were
placed in the hands of Dr. Gould for description, with the MS. catalogue, a
copy of which forms the " Mollusca, Vol. I.," nos. 1-2003, of the Smiths.
Mus. Fortunately, Dr. Gould embraced the opportunity to bring the un-
certain shells to London, and compare them with the Cumingian Collection.

t A fuller account of this expedition is here given than is justified from its contrilml ions
to the W. American fauna, because no other information respecting it is as yet availabta
to the malacological student.



rhus a large body of species, named from, types, was prepared for the New
World ; but, unfortunately, through, imperfect packing and the practice of
marking by numbers only, much of the value of this identification was lost.
The new species were described by Dr. Gould in the ' Boston Proc. Soc. Wat.
Hist.,' 1859-1861; and on completion of the series, the author collected
the papers embodying the new species of the two great scientific expeditions,
as well as his other scattered publications, and issued them in a most valuable
book, entitled ' Otia Conchologica : Descriptions of Shells and Molluscs, from
1839-1862,' Boston, 1862; with "Rectifications," embodying such changes of
nomenclature and synonyms as he desired to represent his matured views.
In quoting Dr. Gould's writings, therefore, this table should always be con-
sulted. A considerable portion of the specimens have been returned to the
Smiths. Inst., of which the larger species are mounted in the collection, and
the smaller ones have been sent to the writer to compare with those collected
by Mr. A. Adams, which were unfortunately being described in the London
journals almost simultaneously. The war has unhappily postponed the in-
tention of publishing the complete lists of species collected and identified with
so much accurate care. The following, however, have already been deter-
mined by Dr. Gould from the region in which American species occur. The
list is given entire (so far as identified), because species as yet known only
on one coast of the North Pacific may hereafter be found on the other. It
contains (as in the comparison of the Caribbean and West Mexican fauna)
(a) species certainly identical, (6) probably identical, (c) " interesting ana-
gues," and (d) representative forms.

B.I.Cat. no.

12(53. Crepidula hystryx, var. Kagosima Bay, Japan. Dead on shore. [=aculeata,

Maz. Cat. no. 334.]
1319. Poronia rubra, Mont. Kagosima Bay, Japan. [Tide Maz. Cat. no. 154.]

Among sea- weeds and barnacles in 2nd and 3rd leve s ; rocky shore.
1339. Natica marochiensis [? maroccana ; v. Maz. Cat. no. 570]. Kagosima Bay,

Japan. Dead on shore.

1344. Acmcca ? Sieboldi ; very near patina. Kagosima Bay, Japan. Rocks at 1. w.
1351. varieyata, Lam. Kagosima Bay, Japan. [ Vide Maz. Cat. no. 484.]

Dead on shore.

1414. Nasm yemmidata, Lam. [non C. B. Ad.] Kagosima Bay, Japan. 5 fm. sd.
1476. Acar \_Barbatia] gradata, Brod. and Sby. Taniop;esima, Kagosima Bay,

Japan. [ Tide Maz. Cat. no. 194.] Dead in ten fm. ; sand and shells.
407,476. Acar \_Uarbatia] gradata, Brod. and Sby. Port Jackson.
1502. Lima squamosa, Lam. Taniogesima, Japan. \_ L. tetrica, Gld., teste Cum."]

The remaining species from these localities are either local or belong to the
Philippine and Polynesian fauna. At Simoda and Hakodadi we enter on a
mixed fauna.

1574. Haliotis discus, Rve. Simoda and Hakodadi. Rocks at low water, four
fm. " Kamtschatkana seems to be the small growth of the same." [It ia
locally abundant, however, on the West Coast ; while discus has never
been found there, and is much flatter.]

1577. Lufraria [&hizoth&nu Nidtallii, Conr.] Hakodadi Bay. Eight fm. sand.

1579. Cytkerea petechialis, Lam. Hakodadi Bay. Sand, 4th level.

1582. Tritonium \_CJirysodomus] antiquum, Ln. Hakodadi Bay (also Okhotsk and
Arctic Oc., 1779). Low- water mark and laminarian zone, on weedy rocks.

1585. Tritonium [Priene] Oreyonense, Redf. Hakodadi Bay. Dead on shore,
and in twenty fm. Also no. 1955.

1588. Tellina Bodegensii, Hds. Hakodadi Bay. Dead on shore.

1589. Mi/a arenaria, Ln. Hakodadi Bay.

1592. Mercenaria orientalis, Gld. [A West Atlantic type, probably =M. Siimp-
Otia ; p. 169.] Hakodadi Bay. Six fm, sand.


584 REPORT 18G3.

1596. Mentis rigida, Gld. [MS. non Old., Otia, p. 85,= Tapes, var. Petitii. The
Japanese shell is Adamsii, Rve., from type]. Ilakodadi Bay. Four to
ten fm. sand.

