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nuc!6us est tres- different de celui des Biltium lypiques.
II est probable qu'elles n'appartiennent pas au meme
genre.

14. BARLEEIA SUBTENUIS.

B. t. parva, tenui, interdum subdiaphana^ rufo-cornea t
anfr. nucleosis normalibus, apice submamillato; normali-
bus 4, planatis. suturis distinctis: basi rotundata: aper-

311



tura subovata, peritremate continuo; labro acuto; labio
distincto, lacunam umbilicalem formante; columella sub-
angulata operculo semilunato, dense rufo-vinoso, subho-
mogeneo, hand spirali, rudi; apophysi prcelonga antice
columellam versus exslante. Long. '\\, long. spir. *07,
lat. -06, poll. : div. 40. g

Hab. S. Diego, Cassidy\ sur 1'herbe, Cooper. Cape
St. -Lucas, Xantus. Mazatlan, Rcigen.

Si Ton juge eiilcmenl d'apres !a coquille, on ne pent
guere separcr celte espece despetites varietesdegrndees de
YHydrobia ulrcB d'Europe. J'avais rapporte a cetle espece
quelques indivi.lus, en tres-mauvais etal, de la collection
Reigen (Maz. Cal., n4!7). Mais les individus frais qui
ont ele recneilh's, grace au zele du docteur Cooper, pos-
sedent 1'opercule remurquable des Barleeia.

15. BABLEEIA (?SUBTENUIS, VAR.) RIMATA.

B. t. B. subtenui simili; sed paulum tumidiore ;
anfractibus minus planatis; rima umbilicali conspicua.

Hab, S. Diego, Cassidy, Cooper.

Peut-e"tre celle forme se trouvera-t-el!e consliluer une
ospeoe dislincte, lorsqu'elle sera mieux connue.

16. BARLEEIA UALIOTIPHILA.

B. t. parva, turrita, Icevi, angusta, tenui, rufo-fusca;
marginibus spirce subrectis; anfr. nucleosis normalibus,
vertice submamillato; norm. 5 subplanatis, suturis dis-
tinctis; basi subplanata, obsolete angulata; aperturaovata,
peritremati haud continuo; labro tenui; labio parum cal-
loso; columella vix arcuata; operculo ut inB. subtenui
Long. -\, long. spir. 06, lat. -05, div. 30.

Hob. Basse Californie, sur la pnrlie dorsale d'une Ua-
liotide, Rowell.

312



145

Cette espece est voisine du B. subtenuis ; elle s'en dis-
(ingue par sa taille beaucoup plus petite, et sa forme plus
fiancee.

17. DRILLIA TOROSA.

D. t. acuminata, Icevi, aurantio-fusca, epidermide au-
rantio-olivacea induta; anfr. nucleosis ?...(detritis); nor-
malibus 7 tumidioribus, suturis planatis; serie una tuber-
culorum validorum, subrotundatorum , anfractu penul-
timo 8, anfr. ultimo haud obsoletis; regions sinus parvi,
rotundati paulum excavata; regione suturali haud
sculp ta; canali longiore; columella recta; labio tenui; labro
acuto, postice sinuato. Long. '95, long. spir. *55, lat. *3,
poll. : div. 30.

Hab. Monterey, Taylor, Cooper.

Cette espece, ainsi que d'autres Pleurotomidce califor-
niens, appartient a un groupe particulier, dont le D. iner-
mis, Hinds, peut 6tre considere comme le type. Peut-e"tre
ces formes seraient-elles mieux placeesdans le sous-genre
Clwnella, qui est vraiment marin, d'apres les observations
du docteur Stimpson sur les especes du cap de Bonne*
Esperance, et non pas iMelanien, comme 1'a suppose le
docteur Gray, et comme 1'ont dit, apres lui, MM. Adams
et Chenu.

18. DRILLIA (?TOROSA, var.) AURANTIA.

D. t. D. torosce simili , sed aurantia ; linea suturali
expressa; interdum spiraliter sculpta. Long. $, long,
spir. -32, lat. '28, poll.: div. 38.

