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Philip P. (Philip Pearsall) Carpenter.

The mollusks of western North America online

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The letters stand for the localities in which the shells were collected, as
follows :



V. Vancouver Island, Straits ^ of ^ S.
Juan de Fuca, and adjoining
shores of Washington Territory,
formerly known as ' Oregon.'

P. Puget's Sound and the neighbour-
hood.

O. Oregon ; and the region on each side
of the Columbia River.

C. California ; or the district north of
the peninsula, generally.

L. Peninsula of Lower California.

F. Neighbourhood of S. Francisco.



M. Neighbourhood of Monterey.

B. Sta. Barbara.

D. The region between S. Diei>o and

S. Pedro.

I. The islands : in the 4th column,
generally the Farallones ; in the
last, the" Sta. Barbara group.

H. Species obtained from the bucks of
Haliotids ; locality unknown j
probably Lower California.

fr. Fragments only.
fos. Only found fossil.





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Defrancia intricata








D














D
BD


2. Rhynconella psittacea
3. Terebratula unguiculus ....
4. Waldheimia pulvinata








P

C





P


V

V


V


MB
I


Q Grayi










__







I


7. Terebratella Coreanica
8 - caurina








P





P


V


V
V


pi


9. Xylotrya pennatifera
10 - fimbriata










i




V


V























Guide to the Diagnosis of the Vancouver and Californian Shells.

Class POLYZOA. Family Discoporidce.

Defrancia intricata, Busk. Maz. Cat. no. 13. From Southern fauna The re-
maining species in this class have not yet been determined.

Class PALLIOBRANCHIATA. Family Lingulidce.

1. Lingula albida, Hds. Voy. Sulph. ; Rve., Hani., Davidson et auct. 20 fin. c. Cp.

Family Rhynconellidce.

2. Khynconella psittacea, Linn. auct. E. & \V. Atlantic : circumpolar.

Family Terebratulidee.

3. Terebratula unguiculus, n. s. Like Terebratella caput serpentis in size, shape, and

sculpture ; but loop incomplete in adult, as in T. vitrea. 6-20 fin. not r. Cp.

4. Waldheimia pulvinata, Old. E.E. Smooth, subglobular, ashy. 80 fm., living,

Cp., CI.
C. ? Waldheimia California, Koch, non auct. Colour ashy. Intermediate between

Coreanica and alobosa, Lam., Rve. (which is Californica, auct. non Koch).
0. Waldheimia Grayi, Davidson. Very transverse, reddish, deeply ribbed.

of (



.

7. Terebratella Coreanica, Ad. & Rve. Voy. Samarang.
Old. J\in.?=frontalis, Midd., Asia.



Size of (jlobosa; reddish.

8. Terebratella caurina, Gld. E.E. Like dorsata ; subtriangular, ashy, with strong
or faint ribs.

Class LAMELLIBRANCHIATA. Familv Teredidte.



9. Xylotrya pennatifera, Blainv. Ann. Nat. Hist. 1860, p. 126.
10. Xylotryafimbridta, Jetfr. in /
* TjJLi , .~ T m,;i



Ilanl., non Lam. Phil.



Ann. Nat. Hist. 18GO, p. I26;mjpalntittata t Fbs. &
122



ON MOLLUSCA OP THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.



637





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11 Zirphrea crispata


B
B

B
B


B
D

M

B
B


c

D
M

"c

CL
P
P
C

C
C


VOFMB
H

I

MCH
PF

FD
F
OFM


P
P

P
P

P
P

P
P


V
V

V


PV

V

V

V

V


D/K
MD
M
C

D
D
D

FBI
B
D

D
BI




13 ovoidea


14. Netastoma Darwinii ....
15 Martesia intercalata


16. Parapholas Californica. . . .
17 Saxicava pholadis


18 Glycimeris generosa ....


19. Mya truncata


20. Platyodon cancellatus ....
21. Cryptomya Californica . .
22. Schizothaerus Nuttalli ....
23 Darina declivis


24 Corbula luteola


25. Sphsenia ovoidea
26 Nesera pectinata





Family Pholadidfe.

