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Philip P. (Philip Pearsall) Carpenter.

The mollusks of western North America online

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ruyosa.']








274




184


Fisswella nigrocincta. 1 young sp.




P


A


279


E


185


Gli/ phis menqualis. Rare.








281




186


Rimula Mazatlanica. 2 sp.










L. Cal.


187


Haliotis Cracherodii. (Turtle Bay.)










L. Cal.


188


Haliotis splendens. (Margarita Island, with 4, 5.














and 6 holes.)










L


189


Callopoma Fokkesii. Dead.










L. Cal.


i:0


Pomaidax undosus. Fresh, with Gulf Polyzoa.




P


C


286




191


Uvanilla olivacea. Dead.






A


288




192


Uvanilla unguis. Dead.








289


Marg.


193


Calliostoma eximium. Dead.


274


P








194


Omphalius coronulatus. Dead ; not uncommon.


263






295




195


Vitrinella Panamensis. 1 sp. oft* Spondylus.


304


P


A


326


Marg.


196


Nerita scabricosta. Abundant.


305


P


C


327


E.Mar.


197


Nerita Bernhardi. Abundant.


336


P


A


343


E.Mar.


198


Crucibulum imbricatum. Dead.


337


P


A


344


E.Mar.


199


Crucibidum spinosum. Dead.


344


P


A


334


E. Cal.


200


Crepidula aculeata. Dead. West and East Indies .




P


A




E.Mar.


201


Crepidula ? arenata, jun. *


345




A


337


C.Mar.


202


Crepidula excavata, jun. et var.*


346


P




340


E.Mar.


203


Crepidula onyx. Dead.


328
327


P


A
A


347
349


E


204
205


Hipponyx antiquatus. Dead.
Hipponyx barbatus. Pacific Is. Fresh sp.


329


P


A


350


Gal.


206


Hipponyx Grayanus. Rare.


323


P


A


352




207


Aletes cmtiquadrus. On Marf/aritiphora, &c.








355




208


Bivonia contorta. Frequent, on shells.






A


359




209


Petaloconchus macrophragma. Frequent, on shells.




P






L


210


Spiroglyphus lituella. On Purpura planospira and














muricata, from Socorro Is.








367




211


Caecum subimpresstim. Very rare.




P


A


380




212


Turritella tiyrina et var. Cumingii.




P








213


Turritella sanguinea. (Whirls not shouldered.)


193


P


A


381


Gal.


214


Certthium maculosum and dwarf var., like medio-














Iceve. Abundant.


196


P


A


383




215


Certthium uncinatum. Common ; dead.


200


P


A


387


G.Mar.


216


Certthium stercus miiscarum. Rare ; dead.




P


A


388


Gal.


217


Cerithium interruptum, Mke. Common.


197


P


A


389


Marg.


218


Rhinoclavis gemmata. Rare.










Marg.


219


Pyrazus incisus. Rare.


?206






395


PE.M*.


220


Cerithidea Mazatlanica. Dead.



* A difficulty attends the identification of young specimens of these rare species, no
series having yet been obtained. " C. excavata, var.," in Mus. Cum. is exactly interme-
diate between the two. The young of excavata has a large swelling umbo projecting beyond
the margin ; the umbo in "?var." has the margin spreading round it, as in onyx y jun.,
and in consequence appears turned in the contrary direction. The umbilicus above the
deck exists in both forms ; but it is not an absolutely constant character, e?eu in aduncct.

108



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.



623



Pan. | La Aca
cat. raz.i pal.


Maz.

Cat.


Other
habitats.


No.


List of Cape St. Lucas Shells.


232




G


397


Marg.


221


Litorina aspera. Very rare.


234


P


C


396




222


Litorina conspersa. Common. A distorted specimen














lias a Lacunoid chink : another a Nassoid shape.


P
273


P




398
401


E


286
223


Litorina Philippii. Rare : v. antea, var. penicillata.
Modulus catemilatus, jun.


244










224


Rissoina fir mata. Rare.


245










225


Rissoina fortis. Very rare.






A


408




226


Rissoina stricta. Rare.


243










227


Rissoina clandestine. Dead.


247










228


Rissoina infrequens. Dead, -worn.


246






414




229


Alvania tumida. 1 sp., off Spoudylus.