Hab. San Diego, Cassidy. San Pedro, Cooper.

Les individus des localites meridionales etaient tous en
mauvais etat, et je ne suis pas encore convaincu qu'ilsap-

partiennent a la m6me espece.

313



146

49. DRILLIA PENICILLATA.

D. t. D. inermi forma et indole simili; sed cinerea,
rufo-fusco dense penicillata; lineolis creberrimis, inter-
dum diagonalibus, sen zic-zacformibus f sen varie inter-
ruptis; anfractibus planatis, plicato-costatis, costulis cir-
citer \ 4, regione sinus minimi, lati, expansi interruptis,
postice nodosis; canali effusa. Long. \ *35, long. spir. -75,
lat. -42, poll. : div. 25.

Hab. Cerros Is., basse Californie, Vealch.

Tous les individus que j'ai vus de cette espece etaient
excessivement routes, mais on peut la reconnailre tres-
facilement a sa coloration eiegante.

20. ? DAPIINELLA ASPERA.

? D. t. parva, tenui, rufo-fusca, gracili, angusta, fusi-
formi, epidermide tenui induta; anfr. nucleosis% Icevibus,
vertice contorio ; normalibus (t. adolescente) 4 elongatis,
fenestratis, suturis distinctis ; costulis radiantibus circi-
ter 13 angustis, acutis, et costulis spiralibus, in spira
3, anfractu ultimo circiter 10, angustis, acutis, radiantes
superantibus , eleganter decussata ; intersectionibus subno-
didosis, inters titiis quadratis ; apertura elongata, an-
gusta, antice effusa; labro postice vix sinuato. Long.
11, long. spir. -09, lat. '08, poll.: div. 35.

Hab. Monterey, Taylor.

Je n'ai vu de celte charmante petite coquille qu'un
seul ecliantillon trcs-frais, mais incompletement adulte.
Pout-elre se Irouvera-t-elle raieux placee dans le genre
Milromorpha, A. Adorns?

21. ODOSTOMIA STRAMINKA.
fi

0. t. 0. inflates, var. eldtiori simili, sed multo ela~
314



147

tiore; hand inflata , epidermide straminea, haud striu-
lata. Long. *18, long. spir. -08, lat. -\, poll. : div. 40".
. Hab. basse Californie (sur la partie dorsale d'une Ha-
liotide], Rowell. Cap St. -Lucas, Xantus.

On peut facilement distinguer cette espece de celles du
Nord par sa spire allongee et son epidemic d'un jaune
de paille.

22. CHEMNITZIA TRIDENTATA.

Ch* t. (quoad genus) magna, compacta, latiore; casta-
nea, interdum fasciis pallidioribus ; anfr. nucleosis 3 heli-
coideis, apice conspicuo, marginibus spirce rectis parum
super ant ibus ; normalibus \\ subplanatis, suturis distinc-
tis; costis rectis acutis, interdum 19, interdum 24 tenus 9
haud attingentibus, circa peripheriam hand subito evani-
dis; interstitiis undatis, eleganter spiraliter sulcqtis ;
sulculis circiter 8-10^ costis haud superantibus ; apertura
subquadrata; labro intus tridentato; columella tortuosa;
basi rotundata. Long. -45^ long. spir. -35, lat. -12, poll.:
div.\V.

Hab. Santa Barbara, Jewett. Puget Sound, Kenner-
ley. Monterey, San Pedro, Cooper.

Les trois dents de cette belle espece, cachees tout a fait
a Tinterieur de Touverture, comrne dans plusieursespeces
du genre Obeliscus, ont ete, pour la premiere fois, ob-
siirvees sur un individu casse et roule de Sanla Barbara.
Celui-ci a 22c6tes; celui de Monterey, 20; celui du nord,
19; et ceux de San Diego, 24.

23. CHESINITZIA (?rar.) AURANTIA.

Ch. t. Ch. chocolatce simili, sedmulto minore, latiore,
haud tereti, aurantia; anfr. nucleosis?... (detritis); nor-
malibus 7 planattSy suturis impressis; costulis radiant i-

315



us

bus circiter 26, hand expressis, ad peripheriam evanidis,
interstitiis late undatis ; lineolis spiralibus castanets ere-
berrimis tota superficie ornato; basi subrotundata ; colu-
mella parum torta; apertura ovata; labro tenui, acuto ;
labio haud conspicuo. Long. '23, long. spir. '16, lat. -07,
poll.: div. 20.