11. Zirphesa crispata, Linn. auct. E. & W. Atlantic and circumpolar.

12. Pholadidea penita, Conr. Hani. auct. = concamerata, Desh. Shape from elongate

to ovoid ; umbonal reflexion closely adherent.

13. Pholadidea ovoidea, Gld. Otia. Umbonal reflexion with anterior opening.

14. Netastoma Darwinii, Sby. New submenus : valves prolonged, like duck's bill

instead of cups. Surface with concentric frills. Quoted from " S. A."

15. Martesia intercalata, Cpr. Maz. Cat. no. 19. From Southern fauna.

16. Parapholas Californica, Conr. Hani. auct. = P. Janellii, Desh. Very large j

with layers of thin, short cups.

Family Saxicavida.

17. Saxicava pholadis, Linn. auct.-J-var. arctica, Linn. auct. Maz. Cat. no. 23-f-var.

gastrochcenoidea, ovoid and gaping like Maz. Cat. no. 21-fvar. legumen, Desh.,
elongate, cylindrical, scarcely gaping.

18. Glycimeris generosa, Gld. E.E. Perhaps = Panopcea Faujasii, S. Wood, Crag

Moll. : pipes like Saxicava.

Family Myada.

19. Mya truncata, Linn. auct. = M. prcecisa, Gld. v Atlantic : circumpolar.

20. Platyodon cancellatus, Conr. Hani. Pipe-ends 4-valved. Low water : common.

Sold in S. Francisco market, Cp.

21. Cryptomya Californica, Conr. Outside like young Mya; mantle-bend nearly

obsolete.

Subfamily Lutrarinee.

22. Schizotharus Nuttalli, Conr. -f Tresvs maximus, Midd. Gray=Z. capax, Gld.

Shape from ovoid to elongate ; very large and tumid ; beaks swollen ; hinge-
sides channeled ; mantle-bend joined to ventral line.

23. Darina declivis, n. s. Outside like Macheera. Cartilage-pits produced, gaping.

Family Corbulida.

24. Corbula luteola, n. s. Shape of young biradiata ; small, ashy yellow. Com. Cp.

25. Sphania ovoidea, n. s. Siphonal area small ; front excurved ; mantle-bend large.

26. Necera pectitwta, n. s. Principal ribs about 12 : beak smooth. Like sulcata,

40-60 fm. Cp.

123



638



REPORT 18G3.





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27. Clidiophora pimctata ....
28 Kennerlia filosa


B








'


P





V


D













,









I


30. Periploma argentaria ....
3i Thracia curta


D
B











P





v


D


39 Lyonsia Califomica


B


B


PC




P




v


MD


83. Entodesma saxicola . .
34. intiata
35. Mytilimeria Nuttalli
86 Plectodon scaber .


C




r


I

D


P


V


V
V


D
I


37 Solen sicarius






P


P


P





v




37 b. v. rosaceus





B








___




D


38. Solecurtus Californianus . .
39 subteres


B
B


B
B


C

n














D
D


40 Machsera patula


OB


F


Of!


VOF








v


D


41. Sanguinolaria Nuttalli ....
42. Psammobia rubroradiata . .


D
C




c !




P





V


DI
D



Family Pandoridce.

27. Clidiophora punctata, n. g. (Type of genus = Pandora claviculata, P. Z. S. 1855,

p. 228.) Teeth f , posterior long, with ossicle. Conr. sp. j like Cl. trilineata,
out teeth more divergent ; inside strongly punctate.

28. Kennerliafilosa, n. s. New subgenus of Pandora with ossicle : outer layer ra-

diately grooved. Shell "beaked.

29. Kennerlia bicarinata, n. s. Not beaked ; 2 post, keels in convex valve. 40-60

fm. r. Cp. May prove=P. bilirata, Conr.

Family Anatinida.

30. Periploma argentaria, Conr. Hani. Large, subquadrate.

31. Thracia curta, Conr. Hani. Strong, subovate.

32. Lyonsia Califomica, Conr. Hani. -\-bracteata-{-nitida,Gld. Outline variable : often

close to Atlantic L. Floridana : striated external layer fugacious.

33. Entodesma saxicola, Baird. Subgenus of Lyonsia : animal nestling, irregular.

Close to E. cuneata, Ad. & Rve. Form protean : brittle, thick, lurid, with
enormous ossicle. Var. cylindracea has the form of Saxicava pholadis.