The above occur in connexion with local and with diffused tropical species.

1601. Euthriaferrea, live. Simoda. Among stones and pebbles, 3rd level. [Al-
most identical with the Cape Horn species, JE. plumbea, Phil.]

1630. Tritonium \_Chrysodomus} cassidarictfortnis, live. East Coast of Japan, lat.
37, and Hakodadi. Twenty fm., black coarse sand.

1632. Chiton "largest" [? Cryptochiton Stelleri]. Ilakodadi. On large stones
and under shelving rocks, low-water mark.

1634. Pecten, like [ = ] Islandicus. Hakodadi. Ten fm. shell-sand.

1635. Sanguinolaria Nuttallii, Conr., = decora, lids. Ilakodadi. " Possiblv= Sole-

tellina obscurata, Desh." Sand, low-water mark.
1637. Macoma lata, " Gmel. in Mus. Cum.,= calcarea, Chem.,=proxima, Brown, =

sordida, CoMth.^Suensoni, Morch." Ilakodadi. 4th level, sandy mud.
1639. Litorina Grcenlandtca, Chem. Ilakodadi. Hocks, 1st level.

1648. Cardium pseudofossile, Hve., = blaHdum, Gld., perhaps = Californicnsi ', Desh.

Hakodadi. Twentv fin. sand.

1051. Ttrebratida \_Waldieimia~} Grayi, Desh. Ilakodadi. Sb ell y gravel, 8-15 fi.
1665. Leda arctica, Brod. [=1^. lanceolata, 3 . Sbv.]. Hakodadi. Saudy mud, 4-12

fm. Seniavine Str., 10-30 fm.

1674. Drillia inennis, Hds. Hakodadi. Shelly sand, 4-10 fm.
1700. Pecten Yessoensis, Jay. [Probably a var. of Amusium caurmumJ] Hakodadi.

Weedy mud, 4 fm.

1702. Cardium (Serripes) Grcenlandicum. Awatska Bay, Kamtschatka. Mud,

12 fm. Also Avikamcheche Is., Behring Str., and Arctic Ocean.

1703. Yoldia thraciceformis, Storer. Hakodadi. Mud, 12 fm.

1704. Mytilus edulis. Hakodadi. Also Avikamcheche Is., Behring Str., and

Arctic Ocean. Low-water mark, and in 3rd and 4th level.

1705. Cardium Calif omiense, Desh. Ilakodadi. Mud, 12 fm. [= no. 1648.]

1706. Mya truncata. Hakodadi ; also Avikamcheche Is. Mud, 6-15 I'm. Al r o

Arctic Ocean, in mud, 30 fm.

1708. Buccinum glaciate. Hakodadi, and Straits of Seniavine, at Aminchecho
Is., Behring Str.

1710. Tritonium [Chrysodomw~] antiquum+ deformis, Hve. ; and vars. Hakodadi

and Avikamcheche Is. Gravel, 4 fm.

1711. Buccinum tortuosttm, Rve., = 6Ta/an/orme-f-vars. Straits of Seniavine.

1714. Mya ?arenaria. Hakodadi and Avikamcheche Is.

1715. Bullia [ Volutharpa~]ampullacea, Midd. Hakodadi. Gravel, 5-6 fm.

1716. Lanistes Icevigata, Gray (^discors, Ln., teste Dkr. in Mus. Cum.). Mud,

20 fm. Hakodadi and Arctic Ocean ; common, in nests, 30 fm. ; no. 17ot).

1717. Trichotropis midticaudata [?=Tr. coronata, Otia, p. 121: related to insignia^

Midd., teste A. Ad.]. Hakodadi. Gravelly mud, 15 fm.

1718. \Lepeta'] caca, var. concentrica, Midd. Hakodadi and Arctic Ocean.

1719. Trichotropis bicarinata, Sby. Hakodadi. Not uncommon in laminarian zone.

Arctic Ocean ; common.

1720. Macoma proxima, Brown. Hakodadi; mud, 5-25 fm. Awatska Bay.

Arctic Ocean ; common, no. 1727.

1721. Macoma edentula, Brod. and Sby. Hakodadi. Avikamcheche Is.

1722. Crepidula grandis, Midd. Hakodadi. Okhotsk, 15 fm. : no. 2002.

1723. Venus Jluctuosa, Gld., 1841. ? = astartoides, Beck, 1849. Hakodadi and Arctic

Ocean : not uncommon. Mud, 5-10 fm.