Hab. Santa Barbara, Jewell. Pugel Sound, Kcnnerlcy.

II est possible qu'on reconnaisse plus tard que celte
espece est le jeune a*ge du Ch. tridenlata : elle eat inter-
mediaire entre elle et le Ch. chocolala.

24. VOLUTELLA PYRIFORMIS.

V. t. parva, V. margaritulce * simili , sed aurantiaco
pallide tincta ; antice angustiore, magis elongata; labio
conspicuo; labro postice parum sinuato, intus denticulis
minus expressis ornato; plicis columellaribus normalibus,
acutioribus. Long. -\, lat. *065, poll.

Hab San Diego, Cooper. California, Pacific Rail-
way exploring Expedition.

Cette espece ressemble an V. margariluta (Maz. Cat.,
n" 589), mais elle esl plus allongee en avant. Le genre
Vom^im,Swainson (non d'Orbigny), correspond au genre
Closia de Gray.

25. OCINEBRA POULSONI (Nutt. ms.).

0. t. turrita, solida, luteo-albida, rufo-sanguineo spi-
raliter lineata; vertice nucleoso parvo, Icevi, parum tu-
mente : t. juniore rhomboidea, hand varicosa, spira pla-
nata, peripheria subangulata f canali recta, longiore, la-
bro intus dentatOj labio distincto, subcalloso : t. adulta t
anfr. 7 primis planatis, posticis tumidis ; suturis pla-

natis, sedarea postica concava; costis subvaricosis crebris.

316



149

tumentibus, irregular ibus, anfractu ultimo 7, circiter
quinquies subnodosis; tola super fide spiraliter crebre in-
sculpta ; sulcis punctatis , rufo sanguineis ; aperturaovali;
labro acutiore, dorsaliter tumido, varicoso, intus dentibus
validis circiter munito; labto solido, sub suturam dente
valido parietali munito, super columellam calloso; canali
breviore, aperto. Long. \ '85, long. spir. *96, lat. *93,
poll. : div. 38.

Mab. San Diego, Nuttall. Cerros Is., Veatch.
Santa Barbara, Jewell.

Je n'ai vu que trois individus de cette belle espece :
I'uird'eux, qui esl typique, porte le nom de Buccinum
Poulsoni dans la collection Nuttall qui fail parlie du
Musee brilannique : un second, tres-jeune, et d'un as-
pect fort particulicT, bien qu'il appartienne evidemment
a la me* me espece, a ete recueilli par le colonel Jewell,
probablement a Santa Barbara (mais, d'apres son etiquette,
a Panama) : enfin celui du docteur Veatcli provient de la
basse Califbrnie, et il esten tres-mauvais elat. Le premier
a ele dessine sur bois pour 1'institution Smithsonienne
par M. Sowerby. Comme celle e^pece inte'ressante est
presque inconnue en France, j'ai cru devoir en donner
une description suffisamment precise. p. p, c-

317



N.



ON

THE PLEISTOCENE FOSSILS



COLLECTED BY



COL. E. JEWETT, AT STA. BARBARA, CALIFORNIA;



WITH



DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES.



BY
PHILIP P. CARPENTER, B.A., Pn.D.



From the Annals and Magazine of Natural History. Third Series, Vol.
XVII., pp. 274-278, April, 1866.



(319)



[From the ANNALS AND MAGAZINE OF NATURAL HISTORY
for April 1866.J



ON

THE PLEISTOCENE FOSSILS

COLLECTED BY COL. E. JEWETT AT STA. BARBARA, CALIFORNIA}

WITH

DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES.

BY

PHILIP P. CARPENTER, B.A., PH.D.