34. Entodesma inflata, Conr. = diaphana, Cpr. P.Z. S. 1855, p. 228. From Southern

fauna. Like picta, but pale, without pinch.

35. Mytilimeria Nuttalli, Conr. Hani. ? Subgenus of Lyonsia : rounded, with spiral

umbos.

36. Plectodon sealer, n. g.,n. s. Shape of Theora : dorsal margins twisted-in spirally

inside umbos. Lateral teeth laminated, with internal cartilage hidden, ap-
pressed. 2 r. valves, 40-60 fm. Cp.

Family Sotenida.

37. Solen sicarius, Gld. Otia. Nearly straight, rather short, truncated.

376. Solen ? var. rosaceus. Straight, narrower, longer, smaller j glossy, rosy.

Family Solecurtida.

38. Solecurtus Californianus, Conr. Hani. May be a var. of the Peruvian VDombcyi.

Yellowish ash, with ventral parallel grooves. A ?var. without grooves closely

resembles gibbus.

30. Solec'trtiw sxbteres, Conr. Hani. Small, compact, with violet rays.
40! Machcera patula, l)ixon=& maximus, Wood=:ffrandis, Gmel. = &'%wa Nuttalli

?+lucida, Conr. (var. jun.) Asia.

Family TellinidcB.

41. Sanyuinolaria Nuttalli, Conr. Haul. = Psammobia decora, Hds. Flat, rounded.
42 Psammobia rubro-radiata, Nutt. Large : shape of vespertina : rayed with lilac.

124



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA. Ooy




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43. Macoma secta


D


OD


B


B


C

00
O

OF
C


MIL
PO

VPOF


OF
D

DL
F
O

D


P

P
P
P

P
P
P
P


V

V


V
V
V
V

V

v

v

V
V


D

D
D
MD
F

FM

D
MI
D
M
D
D

DI
DI


43 b. v. edulis




45. yoldiformis




47. inquinata




48. v. expansa


49 inconspicua .......


50. Angulus modestus
506 obtusus


51 variegatus


52 Gouldii


53. Maera salmonea ....
54 Tellina Bodeo-ensis


55. Arcopagia lamellata ..
56. (Edalia subdiaphana
57. Cooperella scintilleeformis .
58. Lutricola alba



43. Macoma secfo, Conr. Hani. Large, flat, rounded, glossy; winged behind ligament.
43 b. Macoma var. edulis, Nutt. Northern form, less transverse ; texture dull.

44. Macoma indentata, n. s. Like secta, jun., but beaked, indented, and ventrally

produced.

45. Macoma yoldiformis, n. s. Small, white, glossy, very transverse ; ligament-area

scooped-out.

46. Macoma nasuta, Conr. and. -\-tersa, Gld. Large, beaked, twisted; mantle-

bend touching- opposite scar in one valve. From Kamtschatka to S. Die-zo.
Cape Lady Franklin, 76, Belcher, 1826. 3 ft., mud, between tide-marks,
Lord.

47. Macoma inquinata, Desh. P. 7*. S. 1854, p. 357. Like degraded nasuta ; mantle-

bend a little separated from scar in both valves.
47 b. Macoma ?edentula, Brod. & Sby. jun. ; or an abnormal var. of inquinata.

48. Macoma ?var. expansa. Scars like lata and calcarea in Mus. Cum., but teeth



not bifid, very thin, glossy.
Greenland.



Scarcely differs from lata, Desh. in B. M.



49. Macoma inconspicua, Br. & Sby. = Sang. Calif orniana, Conr. Probably = " Fa-
bricii=fragilis, Fabr." in Mus. Cum. Like



thin, flat solidula : pink ; var.
Like tener, Say; but with callus



large, white. 8-15 fm. Lyall.
60. Angulus modestus, n. s. (Subg. of Tellina.)

between mantle-bend and scar. "White.
50 b. Angulus ?var. obtusus. Inside like modestus ; but beaks obtuse.

51. Angulus variegatus, n. s. Shape of obtusus : no callus ; rayed with pink and

yellow. 20-60 fm. r. Cp.