1725. Cardita (Actinobohis) borealis, Conr. Avikamcheche Is., Behring Strait? ;

mud, 5-30 fm. Awatska Bay ; 10 fm. mud. Arctic Ocean ; common.

1726. Saxicava pholadis } I^.^ruyosa+dintorta. Avikamcheclie Is., Arctic Ocean.

Awatska Bay; on shells, &c. Lam. zone ; no. 1729.

1728.. Margarita obscura, Couth. Awatska Bav, Kamtschatka. Mud, 10 fm.
1732. Bela turricida., Mont Awatska Bay -, mud, 6-15 fm. Also Seuiaviae Str,;

no. 1782.



S.I. Cat. no.

1733. Yoldia Umatula, Say. Awatska Bay and Arctic Oc. Mud, common, 5-20 fm.

1734. Nation clausa, Brod. Awatska Bay. Mud, 5-15 fm.

1735. Yoldia myalis (or hyperborea). Awatska Bay. Mud, 10 fin.

1730. Leda minuta. Seniavine Str. ; Arctic Oc., near Behr. Str. Mud and pebbly

sand, 15-30 fm., coarse striae.
1737. Leda minuta, var. Ditto. Mud and pebbly sand, 5-20 fm., fine striae.

1740. Modiolaria corrugata. Ditto. Mud, in nests, 30 fm.

1741. Rhynchonella psittacea. Ditto. Gravel and sponges, 20-30 fm.

1742. Margarita striata, Leach. Ditto. Shelly gravel, common, 15-30 fm,

1744. Admete arctica, Midd. Ditto. Mud, 30 "fin.

1745. Admete viridula, Couth. Ditto. Gravel, 4 fm. ; mud, 10-30 fm.

1747. Velutina haliotoidea. Ditto. Gravel, 10-25 fm.

1748. Margarita argentata [Gld. Inv. Mass.]. Ditto. Mud, 30 fm. ; shelly, 15-

25 fm.

1749. Turritella (sp.), Migh. Ditto. Mud, 30 fm. ; clean gravel, 4-20 fm.

1750. Trichotropis bicarinata. Ditto. Pebbly mud, 5-G fm.

1751. Lunatia pallida, Brod. Ditto. Mud, 10-30 fm.

1752. CylicJma triticea, Couth. Ditto. Mud, 15-30 fm.

1753. Velutina {Mornlia} zonata [Gld. Inv. Mass.]. Ditto. On stones, 5 fm.

1754. Nucula tennis, Mont. Ditto. Mud, common, 20-30 fm. ; pebbly mud, 5-20

fin. Also Hakodadi j sandy mud, 10 I'm. ; no. 1687.

1756. Trophon clathratus, Linn. Ditto. Mud, :.'0-30 fm. ; gravel, 4 fm.

1757. Lunatia septentrionalis, Beck. Ditto. Gravelly mud, common, 20 fm. ;

gravel, 4 fm.

1758. Amicula vestita, Sby. Ditto. Gravel, common, 10-40 fm.

1759. Scalaria Grocnlandica, Chemn. Ditto. Mud, 30 fm.

1760. Lunatia pallidoides. Ditto. Mud, 30 fm.

1761. Chrysodomus Islandicus, Chemn. Ditto. Mud, 30 fm.

1762. Patella \Lepeta~\ Candida, Couth. Ditto. Mud, 30 fm.

1763. Chiton albus, Linn. Ditto. On shells in mud, 30 fm.
1765. Chrysodomus Schantaricus, Midd. Ditto. Mud, 20-30 fm.

1770. Astarte lactea, Br. and Sby. Arctic Oc. Mud, 30 fm.

1771. Pecten Islandicus, Chemn., var. Arctic Oc. Mud, 30 fm.

1773. Buccinum ?undatum (probably bicarinate var. of glaciate}. Arctic Ocean.

1774. Buccinum tundatum, var. pelagica. Arctic Ocean.

1775. Buccinum ?Ochotense, Midd. Arctic Ocean.

1776. Buccinum angulosum, Gray (= ylaciale, var.). Arctic Ocean.

1777. Buccinum ? tenue, Gray. Arctic Ocean.

1778. Mangclia, like simplex, Midd. Arctic Ocean.

1781. Bela rufa, Mont. Seniavine Str. Pebbly mud, common, 5 fm.

1783. Turritella erosa. Seniavine Sto Mud, 10-20 fm.

1784. Lyonsia Norvegica, Chem. Seniavine Str. Pebbly mud, 5 fm.

1785. Trichotropis imignis, Midd. Seniavine Str. Gravel, 10 fin.

1789. Bela decussata, Couth. Seniavine Str. Sandy mud, 10-20 fni. Also Awatska

Bay ; no. 1730.