THE study of the recent and tertiary mollusks of the west coast
of America is peculiarly interesting and instructive, for the fol-
lowing reasons. It is the largest unbroken line of coast in the
world, extending from 60 N. to 55 S., without any material
salience e^tept the promontory of Lower California. Being
flanked by an almost continuous series of mountain-ranges, the
highest in the New World, it mi<iht reasonably be supposed that
the coast-line had been separated from the Atlantic from remote
ages. The almost entire dissimilarity of its faunas from those
of the Pacific Islands, from which it is separated by an immense
breadth of deep ocean from north to south, marks it out as con-
taining the most isolated of all existing groups of species, both in
its tropical and its temperate regions. When we go back in time,
we are struck by the entire absence of anything like the boreal
drift, which has left its ice-scratchings and arctic shells over so
large a portion of the remaining temperate regions of the northern
hemisphere, and also by the very limited remains of what can
fairly be assigned to the Eocene age. The great bulk of the
land on the Pacific slope of North America (so far as it is not
of volcanic origin) appears to have been deposited during the
Miocene epoch. Here and there only are found beds whose
fossils agree in the main with those now living in the neigh-
bouring seas. To trace the com spon deuces and differences
21 321



2 Dr. P. P. Carpenter on Pleistocene Fossils

between these and their existing representatives may be expected
to present results analogous to those now being worked out
with such discerning accuracy from the various newer beds of
modern Europe.

The first collection of Californian fossils seen in the east was
made near Sta. Barbara by Col. E. Jewett in 1849; but no ac-
count .was published of them before the list in the British Asso-
ciation Report (1863), p. 539. They consist of forty-six species,
of which twenty-nine are known to be now living in the Cali-
fornian seas, and others may yet be found there. The following
ten are Vancouver species, some of which may travel down to
the northern part of California :

Margarita pupilla, Priene Oregonensis,

Galerus fastigiatus, Trophon Orpheus,

Bittium filusum, Chrysodomus carinatus,

Lacuna solidula, C. tabulatus, and

Natica clausa, C. dims.

Some of these are distinctly boreal shells, as are also Crepidula
grandis (of which Col. Jewett obtained a giant, 3J inches long,
and which now lives on a smaller scale in Karntschatka) and
Trophon tenuisculptus (whose relations will be presently pointed
out). So far, then, we have a condition of things differing from
that of the present seas, somewhat as the Red Crag differs from
the Coralline. But in the very same bed (and the shells are in.
such beautiful condition that they all appear to have lived on
the spot, which was perhaps suddenly caused to emerge by
volcanic agency) are found not only tropical species which even
yet struggle northwards into the same latitudes (as Chione
succincta), but also species now found only in southern regions,
as Cardium graniferum and Pecten floridus. Besides these,
the following, unknown except in this bed, are of a distinctly
tropical type, viz. :

Opalia, var. insculpta. Pisania fortis.

Chrysallida, sp.

From a single collection made only at one spot, in a few
weeks, and from tke very fragmentary information to be derived
from the collections of the Pacific Railway surveys (described by
Mr. Conrad, and tabulated in the Brit. Assoc. Report, 1863,
pp. 589-596), it would be premature to draw inferences. We
shall await with great interest the more complete account to be
given by Mr. Gabb in the Report of the California Geological
Survey. With the greatest urbanity, that gentleman has sent
his doubtful Pleistocene fossils to the writer, to be compared
the living fauna; but it would be unfair here to give any
322



from Sta. Barbara, California. 8

account of them, except that they confirm the foregoing state-
ments in their general character.

-The following are diagnoses of the new species in Col. Jewett's
collection.

Turritella Jewettii.

T. testa satis tereti, haud tenui, cinerea rufo-fusco tincta ; anfr.
subplanatis, suturis distinctis ; liruiis distantibus (quarutn t. jun.
duse extantiores) et striolis subobsoletis spiralibus ciucta; basi
parum angulata ; apertura subquadrata ; labro tenui, modice si-
nuato.

Hob. Sta. Barbara, Pleistocene formation (Jewett). San Diego,
on beach (Cassidy).

This species comes nearest to T. sanguinea, R,ve., from the
Gulf, but differs in the faintness of the sculpture. Mr. Cassidy's
specimens may be washed fossils, or very poor recent shells.