52. Angulus Gouldii, Hani. MS. in Mus. Cum. Small, white ; ant. ventr. side swollen.

53. Mcera salmonea, n. s. (Scarcely differs from Angulus.} Small, subquadrate,

glossy, salmon-tinted. Beach-20 fm. Cp.

54. Tellina Bodegensis, Hinds, Voy. Sulph. Large, strong, transverse, with con-

centric grooves.

55. Arcopagia lamellata, Maz. Cat. no. 68. One fine pair in shell washings.

56. (Edalia subdiaphana, n. g., n. s. Thin, swollen, shape of Kellia, ligament sur-

rounding beaks : hinge with 5 bifid teeth (3-2) ; no laterals ; large mantle-
bend.

57. Cooperella scintillceformis, n. s. New subgenus of (Edalia. Cartilage semi-

internal : only 1 tooth bifid.

68. Lutricola alta, Conr. (Tellina). For this group (= Capsa, "Bosc," Add. non
Lam.), scarcely agreeing with either Macoma or Scrobicularia, Blainville's

125



640



REPORT 18G3.





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59 Semele decisa . .


D


D


c











D




















I




D


T)










v













D









D


63. mcongriia
64. Cumingia Californica ....
65. Donax Califomicus
66 flexuosus


B
B


D

B


c


DL











I
DI
D


67 navicula








D








D


68. Heterodonax bimaculatus
69. Standella Californica
(396. nasuta


D
B


B





L
F








V/K


D
D
?D


70. planulata


B
















D


71. falcata






p




P




v




72 Raeta undulata . .






T,










D


73. Clementia subdiaphana . .
74 Amiantis callosa . .


B


B


f!


L


P


V





D


75. Pachydesma crassatelloides
76. Psephis tantilla


BD


B
B


C


FM

o


P


y


Y


D
I





















synonymic name may be revived in restricted sense. Sv)ecies=bian(julata )
P. Z. S. 1855, p. 230.

59. Semele decisa, Com*, auct. Large, rough, like Peruvian corntaata, but truncated.

60. Semele rupium, Sby. Smaller, rough, swollen; with smaller mantle-bend.

Galapagos. Not r. Cp.

61. Semele rubrolineata, (? Conr.). Flattened, same shape, with faint sculpture each

way, and pink rays. [Conrad's lost shell may be young decisa.^

62. Semele pulchra, Sby. Transverse, crowded concentric sculpture, with radiating

lines at sides. Southern fauna.

63. Semele incongma, n. s. Like pulchra, with concentric sculpture differing in r.

and 1. valves : fine radiating striae all over. 40-69 fm. c. Cp.

64. Cumingia Californica, Conr. auct. Maz. Cat. no. 44.

65. Donax Calif ornicus, Conr. (non Desh.) = obesus, Gld. (non Desh.). Smooth,

stumpy : outline and colour variable.

66. Donax flexuosus, Gld. Like punctostriata jun. with stronger keel, and no

punctures.

67. Donax navicula, Sby. Maz. Cat. no. 77. From Southern fauna.

68. Heterodonax bimaculatus. Broad var., generally violet, = Psammobia Pacifica,

Conr.= Tellina vicina, C. B. Ad. Cape St. Lucas, Acapulco, W. Indies.

Family Mactrida.

69. Standella Californica, Conr. (non Desh.). Large, shaped like Schiz. Nuttalli, but

beaks narrow. Mantle-bend separate from ventral line.

696. Standella ? var. nasuta, Gld. (suppressed). Revived for young shells between
Californica and planulata, till more is known./

70. Standella planulata, Conr. Nearly as large ; shape approaching Mactrella exoleta.

71. Standella falcata, Gld. Otia. Shape like planulata, but flatter.

72. llaeta undulata, Gld. Otia. Like the Atlantic R. canaliculata, but reversed.

Rare at S. Pedro, Cp.

Family Veneridce.

73. ? Clementia subdiaphana, n. s. Plinge normal, verv thin, ashy.