C


417


L


230


Barleeia subtenuis. 1 sp.








411




231


Barleeia lirata. 1 sp.








422




232


Gemella, sp. 1 sp.








420


L


233


Jeffrey sia Alderi. 1 sp.








419




234


Jeffreysia Ufasciata. Very rare.








425




235


Alaba supralirata. Not uncommon.








427




236


Alaba terebralis. 1 dead, broken specimen.






A


424




237


Planaxis nigritella. Dead ; some of the specimens














may be a dwarf form of


42










2376


Planaxis ? planicostata.


4






435


?L


238


Radius variabilis. 1 sp.


6


P


A


438


E


239


Aricia arabicula. Very rare.


8


P


C




E


240


Aricia punctulata. Very rare.




P








241


Luponia Sowerbyi. 1 living and several worn.




P








242


Luponia albuginosa. Dead ; plentiful.














[ Cyprcea tigris and Pteroceras lambis ; doubtless














received through traders.]


9


P


A


439




243


Trivia pustulata. Dead.


10
P


P
P


A
A


440
441


Gal. E.


244
245


Trivia radians ; intermediate specimens towards
Trivia Solandri. Dead.


,


P


A




Gal.


246


Trivia Pacifica. 1 sp.


12


P


A


442


E


247


Trivia sanguinea. Dead.






A






248


Erato Maugerice. [Exactly like the W. Indian


13




A




GulfE


249


specimens : also Crag fossil, teste S. Wood.]
Erato scabriuscida. Rare.


122
124


P


C
A


447

448


Gal. E


250
251


Strombus galeatus, jun. 1 sp.
Strombus granulatus. Abundant; dead.


123
P


P


C


449


E


252
253


Strombus gracilior. 1 dead specimen.
Subula strigata. 2 dead specimens.






C


454


E


254


Subula ? luctuosa, jun.




P


A
A


455
456


E


255
256


Euryta fulgurata. Dead.
Euryta aciculata. Dead.






C






257


Terebra lingualis. 1 sp.




P




G




258


Myurella variegata. very rare.








450




259


Myurella albocincta. 1 dead specimen.








452




260


Myurella subnodosa. 1 dead specimen.




P


C


457




261


Pleurotoma funiculata. Rare; dead.


163






461


E


262


Drillia aterrima. Rare ; and var. Melchersi.








465




263


Drillia albovallosa. 1 sp., dead.








467


E


264


Drillia luctuosa. 1 sp., dead.




P








265


Drillia maura, Val. Fragment.






A






266


Daphnella casta. 1 sp. [Coarser striae than W. I.














species, but scarcelv differs from crebriplicata.






A






267


Rve., "Philippines."]
Cithara stromboides 1 sp. [Probably=n'face,










Kien.]



109



C24.



REPORT 1803.



Pan.
Cat


La
Paz.


Aca-
pul.


M:iz.

cat.


Other
habitats.


No.


List of Cape St. Lucas Shells.


117


P


A




E


268


Comts prtnccps. Dead.


113


P


A




Gal. E


269


Conns MAMMfttA Dead.


118


P


A


476




270


Conns purpurascens and var. regalitalis. Dead.


114


P


A


480




271


Conus gladiator. Dead.


116


P


A


481


Gal.


272


Conus nux et var. pusillm [Gld. non Chem.].














Living; plentiful.


118




C


G




273


C<mm scalaris. 1 sp., dead.


P


P






E


274


Conus tornatus. Rare, dead.


270


P


A






275


Solarium granulatum, and ?var. quadriceps. Com-














mon.










L


276


Odostomia ?straminea. 1 sp.








489




277


Syrnola lamettata. 1 sp., off Spondylus.


254






501




278


Oscilla exarataterebellum. 1 sp.


223
227






507
518




279

280


Ch rysallida communii. 1 sp. , off Spondylus.
Chemnitzia Panamemis. Very rare.








519




281


Chemnitzia Adamsi. 1 sp., off Spondylm.








524
532




282
283


Chemnitzia prolong ata. 1 sp., off Spondylus.
Chemnitzia Jlavescens. 1 sp., off Spondylus.


194

207




A


563
557


L
L


284
285


Cerithiopsis assimilata. 1 sp.,off Spondylus.
Cerithiopsis tuberculoides. 1 sp.