Bittium tasperum.

B. testa B. quadrifilato forma, magnitudine, et indole simili, sed
sculptura intensiore ; eodem vertice nucleoso abnormali ; sed, vice
filorum, costulis spiralibus costas spirales superantibus, subnodu-
losis ; t. jun. costulis ii. anticis majoribus, alteris minimis ; postea
plerumque iv. subsequalibus, interdum iii. interdum aliis iiiter-
calantibus; sculptura basali intensiore; costis radiantibus sub-
arcuatis.

? = Turbonilla aspera, Gabb, in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sc. Phila-
delphia, 1861, p. 368.

Hob. Sta. Barbara, fossil in Pleistocene beds; abundant (Jewett).
S. Pedro, S. Diego, Catalina Is. 30-40 fms. (Cooper), State Col.
no. 591 c.

Mr. Gabb informs me that his Turbonilla aspera is a Bittium.
Unfortunately the type is not accessible ; and as the diagnosis
would fit several closely allied species, it cannot be said with
precision to which it rightfully applies. As this is the com-
monest of the group, it is presumed that it is the " Turbonilla "
intended. Should the type, however, be recovered, and prove
distinct, this shell should take the name of B. rugatum, under
which I wrote the diagnosis, and which was unfortunately
printed in the Brit. Assoc. Report, p. 539. The fossil specimens
are in much better condition than the recent shells as yet dis-
covered.

Bittium armillatum.

B. testa B. aspero simili ; anfr. nucl. ii. laevibus, tumentibus, vertice

declivi, celato ; dein anfr. ix. normalibus planatis, suturis impressis;

t. adolescente seriebus nodulorum tribus spiralibus extantibus,

supra costas iustructis ; costis radiantibus circ. xiii. fere parallelis,

323



4 Dr. P. P. Carpenter on Pleistocene Fossils

seriebus, a sutnris separatis, spiram ascendentibus ; t. adulta,
costulis spiralibus, interdum iv., intercalantibus ; costulis radianti-
bus creberrimis; costis suturalibus ii. validis, baud nodosis : basi
effusa, liris circ. vi. ornata; apertura subquadrata; labro labioque
tenuibus ; columella vix torsa, efFusa, vix emarginata.

Hub. Sta. Barbara, Pleistocene, 1 sp. (Jewett). S. Pedro,
S. Diego (Cooper}.

The sculpture resembles Cerithiopsis ; but the columella is
pinched, not notched.

Opalia (tcrenatoides, var.) insculpta.

O. testa O. crenatoidei simili ; sed costis radiantibus pluribus, xiii.
xvi., in spira validis; anfr. ult. obsoletis ; sculptura spirali nulla;
punctis suturalibus minus impressis, circa fasciam basalem Isevem
postice, non antice continuis.

Hob. Sta. Barbara, Pleistocene, 1 sp. (Jewett),

Very closely related to O. crenatoides, now living at Cape
St. Lucas, and, with it, to the Portuguese O. crenata. It is
quite possible that the three forms had a common origin.

Trophon tenuisculptus.

T, testa T. Barvicensi simili, sed sculptura minus extante ; vertice
nucleoso minimo ; anfractibus uno et dimidio Isevibus, apice acuto;
normalibus v., tumidis, postice subangulatis, suturis impressis ;
costis radiantibus x.-xiv., plerumque xii., baud varicosis, angustis,
obtusis ; liris spiralibus majoribus, distantibus, quarum ii.-iii. in
spira monstrantur, aliis intercalantibus, supra costas radiantes
undatim transeuntibus ; tota superficie lirulis incrementi, supra
liras spirales squamosis, eleganter ornata; canali longiore, sub-
recta, vix clausa ; labro acutiore, postice et intus incrassato, denti-
bus circ. v. munito ; labio conspicuo, Isevi ; columella torsa.

Hab. Sta. Barbara, Pleistocene formation (Jewett).