74. Amiantis callosa, Conr. (not auct.). Subgenus of Callista: hinge-plate rough-

ened as in Mercenaria : mantle-bend as in Dosinia. L. w. com. Cp.
76. Pachydesma crassatelloides, Conr. auct. Subgenus of Trigona, with fewer teeth :

jun. = stultorum, Gray.
76. Pscphis tantilla, Gld. Otia. Subgenus of Vmus : animal ovoviviparous. Teeth

elongate, approaching Pachydesma. Small, with purple spot. 12-20 fin. c. Cp,

126



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST CO.AST OF NOTiTH AMERICA.



641





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77. Psephis Lordi






__





P


V


V


I






__








_








DI


79. tellimyalis











II













80. Venus Kennerleyi


_


___


,




P


_


V


_^


81. Chione succincta ....


BD


D














D


82. excavata


D





















D


D


o


L





___





D


84. fluctifraga


V


D


c


D











D


85. Tapes tenerrima




B


F


F








v


D


86 laciniata






M


D








D


87 staminea .


DO


F


F


FD








FD


87 6. var. Petitii






c


VPOM


P


v


v


FM


87 c. var. ruderata
88. Saxidomus aratus










F






V


FD


89. Nuttallii


D


D


o













FD


90. squalidus




F


o


VPOF


P


v


v




91. brevisiphonatus ....
92. Rupellaria lamellifera ....
93. Petricola carditoides ....


D
BD
BD


M
MB


c
c

c


D
F
LH


P


V


V


M
M
D




R


B


c


MD










FMD





















77. Psephia Lordi, Baird, P. Z. S. 1863. Teeth normal : pure white. 20-40 fm. c. Cp.

78. Psephis salmonea, n. s. Very small, rounded, teeth elongate : salmon-coloured.

30-40 fm. r. Cp.

79. Psephis tettimyalis, n. s. Shape of Tellimya : central tooth minute j outside

teeth long.

80. Venus Kennerleyi, Rve. Large, transverse, flattened, ashy: strong cone. ribs.

Young like astartea, Midd. (notfrtctuata, Gld.).

81. Chione succincta, Val. = Calif orniensis, Brod. = Nuttatti, Conr. Cone, ribs smooth.

82. Chione excavata, Cpr. P. Z. S. 1856, p. 216. Scarcely differs from cancellata.

Possibly exotic.

83. Chione simillima, Sby. Finely sculptured each way.

84. Chione fluctifraga, Sby.+callosa, Sby. Like Stutchbnryi : swollen, irregular.

85. Tapes tenerrima, Cpr. P. Z. S. 1856, p. 200, (jun.)= V. rigida, Gld. pars, f. 538.

Very large, thin, flat ; long pointed sinus.

86. Tapes laciniata, n. s. Large, swollen, brittle, ashen ; sculpture pectinated.

87. Tapes staminea, Conr. Strong, shape of decussata ; sculpture close ; yellowish.

Var. diversa, Sby.=mundulus, Rve. More swollen, clouded with chocolate.
Var. Petitii, T)esh.=rigida, Gld. pars. Dead white, sculpture stronger faint,
open or close. 2 ft. deep in mud, between tides, Lord. Var. tumida, Sby.
"Very swollen. Var. orbella, rounded, globose. Var. ruderata, Desh. Con-
centric sculpture laminated.

88. Saxidomus aratus, Gld. Otia. Very large, oval, with regular concentric ridges.

89. Saxidomus Nuttallii, Conr. auct. Transverse, subquadrate, irregularly grooved.

90. Saxidomus squalidus, Desh. Large, variable outline, broader, scarcely sculp-

tured.

91. Saxidomus brcvisiphonatus, n. s. Smaller, Callista-shaped ; close, faint concen-

tric lines over distant waves ; mantle-bend very small.
Family Petricolidce.

92. Rupellaria lamellifera, ConT. = Cordieri, Desh. With large concentric laminas.

No radiations.

93. Petricola carditoides, Conr. + Californica, Com\+cylindracea, Desh.+arcuata,

Desh. -\-gibba, Midd. Of various aspects, like Saxicava. Normally shaped
like Cypricardia, with fine sculpture like Naranio.

Family Chamidce.