208







391




286


Triforis alternatus. 1 sp., off Spondylus.


P










287


Scalaria ? tiara. 1 sp.


295


P


A


570


Gal.


288


Natica maroccana. Com. W. Afr. ; ? Pacific Is.


P


P


A






289


Natica zonaria. Common. Operc. grooved as in














canrena [alapapilionis, var., teste Eve. : non














Chem.].






A






290


Natica catenata. Common.


302


P


A


576


E


291


Polinices ttber. Common. [The young shells go














through all shapes, from globose to pointed.














Operc. thin, light green, horny.]


P




A


G


Gal.


292


Polinices otis et var. fusca. Rare j dead.




P




G


Marg.


293


Polinices bifasciata. Living; rare.




P


A


G


E*


294


Neverita glauca. 1 sp.








577




295


Lamellaria, sp. ind. 1 sp.


146




A


579




296


Ficula ventricosa. Not uncommon. Animal pre-














served of both sexes, and of surpassing beauty.


66




C


G


E.Mar.


297


Malea ringens. 1 dead sp. [Fossil, Atlantic shores,














Newben-y.']


112


P


A


G


Gal.


298


Oniscia tubercidosa. Very rare.


111


P


A


G


Gal.


299


Levenia coarctata. Very rare.


110


P


C






300


Bezoardica abbrcviata. 1 living, with very small














normal operculum. Common ; dead. [Varies














greatly in form and sculpture, like the Texan














" analogue," which may be conspecific.]


131




C






301


Triton vestitus. Isp. [Scarcely differs from pilearisJ]


132










302


Ranella ca>lata. 1 sp., dead.










L


303


Ranella Californica. Very rare. Grows 4 inches














long.


151




A


582


Gal.


304


Latirus ceratus. 2 dead sp.




P




584


E


305


Fasciolaria princeps. 2 dead sp.


18




A






306


Mitra crenata, Rve., teste Dohrn. lap. [?=nu-














cleola.~\


19










307


Mitra solitaria, C. B. Ad. 1 sp.


20






586


Gal.E


308


Strigatella tristis. Rare.






A


G


E


309


AZiieta harpa. 1 sp.


P






589




310


Volutetta margaritula. Off Spondylus ; common.


14






587




311


Mar ginella minor. OS Spondylus; rare.



110



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.



625



Pan.
Cat.


La Aca-
Paz.i pul.


Maz.
Cat.


Other
habitats.


No.


List of Cape St. Lucas Shells.






A






312


Volvarina varia. Rare. [Cannot be distinguished






A




?WI


313
314


from some W. I. specimens.]
Persicula imbricata. 1 sp. [Can scarcely be sepa-
rated from interrupta, jun. Also Guacomayo.]
Persicula phrygia. Rare. [Closely allied to fru-














mentum. Differs from the W. I. sagittata by














having the painting in loops instead of zigzag,














and an orange callosity over the sunken spire,














bordered by a spotted sutural line.]


36


P




G


Marg.


315


Oliva porphyria. 1 sp.


?33


P


A


591




316


Oliva Melchersi, var. Rare.




P




?592


Marg.


317


Oliva subangulata. Very common, dead. [This














species, very rare elsewhere, is known by the














shouldered shape, toothed paries, and violet-














stained mouth and columella.J




P




600




318


Olivella dama. Rare ; dead.




P


C


596




319


Olivella tergina. Rare ; dead.


39




A


595




320


Olivella undatella. 3 sp. ; dead.






C


601




321


Olivella zonalis. Rare ; dead.








598


?WI


322


Olivella v. aureocincta. 3 sp. ; dead.






A


597


E


323


Olivella anazora. Very rare ; dead. Perhaps a var. of


34


P


A






324


Olivella gracilis. Extremely abundant. [With














many varieties : among which is one with dark














median and sutural bands and light spire ; an-














other with dark spire ; another pure white, of














which the young is inconspicua, C. B. Ad. The














Acapulcan varieties are somewhat different.]






A


G




325


Harpa crenata. Dead.


76


P


A


606


E.Mar.


326


Purpura biserialis. Abundant.




P


A


607




327


Purpura trisenalis. Common.


69


P


A


608


Gal.


328


Purpura triangularis. Not uncommon.