This very elegant shell is like the least-sculptured forms of
T. Barvicensis, from which it appears to differ in its extremely
small nucleus. It is very closely related to T.fimbriatulus, A. Ad.,
from Japan, but differs in texture, and is regarded by Mr. Adams
as distinct. It stands on the confines of the genus, there being
a slight columellar twist, as in Peristernia.

Pisania fortis.

P. testa P. insiyni simili, sed solidiore ; crassissima, sculptnra valde
impressa ; anfr. norm, v., parum rotundatis, suturis distinctis ;
costis radiantibus t. juniore circ. xii., obtusis, parum expressis,
postea obsoletis; liris spiralibus validis, crebris (quarum t. juniore
v., postea x., iu spira monstrantur), subaequalibus, anticia major!-*
324



from Sta. Barbara } California. 5

bus ; canali recurvata ; lacuna umbilical! magna ; labro intus
crebrilirato ; labio conspicuo, spiraliter rugose lirato.

Hab. Sta Barbara, Pleistocene formation (Jewett).

Col. Jewett's single specimen is in very fine condition, and is
confirmed by a fragment obtained by Mr. Gabb, the palaeonto-
logist to the California State Survey. Although resembling
Purpura aperta and congeners in the irregular rugose folds of
the labium, and Siphonalia in the strongly bent canal, Mr. H.
Adams considers that its affinities are closest with the Cantharus
group of Pisania. That genus is extremely abundant in the
tropical fauna, but does not now live in California. It is the
only distinctly tropical shell in the whole collection; and its
presence, along with so many boreal species and types, appears
somewhat anomalous, like the appearance of Valuta and Cassi-
daria in the Crag fauna. It is distinguished from the extreme
forms of P. insignia by having the spiral lirse pretty equally dis-
tributed over the early whorls, by the close internal ribbing of
the labrum, by the absence of the stout posterior parietal tooth,
and by the great development of the columellar folds.

Note. Unfortunately, during the long interval which has elapsed
between the transmission of the MS. and receipt of the proof, the
types have been returned to the owner, and (with the remainder of
Col. Jewett's invaluable collection of fossils) have become the pro-
perty of a college in New York State. As they are packed in boxes,
and at present inaccessible, I am unable to give the measurements ;
but the unique specimens were drawn on wood by Mr. Sowerby for
the Smithsonian Institution. P. P. C., Montreal, Feb. 22, 1866.

325



INDEX OF SPECIES.



T. B. The numbers without capitals refer to the foot -paging in this volume :
those with capitals to the original works quoted in the list, O-X.



Acanthochites \
Acanthocliiton )

auhates, 72.

avicula, 98, 136.

arragouites, 108, 252, 318,

P 198.
Acanthopleura

Call to ni iea, 135.

fluxa, 98, 135.

muscosa, 16.
Acar

gradata, 69.
A chat in a

Albersi, P 175, 287.

California, 59.

conularis, 287.

coronata, 295.

cylindracea, 286.

fusiformis, 285.

Isabellina, 286.

Liebraanni, 295.

octona, 44.

pulchella, P 177.

Sowerbyana, 286.

streptostyla, 295.

tortillana, 286.

turris, 59, P 175-

zebra, P 176.
Acicula

turris, P 175.
Acila

insignis, 73.

castrensis, 88, 91, 98, 130,
165.

Lyalli, 130.



Acirsa

borealis, 245.
Esehriuhtii, 310.
meuesthoides, 104, 217.
Aclis

ascaris, P 438.

fusiformis, 260, 335, P 437.
lumens, 260, 335, P 438.
Acmaea

seruginosa, 19, 84, 283, O

3!9-
ancylus, 174, 215, P 208,

V 221.

fancyloides, 19, 215.
Antillarum, P 203, 364.
Asmi, 19, 23, 136.
atrata, 27, 104, 152, 213.
Liradiata, 268
cantharus, 214.
cassis, 7, O 173, 178, 290,

0319,0348.
var. cinis, 233.
cseca, 19.

cribraria, 16, 211, 319.
diaphana, 319.
digitalis, 7, 136, 174, O 319.
disoors, 60.
dorsuosa, 72.
fascicularis, 108, 268, 233,

239, O 252, 319, 351,

364, P 203, P 206, P 210,

P 54 6.

fimbriata, 319.
iloccata, 268.