94. Chama exogyra, Conr. Reversed ; texture opaque ; rudely frilled.

95. Cliama pettucida, Sby. Dextral, texture porcellanous, rosy j closelv frilled. S.A.
1863. 107



643



SPOET 186&



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iHJ. Uhama spinosa
07. Cardium corbis


OB

15

D


B/,
B


oc
p

c


VPOF
D

H
D


P
P

P

P

P
P


V
V

V
V


V
V

V
V


?D t

1

I

T)

D

I
PC

I
I

MUI
I
1

DI


98. quadragenarium
f)9 . var blanduni


100. var. centifilosum ....
101. Hemicardium biangnlatimi
102. fcjerripes Groenlandicus. . . .
103. Liocardium elatum


104. substriatum . . .


105. Astarte compacta


106. Esquimalti ....


107 fluctuata


108. Miodon prolongatus


D
D
D


p


109. Venericardia borealis ....
109 b. var. ventricosa ....
110 Lazaria subquadrata


111. Lucina Nuttallii


112 Californica . . .


113. bclla


114. tenuisculpta





96. CJiama spinosa, Sby. Ridges broken into close short spines. Maz. Cat. no. 122.

Family Cardiadee.

97. Cardium corbis, Mart.=JVw#o//z-}- Calif ornianum, Conr. Large, earthen, rather

nodulous ; posterior margin strongly indented by 2 first ribs. Asia. 8-15 fm.
Lyall. Jun. in stomach of starfish, 12 fm. Lord.

98. Cardium quadraaenarium, Com.=luteolabrum (=xanthocheilum), Old. Very

large ; 40 ribs, with aculeate spines.

99. Cardium var. blandum, Gld. Otia. Delicate form of the Asiatic pseiidofossfle,

Rve. = Calif orniense, Desh. Transverse; close, flat ribs; margin regular.
8-15 fm. tyall

100. Cardium var. centifilosum. Probably=modestfMm, Ad. & Rve. ; but rounder,

ribs sharper and more distant. Belongs to subg. Fulvia, Gray. 30-40 fm. Cp.

101. Hemicardium biangulatum, Sby. Southern fauna. 10-20 fm. living. Cp.

102. Serripes Groenlandicus, Chem. auct. Boreal. Rounder than S. Lapcrousii.

103. Liocardium elatum, Sby. Maz. Cat. no. 124. Gulf fauna. Very large, Cp.

104. Liocardium substriatum, Com'.=cruentatum, Gld. Almost identical with the

Peruvian Elenense.

Family Astartida.

105. Astarte compacta, n. s. Like compressa, but closer ; dorsal margins straight,

at right angles.

106. Astarte Esquimalti, Baird, P. Z. S. 1863, p. 70. Subtrigonal ; ribs irregular.

107. ? Astarte fluctuata, n. s. Very close to Omalii, jun. of Coralline Crag. 2 right v.

30-40 im. Cp.




109. Venericardia borealis, Conr. N. Atlantic, from Miocene. 120 fm. Cat. Is. Cp.
109 b. Venericardia var. ventricosa, Gld. Small, swollen. 30-40 fm. Cp.

110. Lazaria subquadrata, n. s. Hinge of Lazaria: outside like Cardita varic(/ata,j\in,

Family Lucinidee.

111. Lucina Nuttallii, Conr. Hani. Like muricata, with more delicate P "ulpture.

112. Lucina Californica, Conr. Dosinoid, with waved lunule. Jun. ? = L. Artemldis,

P. Z.S. 1856, p. 201.

113. Lucina bella, Conr. Shell not known ; maybe =zpectinata, Maz. Cat. no. 142.

114. Lucina tenuisrul> fa. n. s. Like Mazatlanica, Cat. no. 144, more convex, with

finer sou 1 p lure. 4 I'm. living, Cp. The island var. is intermediate. 120 I'm.
dead, C>.



ON MOLLUSCA OF THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA.



643





Nutt


Jew.


B.A.


Smiths. Ins.


Ken.


Lord.


Swan.


Cooper.


115. Lucina borealis


B

MD

C

PC
B

B


B

C
C

C
M
B
B


C
C

c
c

F
F
C
P

C


D
M

M
H

PFC
PC

FH

VH
M


P
P

P
P
P

P

P
P

P


V

V
V

V


V

V
V

V

V
V

V


I
I
I?