P


A


603


G.Mar.


329


Purpura patula. Common. Also West Indies.


P


P


C


605


E


330


Purpura muricata. Rare j dead at C. S. L. ; living














at Socorro Island.




P






Gal.


331


Purpura planospira. Dead shells at C. S. L. and














La Paz ; abundant and fine at Socorro Island.


74
107




A


611


Gal.


332
333


Rhizocheilus m&r+tall var. [= Calif ornicus.~j
Sistrum carbonarium. Living ; plentiful.


89


P


A


613


WI


334


Nitidella cribraria. Abundant.


94




A


615


E


335


Columbella major. Rare.


86


P


A


617


E


336


Columbella fuscata. Abundant.






A






337


Columbella f estiva. Not rare.


90


P






Gal.


338


Columbella h&mastoma. Not rare.










E


339


Columbella solidula. Abundant *.






A




E


340


Columella Reevei [= Sta. Barbarensis, Cpr. (error)].










E


341


Columella baccata. Rare.




P








342


Conella cedonulli. 1 sp.




P




624


L.Mar.


343


Nassa tegida. Rare ; pale var.


55




C


632




344


Nassa versicolor. Rare ; dead.


^ 45


P


A






345


Nassa corpidenta. Very rare.



* The young shell is thin, semitransparent, with Alaboid tuberous vertex. The nuclear
partis rather more tumid than the next whirl, and set slanting as in some Chrysodomi.
Adolescent, whirls smooth, except a sutural line. Sculpture of adult gradually developed,
with spiral lines, sometimes all over, sometimes only anteriorly and posteriorly. Last
whirl sometimes with blunt radiating riblets, but generally smooth. Siphonal notch deeply
cut back, as in Strombina, to which the species may belong.

1863.



626



REPORT 1863.



Pan.
Cat,


La
Paz.


Aca-
pul.


Maz.
Cat.


Other
habitats.


No.


i

List of Cape St. Lucas Shells.




P






Gal.


346


Fusus Thouarsii [-{-Novce-JIollandice, Rve.]. Rare j














dead.




P




639


E


347


Siphonalia pallida. Very rare.


109








Gal.


348


Engina Reeviana. 1 sp.


P




A




Gal.


349


Engina wocostoma. 1 sp.


P




C


647




350


Anachis coronata. Very rare.








652


E


351


Anachis tatniata [= Ga*koinei]. Very rare.


99










352


Anachis pidchrior. Very rare.








G




353


Anachis tpallida, Phil. Very rare.


98








E


354


Anachis ?parva, var. Dead shells : may be pyy-














mfca, rar.








650




355


Anachis serrata, A few perfect specimens.


(100


)


A


(651


) (E)


356


Anachis pygmcea (var. auriflua). Rare.




P


C


657




357


Strombina macidosa. Very rare.


87








E


358


Strombina gillenda. Very rare.


64


P


A


662




359


Pisania sang-uinolenta. Dwarf var. ; common.


60




A






360


Pisania litgiibris. Rare; dead.




P


C


664




361


Murex plicatiis. Rare ; dead.


140


P


A


665




362


Murex recurvirostris. 1 sp v dead.




P


A


669




363


Phyllmotus bicolor. Rare.


136


P
P


A
A


671
673




364
365


Phyllonotus princeps. Rare ; dead.
Muricidea ditbia. Rare ; dead.












366


Argonauta argo. 1 large sp. of the ?var. papyracea.














Pelagic.












367


Octoptis, sp. Pelagic.



As would be expected, the bulk of these species (203 out of 367) are the
same as have been already enumerated in the Reigen Catalogue. Of thoso
which do not appear in the Mazatlan lists, no fewer than 37 appear in the
Panama collections (beside 10 others, known to inhabit the equatorial region).
Of those not quoted from Mazatlan, 34 are also found in the Acapulco
region, and 30 at La Paz. Of the whole number, 79 have also been found
in South America, and 28 in the Galapagos. 38 have also been found in
Margarita Bay, of which Pijrazus incisus and Siplionaria cequilirata are Lower
Californian rather than Gulf species ; but only 13 belong to that portion of
the Lower Californian fauna which is known to reach S. Diego, exclusive of
the same number of Gulf species, which also stray into the S. Diegan district.
There are also 10 species, which (with more or less distinctness) represent
"West Indian forms. Of these, five, viz. Heterodonax bimaculatus, Erato
Mauyerice, Volvarina varia, Persicula imbricata and plirygia, are new to the
Gulf fauna : the other five appear in the Reigen Catalogue.