1790. Yoldia myalis, Couth. Seniavine Str. Mud, 10-20 fm. ; pebbly mud, 5 fni.

1791. Bela harpidaria, Couth. Pebbly mud, 5 fm.

1793. Margarita helicina, Fabr. Behring Str. Clean gravel and algse, 5 fm.
1796. Turtonia [? minuta, Fabr.]. Behring Str. Common on sponges, 20-40 fm.

1798. Lunatia \_Acrybia~] aperta, Lov. Kamtschatka.

1799. Modiolaria nigra, Gray. Arctic Ocean.

1821. Chamalobata [ exogyra, Jay, non Conr.]. China Sea, west of Formosa,

Shell- gravel, 30 fm.
18"36. Purpura emarginata, Desh. San Francisco. On rocks in 4th level.

1837. Litorina plena, Gld. San Francisco. On rocks in 3rd and 4th levels.

1838. Acmcea textilis, Gld. San Francisco. On piles and rocks between tides.
18386. Acmcea patina, E*ch. San Francisco. On piles and rocks between tides.

1839. Cryptomya Californica, Conr. San Francisco. On sandy beaches.

1840. Macoma nasuta, Conr. Sn Francisco. Common in sandy mud, 1. w. 10 fm.

1841. CardiumNuttallii, Conr. San Francisco. Common in sandy mud, 1. w. 10 fin,


586 REPORT 1863.

S.I. Cat. no.

]S4o. Mytilm edidis, var. San Francisco. On rocks and gravel, 4th level.
18-14. Mytilus Calif ornianus, Conr. Near entrance to San Francisco. On rocks
and gravel, 4th level.

1845. Tapes diversa, Sby. San Francisco Bay. Very common, low-water mark

[= V. staminea, Conr., var., = V. mundidus, Rve. j v. antea, p. 570J.

1846. Chiton \_Mopalia] muscosm, Gld. Entrance of San Francisco Bay. Not

uncommon on rocks at low-water mark.

1847. Oryptodon [Schizoth&nts] Nuttallii, Conr., jun. San Francisco. One sp.

1848. MacJuera lucida, Conr. San Francisco. Common. [ = M. patula, Portl.]

The shells brought back by the Expedition from Puget Sound and Shoal-
water Bay were collected by Dr. Cooper, whom Dr. Stimpson met at San
Francisco, and are not here catalogued, as they appear again in his own
collections, v. infra, par. 101.

1SG9. Lithophaffiis cinnamomem. China coast, lat. 23|. Dead, 25 fin., sand.
11)24. Helix tudiculata. Bin. Petaluma, CaL; under stems in open grove of scruboak.
100(3. Mytilus splendens, Gld. Hakodadi Bay. Rocks below tide-marks, com.

1957. Anomia olivacea, Gld. Hakodadi Bay. On shells or gravelly sand, 10 fm.

1958. Cerastoma foliatum, var. Eurnettn, Ad. and Rve. Hakodadi "Bay and N. E.

part of Niphon. Low-water mark, on rocks and boulders.
l r ")9. Haliotis Kamtschatkana, Jonas. N. E. shore of Niphon. See no. 1574.
1HGO. Ptirpura Freycmettii, Desh. N. E. shore of Niphon. Common on rocks.
ltX>l. Ptirpwa Freycinettti, var. with muriciform lamelke. N. E. shore of Niphon.
lfK> . Placunanomia macroschisma, Desh. West Coast of Jesso. Gravel, 30 fin.
10GS. Terebmtida pulvinata, Gld. Arctic Ocean. Gravel, 30 fm.
20JO. Puncturetta noachina, Linn. Sea of Okhotsk. Gravel, 20 fm.
2 *)1. Astftrfe Ittctea, Brod. and Sby. Sea of Okhotsk. Gravel, 20 fm.
2J03. Terebratida yhbosa, Lam. Sea of Okhotsk. Gravel, 36 fm. [Perhaps Cali-

farnica, Koch.]

The following, from among the new species described by Dr. Gould in his
' Oda Conch.,' belong to the same province, and to forms which may be ex-
pected to appear on the northern shores of West America. They were first
published in the Proc. Bosk Soc. Nat. Hist., under the dates quoted :

Otia.p. Bost. Proc.S.N.H.