D
D

DI
I

D
D
D
FDI
F

DI
D
M


116. Cryptodon flexuosus


118 Diplodonta orbella


119 Kellia Lap6rousii .


1196. var. Chironii
120 rotundata


121 suborbicularis


122 Lasea rubra




124. Lepton meroeum


125 Tellimya tumida


12(5. Pristes oblonons


127. Mytilus Califomianus . . . .
128. edulis


128 b. var. glomeratus . .
129. Septifer bifiircatus


130 Modiola capax




132 fornicata


133. recta


D





115. Lucina borealis, Linn. auct. -\-acutilineata, Com*. Widely diffused, from Coral-

line Crag. Philippines, teste Cuming. 30-120 fm. Cp.

116. Ci'yptodon+flexuosus, Mont. auct. Atlantic, circumpolar. Cat. Is. 120 fm. Cp.

117. Cn/ptodon serricatus, n. s. Small, circular, flat; epidermis silken. ? Cat. Is.

Cp. 120 fm.

Family Diplodontidte.

118. Diplodonta orbella, Gld. Otia.=(J/*/) Splicer ella tumida, Conr.

Family Kelliada.

119. Kettia Laperousii, Desh. Woodw. Typically large, strong, transverse.
119 b. Kellia var. Chironii. Thinner, less transverse, margins rounded.

120. Kellia rotundata, n. s. Larger, flatter, and less pearly than suborbicularis.

Margin circular.

121. Kettia suborbicularis. Mont. auct. Maz. Cat. no. 153. N. Atlantic : W. Mexico.

Exactly accords with British sp. 30-40 fm. Cp.

122. Lasea rubra, , Mont, auct. Maz. Cat. no. 154. N.Atlantic: W. Mexico. Exactly

accords with British sp.

123. Pi/thin i rw/ifera, n. s. Large, thin, slightly indented ; teeth minute j epidermis

shaggy.

124. Lepton meroeum, n. s. Small, shaded like Sunapta.

125. Tellimya tumida, n. s. Between bidentata and substriata : ossicle minute.

126. Pristes oblongus, n. g., n. s. Like Tellimya, with long marginal teeth, serrated

near hinge.

Family Mytilidce.

127. Mytilus Califomianus, Conr. 9 in. long : stained with sienna : obsoletely ribbed.

128. Mytilus edidis, Linn. o,\ict.=trossulm, Grid. Abundant on whole coast, with the

usual Atlantic vars. Between tide-marks, Lord : also brown var. on float-
ing stick.
128 5. Mytilus ? var. glomeratus, Gld. Otia. Short, stumpy, solid, crowded.

129. Septifer bifurcatus, Rve. Outside like Mytilm b. Conr. from Sandw. Is.
180. Modiola capax, Conr. Maz. Cat. no. 170. From Southern fauna.

131. Modiola modiolus, Linn. auct. Circumboreal. 8-15 fm. jun. Lyall.

132. Modiola fornicata, n. s. Short, swollen, like large M. marmorata j but smooth,

not crenated.

133. Modiola recta, Conr. 6 in, long, thin, narrow, rhomboidal. Chaff-like hairs-

over glossy epidermis.

9 129



644



REPORT 18G3.



NuttJJew. B. A.



Smiths. In-.



Ken.



Lord. Swan.



Cooper.



133 b. Modiola var. flabellata. .

134. Adula falcata

135. stylina

136. Lithophagus plumula. . . .

137. attenuatus

138. Modiolaria laevigata

139. marmorata

140. Crenella decussata

141. Area multicostata

142. Barbatia gradata

143. Axinaea intermedia

144. var. subobsoleta

145. Nucula tenuis

146. Acila castrensis

147. Leda cselata

148. cuneata

149. minuta

150. fossa

151. hamata .



M



M



VP
FM
OFM

M

H



\)



GDI



V



D
MDI



I

MD
MDI



BI



133 b. Modiola v&x.flabellata, Gld. Northern form, somewhat broader.

134. Adula falccita, Gld. Otia. Subgenus enlarged to include species intermediate

between Modiola and Lithophagus : shape of latter, byssiferous like former,
nestling in crypts. Sp. = Gruneri, Phil. MS. Shape not always falcate:



Online LibraryPhilip P. (Philip Pearsall) CarpenterThe mollusks of western North America → online text (page 19 of 45)