106. The most extensive collections in the Vancouver district, both as far
as the number of species and of specimens is concerned, have been made for
the Smithsonian Institution by Mr. J. G. Swan, teacher at the Indian Reserve,
Neeah Bay, "W. T. For several years * valuable consignments have been
received from him of shells collected at Cape Flattery, Port Townsend, and
other stations. Latterly he has trained the native children to pick up shore-
shells in large quantities. The labour of sorting and arranging these has
been enormous; it has, however, been repaid not only by observing the

* In consequence of boxes having been received at different times, through the accidents
of transit, it has not always been possible to ascertain with certainty to whom, among
simultaneous collectors, should be allowed priority in the discovery of new species.

112



OX MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA. 627

variations of form in large numbers of individuals, but by the discovery of
several new species and the addition to the district-fauna of many others.
The duplicates are made-up in series for distribution by the Smithsonian
Institution ; and, though of the worst quality from a " collector's " point of
view, they will be found very serviceable by real students, being carefully
lamed in accordance with this Eeport. He has now received a dredge, con-
structed for him by Dr. Stimpson; and if he succeeds in training the young
Indians to use it, there is little doubt that a rich harvest of fresh materials
will shortly be obtained. Some of the collections were made on the neigh-
bouring shores of Vancouver's Island, among which vvas a large series of
Pachypoma gibberosum, Chem., with attached Bivonia, Doth of an essentially
Eastern Pacific type, the former having been brought from Japan by Mr. A.
Adams. The Indians have taken a fancy to the opercula of this shell for the
purpose of ornamenting their canoes. As it is an article of trade among
themselves, it is remarkable that so large a shell should have so long escaped
the notice of collectors. Dead specimens have been washed-up in California;
but it is not known even to enter the Straits of De Puca alive. The shore-
pickings of the Indian children, which have already added 25 species to
science, are singularly free from ballast-importations, although they present
a few (supposed) extra-limital shells, probably washed-up by the ocean
currents. The following are the species new to the Vancouver fauna ; the
remainder will be found tabulated in the 7th column of the general Table,
par. 112, infra.

No.

1. Waldheimia Coreanica, valves.

2. Xylntrya pennatifera, teste Jeffr.

8. Clidiophora punctata, one worn valve.

4. Macoma ? edentula. Two living shells may be the young of this species, or an

extreme var. of inquinata.

5. Mara salmonea. Plentiful.

6. Angulus variegatus. Rare.

7. Semele rubrolineata. One large valve may belong to this species, or (moro

probably) be distinct and new.

8. Standella ? Californica. One young- valve.

9. Miodonprolongatus,K. subg., n.s. "Several valves of this curious shell, inter-

mediate between Litcina and Venericardia, accord with forms not before
eliminated, from the Coralline Crag and Inferior Oolite.

10. Lazaria siibquadrata. One valve.

11. Diplodonta orbella. Very large valves.

12. Kellia (var.) Chironii. A few valves.

13. Adula stylina. Plentiful.

14. Axinaa (? septentrionalis, var.) subobsokta. Numerous valves.

15. Siphonaria Thersites, n. s. Rare, dead. Like tristensis and other Cape Horn au:l

N. Zealand types. The genus was not known north of Margarita Bay.

16. Mopalia (Kennerleyi, var.) Sioannii. One sp. and valves.

17. Ischnochiton (Trachyderm&ti) Nuttallii* One sp.

18. Haliotis Kamtschatkana. Rare.

19. Pachypoma gibberosum, Chem. Living ; plentiful.

20. Leptonyx sanguinem, Linn. Very plentiful. (Japan, A. Ad. \ Homalapeuw

sanguineum, antea p. 588 (nom. preoc.) ; Mediterranean, Philippi.}

21. Chlorostoma funebrale (et var. subapertum. One sp.).

22. Cattiostoma canaliculatum. Living ; abundant.

23. Margarita cidaris, n. s. One fresh specimen, with aspect of Turcica*

24. Margarita Jielicma. Very rare.

25. Gibbida parcipicta. One sp.
2(>. Gibbula succincta, n. s. Rare.
27. Gibbida lacunata, n. s. One sp.

8 113






628 REPORT 1863.



No.