(?floccata, var.) filosa, 267.
(13)



14



INDEX OP SPECIES.



Acmaea

(?floccata, var.) subrotunda, 37,

268.

gigantea, O 229, 233, 297.
grandis, 282, 283, O 297,

instabilis, 212.

Kochii, O 229, O 233.

var. limulata, 26, 136, 151.

livescens, O 319.

mamillata, 7, 173, 199,

215, V 222.
marmorea, 173, 199, 215,

V 222.

Mazatlandica, 319.

niesoleuca, 16, 24, 27, 104, 197,
214, 208, 209, 229,
O 233, O 239, 241, 252,
276, 283, O 319, 348,
352, 366, P 203, P 206,

P 208, P 210, P 546.

mitella, 24, 92, 108, 0236,0319,
252, O 291, 364, P 210,

P533.

mitra, 173, 177, 199, O 212,
213, 215, V 222.

monticola, 72.

var. monticula, 72.

mutabilis, O 239, O 252, P 203,
P 205, P 206, P 546.

Oregona, 1 70, 229, 233, 240.

paleacea, 227, 229, U 204.

patina, 16, 23, 48, 48, 49, 69, 72,
92, 104, 136, 170, 214, 173,
174, O 190, 198, 199,
O 209, 215, 219, 229,
233, 252, 290, 291,
319, 347, O 348, 351,
353, P203, P 207, V 221.

pelta, 16, 19, 23, 26, 48, 49, 84,
92, 136, 214,309,0162,0173,
199, 223,0 291,0 319,

V 221.

persona, 16, 19, 23, 26, 84, 136,
151, 170,0 174, 175,0 199,
229, 233, 252, 291, i



Acmaea

348,0 351,0 353, P 208,

V 221.
personoides, 215, 319, P

203.

pileolus, 215, 319.
(?pileolus, var.) rosacea, 136.
pintadiua, 92, 229, 233.
radiata, 174, 215, P 208,

V 221.

rosacea, 100, 136.
scabra, 13, 23, 26, 84, 136, 151,

199, 213, 229, 233,

252, 282, 319, 349,

0351,0352,0353, V222.

scurra, 190, 215, V 222.
scutum, 19, 170, 173, 190,
215, 219, P 207, P 209,

V 221, V 222.

?Sieboldi, 69.

spectrum, 16, 23, 26, 84, 136,
151, 199, 213, 229,
0233, 3 i 9 , 0351, V 222.

striata, 319, 360.

strigatella, 152, 214, 268.

strigillata, 104.

subrotundata, 268.

tessellata, 229, 233.

testudinalis, 92, 219, 366,
P 203.

textilina, 213, 319.

var. textilis, 151.

toreuma, 319, 349.

var. umbonata, 136.

vernicosa, 24, 268.

verriculata, O 229, 233.

vespertina, 268, 319.

(?vespertiua, far.) vernicosa,

37.

virginea, 136.
Acroloxus

Nuttalli, 161.
Acrybia

aperta, 7 1 *
Actinia

Candida, Q 235.



INDEX OF SPECIES.



15



Actinocyclus

Sandiegensis, 94.
Actinobolus

borealis, 70.

ventricosus, 17.
Ac us

luctuosus, P 387.
Adamsiella

Osberti, 44.
Adeorbis

abjectus, 188, 190, 273.

scaber, 295, 322, P 354.

Verrauxii, 62.
Admete

arctica, 71, 329.

crispa, 217.

viridula, 71, 329
Adrana

lanceolata, 131.
Adula

cirmamomea, 38, 237.

falcata, 21, 26, 130, 237.

parasitica, 237.

soleniforinis, 236.

stylina, 85, 113, 130, 155,237.
JEgopsis

cultellata, 159.
JEneta

harpa, no.
JBolift

iodinea, 94, 95.

Barbarensis, 95.

opalescens, 94, 95.



Online LibraryPhilip P. (Philip Pearsall) CarpenterThe mollusks of western North America → online text (page 36 of 45)