109. 1859. June. Natica severa, Gld., like heros, but with umbilicus resembling

unifasciata. Hakodadi, W. S.

109. Natica russa, Gld., like clausa* Arctic Ocean, W. S.

115. Dec. Patella pattida, Gld. Hakodadi. On stones and gravel, 10 fm.
115. Patella grata, Gld. N. E. shore of Niphon.
115. n Acmcea dorsuosa, Gld., like patina, var. monticida [monticola],

Nutt. Hakodadi, on rocks of 2nd and 3rd lamin. zone. W. S.

117. n Cliiton (Leptochitori) concinmis, Gld., like albus, but with lines of

punctures. Hakodadi, W. S.

118. Oiiton (Acanihoch&tes) ac-hates, Gld. Kikaia, Hakodadi, W. S.

113. 1859. Dec. Chiton (Mdpalia) Stimpsoni, Gld., like Blainvittei, without an-
terior radiating lines. [" On stones, clean bottom, 25 fm.,
and under stones and rocks, low-watermark." Smiths. Cat.
no. 1646. Not to be confounded with M. Simpsoni. Gray.l
Hakodadi, W. S.

120. 1860. Sept. Terebratufa \?Waldheimia~] tranxversa, Gld., like Grayt, with
shorter internal suppoiis : [=Crrt/>, teste A. Ad.] Hakodadi,
W. S.

]20. Terebmtella miniata, Gld., like Zelandiea* Apophyses united
to central crest. [= Waldheiinia Kweanica, Ad. and Rve.,
teste Rve. from type. " On pebbles, clean bottom, 30 fm."
Smiths. Cat. 1597/1 Hakodadi, W. S.

120. tt Rhynchonella lucida, Uld. ; in aspect like T. vitrea, jun.

121. i) n Trichotropis (Iphinoe) coronata, Gld. ; like T. ciliata, Kmger,

Straits of Semiavine, Arctic Ocean, 20 fm. mud. \Y. S.



Otia,p. Bost. Proc. S.IST.H.

122. I860. Sept. Buccinum Stimpsoni, Gld.; like undatum, but quite distinct.

Avikamcheche Is., Behring Str., W. S. Arctic Ocean, Rod-
gers. [ Not B. Stimpsoniamim, C. B. Ad.]

123. Neptimea (Sipho) terebralis, Gld. ; like Icelandica. Arctic Oc.
125. Trophon incomptus, Gld. ; like crassus. Hakodadi, W. S.
134. Oct. Bela turgida, Gld. Kamtschatka, W. S.

153. 1861. Mar. Margarita ianthina, Gld. j like Schantarica. Arctic Ocean.

154. Margarita albula, Gld. j like an overgrown arctica. Arctic

Ocean., W. S.

154. Margarita mustelina, Gld. Hakodadi j low water, W. S.
159. Gibbula redimita, Gld. ; like nivosa, A. Ad. Hakodadi, W. S.
162. Lyonsia ventricosa, Gld. ; shorter than Norveqica. Hakodadi,

2-6 fin., sandy mud, W. S. [" ? = navicula, jun." A. Ad.]
102. .. Lyonsia (Pandorina) flabellata, Gld. ; like arenosa. Arctic

Ocean, W. S.

162. T hear a lubrica, Gld. Hakodadi ; common in mud, 6 fm., TV. S.

163. Panopcea fragilis, Gld. Hakodadi, W. S.

163. Panopcea ?generosa, var. sagrinata. Awatska Bay, Kamts-

chatka, W. S. ["Epidermis projects in., as in Glycimeris,
Mud, 12 fm." Smiths. Cat. 1701.]

164. Corbula venusta, Gld. Hakodadi, 5-8 fm., shelly sand, W. S.

165. Solen strictus, Gld. ; like corneus. Hakodadi, W. S.

165. Solen gracilis, Gld. [non Phil.] Hakodadi, sandy beaches, W. S.

165. Machcera sodalis, Gld. ; like costata. Hakodadi, W. S.

165. Solemyapmilla, Gld.; like velum. Hakodadi, 5 fm., mud, W.S.

167. TeHinahibrica,Gld.; like felix and fabagetta. Hakodadi, 6 fm.,

sandy mud, W. S.

168. Saxidomus aratm, Gld. ; like V. maxima, Phil. San Francisco.

[Described as 4'5 in. long, yet] smaller than Nuttallii. ["Open

Online LibraryPhilip P. (Philip Pearsall) CarpenterThe mollusks of western North America → online text (page 11 of 45)