28. Gtblntla ftmiculata, n. s. Very rare.

29. Ripponyx cranioides, n. s. Plentiful.

oO. Bii'onid compacta, 11. s. Frequent on PacJiypoma-, externally resembles
loconchm macrophragma.

31. Sittium (?var.) esuriens. Common, dead.

32. Lacuna porrecta, n. s. Plentiful, with intermediate Pvars. excequata and

effusa.

33. Lacuna (?soltdtda, var.) compacta. Rare.

34. Lacuna variegata, n. s. Not common j resembles the Japanese i. decorata.

35. Isapis fenestrata, n. s. Very rare.
3(J. Almnia reticulata, n. s. Very rare.

37. Alvania fiLosa,) n. s. One specimen.

38. ?Assiminea subrotundata, n. s. One specimen.

39. ? Paludinella, sp. One specimen.

40. Mangdia crebricostata, n. s. Very rare.

41. Mangdia interfossa, n. s. Several dead specimens.

42. Mangdia tabulata, n. s. Several dead specimens.

43. Daphndla effusa, n. s. One broken specimen.

44. Odostomia satura, n. s. and ?var. Gouldii. Very rare.

45. Odostomia nuciformis, n. s. and ?var. avellana. Very rare.
40. Odostomia inflata. Very rare.

47. Odostomia tenutscidpta, n. s. Very rare.

48. Scalaria Indianorum, n. s. Bare.

49. Opalia borealis. Very common. This fine species, indicated by Dr. Gld. fE

E. Mol., p. 307) under Scalaria australis, closely resembles O. Ochotensia,
Midd. It is not referred to in the ( Otia/ and the locality was naturally
suspected.

50. Cerithiopsis munita, n. s. Rare.

51. Cerithiopsis columna. Very rare.

52. Cerithiopsis tubcrculata. ) Rare. No differences have been detected on comparing

53. Triforis adversa. \ the Herm and Neeah Bay specimens.

54. Trichotropis inermis. A few specimens differ from the decorticated T. cancel-

lota, and agree with Hinds's diagnosis.

55. CanceUaria modesta, n. s. One sp. and fragment.

56. Velutina prolongata, n. s. Very rare.

57. Olivetta biplicata. Very fine and abundant.

58. Pwrpura (v&r,)fuscata. Forbes's species, the locality of which was before un-

certain, is here connected by easy transitions with the normal saxicola.

59. Colwnbdla (var.) ?Hindsii. Maybe a stunted form of A. yausapata.

60. Amycla tuberosa. Rare,

61. Chrysodomw tabidatus. One beautiftilly perfect specimen; described and

figured from Mr. Lord's broken shell, sent simultaneously.

The following appear to be due to currents :

62. Pachydesma crassatelloides. Fragment.

63. Fissurella volcano. One broken specimen.

107. A collection of shells received from the Farallones Islands by Mr. R.
D. Darbishire, of Manchester, soon after the publication of the first Report,
contained several species at that time new to science, but in too imperfect a
condition for description. Among them were

ifaartesia intercalata, Maz. Cat., no. 19. Burrowing in Haliotis n/fescens.
Odostomia inflata, n. s. Young shells, abundant, in Haliotis ntfesceru.
Ocitiebra lurida.
Ocinebra interfossa, n. s.

Collections from the same locality were afterwards sent by the Rev. J.
Rowell, and are tabulated with the rest of the Smithsonian series in the 4th
.column of the general Table, par. 112.

114



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA. 629

108. In 1860, previously to the commencement of the Californian Geo-
ogical Survey, Dr. J. G. Cooper joined a military expedition across the Rocky

.ountains, under the command of Major Blake, U.S.A. Having forwarded
us notes, and specimens to Judge Cooper, they were placed in the hands of

T. Thomas Bland, of New York. He prepared a " Notice of Land and
freshwater Shells, collected by Dr. J. G. Cooper in the Rocky Mountains, &c.,"

hich appears in the 'Ann. Lye. N. H. of N. York,' 1861, pp. 362 et seq.



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